United Nations

A/51/295


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

16 August 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


                                                        A/51/295
                                                              

General Assembly
Fifty-first session
Items 10, 25, 37, 96, 98, 99 and 104
  of the provisional agenda*

*    A/51/150.


                  REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENERAL ON THE WORK
                              OF THE ORGANIZATION

                  COOPERATION BETWEEN THE UNITED NATIONS AND
                            THE CARIBBEAN COMMUNITY

             THE SITUATION OF DEMOCRACY AND HUMAN RIGHTS IN HAITI

                        MACROECONOMIC POLICY QUESTIONS

                   SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND INTERNATIONAL
                             ECONOMIC COOPERATION

                    ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

                          INTERNATIONAL DRUG CONTROL

           Letter dated 12 August 1996 from the Permanent Representative
           of Antigua and Barbuda to the United Nations addressed to the
                               Secretary-General

     I have the honour to transmit to you herewith, from the Heads of
Government of the Caribbean Community, the Communique' which was
issued at the conclusion of the seventeenth meeting of the Conference
of Heads of Government of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), which was
held at Bridgetown from 3 to 6 July 1996 (see annex), and to request
that it be circulated as a document of the General Assembly, under
items 10, 25, 37, 96, 98, 99 and 104 of the provisional agenda.

                                              (Signed)  Patrick Albert LEWIS  
                                                      Permanent Representative


                                     ANNEX

            Communique' of the seventeenth meeting of the Conference of
            Heads of Government of the Caribbean Community, held at
                       Bridgetown from 3 to 7 July 1996


     Heads of Government in attendance were:  Mr. Lester Bird, Prime
Minister and Minister for Foreign Affairs, Antigua and Barbuda;
Mr. Owen Arthur, Prime Minister and Minister of Finance and Economic
Affairs, Barbados; Mr. Hubert Ingraham, Prime Minister of the
Commonwealth of the Bahamas; Mr. Manuel Esquivel, Prime Minister and
Minister of Finance and Economic Development, Belize;
Mr. Edison James, Prime Minister and Minister of External Affairs,
Legal Affairs and Labour, Commonwealth of Dominica;
Mr. Keith Mitchell, Prime Minister and Minister for Foreign Affairs,
Grenada; Mr. Cheddi Jagan, President of the Cooperative Republic of
Guyana; Mr. Percival J. Patterson, Prime Minister and Minister of
Defence, Jamaica; Mr. Reuben Meade, Chief Minister of Montserrat;
Mr. Denzil Douglas, Prime Minister of Saint Kitts and Nevis;
Mr. Vaughan Lewis, Prime Minister of Saint Lucia; Sir James Mitchell,
Prime Minister and Minister of Finance, Saint Vincent and the
Grenadines; and Mr. Basdeo Panday, Prime Minister of the Republic of
Trinidad and Tobago.  The Head of Government of the Republic of
Suriname, Mr. Runaldo R. Venetiaan, was represented by
Mr. Jules Ajodha, Vice-President.

     Heads of Government of the Associate States of the Community in
attendance were:  Mr. Ralph T. O'Neal, Chief Minister of the British
Virgin Islands and Mr. Derek Taylor, Chief Minister of the Turks and
Caicos Islands.

     Heads of international organizations present at the Conference
were:  Chief Emeka Anyaoku, Secretary-General of the Commonwealth;
Mr. Ce'sar Gaviria, Secretary-General of the Organization of American
States; Mr. Jacques Diouf, Director-General of the Food and
Agriculture Organization of the United Nations;
Mr. Simo'n Molina Duarte, Secretary-General of the Association of
Caribbean States and Mr. Carlos Moneta, Permanent Secretary of the
Latin American Economic System (SELA).

     Mr. Derek Hanekom, Minister of Agriculture and Land Affairs of the
Republic of South Africa, represented President Nelson Mandela, and
Ambassador Joseph Verner Reed represented the Secretary-General of the
United Nations, Mr. Boutros Boutros-Ghali.

     Messages were received from the Secretary-General of the United
Nations and the Governments of the Democratic People's Republic of
Korea, the Dominican Republic, Japan, the Republic of Costa Rica, the
Republic of India and the Republic of Venezuela.

     Mr. Woen Arthur, Prime Minister of Barbados and host Prime
Minister, addressed the opening ceremony, warmly welcoming his
colleague heads of Government and challenging the Conference "to
redefine and refocus the everlasting interests of the Caribbean region
in our dealings with the international community".

     Mr. Cheddi Jagan, President of Guyana and outgoing Chairman of the
Conference, urged the continuation of the region's quest for relief
from the debt burden; the Community's continued advocacy of a regional
development fund within the framework of the free trade area of the
Americas; the pursuance of the fight to ensure an acceptable
resolution of the banana issue; and the endorsement of the new global
human order as an all-encompassing mechanism to secure the Community's
future prosperity.

     Mr. Lester Bird, Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda and current
Chairman of the Conference, delivered the feature address in which he
forwarded the position that the "need to return to the concept of a
Caribbean commission as proposed by the West Indian Commission ... 
The work of such a commission would greatly enhance the decision-
making process in CARICOM and considerably aid heads of Government to
focus on issues which require their specific attention to move the
integration movement forward, and by doing so, improve the prospect of
a better life for the Caribbean people".

     The opening ceremony was also addressed by the newest member of
the Conference, Mr. Vaughan Lewis, Prime Minister of Saint Lucia. 
Mr. Lewis voiced the opinion that "Free trade has become the central
theme of international economic relations, and in the rush to give
market forces the freest rein possible, traditional alliances and
friendships sometimes appear to have fallen by the wayside.  The
continuing diplomatic assault on the arrangements under which Saint
Lucia and other Caribbean countries market their bananas in the
European Union is a case in point".

     In his statement, the Secretary-General of the Caribbean
Community, Mr. Edwin W. Carrington, stressed that "we as small
countries now need to muster all our resources of speed and tactical
skill to hold our own" in the race to secure a place in the twenty-
first century.  "To do so, however, the regional body politic must
increasingly move in unison and be honed to the highest possible
degree of uniformity".

     The heads of Government conferred the Community's triennial Award
for Women on Mrs. Lucille Mathurin-Mair, a national of Jamaica, for
her lifetime of selfless and dedicated service as a scholar, diplomat,
international public servant and activist for women's rights.


                              The global context

     The heads of Government were acutely aware that their meeting was
taking place against the backdrop of an international environment
which presented an ever-increasing number of complex challenges.  It
was therefore imperative for the region to devise a qualitatively
different approach to international economic and political issues and
to develop a more effective decision-making capacity in order to
promote its prosperity.  This new approach would need to recognize
that as a result of globalization, production units and capital
traversed the globe in response only to market forces.  In addition
the intensification of regionalism had given rise to the establishment
of huge trading blocs as nations, both in keeping with the economic
globalization process and also in defence against it, seek to
integrate their economies on a scale hitherto unknown.  The
communications revolution had been an important factor in the dramatic
and rapid transformation of the structure of the world economy. 
Against this background, they considered and agreed to the following:


                           Agricultural development

     The heads of Government, in a special session dedicated to
agriculture, agreed to a new vision for agriculture into the twenty-
first century.  This vision focuses on agriculture as a business and
addresses the requisites for transforming the sector to make it more
internationally competitive, with the capability of improving the
income of the farming community and contributing to strengthened food
and nutrition security.  A comprehensive review of the sector
identified its importance to the economies of the region, its
strengths and weaknesses, particularly in the context of the threats
and challenges of the changing hemispheric and global environment, and
opportunities for growth and development.

     The heads of Government accepted that it was critical to create an
environment which would encourage private sector investment in
agriculture and promote national initiatives for the transformation of
the sector, with support from regional level programmes.  Among the
areas of focus at the national level would be the strengthening of
producer/marketer organizations, promotion of production, provision of
drainage and irrigation, improvement in marketing systems and
associated infrastructure, the promotion of agro-processing, the
control of praedial larceny and refinements in land tenure policy and
regulations.  Complementary regional action would be in areas of
policy formulation support, human capital development, with an
emphasis on entrepreneurial skills at various levels, research and
technology generation focused on greater productivity, marketing and
agri-business facilitation, water resource management and
institutional support.  The continued development of the fisheries and
forestry sectors, which are based on renewable natural resources, will
be underpinned by conservation of the environment and cooperation
among member States as well as neighbouring States.

     The heads of Government identified the financing of developmental
activities in agriculture as warranting special attention.  They
recognized that innovative solutions would be required.  In this
regard, they accepted the offer of the Caribbean Development Bank
(CDB) to examine the needs and proffer recommendations to the
Conference on this critical issue.

     In view of the importance of agriculture to the region, the heads
of Government agreed that the mechanism established for implementation
would begin its work immediately and report to Ministers of
Agriculture within six months.  Heads of Government will keep this
sector under continuous review, and it was mandated that a progress
report be submitted to the Conference at its Eighth Inter-Sessional
Meeting.

Issues relating to the marketing of CARICOM bananas

     The heads of Government expressed strong concern over the state of
the Caribbean banana industry, given the continuing threat to its
sustainability deriving from actions by the United States of America,
Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico and certain European countries. 
They agreed to intensify their efforts to increase the level of
awareness on the part of these countries of the extremely vital
importance of the banana industry to the economic and social well-
being of the countries of the Caribbean.  These efforts will include
taking full advantage of a special meeting of the countries of Central
America and the Caribbean on bananas, to be convened in Belize in
October 1996, to seek an agreed understanding between the Caribbean
and Central America on this matter.  This meeting is being convened on
the initiative of Mr. Oscar Arias, former President of Costa Rica.

     The heads of Government further expressed concern at the decision
of the Banana Management Committee of the European Union to increase
the "dollar quota" for the last quarter of 1996 from 2,200,000 to
2,553,000 tonnes; and called upon the Union to take measures to
address the current over-supply of bananas on the European market.

     The heads of Government acknowledged the exchange of
correspondence between Prime Minister Patterson, on behalf of CARICOM,
and President Clinton of the United States of America, and expressed
their willingness to meet at any time with any country or group of
countries in order to seek a resolution to the dispute over the
European banana market.  They also agreed to continue to work towards
diversification within the banana industry including the introduction
of new products.

Single market and economy

     The heads of Government expressed their appreciation for the work
undertaken at the special consultations, coordinated by Prime Minister
Owen Arthur of Barbados, to refocus the activities for the
establishment of the CARICOM Single Market and Economy (CSME).  They
endorsed the recommendations emanating from these consultations and,
among them, a recommendation to allow artists, musicians, sportsmen
and media personnel to move and work throughout the region.  This
recommendation is in addition to the provisions for the free movement
of university graduates in respect of whom legislation has already
been implemented by six member States - Barbados, Dominica, Grenada,
Guyana, Jamaica and Saint Lucia.  Trinidad and Tobago has recently
introduced a bill to this effect.  In the case of Guyana this
legislation coexists with previous legislation which allows for the
free movement of several other categories of persons.  Antigua and
Barbuda indicated its intention to introduce legislation shortly.

     The heads of Government expressed satisfaction at the progress
which has been made with respect to the implementation of Phase II of
the Common External Tariff (CET), which would take the CET to 0-
25 per cent.  They sympathized with the difficulties of Antigua and
Barbuda in meeting the deadline for the implementation of Phase II as
Hurricanes Marilyn and Luis had severely depleted the resources of
that country.  Antigua and Barbuda will now implement Phase III of the
CET in April 1997.  Saint Lucia has undertaken to implement Phase II
by August 1996.

     The heads of Government noted that significant progress had been
made in the elimination of non-tariff barriers to intraregional trade
and that member States had made a determined effort to discontinue the
use of negative lists, licensing, quantitative restrictions and
discriminatory internal taxes.  Heads of Government decided that all
remaining non-tariff barriers to intraregional trade will be
eliminated December 1996.

     The heads of Government agreed that the Ministers of Finance, the
Central Bank Governors and heads of planning agencies, should meet
more frequently to deal with single market issues.  They approved a
plan proposed by the Council of Central Bank Governors to address the
issues of currency convertibility and greater macroeconomic
convergence of the economies of CARICOM.  Addressing these two
problems would improve the conditions for the free movement of
capital, integration of capital markets and monetary union.  Progress
in these areas has been slowed because of the multiplicity of
currencies and the exchange rate regimes within the community.

     The heads of Government agreed to establish a Council for Finance
and Planning in order to give focused attention to matters relating to
capital markets and financial integration within the CSME.  They
welcomed the signing by the Prime Minister of Saint Kitts and Nevis of
the CARICOM Agreement on Social Security, during the course of the
Conference.


                           Caribbean Investment Fund

     The heads of Government received with satisfaction the report of
the Chairman of the ICWI Group of Companies Ltd., who advised that
conditions appeared to be propitious for launching the Caribbean
Investment Fund (CIF).  They agreed to modify the original agreement
to permit the fund to invest a part of its resources in countries of
the wider region of the Association of Caribbean States (ACS).  The
ICWI Group plans to raise US$ 50 million as initial capital for the
Fund over the next year.  The original agreement for the establishment
of the Caribbean Investment Fund was signed by heads of Government and
the Chairman of the ICWI Group in Trinidad and Tobago in October 1993.

     The objective of CIF is to mobilize foreign currency from
extraregional capital markets for investment in new ventures or in
existing enterprises in the region.  The heads of State welcomed the
signing by a number of member States of the supplemental agreement to
the agreement establishing the Caribbean Investment Fund during the
course of the Conference.


                           Insurance and reinsurance

     The heads of Government adopted a package of recommendations aimed
at reducing the vulnerability of the region to the impact of natural
occurrences, improving and expanding the region's risk acceptance
capacity, the development of strong and effective insurance regulation
and regulatory capacity, and at strengthening the institutional base
for national disaster mitigation, forecasting and assessment.  They
expressed their deep appreciation to Mr. Dennis Lalor, Chairman of the
ICWI Group of Companies Ltd. and to the working group which had
developed these proposals, and commended the recommendations to the
insurance industry in the region.  They mandated the CARICOM
secretariat to explore the possibility of obtaining assistance from
multilateral agencies to facilitate the implementation of the
recommendations.


              Promoting the Community's external trade relations

     The heads of Government recognized that over the next few years
the region will be engaged in concurrent negotiations on the free
trade area of the Americas, its future relationship with the European
Union as well as trade and economic agreements with countries and
groups of countries in the hemisphere.  It will also have to deal with
the fulfilment of its obligations under the World Trade Organization
(WTO), including a new round of global negotiations and an increasing
number of problems such as the threat to preferential trade
arrangements which it now enjoys.  They also recognized that these
processes were not only comprehensive and diverse, but highly
interrelated and will need to be synchronized and coordinated.  They
observed that limited human and financial resources imposed
constraints on the region's ability to effectively prepare for and
participate in these negotiations.


                     Discussions with the social partners

     The heads of Government held discussions with the social
partners - the private sector, labour and the non-governmental
organizations.  They agreed that it was essential to maintain fluid
lines of communication and consultation with these partners
particularly with regard to their involvement in negotiation
processes.


                          Regional Air Transportation

     The heads of Government welcomed the signing by a number of member
States of the Multilateral Air Services Agreement during the course of
the Conference.  They noted however the concerns expressed over recent
developments in the air transportation sector and agreed that the
secretariat would make arrangements for a comprehensive study of the
needs, realities and prospects of the sector.  The objective of the
study would be the rationalization of air transportation in the region
and the preparation of a strategic plan of options for its
development.  The study would also pay particular attention to air
transportation in the eastern and south-eastern Caribbean and consider
the effects on the region of the deregulation of air transportation
occurring internationally and extending into the metropolitan
jurisdictions in the region.


                           Charter of civil society

     The heads of Government reaffirmed their commitment to a charter
of civil society and noted the progress that had been made in its
drafting.  They mandated the Attorneys-General and Ministers of Legal
Affairs to meet as early as possible to refine the draft charter in
order to permit its signing at the next inter-sessional meeting of the
Conference.


              Protocol amending the structure of the Community's
                          institutions and operations

     The heads of Government considered the draft protocol intended to
revise the organizational structure, institutional arrangements and
voting procedures of the Community with a view to expediting decision-
making and implementation.  They agreed on the need for further
examination of the proposals.  They therefore mandated their
Attorneys-General and Ministers responsible for Legal Affairs to
examine the technical aspects of the protocol with a view to
finalizing it for signature at the next inter-sessional meeting of the
Conference.


                             Caribbean Commission

     The heads of Government, in considering the strengthening of the
decision-making machinery of CARICOM, took note of the undertaking by
the Governments of Antigua and Barbuda and Trinidad and Tobago to
jointly prepare a paper on the establishment of a Caribbean Commission
along the lines suggested by the West Indian Commission, for
consideration by heads of Government at their next inter-sessional
meeting.


               Assembly of Caribbean Community Parliamentarians

     The heads of Government welcomed with satisfaction the convening
of the inaugural meeting of the Assembly of Caribbean Community
Parliamentarians (ACCP), which was held in Barbados on 27 May 1996. 
They also welcomed the fact that the Governments of Montserrat and
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines had signed, during the course of the
Conference, the Agreement for the establishment of an Assembly of
Caribbean Community Parliamentarians.


                          Belize/Guatemala relations

     The heads of Government expressed their appreciation for the
continued cordial relations between Belize and Guatemala.  They
reaffirmed their full support for the sovereignty of Belize and for
the preservation of Belize's territorial integrity.  They further
expressed the hope for the early resumption of discussions between
Belize and Guatemala that could lead to a treaty recognizing Belize's
existing and constitutional land and sea boundaries.


                          Guyana/Venezuela relations

     The heads of Government noted the status of Guyana/Venezuela
relations and expressed their support for the McIntyre process, under
the auspices of the Secretary-General of the United Nations, as the
mechanism for peacefully resolving the border controversy.  They also
reaffirmed their strong support for the sovereignty and territorial
integrity of Guyana.


                            Situation in Montserrat

     The heads of Government pledged the Community's continuing support
for the Government and people of Montserrat and urged the positive
response of the people of the Community to assisting the Government
and people of Montserrat, particularly in the areas of health and
agriculture.  They noted with concern the escalating difficulties
being experienced by the Government and people of Montserrat in the
face of volcanic activity in that country.

     They expressed their satisfaction with the coordinating role
played by the Caribbean Emergency Disaster Response Agency (CDERA) in
channelling the region's assistance to Montserrat.  They noted the
efforts so far undertaken by the CARICOM secretariat to coordinate the
provision of additional medical personnel.  They also noted the urgent
need for prefabricated housing units in Montserrat and welcomed the
assistance being provided by the CDB in this area.  They further noted
the efforts of the Caribbean Agricultural Research and Development
Institute (CARDI) to coordinate activities geared at providing
technical support to the agricultural sector, particularly for
irrigation systems.

     The heads of Government agreed to allow the free movement of
Montserratians within their respective countries irrespective of
qualification and without the need for work permits in the CARICOM
region, and noted that the Government of Montserrat would be
approaching individual member States on a bilateral basis in regard to
specific areas of assistance.  They requested the Chief Minister to
extend to the people of Montserrat the assurances of the region's
solidarity with them at this critical and difficult time.


                             Saint Kitts and Nevis

     The heads of Government expressed their deep concern over
developments in Saint Kitts and Nevis regarding the announcement by
the Premier of Nevis that steps are being taken to separate Nevis from
Saint Kitts and Nevis.  The heads of Government were troubled by the
possible fragmentation of Saint Kitts and Nevis and were equally
concerned about its effect upon CARICOM as a whole.

     The heads of Government urged that the constitutional process be
respected and followed by all parties; and further urged that all
parties remain open to efforts to reconcile their differences in the
interest of the peoples of Saint Kitts and Nevis and of CARICOM as a
whole.  In this connection, they mandated Mr. Lester Bird, Prime
Minister of Antigua and Barbuda, as Chairman of the Conference to
continue his efforts to mediate between the parties with a view to
finding a mutually satisfactory solution to the current impasse.

     The heads of Government also authorized their Chairman to co-opt
such assistance as he may require to carry out the mandate, and to
pursue with the Commonwealth secretariat its offer to provide such
assistance as may be required.

                      Development of West Indies cricket

     The heads of Government received a report from the Chairman of the
Subcommittee on the Development of West Indies Cricket which the
Conference had established at its seventh inter-sessional meeting. 
They were encouraged by the new direction and thrust of the current
administration of the West Indies Cricket Board, and pledged further
and deeper consultation with the Board at the earliest opportunity in
order to agree on measures which member States might take to re-
establish West Indian cricket supremacy.


           Developments regarding the University of the West Indies

     The heads of Government received with satisfaction a progress
report on the new system of governance devised by the University of
the West Indies to focus teaching and research on the development
needs of the region and which at the same time endeavours to increase
the cost-effectiveness of the University's operations.  They endorsed
the Vice Chancellor's proposal for the Conference to meet in special
session to review the human resource requirements of the region at
their eighteenth meeting.  They agreed to request that the University
Council grant an extension of Sir Alister McIntyre's tenure as Vice
Chancellor.  They further agreed to support fully the fiftieth
anniversary celebrations of the University of the West Indies in 1998.


                          Relations with South Africa

     The heads of Government welcomed the presence at their meeting of
Mr. Derek A. Hanekom, Minister of Agriculture and Land Affairs of
South Africa and special envoy of the President of South Africa,
Mr. Nelson Mandela.  They conveyed the Community's proposal to
dispatch a Ministerial Trade and Investment Mission to South Africa at
a mutually convenient date in 1997 and also to establish a joint
CARICOM Diplomatic Mission in South Africa in the near future to
advance economic, technical and cultural relations with the countries
of southern Africa and with the Southern African Development Community
(SADC).


                                  The Gambia

     The heads of Government received a report from the Secretary-
General of the Commonwealth on the situation in the Gambia, as well as
agreements reached by the Commonwealth Ministerial Action Group (CMAG)
at their meeting on 24 to 25 June 1996 on that situation.  They were
also informed by the Prime Minister of Saint Vincent and the
Grenadines concerning initiatives being undertaken by himself in
consultation with the Secretary-General of the Commonwealth with
regard to assisting the Government of the Gambia in the restoration of
democracy.  They welcomed these initiatives and expressed the hope
that they would result in the development of a constitutional
framework befitting the democratic process in the Gambia.


                                 Sierra Leone

     The heads of Government took note of the report of the Secretary-
General of the Commonwealth on the stabilization of the situation in
Sierra Leone and welcomed the assistance being given by a CARICOM
member State in the attachment of Justice Ulric Cross of Trinidad and
Tobago as a conciliator in the process.


                                    Nigeria

     The heads of Government heard from the Secretary-General of the
Commonwealth on developments in Nigeria and the recent meeting of the
Commonwealth Ministerial Action Group.  They took note of the report
of the United Nations fact-finding mission to Nigeria.  They also
noted that consequent to that report, the military regime in Nigeria
had adopted certain measures in response to the concerns expressed
therein.  They stressed however their concern over the persistence of
human rights violations by the military regime in that country.  It
was agreed that many fundamental changes remained to be made by the
Nigerian authorities if the imposition of sanctions is to be avoided. 
They reaffirmed their commitment to the decisions adopted at the
Auckland Commonwealth heads of Government meeting concerning the
imposition of "soft sanctions" against Nigeria and agreed to join
Jamaica and Canada in the imposition of sanctions if appropriate
reforms were not introduced in the near future.


                                     Haiti

     The heads of Government considered developments in Haiti and the
region's relations with that country.  They welcomed the decision of
the Security Council of the United Nations to maintain a United
Nations support mission in Haiti in the light of the security
requirements of the country.  They reiterated their call to the
international community to assist Haiti in its economic and social
reconstruction, particularly through the provision of human and
financial resources.  They expressed the continued support of the
region for the strengthening of democratic governance in Haiti.  In
this regard, they noted a report by the Prime Minister of Jamaica on
the working visit recently paid by the President of Haiti to his
country and endorsed the recommendation of the Standing Committee of
Ministers responsible for Foreign Affairs (SCMFA) that the CARICOM-
Haiti Joint Commission be convened as early as possible in order to
further the development of relations between Haiti and the Community
and to maintain dialogue with the new administration.


                           Illicit traffic in drugs

     The heads of Government noted that the Caribbean is being
increasingly used for the transshipment of illegal drugs from the
major production centres to the major centres of consumption.  They
took note of the increased boldness of drug traffickers in the waters
and the airspace of Community member States.  CARICOM States are, as a
consequence, paying a heavy price as a result of the trade in and
abuse of illegal drugs.  They noted that the problem posed a major
threat to the political, social and economic stability of the region
and is a major factor affecting governance in the region.  They
reaffirmed their commitment to an integrated and coordinated approach
among the member States and also the various organizations and
agencies to deal with the problem.

     In this regard they took note of the report of the meeting on drug
control cooperation in the Caribbean held in Barbados on 15 to
17 May 1996 by the United Nations Drug Control Programme and
recommended the plan of action which was agreed at the meeting for
implementation.


                              Witness protection

     The heads of Government noted the growing threat to the
administration of justice in the form of intimidation and elimination
of witnesses.  They welcomed the initiatives of the Government of
Trinidad and Tobago with respect to the development of a regional
witness protection programme and agreed to explore mechanisms for
cooperation in this area.


                        Meeting of the Group of 7 (G-7)

     The heads of Government noted a number of issues which had been
discussed at the recently concluded G-7 Summit held at Lyon, France,
on 27 to 28 June 1996.  They welcomed the recognition by the G-7 that
globalization poses challenges to societies and economies which may
accentuate inequality and marginalization, and that the G-7 has a
responsibility to spread the benefits of economic growth as widely as
possible.

     They also noted with satisfaction the statement of the G-7
pertaining to the importance of the integration of developing
countries in the global trading system as an essential element of
sustainable growth and development.  In this respect, the heads of
Government looked forward to the ways in which the G-7 would help
developing countries, especially the least developed, to benefit more
fully from the Uruguay Round.  Heads of Government called on the G-7
to support the establishment of a regional development fund (RDF) as a
mechanism for permitting the developing countries of the region to
pursue sound economic policies, structural reform, increased
productivity and enhanced competitiveness.

Debt

     The heads of Government congratulated Trinidad and Tobago on
writing off a substantial proportion of Guyana's bilateral debt under
the Naples Terms.  They welcomed the G-7 commitment to a continued
Enhanced Structural Adjustment Facility (ESAF) as the centrepiece of
the International Monetary Fund's support for the poorest countries,
and also endorsed the G-7's position regarding the proposals of the
Managing Director of the Fund for greater concessionality in ESAF
lending.  In this respect, they expressed strong support for Guyana,
as the most indebted CARICOM country, as a beneficiary of this
programme, whilst urging greater debt relief for all the indebted
countries of the region.


                 Hemispheric summit on sustainable development
                           (December 1996, Bolivia)

     The heads of Government reviewed the status of preparation for the
summit on sustainable development which is scheduled to convene in
Bolivia in December 1996.  They endorsed the need for the summit to
examine those issues that had not been fully addressed at the United
Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) at Rio de
Janeiro, Brazil, in 1992, including modalities for the financing of
environmental programmes.  They welcomed the cooperative efforts of
the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), the World Bank and the
Organization of American States in the preparatory process.  They
urged the international community to honour the commitments made at
UNCED and the Global Conference on the Sustainable Development of
Small Island Developing States.


                                United Nations

     The heads of Government noted the developing relations between the
region and the United Nations as borne out by the presence for the
first time of the Secretary-General of the Caribbean Community at the
meeting of heads of regional cooperation organizations convened by the
Secretary-General of the United Nations.  They stressed the importance
which they attached to the further development of these links
particularly in the context of the furtherance of the Community's
development needs and its possible role in the development of peace
and security particularly within the Caribbean region.  They conveyed
their appreciation to the Secretary-General of the United Nations,
Mr. Boutros Boutros-Ghali, through his special representative at the
meeting, for the work which the Secretary-General has done in
promoting the heightened level of cooperation.  


                        Organization of American States

     The heads of Government had an exchange of views with the
Secretary-General of the Organization of American States (OAS) on
issues related to the reorientation of the OAS and the evolving inter-
American agenda.  They welcomed the commitment expressed by the
Secretary-General to retain and strengthen the national offices of the
OAS in the context of the new orientation of the organization towards
the provision of technical cooperation; to enhance the representation
of CARICOM nationals in the organization; and to advance the security
concerns of small States.

     The Secretary-General emphasized the desire of OAS to make the
activities of the Organization directly relevant to the problems and
purposes of its membership, with particular emphasis on issues related
to the promotion of democracy, environment and trade.

     The heads of Government also welcomed the signing of a memorandum
of understanding between OAS and the Caribbean Development Bank (CDB)
as a further indication of the willingness of OAS to function as an
instrument of integration and cooperation which directly addresses the
problems of the Caribbean.

                     CARIFESTA VII - Saint Kitts and Nevis

     The heads of Government welcomed the offer by the Government of
Saint Kitts and Nevis to host CARIFESTA VII.  They recognized that
this offer by one of the smaller CARICOM States symbolized the
importance of this festival as a concrete expression of the cultural
affinity of all Caribbean peoples.  They expressed the hope that
CARIFESTA VII would be supported by the countries of the wider
Caribbean.


             Presentation of Dictionary of Caribbean English Usage

     The heads of Government thanked Mr. Richard Allsopp for the
presentation of copies of his Dictionary of Caribbean English Usage
which represented a significant literary achievement by a noted
Caribbean scholar.


                 Message of best wishes to Caribbean athletes

     The heads of Government extended their best wishes and those of
the Community to all athletes of the Caribbean region who would be
participating in the Centennial Olympic Games in Atlanta in July 1996. 
They recognized that the athletes were ambassadors of the region who
were going to Atlanta to seek glory not only for themselves but for
the entire Caribbean.


                               Secretary-General

     The heads of Government expressed their appreciation of the
services of Mr. Edwin W. Carrington, Secretary-General, to the
Caribbean Community and in that regard were pleased to renew his
contract for another term.


                                 Appreciation

     The heads of Government expressed their gratitude to the
Government and people of Barbados for having hosted their seventeenth
meeting.  They particularly expressed their appreciation of the fact
that Barbados was hosting a second meeting of the Conference in two
years, on this occasion as a result of the inability of the Government
of Antigua and Barbuda to do so because of the impact of Hurricane
Luis on that country.  They also expressed their deep appreciation for
the services rendered to the Community by Mr. Kenneth Hall, Deputy
Secretary-General.  They extended their best wishes to him on his
assumption of the position of Principal of the Mona Campus of the
University of the West Indies.


               Date and venue of the eighth inter-sessional and
                     eighteenth meetings of the Conference

     The heads of Government agreed that the eighth inter-sessional
meeting of the Conference would be held in Antigua and Barbuda in
1997, and the eighteenth meeting of the Conference in Jamaica in
July 1997.


                                     -----
 

This document has been posted online by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA). Reproduction and dissemination of the document - in electronic and/or printed format - is encouraged, provided acknowledgement is made of the role of the United Nations in making it available.

Date last posted: 28 December 1999 17:35:10
Comments and suggestions: esa@un.org