United Nations

A/51/353


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

12 September 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


                                                        A/51/353
                                                              

General Assembly
Fifty-first session
Item 21 (b) of the provisional agenda*

     *    A/51/150.


          STRENGTHENING OF THE COORDINATION OF HUMANITARIAN AND DISASTER
            RELIEF ASSISTANCE OF THE UNITED NATIONS, INCLUDING SPECIAL
          ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE:  SPECIAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE TO INDIVIDUAL
                             COUNTRIES OR REGIONS

           Situation in Rwanda:  international assistance for a solution
           to the problems of refugees, the restoration of total peace,
            reconstruction and socio-economic development in Rwanda

                        Report of the Secretary-General


                                   CONTENTS

                                                              Paragraphs Page

 I.   INTRODUCTION ..........................................    1 - 3     3

II.   SIGNIFICANT DEVELOPMENTS FROM JANUARY 1995 TO
      AUGUST 1996 ...........................................    4 - 27    3

      A. Repatriation and refugees .........................     4 - 11    3

      B. Justice ...........................................    12 - 21    5

      C. Rehabilitation, reconstruction and socio-economic
         development .......................................    22 - 27    7

III.  HUMANITARIAN DEVELOPMENT RESPONSES PROVIDED BY THE
      INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY ...............................   28 - 79    8

      A. Assistance by Member States and other donors ......    28 - 29    8

      B. Assistance by organizations of the United Nations
         system ............................................    30 - 69    8

      C. Assistance by intergovernmental organizations and
         others ............................................    70 - 77   17

      D. Assistance by non-governmental organizations ......    78 - 79   18

IV.   CONCLUDING OBSERVATIONS ...............................   80 - 86   19

Annex.  Assistance by Member States and other donors ...................  21


                               I.  INTRODUCTION


1.   The present report is submitted pursuant to General Assembly resolution
50/58 L of 22 December 1995 on international assistance for a solution to the
problem of refugees, the restoration of total peace, reconstruction and
socio-economic development in Rwanda.  In the resolution, the Assembly
encouraged the Government of Rwanda to pursue its efforts to create conditions
conducive to the return of refugees and to the recovery by displaced persons
of their property in peace, security and dignity.  The Assembly welcomed the
increased commitments and funds pledged for the Government's Programme of
National Reconciliation and Socio-economic Rehabilitation and Recovery and
called upon the international community to continue to support the
rehabilitation process of Rwanda.

2.   The General Assembly further welcomed the commitment of the Government
of Rwanda to take all necessary measures to ensure the safety and security of
all humanitarian personnel, including personnel of non-governmental
organizations, operating in Rwanda, and urged all States, United Nations
organizations, specialized agencies, and other intergovernmental and
non-governmental organizations and the international financial and development
institutions to provide all possible financial, technical and material
assistance to Rwanda.

3.   The General Assembly called upon all States to act in accordance with
the recommendations adopted by the Nairobi Summit of January 1995, the
Regional Conference on Assistance to Refugees, Returnees and Displaced Persons
in the Great Lakes Region, held at Bujumbura in February 1995, and those
contained in the Cairo Declaration adopted at the summit of heads of State of
the Great Lakes region, held at Cairo in November 1995.


        II.  SIGNIFICANT DEVELOPMENTS FROM JANUARY 1995 TO AUGUST 1996

                         A.  Repatriation and refugees

4.   The safe repatriation of Rwandese refugees continues to be viewed as an
essential component to the stability in Rwanda and the region in general.  The
concepts accepted in the Nairobi Declaration in January 1995, in the Plan of
Action of the Bujumbura Conference in February 1995 and included in the
Tripartite Agreements between Rwanda, the Office of the United Nations High
Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and neighbouring countries were reaffirmed
at several international meetings between mid-1995 and mid-1996.  Participants
in the Tripartite Commissions, the Addis Ababa follow-up meeting to the
Bujumbura Conference in February 1996, the summit of the heads of State of the
Great Lakes region in Tunis in March 1996 and the Steering Committee meeting
in Geneva in May 1996 expressed their frustration at the absence of wide-scale
repatriation of Rwandan refugees and recommended further measures to improve
the return rate.

5.   An Organization of African Unity (OAU)/UNHCR follow-up meeting was held
in Addis Ababa on 29 February 1996 to review the progress made since the
Bujumbura Conference of February 1995.  Co-chaired by the United Nations High
Commissioner for Refugees and the Secretary-General of OAU, Mr. Salim Ahmed
Salim, the meeting gathered representatives of 59 European and African
Governments to discuss the crises in Rwanda and Burundi.  The participants
appealed for increased coordination between ongoing initiatives to address the
problems in Burundi and renewed calls for Rwanda to intensify
confidence-building measures through contacts with refugees at all levels,
particularly through visits by Rwandan authorities to Zaire.  A Steering
Committee of 10 members mandated by the Addis Ababa meeting to monitor the
implementation of the Bujumbura Plan of Action noted, at its first meeting in
May 1996, the growing number of international initiatives to address the
issue, and stressed the need for increased refugee visits and the adoption of
proposed legislation on genocide in Rwanda.

6.   UNHCR registered 99,791 returnees to Rwanda between 1 January and
20 August 1996.  This figure includes 20,414 old caseload refugees (1959 and
subsequent years) and 79,377 new caseload refugees (1994).  In July 1996, some
15,000 refugees were forcefully expelled from Burundi. 

7.   The month of August saw the highest monthly repatriation figures since
the exodus of 1994, with over 51,000 refugees returning from Burundi. 
Repatriation figures dropped from 23,428 in February to 4,886 in March and
remained steady through June, with an average of 4,000 returnees per month. 
The higher figures for August are explained in part by the prevailing security
situation in Burundi, strong persuasion from local government authorities, a
relatively low rate of arrest of those refugees who returned to Rwanda in July
1996, and the need to return before the planting season.  Overall, however,
repatriation figures for the period January to August 1996 are some
30 per cent lower than for the same period in 1995. 

8.   Government officials in Rwanda believe that the stagnation of
repatriation may be attributable to an escalation in propaganda and
intimidation tactics by former government leaders in the refugee camps. 
Though some rumours circulating in the camps about conditions in Rwanda may be
far-fetched and designed solely to frighten the refugee population, there is
concern among United Nations and non-governmental organizations that the
judicial system of Rwanda is far from adequate.  Organizations and agencies
are concerned that some people have been arrested in an arbitrary manner and
not been given access to due legal process.  Furthermore, the progress in the
trial of genocide suspects has been slow.  However, the passing of the law on
genocide trials in August 1996 by the National Assembly represents a very
positive development.

9.   In keeping with the conclusions of the Tripartite Commission meeting in
December 1995 between Zaire, Rwanda and UNHCR, specific measures designed to
boost the number of voluntary returns were put in place in February 1996.  One
effective means of fostering repatriation has been the organization of
cross-border visits of refugees, returnees and government authorities. 
Following a visit by the Prime Minister of Rwanda to camps in the United
Republic of Tanzania in February 1996, the figures on repatriation from that
country doubled from January to February.  A UNHCR video campaign providing
refugees with documentary images of their home communes has contributed to
dispelling fears and increasing repatriation rates.

10.  The reception capacity created for large-scale repatriation to Rwanda
remains in place.  Infrastructure set up throughout the country to receive and
register large numbers of returnees, distribute take-home kits, and transport
returnees to their home communes is being maintained.

11.  During the reporting period, violent conflicts in countries neighbouring
Rwanda have caused many people to seek refuge in Rwanda.  Between mid-March
1996 and July 1996, an influx of over 15,000 Zairians fleeing the fighting in
the Masisi and Rutshuru region of Zaire sought refuge in north-western Gisenyi
Prefecture of Rwanda.  These Zairians of Banyarwanda origin were settled by
the Government of Rwanda at a location close to the Zairian border.  In late
June 1996, over 4,000 predominantly Hutu refugees from Burundi arrived in
Cyangugu Prefecture in south-western Rwanda, to escape escalation in violence
in the Cibitoke region of north-western Burundi.  In addition, there have been
some 2,500 Burundian refugees in Rwanda since October 1993.  Of these groups
of Burundian refugees, over 900 have returned to Burundi voluntarily.


                                  B.  Justice

12.  Progress has been made towards the establishment of a functioning
justice system in Rwanda.  Intensive recruitment and training programmes have
attempted to compensate for the serious shortfall in trained personnel at
every level.  The international community has also aided the material needs of
the devastated justice system, and provided technical assistance to the
Ministry of Justice and to the prosecution authorities.  Legislation necessary
for the establishment of a High Judicial Council (Conseil supe'rieur de la
Magistrature), governing the functioning of the Supreme Court and creating the
Rwandan Bar has been enacted by the National Assembly.  Few courts, however,
were yet functioning by mid-1996.

13.  In August, the National Assembly enacted legislation to organize
genocide prosecutions.  The act classifies offences into four categories, and
provides for the reduction of penalties for all except the planners and
organizers of genocide if they plead guilty.  Genocide cases will be tried by
specialized chambers of the First Instance Courts (Tribunaux de premie`re
instance).

14.  The total detainee population continued to increase, and at the end of
July 1996 numbered over 78,510, with more than 25,000 held in local detention
centres (cachots), where overcrowding increased and conditions deteriorated
sharply in the first half of 1996.  Disease and deaths in local detention
centres, some of them resulting from suffocation due to extreme overcrowding,
increased.  These centres are usually quite small and were never intended or
equipped to house such large numbers of detainees for extended periods. 

15.  The central prisons of Rwanda remain grossly overcrowded.  Prison
capacity has been expanded and conditions have improved since 1995, when the
conditions in prisons prompted the international community to provide
assistance to the Government's programme of opening additional centres of
detention, as well as extending and rehabilitating existing prisons.  These
projects, some of which are still in progress, are estimated by the Government
to increase prison capacity by 25,000 to around 40,000.  However, at the end
of July 1996, when the capacity of the central prisons was estimated to be
about 28,700, they held over 52,000 detainees.  Health conditions, however,
have improved and the high mortality rate of 1995 in the central prisons has
fallen substantially.  Nevertheless, conditions in prisons remain a matter of
concern.

16.  Most of those imprisoned were arrested by the army or by local
administrative officials.  Although progress has now been made in the training
and deployment of judicial police investigators, gendarmes and communal
police, many arrests have continued to be made outside legal procedures.  In
May 1996, the National Assembly enacted a law retrospectively legalizing all
arrests and detention since April 1994, extending the time limits and removing
the right of appeal against detention decisions until July 1999.

17.  Little progress has been made in the screening of detainees held on
accusations of involvement in genocide.  The deployment of judicial officials
has led to some progress in the preparation of case files, but few decisions
to release.  The screening commissions (commissions de triage) reviewed only a
very small number of cases, despite decisions of the Ministry of Justice to
reinforce them and create screening commissions in each commune. 

18.  In June 1996, the Government of Rwanda announced its decision to release
some 400 children, held in prisons and jails, most of whom had been accused of
genocide.  All were under the age of 15, the age of criminal responsibility in
Rwanda, at the time of their alleged crime.  The released minors are being
sent to Gitega Rehabilitation Centre administered by the Ministry of Social
Affairs.  The transfer represents an important step in the strengthening of
the justice system in the country and the implementation by Rwanda of basic
human rights principles.

19.  The Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Tribunal for
Rwanda has continued its investigations.  In December 1995, the first
indictment was issued.  In January 1996, the Tribunal held its second plenary
session in Arusha, United Republic of Tanzania, and in February two additional
indictments were announced.  Arrest warrants were issued and temporary
arrangements made for detainees awaiting trial pending the construction of
permanent facilities in Arusha.

20.  In February 1996, the Security Council appointed Justice Louise Arbour
(Canada) as Prosecutor of the Tribunal, to succeed Justice Richard Goldstone
(South Africa), whose resignation will take effect on 1 October 1996.

21.  In April 1996, the Tribunal and the Government of Rwanda reached
agreement on the rental of the Amahoro Hotel in Kigali, previously occupied by
the United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR).  Agreement was also
reached on the protection of personnel, premises and investigation teams of
the Tribunal, the security and protection of which will rest primarily with
the Government of Rwanda.


               C.  Rehabilitation, reconstruction and socio-economic
                   development

22.  The Government of Rwanda presented its medium-term development plan for
1996-1998 to donor countries and multilateral organizations at the round-table
conference held at Geneva in June 1996, at which over US$ 617 million was
pledged.  Combined with the outcome of the previous round-table conference of
January 1995, total pledges now amount to over US$ 2 billion, of which about
US$ 600 million had been disbursed by donors as of June 1996.  A large part of
the resources pledged for Rwanda will be disbursed for development projects
that will be executed over a period of up to five years.  In the short term,
depending on the allocation of funds pledged, Rwanda might still need
additional resources to cover expected balance-of-payments deficits.

23.  Earlier, in November 1995, the Government of Rwanda presented its
Accelerated Plan of Action for the Repatriation, Reinstallation and
Reintegration of Refugees and Formerly Displaced Persons at the Thematic
Consultation on Repatriation, Reinstallation and Social Reintegration, held at
Kigali in November 1995. 

24.  Inside Rwanda, housing remains a problem for returnees, particularly for
the old caseload, despite the efforts of United Nations agencies and
non-governmental organizations to provide shelter materials.  The high degree
of housing destruction during the 1994 events has led to a serious housing
shortage.  Of the estimated 800,000 old caseload returnees who have returned
to Rwanda since July 1994, thousands have been forced to occupy the houses and
fields abandoned by Rwandans who had fled in 1994.  When those people return
from the refugee camps, they often encounter difficulties in recovering their
property.  This conflict has discouraged many refugees from returning to
Rwanda.  Local authorities, with the help of United Nations agencies, are
attempting to ensure that new caseload returnees recover their homes by
providing shelter and land to homeless old caseload returnees.  Nevertheless,
serious problems remain, particularly in urban areas.  The Government of
Rwanda has completed the identification of 97 suitable resettlement sites, and
work is now being undertaken on shelter, medical, educational and water
facilities at 10 such sites.

25.  A Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)/World
Food Programme (WFP) mission in June 1996 to assess the 1996 second-season
food crops found that agricultural production had continued to improve but
remained well below pre-war levels.  Close to 600,000 people remain in need of
food assistance.  This includes returnees, vulnerable groups and those
participating in food-for-work schemes.  FAO and WFP estimate that
agricultural production increased by 15 per cent in 1996 compared with 1995,
owing to the increased amount of land cultivated by returned refugees, the
improved security in the country, and the assistance provided by the
international community in the form of seeds and agricultural tools.  However,
agricultural production remains 23 per cent below that of the 1990 pre-war
levels.

26.  Real gross domestic product (GDP) increased by 25 per cent in 1995
compared with 1994, reaching a level of 60 per cent of the 1990 level.  At the
end of 1995, annual budgetary revenue is estimated to have reached a total of
RF 23.1 billion (US$ 80 million), surpassing the target of RF 19.4 billion
(US$ 66.9 million) projected with IMF assistance in June 1995.  In 1996, real
GDP is expected to reach about 70 per cent of the pre-crisis level.  As in the
past, the largest components of the 1995 revenue came from taxes on goods and
services and on international trade, 43 and 39 per cent respectively.  On the
spending side, military expenditure has accounted for 4.5 per cent of GDP, a
relatively high ratio by international standards.  The Government will,
however, have incurred a total budget deficit (commitment basis) of RF 17.2
billion, against initial estimates of RF 21.8 billion.  This reduced deficit
has been achieved through both higher revenue collection and lower expenditure
than anticipated.

27.  The Government of Rwanda intends to continue the liberalization of the
economy, establish a proper regulatory framework for the private sector and
disengage from the productive sector.  More substantial support to the private
sector will also be needed to recover the pre-war level of industrial
production by 1998.


             III.  HUMANITARIAN DEVELOPMENT RESPONSES PROVIDED BY THE
                   INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY

               A.  Assistance by Member States and other donors

28.  In 1995, the United Nations consolidated inter-agency appeal for persons
affected by the crisis in Rwanda identified requirements for Rwanda and the
subregion totalling US$ 668 million.  As at February 1996, when the appeal
expired, a total of US$ 535 million had been received from the international
community in contributions and pledges for the assistance programmes of the
United Nations system and its humanitarian partners.

29.  On 30 May 1995, the Secretary-General invited Member States and other
donors to provide information on assistance extended to Rwanda in the
framework of General Assembly resolution 50/58 L of 22 December 1995.  The
replies received are attached in the annex to the present document.


         B.  Assistance by organizations of the United Nations system

             Department of Humanitarian Affairs of the Secretariat

30.  The United Nations Rwanda Emergency Office (UNREO), established in
November 1994 in the wake of the genocide, was phased out in October 1995. 
Its mandate was to coordinate emergency relief assistance to affected
populations within Rwanda and to develop strategies for the reintegration of
some 750,000 internally displaced people.  Through the establishment of the
Integrated Operations centre within the Ministry of Rehabilitation and Social
Integration, the Emergency Office enabled the Government of Rwanda to
effectively manage the reintegration of the internally displaced people.  At
the end of 1995, all camps for displaced persons had been closed and the
majority of the people returned to their home communes.  As of November 1995,
the UNDP Resident Coordinator assumed the responsibilities of the Humanitarian
Coordinator.  Remaining staff of the Emergency Office, vehicles and
communication equipment were placed in the Office of the Humanitarian
Coordinator as well as with the Ministry of Rehabilitation and Social
Integration. 

31.  The Office of the Humanitarian Coordinator, supported by the Department
of Humanitarian Affairs, is providing substantive assistance in humanitarian
contingency planning, coordination and reporting.  The Office also monitors
the overall humanitarian situation in Rwanda, alerts the international
community to problems and shortfalls in humanitarian assistance and identifies
gaps where more assistance is required.

32.  The need for timely reporting and dissemination of information on the
situation in Rwanda and the wider Great Lakes region has led the department to
establish an Integrated Regional Information Network, based in Nairobi, to
promote information exchange, emergency preparedness and a regional analysis
of humanitarian developments in the Great Lakes region as a whole.  In
particular, its links with the Offices of the Humanitarian Coordinators in the
region provide a comprehensive coordination framework for programmes focusing
on the region as a whole.


           Department of Peacekeeping Operations of the Secretariat

33.  The mandate of UNAMIR expired on 8 March 1996.  During the final period
of its mandate, UNAMIR facilitated the safe return and resettlement of
refugees in their home communes and supported the provision of humanitarian
services to the people of Rwanda.  UNAMIR troops also contributed to the
security of the personnel of the International Tribunal and the Human Rights
Field Operation.  In June 1996, agreement was reached with the Government on
the modalities of establishing a United Nations Office for Rwanda (UNOR),
consistent with Security Council resolution 1050 (1996) of 23 April 1996.  The
Office is to be headed by the Secretary-General's Special Representative. 
Information on this has been presented more fully in the report of the
Secretary-General to the Security Council (S/1996/286).


               United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights

34.  The High Commissioner for Human Rights has maintained his Human Rights
Field Operation in Rwanda, notwithstanding the uncertainties of funding
resulting from its dependence on voluntary contributions.  The Operation had
11 field teams covering all 12 prefectures and a sub-office in the Cyangugu
Prefecture, where the security and human rights situation was most troubled.

35.  The Human Rights Field Operation has continued to make regular visits to
the communes and to monitor the human rights situation throughout the country.

It has maintained close relations with the administrative, judicial and
military authorities at local and national levels, and has reported its
assessment of the human rights situation to the Government on a regular basis.

It pays particular attention to the process of repatriation and resettlement
of refugees, coordinating its work closely with that of UNHCR.  It makes
regular visits to places of detention to follow the judicial status of
detainees and observe conditions in relation to international human rights
standards.  This work is carried out in cooperation with the International
Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC).

36.  The Human Rights Field Operation has worked to assist in the
rehabilitation of the justice system at the national and local levels,
particularly through the close contacts of its field teams with local judicial
officials.  It has been able to assist in channelling material assistance made
available by UNDP and other donors to meet local needs.  It has organized or
participated in training seminars for local officials, the Rwandese Patriotic
Army (RPA), the Gendarmerie and Communal Police on the protection and
promotion of human rights.  It has also organized a large number of general
human rights seminars and other promotional events throughout the country.  It
works closely with a number of Rwandan non-governmental organizations, and has
promoted human rights awareness through radio broadcasts, drama performances
and newsletters.

37.  The Government of Rwanda has indicated that it continues to welcome the
presence of the Human Rights Field Operation, and indeed would welcome an
expansion of the numbers of its field officers, urging the international
community to make the necessary funding available.


                     United Nations Development Programme

38.  UNDP is primarily involved in the following three sectors:  resettlement
and reintegration of refugees; rehabilitation of the justice system and human
security; and capacity-building.  Activities carried out by UNDP were funded
from its own resources but also through the UNDP Trust Fund for Rwanda, to
which 10 donors have contributed more than US$ 36 million since the beginning
of 1995.  Several UNDP projects are under way in support of the Government's
Accelerated Plan of Action for the Repatriation, Reinstallation and
Reintegration of Refugees and Formerly Displaced Persons.  Projects include an
integrated package of activities for the resettlement of old and new caseload
returnees, the rehabilitation of social infrastructure, and assistance for the
housing of returnees in urban and semi-urban areas through the preparation and
development of sites.  A UNDP project, undertaken in close collaboration with
WFP, is planning for the construction of 600 houses in rural settings.  UNDP
assistance is also being provided to reinforce government and local
administration capacity to plan, implement, monitor and evaluate
reinstallation activities at both the national and the local levels.

39.  UNDP has been active in reinforcing State capacity and promoting
national reconciliation through initiatives to build an impartial judicial
system, and functioning Communal Police and Gendarmerie forces to support the
maintenance of law and order.  Judicial experts have been deployed to provide
support to the Inspecteurs de Police judiciaire and give advisory service to
the respective procureurs.  UNDP, in collaboration with the Ministry of
Justice, ICRC and several non-governmental organizations, has relieved prison
overcrowding through the extension of existing detention facilities and the
construction of new sites, increasing prison capacity by 24,000.

40.  The UNDP state management capacity-building project was designed to
strengthen rapidly the capacity of key government departments involved in
economic and administrative management.  The project provides direct technical
support to five departments (Office of the Prime Minister, Planning, Finance,
Civil Service, Interior and Communal Development) and, through its training
sessions, offered to government officials at all levels, strengthens the
capacity of the local and central administration as a whole.  The project also
provides logistical support and equipment to eight government departments. 
Also in the area of capacity-building, UNDP sponsored the joint
Government/non-governmental organization/United Nations review of activities
of non-governmental organizations in Rwanda, with a view to enhancing
government and non-governmental organization relations.

41.  UNDP, as the Government's main partner in organizing the round-table
conferences and the follow-up process, provided technical support for the
preparation of the documentation for the conference held in June 1996.  The
round-table conference decided that thematic and sectorial consultations
should be organized over the next 12 months in the following areas: 
rehabilitation of the judiciary; support to the private sector; rural
development and food security; and national capacity-building.  UNDP will
continue to provide technical support to the Government to prepare these
consultations as well as to monitor the implementation of the programme
presented at the round-table conference and decisions taken by it.


                     United Nations Environment Programme

42.  In response to the Government's request, in February 1995, UNEP carried
out an assessment of the impact of the conflict on the environment,
particularly with regard to the displacement of population and pressure
exerted on the natural resource base.  UNEP also provided technical and
financial support in September 1995 for the organization of a workshop on
environmental training for policy makers on the Great Lakes subregion of
Central Africa, attended by 60 nationals of Rwanda and 10 nationals of
Burundi.  The training workshop identified the following three areas of
cooperation in both countries:  study of biological diversity in both Rwanda
and Burundi; management of wetlands and swamps common to both countries; and
setting up an institutional framework, that is, a subregional committee
comprising experts from each country to shape and identify programmes and
provide technical support for their elaboration and implementation.

43.  Through a task force on the continuum from relief to development, a
number of actions have been undertaken in Rwanda since 1995 and a report on a
Strategic Action Plan focusing on the Great Lakes region of Africa was
prepared in late 1995 and subsequently updated early in 1996.  The goal of the
Plan is to bring a region-wide focus to ongoing and envisioned efforts of
countries and external agencies to help achieve political, social and
environmental stability and sustainable economic development in the entire
Great Lakes region.

44.  In August 1995, UNEP provided equipment and software to the Ministry of
Tourism and Environment to enable it to overcome the infrastructural
destruction caused between April and July 1994.

                 United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

45.  UNHCR has continued to facilitate the return of Rwandan refugees and
promote conditions conducive to large-scale repatriation.  Returnees are
assisted by UNHCR for their transport, food, shelter and health needs from the
Rwandan border to their home communes.  Fourteen transit centres throughout
Rwanda are equipped to handle some 43,000 refugees a day.  UNHCR also supports
several ministries active in repatriation and resettlement programmes and
monitors the reintegration of returnees. 

46.  By 20 August 1996, UNHCR had facilitated the repatriation of over 40,000
refugees from Burundi, which represented the highest level of organized return
of Rwandan refugees from any country of asylum since the exodus of 1994. 
UNHCR also provided assistance in Rwanda for the 15,000 Rwandan refugees
expelled from Burundi in July 1996. 

47.  Assistance to old caseload returnees who had fled Rwanda in 1959 and
subsequent years has been a high priority for UNHCR since 1996.  In
coordination with the Government of Rwanda, UNHCR has contributed financial
resources to the Government's programme to resettle old caseload returnees on
officially designated sites.  Through its implementing partner
non-governmental organizations, UNHCR distributes shelter materials and
provides logistic and technical assistance, such as artisans and engineers,
for shelter construction at the government-designated resettlement sites. 
Shelter provision for new caseload returnees in their communes of origin has
also been ensured with UNHCR funds.  In 1996, shelter material sufficient to
help complete some 50,000 houses is programmed for distribution by UNHCR.  A
project for tree-planting and environmental protection, as well as training in
animal traction for agricultural production, is also being pursued in Mutara
Prefecture in north-east Rwanda.

48.  The UNHCR rehabilitation and reintegration activities during the
reporting period included community-based rehabilitation of shelter, water,
health, education, prefectural and communal offices, courts and other judicial
establishments.  The main focus of the UNHCR 1996 water and sanitation
programme has been to meet the needs of the new resettlement sites allocated
by the Government of Rwanda for old caseload returnees.  Funds have also been
contributed to the rehabilitation of water supply systems in the communes
which receive large numbers of new caseload returnees. 

49.  Through its implementing partners, UNHCR provided special programmes in
the first half of 1996 for extremely vulnerable individuals, such as widows
and unaccompanied minors.  Vocational training for adolescents has been
organized, as well as income-generating projects for women.  Medical care is
funded by UNHCR at all major entry points and transit areas in Rwanda.  UNHCR
also continues to fund the rehabilitation and operation of communal health
centres in areas with high return rates, and proposes to build a number of new
health facilities at some of the resettlement sites. 

50.  In response to recommendations by the Tripartite Commissions to
disseminate accurate and timely information on Rwanda, UNHCR has launched an
extensive video campaign in the refugee camps in Burundi, the United Republic
of Tanzania and Zaire.  Documentaries on conditions in Rwanda are shown to an
average of 15,000 refugees a day to inform them correctly about the national
rebuilding process and the security situation in their homeland, in an effort
to encourage repatriation.  By 20 August 1996, nearly 600,000 people had
attended mass information video showings in camps near Goma, Zaire.  UNHCR has
noted that these broadcasts have assisted in increasing the number of
returnees to Rwanda.  UNHCR also broadcasts information programmes in Rwanda,
the United Republic of Tanzania and eastern Zaire.


                        United Nations Children's Fund

51.  Children caught in the Rwanda crisis constitute a particularly
vulnerable group, traumatized by the genocide two years ago.  The results of a
national survey on trauma in children, completed in March 1996 by UNICEF, show
that children have experienced extraordinarily high levels of exposure to
traumatic events.  Since October 1994, UNICEF has trained over 8,000 Rwandans
who work with children in basic trauma identification and alleviation methods.

They have been able to reach 200,000 children.  The UNICEF-supported child
soldier demobilization project in Rwanda aims to reintegrate approximately
5,000 former child soldiers into civil society.  Programmes for the
reunification of unaccompanied children continue.  Out of the estimated 45,000
unaccompanied children in Rwanda in 1994, 16,000 have so far been reunited
with family members.  UNICEF estimates that another 70,000 children live with
impoverished foster families.  Some 2,000 children living in child-headed
households have been identified.  UNICEF is assessing the problem with the aim
of devising clear strategies to assist this vulnerable category of children.

52.  A survey on vaccination coverage undertaken by the Ministry of Health
and UNICEF in March 1996 shows that pre-war vaccination levels in the number
of children under 5 immunized against the six major vaccine-preventable
diseases (polio, measles, tuberculosis, whooping cough, tetanus and
diphtheria) have nearly been attained.  This is a major achievement for a
country that has only recently come out of war.  Another survey conducted by
the Ministry of Health, with UNICEF assistance, found that 90 per cent of
health centres were operational and providing basic health care.  UNICEF and
the Rwandan National AIDS Control Programme have started working towards a
concrete HIV/AIDS awareness programme for schools in 1996.

53.  In 1996, UNICEF has been working on the development of an "Education for
Peace" programme for primary schools.  The programme is in its pilot phase
and, if successful, will be expanded to all levels of the formal educational
system as well as non-formal education.  As part of its Water and
Environmental Sanitation programme, UNICEF helped the Government of Rwanda
formulate national policy guidelines for the sector.  The guidelines will
establish a community-based programme for the sector, whereby communities
would be responsible for implementing and managing their own water and
sanitation schemes.


                           United Nations Volunteers

54.  At the end of August 1996, there were a total of 100 United Nations
Volunteers working in Rwanda.  Of this total, 48 were assigned to the United
Nations Human Rights Field Operation in Rwanda.  The remaining Volunteers are
working with the Government and United Nations agencies in the areas of
repatriation and resettlement of refugees, community development, justice and
health.


                             World Food Programme

55.  Over two thirds of WFP assistance to Rwanda during the first half of
1996 (24,080 tons) have been channelled through food-for-work and income-
generating activities.  This is believed to be the most appropriate way of
addressing the needs of the majority of the Rwandan population who continue to
depend on external food aid at a time when the initial emergency is over and
reconstruction is the priority.  Apart from fulfilling the basic mandate of
WFP in providing food to nearly 941,000 needy people, these food-for-work
projects had a noticeable impact on the rehabilitation of different sectors of
Rwandan society, by supporting over 9 million person-days of community-based
work.  Women, who have been participating in half of all such schemes,
represent a third of the overall labour force engaged in community-based
activities.

56.  WFP also continues to care for all those who are still vulnerable to
food shortages but are unable to participate in rehabilitation activities,
generally through assistance to returnee transit centres and refugee camps
(69,000 beneficiaries in 1996), targeted distributions to the population at
risk (101,000 beneficiaries), seeds protection programme (36,000
beneficiaries), and regular institutional feeding of 22,000 unaccompanied
minors, malnourished women and children and hospital patients.

57.  The pre-war development project, Programme alimentaire nutritionnel
(PAN), has been further revitalized, and, as a joint WFP, UNDP, UNICEF, World
Bank and Ministry of Health venture, continues to support 62 nutritional
institutions caring for 15,800 most vulnerable Rwandans.

58.  WFP plans to maintain the existing level of assistance throughout 1996,
but actual distributions will depend on the prevailing food security situation
in the country, the level of repatriation, and future arrivals of asylum
seekers, as well the response of the donors to needs in Rwanda.


            Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

59.  FAO has established a programme of technical cooperation to supervise
and give technical support to the rehabilitation of the agricultural sector. 
Since June 1994, FAO has conducted, jointly with WFP, several assessments of
the crop and food supply situation in Rwanda, as well as of emergency and
rehabilitation needs.  The FAO emergency programme was implemented quickly and
on schedule.  Agricultural input distributions corresponded to forecasts and a
seed multiplication programme, funded by the World Bank, has accomplished its
objectives at very low cost, with the effective cooperation of
non-governmental organizations.

60.  FAO activities have been concentrated in the areas of distribution of
agricultural inputs, collection of agricultural data, monitoring of the food
security situation, identification of vulnerable groups in the rural areas,
and improving animal health.  The distribution of agricultural inputs has been
targeted at vulnerable groups.  FAO has been monitoring agricultural prices at
the 30 markets in the country, and the data show that agricultural prices are
normalizing.  A study undertaken in May 1996 identified 12 per cent of the
rural population as vulnerable, compared with 15 per cent in September 1995. 
Animal vaccination programmes continued in the eastern region. 

61.  In its activities undertaken in conjunction with the Ministry of
Agriculture, FAO is moving from an emergency stage to more long-term rural
development programmes, such as the formulation of a long-term agricultural
and rural development strategy and the creation of a national food security
system.  

              United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural
                                 Organization

62.  During the first half of 1996, UNESCO, through its Programme for
Education for Emergencies and Reconstruction, and in collaboration with the
Rwandan Government, provided technical and logistical support to seminars
dealing with education, peace, culture and health education, including issues
related to HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases.  In the field of
education capacity-building, UNESCO distributed over 5,000 numeracy textbooks
and collected and updated school statistics necessary for the reconstruction
of the school system.  UNESCO printed 6,000 textbooks for formal and
non-formal education and is producing post-literacy material targeted at
illiterate youth, especially the unemployed and street children.  Activities
for the education of imprisoned children were also undertaken, in conjunction
with UNICEF.  A survey of school needs has been conducted in resettlement
areas in anticipation of an influx of returnees.  In June 1996, an agreement
was signed with the Government for the establishment of a UNESCO Office in
Rwanda to coordinate UNESCO programmes.

63.  The UNESCO media project has provided technical assistance to the
National University of Rwanda in degree courses for journalists and has
established a Press Club in Kigali to facilitate contacts between journalists
and enhance their professionalism.  Several training seminars for journalists
have also been organized.


                           World Health Organization

64.  The activities of WHO have focused on assisting the Ministry of Health
in institution-building and human resources development.  WHO has assisted the
Ministry of Health in implementing a health policy based on support to the
district health system.  The epidemiological surveillance system established
in 1995 was further strengthened and consolidated, and guidelines for managing
epidemics were developed.  AIDS/sexually transmitted diseases control and
prevention were reinforced.  In the field of environmental health, WHO has
provided assistance and technical equipment to control water pollution.

65.  In order to alleviate the shortage of health personnel and to upgrade
skills, WHO has assisted in the training of 500 health auxiliaries, 18
physicians and medical support staff in blood transfusion centres and blood
banks and in the Kigali Central Hospital pharmacy.  Drugs, vaccines and
equipment were supplied to the pharmacy.


                          International Monetary Fund

66.  Since July 1994, the Fund's assistance to Rwanda has consisted of policy
advice, technical assistance in strengthening the capacity for macroeconomic
management, and financial support in the context of the compensatory and
contingency financing facility.  As a result of these efforts, the compilation
of economic statistics by the National Bank of Rwanda and the Ministry of
Finance and Planning has been strengthened and coherent macroeconomic policies
were implemented in 1995 and 1996, monitored by IMF.  Further progress on
these fronts and in promoting a stable social order will provide a basis for
the negotiation of a programme that could be supported under the Enhanced
Structural Adjustment Facility (ESAF).


                                  World Bank

67.  The World Bank activities in Rwanda are aimed at establishing and
consolidating the framework for economic and social recovery and facilitating
rehabilitation and reconstruction.  The current World Bank portfolio in Rwanda
comprises 11 ongoing projects covering such key areas as education, health and
population, sanitation, capacity-building, vulnerable groups, productive
infrastructure, rural development and agriculture, and private sector
development.

68.  About US$ 58 million was disbursed during the period June 1995-
June 1996, including US$ 43.67 million through the Emergency Recovery Credit. 
About US$ 155 million is available for disbursement under the ongoing projects
through June 1997.  In the social sector, activities have been initiated to
rehabilitate and reconstruct schools, health centres and water supply systems
through the education and health projects.  The World Bank has been involved
in the financing of income-generating activities initiated by women, and in
distribution of about 2.3 tons of food for nutrition centres and centres for
unaccompanied children.  In regard to the productive infrastructure, the
reconstruction works of the Gitarama-Kibuye road, financed by the World Bank
and Swiss bilateral aid, are ready to resume and are expected to be completed
by June 1997.  Construction and rehabilitation of about 140 water supply
systems for an amount of US$ 2 million have been launched in Gitarama
Prefecture and are expected to end by December 1996.  In March 1996,
activities undertaken by United Nations agencies through a World Bank special
emergency assistance grant of US$ 20 million were completed and the grant
fully disbursed.

69.  Further to the commitments taken at the round-table conference in
June 1996, a joint IMF/World Bank mission will hold discussions with the
Government on the macroeconomic framework and development of a policy
framework paper as a preliminary step to prepare financial budget support for
1997.


         C.  Assistance by intergovernmental organizations and others

                   International Organization for Migration

70.  IOM has been providing transport assistance to returnees, displaced
persons, Rwandan nationals and third-country nationals since 1994.  Together
with UNHCR and in close coordination with the Government of Rwanda, IOM has
provided transport assistance to the communities of origin for over 115,000
repatriating Rwandan refugees.  In coordination with UNHCR, it has also
provided transport assistance to Zairian refugees, fleeing ethnic violence in
North Kivu, upon their arrival in Rwanda.

71.  IOM began its implementation of the programme for the return and
reintegration of qualified Rwandan nationals in January 1996.  This capacity-
building programme will assist in the return of 330 highly qualified Rwandans
who will be placed in key positions in priority sectors.  Some 125
applications from interested candidates in 16 countries have been received. 
Of these, 88 have been matched with vacancies in both the public and the
private sectors.  The remaining applications are currently under consideration
by potential employers.  The first returnees include doctors, magistrates,
economists and university professors. 

72.  In January 1996, the World Bank was requested by the Government of
Rwanda to take a lead role in the preparation of the demobilization process. 
IOM, in collaboration with the Ministry of Defence, has designed a general
framework on demobilization, the elements of which have been incorporated in
the programme for the first-phase demobilization of a vulnerable group of
10,000 child and disabled soldiers and others.  IOM took part in the World
Bank mission for Rwanda sent in June 1996 to assist the Government in the
technical details which will define the terms of reference for preparation
studies for second-phase demobilization.

73.  IOM is also providing transport assistance to the Ministry of Justice
for a limited period of time to transfer detainees to less crowded central
prisons or new places of detention.  These activities are carried out in full
coordination with the United Nations Human Rights Field Operation in Rwanda
and ICRC.


                   International Committee of the Red Cross

74.  Since the establishment of a permanent delegation in Rwanda in 1990,
ICRC has undertaken its traditional activities to protect and assist victims
of the war and the genocide.  ICRC has provided food and non-food items to
vulnerable groups such as orphans, schoolchildren and displaced persons.  With
130 international and more than 1,000 national staff, the ICRC operation in
Rwanda remains among the biggest ICRC operations worldwide.

75.  Together with the Red Cross Societies of Australia, France, Germany,
Switzerland, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the
United States of America, the ICRC has continued to rehabilitate damaged rural
water supply systems and medical facilities in the country.  One million
people benefit from these activities.

76.  ICRC has continued to visit and register all detainees arrested in
relation to the conflict and the genocide held in more than 250 detention
places.  In view of the enormous increase in the number of detainees since
July 1995 and with the situation in the detention places remaining extremely
precarious, it was necessary to continue to assist the prisons with basic food
and non-food items, medicines and water.  Infrastructure work for new
detention sites, identified during 1995, continued in spite of considerable
efforts undertaken by the Rwandan authorities.  ICRC still has to provide up
to 50 per cent of the food and medical needs of the prisons.

77.  Over 2 million Red Cross messages, to restore and maintain contacts
between separated family members, have been distributed to civilians and
detainees through the ICRC network.  Tracing programmes carried out in
collaboration with UNHCR, UNICEF and non-governmental organizations resulted
in over 16,000 children being reunited with their families between July 1995
and July 1996, making a total of 22,000 reunited children since July 1994. 
However, tens of thousands of children are still in search of their parents. 


               D.  Assistance by non-governmental organizations

78.  There are approximately 90 international non-governmental organizations
working in Rwanda.  Their operations are now moving into a more developmental
phase with a focus on increased cooperation and collaboration with government
structures.  There is an elected committee of international non-governmental
organizations to foster improved coordination with all partners, including the
Government, United Nations agencies, donors and local non-governmental
organizations.  A joint Government/non-governmental organization/United
Nations study of the activities of such organizations provided a framework of
recommendations on how to improve the performance of all partners working in
Rwanda.  Non-governmental organizations have also been active in dialogue with
the Government and donors through such activities as participation in the
round-table conference and assisting ministries in the formulation of sectoral
policies.  The crucial transition to development assistance and long-term
planning has, however, been hampered by the continuing short-term basis of the
funding provided by some donors.

79.  Non-governmental organizations have been active in all sectors, working
with communities towards reconstruction, including shelter, and rehabilitation
of health, water and education.  The focus continues to be on assisting
vulnerable groups and addressing specific needs such as psycho-trauma work,
input into the justice system reforms and capacity-building.  Shifting towards
a developmental phase has involved projects that assist people towards
sustainable livelihood, such as income generation and agroforestry. 
Non-governmental organizations continue to be involved, with partners, in
preparations for the return of refugees to Rwanda.  They are also assisting
those refugees from Zaire and Burundi currently seeking asylum in Rwanda.


                         IV.  CONCLUDING OBSERVATIONS

80.  The situation in Rwanda continues to improve, progressing gradually from
an emergency relief phase to rehabilitation, reconstruction and development. 
However, the continued instability in the region and the presence of some
1.6 million Rwandan refugees still outside the country (notwithstanding the
repatriation of almost all the refugees in Burundi), continues to cause
uncertainty and casts a shadow on efforts at rehabilitation and long-term
sustainable development.  With a per capita annual GDP of US$ 80, Rwanda is
one of the poorest countries in the world.  The task of rebuilding a country
shattered by genocide is indeed a difficult challenge.

81.  At the round-table conference for Rwanda held at Geneva in June 1996,
the Government of Rwanda presented its development framework for 1996-1998
which aims at propelling Rwanda towards sustainable development.  It focuses
on rehabilitation of the socio-economic infrastructure and reactivation of
agricultural and industrial production.  The development framework is centred
on the following set of objectives:  strengthening national security,
rehabilitating the judicial system, restoring property rights, repatriating
refugees, consolidating the democratic process, capacity-building, and
national reconciliation.  There is a need for sustained support from the
international community for the Government of Rwanda to deal with immediate
humanitarian concerns and to undertake sustainable development programmes in
the longer term.

82.  The insecurity affecting the western prefectures of Rwanda bordering
Zaire and Burundi is of major concern.  In this respect, the presence of
refugee camps close to the border has been a major destabilization factor,
providing a base for infiltrators and forces opposed to the Government. 
Former Rwandese Government forces and armed militia have continued their
sabotage campaign.  In recent months, attacks on local officials and genocide
survivors have increased markedly.  In response, the Rwandese Patriotic Army
(RPA) has carried out military search operations to combat these attacks. 
These have resulted in some civilian casualties.  In this context, the
Government of Rwanda needs to reconfirm its commitment towards human rights
and ensure the protection of civilian population affected by the conflict.

83.  The alarming situation in Burundi and tensions in the neighbouring
countries of Rwanda have made the situation throughout the Great Lakes region
highly volatile.  Effective monitoring of humanitarian needs and the creation
of a standby emergency response capability needs to be undertaken to prepare
for any new crisis which may erupt.

84.  The 1994 genocide and ensuing destruction devastated the legal system
and presents a challenging array of problems.  The tasks facing the Government
of Rwanda are to end impunity; compensate victims of the genocide; ensure fair
trials; provide humane conditions for detainees; and train and equip virtually
an entire corps of judges, prosecutors, criminal investigators and prison
guards and administrators.  Establishing an independent, effective justice
system in Rwanda is central to rebuilding the country and restoring confidence
and creating conditions amenable to the repatriation of refugees.  Legislation
passed in August 1996 by the National Assembly enabling the organization of
genocide prosecutions is an important step forward for the justice system in
Rwanda.

85.  For most of the year, voluntary repatriation from the refugee camps in
the United Republic of Tanzania and Zaire virtually ceased.  It is to be hoped
that the large-scale repatriation of nearly all the Rwandan refugees in
Burundi in August 1996, and their successful reintegration into their home
communes, will send a positive message to refugees in those countries. 
Repatriation is essential, not only for Rwanda but also for the asylum
countries that are impatient to see the refugees leave their territory.  In
August 1996, the Prime Ministers of Rwanda and Zaire agreed that all refugee
camps in Zaire should be closed before the presidential elections in Zaire,
scheduled for October 1997.  At the Geneva round-table conference in June
1996, participants supported the speedy repatriation of Rwandan refugees and
also recognized the need to give urgent and serious consideration to new
proposals to facilitate their repatriation.  The presence of some 1.6 million
refugees outside the country remains the critical issue and the revitalization
of the repatriation process is a vital element for the rehabilitation and
reconstruction of Rwanda.

86.  In order to carry out those tasks, the Government of Rwanda requires
enhanced assistance in capacity-building from the international community. 
Important steps have already been taken to reorganize the public
administration infrastructure and the legal system, and now this needs to be
put into action.  Projects covering the major areas of rehabilitation have
been designed by the international community in conjunction with the
Government, but the implementation process needs to be strengthened and
further developed to ensure continued progress towards development. 


                                     Annex

                 ASSISTANCE BY MEMBER STATES AND OTHER DONORS


Cyprus

     Cyprus has contributed US$ 1,000 to the United Nations humanitarian
assistance programme for the countries of the Great Lakes region and US$ 1,000
to the UNHCR 1996 appeal budget for the Rwanda-Burundi Emergency Operation.

Denmark

     Denmark contributed DKr 164,377,060 in 1995/96, as follows.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Organization                                     Amount (in Danish Kroner)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1995 
   UNHCR                                              28 000 000
   IOM                                                   500 000
   UNICEF                                              9 000 000
   WFP                                                15 000 000
   Department of Humanitarian Affairs                  1 500 000
   International Tribunal for Rwanda                     250 000
   Danish Red Cross                                   14 000 000
   Adventist Development Relief Agency                 1 859 630
   Save the Children                                   3 000 000
   Danchurchaid                                       12 045 000
                                                      ----------
      Total                                           94 705 706


1996 
   UNHCR                                              37 000 000
   UNHCHR                                                571 350
   UNICEF                                              7 000 000
   Adventist Development and Relief Agency             1 000 000
   Danchurchaid                                       13 000 000
   Danish Red Cross                                   11 000 000
                                                      ----------
      Total                                           69 571 350
----------------------------------------------------------------------------


     In addition, in 1995 Denmark contributed DKr 5,300,000 to support
rehabilitation and reconstruction in Rwanda.

Finland

     Finland's humanitarian assistance to Rwanda (for 1995 and 1996 as of
June 1996) amounted to a total of FmK 18,885,000.  The amount was disbursed as
shown below.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Organization                                       Amount (in markkaa)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1995 
   WFP                                                 4 000 000
   UNHCR                                               3 500 000
   Finnish Free Foreign Mission                          215 000
   Finnish Red Cross/ICRC                                850 000
   Finnish Red Cross/IFRC                              1 000 000
   UNICEF                                              1 120 000
   UNDP                                                1 000 000
                                                      ----------
        Total                                         11 685 000


1996 
   UNHCR                                               1 250 000
   WFP                                                 1 250 000
   FinnChurchAid                                       1 000 000
   Finnish Free Foreign Mission                          350 000
   Finnish Red Cross/ICRC                              2 100 000
   Finnish Red Cross/ICRC                                800 000
   United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights     450 000
                                                      ----------
        Total                                          7 200 000
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------


Germany

     In 1995/96, the amount of humanitarian assistance provided by Germany
totalled DM 68,190,851.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 Amount (in deutsche mark)
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
1995 
   Humanitarian aid                                    7 324 010
   Food aid                                           28 488 972
   Other activities (water supply, education,
   reconstruction, military observers, police force) 115 996 200
                                                     -----------
         Total                                        51 809 182


1996 
   Humanitarian aid                                    2 538 439
   Food aid                                           13 513 230
   Other activities (human rights, Department of
   Peacekeeping Operations Lessons Learned)              330 000
                                                      ----------
         Total                                         16 381 66
------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Norway

     Norway contributed NKr 47,788,666 in 1995/96, as follows.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Organization                                  Amount (in Norwegian kroner)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1995 
   Miscellaneous Visit by the Minister of
   Reconstruction                                         14 263
   CARE Norway                                         1 817 300
   CARITAS Norway                                        945 000
   The Carter Centre                                     323 176
   Norwegian Refugee Council                             395 587
   Norwegian Red Cross                                 9 360 000
   Save the Children Norway                            1 000 000
   United Nations Centre for Human Rights              2 950 000
   UNHCR                                                 781 500
                                                      ----------
        Total                                         37 586 826


1996 
   UNICEF                                              9 750 000
   United Nations International Tribunal for Rwanda      451 840
                                                      ----------
        Total                                         10 201 840
---------------------------------------------------------------------------


Spain

     Spain provided over US$ 4,035 million in humanitarian assistance to
Rwanda in 1995 and US$ 1.8 million in 1996.  This was disbursed as shown
below.

     A grant in an amount of $42,276 was provided to the Vetermo'n
non-governmental organization for implementation, in cooperation with UNICEF,
of a supplementary nutrition programme for unaccompanied children in Rwandan
refugee camps in Goma.

     A contribution to UNHCR in an amount of $2,500,000 in respect of 
cooperation in the programme for the return of refugees in neighbouring
countries.

     Funding in an amount of $150,000 for the extension of eight human rights
observer-monitors under the United Nations Volunteers programme.

     Contribution in an amount of $150,000 to the International Tribunal for
Rwanda.

     Contribution in an amount of $200,000 to the UNDP trust fund for Rwanda
for overhaul of the judicial system in Rwanda.

     Contribution in an amount of $65,574 to the appeal by the International
Committee of the Red Cross.

     Transport of humanitarian cargo and personnel engaged in humanitarian
assistance activities through Spanish NGOs in an amount of 30 million pesetas.

     Contribution in an amount of $2,984,645 by the Spanish Committee for
UNICEF to the UNICEF programme in the region.

     Contribution in an amount of $25,128 (306 million pesetas) by the
Espan~a con ACNUR (Spain with UNHCR) NGO to UNHCR in respect of cooperation in
the programme for the return to Rwanda of refugees in neighbouring countries.

1996

     Contribution in an amount of $1,200,000 to the World Food Programme
(WFP) for food assistance in the Great Lakes region (1996 appeal).

     Funding in an amount of $200,000 for the extension of eight human rights
observer-monitors under the United Nations Volunteers programme who began
their human rights monitoring and observation functions in Rwanda in 1994.

Other assistance:

     Contribution in an amount of $404,988 by the Espan~a con ACNUR (Spain
with UNHCR) NGO to UNHCR in respect of cooperation in the programme for the
return to Rwanda of refugees in neighbouring countries.

     Contribution in an amount of $3,853 by the Spanish Committee for UNICEF
to the UNICEF programme in the region.

Switzerland

     Switzerland's contribution to alleviate the crisis in Rwanda between
April 1994 and June 1996 was as shown below.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Sector                                                   Contribution
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Restoration of peace                                      667 000
Forestry sector                                           725 000
Banking sector                                          1 300 000
Justice and human rights sector                         5 117 000
Financial sector                                        1 200 000
Humanitarian assistance programme for Rwanda           11 010 000
Humanitarian assistance, regional programme            30 587 000
Media and information                                   2 012 000
                                                      -----------
       Total                                           52 618 000
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                     -----

 

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