United Nations


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

5 August 1996



General Assembly
Fifty-first session
Item 26 of the provisional agenda*

*    A/51/150.


                        Report of the Secretary-General

1.   The present report has been prepared in accordance with General
Assembly resolution 50/1 of 12 October 1995.  Its purpose is to
facilitate a review by the Assembly of the cooperation and
coordination between the United Nations and the Economic Cooperation
Organization (ECO).

2.   A significant development in recent years has been the activation
of subregional organizations and the emergence of new subregional
groupings to pursue cooperative endeavours among neighbouring
countries in order to strengthen the development momentum.  The United
Nations has remained alert to these developments and has sought to
harness the potential offered by these opportunities for the benefit
of member States.

3.   A case in point is the growing cooperation between ECO and the
Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP). 
Given the fact that the 10 States members of ECO are also members of
ESCAP and that several of them share common problems as economies in
transition, a memorandum of understanding between ECO and ESCAP was
signed on 7 July 1993.

4.   Under the terms of the memorandum of understanding, ECO and ESCAP
agreed to cooperate and collaborate, to the extent possible, on
development issues and concerns of mutual interest; to develop and
implement, as appropriate, joint projects, including organizing
workshops, seminars and meetings on mutually identified areas of
priority concern; to exchange analytical reports and technical
publications on relevant economic and social development issues; to
establish linkages through the exchange of information, documentation
and ideas; and to cooperate in providing inputs to their respective
technical committees.  The memorandum of understanding also covers
specific fields for collaboration between the two organizations.

5.   In the transport sector, ESCAP participated in a meeting of
transport ministers of ECO member countries, which was held at Almaty,
Kazakstan, in October 1993 and which adopted an outline plan for the
development of the transport sector in the ECO region.  ESCAP also
collaborated with ECO in the implementation of a training seminar on
land transport facilitation measures, held at Tehran, in November
1994.  Under the Asian Land Transport Infrastructure Development
project, being implemented by ESCAP, three studies involving ECO
countries were completed in 1995, on:  (a) land transport linkages
from Kazakstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan to seaports in the Islamic
Republic of Iran, and Pakistan and to China in the east; (b)
development of a highway network in the Central Asian republics; and
(c) development of the Trans-Asian Railway in the southern corridor of
Asian-European routes.

6.   A project has been jointly prepared by ECO and ESCAP for the
purpose of undertaking a survey of economic resources to identify
opportunities for closer cooperation among the countries members of
ECO.  Discussions are also under way between ECO and ESCAP on
provision of technical assistance in the areas of privatization and
private sector development in the Central Asian republics, macro-
economic reforms, access of women to formal credit, and increased
productivity of the informal sector.

7.   A framework for regular dialogue between the two organizations has
been established through the Consultative Meetings between the
Executive Heads of Subregional Organizations and ESCAP.  The third
Consultative Meeting is expected to be hosted by the ECO secretariat
at Tehran during the first half of 1997.


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Date last posted: 28 December 1999 17:35:10
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