United Nations

A/51/381


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

19 September 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


                                                        A/51/381
                                                              

General Assembly
Fifty-first session
Item 31 of the provisional agenda*

*   A/51/150.


                  COOPERATION BETWEEN THE UNITED NATIONS AND
                  THE ORGANIZATION OF THE ISLAMIC CONFERENCE

                        Report of the Secretary-General


                                   CONTENTS

                                                              Paragraphs Page

 I.   INTRODUCTION .........................................    1 - 2      3

II.   CONSULTATIONS BETWEEN REPRESENTATIVES OF THE UNITED
      NATIONS AND THE ORGANIZATION OF THE ISLAMIC CONFERENCE
      AND REPRESENTATION AT MEETINGS .......................    3 - 8      3

III.  GENERAL MEETING OF THE UNITED NATIONS SYSTEM AND THE
      ORGANIZATION OF THE ISLAMIC CONFERENCE AND ITS
      SPECIALIZED INSTITUTIONS .............................    9 - 15     4

IV.   FOLLOW-UP ACTION ON RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE MEETINGS 
      BETWEEN THE UNITED NATIONS SYSTEM AND THE ORGANIZATION
      OF THE ISLAMIC CONFERENCE AND ITS SPECIALIZED
      INSTITUTIONS .........................................   16 - 35     7

      A. United Nations Conference on Trade and Development    18 - 20     8

      B. Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for
         Refugees .........................................    21 - 28     9

      C. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United
         Nations ..........................................       29      10

      D. United Nations Educational, Scientific and
         Cultural Organization ............................    30 - 33    10

      E. United Nations Environment Programme .............       34      11

      F. United Nations Industrial Development Organization       35      11

 V.   COOPERATION IN THE FIELD OF ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL
      DEVELOPMENT ..........................................   36 - 56    12

      A. United Nations Relief and Works Agency for
         Palestine Refugees in the Near East ..............    36 - 38    12

      B. United Nations Development Programme .............    39 - 43    12

      C. United Nations Children's Fund ...................    44 - 46    13

      D. Economic Commission for Africa ...................       47      14

      E. Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia ..   48 - 52     15

      F. International Fund for Agricultural Development ..   53 - 55     15

      G. Other United Nations specialized agencies and
         international organizations ......................      56       16


                               I.  INTRODUCTION


1.   The General Assembly, in its resolution 50/17 of 20 November 1995,
took note with satisfaction of the report of the Secretary-General
(A/50/573) and requested the United Nations and the Organization of
the Islamic Conference (OIC) to continue cooperation in their common
search for solutions to global problems relating to international
peace and security, disarmament, self-determination, decolonization,
fundamental human rights, social and economic development and
technical cooperation.  It further encouraged the specialized agencies
and other organizations of the United Nations system to continue to
expand their cooperation with OIC.  The General Assembly also welcomed
the efforts of the secretariats of the two Organizations to strengthen
cooperation between them in the political field and to undertake
consultations with a view to defining the mechanisms of such
cooperation.

2.   In the same resolution, the General Assembly recommended that, in
order to enhance cooperation and for the purpose of review and
appraisal of progress, a general meeting between representatives of
the secretariats of the United Nations system and the Organization of
the Islamic Conference and its specialized institutions should take
place in 1996, and every two years thereafter.  It also recommended
that coordination meetings of focal points of the organizations and
agencies of the United Nations system and the Organization of the
Islamic Conference and its specialized institutions should henceforth
be held concurrently with the general meeting.  It requested the
Secretary-General to report to the General Assembly at its fifty-first
session on the state of cooperation between the United Nations and
OIC.


             II.  CONSULTATIONS BETWEEN REPRESENTATIVES OF THE UNITED
                  NATIONS AND THE ORGANIZATION OF THE ISLAMIC 
                  CONFERENCE AND REPRESENTATION AT MEETINGS

3.   On 2 October 1995, the Ministers for Foreign Affairs of the States
members of OIC held their annual coordination meeting at United
Nations Headquarters to discuss the agenda of the fiftieth session of
the General Assembly, in particular those items of concern and
interest to OIC.  In response to an invitation from OIC, a senior
representative from the Department of Political Affairs of the United
Nations Secretariat attended the meeting.

4.   The coordination meeting reviewed the current international
situation, with particular attention to the situation in the Middle
East and the question of Palestine; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Jammu and
Kashmir; Afghanistan; Somalia; the conflict between Armenia and
Azerbaijan; the consequences of Iraq's occupation of Kuwait; the
situation pertaining to the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya and Security
Council resolutions 731 (1992) and 883 (1993); Cyprus; and Tajikistan.

5.   On 3 October 1995, the Secretary-General held a meeting at United
Nations Headquarters with the Secretary-General of OIC, His Excellency
Dr. Hamid Al-Ghabid, to review progress in cooperation between the two
Organizations and to discuss issues of mutual interest.

6.   A high-level meeting subsequently took place between senior
officials of the secretariats of the two Organizations on 5 October. 
The United Nations Secretariat delegation was headed by the
Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs, and the OIC secretariat
delegation by the Assistant Secretary-General for Political Affairs. 
The two sides discussed issues of mutual interest and ways of further
strengthening cooperation and coordination between the United Nations
and OIC in the political field, as called for in General Assembly
resolution 49/15 of 15 November 1994.  Both sides expressed
satisfaction at the excellent level of cooperation between the two
Organizations and agreed to hold regular consultations with one
another on issues of mutual interest.

7.   During the period under review, regular consultations were held
and information exchanged between the secretariats of the United
Nations and the Organization of the Islamic Conference, with regard to
ongoing peacemaking efforts of the two Organizations, particularly in
Afghanistan, Tajikistan and Somalia.  Periodic consultations were also
held between the Head of the United Nations Special Mission for
Afghanistan and senior OIC officials, with a view to promoting closer
coordination and cooperation in the efforts of the two Organizations
to bring peace to Afghanistan.  OIC has also been accorded observer
status in the United Nations-sponsored continual round of inter-Tajik
talks.  Regular information has also been exchanged with regard to the
two Organizations' efforts to promote peace and national
reconciliation in Somalia.

8.   On 15 February 1996, the Secretary-General convened a high-level
meeting of regional organizations (including OIC) with which the
United Nations has cooperated in preventive diplomacy, peacemaking and
peacekeeping.  The agenda of the meeting focused on modalities for
cooperation and principles to govern cooperation between the United
Nations and regional organizations.  The meeting also considered
cooperation in peace-building, in both its preventive and
post-conflict contexts, and discussed new, practical and more
effective ways of working together.  The meeting was part of the
Secretary-General's ongoing effort to continue the dialogue between
the United Nations and regional organizations and to agree on ways and
means of enhancing cooperation.  It was held within the overall
framework of "An Agenda for Peace" (A/47/277-S/24111 and
A/50/60-S/1995/1).  


              III.  GENERAL MEETING OF THE UNITED NATIONS SYSTEM AND
                    THE ORGANIZATION OF THE ISLAMIC CONFERENCE AND
                    ITS SPECIALIZED INSTITUTIONS

9.   Pursuant to General Assembly resolution 50/17, a general meeting
on cooperation between the representatives of the secretariats of the
United Nations system and the Organization of the Islamic Conference
and its specialized institutions was held at Geneva from 26 to 28 June
1996.  In accordance with the agreement between the coordinating
secretariats, the meeting adopted the following agenda items:

     1.  Organization of work.

     2.  (a)   Review of cooperation and appraisal of progress achieved
               in the nine jointly agreed priority areas of cooperation:

               (i)  Development of science and technology;

             (ii)   Trade and development;

            (iii)   Technical cooperation among Islamic countries;

             (iv)   Assistance to refugees;

               (v)  Food security and agriculture;

             (vi)   Education and eradication of illiteracy;

            (vii)   Investment mechanisms and joint ventures;

           (viii)   Human resources development;

             (ix)   Environment;

         (b)   Review of existing cooperation in other jointly agreed
               areas;

         (c)   Identification of possible new areas of cooperation.

     3.  Consideration of proposals for enhancing the mechanisms of
         cooperation between the United Nations system and OIC and its
         institutions.

10.  Representatives of the following departments of the United Nations
and other organizations and agencies of the United Nations system
participated in the meeting:  Department of Political Affairs;
Department for Development Support and Management Services; Department
of Public Information; Economic Commission for Europe (ECE) (also
representing Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) and Economic and
Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP)); Economic and
Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA); United Nations Children's
Fund (UNICEF); United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
(UNCTAD); United Nations Development Programme (UNDP); United Nations
Environment Programme (UNEP); United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA);
World Food Programme (WFP); Office of the United Nations High
Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR); International Labour Organization
(ILO); United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural
Organization (UNESCO); International Fund for Agricultural Development
(IFAD); and United Nations Industrial Development Organization
(UNIDO).

11.  Representatives of the following organizations and institutions of
OIC participated in the meeting:  Islamic Foundation for Science,
Technology and Development (IFSTAD); Islamic Centre for the
Development of Trade (ICDT); Statistical, Economic and Social Research
and Training Centre for Islamic Countries (SESRTCIC); Islamic
Development Bank (IDB); Islamic Educational, Scientific and Cultural
Organization (ISESCO); Islamic Institute of Technology (IIT); Research
Centre for Islamic History, Art and Culture (IRCICA); Islamic
Solidarity Fund (ISF); and Islamic Chamber of Commerce and Industry
(ICCI).

12.  Based on the discussions in the meetings, which centred around the
working papers prepared by the organizations and agencies of the
United Nations system and OIC and its institutions, the meeting agreed
to continue to strengthen cooperation in the nine already established
priority areas, as defined in specific agreements reached between the
agencies of the two Organizations at the meeting.  (These agreements
are contained in the final report of the meeting, which was
transmitted by the United Nations Secretariat to all the agencies of
the United Nations and to the OIC secretariat in July 1996.)

13.  The meeting endorsed the following recommendations made during the
previous meeting of United Nations/OIC focal points, held at Geneva in
June 1995:

     (a) Focal points should exchange their work programmes and might
join one another in some of their scheduled activities of mutual
interest;

     (b) Focal points should agree on medium-term (three to five
years) cooperation programmes, to the extent possible, and are
encouraged to form joint committees for planning and follow-up;

     (c) Cooperation between the United Nations system and OIC and its
subsidiaries should be conceived in the context of realizing synergy
and added value of joint efforts in member States.  Joint programming
procedures and timeliness should be improved, with due consideration
for the involvement of other actors, be they bilateral or
multilateral, governmental or non-governmental organizations.  There
should be consultations of focal points from both Organizations on
programme elements that have been approved as priorities by the
respective governing bodies and have resources earmarked for them in
1996-1997.  For the 1998-1999 biennium and beyond, consultations
should be undertaken at the time of programme budget preparations;

     (d) Focal points should formalize their relations through the
signing of memoranda of understanding;

     (e) Focal points should incorporate in their respective work
programmes the activities, projects and programmes on which agreement
has been reached for joint implementation.  Agencies of the United
Nations and OIC should also ensure that appropriate budgetary
resources are secured as far as possible for these work programmes;

     (f) Specific contact points should be designated in each of the
participating United Nations and OIC institutions.  These contact
points should be encouraged to realize at least one joint activity
between their respective institutions during the year between the
cooperation meetings;

     (g) A small high-level committee consisting of two senior
officials from both the United Nations and OIC should be established
to oversee the work of cooperation between the United Nations and OIC
institutions and to facilitate their work by providing necessary
support, as well as to remove any hurdles in the way of the
realization of their joint activities;

     (h) Joint activities and projects should be partially financed,
as far as possible, by the concerned focal points and/or agencies
involved.  Additional sources of financing might also be jointly
identified.  In that regard, a set of basic guidelines for funding
jointly agreed projects and programmes should also be developed at the
next general meeting to operationalize project funding mechanisms;

     (i) Since the question of financing of technical cooperation
activities supported by OIC and its subsidiary bodies is of crucial
importance, particularly in view of diminishing international
resources for official development assistance, the Islamic Development
Bank and other funding institutions in the Islamic world should
participate in periodic consultations between the United Nations and
OIC.

14.  The meeting expressed appreciation for the consolidated papers
submitted by the United Nations and OIC reviewing the ways and means
of enhancing the actual mechanisms of cooperation between the two
Organizations.  In this regard, the meeting endorsed the specific
proposals put forward in the consolidated papers, as well as during
the deliberations of the general meeting, as reflected in the
agreements reached between counterpart United Nations and OIC
institutions in their respective fields of interest.  The meeting
urged that the necessary follow-up action be taken by the mechanisms
established for that purpose.

15.  During the general meeting at Geneva, in accordance with paragraph
6 of General Assembly resolution 50/17 and resolution No. 2/23-ORG
adopted by the twenty-third Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers
(see A/50/953-S/1996/344, annex III), senior officials of the
political departments of the United Nations and OIC secretariats
reviewed the proposals for strengthening cooperation in the political
field put forward by the two secretariats.  The two sides identified a
number of modalities for enhancing United Nations-OIC information
exchange, consultations and coordination, and agreed that those
modalities would apply to areas of mutual interest.  Both sides also
discussed specific issues of common interest and concern.  It was
agreed that further high-level consultations on the identified
modalities would be held between the representatives of the two
secretariats during the annual sessions of the United Nations General
Assembly in New York.


         IV.  FOLLOW-UP ACTION ON RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE MEETINGS BETWEEN
              THE UNITED NATIONS SYSTEM AND THE ORGANIZATION OF THE 
              ISLAMIC CONFERENCE AND ITS SPECIALIZED INSTITUTIONS

16.  The United Nations and OIC established areas of priority for
cooperation and designated organizations and agencies on both sides to
act as focal points for follow-up action that would be required for
the implementation of recommendations adopted by joint meetings of the
two Organizations.  The organizations and agencies of the United
Nations system serving as focal points for priority areas of action
are as follows:


----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Organization/agency                               Area
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
United Nations Conference on Trade    Development of science and
and Development                       technology

United Nations Development Programme  Technical cooperation among
Islamic
                                      countries

Office of the United Nations          Assistance to refugees
High Commission for Refugees

Food and Agriculture Organization     Food security and agriculture
of the United Nations

United Nations Educational,           Education and eradication of
Scientific and Cultural               illiteracy
Organization 

United Nations Industrial             Investment mechanisms and
Development Organization              joint ventures

United Nations Educational,           Human resources development
Scientific and Cultural
Organization

United Nations Environment Programme  Environment
----------------------------------------------------------------------------


17.  Outlined below is a summary of the reports received from the
United Nations organizations and agencies serving as focal points for
the priority areas during the period under review.


            A.  United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

18.  At present, UNCTAD cooperates with OIC in carrying out joint
studies on an ad hoc basis.  An example of this is the recent joint
study on trade flows and shipping opportunities among Islamic
countries.  It is suggested that this form of cooperation be carried
out on a regular basis.

19.  UNCTAD and OIC recently established a regular exchange of
information on their respective ongoing and planned activities in the
field of science and technology.  This cooperation was further
strengthened following the meeting of the focal points of the lead
agencies of the United Nations system and OIC and its specialized
institutions, held at Geneva from 19 to 21 June 1995.  It was agreed
at that meeting that UNCTAD and IFSTAD should consult each other on a
number of proposed project ideas for member countries and the
respective contribution each organization would make.

20.  Consultations are currently taking place between UNCTAD and the
Islamic Development Bank on a programme of activities on various
aspects of the Uruguay Round of multilateral trade negotiations,
including accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO), that could
be of interest to several member States of OIC in West Africa and
Central Asia.  The programme would be financed by IDB and executed in
close cooperation with UNCTAD and WTO.  UNCTAD and IDB are also
discussing the possibility of carrying out other technical assistance
activities for the benefit of IDB member countries.  UNCTAD and the
Islamic Centre for the Development of Trade are also cooperating with
regard to other issues before the Uruguay Round for the benefit of OIC
member countries.


                B.  Office of the United Nations High Commissioner
                    for Refugees

21.  On 5 July 1988, OIC and UNHCR signed an agreement of cooperation,
under which coordination on humanitarian issues would be increased. 
Cooperation would include regular consultations on subjects of mutual
interest and exchange of information and documentation on the policies
and activities of the two agencies, whereby OIC might participate as
an observer in UNHCR Executive Committee meetings and UNHCR would
participate as an observer at conferences and other activities of OIC.

22.  Within the framework of this cooperation agreement, UNHCR and OIC
have continued to expand their cooperation in priority areas relating
to refugees and global humanitarian problems of common interest. 
Regular meetings have taken place between representatives of the two
organizations, both at Geneva and at Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

23.  Exchanges between OIC and UNHCR were further expanded in the
context of the meeting of United Nations/OIC focal points that took
place at Geneva in September 1989.  OIC expressed its support for
UNHCR protection and assistance activities in the countries concerned. 
At that time, OIC indicated its willingness to assist UNHCR in
enhancing its cooperation with its member States.  UNHCR and OIC have
since held a number of formal and informal meetings in this regard.  

24.  The High Commissioner's participation in the sixth extraordinary
session of the Islamic Conference on Bosnia and Herzegovina and her
subsequent visit to OIC headquarters at Jeddah constituted a step
forward in the two organizations' common search for humanitarian
solutions to the increasingly complex refugee situation in the OIC
member States.  It is to be noted that OIC, on the occasion of such
meetings, regularly adopts resolutions on enhancing its cooperation
with UNHCR.  Follow-up on these resolutions is ensured by joint
meetings and consultations.

25.  The participation of UNHCR in the twenty-third Islamic Conference
of Foreign Ministers, held at Conakry from 9 to 13 December 1995,
constituted a further step forward in the two organizations' common
search for humanitarian solutions and adequate responses to the plight
of various refugee groups in OIC member States.

26.  With regard to UNHCR cooperation with the specialized institutions
of OIC, it is worth noting that a number of concrete steps have been
taken to implement the terms of the special agreement signed in May
1991 between UNHCR and the Islamic Organization for Education, Science
and Culture.  This agreement provides for general and permanent
cooperation, including exchange of expertise, regular meetings of a
joint commission and mutual benefits in staff services.

27.  Similar progress has also been achieved in UNHCR cooperation with
IDB through the signature in January 1994 of a cooperation agreement. 
The main objective of this agreement is to enhance cooperation between
the two organizations in the field of humanitarian assistance to
refugees and returnees.  Consultations are being conducted by the two
parties to identify projects and plans designed to assist refugees and
returnees, focusing on essential needs such as settlement, training,
education, health and development.

28.  In the field of promotion and dissemination of refugee law, UNHCR
and OIC are exploring further opportunities to organize jointly
seminars and conferences on asylum and refugee law in different
Islamic countries.


          C.  Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

29.  Discussions were held in April 1996 between the Director of the
FAO Investment Centre and the Islamic Development Bank to collaborate
in the preparation of investment projects.  During the period from
April 1995 to May 1996, FAO completed the formulation of 14 additional
investment projects in OIC countries for eventual consideration by
financing institutions; investment requirements for these projects are
estimated at US$ 768 million.  Many of these projects aim at improving
irrigation and drainage management and water use, increasing
agricultural production, livestock and fisheries development and
consolidating the crop protection system.


                  D.  United Nations Educational, Scientific and
                      Cultural Organization

30.  UNESCO has continued its cooperation with OIC through its
specialized agencies, notably the Islamic Educational, Scientific and
Cultural Organization and the Research Centre for Islamic History, Art
and Culture.  

31.  Regarding UNESCO cooperation with ISESCO, the fourth joint meeting
between both institutions was held at UNESCO headquarters on 20 and 21
November 1995, to review cooperation between the two institutions and
to draw up a number of joint activities, for joint financing and
implementation during the 1996-1997 biennium, in the field of
education, science, culture and communication.  In that respect, an
agreement on cooperation was signed on 30 March 1996.

32.  Furthermore, in connection with the strengthening of cooperative
links between the ISESCO and UNESCO regional offices, two coordination
meetings were held, on 11 and 13 February 1996, at the headquarters of
the UNESCO Regional Office for Education in the Arab States (UNEDBAS)
in Amman and in Beirut, to consider cooperative activities of UNESCO
and ISESCO for 1996-1997, particularly in the field of education. 
This came within the purview of the Protocol on Cooperation concluded
between the two organizations at the meeting of the fourth Joint
Commission and in the framework of both organizations' programmes of
action in the Arab region.

33.  As far as cooperation with IRCICA is concerned, the first
international artisans-at-work festival was jointly organized at
Islamabad in October 1994, which included an international seminar on
creativity and a UNESCO experts meeting for reviewing the Decade for
Craft Development.  Both organizations agreed to enhance their
cooperation further in conformity with their originally planned joint
activities, namely, UNESCO's work on the various aspects of Islamic
culture; "Arabia plan" activities; projects implemented within the
framework of the World Decade for Cultural Development, including the
establishment of the Rabat Museum for Islamic Crafts and Arts;
cultural development in the new republics of Central Asia and
Caucasia; rebuilding of the cultural heritage of Bosnia and
Herzegovina and the organization of international workshops on arts
development.  A memorandum of understanding between both institutions
was signed on 8 June 1996 with a view to facilitating coordination and
joint implementation of projects.


                   E.  United Nations Environment Programme

34.  In November 1995, UNEP assisted in the preparation of a draft
medium-term United Nations-OIC plan of action to be reviewed by
relevant agencies.  UNEP co-sponsored a seminar on integrated pest
control, crop protection and seeds improvement in North and West
Africa and a workshop on transfer of know-how on the Grameen Bank, at
Bamako in April 1996.  UNEP also co-sponsored a subregional West Asian
consultation with IDB at Abu Dhabi in June 1996. 


            F.  United Nations Industrial Development Organization

35.  A relationship agreement between UNIDO and ISESCO was signed on
16 May 1996.  The agreement will facilitate cooperation between the
two organizations in the following nine areas:  technical and
vocational education; integration of women in development activities;
promotion of traditional arts and crafts; training of manpower for
repair and maintenance of laboratory equipment; strengthening of
applied research, including promotion of linkages between
universities/research organizations and production sectors; protection
of the environment, including abatement of industrial pollution and
waste recycling; capacity-building for sustainable development;
energy, including renewable and non-polluting energy sources and
efficiency of energy use; and exchange of information and databases. 
A number of concrete cooperation proposals have been put forward by
ISESCO and are currently being considered by UNIDO.


        V.  COOPERATION IN THE FIELD OF ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT

             A.  United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine
                 Refugees in the Near East

36.  The United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees
in the Near East (UNRWA) and OIC have maintained a cooperative working
relationship since 1987.  The Agency has benefited from the ongoing
support of OIC for its efforts to provide essential services and
humanitarian assistance to Palestinian refugees, and has regularly
apprised the OIC secretariat of UNRWA activities and programmes.

37.  Agency officials at various levels meet periodically with OIC
secretariat staff at Jeddah.  From 6 to 8 September 1995, the
Commissioner-General of UNRWA attended the Second Meeting of the OIC
Group of Eminent Persons, serving as Chairman of the Committee for
Economic, Social, Science and Technology Affairs.  The Agency also
maintains contact with the Islamic Development Bank, a subsidiary
organ of OIC.

38.  UNRWA looks forward to developing its relationship with OIC.  In
this regard, the Agency notes the concern expressed by OIC about the
issue of refugees in general and Palestinian refugees in particular,
as well as the inclusion of human resources development as a new area
of cooperation in the updated plan of action approved by the Standing
Committee for Commercial and Economic Cooperation (COMCEC) in October
1994.


                   B.  United Nations Development Programme

39.  A memorandum on cooperation and liaison between UNDP and OIC was
signed on 20 October 1981.  This memorandum established the guiding
principles of collaboration between the two organizations for the
promotion and enhancement of technical cooperation among developing
countries, with particular emphasis on OIC member countries.  In this
context, a mutual consultative mechanism was envisaged for the purpose
of appropriate reciprocal assistance.

40.  In this regard, at the end of 1994, senior-level direct
consultations took place in New York between the UNDP Special Unit for
Technical Cooperation among Developing Countries and SESRTCIC, during
which the Director-General of SESRTCIC met with the Director of the
Special Unit for Technical Cooperation among Developing Countries. 
During these consultations, it was observed that technical cooperation
among Islamic countries could best be enhanced by providing support
for capacity-building within the structures of member Governments'
coordination and focal point mechanisms for technical cooperation
among developing countries.  As an immediate step, it was agreed that
the strengthening of the capacities of national focal points should be
given priority attention.  In this connection, the Special Unit for
Technical Cooperation among Developing Countries held a meeting of
TCDC focal points for the African region at Accra, in April 1995, in
which African member States of OIC participated.  For the Asia and
Pacific region, a meeting is foreseen for the last quarter of 1996,
and a meeting for the Arab region is envisaged soon after that.  OIC
will be invited to play an active role, especially in providing
possible resource persons who will review and discuss the various
aspects of jointly enhancing technical cooperation among developing
countries in the regions of concern to OIC.

41.  Exchange of information and data related to the dissemination of
technical cooperation among developing countries has been another
important topic of discussion between OIC and UNDP.  The Information
Referral System (INRES) of UNDP on the available capacities in the
South has been reviewed at length.  A set of INRES database diskettes
worldwide was passed on to SESRTCIC and it was agreed to regularize
the flow of information on TCDC capacities existing in the developing
countries.  INRES has since been linked to the Internet system as part
of the multidimensional INRES capability, which is also to include a
roster of experts/consultants available in the developing countries,
together with a catalogue of "best practices" in technical cooperation
among developing countries worldwide.  The member countries of OIC
will benefit from this new feature.

42.  As part of enhancing technical cooperation among Islamic
countries, the various TCDC workshops and seminars supported by the
Special Unit for Technical Cooperation among Developing Countries have
also been reviewed by OIC and UNDP, especially those held in OIC
member country regions.  Among these workshops were the regional
workshops on communication and information networks, held at Cairo in
December 1994 and at Tunis in June 1995.  These two workshops, which
were aimed at establishing an "Arab regional information highway",
proved to be highly successful in providing the 16 OIC countries of
the Arab region with an effective forum for the sharing and exchange
of technical expertise.  The active participation of IDB made it
especially significant in terms of exploring the possible investment
potentials involved in building up and expanding such a communication
and information infrastructure among the OIC member States of the Arab
region.  Exchange of information between SESRTCIC and UNDP also took
place in connection with the regional meeting of focal points in
agriculture, organized by OIC in Burkina Faso in March 1996.  All of
these cooperation activities have contributed positively to the
enhancement of technical cooperation among Islamic countries and among
developing countries.

43.  At present, active collaboration between SESRTCIC and UNDP is
under way for organizing an interregional workshop on industrial
estates for the benefit of a select group of OIC developing countries.



                      C.  United Nations Children's Fund

44.  Cooperation between the United Nations Children's Fund and OIC
began more than 20 years ago with an initial focus on information
exchange.  A memorandum of cooperation, setting out the modalities for
consultation, exchange of information, joint action, reciprocal
representation and liaison, was signed in October 1982.  Since then,
cooperation has progressively expanded to address the needs of
children and women.

45.  In June 1994, the general secretariat of OIC, with technical and
financial assistance from UNICEF, held a symposium on child rights and
care in Islam.  After analysing the interface between Islamic tenets
and the implementation of child rights, the symposium issued a
declaration that the Convention on the Rights of the Child does not
contradict the Islamic shariah.  The commitments of OIC members to the
"decade goals" for children and to the Convention were further
reaffirmed at the subsequent high-level meetings of OIC, including the
Seventh OIC Summit, in December 1994, and the twenty-third session of
OIC Foreign Ministers, in 1995.

46.  Cooperation between OIC and UNICEF now faces a double challenge: 
first, to work with the member countries of OIC for universal
ratification of the Convention on the Rights of the Child and
secondly, to encourage measures to implement the Convention in
countries where it has been ratified.  These challenges will
necessitate the sharing of information, technical resources and
successful experiences, as well as the implementation of laws
promulgated for the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of
the Child.


                      D.  Economic Commission for Africa

47.  Since 1989, ECA has been developing cooperative relations with
OIC, as well as with its specialized institutions.  Within the context
of General Assembly resolution 50/17, ECA has undertaken, or plans to
undertake, the following activities: 

     (a) Industry.  In 1995, three workshops on the improvement of the
quality of leather and leather products in Africa, organized and
financed jointly with IDB, were held at Tangier and Casablanca,
Morocco and at Khartoum, respectively.  Another workshop, on the
management system for women entrepreneurs in small-scale industries,
was organized at Dakar from 18 to 22 March 1996;

     (b) Transport.  Within the context of the implementation of the
Second Transport and Communications Decade in Africa (1991-2000), ECA
held discussions with IDB in May 1993 and submitted projects in three
areas, namely, (i) missing links of the trans-African highway; (ii)
regional integration, removal of non-physical barriers and cooperation
in shipping and air transport; and (iii) projects of land-locked
countries, especially dry ports.  A document entitled "UNTACDA II
projects of African member States of the Organization of Islamic
States" (UNTACDA/93/11) was prepared and submitted to IDB for
consideration.  While these project proposals are yet to be translated
into concrete collaborative activities, ECA is of the view that the
areas indicated are important.  Also, a joint request by ECA and the
Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) for
funding some of the activities with regard to the organization of the
Third African Roads Safety Congress, to be held at Pretoria, South
Africa in April 1997, is being prepared for OIC consideration;

     (c) Pan-African Development Information System (PADIS).  PADIS
has collaborative arrangements in the area of dissemination of
information with a number of OIC institutions, including the
following:  ISESCO, which is a participating centre in the PADIS
network, ICDT, the Islamic Research and Training Institute, and IDB,
with which PADIS is exchanging information and data through OICISNET. 
Also, at the request of IDB, PADIS has submitted a project proposal
for information-gathering and exchange among African member States of
OIC.  Action on this is still pending;

     (d) Science and technology.  The Islamic Foundation for Science,
Technology and Development, together with ECA co-sponsored a West
African subregional conference on science and technology, which was
held at Yamoussoukro, Co^te d'Ivoire from 8 to 11 May 1996.


              E.  Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia

48.  During 1995, in the area of development and management of water,
ESCWA, with the support of OIC, implemented a regional project on
assessment of water resources in the ESCWA region, using remote-
sensing techniques.  The project was executed in cooperation with the
Royal Jordanian Geographic Centre and financed by UNEP and the Islamic
Development Bank.  The outcome of the project included the development
of regional hydrological/hydrogeological maps (scale:  1/2,500,000)
and the formulation of options for the development and management of
major water resources, focusing on shared water resources.

49.  In the area of industry, a regional project on engineering
infrastructure was co-sponsored by ESCWA, the Arab Industrial
Development and Mining Organization (AIDMO), the Arab Fund for
Economic and Social Development, the Islamic Development Bank and the
Gulf Cooperation Council.  The second phase of the project was
completed in December 1995.  It included the preparation of six
feasibility studies for selected industries.  The final phase is
scheduled to be completed during 1996.

50.  In the area of technology, a workshop was organized at Amman in
1995 as a joint ESCWA/OIC activity, in cooperation with the Amman
Chamber of Industry, the Industrial Investment Bank, ESCWA and UNIDO. 
ESCWA provided backstopping as well as substantive assistance to the
workshop.

51.  In the field of agriculture, a workshop entitled "Project planning
with environmental considerations" was organized in Turkey from 18 to
29 September 1995, in collaboration with FAO and SESRTCIC.

52.  In the area of international trade, OIC is currently conducting
two important projects.  One involves the building of a database on
intra-OIC trade and the other relates to the financing of intra-OIC
exports.  The experience gained from this exercise will eventually
help ESCWA to develop its own database for trade.


              F.  International Fund for Agricultural Development

53.  IFAD has continued to maintain close cooperation with OIC in the
priority areas of food and security, agricultural and rural
development and financing of joint projects.  During the period under
review, IFAD and the Islamic Development Bank have continued to expand
their cooperation.  Regular meetings have taken place between the
representatives of the two institutions, both in Rome and at Jeddah. 
Furthermore, on 17 April 1996, the President of IDB, accompanied by a
high-level delegation, visited IFAD headquarters and held fruitful
discussions with the Fund's management on ways and means to strengthen
collaboration, particularly through an increase in the co-financing of
projects in sub-Saharan Africa, Eastern Europe and Central Asia.

54.  On 3 July 1995, IFAD and ISESCO signed a cooperation agreement in
order to help promote agricultural and rural development objectives in
member countries of both organizations.  Within the framework of this
agreement, a seminar on the management of water resources will be
organized and sponsored by the two organizations.  It is expected to
take place at Bamako in October 1996.

55.  IFAD organized a regional workshop jointly with SESRTCIC to
identify and strengthen the capacities of focal points for technical
cooperation in agricultural and rural development in the African OIC
member countries.  The workshop was held at Ouagadougou from 9 to 11
November 1995.


                 G.  Other United Nations specialized agencies and
                     international organizations

56.  The World Food Programme, the International Labour Organization,
the International Civil Aviation Organization, the International
Maritime Organization and the World Trade Organization conveyed
information to the United Nations Secretariat on their programmes and
activities in OIC member States over the course of the year.


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Date last posted: 28 December 1999 17:35:10
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