United Nations

A/C.3/51/9


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

30 October 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


General Assembly
Fifty-first session
THIRD COMMITTEE
Agenda item 110


                            HUMAN RIGHTS QUESTIONS

          Letter dated 25 October 1996 from the Permanent Representative
          of Azerbaijan to the United Nations addressed to the
                               Secretary-General


     On instructions from my Government, I have the honour to transmit
to you herewith information on the grave violations of human rights
committed during the course of the aggression of the Republic of
Armenia against the Azerbaijani Republic (see annex), together with
lists of missing women, children and the elderly.*  (*  Available for
consultation in the files of the Secretariat.)

     I should be grateful if you would have the present letter and
above-mentioned information circulated as a document of the General
Assembly under agenda item 110.


                                                 (Signed)  Eldar KOULIYEV     
                                                             Ambassador       
                                                      Permanent Representative


                                     ANNEX

                                                          [Original:  Russian]

           Information on the grave violations of human rights committed
           during the course of the Armenian aggression against Azerbaijan


     The armed aggression of the Republic of Armenia against the
Azerbaijani Republic pursuant to its policy of violent acquisition of
territory and its plans to establish a "Greater Armenia" has resulted
in gross and flagrant violations of human rights which fall within the
category of crimes against humanity.

     The armed hostilities against Azerbaijan were preceded by
anti-constitutional actions in the Nagorny Karabakh region of
Azerbaijan perpetrated by separatist groups receiving outside support;
forming the backdrop to these actions were certain decisions taken by
the Armenian authorities in contravention of international law.  Of
these decisions, the most notorious is the resolution "Reunification
of the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic and Nagorny Karabakh"
adopted by the Armenian Parliament on 1 December 1989.  Moreover, in
Armenia's declaration of sovereignty of 23 August 1990, part of the
territory of another State - the Nagorny Karabakh region of Azerbaijan
- is recognized as an integral part of the Republic of Armenia.  These
decisions by the Armenian Parliament were enacted by its armed forces
with the widespread use of mercenary bands and a sudden upsurge in
terrorist activity by the Armenian special services and terrorist
organizations against sovereign Azerbaijan with a view to wresting
away part of its age-old lands.  All-out hostilities began at the end
of 1991 and the start of 1992 when Armenian armed formations initiated
combat operations in the Nagorny Karabakh region of Azerbaijan using
the very latest weapons systems.  Since May 1992 their armed forces
have made incursions beyond the borders of the former Nagorny Karabakh
Autonomous Region into other parts of the country.

     As a result of more than eight years of war, approximately 20 per
cent of the entire territory of Azerbaijan, comprising Nagorny
Karabakh and an area four times bigger than that region, has been
occupied and held by the Armenian armed forces.

     A chronological list of the seizure of Azerbaijani towns and
districts follows:

     28 February 1992 - Khojaly
     8 May 1992 - Shusha
     18 May 1992 - Lachin
     3 April 1993 - Kelbajar
     28 June 1993 - Agdere
     23 July 1993 - Agdam
     23 August 1993 - Fizuli
     26 August 1993 - Djebrail
     30 September 1993 - Kubatly
     28 October 1993 - Zangelan and Goradiz

     It should be noted in particular that the Agdere and Agdam
districts of Azerbaijan were seized by Armenian armed forces following
the adoption of Security Council resolution 822 (1993) of 30 April
1993, which condemned the occupation of the Kelbajar district; the
Fizuli district was seized after the adoption of Security Council
resolution 853 (1993) of 29 July 1993 condemning the seizure of the
Agdam district; and the Djebrail and Kubatly districts were seized
after the adoption of Security Council resolution 874 (1993) of
14 October 1993.  In its resolution 884 (1993) of 11 November 1993,
the Council condemned the occupation of the Zangelan district and the
city of Goradiz, attacks on civilians and bombardments of the
territory of the Azerbaijani Republic.  In all the above-mentioned
resolutions, the Council underscored respect for the sovereignty,
territorial integrity and inviolability of the borders of the
Azerbaijani Republic, and the inadmissibility of using force to
acquire territory.  It also demanded the immediate cessation of armed
hostilities and hostile acts, and the immediate, full and
unconditional withdrawal of all occupying forces from the occupied
areas of Azerbaijan.  Despite the unequivocal demands of the Security
Council, the Republic of Armenia is today still holding on to occupied
Azerbaijani territory and increasing its military presence there.

     As a result of the aggression and ethnic cleansing of Azerbaijanis
from the territory of Armenia proper and from the occupied part of the
territory of Azerbaijan, there are currently over 1 million refugees
and displaced persons in Azerbaijan.  A total of 900 settlements have
been looted and destroyed.  Over 9 million square metres of civilian
housing, state enterprises and social facilities have been destroyed
and burnt.  The total cost of the destroyed housing and the property
removed therefrom amounts to tens of billions of dollars.  An
extremely serious humanitarian situation has developed in Azerbaijan.

     Every year hundreds of elderly people, women and children die in
refugee camps as a result of diseases and epidemics.

     The Armenian armed forces, backed by mercenary formations and
Armenian terrorist groups, have killed over 18,000 people and wounded
or maimed over 50,000.  Several thousand people are missing and
extrajudicial executions and mass shootings of civilians have been
carried out.  Kidnapped hostages held in Armenia and the occupied
areas of Azerbaijan are doing forced labour and being made to endure
inhumane treatment, beatings, torture and other gross violations of
their human rights.

     According to information from the State Commission of the
Azerbaijani Republic on prisoners of war, hostages and missing
persons, as a result of Armenian aggression these categories comprised
4,674 Azerbaijani citizens as at 1 March 1996.  This total includes
314 women, 60 children and 252 elderly people (lists of missing women,
children and elderly people are attached).  The State Commission knows
the whereabouts of over 900 of these people, including 39 women, 12
children and 39 elderly people, in the territory of the Republic of
Armenia and the occupied Azerbaijani territories.  The vast majority
of them are being detained by the Armenian side without the knowledge
of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), and therefore
do not appear on that organization's lists.

     The hostages and prisoners of war held by the Armenians, many of
whom are considered missing persons since they are being concealed
from the ICRC, are forced to do heavy physical labour, subjected to
beatings and torture, and the sick and wounded are denied basic
medical assistance.  The State Commission has learnt that 145
Azerbaijanis have died in Armenian captivity.  Four people, who
endured indescribable degradation and suffering, died shortly after
being released.


                 Ethnic cleansing of Armenian territory of its
                            Azerbaijani inhabitants

     The widespread settlement of Transcaucasia by Armenians began
after tsarist Russia's military conquest of the Caucasus.  Taking
advantage of the changed demographic situation, the Armenians, under
the tutelage of the rulers of tsarist Russia and, later, the communist
leaders of the Soviet Union, encroached on the native Azerbaijani
population in various parts of the region.

     It is a matter of historical fact that in 1828-1829 alone, 130,000
Armenians were resettled out of Middle Eastern countries into the area
now forming the Republic of Armenia; another 600,000 were resettled
later.

     By 1918, the number of Azerbaijanis in what is now Armenia stood
at 575,000 - more than a third of all the inhabitants of the area. 
But as a result of the Armenian Government's deliberate policy of
expelling the Azerbaijani population, there remains today in Armenia
not a single Azerbaijani out of that half-million-strong community.

     Between December 1917 and the end of June 1918, Armenian army
units plundered and burnt 200 Azerbaijani villages in Erevan province. 
The surviving inhabitants fled to the mountains, where they died of
cold and starvation.  Over that period, Armenian troops occupied the
whole of the Surmalin district and parts of the Erevan, Echmiadzin and
Sharur districts, which they purged of Azerbaijanis by force of arms.

     Throughout Armenia between 1918 and 1920, Azerbaijanis were
subjected to violence of unimaginable savagery.  Sixty Azerbaijani
villages were destroyed and all their male inhabitants killed in the
districts of Igdir and Echmiadzin; in Geichin province, 22 villages
were destroyed and 60,000 inhabitants killed; in Yeni Bayazid, 84
villages and 15,000 homes were destroyed.  Over the summer and autumn
of 1918, 115 Azerbaijani villages and hamlets in the district of
Zangezur were destroyed; 7,729 Azerbaijanis were brutally murdered -
3,257 men, 2,276 women and 2,196 children.

     Forced deportations and mass killings of the peaceable Azerbaijani
population continued into 1920.  The remnants of the Azerbaijani
population in Erevan province and the Zangezur and Echmiadzin
districts were driven out or annihilated, and their villages ploughed
into the ground.

     Research has shown that around 2 million Azerbaijanis and members
of other ethnic groups were killed, wounded or forcibly expelled over
this period.

     One of the leading figures in the Kremlin, A. Mikoyan, played a
major role in the execution of the Armenian nationalists' plans for
the ethnic cleansing of Armenia.  Making use of his influence over
Stalin, he secured the signature of the "little father of the peoples"
on decrees by the Council of Ministers of the Union of Soviet
Socialist Republics No. 4083 of 23 December 1947, "Resettlement of
collective farmers and other Azerbaijani inhabitants from the Armenian
SSR to the Kur-Arax Depression in the Azerbaijani SSR", and No. 754 of
10 March 1948, "Action to resettle collective farmers and other
Azerbaijani inhabitants from the Armenian SSR to the Kur-Arax
Depression in the Azerbaijani SSR".  Under these decrees, during the
period 1948-1951 more than 100,000 Azerbaijanis were forcibly
resettled from their historical homelands - the mountainous regions of
Armenia - to the then waterless steppes of Mugan and the Mil plateau. 
Many of them could not withstand the ordeal and perished.

     The forcing of the Azerbaijanis out of Armenia was accompanied by
flagrant discrimination in breach of their constitutional rights and a
refusal to cater to their national and cultural interests.  Hundreds
of thousands of the Azerbaijanis who remained in Armenia until 1988,
surviving as compact groups, displayed none of the hallmarks even of
national cultural autonomy.  Attempts to so much as mention this were
promptly, roughly and savagely suppressed.  In essence, access for
Azerbaijanis in Armenia to employment in state entities was barred.

     In the winter of 1988, a fresh bout of ethnic cleansing began as
the culmination of a deliberate policy to destroy all trace of the
very existence of Azerbaijanis in Armenia.  Under instructions from,
and with the blessing of, the Armenian authorities, the remaining
40,897 Azerbaijani families (185,519 individuals) were forcibly
deported from their historical homelands within the present-day
Armenian State, and left without homes or belongings.  

     The mass expulsion was accompanied by killings and maimings.  In
the space of just three days, from 27 to 29 November 1988, pogroms in
the Armenian towns of Gugark, Spitak and Stepanavan killed 33
Azerbaijanis.

     In all, according to figures from the State Prosecutors's Office
of the Azerbaijani Republic, 216 Azerbaijanis died during the ethnic
cleansing in Armenian territory in 1988-1989; 49 froze to death,
seeking safety from reprisals in the mountains; 41 died of savage
beatings; 35 were killed after torture; 115 were burnt alive; 16 were
shot; 10, unable to endure the humiliation, died of heart attacks; 2
were killed right in hospital by their Armenian doctors; 3 were
drowned; 1 was hanged; 1, not wishing to die an agonizing death, took
his own life; 1 was electrocuted; 2 were beheaded; 29 were
deliberately run over; 3 died in hospital because they were not given
medical attention; and a further 8 were abducted and vanished without
trace.

     The majority of the dead were children, women and elderly people. 
They included 5 infants and 18 children of various ages.  Seven-year-
old Zokhra Nabieva was burnt alive.  Three-year-old Rakhman Mamedov
was not given the doctor's attention he needed, and subsequently died. 
Seven children froze to death, two died after savage beatings, two
were shot.  Elman Aliev, three years old, suffered a heart attack. 
Six were unable to withstand brutal torture and died; three were run
over.

     Fifty-seven Azerbaijani women came to a tragic end on Armenian
soil.  Seven were beaten to death, five froze, four died under
torture, three of heart attacks, two under the wheels of cars; one was
decapitated, one was drowned, one was burnt, two died of gunshot
wounds for which they did not receive the necessary medical attention,
and one was killed by doctors in hospital.  The remainder disappeared
without trace and are probably dead, given than there has been no news
of them for a long time now.

     Sixty elderly Azerbaijanis (over 60 years of age) also died during
their expulsion from Armenia, among them 20 women.  In most cases
their deaths resulted from torture, bullet wounds, heart attacks,
beatings and frostbite.  Gyulsum Aliev, aged 76, Khanum Iskenderov,
aged 73, Mekhrali Aliev, aged 68, Garib Bairamov, aged 67 and Leila
Huseinova, aged 63, were burnt.  A doctor killed Hasan Ellazov, aged
68, in hospital.  The most widespread atrocities occurred in the Gukar
district, where 22 Azerbaijanis lost their lives, 13 of them being
burnt to death.  Crimes against the Azerbaijani population were also
committed in the Kalinin, Goris, Stepanavan, Vardenis, Masis, Spitak,
Ararat, Kirovakan, Ijevan, Krasnoselsk, Ekhegnadzor, Amasia, Kafan,
Abovyan, Sevan and Noyemberian districts of Armenia.

     Virtually all the attacks on Azerbaijani settlements had the
blessing of the official Armenian authorities and were commanded by
local leaders and responsible figures or by members of the local law-
enforcement bodies.

     During the forcible expulsion of the Azerbaijanis, hundreds of
historical relics testifying to the fact that Azerbaijanis had for
centuries belonged on the land in what is today Armenia were either
destroyed or altered to look Armenian.  Islamic places of worship and
the graves in Azerbaijani cemeteries were defiled; mosques and tombs
were damaged or broken up for building materials.

     To erase from history the fact that Azerbaijanis had lived in
Armenia, the names of some 2,000 towns and villages that formerly bore
Azerbaijani names have been changed; 465 villages were renamed between
1935 and 1973, and 97 in April 1991.

     The concluding, tragic chord had been played in a meticulously
planned campaign of physical extermination of the Azerbaijanis, once
the most populous of the national minorities in the Republic of
Armenia.


           THE FACTS CONCERNING THE GROSS VIOLATIONS OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN
           THE PART OF THE AZERBAIJANI REPUBLIC OCCUPIED BY THE ARMED
                       FORCES OF THE REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA

           Arbitrary and extrajudicial executions and mass shootings

     Khojaly

     One of the most heinous crimes against the Azerbaijani people was
the brutal annihilation of hundreds of blameless inhabitants of the
town of Khojaly, in the Nagorny Karabakh region of the Azerbaijani
Republic, which was taken by Armenian troops on the night of
25/26 February 1992.  The Armenian armed forces and mercenary units
spared virtually none of those who had been unable to flee Khojaly and
the surrounding area.  In the words of the journalist
Chingiz Mustafaev, among the dead were "... dozens upon dozens of
children between 2 and 15 years old, women and old people, in most
cases shot at point-blank range in the head.  The position of the
bodies indicated that the people had been killed in cold blood,
calculatedly, without any sign of a struggle or of having tried to
escape.  Some had been taken aside and shot singly; many had been
killed as whole families at once.  Some corpses displayed several
wounds, one of which was invariably in the head, suggesting that the
wounded had been finished off.  Some children were found with severed
ears; the skin had been cut from the left side of an elderly woman's
face; and men had been scalped.  There were corpses that had clearly
been robbed.  The first time we arrived at the scene of the shootings
of 28 February, accompanied by two military helicopters, we saw from
the air an open area about one kilometre across which was strewn with
corpses almost everywhere ..."  (Khojaly - The Last Day, Baku,
Azerbaijan publishing house, 1992)

     An inhabitant of Khojaly, Djanan Orudjev, also provided
information on the many victims, chiefly women and children.  His 16-
year-old son was shot, and his 23-year-old daughter with her twin
children and another, 18-year-old daughter who was pregnant, were
taken hostage.  Saria Talybova, who witnessed the bloody tragedy as it
unfolded, watched as four Meskhetian Turks, refugees from Central
Asia, and three Azerbaijanis were beheaded on the grave of an Armenian
soldier, and children were tortured and killed before their parents'
eyes; two Azerbaijanis in national army uniform had their eyes put out
with screwdrivers.  The organized nature of the extermination of the
people of Khojaly was further evident from the fact that the peaceful
inhabitants who fled the town in desperation to save their lives were
killed outside it in previously prepared ambushes.  For example,
Elman Mamedov, chief of administration in Khojaly, reported that a
large group of people who had left Khojaly came under heavy fire from
Armenian light and heavy machine-guns and armoured personnel carriers
near the village of Nakhichevanik.  Another resident of Khojaly,
Sanubar Alekperova, said she would never forget the mountains of
corpses of women, children and old people near Nakhichevanik, where
they fell into an ambush:  in the carnage, her mother and her two
daughters, Sevinzh and Khidzhran, were killed and she herself was
wounded.  Faced with this mass shooting-down of unarmed people, some
of the group made for the village of Gyulably, but there the Armenians
took some 200 people hostage.  Among them was Dzhamil Mamedov; the
Armenians tore out his nails, beat him about the legs and head and
took away his grandson, and his wife and daughter vanished without
trace.  (Khojaly - The Last Day, op. cit.)

     "I had heard a lot about wars, about the cruelty of the Fascists,
but the Armenians were worse, killing five- and six-year-old children,
killing innocent civilians", said a French journalist, Jean-
Yves Junet, who visited the scene of this mass murder of women, old
people, children and defenders of Khojaly.  (Khojaly - The Last Day,
op. cit.)

     One of the French journalist's Russian colleagues, V. Belykh, a
correspondent for the newspaper Izvestia, reported seeing bodies with
their eyes gouged out or ears cut off and bodies that had been scalped
or beheaded.  (Khojaly - The Last Day, op. cit.)

     The head of the Armenian Defence Ministry's medical service,
Khandar Gadzhiev - a man not unfamiliar, by reason of his job, with
the spectacle of death and suffering - was horrified by the evidence
of savage reprisals against the inhabitants of Khojaly brought before
him:  a guardsman with his intestines hanging out, people with
frostbite, a child whose leg had been torn off by heavy machine-gun
fire, a girl whose face had been slashed with a knife. 
Major Leonid Kravets reported that he had "personally seen about 200
bodies" and that with him had been a local policeman who, "when he saw
his four-year-old son lying among the dead with his head split open,
went out of his mind with grief".  (Khojaly - The Last Day, op. cit.)

     The report of Memorial, the Moscow-based human rights group, on
the massive violations of human rights committed in the taking of
Khojaly says of the civilians' flight from the town:  "The fugitives
fell into ambushes set by the Armenians and came under fire.  Some of
them nonetheless managed to get into Agdam; others, mostly women and
children (exactly how many it is impossible to say), froze to death
while lost in the mountains; others still, according to testimony from
those who reached Agdam, were taken prisoner near the villages of
Pirdzhamal and Nakhichevanik.  There is evidence from inhabitants of
Khojaly who have already been exchanged that some of the prisoners
were shot ...  Around 200 bodies were brought into Agdam in the space
of four days.  Scores of the corpses bore traces of profanation. 
Doctors on a hospital train in Agdam noted no less than four corpses
that had been scalped and one that had been beheaded.  State forensic
examinations were carried out in Agdam on 181 corpses (130 male and 51
female, including 13 children):  the findings were that 151 people had
died from gunshot wounds, 20 from shrapnel wounds and 10 from blows
inflicted with a blunt instrument ...  The records of the hospital
train in Agdam, through which almost all the injured inhabitants or
defenders of Khojaly passed, refer to 598 cases of wounds or frostbite
(cases of frostbite being in the majority) and one case of live
scalping".  ("A tragedy whose perpetrators cannot be vindicated.  A
report by Memorial, the Moscow-based human rights group, on the
massive violations of human rights committed in the taking of Khojaly
on the night of 25/26 February 1992 by armed units", newspaper
Svoboda, 12 June 1992.)

     Individual testimony

     On 18 April 1994, Binnat Akhmedov, a resident of the village of
Bashlybely in the Kelbajar district, saw three Armenian soldiers gun
down 10 peaceful civilians at point-blank range and wound 14 others.

     On 17 August 1993, Armenian soldiers shot and killed 25 civilian
inhabitants of the village of Gajar in the Fizuli district whom they
had encircled.

     Rafik Guliev, from the village of Gorgan in the Fizuli district,
who was taken hostage by Armenian troops on 23 October 1993, testified
after his release that Armenian soldiers had shot dead 30 civilians
before his eyes.

     When she returned from Armenian captivity, Arzu Amralieva reported
that on 18 April 1993, 19 people were shot on the spot and 30,
including some of her relatives, were taken hostage.

     A 57-year-old man, Hasan Hasanov, reported that on 23 October
1993, 26 out of 40 defenceless people detained in the district of
Goradiz were killed.

     A 61-year-old man, Budag Alyshanov, saw an Armenian by the name of
Arkady brutally murder five Azerbaijanis who had been engaged in
excessive forced labour.

     Vladimir Shevelev (date of birth 1926), who was taken hostage on
22 June 1994 and released from Erevan on 10 September 1994, said that
Armenian soldiers shot and killed his mother, sister and infirm, bed-
ridden brother.  According to his testimony, when, after several
months had passed, he was allowed to bury his relatives, their bones,
parts of his sister's body and her head were found in separate places. 
He also reported having seen numerous corpses of women and children
that had been disfigured to the point of being unrecognizable.

     Inhuman treatment of hostages and prisoners of war held in
     occupied Azerbaijani territory

     The crimes of the Armenian soldiery continued in the captured
areas and outside the Nagorny Karabakh region of the Azerbaijani
Republic:  the victims of their mass terror included many thousands of
inhabitants of the Lachin, Kelbajar, Agdam, Fizuli, Djebrail, Zangelan
and Kubatly districts of Azerbaijan.  
     On 31 March 1993, during the occupation by the Armenian armed
forces of the town of Kelbajar, a 29-year-old woman, Samaya Kerimova,
and her two-year-old daughter, Nurlan Kerimova, were taken hostage. 
Unable to withstand the mental and physical humiliation to which she
and her child were subjected, Samaya twice slit her wrists and
eventually killed herself by swallowing poison.  Nurlan was bought
back from the Armenians for 1.5 million roubles, but, because of a
head injury, the child, who spent four months in detention, is now
blind.

     A one-year-old boy, Babek Ilyasov, suffered severe damage to an
eyelid and an eye because of the explosion of a shell, but he was
given no medical assistance whatever during the time he was in
captivity.  He was released with the help of the ICRC.  Doctors
believe there is no hope of saving the child's eye.

     On 31 March 1993, Takhir Guliev, who was born in 1956 and lived in
the village of Kilseli in the Kelbajar district, was taken hostage
together with his wife, their three-year-old child and close
relatives.  The vehicle in which they were trying to flee their home
was fired on at close range by Armenian soldiers, resulting in the
deaths of Islam Guliev (date of birth 1978), Ilkhama Gulieva (date of
birth 1983), Talekh Mamedov (date of birth 1985) and Aslan Mirzoev and
his daughter Afetin, and in serious injuries to the other passengers,
including Takhir Guliev's wife and daughter and his wife's 80-year-old
mother.  When, with the help of the ICRC, he returned from being held
prisoner by the Armenians, Guliev testified that Azerbaijani hostages
and prisoners of war were subjected by their Armenian captors to
savage beatings and insults and that many of them were unable to
withstand this and died.  When he complained about this to ICRC
representatives, he was badly beaten in front of his wife and
daughter.

     Mikhail Abutalybov, a resident of the village of Bozuly in the
Kelbajar district who was born in 1955, was taken hostage together
with hundreds of peaceful Azerbaijani citizens on 7 May 1993.  During
his time in Armenian captivity, he was beaten and made to do excessive
forced labour every day.  He confirmed that the Armenians were holding
thousands of women, old people and children hostage.

     During the seizure by troops from the Republic of Armenia of the
Azerbaijani town of Agdam, a car containing six members of the Aliev
family - two women (one of them elderly), two men (one of them
elderly) and two children (aged eight and three respectively) - was
fired on as it was heading out of town.  The elderly man and the
eight-year-old child were killed outright and the other passengers
were all wounded, the three-year-old boy, Shovgi Khagani ogly Aliev,
in the shoulder.  When the Armenian "doctors" operated on him in
Hangendi, they removed a third of the humerus and muscles above the
elbow of his right arm.  Thanks to the efforts of the ICRC, the boy,
his seriously wounded mother and his grandmother were returned to
their homeland.  After a medical examination in Baku, doctors
concluded that the removal of bone from this three-year-old child had
been completely unnecessary and that his wound had not justified such
treatment.  It is not impossible that the removal was performed for
the purposes of transplantation.

     The seizure of seven seriously ill patients from Agdam's
psychiatric hospital is a flagrant example of the Armenian soldiery's
crimes.  Three of them were released after being held for a year, but
three others are languishing to this day in Armenian captivity.  The
seventh is dead as a result of constant torture.

     Ofelya Gulieva, a 16-year-old girl with a bullet wound, was held
hostage for more than 18 months.  Because of the lack of prompt
medical assistance, her wound became gangrenous.  On 3 June 1994 she
suffered further wounds, in the stomach and right hand, when a guard
acting for the Armenians fired at her with a sub-machine-gun.  This
led to the amputation of two of her fingers.  She was not released
until 28 July 1994, when she was exchanged for an Armenian prisoner of
war.

     Murvat Agaev, a man from the village of Khyurdmakhmudly in the
Fizuli district, was taken hostage together with his son, Yashar, who
was killed before his eyes.  He himself was severely beaten and his
ear was cut off.  Later, his hands were bound with wire, he was
suspended from a tree above an open fire and his feet were burned.

     Tamasha Geidar gyzy Nukhieva, an 83-year-old woman from the
village of Korzylly in the district of Fizuli, suffered such
nightmarish treatment that she died three days after she was
exchanged.  Her 47-year-old invalid son, Vagif Gutais ogly Nukhiev,
died while a hostage from the injuries he received.

     Rafik Guliev, a resident of the village of Gorgan in the Fizuli
district, who was taken hostage by troops from the Republic of Armenia
on 23 October 1993, testified after his release that Armenian soldiers
had shot dead 30 civilians before his eyes and that other hostages
were subjected to brutal physical and mental torture, including
branding of their chests, beatings with heated iron bars and stuffing
of their mouths with burning coals.  Children were used for heavy
labour.

     Sharif Yusifov, born in 1925, a resident of the village of
Chaitumas in the Gubatly district and a class-1 disabled person, was
taken hostage on 30 August 1993, during the occupation of the area by
the armed forces of the Republic of Armenia.  After his release on
8 December 1993, with the help of the ICRC, he testified that Armenian
soldiers led by a battalion commander nicknamed "Mavo" had shot dead
his 90-year-old brother, whom he had not even been allowed to bury,
and two women who had lived near him.  On the day Yusifov was
captured, the same battalion commander had torn out his 12 gold teeth. 
During this detention he had been subjected to constant beatings and
fed on black bread and water, and the medicines and clothing furnished
by the ICRC had been confiscated by Armenian soldiers.  He also said
that among his fellow hostages had been a mentally disturbed man,
Nazim Radzhabov; he had repeatedly been savagely beaten and tormented. 
On 14 September, 11 Azerbaijani soldiers were brought to the prison at
Shusha, where Yusifov was held; they had been severely beaten and had
had dogs set on them.  One of the soldiers subsequently died from his
injuries.  Yusifov also saw people die of hunger and cold.  He
confirmed that the Armenians were holding thousands of Azerbaijani
women, children and old people hostage.

     The tragic list of victims of the war against the Azerbaijani
people - which has experienced at first hand the monstrous methods of
Armenian aggression - is far from complete with the incidents related
above.

     Twenty-seven-year-old Abdulazim Mamedov was injured in the left
leg and taken prisoner by Armenians in the Azerbaijani village of
Kirkidzhan during a regular attack by Armenian forces.  He received a
bullet wound which perforated the soft tissue of his left shin, and
multiple shrapnel wounds.  Abdulazim Mamedov reported that, after
being interrogated for one hour, he and eight other soldiers in the
national army who had been taken prisoner with him were beaten with
rubber truncheons on their heads, backs and arms, after which an
unknown medicine was injected into their necks and they were thrown
into jail.  From that time Abdulazim Mamedov was dragged into the yard
each day and beaten all over with rubber truncheons and his head was
stamped on by soldiers using the heels of their boots.  On one
occasion his wound was ripped open and a cross of blood was marked on
his forehead.  At New Year, with temperatures standing below zero,
cold water was poured over him in his cell; the warders' dogs were
often set on him, leaving many bites, scratches and abrasions on his
body.  He was given almost no food, and an unknown drug was injected
into his neck each day, causing him to lose consciousness momentarily. 
Abdulazim Mamedov states that he weighed 70 kilograms before being
taken prisoner, and 55 kilograms after he was released.

     Imprisoned together with Abdulazim Mamedov was
Farkhad Rakhman ogly Atakishiev, aged 21.  He was killed, and on
25 January 1992 his corpse was thrown into Abdulazim Mamedov's cell,
where they had spent a few days together.  The following injuries were
noted in the report of the forensic examination of Atakishiev's
corpse:

     (a) A depressed fracture of the frontal bone, a closed fracture
of both bones of the forearms and the shins, a fracture of the nose,
the violent removal of all incisors in both jaws, and 61 bruises to
the head, the body and the extremities;

     (b) A stab wound which caused perforation of the stomach with
injuries to internal organs, eight spot wounds (resulting from
injections) to the back of the neck, and injuries to the left hand;

     (c) Two bullet wounds which perforated the thigh.  

The injuries listed under (a) were inflicted by blunt instruments. 
The injuries to the hand and the forearm may have been caused by dog
bites.  The injuries listed under (b) were caused by stabbing, while
those listed under (c) were caused by shots from a firearm.

     Alimsha Gasanov, born in 1974, serving in the national army of
Azerbaijan, a resident of the Khachmaz district, was wounded and taken
prisoner on 8 March 1994 in the Fizuli district.  After his release he
testified to the inhuman treatment of prisoners of war, beatings and
excessive forced labour.

     Emin Babaev, born in 1968, serving in the national army of
Azerbaijan, a resident of the city of Baku, who was taken prisoner on
23 August 1993 in the Fizuli district, reported after his release that
the car in which he had been travelling together with civilians had
been shot at by Armenians in a tank.  Babaev survived together with
two other servicemen, one of whom was severely burned and later died
for lack of the necessary medical assistance.  Babaev also reports
that, while imprisoned in Armenian hands, Azerbaijani prisoners of war
were constantly subjected to beatings and excessive forced labour
while often deprived even of bread and water.  He confirmed that
thousands of women, old people and children were held hostage by armed
forces of the Republic of Armenia.

     Zaur Rzaev, born in 1975, serving in the national army of
Azerbaijan, a resident of the village of Alisoltanly in the Saatly
district, was wounded and taken prisoner on 28 April 1994, together
with two other servicemen, one of whom, according to a statement made
by Rzaev after his release, was shot by Armenian soldiers.  Rzaev
reported the inhumane treatment of Azerbaijani prisoners of war, as
well as constant beatings and excessive forced labour.  He also stated
that he saw thousands of Azerbaijani hostages being held in Armenian
captivity.

     Faik Mamedov, born in 1971, serving in the national army of
Azerbaijan, a resident of the city of Baku, was taken prisoner on
6 September 1992.  After his release he reported that, after being
wounded, he was tortured and beaten.  On 20 November 1993, he managed
to escape.  He testifies that after occupying the Agdam district the
Armenian forces completely burned and destroyed it.  The graveyard
where his parents were buried was also destroyed.  While detained by
the Armenians, he saw thousands of hostages and prisoners of war being
held in intolerable conditions.

     Famil Aliev, born in 1974, serving in the national army of
Azerbaijan, a resident of the city of Baku, was taken prisoner on
3 January 1994 in the district of Agdam.  After his release he stated
that while he was in captivity Armenian soldiers stubbed out
cigarettes on his body.  Aliev also witnessed the execution of
Azerbaijani prisoners of war by shooting.  He confirmed that Armenians
were holding thousands of women, old people and children who were
subjected to excessive forced labour, torture and ill-treatment.

     Amil Akhmedov, born in 1973, serving in the national army, a
resident of the village of Ashigly in the Beilagan district, was taken
prisoner on 23 September 1993.  After his release he reported that he
had been beaten and tortured every day.  He also testified that a
resident of the Fizuli district named Vagif had been beaten to death
in front of him, and that Valekh Aliev, a resident of the Imishly
district, had blown himself up using a grenade after being unable to
bear the humiliation.

     Anar Mamedov, born in 1973, serving in the national army, a
resident of the Beilagan district, was taken prisoner on
23 September 1993 together with 10 other servicemen.  After his
release he stated that he had been beaten four or five times each day
by Armenian soldiers while they were holding him captive.  He also
confirms the above-mentioned report of the death of the resident of
the Fizuli district named Vagif as a result of the beatings and the
suicide of Valekh Aliev of the Imishly district, adding that five
elderly persons died from beatings.

     Afin Yakhyaev, born in 1968, serving in the national army, a
resident of the Ujar district, reported after his release that he and
three other servicemen were taken prisoner on 25 April 1994 in the
Agdam district and subjected to interrogations and beatings every day. 
Yakhyaev testified that many prisoners who were unable to bear the
humiliation committed suicide.  He also confirms reports of thousands
of Azerbaijani hostages held in Armenian torture chambers.

     Magomed Dashdamirov, a resident of the Tovuz district, reports
that his son Novruz Dashdamirov, born in 1975, serving in the national
army, was taken prisoner in August 1993 during the occupation of the
Fizuli district of Azerbaijan by armed forces from the Republic of
Armenia.  The father states that his son was subjected to torture and
brutal beatings while in captivity.  Although N. Dashdamirov succeeded
in escaping from Armenian captivity, he fell sick as a result of the
humiliations inflicted on him in detention and is now in a critical
condition.

     Rasat Akhmedov was taken prisoner by armed forces from the
Republic of Armenia on 7 March 1994 during fighting near the village
of Seid-Akhmedli.  He and his fellow prisoners of war were beaten with
spades and truncheons.  He states that on 15 September 1994 prisoner
of war Zeinal Makhmudov died as a result of a brutal beating. 
Akhmedov himself was released on 16 October 1994 with help from
representatives of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in
Europe (OSCE).

     K. Gadzhiev, a resident of the Tovuz district, states that his
son, Elfag Gadzhiev, serving in the national army, was taken prisoner
on 12 June 1993 during fighting with armed forces from the Republic of
Armenia which were attacking the Agdam district of Azerbaijan.  While
he was being held in Armenian captivity, his health was seriously
undermined as a result of inhuman treatment, torture and humiliation. 
Following his release through the mediation of the ICRC, the health of
E. Gadzhiev has now seriously deteriorated.  He also confirms that
hundreds of Azerbaijani women, old people and children are being held
hostage in intolerable conditions in the prison of the Azerbaijani
town of Shusha under occupation by armed forces from the Republic of
Armenia.


            DETENTION OF AZERBAIJANI HOSTAGES AND PRISONERS OF WAR
                             IN ARMENIAN TERRITORY

     The Armenian Government resorts to all kinds of tricks to conceal
its aggressive intentions towards Azerbaijan from the world community,
portraying its claims on the territory of an independent State as the
struggle of Armenians in Karabakh.  At the same time, the holding of a
considerable number of Azerbaijani prisoners of war and hostages and
the instances of murder and acts of violence against them in Armenian
territory gives the lie to this.

     According to information supplied by the State Commission of the
Azerbaijani Republic on prisoners of war, hostages and missing
persons, and the testimony of those who have returned from Armenian
captivity, Azerbaijani prisoners of war and hostages are being held on
the territory of the Republic of Armenia at military police
headquarters No. 10724, the women's prison, a hospital in Erebun
district and a chemical factory in the city of Erevan; on the military
base at Sovetashen; in Ejmiatsin; in the prison and the hospital in
Goris; in Prison No. 8, the district internal affairs office, the home
of a certain Dadamyan at Flat 19, Block 306 and at the cement factory
in Spitak; in Noyembryan; in Mergi; in Leninakan; in Nairi; in
Kirovakan; at military police headquarters in Sisian; in Ararat; in
Abovyan on the Birechakhan housing estate; in the Sepan region and in
other regions of Armenia.


        Violence and torture perpetrated against civilians held in the
                             territory of Armenia

     There is a large quantity of information regarding inhuman
treatment and violence against the defenceless victims of the war
among the civilian population, bearing witness to the Republic of
Armenia's open flouting of the norms of international humanitarian
law.  The inflicting of physical suffering, murder, torture, corporal
punishment, mutilation, medical and scientific experiments which are
not based on the need for medical care, and other gross violence
against detained Azerbaijanis by the representatives of the civil and
military authorities in Armenia violates the requirements not only of
the well-known Geneva Conventions but also of elementary human
morality.

     Kamil Veliev, born in 1936, a resident of the village of Bakharly
in the Zangelan district, who was released on 14 November 1993
following mediation by the ICRC, was taken hostage in August 1993 when
Armenian forces occupied the Zangelan district of Azerbaijan, and was
detained in Armenian territory, where he was subjected to systematic
torture, as a result of which his hearing was impaired.

     In August 1993, when the Gubatly district of Azerbaijan was seized
by armed forces from the Republic of Armenia, Farkhad Yusifov, born in
1930, a resident of the village of Garakishilyar in that district, was
taken hostage.  He has suffered from diabetes since 1973.  He was held
captive by Armenians, without the minimum assistance needed to treat
his illness, in jail in the town of Goris (Armenia), and was later
transferred to a jail in the town of Kafan (Armenia).  He was released
on 14 November 1993 thanks to the efforts of the ICRC and returned to
Azerbaijan from the city of Erevan (Armenia).

     One of the peaceful inhabitants taken hostage at the time when the
Gubadly district of Azerbaijan was occupied by Armenian soldiers in
August 1993 and returned to Azerbaijan from Erevan with ICRC
assistance on 14 November 1993 was 60-year-old Islam Gadzhiev, who
according to F. Yusifov, with whom he shared the hardships of life as
a hostage, was tortured mercilessly by the Armenians.  He was forced
to lick the filthy floor, stand at attention for hours on end and his
head was beaten against the wall to such an extent that he went out of
his mind.  The grey-haired man was thrown to the floor and kicked in
the belly until he lost consciousness, and sustained injuries to his
kidneys.

     Khamza Guliev, born in 1913 and a resident of the village of
Milanly in the Gubadly district, was taken hostage on 30 August 1993
during the occupation of the district by the armed forces of the
Republic of Armenia and was released from captivity on
18 October 1993.  He had been held in occupied Azerbaijani territory
and then transferred to the town of Kafan in Armenia.  He testifies to
inhuman treatment, torture and humiliation of hostages, and assaults
on women.

     An inhabitant of the Azerbaijani town of Shusha, 15-year-old
Nazaket Mamedova, who was taken hostage together with her father on
8 May 1993 at the time the town was occupied by Armenian soldiers,
experienced indescribable suffering as a prisoner of the Armenians. 
They were held first in the town of Hankendi and then in Armenia. 
Over a long period of time the father was demeaned and humiliated in
various ways before the very eyes of his daughter.  He was beaten,
insulted, his ear was cut off and red-hot irons were applied to his
body, making him an invalid for life.  Only then was he released. 
However, his daughter was retained as hostage until 4 April 1993, the
endless round of blackmail and threats driving the girl's mother
insane; eventually the daughter was returned to her family after a
ransom of 4 million roubles had been paid.


               Illegal acts perpetrated against prisoners of war
                             in Armenian territory

     Prisoners of war, as well as hostages, fall into the category of
persons protected by international humanitarian law, which stipulates
that no reprisals may be taken against them and that their safety must
be properly ensured, to say nothing of the fact that "refined" forms
of violence are prohibited.  How far the Republic of Armenia complies
with these provisions is evident from the large number of flagrant
examples of inhuman treatment of Azerbaijani prisoners of war
reflecting cruelty that is beyond human understanding.  Rare are those
who survive, and those who return are forever crippled.

     One of the few prisoners of war who survived and returned home was
Mail Mamedov, born in 1971 and called up to serve in the national army
of the Azerbaijani Republic from the village of Khalikly in the
Geokchai district of Azerbaijan.  Taken prisoner on 4 October 1992
near the town of Hankendi, he was first held in Karabakh and then
transferred to Armenia.  According to a short extract from his medical
history, he was systematically humiliated and beaten with a hammer and
a sub-machine-gun, as a result of which the bones in his left foot as
well as those in his left forearm and shoulder were broken.  On
7 October 1992 a red-hot metal cross was applied to his chest.  In
February 1993 some kind of liquid that produced symptoms of allergy
was forcibly injected intravenously.  He was released on 9 May 1993 in
exchange for an Armenian prisoner.

     Ayaz Guseinov, born in 1973 and a native of the Surakhan district
of Baku, was also tortured; he had been a soldier in the national
army, was taken prisoner on 1 April 1993 in the Kelbajar district of
Azerbaijan and held first in Karabakh and later in a camp near the
town of Kirovakan (Armenia).  His relatives paid his ransom of 7
million roubles on 3 September 1993.

     Most Azerbaijani prisoners of war die violent deaths or as a
result of the unbearable conditions that are deliberately created in
prison.

     Magerram Makhyaddinov, who was born in 1972 and who, prior to
being called up to serve in the national army, had lived in the town
of Gakh in the Azerbaijani Republic, was taken prisoner in the
Zangelan district and held in Armenian territory, where each day he
was beaten by Lieutenant-Colonel Gazmanov, the deputy chief of the
police department of the town of Kafan; he was driven insane by the
beatings and later died of massive internal haemorrhaging.

     Following his release in October 1993, Bayram Aliev, born in 1973
and a soldier in the national army from the Evlakh district, reported
that when taken prisoner in December 1992 during the occupation of the
Zangelan district of Azerbaijan by the armed forces of the Republic of
Armenia, he had first been held, together with his fellow servicemen,
in the police department of the town of Kafan in the Republic of
Armenia and had later been moved to Erevan, the Armenian capital.  He
confirms that Azerbaijani prisoners of war were tortured and
humiliated, forced to eat dirt, brutally beaten, had open wounds poked
with lighted cigarettes and were deprived of their human dignity. 
Essential medical care was not given to the wounded.  Many prisoners
died from the ill-treatment.  According to Bayram Aliev, Magerram
Makhyaddinov was beaten to death for complaining to ICRC
representatives about the intolerable conditions and inhuman treatment
of prisoners of war.  Aliev also confirms that hundreds of Azerbaijani
citizens are being held hostage in Armenia and subjected to violent
and degrading treatment.

     Ilgar Gamzaev, born in 1973, was also killed in Armenia.  A
soldier in the national army, he had been taken hostage by the
Balasanyan family, which tried to exchange him for R. Balasanyan, who
had been reported missing in action in Azerbaijani territory.

     Ilkham Nasirov was taken prisoner after being wounded in three
places.  Born in 1973, he had lived in Baku prior to his service in
the national army; he was first held in the town in Hankendi and later
transferred to Erevan, where he was placed with the Arakelyan family,
which wished to exchange him for their son Shagen, reported missing in
action in Azerbaijani territory.  According to F. Yusifov who returned
home after his imprisonment, Nasirov was reduced to dystrophy by his
"host" and admitted to Hospital No. 10 of the Ministry of National
Security of the Republic of Armenia.  According to letter No. 06/134
of 24 November 1993 from S. Arakelyan, the director of the hospital,
which was received through the ICRC, Nasirov died on 23 November 1993
in Erevan's military hospital (No. 88865), the diagnosis being
alimentary dystrophy and acute cachexia.

     In August 1993, Armenian policemen drove Vikil ogly Zakir in a car
to the outskirts of the village of Kirovka in the Marneuli district of
Georgia and dumped him there.  He died shortly afterwards, without
regaining consciousness, in the district hospital of the town of
Gazakh in the Azerbaijani Republic.  An examination revealed that his
death was due to starvation and the injuries he had suffered.  Doctors
found that his entire body was covered with cigarette burns and
bruises, that the nails of his right hand and left foot had been torn
out and that internal organs had been injured.

     In May 1994 a prisoner of war named Tofik, a native of the Lerik
district, was tortured to death and Rasim Mamedov lost his reason as a
result of the beatings to which he was subjected in a remand centre of
the Armenian Ministry of National Security (formerly the KGB).  After
being held by Armenia's military police, Famil Rzakhanov was released
in an extremely serious condition.

     On 16 February 1994, the press service of the Ministry of Foreign
Affairs of the Republic of Armenia announced that Azerbaijani
prisoners of war had been shot, emphasizing that "they were killed
while attempting to escape".  Thanks to ICRC efforts, arrangements
were made on 23 March 1994 to transport from Armenia to Azerbaijan the
bodies of 10 Azerbaijani prisoners, of whom 2 died on 28 June 1993 and
23 November 1993, respectively, and 8 were killed on 29 January 1994. 
The results of a forensic examination carried out by a commission of
Azerbaijan's Ministry of Public Health attached to the Scientific
Association for Forensic Expertise and Pathological Anatomy completely
refuted the statement by the Armenian Ministry of Foreign Affairs
concerning the killing of the 10 Azerbaijani prisoners of war while
attempting to escape and confirmed that R. R. Agaev, E. G. Akhmedov,
E. S. Mamedov, F. G. Kuliev and E. M. Akhmedov were brutally tortured
and beaten before death and killed by a shot in the head, and that
B. A. Giasov was shot from the front at point-blank range. 
R. R. Agaev, E. S. Mamedov and E. M. Akhmedov had had their ears cut
off.  R. R. Agaev's internal organs - his heart, liver and spleen -
were missing, indicating that they had been used as transplants.  An
examination of I. S. Nasirov's body revealed unmistakeable signs of
cachexia, indicating prolonged starvation.  F. G. Gusienov's body bore
a large number of external marks indicating physical torture.

     The forensic conclusions of the Azerbaijani experts were confirmed
by the conclusions, incorporated in a document dated 13 April 1994, of
the results of a second examination of the bodies carried out by the
Scottish Professor Derek Pounder, an eminent scientist, member of the
American Medical Association, of the Praesidium of the International
Academy of Legal Medicine and of Social Medicine and of the British
"Doctors for Human Rights" Association.

     From time to time, in order to give a semblance of legality to the
punishments imposed on Azerbaijani prisoners of war, Armenia holds
show trials behind a propaganda screen poorly concealing the absurdity
of a situation in which the defendants - not provided with qualified
counsel, contrary to international standards - are in point of fact
accused of honestly performing their duty to defend the sovereignty
and territorial integrity of their State.  At one such mock trial in
Erevan, for example, two Azerbaijani prisoners of war were sentenced
to death, three to 15 years' imprisonment and another three to
12 years' imprisonment.  This is how Armenia's overtly militarized
governmental machinery, in the guise of the "votaries of Themis",
deals with the victims of war.


                                     -----

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Date last posted: 27 January 2000
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