United Nations


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

2 May 1996


General Assembly
Fifty-first session
Items 66, 71 and 97 of the
  preliminary list**

    **   A/51/50.



          Letter dated 2 May 1996 from the Permanent Representatives
          of China and the Russian Federation to the United Nations 
                       addressed to the Secretary-General

     We have the honour to transmit herewith the text, in Chinese and
Russian, of the Russian-Chinese Joint Declaration adopted during the
official visit of the President of the Russian Federation to the
People's Republic of China (see annex).

     We would be grateful if you would have the text of the present
letter and its annex circulated as an official document of the General
Assembly, under items 66, 71 and 97 of the preliminary list.

 (Signed)  QIN Huasun                           (Signed)  Sergey LAVROV       
           Ambassador                                      Ambassador         
  Permanent Representative of                      Permanent Representative of
the People's Republic of China                      the Russian Federation to 
     to the United Nations                             the United Nations     


                                              [Original:  Chinese and Russian]

          Joint Declaration by the People's Republic of China and the
            Russian Federation, adopted at Beijing on 25 April 1996

                            I.  BILATERAL RELATIONS

     The People's Republic of China and the Russian Federation
(hereinafter called "the two sides") hereby announce their resolve to
develop a strategic partnership of equality, mutual confidence and
mutual coordination for the twenty-first century.

     The two sides reiterate their strict observance of the various
principles set forth in the Joint Statement on the basis of relations
between the People's Republic of China and the Russian Federation
signed on 18 December 1992 and the Joint Statement by the People's
Republic of China and the Russian Federation signed on
3 September 1994.

     The two sides agree to maintain regular dialogue at various levels
and through various channels, believing that high- and top-level
contacts and consultations between the leaders of the two countries
are of particular importance.  It has been decided that a telephone
hot-line between the Chinese Government in Beijing and the Russian
Government in Moscow shall be set up for this purpose.

     The two sides have expressed their strict observance of the
Agreement on the Eastern Section of the Boundary between the People's
Republic of China and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics signed
on 16 May 1991 and the Agreement on the Western Section of the
Boundary between the People's Republic of China and the Russian
Federation signed on 3 September 1994.  The two sides agree to
continue their negotiations to resolve in a fair and equitable manner
the remaining boundary issues on which the two sides are yet to reach
agreement.  The two sides are determined to complete, as soon as
possible, the boundary survey and the erection of markers as
stipulated in the two above-mentioned agreements and to hold parallel
negotiations on the joint economic exploitation of the individual
border areas incorporated into the other side after the boundary

     The two sides believe the exchanges and cooperation between the
border areas and regions of the two countries constitute an important
part of the relations of good-neighbourliness, friendship and mutually
beneficial cooperation between China and the Russian Federation.  The
two sides stand ready to make continued joint efforts to provide
national support to and facilitate a healthy and orderly development
of these exchanges and cooperation.

     The two sides are ready to exchange experience and information
regularly on the social and economic development of their respective

     The People's Republic of China supports the measures and actions
adopted by the Russian Federation in safeguarding its national unity
and considers that the question of Chechnya is a domestic affair of
the Russian Federation.

     The Russian Federation reiterates that the Government of the
People's Republic of China is the sole legal Government representing
the whole of China and that Taiwan is an inalienable part of the
Chinese territory.  The Russian Federation will not establish official
relations nor enter into official contacts with Taiwan.  The Russian
Federation always recognizes Tibet as an inseparable part of China.

     The two sides are satisfied with the gradual increase of bilateral
trade after overcoming a drop in the volume of the two-way trade in
1994, and will take strong measures to further expand and develop
their economic cooperation and trade by taking advantage of their
unique geographical proximity and economic complementarity.

     With the deepening of reforms in the two countries' economic
structures and foreign trade systems, both sides will continue to
develop, on the basis of equality, mutual benefit and conformity with
international trade practices, their multiform trade, economic and
technological cooperation with cash transactions as the mainstay.  The
two Governments will provide favourable conditions and necessary
support for the cooperation between the main bodies of the bilateral
economic cooperation and trade, primarily their large and medium-sized
enterprises and corporations which possess a good business reputation
and strong economic capacity.

     The two sides will pay greater attention to their cooperation on
the major projects in manufacturing and scientific and technological
development, regarding them as important vehicles for upgrading their
bilateral cooperation.  They hold that such fields as energy, machine
building, aviation, space, agriculture, communications and high
technology should be made priorities in bilateral cooperation on major
projects.  The two sides will engage in further cooperation with each
other in developing new techniques which will ensure breakthroughs in
scientific and technological progress in various fields in line with
their respective potentials for the benefit of the peoples of the two
countries and the international community at large.

     The two sides reiterate their observance of the Joint Statement
signed by the Presidents of the People's Republic of China and the
Russian Federation on 3 September 1994 pertaining to the non-targeting
of their strategic nuclear weapons at and non-first-use of nuclear
weapons against each other.

     The two sides consider that the signing of the Agreement on
Confidence Building in the Military Field along Border Areas is of
great significance and are resolved to take concrete and effective
measures for its implementation so as to turn their common border into
one of peace, tranquillity, friendship and good-neighbourliness.  They
agree to continue efforts for the speedy conclusion of an agreement on
the mutual reduction of military forces in the border areas.  The
troops remaining after the reduction will only be of a defensive

     The two sides express their readiness to further develop friendly
exchanges between their military forces at various levels and further
strengthen their cooperation on military technology on the basis of
equality and mutual benefit, bearing in mind their respective
international obligations.  They declare that the development of
military relations between China and the Russian Federation and their
cooperation in the field of military technology are not directed
against any third country or country bloc.  They reiterate their
willingness to maintain proper transparency of their cooperation in
military technology and to provide relevant information to the United
Nations Register of Conventional Arms.

     To buttress the foundation of their good-neighbourly and friendly
relations for the twenty-first century, the two countries agree to
establish a Sino-Russian Friendship Committee for Peace and
Development which is to be composed of representatives from all walks
of life in the two countries.


     The two sides are of the view that today's world is in the process
of undergoing profound and complicated changes.  The trend towards a
multipolar world is developing, and the desire for peace, stability,
cooperation and development has constituted the mainstream of present
international life.  However, the world is far from being tranquil. 
Hegemonism, power politics and the repeated imposition of pressure on
other countries have continued to occur.  Bloc politics has assumed
new guises.  World peace and development still face serious

     China and the Russian Federation, which made enormous
contributions to and sustained major national sacrifices in the final
victory over the dark forces of fascism, call upon the countries in
the world to draw lessons from history, always bearing in mind the
scourges of war and cherishing the hard-won peace.  The two countries
wish to join the rest of the world in a concerted effort to win
lasting and stable peace for both the current generation and

     The two sides call upon all peace-loving countries and peoples
throughout the world to cooperate closely and work together to
establish a just and equitable international political and economic
order and promote regional and global peace, stability, development
and prosperity on the basis of the principles of mutual respect for
sovereignty and territorial integrity, mutual non-aggression, non-
interference in each other's internal affairs, equality and mutual
benefit and peaceful coexistence, as well as of the accepted norms
governing international relations.

     The two sides agree to strengthen their cooperation in areas where
they share common or similar positions, and to find ways for mutual
understanding in areas where they hold different positions.  The two
sides reiterate that mutual respect and equality are important
principles for maintaining and developing normal and healthy relations
between States.  All countries, big or small, whether they are
developed, developing or with an economy in transition, are equal
members of the international community.  People of every country have
the right to choose independently, in the light of their respective
national conditions and free from outside interference, their social
system and course and mode of development.

     The two sides express their readiness to conduct an active
dialogue on questions pertaining to strategic stability and to promote
and expedite, through their concrete actions, the processes of arms
reduction and disarmament - nuclear disarmament first and foremost. 
The two sides welcome the indefinite extension of the Treaty on the
Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, commit themselves to active
cooperation for strengthening the non-proliferation regime and appeal
to non-signatories to the Treaty to accede to it.  Both sides will
make efforts and cooperate with other countries for an early
conclusion of a comprehensive test-ban treaty, value the speedy coming
into effect of the Chemical Weapons Convention and call for
accelerated progress in further improving the effectiveness of the
Biological Weapons Convention.  The two sides are ready to step up
bilateral and multilateral cooperation on effective and responsible
oversight of transfers of conventional weapons, particularly to
regions of conflict.

     The two sides agree to strengthen cooperation in enhancing the
efficiency and ability for action of the United Nations.  They point
out that the United Nations has contributed to maintaining
international peace and security.  They believe that the United
Nations constitutes a unique mechanism for cooperation for peace,
development and security and, therefore, bears on its shoulders the
mission of facing up to the global challenges of the twenty-first
century.  In order to adapt itself to the changed international
situation and to increase efficiency, the United Nations and its
agencies should carry out appropriate reforms so as to better perform
the duties entrusted to them by the Charter of the United Nations. 
The work and the decision-making process of the Organization should
give better expression to the common desire and collective will of all
the Members of the United Nations.

     The two sides believe it necessary to further enhance the
efficiency of United Nations peace-keeping operations and are ready to
cooperate towards this end.  The two sides are of the view that the
peace-keeping operations should, based on the Charter of the United
Nations, strictly abide by the important principles of:  agreement
among all parties concerned, impartiality, neutrality, non-
interference in each other's internal affairs and non-use of force
except self-defence.  In carrying out peace-keeping operations, there
should be no "double standards" and these operations should under no
circumstances lead to expansion or escalation of conflicts.  The
imposition of sanctions must be handled with prudence and the negative
consequences arising from sanctions in international practice must be
given due attention.

     The two sides consider that in preserving the main responsibility
of the Security Council of safeguarding world peace and security, and
in accordance with Chapter VIII of the Charter, efforts should be made
to promote cooperation between the United Nations and regional
organizations in preventing and mediating peacefully disputes and
conflicts, and to promote more constructive and healthy coordination
between the non-governmental organizations engaged in economic and
social development, humanitarian assistance and other areas, and the
United Nations and its specialized agencies in the above areas.

     The two sides are in favour of the establishment of a new
international economic order on the basis of fair and mutually
beneficial cooperation on an equal footing and non-discrimination in
international trade.  The reform of the economic and social
development agencies of the United Nations should contribute to
strengthening the role of the Organization in the area of development
and better represent the needs of the international community, the
large number of developing nations in particular, under the new
circumstances.  Both sides believe that it is necessary for the United
Nations to formulate an Agenda for Development based on General
Assembly resolutions and hope that the conclusion and adoption of the
Agenda for Development will help the international community achieve
the objective of sustainable development, contribute to the economic
growth and social development of the developing countries and promote
international cooperation and global development.

     The two sides declare that they will strike resolutely against
acts of terror or organized transnational crimes of any sort and shall
exchange experience and strengthen cooperation regularly on a
bilateral and a multilateral basis.

     The two sides agree to enhance coordination and cooperation in
ensuring safe navigation passage and fighting piracy, smuggling and
illegal drug trafficking and to collaborate with each other in the
fields of oceanography, meteorology, seismology, disaster reduction
and marine rescue operations.

     The two sides resolve to enhance bilateral and multilateral
cooperation in environmental protection, which, they believe, has
become a matter of global significance.

                     AND THE PACIFIC

     The two sides agree that the Asia-Pacific region, which has
enjoyed relative political stability and rapid economic growth since
the end of the cold war, will play a significant role in the coming
century.  China and the Russian Federation are both ready to continue
their efforts for peace, stability and the development of the Asia-
Pacific region.

     The two sides are in favour of the nations of Asia and the Pacific
conducting bilateral and regional dialogues on security matters in
various forms, at various levels and through various channels to
strengthen security and cooperation in the region in the light of the
diversity of the region and pursuant to the principles of reaching
consensus through consultations and gradualism.  China and the Russian
Federation are committed to developing dialogue and cooperation in the
Asia-Pacific region on a bilateral and a multilateral basis.  The two
sides agree that the Agreement on Confidence Building in the Military
Field in the Border Areas between China and the Russian Federation,
Kazakstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, the Agreement between the
Chinese and the Russian Governments on the Prevention of Dangerous
Military Activities as well as the Association of South-East Asian
Nations (ASEAN) regional forum are all of great significance.

     The two sides believe that stability in social and economic
development is an important factor ensuring regional security and

     The two sides are in favour of the continued promotion of friendly
exchanges among the people of various countries so as to enhance
mutual understanding and confidence, and are against stirring up
national, ethnic and religious conflicts.

     The two sides will promote each other's participation in
multilateral economic cooperation in Asia and the Pacific.  The
Chinese side reaffirms its support to the application of the Russian
Federation for admission to the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
Council (APEC).  The two sides stand ready to renew their commitment
to strengthening security, stability and economic cooperation in
north-eastern Asia and to coordinate and consult with each other and
with all other concerned nations for this purpose.

(Signed)  JIANG Zemin                                (Signed)  Boris YELTSIN  
           President                                             President    
 People's Republic of China                                 Russian Federation


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Date last posted: 28 December 1999 17:35:10
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