United Nations

A/51/299


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

20 August 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


                                                        A/51/299
                                                              

General Assembly
Fifty-first session
Item 25 of the provisional agenda*

*    A/51/150.


                    COOPERATION BETWEEN THE UNITED NATIONS
                          AND THE CARIBBEAN COMMUNITY

                        Report of the Secretary-General


                                   CONTENTS

                                                              Paragraphs Page

 I.   INTRODUCTION ..........................................     1         3

II.   CONSULTATIONS AND EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION .............   2 - 13      3

III.  INFORMATION RECEIVED FROM THE UNITED NATIONS SYSTEM ...  14 - 92      5

      1. United Nations Secretariat ........................   15 - 20      5

      2. United Nations Children's Fund ....................   21 - 26      6

      3. United Nations Conference on Trade and Development    27 - 36      7

      4. United Nations Development Programme ..............   37 - 46      9

      5. United Nations Development Fund for Women .........     47        11

      6. United Nations Population Fund ....................   48 - 50     12

      7. United Nations International Drug Control Programme   51 - 53     12

      8. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees .....   54 - 55     13

      9. International Research and Training Institute for
         the Advancement of Women ..........................   56 - 57     13

     10. International Labour Organization .................   58 - 72     13

     11. United Nations Educational, Scientific and
         Cultural Organization .............................      73       15

     12. Pan American Health Organization/World Health
         Organization ......................................   74 - 79     15

     13. International Monetary Fund .......................      80       16

     14. International Telecommunication Union .............   81 - 83     17

     15. International Maritime Organization ...............   84 - 87     17

     16. International Fund for Agricultural Development ...   88 - 90     18

     17. United Nations Industrial Development Organization    91 - 92     18


                               I.  INTRODUCTION


1.   The present report is submitted pursuant to General Assembly
resolution 49/141 of 20 December 1994, entitled "Cooperation between
the United Nations and the Caribbean Community", by which, inter alia,
the Assembly requested the Secretary-General to submit a report on the
implementation of the resolution to the Assembly at its fifty-first
session.


                II.  CONSULTATIONS AND EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION

2.   The Caribbean Community (CARICOM) was established on 4 July 1973
and was granted observer status in the General Assembly on 16 October
1991.

3.   In January 1995, CARICOM and the Economic Commission for Latin
America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) signed a memorandum of understanding
for cooperation, which offers opportunities to advance cooperation
between the United Nations and CARICOM in a number of areas of
critical importance.

4.   Participating in the special commemorative meeting of the General
Assembly on the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of the United
Nations, the Secretary-General of CARICOM, Dr. Edwin Carrington,
stressed the fact that the 14 Caribbean Community States that are also
States Members of the United Nations had not only benefited
substantially from working with the United Nations and its programmes
and the specialized agencies, but had also collectively and
individually made significant contributions to its ideals and
purposes, including contributing to the peace processes in Haiti,
Central America, Namibia and South Africa.

5.   The Secretary-General of CARICOM held consultations with the
Secretary-General of the United Nations and his senior officials in
October 1995 and in February 1996.  In November 1995, he presented a
gift to the United Nations on behalf of the States members of CARICOM. 
In February 1996, Secretary-General Carrington participated in the
meeting between the United Nations and regional organizations and
arrangements with which the United Nations has cooperated in
preventive diplomacy, peacemaking and peacekeeping, which had been
convened by the Secretary-General of the United Nations to discuss
modalities and principles for such cooperation, and new, practical and
more effective ways of working together.

6.   A senior official of CARICOM attended the fourth session of the
Commission on Sustainable Development, held at United Nations
Headquarters in April 1996, which was devoted to reviewing progress in
the implementation of the Programme of Action for the Sustainable
Development of Small Island Developing States.

7.   In a message from the Secretary-General to the seventeenth meeting
of the Conference of Heads of Government of the Caribbean Community,
delivered by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for
Public Affairs on 3 July 1996 in Barbados, emphasis was put on the
vital role that is played by members of CARICOM in furthering the
United Nations causes of peace, development and democracy.  Reflecting
the increasing complexity of international relations, he stated that
the United Nations continued to place a premium on cooperation and
coordination at the regional level, attaching the utmost importance to
building ever closer ties with CARICOM.  A particular tribute was paid
in this context to CARICOM's active involvement in United Nations
efforts in Haiti.

8.   Cooperation between the United Nations and CARICOM was considered
by the twenty-second meeting of the Standing Committee of Ministers
Responsible for Foreign Affairs, held on 13 and 14 May 1996 at
Kingston, Jamaica, and by the seventeenth meeting of the Conference of
Heads of Government of CARICOM, held from 3 to 6 July in Barbados.

9.   In the final communique' of the Standing Committee, the Ministers
agreed that the areas of activities for joint pursuit between CARICOM
and the United Nations should include follow-up to the global
conferences; the advancement of the New International Human Order;
issues related to the law of the sea; follow-up and implementation of
the Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small
Island Developing States; cooperation in the development of poverty
reduction programmes; peacekeeping; diplomatic training; governance
and development in the Caribbean, and strengthening of the Regional
Secretariat Information Base.  They also welcomed the enhanced
cooperation between the CARICOM and United Nations secretariats since
the adoption of General Assembly resolution 49/141, which they
believed would be to the benefit and security of the region.  They
expressed the hope that the activities outlined for cooperation would
be shortly embodied in a cooperation agreement between the two
organizations.

10.  In the final communique' of their seventeenth meeting, the Heads
of Government of CARICOM noted the development of closer relations
between the region and the United Nations, which had been reflected in
the presence of the Secretary-General of CARICOM at the meeting
between the United Nations and regional organizations convened by the
Secretary-General of the United Nations.  They also stressed the
importance of furthering the Community's possible role in the
development of peace and security within the Caribbean region.  They
expressed their appreciation to the Secretary-General of the United
Nations for promoting this heightened level of cooperation.

11.  In letters dated 22 and 25 July 1996, the Chairman of CARICOM,
Prime Minister Lester Bird of Antigua and Barbuda, informed the
Secretary-General that the seventeenth meeting of the Conference of
Heads of Government of CARICOM had mandated him to mediate a solution
to the current difficulties in Saint Kitts and Nevis and that Sir
Alister McIntyre and Sir Shridath Ramphal, former Secretaries-General
of CARICOM and the Commonwealth, respectively, had joined him in the
effort in a Chairman's Group.  In his reply to the Chairman of CARICOM
in a letter dated 2 August 1996, the Secretary-General expressed his
satisfaction at knowing that CARICOM had the matter well in hand, and
noted that its initiative in this matter was fully consistent with the
close collaboration  favoured by the Secretary-General, on the basis
of a division of labour, between the world body and regional
organizations, in accordance with their comparative advantages.

12.  The Department of Political Affairs of the Secretariat is the
focal point for cooperation between the United Nations and regional
organizations.  In January 1996, the Under-Secretary-General for
Political Affairs delegated the responsibility for cooperation with
the regional organizations, including CARICOM, to an Assistant
Secretary-General in the Department of Political Affairs.  Following a
review of this issue, a more flexible mechanism of cooperation and
coordination was introduced.  This mechanism will facilitate more
pragmatic and cost-effective cooperation between the two organizations
through the establishment of focal points within the departments,
offices, programmes and agencies of the United Nations system, and
CARICOM and its associated institutions.

13.  The Department of Political Affairs maintains close contact with
the Permanent Observer of CARICOM to the United Nations, Permanent
Representatives of States members of CARICOM and with officials of the
CARICOM secretariat.  At the invitation of CARICOM, the Department was
represented at the officials-level meeting, which preceded the twenty-
second meeting of the Standing Committee of CARICOM Foreign Ministers
in May 1996.  The Department participates in ongoing consultations
with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the
Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), the Organization of American
States, CARICOM and the University of the West Indies, on arrangements
for a workshop on governance and development in the Caribbean proposed
to be held in early 1997.


           III.  INFORMATION RECEIVED FROM THE UNITED NATIONS SYSTEM

14.  On 15 March 1996, the Assistant Secretary-General for Political
Affairs, in pursuance of paragraph 5 of General Assembly resolution
49/141, dispatched a letter to the heads of departments, programmes,
and offices of the United Nations system requesting them to convey
their contributions for the report of the Secretary-General by 1 June
1996.  A summary of their replies is set out below.


                        1.  United Nations Secretariat

Office of Legal Affairs

15.  At the request of CARICOM, the United Nations Commission on
International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) held a regional seminar on
international trade law in Barbados from 23 to 26 April 1996 which was
attended by approximately 70 persons.  The seminar was funded mainly
by the Trust Fund for UNCITRAL Symposia ($55,000) and the Caribbean
Regional Institutional Strengthening Project ($13,000).  The
Government of Barbados generously provided the conference room
facility, on-site transportation and other miscellaneous goods and
services.

Department of Humanitarian Affairs

16.  The Department of Humanitarian Affairs has pursued close
cooperation with CARICOM in its activities in the Caribbean, notably
in the area of disaster prevention and response.  The United Nations
Disaster Relief Coordinator, a precursor to the Department,
implemented the Pan-Caribbean Disaster Preparedness and Prevention
Project with 28 States/territories in the region during 1981-1991. 
The inception of this project and its activities were carried out in
close cooperation with CARICOM.

17.       When the Pan-Caribbean Disaster Preparedness and Prevention
Project ended, CARICOM adopted a proposal to establish the Caribbean
Disaster Emergency Response Agency (CDERA), based in Barbados.  The
Relief Coordination Branch of the Department of Humanitarian Affairs
has a standing working-level arrangement with the Agency for the
exchange of information on sudden natural disasters, including
hurricanes.

Department of Public Information

18.  The Department of Public Information produced 24 special radio
programmes in Dutch, English and French-Creole between January 1995
and February 1996.  The programmes included the Secretary-General's
message to the Conference of the Heads of Government of the Caribbean
Community, interviews with the Secretary-General of CARICOM as well as
the joint endeavours illustrating the current state of cooperation
between the United Nations and CARICOM.  During the same period, the
Department produced 34 radio programmes in Dutch, English, French and
French-Creole dedicated to issues which concern the small island
States in the Caribbean region.  Several separate special programmes
were produced focusing on the socio-economic development strategies of
States members of CARICOM.

19.  In addition, the Department produced a 30-minute documentary video
in 1995 on issues relating to the sustainable development of small
island States.  In January 1995, a press kit entitled "Programme of
action for small island States" was produced in English; the French
version was made available in March 1995.  The Director of the
Caribbean Office, based in Trinidad and Tobago, continues to serve
CARICOM countries and the CARICOM secretariat.

Office of Conference and Support Services

20.  The Office of Conference and Support Services is ready to provide
training on the organization and delivery of conference services to
the CARICOM secretariat, preferably through properly focused visits of
CARICOM staff to Headquarters which are intended to familiarize them
with conference-servicing operations and are organized on a cost-free
basis for the United Nations.


                      2.  United Nations Children's Fund

21.  During 1995, as in previous years, the UNICEF/Caribbean Area
Office has focused on capacity building, empowerment and
geographically targeted service delivery.  New initiatives, agreed
upon with government and non-government counterparts, are
complementary to objectives set by the Master Plan of Operations and
have centred on social development within the framework of the World
Summit for Children and the Convention on the Rights of the Child. 
The themes will include better parenting, health and family life
education, issues of equity and social justice and improved vocational
skills.  A reprogramming exercise was carried out in mid-1995 and
budget shifts were made within established programmes.  UNICEF and
CARICOM are planning to undertake a major Caribbean-wide conference on
child rights in October 1996.  As part of this process, UNICEF and the
Caribbean Area Office have developed a variety of channels, networks
and alliances in the subregion.  National initiatives have been
improved and enhanced, contributing to the efficiency and
effectiveness of programmes.  Subregional and national concerns were
targeted to help mobilize the whole society and effect behavioural and
attitudinal change.

22.  UNICEF activities in the Caribbean were also extended to respond
to the effects of natural disasters.  In hurricane-affected countries,
UNICEF provided emergency relief administered through a Donors' Group
for Emergency Operations in the Caribbean, which was headed by UNDP
with the Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization as
the coordinator for emergency activities. 

23.  One of UNICEF's main areas of activity is in health and family
life education.  This activity is implemented through a regional,
multi-agency project developed in collaboration with the CARICOM
secretariat and a number of United Nations agencies, including the
United Nations Drug Control Programme.  It seeks to strengthen
in-school and out-of-school preventive education activities in
substance abuse and other health-related areas, by building the
capacity of teachers in the Caribbean to deliver health and family
life education programmes at the primary, secondary and tertiary
levels of the education system.

24.  In 1996, UNICEF programmes for CARICOM countries totalled US$ 5.7
million, including Jamaica, $2.7 million; Guyana, $0.9 million; and
Suriname, $321,000.  The United Kingdom Committee for UNICEF and the
Netherlands National Committee have both been significant contributors
to programmes in the Caribbean.

25.  UNICEF, in collaboration with the United Nations Development Fund
for Women, CARICOM, the Canadian Training Awards Project and the
Caribbean Institute of Mass Communication, University of the West
Indies, is also supporting the development of gender-training modules
and a workbook for media practitioners.  The Institute has also agreed
to design an elective course for its students (Media in gender and
development).

26.  The International Union of Health Promotion and Education was
supported at its fifteenth World Conference in Tokyo by a joint
presentation of UNICEF communications activities, including one from
the Caribbean concerning teen life-skills.  The UNICEF/Caribbean Area
Office was also represented at the Animation for Development symposium
held at Orlando, Florida, in November 1994.  The UNESCO Caribbean
office has begun to sponsor the training of artists in animation and
UNICEF/Caribbean Area Office has maintained contacts with Disney,
Warner Brothers, Hanna Barbera and Proto Zoa animation studios. 


            3.  United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

27.  Since 1994, UNCTAD's cooperation with CARICOM has included
Assistance to Customs Automation, which was first launched in 1989 in
Dominica, Montserrat, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Saint
Lucia.  Other users are Barbados, Belize, Guyana, Suriname and
Trinidad and Tobago.  There are ongoing implementation projects in
Antigua and Barbuda and Saint Kitts and Nevis.  These projects, funded
by the Caribbean Development Bank, the Inter-American Development
Bank, the European Union, UNDP and the Governments of the United
Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the United States of
America, are also established in other Caribbean countries not members
of CARICOM.  While much work remains to be done in each user country
to enhance the utilization and benefits of the Assistance to Customs
Automation project, most comptrollers of customs have reported
important increases in revenues attributable to customs automation. 
They also consider this project to be a catalyst of regional
harmonization and rationalization of customs procedures and
documentation.

28.  The following countries have officially requested the UNCTAD
secretariat to establish a trade point:  Belize, Guyana, Jamaica and
Trinidad and Tobago.  Following a mission carried out by UNCTAD's
Special Programme for Trade Efficiency, the first trade point in a
CARICOM country is expected to be inaugurated in Trinidad in June
1996.  The trade point will be hosted by the Tourism and Industrial
Development Company (TIDCO).  Trade points are also currently being
set up in Jamaica (JAMPRO) and Guyana (Guyana Export Promotion
Council).

29.  UNCTAD provided assistance within the framework of a "training in
the field of foreign trade" (TRAINFORTRADE) project, aimed at
developing regional training capacity for the production and
dissemination of high-quality training programmes in trade and
trade-related services in the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States
(OECS).  TRAINFORTRADE has adapted the course on trade with the
European single market countries to local needs and is financed by the
European Union.  It is implemented jointly with the Eastern Caribbean
States Export Development Agency, based in Dominica, and in
collaboration with the Sir Arthur Lewis Community College of Saint
Lucia.

30.  In addition, UNCTAD, under its programme for the training of
maritime managers (TRAINMAR), has established a network for training
maritime managers in Caribbean States.  The focal point in Guadeloupe
covers OECS countries, as well as Spanish-speaking countries. 
TRAINMAR has consulted CARICOM in the planning of these activities
which, while largely self-financing, received some support from
France.  During 1995, 10 training courses were conducted in OECS
countries; all were open to regional participation and 196
participants attended the courses.

31.  The UNCTAD secretariat organized in January 1995 a subregional
seminar on trade and environment for the Eastern Caribbean countries
which took place in Saint Kitts.  In the context of an UNCTAD-United
Nations Environment Programme joint project on capacity-building on
trade and environment, a country case study on Jamaica was initiated. 
Two representatives from CARICOM also participated in an UNCTAD/Latin
American Economic System regional meeting of experts on trade and
environment that took place at Caracas, Venezuela (25-27 July 1995),
which was jointly supported by UNEP and UNDP.

32.  At the request of the CARICOM secretariat, UNCTAD is assisting in
the implementation of the Caribbean Enterprise Education and
Development Trust Fund Project.  The long-term development objective
of the project is to reduce poverty through the creation and expansion
of small and micro-enterprises throughout the subregion.  UNCTAD has
been requested to assist in framing a strategy for resource
mobilization for this project and trust fund and in implementing the
project through its Entrepreneurship and Technological Development
Programme (EMPRETEC).  Another EMPRETEC Caribbean project , depending
on resource availability, is expected to be formally launched in the
fourth quarter of 1996 with headquarters in Georgetown on the basis of
discussions in Guyana, Trinidad and Tobago and Jamaica.

33.  The UNCTAD secretariat provided organizational support to a
fact-finding mission of representatives of Pacific small island States
to the CARICOM region (9-11 November 1994), led by the Prime Minister
of the Cook Islands and including senior officials from Nauru and the
South Pacific Forum secretariat.  The aim of the mission was to
identify development initiatives by Caribbean small island States,
with particular emphasis on issues of common concern to the Pacific
and the Caribbean islands.

34.  The UNCTAD secretariat has prepared a "Handbook of Economic
Integration and Cooperation Groupings of Developing Countries", which
includes a chapter on CARICOM and the Caribbean Development Bank.  It
has also prepared a study on the implications of the Uruguay Round
results for the world sugar economy, particularly on new alternatives
for developing countries such as the use of risk management and
finance techniques.  This study was presented to the fourth special
Ministerial Conference on Sugar of the African, Caribbean and Pacific
Group of States, held in Jamaica from 28 April to 2 May 1996.  The
Conference also discussed the prospects of a future international
sugar protocol.

35.  UNCTAD'S Debt Management and Financial Analysis System has been
installed in the Central Bank and the Ministry of Finance of Trinidad
and Tobago since 1987.  At present, the system is fully operational
and the authorities have expressed their intention to install the new
version at the end of 1996 or the beginning of 1997. 

36.  A representative of CARICOM participated in the High-level Panel
on Island Developing Countries, organized by the UNCTAD secretariat
and the Department for Policy Coordination and Sustainable Development
of the Secretariat and held in New York on 22 and 23 April 1996, and
contributed to UNCTAD's forthcoming publication, "Island developing
countries:  trade issues and sustainable economic development".


                   4.  United Nations Development Programme

37.  UNDP has responded to the development needs of the Caribbean
Community and Common Market through four country offices in Barbados,
Jamaica, Guyana and Trinidad and Tobago.  In addition to its 10
country programmes, the office in Barbados manages the Multi-island
Programme in support of the eight OECS countries.  The Caribbean
section of the Regional Programme for Latin America and the Caribbean
is managed directly by the Division for the Caribbean at UNDP
headquarters in New York and executed by the secretariat of the
Caribbean Community and Common Market.  In general, UNDP has been
seeking to assist in strengthening human resource capabilities, on
which the development of these countries will largely depend, and its
offices have increasingly involved civil society organizations in the
planning and implementation of project activities at the country
level.

38.  The main channel of UNDP support to CARICOM is the Caribbean
Regional Programme, which is in addition to the indicative planning
figure allocated to individual member countries of CARICOM and to the
Multi-island Programme, which is executed by OECS.  The Caribbean
region is usually allocated some 25 per cent of the total resources
available under the Regional Programme for Latin America and the
Caribbean.  Total financial resources for the subregion from the
Fourth Regional Programme for the period 1992-1996 amount to
approximately $7.1 million.  Meetings are held frequently between the
Division for the Caribbean of the Regional Bureau for Latin America
and the Caribbean and CARICOM.  As a result of these contacts, the
Regional Programme has succeeded in absorbing some important findings
of the mid-term review held in 1995, namely:  focusing of the
programme areas, government participation and better links between the
Regional Programme for Latin America and the Caribbean.  It is
envisaged that future activities will concentrate on poverty
elimination and social development, trade and international
competitiveness, and CARICOM integration.

39.  A number of regional institutions - the Caribbean Disaster
Emergency Response Agency (CDERA), the Caribbean News Agency (CANA),
the Caribbean Food Corporation and the Consortium Graduate School of
Social Sciences - have benefited from support by UNDP and have
themselves helped to shape appropriate policies and strategies for the
countries.  UNDP support has always been based on national/regional
plans and priorities and is primarily focused on five thematic areas: 
(a) disaster preparedness and management; (b) human resource
development; (c) the strengthening of integration processes and
mechanisms; (d) culture and people-oriented dimension of integration;
and (e) modernization of the productive sector, innovation and
competitiveness.

40.  In the area of policy development, the Programme has supported a
series of regional workshops and consultations which led to the
preparation of a regional economic strategy for the 1990s and beyond. 
This regional strategy has led to the harmonization of economic
policies.  In following up the recommendations of the West Indian
Commission, UNDP continues to pave the way for the introduction of the
CARICOM Single Market and Economy, among others.  UNDP support has
enabled the region to better formulate and concretize its positions in
respect of the multilateral trade negotiations package for the Uruguay
Round and beyond.

41.  As regards policy implementation, UNDP support has made possible
the establishment of a regional entity, the Caribbean Food
Corporation, for the promotion of agro-business.  This public/private
sector body has contributed to a substantial increase in the exports
of non-traditional agricultural products, as well as to the foreign
exchange earnings of the region.

42.  The Consortium Graduate School of Social Sciences, based in
Jamaica, is another example where UNDP assistance has had a regional
impact.  Endorsed by the Heads of Government of CARICOM to meet the
need for multidisciplinary policy research and analysis of the
problems of Caribbean development, the School has turned out a cadre
of professionals working in government and the private sector,
international agencies, universities and other tertiary institutions
in the Caribbean.  In the future, the School will most likely play an
important role in fashioning regional responses to poverty eradication
in the follow-up to the World Conference for Social Development.

43.  Several elements of the Regional Programme were utilized to forge
and cement links between CARICOM and the wider Caribbean basin,
particularly in the areas of private sector support services,
biotechnology, cultural preservation, regional integration and, more
recently, in the area of governance.

44.  UNDP has assisted CARICOM in formalizing arrangements for free
trade and economic cooperation among the Caribbean countries and
territories of the Caribbean basin through the Association of
Caribbean States (ACS).  The creation of a potential market of some
204 million people, with an estimated gross domestic product (GDP) of
$500 billion and annual trade in the amount of some $180 million, has
brought the Caribbean integration and cooperation efforts to a new
level.

45.  At present, UNDP provides support to the CANA Satellite News
Network to assist in more cost-effective delivery of news and
information to the region.  In accordance with the conclusions of the
United Nations Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II), UNDP also
provides support to the strengthening of the capacity of CARICOM
countries in the field of human settlements development and
management, in the implementation of the Programme of Action for the
Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States and the
Action Plan for the Human Settlements Sector in the Caribbean.

46.  The Programme of Action adopted by the Global Conference on the
Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States (Barbados,
25 April-6 May 1994) received particular attention from UNDP.  This
includes the establishment of a collaborative network (SIDS/NET) to
facilitate access by small island developing States to vital
environmental information, and the implementation of a technical
assistance programme (SIDS/TAP), based on a regional assessment of
unfunded technical cooperation, to promote interregional and
intraregional cooperation on sustainable development.  In order to
enhance the coordination of follow-up activities in the Caribbean, a
joint CARICOM/ECLAC/UNDP consultative mechanism was established in
Trinidad.


                 5.  United Nations Development Fund for Women

47.  In 1995, during the preparatory process for the Fourth World
Conference on Women at Beijing, the Regional Advisory Committee (RAC),
of which CARICOM was a member, worked with UNIFEM in the Caribbean on
the coordination of the process.  CARICOM monitored the preparation of
the national reports on the status of women and funded some parts of
UNIFEM's Caribbean Communications Strategy for the Conference.  The
Strategy was aimed at preparing national and regional media to cover
the Conference and preparing parliamentarians and other delegates to
participate in it.  To this end, UNIFEM, ECLAC and CARICOM
co-sponsored a retreat on conference diplomacy and negotiations in
July in Barbados.  The Committee was also the main funder of a gender
analysis training workshop for media professionals held in Saint
Vincent and the Grenadines in June.  UNIFEM staff participated in the
seventh meeting of CARICOM Ministers Responsible for the Integration
of Women in Development in the Bahamas in May.  UNIFEM has received a
request from CARICOM to organize a meeting of RAC in 1996 on the draft
CARICOM platform for action and is in the process of finalizing the
date for the meeting.


                      6.  United Nations Population Fund

48.  Between 1992 and 1994, CARICOM served as executing and
implementing agency for various UNFPA-funded projects to assist member
countries of CARICOM to undertake the 1990 population and housing
census, train staff and support utilization of census data in
development planning.  In this regard, UNFPA has collaborated with
CARICOM in the field of population and development.  It is currently
supporting two CARICOM projects undertaking population censuses
($405,593) and census data analysis ($339,489).  Total UNFPA
assistance for CARICOM has been $1,512,532 to date, including the
former census project with CARICOM ($767,450), in addition to the
above-mentioned projects.

49.  Linkages at the policy level are being sought.  In July 1995, the
CARICOM Heads of Government approved the Subregional Caribbean Plan of
Action on Population and Development.  CARICOM was represented at the
preparatory meeting for a new programme cycle for the English-speaking
Caribbean States, which took place in Jamaica from 29 February to 1
March 1996.  CARICOM will be consulted as part of the Programme Review
and Strategy Development activity.

50.  The new Caribbean Programme of UNFPA Development Cooperation will
continue to strengthen collaboration with CARICOM in the 1997-2000
programme cycle.


            7.  United Nations International Drug Control Programme

51.  The CARICOM secretariat and the Regional Office of the United
Nations International Drug Control Programme (UNDCP) in Barbados
maintain regular contact in order to exchange information on
operational issues and to expand cooperation and coordination between
both organizations.

52.  The Community participated in several UNDCP projects, including
the Drug Control Legal Training Programme, which was executed by the
University of the West Indies and concluded in December 1995.  CARICOM
was a member of the Project Advisory Committee of that Programme.

53.  CARICOM participated fully in the Regional Meeting on Drug Control
Cooperation in the Caribbean, which was organized by UNDCP at
Bridgetown, Barbados, from 15 to 17 May 1996.  The meeting adopted the
Plan of Action for Drug Control Coordination and Cooperation in the
Caribbean, which outlined measures aimed at better national
coordination bodies, legislation, law enforcement, demand reduction
and maritime cooperation in the field of drug control.  The
implementation of the Plan of Action will require mechanisms for
closer regional and international coordination and cooperation, as
well as the strengthening of existing structures.  It is envisaged
that CARICOM will play an important role in facilitating the
implementation of the Plan of Action.


               8.  United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

54.  UNHCR has sought and obtained the support of the CARICOM
secretariat to ensure accession to the 1951 Convention relating to the
Status of Refugees and its 1967 Protocol by States members of CARICOM
that have not yet done so.

55.  Support has also been sought for the UNHCR proposal to members of
CARICOM that have adhered to the 1951 Convention regarding
harmonization of existing refugee national legislation for the
implementation of the above-mentioned international instruments.


                 9.  International Research and Training Institute
                     for the Advancement of Women 

56.  While INSTRAW has not carried out any specific programmes with the
Caribbean Community during the biennium 1995-1996, the Institute
hosted a workshop on women and sustainable development in Santo
Domingo on 17 March 1995 as part of phase II of INSTRAW's special
project on development of communications materials for women in
development.

57.  One of INSTRAW's core programmes of work for the biennium
1996-1997, "Women, media and communications", encompasses a
subprogramme on empowering women through the use of computer-mediated
communication technologies, aimed at women's organizations in the
South.  INSTRAW will carry out research to identify why most women's
organizations do not take advantage of the potential benefits of such
technologies and identify means by which women's organizations can use
these technologies to their full potential in their daily work.  A
user-friendly manual will be prepared which will be tested in two
national workshops to be held in Barbados and the Dominican Republic.


                    10.  International Labour Organization

58.  In May 1982, ILO and CARICOM signed an agreement which sought to
ensure closer collaboration between the two organizations in all
matters arising in the spheres of labour, social policy and related
matters of mutual interest.  Within the framework of this agreement,
it was agreed that ILO and CARICOM would keep each other informed of
the development of their respective activities with regard to social
questions; participate in each other's meetings as observers; and
cooperate in the collection, analysis, publication and diffusion of
statistical information.  Under the agreement, CARICOM may request ILO
to act as executing agency for operational technical cooperation
activities.

59.  To ensure closer collaboration and cooperation between the two
organizations, the Directorate of the ILO Caribbean Office and the
CARICOM secretariat are in constant contact to discuss matters of
mutual concern.  In addition, dissemination of information is
maintained through the exchange of newsletters and other periodic
publications.

60.  The ILO Caribbean Office is currently engaged in the development
of a data bank on labour issues and has been carrying out liaison with
the CARICOM secretariat for the provision of any relevant data.  One
output will be the regular publication of a series of labour market
indicators, which is expected by the end of 1996.

61.  The ILO is invited to participate as an observer in the following
CARICOM meetings:  Standing Committee of Ministers Responsible for
Labour, Standing Committee of Ministers Responsible for the
Integration of Women in Development, Standing Committee of Ministers
Responsible for Education, CARICOM Regional Advisory Committee for
Technical and Vocational Education and Training, meeting of CARICOM
Heads of Social Security, and Standing Committee of Caribbean
Statisticians.

62.  In response to views expressed by ministers of labour at the
thirteenth meeting of the Standing Committee of Ministers Responsible
for Labour in 1995, on the need to meet more frequently to consider
regional and international developments in the labour field, ILO, in
collaboration with the CARICOM secretariat, convened a meeting of
Caribbean Ministers Responsible for Labour in April 1996.

63.  As a result of discussions on issues arising from the World Summit
for Social Development, the sixteenth meeting of CARICOM heads of
Government in 1995 requested the CARICOM secretariat to organize a
regional economic and social conference to be held in the second half
of 1996.  The CARICOM secretariat has requested the assistance of ILO
in the preparation of the Conference.

64.  A ministerial meeting on poverty eradication will be convened by
ILO, ECLAC and other United Nations agencies in Antigua in September
1996.  This meeting is a follow-up to the World Summit for Social
Development and is expected to review the Copenhagen Plan of Action
from the standpoint of issues of particular concern to countries of
the Caribbean.  CARICOM will be among the sponsoring agencies.

65.  Within the framework of the CARICOM project on model legislation
to improve the legal status of women in CARICOM, ILO has commented on
draft legislation on equal pay for work of equal value and equality of
opportunity and treatment for women in employment for CARICOM
countries.

66.  In addition, with the assistance of ILO, the CARICOM secretariat
prepared a project on public education programmes on legal rights of
women, funded by the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation
(NORAD).  Under this project, ILO engaged the services of an external
collaborator to prepare a handbook entitled "Women, Labour and the
Law" based on CARICOM's model legislation and relevant ILO
international labour standards.  Upon finalization of the handbook,
the CARICOM secretariat, in collaboration with ILO, organized and
conducted a workshop on information and legal strategies on women
workers' rights in 1995.

67.  In the framework of the CARICOM project on harmonization of labour
legislation, ILO provided assistance to the CARICOM secretariat in
drafting model legislation.  The first draft was approved by the
Standing Committee of Ministers Responsible for Labour at its
thirteenth meeting in 1995.

68.  In pursuance of its commitment to promoting the harmonization of
regional labour legislation, the Standing Committee of Ministers
Responsible for Labour requested in 1995 that work on developing
models continue.  The next topic designated to be the subject of model
legislation is occupational safety and health, which is scheduled to
be submitted to the Standing Committee for approval in 1997.

69.  At the request of the CARICOM secretariat, ILO undertook a
feasibility study on establishing a regional actuarial capability, and
on the basis of the report prepared a project to support the
establishment of the CARICOM Actuarial Service (CAS).  The project was
approved by the seventh meeting of Heads of CARICOM Social Security
Organizations in March 1996.

70.  A study on terms and conditions of employment of teachers funded
by ILO at the primary and general secondary levels, including
technical and vocational schools, in both the public and private
sectors in selected CARICOM member States was presented to a UNESCO
meeting in 1996 and is being finalized for publication.

71.  CARICOM has endorsed the ILO initiative on a Caribbean regional
technical support programme to promote training and employment
opportunities for persons with disabilities.  Preliminary activities
under this programme began in 1996.

72.  In addition, ILO is a member of the CARICOM Regional Advisory
Committee for the implementation of the CARICOM Regional Strategy for
Technical and Vocational Education and Training, which was adopted by
the eighth meeting of the Standing Committee of Ministers Responsible
for Education.  The Strategy provides a cohesive framework for
developing, improving and coordinating technical and vocational
education and training in the region.


                  11.  United Nations Educational, Scientific and
                       Cultural Organization

73.  UNESCO and CARICOM signed a cooperation agreement in 1980.  During
the period under review, UNESCO organized, with the collaboration of
CARICOM, a regional workshop (Guyana, 10-17 March 1995) aimed at
assisting the States members of the Community in building and
improving national capabilities for the systematic production and
dissemination of education statistics and the development of common
education indicators.  UNESCO was also represented at the meeting of
CARICOM Ministers Responsible for Education and Culture at Kingston,
Jamaica, in May 1996.


        12.  Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization

74.  The issue of a formal agreement between PAHO and CARICOM was
raised on several occasions, and a decision to proceed was finally
reached in 1982 between the then Director of PAHO, Dr. Acun~a, and Dr.
King, then Secretary-General of CARICOM, and it was revised in 1983. 
A Memorandum of Understanding for the Joint Execution of the
Commonwealth Caribbean Regional Project for the Education and Training
of Allied Health Personnel was signed in 1984.

75.  The PAHO/CARICOM relationships guided by the 1983 Agreement
emphasized joint activities as the two organizations function as the
secretariat for the Caribbean Cooperation in Health Initiative.  PAHO
and CARICOM jointly assist in the promotion of projects and their
development for the Initiative.  They also develop annual work plans
that define promotional activities and assign responsibilities, except
for those activities conducted nationally.  Finally, together they are
responsible for providing information about the Initiative and its
development and for monitoring and evaluation purposes.

76.  CARICOM is an observer at meetings of the governing bodies of PAHO
and other meetings.  Similarly, PAHO is an observer at the meetings of
the Conference of CARICOM Ministers Responsible for Health and related
meetings.

77.  CARICOM participated in the two meetings held every year with the
PAHO senior managers in the Caribbean.  The Caribbean Cooperation in
Health Initiative has been a permanent agenda item at these meetings,
in which the work plans and other aspects of the Initiative are
discussed and developed.  PAHO staff also attended CARICOM programme
meetings at which the Health Section plans and possible PAHO input
were presented.  PAHO included in its budget funds to assist CARICOM,
particularly in the organization and follow-up of the ministerial
meetings.  

78.  Technical support provided by PAHO on a regular basis includes
support for:  the establishment of a common registration examination
for nurses; the Caribbean Regional Drug Testing Laboratory; the
Caribbean Environmental Health Institute; the Commonwealth Caribbean
Medical Research Council; and the University of the West Indies.  PAHO
has just signed an agreement with CARICOM and UNDP to execute a
project for public education on health issues.  PAHO also provides
technical support to, and management of, the subregional centres, the
Caribbean Epidemiology Centre and the Caribbean Food and Nutrition
Institute.  There has been close collaboration in the programme for
HIV/AIDS and in human resource development.

79.  The relationship between PAHO and CARICOM has been to the benefit
of health in the Caribbean.  The effectiveness of the collaboration
has improved during the last decade because of the following:  the
focus for concerted action provided by the Caribbean Cooperation in
Health Initiative; the conviction at the highest levels of both
organizations that cooperation is desirable and feasible; better
understanding on the part of both secretariats of the missions and
constitutional responsibilities of the two organizations; ministerial
support for collaborative action; and the presence of the Office of
the Caribbean Programme Coordinator with staff oriented towards
cooperation with CARICOM.


                       13.  International Monetary Fund

80.  Cooperation between the International Monetary Fund and CARICOM is
mostly carried out within the multilateral framework of the Caribbean
Group for Cooperation in Economic Development chaired by the World
Bank.  In addition, the Fund supports CARICOM's work directly through
financial assistance to the Caribbean Centre for Monetary Studies
(CCMS) and its participation, through its Research Department, in a
study on the special problems posed for small and micro-island
economies being undertaken by CCMS.


                  14.  International Telecommunication Union

81.  Apart from direct cooperation with CARICOM, ITU also cooperates
with various CARICOM organizations such as the Caribbean
Telecommunications Union (CTU) and the Caribbean Disaster Emergency
Response Agency (CDERA).

82.  Among its other activities, ITU collaborated with CARICOM, UNDP
and the Caribbean News Agency (CANA) in the implementation of the
project for the establishment of the Regional Satellite News Network,
and participated in CARICOM meetings on telecommunication matters of
importance to information and communication in the Caribbean
(Georgetown, Guyana, May 1995), and in the first CARICOM meeting of
the Standing Committee of Ministers Responsible for Information (Saint
Kitts and Nevis, December 1995).

83.  In 1996, ITU participated or will participate in the Regional
Information Infrastructure Task Force; follow-up to the CARICOM
Working Group on Telecommunications Issues, and the CARICOM Working
Group on New Developments in Telecommunications.  During 1995 and 1996
ITU also sponsored a wide variety of workshops, training courses,
consultancies and other activities furthering telecommunications
policy and its practical application within the Caribbean region.


                   15.  International Maritime Organization

84.  Pursuant to their Agreement of Cooperation of 6 September 1985,
IMO and CARICOM have established and maintained consultations and
working arrangements to initiate or advance projects and activities
for the benefit of the States and Territories in the wider Caribbean
region.

85.  Through its regional consultant on marine pollution, port safety
and security posted in Puerto Rico, IMO is currently assisting States
and territories in the preparation of contingency plans for responding
to maritime incidents involving spillage of oil and other hazardous
substances.  In this context, within the framework of the
International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness and Response,
adopted under the auspices of IMO in 1990, and the UNDP Caribbean Plan
of Action for Protection of the Marine Environment, IMO organized a
meeting of government-designated experts of the Caribbean region on
oil spill contingency planning, held at Curac'ao, Netherlands
Antilles, from 23 to 27 November 1992.  The Governments in the region
also have access to advisory services, training, research and
information services under the IMO subprogramme for the protection of
the marine environment (1992-1995).

86.  Between 1980 and 1994, IMO fielded a regional maritime safety
adviser in the Caribbean to assist the countries and territories of
the subregion that are members of CARICOM.  The project activities
included the establishment of maritime administrations, the
development of shipping legislation, the implementation of national
maritime safety programmes and the examination and certification of
seafarers.

87.  IMO has recently completed a major programme in the Caribbean to
develop a regional agreement on port State control aimed at ensuring
higher safety standards in shipping and prevention of marine pollution
from ships operating in the area.  CARICOM was involved in this
process and participated actively in a meeting held in Barbados in
February 1996 at which the Agreement on Port State Control was signed
by the island nations and territories concerned.  In the context of
this programme, IMO trained Caribbean ship inspectors to carry out
port State control functions in preparation for the implementation of
the Agreement, and a further training programme has been developed to
provide sufficient inspectors throughout the subregion.


             16.  International Fund for Agricultural Development

88.  Total IFAD lending to the member countries of CARICOM, including
two projects approved at the Executive Board meeting last April,
amounts to $42.62 million.

89.  The main objective of the recently approved rural enterprise
projects for Dominica and Saint Lucia is to offer smallholders and
other poor rural households, particularly households headed by women,
the option to broaden their income base and reduce risk through the
encouragement of a wide range of productive activities, both on- and
off-farm.  This objective supports the Governments' policies regarding
national economic diversification and support for farmers marginalized
by the changing banana industry.  Two central elements of the
projects' strategy to address constraints would be:  (a) to strengthen
the market for rural services, on both the supply and the demand side;
and (b) to maximize the participation of poor rural households in
project decision-making.  The "rural enterprise" approach from which
both projects borrow their title is meant to encourage rural
households to consider all on- and off-farm activities as businesses.

90.  New projects for Belize and Guyana are already in the pipeline and
scheduled for submission to the Executive Board in April 1997 and
December 1996, respectively.  Studies for inclusion in the pipeline of
a new project for Jamaica are envisaged for 1997.


            17.  United Nations Industrial Development Organization

91.  Substantive cooperation between UNIDO and CARICOM was focused
during 1995 on two joint projects:  preparatory assistance for the
strengthening of the training capability of the Caribbean subregion
for human resources development for industry and a workshop on the
implications of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) for
CARICOM industry.

92.  Draft project reports were finalized during meetings held in
Barbados in April 1995 and in Jamaica in November 1995, respectively,
both with participants 

including representatives of most Caribbean countries, the private
sector and bilateral and multilateral development institutions.  The
NAFTA workshop included participants from Canada, Mexico and the
United States.  Follow-up proposals agreed on at those meetings are
being developed for implementation.


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Date last posted: 28 December 1999 17:35:10
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