United Nations

A/51/297


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

19 August 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


                                                        A/51/297
                                                              

General Assembly
Fifty-first session
Item 22 of the provisional agenda*

*   A/51/150.


                COOPERATION BETWEEN THE UNITED NATIONS AND THE
                        ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES

                        Report of the Secretary-General


                                   CONTENTS

                                                              Paragraphs Page

 I.   INTRODUCTION .........................................       1      3

II.   IMPLEMENTATION OF GENERAL ASSEMBLY RESOLUTION 49/5 ...     2 - 67   3

      A. Joint activities .................................      2 - 6    3

      B. Consultations and exchange of information ........      7 - 14   4

      C. Information received from the United Nations
          system ...........................................    15 - 67   5

         1.   United Nations Secretariat ...................    16 - 28   5

         2.   Office of the United Nations High Commissioner
              for Human Rights .............................       29     8

         3.   United Nations University ....................       30     8

         4.   Economic Commission for Latin America and the
              Caribbean ....................................    31 - 37   8

         5.   World Food Programme .........................    38 - 40  10

         6.   United Nations International Drug Control
              Programme ....................................    41 - 44  10

         7.   United Nations International Research and
              Training Institute for the Advancement of
              Women ........................................    45 - 53  11

         8.   United Nations Educational, Scientific and
              Cultural Organization ........................    54 - 58  12

         9.   International Civil Aviation Organization ....       59    13

         10.  International Monetary Fund ..................       60    14

         11.  International Maritime Organization ..........    61 - 62  14

         12.  United Nations Conference on Trade and
              Development ..................................    63 - 67  14

Annex.  Cooperation Agreement between the Secretariat of the United
        Nations and the General Secretariat of the Organization of
        American States ................................................ 16

                               I.  INTRODUCTION


1.   The present report on cooperation between the United Nations and
the Organization of American States (OAS) has been prepared pursuant
to paragraph 11 of General Assembly resolution 49/5 of 21 October 1994
and outlines the measures taken to implement the resolution.


            II.  IMPLEMENTATION OF GENERAL ASSEMBLY RESOLUTION 49/5

                             A.  Joint activities

2.   The joint United Nations/OAS International Civilian Mission to
Haiti (MICIVIH) continued to be the main vehicle of cooperation
between the two Organizations.  The mandate of the United Nations
component of MICIVIH was established by the General Assembly in its
resolution 47/20 B on 20 April 1993 and was subsequently extended by
resolutions 48/275 of 8 July 1994, 49/27 B of 12 July 1995 and 50/86 B
of 19 April 1996.

3.   The coordination of the operations of MICIVIH continued to be
carried out by the Joint Working Group on MICIVIH, comprising
representatives from the United Nations Secretariat, including the
Departments of Political Affairs, Peacekeeping Operations, Legal
Affairs, and Administration and Management, as well as representatives
of the General Secretariat of OAS.

4.   The Executive Director of MICIVIH reports to the Secretary-General
of the United Nations through his Special Representative and directly
to the Secretary-General of OAS.  The Special Representative of the
Secretary-General for Haiti is responsible for coordinating the work
of the United Nations Support Mission in Haiti (UNSMIH), which
replaced the United Nations Mission in Haiti (UNMIH) on 1 July 1996
pursuant to Security Council resolution 1063 (1996) of 28 June 1996,
and MICIVIH.  MICIVIH's knowledge of local issues, field experience
and linguistic skills have been of considerable utility to both UNMIH
and UNSMIH.  Mechanisms have been put in place at all levels of the
missions to facilitate coordination and the exchange of information. 
MICIVIH works closely, in particular, with the civilian police
component of UNSMIH on matters pertaining to the detention and
treatment of prisoners, as well as other human rights issues,
including human rights training of the Haitian National Police. 
UNSMIH provides administrative and logistic support to MICIVIH, while
the Departments of Peacekeeping Operations and Political Affairs
support both missions from New York.

5.   Within the framework of their cooperation in Haiti, both
Organizations worked closely together to support the holding of
legislative and municipal (June-October 1995), and presidential
(December 1995) elections there.  In accordance with an understanding
between them, the United Nations, through UNMIH, provided technical
assistance to help the Provisional Electoral Council organize the
elections, while OAS, through its Electoral Observer Mission,
undertook to monitor the electoral process, including the election
campaigns and the voting.  MICIVIH closely monitored the human rights
aspects of the campaigns and in that context offered mediation in
cases of disputes between candidates or their supporters.  UNMIH and
MICIVIH also provided logistic support for the electoral observation
activities.

6.   In addition, in March 1996, the Resident Auditor of the Office of
Internal Oversight Services of the United Nations, at the request of
the Inspector-General of OAS, conducted a review of MICIVIH, to verify
certain costs and the share attributed to OAS.


                 B.  Consultations and exchange of information

7.   During the reporting period, the Secretary-General of the United
Nations and the Secretary-General of OAS met on several occasions. 
Secretary-General Ce'sar Gaviria assumed office in October 1994, and
visited the United Nations shortly thereafter.  At the third general
meeting between representatives of the United Nations system and OAS
held at United Nations Headquarters on 17 and 18 April 1995 both
Secretaries-General made opening statements.  They also signed an
agreement of cooperation between the two Secretariats (annex I).  The
report of the meeting, containing its conclusions and recommendations,
was issued as document UN/OAS/GM3/INF.5.

8.   In October 1995, the Secretary-General of OAS attended the special
commemorative meeting of the General Assembly on the occasion of the
fiftieth anniversary of the United Nations and made a statement (see
A/50/PV.40).

9.   The Department of Political Affairs is the focal point for
cooperation between the United Nations and regional organizations.  In
January 1996, the Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs
delegated the responsibility for cooperation with OAS to an Assistant
Secretary-General in the Department of Political Affairs.  Following a
review of methods of cooperation with regional organizations,
including OAS, a more flexible mechanism of cooperation and
coordination was introduced.  This mechanism, which was discussed with
OAS, will facilitate more pragmatic and cost-effective cooperation
between the two Organizations.  The mechanism provides for focal
points within the departments, offices, programmes and agencies of the
United Nations system, allowing for direct contacts between the OAS
General Secretariat and substantive offices in the United Nations
system in areas under their respective responsibility.

10.  On 14 February 1996, the Secretary-General of OAS participated in
the meeting between the United Nations and regional organizations and
arrangements with which the United Nations has had cooperation in
preventive diplomacy, peacemaking and peacekeeping, which had been
convened by the Secretary-General to discuss modalities and principles
for such cooperation and new, practical and more effective ways of
working together.

11.  In a letter dated 15 March 1995 addressed to the Secretary-General
of the United Nations, the Secretary-General of OAS proposed that
general procedures and a consultative mechanism regarding election
monitoring in the Americas be discussed.  He also noted that OAS was
interested in strengthening its conflict analysis and management
capabilities and proposed a mechanism for sharing its experiences in
that area.  Suggesting further discussions on those matters between
senior officials of the two Organizations, the Secretary-General of
the United Nations, in his reply of 6 May 1996, noted with
satisfaction the consensus reached at the February meeting with
regional organizations on the need for agreed, although not
necessarily formal, mechanisms for consultations and the importance of
a well-defined and agreed division of labour, mutual diplomatic
support and the avoidance of a multiplicity of negotiators.  In that
context he drew attention to the several areas of practical
collaboration that existed between the two Organizations.

12.  In accordance with the terms of the agreement of cooperation
signed by the two Secretaries-General on 17 April 1995 (see annex),
representatives of both Organizations and their associated
institutions continue to attend each other's meetings, exchange
information and cooperate on matters of mutual interest.

13.  The United Nations was represented in an observer capacity at the
twenty-fifth and twenty-sixth regular sessions of the OAS General
Assembly, held in Haiti and Panama, in June 1995 and 1996,
respectively.

14.  The United Nations and OAS, together with the Caribbean Community
(CARICOM), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the Inter-
American Development Bank (IDB) and the University of the West Indies
are currently discussing co-sponsoring a workshop on governance and
development in the Caribbean proposed for early 1997.


            C.  Information received from the United Nations system

15.  In response to a request by the Department of Political Affairs,
the heads of agencies, programmes, departments and offices of the
United Nations system supplied the information summarized below.


                        1.  United Nations Secretariat

Office of Internal Oversight Services

16.  In March 1996, a delegation of senior officials from OAS,
including the Organization's Inspector-General, visited the United
Nations and met with senior officials of the Office of Internal
Oversight Services, among others.

17.  The Inspector-General was thoroughly briefed about the respective
functions of the Office and was provided with copies of inspection and
evaluation reports issued over the last two years.  The Inspector-
General was also provided with the Administrative Instructions on
Reporting of Inappropriate Use of United Nations Resources and
Proposals for Improvement of Programme Delivery.

18.  The importance of recruiting trained investigative staff for
developing a sound investigative capacity was emphasized.  The Office
of Internal Oversight Services agreed to provide the Inspector-General
with the procedure manual and terms of reference for conducting
investigations when those documents were completed.  The protocols of
conducting investigations and the issues of access to records and
confidentiality were also discussed.  It was agreed that further
consultation on specific matters would be useful to OAS.

Department of Humanitarian Affairs

19.  The Department of Humanitarian Affairs has pursued close
cooperation with OAS in its activities in the Americas, notably in the
area of disaster mitigation and response, as seen in the following
examples.

20.  The Department's United Nations Disaster Assessment and
Coordination Team was enlarged to include a regional group covering
the Americas.  OAS participated in a regional meeting held by the
Department in Ecuador in June 1995.  The Department's International
Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction office also helped organize,
together with OAS, the World Bank, the Economic Commission for Latin
America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) and the Government of Mexico, an
international conference on disaster mitigation in hospitals, held in
March 1996.  The Disaster Mitigation Branch of the Department of
Humanitarian Affairs, in cooperation with UNDP in Barbados, is
planning a regional workshop on disaster preparedness and mitigation
and is formulating a disaster mitigation project for Jamaica.  Both
projects will be prepared and implemented in close cooperation with
OAS.

21.  On the issue of landmines, the Department noted that 110 million
landmines were currently scattered in 68 countries around the world
and that OAS could be a forum to further progress towards the goal of
a total ban on landmines in the Americas.  Numerous countries in the
region, including Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua
and Peru, have first-hand experience with the problem caused by these
cheap and simple weapons.  The call upon OAS member States to declare
and implement a moratorium contained in the resolution adopted by the
OAS General Assembly on 7 June 1996 represents a significant and
encouraging step towards a worldwide ban.

Department of Policy Coordination and Sustainable Development

22.  The Department of Policy Coordination and Sustainable Development
does not have any cooperation activities with OAS as yet.  However, it
anticipates joint activities with OAS in monitoring the implementation
of the declarations and programmes of action adopted by the World
Summit for Social Development and the Fourth World Conference on Women
at the regional level.

23.  Cooperation is also envisaged in the areas of eradication of
poverty, elimination of violence against women and joint referencing
of relevant information sources on the Department's Web page at the
following address:  http://www.un.org/dpcsd.  In addition, the
Department expects to collaborate with OAS in the convening of the
presidential summit on sustainable development in the Americas.

Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis

24.  The Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy
Analysis has not as yet developed any joint programmes with OAS. 
However, some of the data and research carried out by the Department
in the areas of macroeconomics, statistics and population could be of
substantive use to the work of the members and the General Secretariat
of OAS.

25.  Among the most relevant contributions are the annual World
Population Monitoring Report that analyses specific themes identified
in the Programme of Action of the International Conference on
Population and Development for all countries in the world, and
Abortion Policies, a compilation of measures adopted by Governments
around the world.  Another useful tool in the social sector for Latin
American Governments is The World's Women 1995:  Trends and
Statistics, which represents information on women's status, families,
education and childbearing.  In the macroeconomic sector, the
Department every year releases the outcome of its analysis, research
and discussion on economic and social policies around the world in the
World Economic and Social Survey, a document that could also be
considered useful to the member States of OAS.  Another major
contribution of the Department, made possible with the collaboration
of the European Union (EU), the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and
the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), is
the new system of national accounts (1993).  The Department has
developed a coordinating support system to the SNA 1993 to help
countries strengthen their capabilities.  It includes training
seminars, workshops and technical cooperation activities, several of
them having taken place in member countries of OAS.

Department of Public Information

26.  The meeting of the Secretary-General with the heads of regional
organizations, held at New York on 15 February 1996, was highlighted
by the Department's daily news programmes for broadcasting
organizations worldwide and received emphasis in its press release
service (English and French).

27.  The third general meeting on 17 April 1995 between the
Secretariats of OAS and the United Nations was covered by the
Department of Public Information.  The coverage included the
photographs of the signing of the Cooperative Agreement between the
United Nations and OAS, video coverage of the opening session and of
the press briefing held on that occasion.  The Department produced 73
special radio programmes on the international presence in Haiti
between January 1995 and February 1996, including the activities of
MICIVIH and the elections, in whose organization and observation the
United Nations and OAS worked closely together.  The programmes
focused on the observation by MICIVIH of the election campaigns and by
the OAS Electoral Observer Mission of the election and voting
processes.

Department of Administration and Management

28.  During the period under review, senior officials of OAS visited
the United Nations and held discussions with officials of the
Department of Administration and Management on administrative,
personnel and budgetary issues.  In that context the Deputy Chief of
Staff and the Director of Human Resources of OAS participated in the
work of the International Civil Service Commission, including the
eighty-third session of the Consultative Committee on Administrative
Questions at the United Nations on 20 and 21 July 1995.


                2.  Office of the United Nations High Commissioner
                    for Human Rights

29.  The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human
Rights and the Centre for Human Rights are conducting technical
cooperation programmes in the following member States of OAS: 
Argentina, Bolivia, El Salvador, Haiti, Mexico and Paraguay.  Under
discussion are projected technical cooperation needs assessment
missions to Chile, Ecuador/Peru and Guatemala.  In addition, the
Centre will provide support for a seminar on human rights education to
be held in Costa Rica during 1996 and has advised the Governments of
Brazil and Panama on the establishment of their national human rights
plan and of an ombudsman, respectively.  At the subregional level, the
Centre is working with the Andean Commission of Jurists on judicial
reform, the human rights training of judges and police, and the
appointment of ombudsmen.  Within Central America and Panama the
Centre is cooperating in programmes of prison reform and police
training.  Finally, in response to a request by the Government of
Colombia, which was endorsed in a statement by the Chairman of the
Commission on Human Rights of the United Nations, the Centre is in
advanced stages of the preparation of proposals for the establishment
in Bogota of a High Commissioner's office with the mandate to provide
human rights technical cooperation and protection.


                         3.  United Nations University

30.  The United Nations University (UNU) has signed an agreement of
cooperation with OAS with special focus on human resource development. 
The University has been working with scholars and institutions in
States members of OAS in the area of biotechnology, through
postgraduate training, scientific exchanges and fellowships and in the
joint preparation and distribution of publications.  Under the UNU
training and fellowship programme, some 427 young scholars from the
OAS region have been trained in various priority areas, including
development, environment, peace and governance and science and
technology.


          4.  Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean

31.  The need to coordinate the activities of the Economic Commission
for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) with the economic and
social tasks of OAS has been recognized and an ECLAC liaison office
has been set up at OAS headquarters.  As OAS has expanded its tasks
into areas such as drug abuse control or felt the need for closer
cooperation, as in the field of statistics, this has led to the
adoption of specific measures to increase coordination.

32.  The emergence of a new hemispheric agenda centred on economic and
social issues from the Summit of the Americas has led to the
reactivation of mechanisms for cooperation between ECLAC, OAS and IDB. 
ECLAC has therefore maintained and strengthened its working relations
and contacts with OAS during the period under review.  OAS officials
participated in forums organized by ECLAC and vice versa, submitting
reports and focusing action on topics of interest to both
institutions.  In particular, this collaboration has taken the form of
activities in the areas of social policies and statistics, free trade,
the environment and small and medium-sized enterprises.

33.  In the area of social policies, the two organizations signed a new
agreement extending for two more years the Joint Programme on Social
Policies for Latin America (PROPOSAL), set up in 1989 to support the
social development efforts of the Governments of the region.  The
programme's joint working group decided to focus work on the following
areas:  applied research, training, technical assistance, inter-agency
coordination and dissemination of information.

34.  In the area of family and childhood, ECLAC made a presentation at
the third Latin American symposium on programmes for children in the
context of poverty, held at San Jose' from 26 to 30 September 1995. 
The symposium was organized by OAS and the Ministry of Education of
Costa Rica with the support of the Ministry of Health and the Joint
Institute for Social Aid.  ECLAC and OAS have also discussed the
possibility of future joint activities in the areas of child
development, mental health and psychosocial development of the family
and children.

35.  ECLAC has also had contacts with the Department of Regional
Development and Environment of OAS and there has been cooperation in
the area of watershed management, through the exchange of information,
reciprocal support for projects and participation in meetings.  At
present, the joint action in this area is mainly carried out through
the "Inter-American Water Dialogue", an effort to increase cooperation
and technical exchanges among water specialists in Latin America, the
Caribbean and North America.

36.  The Joint ECLAC/United Nations Industrial Development Organization
(UNIDO) Industrial and Technological Development Unit participated in
a regional workshop on methodologies and tools for the improvement of
competitiveness and environmental performance of small and medium-
sized industries in the Caribbean States, organized by OAS, the
International Development Research Centre of Canada and the Institute
for Management Development, and held in Port-of-Spain from 27 February
to 1 March 1996.  At the workshop, ECLAC made a presentation on
modelling strategy for the improvement of industrial competitiveness
in small and medium-sized industries.

37.  The OAS General Secretariat and ECLAC signed an Agreement on
Technical Cooperation in Statistical Matters, on 7 October 1993, which
calls for a joint meeting of high-level statistical experts at ECLAC
headquarters every two years.  The first such meeting was held from 11
to 14 October 1994.  The sixteenth meeting of the Permanent Executive
Committee of the Inter-American Statistical Conference was held at OAS
headquarters on 27 and 28 April 1995.  At the seventeenth meeting of
the Permanent Executive Committee, held at OAS headquarters on 6 and 7
November 1995, ECLAC presented a document entitled "Report on
activities related to the subprogrammes presented by ECLAC at the
Joint OAS/ECLAC Meeting on Statistical Matters", covering the period
from 1 May to 15 October 1995.  The second joint meeting of high-level
statistical experts is scheduled to take place in late October 1996,
and consultations with the experts are already under way.


                           5.  World Food Programme

38.  No official formal cooperation agreement exists between the World
Food Programme (WFP) and OAS, but at the country level there is
informal interchange, including seminars and workshops.

39.  OAS representatives attend WFP food aid coordination meetings,
which are chaired by WFP.  The Interamerican Institute for Agriculture
(IICA) of OAS is the basis for WFP collaboration.  In Ecuador IICA
documents were useful to WFP in formulating its country strategy
outline.  In Guyana, WFP has been providing salary supplement food
rations to workers in an IICA-promoted project to support
rehabilitation and expansion of plant nurseries for seedlings for
fruit and other trees.  The objective is greater production of
seedlings.  In Haiti in 1995, the OAS representative participated in
monthly WFP-chaired food aid coordination meetings.  Tools for
agricultural production in watersheds in a WFP project have been
provided by IICA.  In Haiti also, the Pan American Health Organization
(PAHO), IICA and WFP collaborate closely in providing food aid and
medical services to vulnerable groups.

40.  In Jamaica, WFP/United Nations Volunteers (UNV) assisted OAS in
preparing and implementing an OAS-initiated activity in felt making. 
The original activity has now been expanded as an integrated
community-based economic development opportunity ranging from sheep
rearing to wool processing and several other wool crafts, including
felt making.  Production is targeted to take full advantage of Jamaica
ecotourism in Saint Elizabeth.  During 1996, the initial stages of the
project, including mobilization of resource agencies and training of
sheep farmers and the wool processors, will be completed.  Ongoing
meetings in Jamaica have spelled out collaboration in community-based
training and economic development projects between WFP and OAS.


            6.  United Nations International Drug Control Programme

41.  During 1995-1996, the United Nations and OAS strengthened regional
cooperation through the joint work of the United Nations International
Drug Control Programme and the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control
Commission (CICAD) of OAS.  The United Nations Drug Control Programme
and CICAD meet biannually to consult on regional drug control
strategies and trends, programming priorities, and to set forth the
highest practicable level of coordination in project planning,
information gathering and analysis.

42.  The Drug Control Programme and CICAD are associated in regional
and subregional programmes, projects and workshops aimed at
harmonization of national drug control, legislation, strengthening of
essential chemicals and precursor control departments, drug abuse
prevention and money-laundering.  Overall priority in 1996 was
assigned to the strengthening of the technical, legal and managerial
capabilities/capacities of national drug councils in the region as
well as their ability to plan and develop drug control projects among
themselves.  In that connection, the Programme and CICAD collaborated
on the organization of the former's Regional Meeting on Drug Control
Coordination and Cooperation in the Caribbean, held in Barbados from
15 to 17 May 1996, which included a separate working group chaired by
CICAD on strengthening national drug councils.  That meeting resulted
in a plan of action aimed at achieving more effective cooperation
between the countries of the Caribbean, and countries outside the
region as well as international and regional organizations in areas
such as law enforcement, demand reduction, legislation and maritime
matters.  The Programme will be discussing with CICAD and others how
best to collaborate in implementing the plan.

43.  The Programme and CICAD routinely exchange information on each
other's operational activities in the field.  On the basis of a joint
aide-me'moire of 3 August 1995, they also conduct joint appraisals of
regional and subregional programme and project ideas prior to
implementation, thus ensuring complementarily, optimal division of
labour and avoiding duplication.  Such joint work is proving
particularly significant in the context of demand reduction and
judicial cooperation projects emanating from the memorandum of
understanding on subregional drug control cooperation concluded
between Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Peru and the United Nations
International Drug Control Programme.  The latter and CICAD are
currently consulting on plans to advance similar subregional
cooperation agreements and coordination mechanisms between Mexico and
Central America and in the Caribbean.

44.  A seminar for drug control administrators in Latin America and the
Caribbean was organized by CICAD, in cooperation with the
International Narcotics Control Board and held in Santiago from 4 to 8
December 1995.  It was attended by 19 participants from 18 countries.


              7.  United Nations International Research and Training
                  Institute for the Advancement of Women

45.  The United Nations International Research and Training Institute
for the Advancement of Women (INSTRAW), in keeping with its mandate to
stimulate and assist through research, training and information
activities, in the advancement of women and their integration in the
development process, has paid particular attention to the development
of activities in the American continent.  The Institute's current work
programme in the American continent provides many areas of possible
collaboration with OAS.

46.  In February 1996, at its sixteenth session, the INSTRAW Board of
Trustees approved the following programmes for the biennium 1996-1997: 
(a) economic and political empowerment of women; (b) women,
environment and sustainable development; (c) women, communications and
media; and (d) statistics and indicators on gender issues.

47.  Under the programme on economic and political empowerment of women
and as a follow-up to research conducted in the past, INSTRAW will be
involved in research on women's access to credit and policy guidelines
for its improvement; gender impact analysis of credit; gender training
materials:  INSTRAW gender training portfolio; gender concepts in
development planning - a basic approach; and guidelines for enhancing
women's participation in decision-making and leadership.

48.  An expert group meeting on the role of women in decision-making
and conflict resolution will be convened from 7 to 11 October 1996 at
INSTRAW headquarters in Santo Domingo.  The meeting is being organized
by the Division for the Advancement of Women of the Department for
Policy Coordination and Sustainable Development and the International
Peace Research Institute in Oslo, in cooperation with INSTRAW.

49.  This programme element envisaged two publications on women and
credit:  a global overview on the situation of women's access to
credit and a case study of gender impact analysis of credit projects
of the Asociacio'n Dominicana para el Desarrollo de Microempresas in
the Dominican Republic.  In collaboration with OAS and provided funds
become available, INSTRAW could conduct similar research in other
countries in the region where successful credit schemes for women have
been established.

50.  The third output consists of a booklet entitled Gender concepts in
development planning:  basic approach, which explains the evolution of
the concept and how it has been addressed by development strategies.

51.  INSTRAW has training packages available on women, water supply,
sanitation and waste management; women and new and renewable sources
of energy; and on women, environmental management and sustainable
development.  National and regional training seminars on enhancing
women's roles in environmentally sound and sustainable development
will also be conducted.

52.  These seminars will be aimed at senior officials, development
planners and provincial and local authorities in charge of water
supply and sanitation projects, representatives of non-governmental
organizations and trainers.  The seminars will contribute to a new
approach in the organization and management of sustainable water
supply and sanitation programmes through the integration of women's
needs as well as their participation in planning, technical
operations, maintenance, assessment and implementation of water supply
and sanitation projects.

53.  INSTRAW concluded the project on women, communications and media,
which was initiated in 1991 in collaboration with the INSTRAW focal
point in Italy, the Italian Association for Women in Development
(AIDOS), with funds provided by the Government of Italy.  The project
was implemented in Argentina, Colombia and the Dominican Republic by
three selected national women's organizations, the Centro de Estudios
de la Mujer, Cine Mujer and the Centro de Investigacio'n para la
Accio'n Femenina.  INSTRAW will implement the statistics and
indicators on gender issues programmes during the biennium 1996-1997.


              8.  United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural
                  Organization

54.  OAS and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural
Organization (UNESCO) signed a cooperation agreement in 1950, under
which there is reciprocal representation in meetings concerning
matters of common interest, in particular OAS General Assemblies,
meetings of the Inter-American Council for Education, Science and
Culture (CIECC) and meetings of the General Conference and Executive
Board of UNESCO.  The Secretary-General of OAS and the Director-
General of UNESCO met in Washington, D.C., in March 1996 and decided
to create a joint working group to define further areas of cooperation
in the fields of education, science, culture and communication.

55.  A meeting sponsored by the Inter-American Commission of Women
(CIM) of OAS and UNESCO took place at San Salvador on 23 and 24
January 1996 on the initiative of the Salvadorian Cooperation
Committee of CIM.  Its main objective was to promote the contribution
of Salvadorian women to the consolidation of peace and democracy
through dialogue and national consensus-building within the framework
of a culture of peace.

56.  An OAS/UNESCO Inter-American Symposium on Security for Peace was
held at the Inter-American Defence College, Washington, D.C., on 3 and
4 April 1995.  The symposium, which was attended by more than 200
diplomats and military experts, focused on peacekeeping, peace-
building and the new threats challenging nations:  terrorism, drug
trafficking, illiteracy, joblessness and social exclusion.  UNESCO and
OAS participate in an informal group on governance and democracy,
together with UNDP, IDB and the World Bank.

57.  In the field of science, UNESCO, through its Regional Office for
Science and Technology at Montevideo, lends its support to the OAS
Common Market for Scientific and Technological Knowledge (MERCOYT)
programme, which is complementary to the UNESCO Common Market of
Knowledge (MECCO) programme.  UNESCO and OAS also provide a joint
support to the Regional Network on Science and Technology Indicators
(RICYT) and have cooperated during the last biennium in different
areas such as science-industry relations and water resource
management.

58.  Cooperation has also been established with the OAS General
Secretariat in the preparation of the following UNESCO publications: 
Human Rights:  Status of Major International Instruments, published
annually, which contains a separate section on OAS instruments, Access
to Human Rights Documentation and Human Rights:  Questions and Answers
and the Manual on Human Rights, which are designed for universities.


                 9.  International Civil Aviation Organization

59.  The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) cooperates
with OAS through exchange of documentation and invitations to relevant
meetings.  OAS is regularly invited to the sessions of the Assembly of
ICAO and ICAO attends meetings convened by the International
Telecommunications Conference of OAS that are of interest to ICAO work
in the field of aeronautical telecommunications.  The Council of ICAO
at its one hundred forty-fifth session reaffirmed its readiness to
cooperate more fully with regional organizations, including OAS.


                       10.  International Monetary Fund

60.  Since 1994 the International Monetary Fund (IMF) has continued to
participate in special conferences and meetings on specific topics or
relating to selected country issues, including the conference on
alternative development, meetings of the Inter-American Drug Control
Commission and several meetings to discuss the situation in Haiti.  In
addition, on 11 October 1995, the Managing Director of IMF delivered a
speech at OAS Headquarters at a luncheon for President Zedillo of
Mexico.


                   11.  International Maritime Organization

61.  There was no direct OAS/IMO cooperation during 1995 and none is
envisaged at present.  However, within the framework of the general
agreement of cooperation between the two organizations, IMO receives
documents and reports, and provides feedback and substantive comments,
in respect of the work of the OAS Permanent Technical Committee on
Ports.  This applies in particular to questions of port development
and facilitation of international maritime traffic.

62.  IMO would be pleased to explore the possibility of further
cooperation with OAS in the maritime/port sector and looks forward to
hearing from the OAS General Secretariat in this regard.  Such
cooperation will be facilitated by the designation of focal points in
both organizations.


            12.  United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

63.  Since the official launching of the hemispheric initiative for
building the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) pursuant to the
summit of Miami and the Denver Declaration, the United Nations
Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) secretariat has provided
technical assistance to OAS in the following areas of trade in goods
and services:  databases for trade in goods and services; trade in
services, competition policies, trade and environment and investment
regimes.

64.  UNCTAD's principal cooperation with OAS has dealt mainly with
providing technical advice and direct support to build up databases on
trade in goods and services in the Americas.  The most relevant
examples are the trade information projects (TRAINS) and the project
on measures affecting services trade (MAST).  An updated version of
the TRAINS database on export and import regimes in the Americas is
being prepared jointly by IDB and UNCTAD.  Similarly, UNCTAD is
providing the software, training, direct expertise, technical support
and quality control to make up an inventory of laws and regulations
governing services transactions in the region.  As a main support to
the data processing, the UNCTAD software on MAST is being used as a
pilot experiment in selected countries.

65.  In addition to the MAST database to be used in some trade in
services-related areas, UNCTAD will provide technical assistance to
negotiators of FTAA.  It will also work jointly with OAS in the
preparation of background studies and on conceptual issues relating to
the definition of a framework for the liberalization of trade in
services.  The background studies include such subjects as the
establishment of an inventory and the analysis of the treatment of
services in the integration and free trade agreements among the
countries of the region.

66.  During the visit of the Director of the Trade Unit of OAS to
Geneva, it was agreed that UNCTAD and OAS would begin their
cooperation with the execution of the following three joint projects
to be financed by OAS:  a regional seminar on competition policies to
be held at Lima; joint research on competition and trade policy; and a
joint inventory of competition laws in the Americas.

67.  Regarding trade and the environment, UNCTAD will provide OAS with
all UNCTAD case studies on the environment in the countries of the
Americas and will also provide technical support in the negotiating
process, as and when required.


                                     ANNEX

             Cooperation Agreement between the Secretariat of the
             United Nations and the General Secretariat of the
                        Organization of American States


     The Secretariat of the United Nations and the General Secretariat
of the Organization of American States:

     TAKING NOTE that the purposes of the United Nations are,
inter alia, to achieve international cooperation in solving
international problems of an economic, social, cultural or
humanitarian character, and in promoting and encouraging respect for
human rights and fundamental freedoms and to be a centre for
harmonizing the actions of nations in the attainment of these common
ends, and bearing in mind that the Charter of the United Nations
provides for the existence of regional arrangements or agencies for
dealing with such matters relating to the maintenance of international
peace and security as are appropriate for regional action, and whose
activities are consistent with the purposes and principles of the
United Nations,

     TAKING NOTE that the essential purposes proclaimed by the
Organization of American States are, inter alia, to seek the solution
of political, juridical and economic problems that may arise among
them; and to promote by cooperative action, their economic, social and
cultural development,

     BEARING IN MIND the appropriate provisions of the Charter of the
United Nations and the Charter of the Organization of American States
regarding the maintenance of international peace and security,

     TAKING NOTE of the relevant resolutions of the United Nations
General Assembly, in particular resolutions 42/11, 43/4, 45/10, 47/11
and 49/5 and those of the Organization of American States General
Assembly, in particular resolutions AG/RES 880 (XVII-0/87), AG/RES 941
(XVIII-0/88), AG/RES 1126 (XXI-0/93) and AG/RES 1289 (XXIV-094),
calling for intensified cooperation between the two Organizations,

                            HAVE AGREED AS FOLLOWS:


                                   Article I

                         COOPERATION AND CONSULTATIONS

1.   The Secretariat of the United Nations and the General Secretariat
of the Organization of American States shall act in close
collaboration and hold consultations regularly on all matters of
common interest.

2.   To this end, the two parties shall consider the appropriate
framework for such consultation as and when necessary.


                                  Article II

                            ATTENDANCE AT MEETINGS

1.   Subject to the applicable rules of procedure and such decisions as
may be taken by the competent bodies concerning the attendance of
meetings by observers, the Secretariat of the United Nations shall
invite the General Secretariat of the Organization of American States
to send representatives to United Nations meetings and conferences
where observers are allowed, whenever matters of special interest to
the Organization of American States are discussed.

2.   Subject to the applicable rules of procedure and such decisions as
may be taken by the competent bodies concerning the attendance of
meetings by observers, the General Secretariat of the Organization of
American States shall invite the United Nations to send
representatives to the Organization of American States meetings and
conferences where observers are allowed, whenever matters of special
interest to the United Nations are discussed.


                                  Article III

                   EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION AND DOCUMENTATION

1.   The Secretariat of the United Nations and the General Secretariat
of the Organization of American States agree to exchange information
and documentation in the public domain to the fullest extent possible
on matters of common interest.

2.   Where appropriate and subject to the necessary requirements,
information and documentation relating to specific projects or
programmes may also be exchanged between the parties with a view to
attaining better complementary action and effective coordination
between the two Secretariats.


                                  Article IV

                       STATISTICAL AND LEGAL INFORMATION

     The Secretariat of the United Nations and the General Secretariat
of the Organization of American States shall, subject to their
respective rules and regulations, endeavour to make every effort
possible to ensure optimum utilization of statistical and legal
information, and efficient use of their resources to compile, analyse,
publish and disseminate such information.


                                   Article V

                     COOPERATION BETWEEN THE SECRETARIATS

     The Secretary-General of the United Nations and the Secretary-
General of the Organization of American States shall take appropriate
measures to ensure effective cooperation and liaison between the
Secretariats of the two Organizations.


                                  Article VI

                        IMPLEMENTATION OF THE AGREEMENT

     The Secretariat of the United Nations and the General Secretariat
of the Organization of American States shall consult each other
regularly on matters relating to this Agreement.


                                  Article VII

                          SUPPLEMENTARY ARRANGEMENTS

     The Secretariat of the United Nations and the General Secretariat
of the Organization of American States may enter into such
supplementary arrangements for the purpose of cooperation and
coordination as may be found desirable.


                                 Article VIII

                   ENTRY INTO FORCE, AMENDMENTS AND DURATION

1.   This Agreement shall enter into force on the date of its signature
by the duly authorized representatives of the Secretariat of the
United Nations and the General Secretariat of the Organization of
American States.

2.   This Agreement may be amended by mutual consent of the parties. 
The proposed amendment should be made in writing to the other party
and shall enter into force after a period of three months following
the expression of such consent.

3.   Either of the parties may terminate this Agreement by giving six
month's written notice to the other party.


     IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned representatives of the
Secretariat of the United Nations and the General Secretariat of the
Organization of American States have signed the present Agreement in
duplicate in English and Spanish, both texts being equally authentic.

     Signed this 17th day of April 1995 at the United Nations
Headquarters in New York.


       For the Secretariat of the           For the General Secretariat of the
             United Nations:                 Organization of American States: 

(Signed)  Boutros BOUTROS-GHALI         (Signed)  Ce'sar GAVIRIA TRUJILLO     
            Secretary-General                         Secretary-General       

                                     ----- 

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Date last posted: 28 December 1999 17:35:10
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