United Nations


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

27 September 1996



General Assembly
Fifty-first session
Agenda item 26


                        Report of the Secretary-General


1.   The present addendum to the report of the Secretary-General on
cooperation between the United Nations and the Economic Cooperation
Organization (A/51/265), focusing on cooperation between the Economic
Cooperation Organization (ECO) and the Economic and Social Commission
for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), covers developments pertaining to
cooperation between that Organization and other United Nations bodies
and specialized agencies.

United Nations Development Programme

2.   The collaboration between ECO and the United Nations Development
Programme (UNDP) covers important areas of cooperation as spelled out
in the memorandum of understanding signed between the two
organizations on 15 March 1995 at Islamabad.  UNDP has provided ECO
with the services of a consultant, who has prepared a study on the
reorganizational aspects of ECO.  This study was an important
reference material for the eminent persons group meeting on enhancing
the effectiveness of ECO.

3.   UNDP, through the Department for Development Support and
Management Services of the United Nations Secretariat, is currently
preparing a study on the economies of ECO member States.  The purpose
of the study is to identify actual and potential product
complementarities and the problems and constraints that have limited
the exchange of trade, with a view to developing appropriate
proposals.  A brief outline of the study has been prepared.  In
October 1996, a UNDP mission is to undertake visits to ECO member
States and the ECO secretariat is to gather information and data
required for the study.  The study is expected to be completed by the
end of 1996.

United Nations Children's Fund

4.   Following the ECO Health Ministers Meeting at Tehran in
January 1994 and the signing of a memorandum of understanding on
cooperation between the two 
organizations on 25 July 1994, the United Nations Children's Fund
(UNICEF) and ECO held four workshops:  the first on iodine deficiency
disorder, at Ashgabat in June 1994; the second and third on
breastfeeding and on oral rehydration therapy, at Ankara in August
1994; and the fourth on immunization, at Tashkent in January 1995. 
Consultations with UNICEF are in progress to work out a programme of
action for the future.

United Nations Population Fund

5.   The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and ECO signed a
memorandum of understanding in October 1994.  Three major events have
been held jointly.  The first event was a Conference on Women's Status
and Health, convened at Tehran in August 1995.  The second event, a
Conference on Reproductive Health, was held at Islamabad in April
1996.  The third event was a Conference on Implementation of the ICPD
Programme of Action, held at Almaty in April 1996.

6.   At the suggestion of ECO, UNFPA is now considering convening a
joint conference on male involvement in reproductive health and family
planning, in early 1997.

United Nations International Drug Control Programme

7.   A memorandum of understanding on cooperation between ECO and the
United Nations International Drug Control Programme (UNDCP) was signed
at Islamabad on 15 March 1995 on the occasion of the Third ECO Summit
Meeting.  UNDCP has prepared a project proposal covering its technical
assistance to implement the ECO Plan on Drug Control.  Consultations
are being held between the two organizations to carry out joint
activities in this important field, with the possible participation of
other organizations such as the European Union.

United Nations Industrial Development Organization

8.   A memorandum of understanding on cooperation between ECO and the
United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) was signed
at Tehran on 25 January 1994.  Possibilities for joint collaboration
are being actively pursued.

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

9.   A memorandum of understanding on cooperation between ECO and the
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
(UNESCO) was signed on 16 November 1995.  The Charter of the ECO
Cultural Institute has recently been signed.  ECO and UNESCO are
considering a plan of joint activities.

Interregional cooperation

10.  In keeping with the growing trend of greater interregional
cooperation, ECO is participating actively in annual consultations
among Asia's subregional organizations being coordinated by ESCAP. 
The executive heads of five regional organizations, namely, ECO, the
Association of South-East Asian Nations (ASEAN), the South Asian
Association for Regional Cooperation, the South Pacific Forum and
ESCAP, meet annually, as far as feasible, to pursue interregional
cooperation in such areas of common interest as trade and investment
transport, communications, human resources development and energy.

11.  After the first round of discussions, at Bangkok in February 1994,
and the second round, at Jakarta in January 1995, the next session
will be hosted by the ECO secretariat at Tehran during the first half
of 1997.  To highlight interregional cooperation, a background
document entitled "Promotion of trade and investment cooperation
between ASEAN and ECO - a case study", has been prepared by ESCAP as a
main background document for discussion at the forthcoming meeting.


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Date last posted: 28 December 1999 17:35:10
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