United Nations

A/51/138


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

17 May 1996

ORIGINAL:
RUSSIAN


                                                        A/51/138

General Assembly
Fifty-first session
Items 41 and 97 of the
  preliminary list*

*   A/51/50.


            SUPPORT BY THE UNITED NATIONS SYSTEM OF THE EFFORTS
              OF GOVERNMENTS TO PROMOTE AND CONSOLIDATE NEW OR   
                             RESTORED DEMOCRACIES

                   SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND INTERNATIONAL
                             ECONOMIC COOPERATION

               Letter dated 16 May 1996 from the representatives
                of Kazakstan and the Russian Federation to the   
               United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General


     We have the honour to transmit herewith the texts of the Joint
Russian-Kazak (Almaty) Declaration (see annex I) and the Joint
Statement on Cooperation in the Use of the Caspian Sea (see annex II),
which were adopted in Almaty on
27 April 1996.

     We should be grateful if you would have the text of this letter
and its annexes circulated as a document of the General Assembly under
items 41 and 97 of the preliminary list.


(Signed)  Yu. FEDOTOV                           (Signed)  A. ARYSTANBEKOVA
Acting Permanent Representative                     Permanent Representative
   of the Russian Federation                     of the Republic of Kazakstan
     to the United Nations                           to the United Nations


                                    ANNEX I

               Joint Russian-Kazak (Almaty) Declaration, adopted
                               on 27 April 1996


     The Presidents of the friendly States, the Russian Federation and
the Republic of Kazakstan,

     Resolved to form a strategic partnership and develop relations of
friendship, good-neighbourliness and mutual cooperation on the basis
of the universally recognized norms and principles of international
law,

     Reaffirming their commitment to the values of freedom, democracy,
supremacy of law and respect for human rights,

     Declare:

     The signing in Moscow on 29 March 1996 of the Treaty between the
Russian Federation, the Republic of Belarus, the Republic of Kazakstan
and the Kyrgyz Republic on the Deepening of Integration in the
Economic and Humanitarian Fields attests to the fact that relations
between the Russian Federation and Kazakstan and other States members
of the Commonwealth of Independent States have reached a new level.

     The Russian Federation and Kazakstan are confident that that
instrument will give a new impetus to the further integration of the
States members of the Commonwealth of Independent States.  We are
referring to the desire of the peoples and States of the Commonwealth
to make more effective use of their material and intellectual
potential with a view to stimulating their economies, raising their
standard of living and ensuring sustainable democratic development.

     The Russian Federation and Kazakstan reaffirm their commitment to
the principles set forth in the Treaty on Friendship, Cooperation and
Mutual Assistance of 25 May 1992 and the joint Declaration on the
Broadening and Deepening of Kazak-Russian Cooperation of 20 January
1995 and declare their intention to continue to follow strictly their
provisions.

     On the basis of the Treaty on Collective Security of 15 May 1992
and guided by the Treaty between the Russian Federation and the
Republic of Kazakstan on Military Cooperation of 28 March 1994, the
Russian Federation and Kazakstan shall continue to adhere to the
principles of concerted efforts to strengthen regional security and
development of cooperation in the field of defence.

     The Russian Federation and Kazakstan shall continue their
interaction in the field of foreign policy, bearing in mind the
coordination of their positions on international and regional issues
of common interest, as well as the coordination of their activities in
international organizations.

     The peoples of the Russian Federation and Kazakstan, exercising
their right to self-determination, have established free and sovereign
States.  The will of the peoples of the two countries and their
understanding of their historical destiny are reflected in their
participation in the process of representative democracy.  The
democratic transformations and economic reforms being carried out by
the Russian Federation and Kazakstan are of great importance for the
future of the peoples of the two countries.  The deepening of
integration on the basis of respect for sovereignty, independence,
observance of the principles of territorial integrity and non-
interference in each other's internal affairs is a major factor in the
social and economic development of the Russian Federation and
Kazakstan.

     The Russian Federation and Kazakstan shall strictly observe the
rights and freedoms of the individual, prohibiting discrimination on
the basis of nationality, and shall promote the development of
contacts between the citizens of the two countries, as well as
scientific and cultural exchanges.  The two States shall continue to
oppose resolutely any manifestations of national extremism, chauvinism
or separatism.  Particular attention shall be given to the broadening
of cooperation in the field of the social protection, equalization of
pensions, benefits and privileges for war and labour veterans, and
support for disabled persons and poor families.

     The Russian Federation and the Republic of Kazakstan are confident
that the development between them of relations of friendship, good-
neighbourliness and mutually advantageous cooperation is in keeping
with the basic interests of the multi-ethnic peoples of the two States
and is a reliable incentive for and a guarantee of the success of the
integration processes within the Commonwealth of Independent States
and an important contribution to the safeguarding of security and
stability in Central Asia.


(Signed)  B. YELTSIN                               (Signed)  N. NAZARBAEV
       President of the                                    President of the
      Russian Federation                               Republic of Kazakstan


                                   ANNEX II

         Joint Statement on Cooperation in the Use of the Caspian Sea,
                      adopted in Almaty on 27 April 1996


     The President of the Russian Federation, Mr. Boris N. Yeltsin, and
the President of the Republic of Kazakstan, Mr. Nursultan A.
Nazarbaev, having discussed, in Almaty on 27 April 1996, questions
relating to the legal status of the Caspian Sea and the development of
cooperation between the countries bordering the Caspian Sea, have
reached the following understanding:

     1.  The Parties consider that their immediate task is to conclude
a convention on the legal status of the Caspian Sea.  The new legal
status of the Caspian must be defined by the States that border the
Caspian Sea on the basis of consensus.  No one has the right to decide
the question of the legal status of the Caspian Sea on a unilateral
basis.  As a comprehensive decision, the legal status must include the
regulation of questions of navigation, the use of biological and
mineral resources, and ecology, including the rise in the sea level
and the definition of the jurisdictional limits of the littoral
States.

     The drafting of the convention on the legal status of the Caspian
Sea will be conducive to the conclusion of agreements on separate
aspects of activities on the Caspian Sea.

     2.  The Parties agree that the activities of the littoral States
on the Caspian Sea must be conducted in keeping with the following
principles:

     -   in their relations, the States bordering the Caspian Sea
         shall respect the principles of the Charter of the United
         Nations relating to respect for sovereignty, territorial
         integrity, political independence, the sovereign equality of
         States and the non-use of force or threat of the use of
         force;

     -   the use of the Caspian for exclusively peaceful purposes;

     -   the maintenance of the Caspian Sea as a zone of peace, good-
         neighbourliness, friendship and cooperation, and the peaceful
         settlement of all questions concerning the Caspian Sea;

     -   the protection of the environment and the prevention of the
         pollution of the Caspian Sea;

     -   the responsibility of the States bordering the Caspian Sea
         for any damage to the environment or each other as a result
         of their use of the Caspian Sea and exploitation of its
         resources;

     -   the freedom and safety of commercial shipping by States
         bordering the Caspian Sea;

     -   and the observance of any other principles that they may
         agree on among themselves.

     3.  The Parties agree that only vessels belonging to the States
bordering the Caspian Sea may sail on the Caspian Sea.

     The procedure and conditions for navigation on the Caspian shall
be defined in separate agreements.

     4.  The Parties are convinced that the joint participation in the
exploitation of the natural resources of the Caspian Sea is in keeping
with their mutual interests.  They recognize each other's right to
carry out activities with a view to exploiting the mineral and
biological resources of the Caspian Sea and shall exchange concrete
proposals on the development of mutually advantageous cooperation in
accordance with an agreed programme, including geophysical and
geological survey activities and the exploitation of hydrocarbon
deposits, bearing in mind the experience and capabilities of the
Parties.

     5.  The Parties are in favour of intensifying, and raising the
level of, negotiations between the States bordering the Caspian Sea
with respect to the legal status of the Caspian Sea and to this end
endorse the proposal to hold a meeting of the Ministers for Foreign
Affairs of the five littoral States to consider the legal status of
the Caspian Sea and other related questions.


(Signed)  B. YELTSIN                                 (Signed)  N. NAZARBAEV
       President of the                                     President of the
      Russian Federation                                 Republic of Kazakstan


                                     ----- 

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