United Nations

A/50/744


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

10 November 1995

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 165


IMPLEMENTATION OF THE OUTCOME OF THE FOURTH WORLD CONFERENCE
ON WOMEN:  ACTION FOR EQUALITY, DEVELOPMENT AND PEACE

Report of the Secretary-General


SUMMARY

  The  present report  has been  prepared  in  response to  General Assembly
resolution 49/161  of 23  December 1994.   It  provides an  overview of  the
provisions and recommendations  for action contained in the Declaration  and
Platform for Action adopted  by consensus by the Fourth World Conference  on
Women, held in Beijing  from 4 to 15 September 1995.  The report focuses, in
particular, on those  recommendations which have immediate implications  for
action at the  international level, including those requiring  consideration
by the General Assembly at its fiftieth session.



















95-34993 (E)   131195/...
*9534993*
 CONTENTS

    Paragraphs  Page

I.  INTRODUCTION ...........................................1 -103

II.  FOLLOW-UP TO THE FOURTH WORLD CONFERENCE ON WOMEN ......11 -924

  A.  Response of the international community and the
    United Nations system ..............................11 - 304

  B.  Specific provisions of the Platform for Action
    relating to follow-up ..............................31 - 929

    1.  National level .................................31 - 339

    2.  Regional/subregional level .....................34 - 369

    3.  International level ............................37 - 9210

      (a)  General Assembly ..........................39 - 4010

      (b)  Economic and Social Council ...............41 - 4411

      (c)  Commission on the Status of Women .........45 - 4711

      (d)  Committee on the Elimination of
        Discrimination against Women ..............48 - 4912

      (e)  Role of the Secretary-General .............50 - 6112

      (f)  United Nations Secretariat ................62 - 7515

      (g)  United Nations Development Fund for Women .76 - 7819

      (h)  International Research and Training
        Institute for the Advancement of Women ....79 - 8019

      (i)  Other organizations of the United Nations
        system ....................................81 - 8920

      (j)  Non-governmental organizations ............90 - 9222

III.  RECOMMENDATIONS FOR ACTION BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY AT
  ITS FIFTIETH SESSION ................................... 9323

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A/50/744
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I.  INTRODUCTION


1.  The  General Assembly, in  its resolution  49/161 of  23 December  1994,
requested  the  Secretary-General  to  prepare  for  consideration  by   the
Assembly at  its fiftieth session a  report on the  follow-up to the  Fourth
World Conference on  Women, held in  Beijing from  4 to  15 September  1995.
The present report is being submitted to the  General Assembly in accordance
with that request.  The  report of the Fourth World  Conference on Women  is
currently before the Assembly. 1/

2.   The  General  Assembly's  decision,  in  its resolution  45/129  of  14
December 1990,  to convene a  Fourth World Conference  on Women  in 1995 was
adopted against  the background of a  strong concern,  reflected in Economic
and Social Council resolutions 1990/12, 1990/14 and 1990/15, at the pace  of
implementation   of  the   Nairobi   Forward-looking   Strategies  for   the

Advancement of  Women, 2/  in particular  with regard  to the objectives  of
ensuring equality for  women, promoting their integration in development and
advancing their participation in  efforts to promote peace.   The themes  of
the United  Nations Decade  for Women -  equality, development  and peace  -
were also chosen as the themes of the Fourth World Conference on Women.

3.   In  its  resolution  47/95 of  16 December  1992, the  General Assembly
accepted with appreciation the offer of the Government of China to host  the
Conference.

4.   The Conference was attended  by 17,000  representatives of Governments,
non-governmental organizations,  international organizations  and the media.
Over  30,000 participants  attended  a  parallel  forum  organized  by  non-
governmental organizations at Huairou.

5.   The  Commission  on  the Status  of  Women  served as  the  preparatory
committee for the  Conference and the Division  for the Advancement of Women
of the  Department for  Policy Coordination and  Sustainable Development  of
the Secretariat served as the secretariat  of the Conference; Mrs.  Gertrude
Mongella was appointed as its Secretary-General.

6.   The preparatory  activities for  the Conference  were characterized  by
intense   collaboration  among   Governments,   the  Secretariat   and   the
organizations  of  the  United  Nations  system, and  by  the  unprecedented
involvement and strong support of other intergovernmental organizations  and
an   extremely   broad  spectrum   of   non-governmental   actors   at   the
international, regional, subregional and national levels.

7.   Activities  at the  national level  were wide-ranging  and included the
preparation  of  national  reports  on  the  review  and  appraisal  of  the
implementation  of the  Nairobi Forward-looking  Strategies.   Such  reports
were submitted by  165 Member and Observer  States.  Several countries  also
convened national meetings and/or set up national preparatory committees.

8.  Each of the five regional  commissions of the United Nations  convened a
regional preparatory meeting.  These meetings,  which were held at  Jakarta,
Vienna, Mar  del Plata,  Argentina, Dakar  and Amman,  resulted in  regional
plans or  programmes of action that  provided regional  perspectives for the
Platform for Action.  Consultations  organized with representatives of youth
organizations at each regional meeting resulted  in youth statements on  the
Platform  for  Action  and  further  mobilization  of  youth  activities  at
national and regional level.

9.  Support for  the Conference at the international level was furthered  by
the establishment by the Secretary-General of  an Advisory Group composed of
19 eminent persons.  The Group met three  times prior to the Conference.  It
provided  valuable   advice  to  the   Secretary-General  and  assisted   in
mobilizing political interest and public attention for the Conference.

10.  A  Trust Fund,  to which a  number of  Member States  and other  donors
contributed generously, augmented  the resources available from the  regular
budget for the preparatory work.


II.  FOLLOW-UP TO THE FOURTH WORLD CONFERENCE ON WOMEN

               A.  Response of the international community and the
                   United Nations system

11.  The  Beijing Declaration and  Platform for  Action 3/  were adopted  by
consensus  on  15  September  1995  by  189  Governments.    The Declaration
embodies the commitment of the international  community to advance the goals
of  equality,  development and  peace  and  to  implement  the Platform  for
Action, ensuring that a gender perspective is reflected in  all policies and
programmes.   The Platform  for Action sets  out measures  for national  and
international action for the advancement of women.

12.  The Fourth  World Conference on  Women was a conference of  commitment.
During  the  Conference,  Governments,  non-governmental  organizations  and
intergovernmental bodies  made specific commitments  to implement the  goals
and objectives of the  Conference.  Those commitments must be sustained  and
translated into concrete policies and actions.

13.     The  Conference   brought  together   the  cross-cutting  issues  of
development,  equality  and   peace,  and  analysed   them  from   a  gender
perspective.   It  defined an  agenda for  action  to  empower women  in the
social,  political and economic  spheres, in  both private  and public life,
and to  eliminate all forms of  discrimination against women.  It emphasized
the connection between advancement  of women and  progress for society as  a
whole.  It reaffirmed  clearly that societal issues must be addressed from a
gender  perspective  in  order to  ensure  sustainable  development.    This
agenda, and the approaches  it embodies, must guide follow-up action at  all
levels.

14.  As agreed in  Beijing, the set of actions set  out in the  Platform for
Action "should lead to fundamental change".   To that end "immediate  action
and accountability are essential if  the targets are to be  met by the  year
2000. Implementation is primarily the  responsibility of Governments, but is
also dependent on a  wide range of  institutions in the public, private  and
non-governmental sectors  at the  community, national,  subregional/regional
and international levels" (para. 286).

 15.   The overriding message of  the Fourth World  Conference on Women  was
that  the  issues  addressed in  the  Platform  for Action  are  global  and
universal.  Deeply entrenched attitudes and practices perpetuate  inequality
and discrimination against women, in  public and private life,  in all parts
of the  world. Accordingly, implementation  will require  changes in values,
attitudes,  practices   and  priorities  at   the  national,  regional   and
international  levels.    A clear  commitment  to  international  norms  and
standards of  equality between  men and women,  and measures to  protect and
promote the  human rights of women and  girl children as an integral part of
universal human rights must underlie all  action. Institutions at all levels
must be  reoriented  to expedite  implementation.    An active  and  visible
policy   of  mainstreaming  a  gender  perspective  should  be  promoted  by
Governments,   the   United  Nations   system   and   all   other   relevant
organizations.

16.   National-level action and supporting  action at  the international and
regional  levels should  be  focused on  the 12  critical  areas  of concern
addressed by the Platform for Action (see chap. IV):

  (a)  The persistent and increasing burden of poverty on women;

  (b)   Inequalities and inadequacies in,  and unequal  access to, education
and training;

  (c)  Inequalities  and inadequacies in  and unequal access to  health care
and related services;

  (d)  Violence against women;

  (e)  The  effects of armed or other  kinds of conflict on women, including
those living under foreign occupation;

  (f)   Inequality in  economic structures  and policies,  in  all forms  of
productive activities and in access to resources;

  (g)   Inequality  between  men  and women  in  the  sharing of  power  and
decisionmaking at all levels;

  (h)   Insufficient mechanisms at all levels to promote  the advancement of
women;

  (i)  Lack of  respect for, and inadequate promotion and protection of, the
human rights of women;

  (j)   Stereotyping  of  women and  inequality  in women's  access  to  and
participation in all communication systems, especially in the media;

  (k)   Gender inequalities in  the management  of natural resources  and in
the safeguarding of the environment;

  (l)  Persistent discrimination against and violation of the rights of  the
girl child.

 17.  Effective action will require  the broadest possible cooperation.   As
indicated in paragraph 306:

"The  Platform for Action  needs to  be implemented through the  work of all
bodies and  organizations of  the United  Nations system  during the  period
1995-2000,  specifically and as an  integral part of  wider programming.  An
enhanced  framework for international  cooperation for gender issues must be
developed  ...  in   order  to  ensure   the  integrated  and  comprehensive
implementation, follow-up and assessment of  the Platform for Action, taking
into account the results of global  United Nations summits and  conferences.
The fact  that at  all of  these summits  and conferences, Governments  have
committed themselves to the empowerment of  women in different areas,  makes
coordination  crucial to  the  follow-up  strategies for  this Platform  for
Action.   The Agenda for Development  and the Agenda  for Peace should  take
into  account  the Platform  for Action  of the  Fourth World  Conference on
Women."

18.    The  Platform  for  Action  further  states  (para.  307)  that  "the
institutional  capacity  of the  United  Nations  system  to  carry out  and
coordinate its responsibility  for implementing the Platform for Action,  as
well as  its expertise  and working  methods to promote  the advancement  of
women,  should  be  improved"  and  that  "responsibility  for ensuring  the
implementation of  the Platform for Action  and the integration  of a gender
perspective into  all policies and programmes  of the  United Nations system
must rest at the highest levels" (para. 308).

19.  The Secretary-General is in  agreement with the Conference's conclusion
that  "to improve  the system's  efficiency and  effectiveness  in providing
support for equality  and women's empowerment at  the national level  and to
enhance its  capacity to achieve the objectives of the  Platform for Action,
there is a need to renew, reform and  revitalize various parts of the United
Nations system"  (para 309).   At the level  of the United  Nations and  its
agencies, the  strengthening of  the capacity  of the  system to support  an
integrated, effective  follow-up to the Fourth  World Conference  as part of
the overall effort to ensure the  coordinated implementation of the  results
of the series  of recent global  conferences should  be a  key objective  in
pursuing further the ongoing reform process.

20.   There must be a  new unity of purpose  and action in the  Organization
and  the  system as  a whole  contributing  to  the provision  of effective,
coordinated support for national action; coherent support for  policy-making
by the  concerned intergovernmental bodies  to further the  key role of  the
Organization  in   respect  of  standard-setting,  policy  coordination  and
advocacy;   mutual  feedback   and   reinforcement  between   national   and
international  action; and  effective mainstreaming  that ensures  that  the
gender dimension  is fully  integrated in  all aspects  of the  work of  the
United Nations.

21.   In  accordance with  chapters V  and  VI of  the Platform  for Action,
effective  implementation  of  the Conference  recommendations  will require
that  existing machinery  and institutions  sharpen their  focus, set  clear
priorities   for    action,   evaluation    and   coordination,    establish
accountability mechanisms and use available resources efficiently.
  22.   Against  this background,  the  Secretary-General intends  to pursue

vigorously  his efforts  to create a stronger,  better coordinated programme
for the advancement of women.   In this regard a key new role will be played
by his  Senior Adviser  (see paras.  54-57 below)  and,  at the  system-wide
level,  by the proposed Administrative Committee on  Coordination task force
(see paras. 53 and 89 below).

23.   Within the United  Nations itself, the  requirements from the Platform
for Action have  given added  force to  the provisions  of General  Assembly
resolution  48/111 of 20 December  1993, in which it  urged that interaction
between  the   International  Research  and   Training  Institute  for   the
Advancement of Women (INSTRAW) and the  United Nations Development Fund  for
Women (UNIFEM),  the Division for the  Advancement of  Women, the Commission
on  the  Status  of  Women,  and   the  Committee  on  the   Elimination  of
Discrimination  against  Women  be  reviewed  and  rationalized  within  the
context of ongoing efforts to revitalize the Economic and Social Council  in
pursuance  of a  stronger, more  unified  programme  for the  advancement of
women.

24.   Accordingly,  the Secretary-General  will review the  different United
Nations mechanisms for the  advancement of women with a view to making  them
more  mutually supportive  and effective,  eliminating any  duplication  and
ensuring that the essential linkages are strengthened  between the standard-
setting and normative  work of the Organization and operational  activities.
A key  element of this  review and, more  generally, a  central objective of
the overall  reform process, should  be the enhancement  of the  capacity of
the  Organization in  support  of global  policy-making  and  mainstreaming,
mobilizing  in  a coordinated  way the  contributions  of all  parts of  the
Organization  and the system.   The  SecretaryGeneral will  be guided, inter
alia,   by  the   Platform  of   Action,  which   envisages  "reviewing  and
strengthening  the  strategies  and  working  methods  of  different  United
Nations   mechanisms  for  the   advancement  of   women  with   a  view  to
rationalizing  and, as appropriate,  strengthening their advisory, catalytic
and monitoring  functions  in relation  to mainstream  bodies and  agencies.
Women/
gender units are important for effective  mainstreaming, but strategies must
be further  developed to prevent inadvertent  marginalization as opposed  to
mainstreaming  of the  gender dimension  throughout all  operations"  (para.
309).

25.   The capacity of  UNIFEM to  provide effective operational  support for
followup action at  the national level and to  exercise a catalytic role  in
promoting  an effective  inter-agency  coordination at  the  country  level,
through  the resident  coordinator  system, and  in  bringing  country-level
experience to  bear on relevant  aspects of the  work of the  system at  the
global level will need to be fully utilized.

26.   Proposals for strengthening the research and  training capacity of the
Organization in  pursuance of  a stronger,  more unified  programme for  the
advancement of  women, as outlined in  successive reports  of the Secretary-
General  (E/1993/82, A/48/591  and A/49/365-E/1994/119),  are already before
the General  Assembly.  They require  further consideration  pursuant to the
relevant Economic  and Social  Council and  General Assembly  resolutions on
the merger  of  INSTRAW  and UNIFEM.    The  objectives  embodied  in  those
resolutions should be actively pursued as an integral  part of the effort to
enhance  the  capacity  of  the  Organization  to  promote  a  coherent  and
sustained follow-up to the Conference.
  27.    Enhancing  coordination  and  improving  the  substantive  services
provided to  the Commission  on the  Status of  Women, the Committee  on the
Elimination of  Discrimination against  Women and other  relevant bodies  is
another  critical objective.  The  Division for the Advancement of Women has
a key responsibility  in this regard in  support of global policy-making and
mainstreaming.

28.   The  decisions to  be taken  by the  General  Assembly at  its current
session, including  on the role and  support requirements  of the Commission
on  the  Status  of  Women  and   other  relevant  bodies,  and   subsequent

deliberations in those bodies should further  the process of renewal, reform
and revitalization referred to in paragraph  309 of the Platform for Action.
In that light, the Secretary-General,  in consultation with the chairpersons
of these bodies and  drawing on the advice  of the proposed high-level board
referred to  in paragraph  61 below,  will submit  a further  report to  the
General Assembly at  its fifty-first session on ways to enhance the capacity
of  the Organization to support  the ongoing follow-up  to the Conference in
the most integrated and effective way.

29.  The mobilization  of adequate resources is another key requirement  for
the  effective implementation of  the Platform  for Action.   The Conference
made a  strong call for  such global mobilization.   As  stated in paragraph
345:

"To implement the  Platform for Action, funding  will need to be  identified
and  mobilized from all  sources and across all  sectors.  The reformulation
of policies and  reallocation of  resources may be  needed within and  among
programmes,  but some  policy changes  may  not necessarily  have  financial
implications.    Mobilization  of  additional  resources  both  public   and
private, including resources  from innovative  sources of funding, may  also
be necessary."

In paragraph 361  there is a call for  effective and efficient use of  funds
by the United Nations  system in its efforts  to promote the  advancement of
women and to enhance  its capacity to further the objectives of the Platform
for  Action.   The  Platform  underlines  the need  "to  renew,  reform  and
revitalize  various parts  of the  United  Nations  system" and  to allocate
"additional  resources  from within  the United  Nations  regular budget  in
order to implement the Platform for Action". It further states (para. 310):

"In following up the  Fourth World Conference on  Women, all entities of the
United Nations system focusing  on the advancement of women should have  the
necessary resources  and support  to carry  out follow-up  activities.   The
efforts  of  gender  focal   points  within  organizations  should  be  well
integrated into overall policy, planning, programming and budgeting."

30.   The following  paragraphs recall  specific provisions  of the Platform
for  Action concerning  follow-up,  focusing on  the recommendations  in its
chapters  V  and  VI,  and  immediate  actions  required  to  initiate their
implementation.  Follow-up by the United  Nations system as  a whole will be
covered in greater  detail in  future reports  to the  General Assembly  and
other  concerned intergovernmental  bodies,  including through  the  revised
system-wide  medium-term plan for  the advancement  of women  for the period
1996-2001. 4/


                B.  Specific provisions of the Platform for Action
                   relating to follow-up

1.  National level

31.   Governments, according  to paragraph 293  of the  Platform for Action,
"have the primary responsibility for implementing  the Platform for Action".
Governments  are  called upon  "to  take  a  leading  role in  coordinating,
monitoring   and  assessing   progress  in   the  advancement   of   women".
Governments,  with  financial and  advisory  assistance  from  regional  and
international organizations (para.  300), are  called upon  (para. 296)  "to
establish  or improve  the  effectiveness of  national  machineries  for the
advancement of women at the highest  political level, appropriate intra- and
inter-ministerial procedures and  staffing, and other institutions with  the
mandate and capacity to  broaden women's participation  and integrate gender
analysis into policies and programmes".

32.   In  paragraph 297  Governments are  called upon  to  begin as  soon as
possible to develop  implementation strategies for  the Platform for Action,
preferably by  the end  of 1995,  with a  view to completion  by the  end of

1996.     National  planning  should   be  broad-based  and   participatory,
comprehensive and  time-bound, and should  include proposals for  allocating
or reallocating resources for implementation.

33.   The  United Nations  resident coordinators at  the country  level will
have a key role in assisting Governments in these efforts (para. 341).


2.  Regional/subregional level

34.   In  its  paragraphs 301-305,  351 and  352,  the Platform  for  Action
recommends actions to be taken at the regional  and subregional levels.  The
regional commissions  of the United  Nations and other  subregional/regional
structures are  called upon to promote  and assist  national institutions in
monitoring and  implementing  the global  Platform for  Action within  their
mandates.     This  should  be  done,   according  to   paragraph  301,  "in
coordination with  the implementation of  the respective regional  platforms
or plans  of action and  in close collaboration  with the  Commission on the
Status of Women,  taking into account the  need for a  coordinated follow-up
to United  Nations conferences  in the  economic, social,  human rights  and
related fields".

35.    In  order  to  facilitate  regional  implementation,  monitoring  and
evaluation, as called for in paragraph  302, the Economic and Social Council
should "consider reviewing the  institutional capacity of the United Nations
regional commissions  within their mandates,  including their women's  focal
points/units, to deal with  gender issues in the  light of the  Platform for
Action,  as   well  as   the  regional   platforms  or   plans  of   action.
Consideration  should  be  given,  inter alia,  and,  where  appropriate, to
strengthening capacity  in  this respect".    The  Platform also  calls  for
regular coordination by United Nations agencies  and bodies at the  regional
level in relation to technical assistance and operational activities  (para.
304).

 36.  The Secretary-General will make  every effort to strengthen the gender
dimension in all the  activities of the regional  commissions and to  ensure
that  their capacities  are fully  utilized to  follow up  the Platform  for
Action,  and to assist in  the coordination of relevant activities by United
Nations   organizations,  including  the  development  of  concerted  action
programmes  in support of the  objectives of the  Conference at the regional
level.


3.  International level

37.  In  section C of chapter  V the Platform  for Action  contains detailed
recommendations  on  the  responsibilities  to be  exercised  by  the United
Nations  intergovernmental  machinery in  respect  of  the follow-up  to the
Conference.    It places  special  emphasis on  its  role in  promoting  the
development  of an  enhanced  framework for  international  cooperation  for
gender  issues  and  the  comprehensive  implementation  of  the   Platform,
integrating the results of other global United Nations conferences.

38.  With  respect to the  United Nations  system, the  Platform for  Action
calls for  the integration  of a  gender perspective into  all policies  and
programmes through  mainstreaming actions and  stresses that  responsibility
for ensuring implementation of the Platform  must rest at the highest level.
Accordingly,  the  Secretary-General  will  propose  to  the  Administrative
Committee on  Coordination the establishment of  an inter-agency task  force
on the  empowerment and the  advancement of women.  This  task force will be
an integral part  of the arrangements  being established under the  aegis of
the Administrative  Committee for the  integrated and coordinated  follow-up
to United  Nations conferences  (see  also paras.  53  and  89 below).    In
paragraph 336,  the Platform recommends that  each organization  set out the
specific actions it will undertake, including  goals and targets to  realign
priorities and redirect resources to  meet the global  priorities identified

in  the Platform for  Action, with  clear delineation  of responsibility and
accountability.  These new orientations should  be reflected in the  revised
system-wide  medium-term plan for  the advancement  of women  for the period
1996-2001. 4/   The Secretary-General  will ensure that  this task is  given
priority attention.

(a)  General Assembly

39.   In paragraph 312 the Platform  for Action points  out that the General
Assembly  "is  the principal  policy-making and  appraisal organ  on matters
relating to  the follow-up to  the Conference, and as  such should integrate
gender  issues throughout  its  work",  recognizing  that these  issues  cut
across  social, political  and economic  policy.    The General  Assembly is
invited "to  include  the  follow-up  to  the  Conference  as  part  of  its
continuing work  on advancement of women"  and to  review its implementation
in 1996, 1998 and 2000.

40.   As part  of the  ongoing rationalization of  the work  of the  General
Assembly, care  must  be taken  to  ensure  that  the advancement  of  women
remains a major focus, and that the gender dimension is fully integrated  in
the  consideration of  all issues  before  it,  including those  relating to
peace and security.

 (b)  Economic and Social Council

41.   According  to paragraphs 313  to 316 of  the Platform for  Action, the
Economic  and Social  Council  should oversee  system-wide  coordination  of
implementation of the  Platform and make recommendations in this regard.  It
should review the  implementation of  the Platform giving due  consideration
to reports of the Commission on the Status of Women.

42.  The Platform recommends that the General Assembly and the Economic  and
Social Council  review and strengthen  the mandate of the  Commission on the
Status of  Women taking  into account  the need  for effective  coordination
with other related commissions and Conference follow-up.

"The  Council should incorporate  gender issues  into its  discussion of all
policy questions,  giving due consideration  to recommendations prepared  by
the  Commission.   It should  consider  dedicating  at least  one high-level
segment  before the year  2000 to  the advancement of women  ... with active
... participation ... of the specialized  agencies, including the World Bank
and the International Monetary Fund." (para. 313)

The  Council  is  also  requested  to   consider  dedicating  at  least  one
coordination  segment   before  the  year  2000   to  coordination  of   the
advancement of women, based on the  system-wide medium-term plan, 4/ and one
operational   activities  segment   to  the   coordination   of  development
activities related to gender (paras. 314 and 315).

43.  In  paragraph 321 the Platform for  Action calls upon other  functional
commissions of the Economic and Social Council to  "take due account of  the
Platform for Action  and ensure the integration  of gender aspects  in their
respective work".

44.  The recommendations  on the Economic and Social Council in the Platform
for Action should be seen in the light  of efforts to coordinate the follow-
up to  recent global conferences,  taking into  consideration the importance
of  mainstreaming gender issues,  on the  one hand,  and ensuring continuing
attention  to the specific  measures required  to ensure  the advancement of
women, on  the other.    At its  substantive  session  of 1995  the  Council
decided that, each year, within the  framework of its coordination  segment,
it would  carry  out  a  review  of  cross-cutting themes  common  to  major
international  conferences and/or  contribute to  an overall  review of  the
implementation of the programme of action of a given conference.

(c)  Commission on the Status of Women

45.  The Commission on the  Status of Women has been  assisting the Economic
and Social  Council on  issues relating  to the  advancement of  women since
1946.  The  Platform for Action  makes recommendations  on the  role of  the
Commission  in  paragraphs  317   to  320.    It  calls  for  a  review  and
strengthening of the Commission's mandate, taking into account, inter  alia,
the need for synergy with other functional commissions.   It states that the
Commission should have a central  role, within the United Nations system, in
monitoring the implementation of the Platform  and in assisting the  Council
in coordination of reporting on implementation.  It  notes the need for  the
allocation of sufficient resources in support of the Commission.

46.  The Platform  for Action calls upon  the Commission, in  developing its
work programme  for the period 1996-2000,  to "review the  critical areas of
concern in  the Platform  for Action and  consider how to  integrate in  its
agenda the followup to the World Conference on Women.  In  this context, the
Commission ...  should consider how it  could further  develop its catalytic
role  in mainstreaming a  gender perspective  in United  Nations activities"
(para. 320).   The follow-up  to the Conference  is already  included in the
provisional agenda of the Commission for its fortieth session, in 1996.

47.    The  Secretary-General  intends  to  put  forward  proposals  to  the
Commission at  its next session  to assist the Commission  in developing its
work programme to follow  up the Platform for Action, including with respect
to monitoring implementation of the recommendations  in the Platform at  all
levels, and  in  enhancing its  role in  the  coordinated  follow-up to  the
continuum    of    conferences,   taking    into    consideration    related
intergovernmental and inter-agency follow-up processes.

(d)  Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women

48.   The Committee on  the Elimination of Discrimination  against Women was
established in 1981 to  monitor the implementation of the Convention on  the
Elimination of All Forms  of Discrimination against Women.   It is  a treaty
body devoted specifically to  the rights of women.   The Platform for Action
underscores  its important  role in  securing  enjoyment  by women  of their
human rights.  In paragraph 324 the Platform states that the ability of  the
Committee   to  monitor   implementation  of   the  Convention   should   be
strengthened "through the  provision of human and financial resources within
the regular budget of the United  Nations, including expert legal assistance
and  ... sufficient  meeting time  for  the Committee"  in keeping  with the
decision made  by the  meeting of the States  parties in May 1995.   It also
calls  for the  Committee to  "increase  its  coordination with  other human
rights treaty bodies, taking into account  the recommendations of the Vienna
Declaration and Programme of Action". 5/

49.   The Secretary-General  will make  every effort  to provide coordinated
secretariat support to the Committee, bearing in mind  that the promotion of
the enjoyment  by women  of their  human rights  is central  to the  overall
effort  for the  advancement  of  the status  of  women.   The Committee  is
expected to  consider the implications for  its work of  the outcome of  the
Fourth World Conference on Women at its fifteenth session, in January 1996.

(e)  Role of the Secretary-General

50.      The   Secretary-General   is   strongly   committed   to   assuming
"responsibility  for coordination  of policy  within the  United Nations for
the implementation of the Platform for  Action and for the  mainstreaming of
a system-wide gender perspective in all  activities of the United  Nations",
as requested in paragraph 326 of the Platform for Action.

 51.   In  his  statement  to the  closing  session of  the Conference,  the
Secretary-General indicated  that he would  ensure that the  recommendations
addressed to him were implemented swiftly and  effectively, and that he  was
committed to  integrating the  gender perspective  into all  aspects of  the
work  of the Organization.  He added that he would work with his colleagues,
the  executive heads  of the  United  Nations  specialized agencies  and the

United  Nations  programmes and  funds to  ensure a  coordinated system-wide
response, integrating  the follow-up of this  Conference with  that of other
global conferences.

52.  The Secretary-General welcomes the  emphasis on policy coordination and
mainstreaming  in   paragraph  326.     These  requirements  were   a  major
consideration in the restructuring of the  economic and social sectors  and,
in particular, in the location of the Division for the Advancement of  Women
in the Department for Policy Coordination  and Sustainable Development.   In
the  same context, the  Secretary-General requested the Administrator of the
United  Nations  Development  Programme  (UNDP) to  assist  him  in ensuring
policy  coherence  and  coordination  of  operational  activities.     These
requirements will  continue to  guide the  Secretary-General in  integrating
the  gender  dimension  in  the  programme  management  and  human  resource
development strategies  of the  Organization and  in ensuring a  coordinated
follow-up  within the United  Nations to  recent global  conferences, all of
which have addressed the advancement of women as a central issue.

53.   In  relation  to the  system as  a  whole, at  the  initiative  of the
SecretaryGeneral,  the  Administrative  Committee  on Coordination,  at  its
first session  for 1995, adopted  a comprehensive  statement reaffirming the
strong  commitment of executive  heads to  ensuring that  the advancement of
women  is a policy  priority within  the organizations of  the common system
and to taking the  necessary action to improve the  status of women in their
respective secretariats.  At  its most recent session,  on 12 and 13 October
1995, the Administrative  Committee on Coordination  agreed that  the gender
perspective  must be fully integrated into the work of the inter-agency task
forces, under lead agency arrangements, which  will follow up recent  global
conferences on the basis of cross-sectoral themes (see para. 89 below).   As
the Platform for Action encompasses but goes  well beyond these themes,  the
Administrative Committee  also decided  to consider,  following the  current
session of the General  Assembly, the best means of promoting sustained  and
coordinated follow-up to the Platform, and  of ensuring that the improvement
of the  status of  women in all its  aspects is placed in  the mainstream of
the work of the system.

54.  The Secretary-General has given  careful consideration in this  context
to the  invitation "to  establish a  high-level post  in the  Office of  the
SecretaryGeneral, using  existing human and  financial resources,  to act as
[his]   adviser  on   gender   issues  and   to   help   ensure  system-wide
implementation of  the Platform  for Action  in close  cooperation with  the
Division for the Advancement of Women" (para. 326).

55.   The  Secretary-General is  strongly of  the view  that, for  effective
mainstreaming,  all  organizational  entities   must  exercise  their   line
responsibilities  for implementing relevant  recommendations in the Platform
for Action,  without duplication.   In this  light, and in  view of  ongoing
efforts to  streamline high-level posts  and to  avoid additional managerial
layers, the Secretary-General does  not consider it  appropriate to  request
an appropriation for an additional high-level post and related  requirements
at the present time.

56.   Using existing  human and  financial resources,  the Secretary-General
would propose to integrate  the functions referred to in paragraph 54  above
into the portfolio  of one of his Senior Advisers in the Executive Office of
the Secretary-General.   The Senior  Adviser to the Secretary-General  would
not have line  responsibilities or duplicate  the work  of units working  on
issues relating  to the advancement  of women.   Rather, the  Senior Adviser
would  have a role  of overview  and coordination,  assisting the Secretary-
General  to ensure that  the gender  perspective is  integrated into overall
policy-making  and programming,  including  in  the political  area, and  is
taken  into account  in  all  aspects of  the  work  of the  system  and  in
furthering the Organization's  linkages with civil society.  The  Secretary-
General  will propose that his  Senior Adviser chair, in  this capacity, the
Administrative  Committee  on   Coordination  task  force  referred  to   in
paragraph 89 below.  Within the  Executive Office of the  Secretary-General,

this  senior official  would also  ensure  that  all statements  and reports
emanating  from the  Secretary-General  are gender-sensitive.    The  Senior
Adviser would also serve as a spokesperson for  the Secretary-General on the
above matters.

57.  The Senior Adviser  would draw upon the expertise and assistance of all
existing  entities working  in this  area,  including  the Division  for the
Advancement  of  Women  of  the  Department   for  Policy  Coordination  and
Sustainable Development,  as well  as UNIFEM,  INSTRAW, the  Focal Point  on
Women   in  the  Department  of  Administration  and  Management  and  other
concerned units within United Nations departments, funds and programmes.

58.    As  part  of  the  effort  to  broaden  participation and  strengthen
accountability, as well as to integrate  effectively the gender dimension in
the  work  of  the Organization,  the  Secretary-General  is requesting  all
United  Nations  departments  and  offices  to  review  their programmes  to
determine  how   they  can   contribute  to   the   implementation  of   the
recommendations of the  Conference.  The Secretary-General will also  ensure
that the gender  dimension is  fully integrated  in the  perspective of  the
next medium-term plan, for the period 1998-2001.

59.   Likewise,  with  respect  to the  status  of women  within the  United
Nations itself, the  Secretary-General will pursue his efforts to  integrate
the measures in  his strategic plan  of action  for the  improvement of  the
status  of women in  the Secretariat  (1995-2000) (see  A/49/587 and Corr.1)
within his overall human resources management  strategy for the Organization
as a  whole.   He intends  to hold  all programme  managers accountable  for
implementation.

60.   The participatory and inclusive  character of  the preparatory process
and  of the  Conference  itself was  a  key element  in  its success.    The
Secretary-General  believes   it  essential  that   the  follow-up  to   the
Conference should also be as broadly based as  possible.  In particular,  he
considers  it  important  that   the  expectations  and  concerns  of  major
constituencies  and groups on  gender-related issues  should be  fully taken
into account  in implementing  the Platform  for Action,  within the  United
Nations as well as the system as a whole.

 61.  To  that end, the Secretary-General proposes to establish a high-level
board  on the advancement  of women  to advise  him on the  follow-up to the
Conference.  The board,  which would  consist of  15  to 20  eminent persons
representing a  broad range of  experience and disciplines, would contribute
to  the  building  and  strengthening  of  partnerships  between the  United
Nations  and  major constituencies  on  gender-related  issues;  assist  the
Secretary-General  and  his  Senior  Adviser  in  promoting  knowledge   and
understanding  of, and mobilizing support for, United Nations activities for
the advancement of women  in general and the follow-up to the Conference  in
particular;  and  bring  to  the  attention  of  the  Secretary-General and,
through  him,  to  concerned  intergovernmental  and  inter-agency   bodies,
emerging issues  related to the implementation  of the  Platform for Action,
and  ways and means of  addressing them.   The Secretary-General trusts that
the  Board will  be  a  source of  innovative  ideas and  approaches in  the
follow-up  to the  Conference,  and  a  source  of  strong  support  to  the
Organization in its efforts to improve the status of women.

(f)  United Nations Secretariat

  (i)  Division for the Advancement of Women

62.   The Division for the Advancement of Women of the Department for Policy
Coordination  and Sustainable Development  is the  principal unit within the
United Nations Secretariat dealing with issues  relating to the  improvement
of the  status  of  women.    The  placement  of  the  Division  within  the
Department  by  the  Secretary-General  during  the  restructuring  of   the
economic  and social  sectors was    aimed at  ensuring the  integration  of
gender  issues  in  policy  formulation  and  coordination,  including   the

servicing of the  intergovernmental machinery. Effective substantive support
of the intergovernmental  machinery, especially the Commission on the Status
of Women, will require the involvement  and cooperation of all organizations
of the United Nations system, including in particular UNIFEM and INSTRAW.

63.  In paragraphs 327 and 328 the Platform for Action notes that:

"The primary function  of the Division for the  Advancement of Women of  the
Department  for  Policy  Coordination  and  Sustainable  Development  is  to
provide substantive servicing to  the Commission on the Status of Women  and
other intergovernmental bodies  when they are concerned with the advancement
of women, as well as to the Committee  on the Elimination of  Discrimination
Against Women.   It has been  designated focal point  for the implementation
of the Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies."

The Platform states (para. 328):

  "The  Division should examine  the obstacles  to the  advancement of women
through the application of gender-impact analysis  in policy studies for the
Commission  on the Status of  Women and through support  to other subsidiary
bodies.   After the  Fourth  World Conference  on  Women  it should  play  a
coordinating  role in preparing the revision of  the system-wide medium-term
plan ...  1996-2001  and should  continue  serving  as the  secretariat  for
inter-agency coordination for the advancement of  women.  It should continue
to maintain  a  flow  of  information with  national  commissions,  national
institutions   for   the   advancement   of   women   and   non-governmental
organizations  with  regard  to  the  implementation  of  the  Platform  for
Action."

The  Platform  requests the  Secretary-General  "to  ensure  more  effective
functioning of the Division by, inter  alia, providing sufficient human  and
financial resources within the regular budget  of the United Nations" (para.
327).

64.   As indicated  above, the Division  for the Advancement  of Women  will
have a  key  role  to  play  with  respect  to  the  implementation  of  the
recommendations  of  the  Conference,  in  support   of  the  work  of   the
intergovernmental  machinery, of  the organizations  of the  United  Nations
system and of other actors in the implementation  of the Platform for Action
and in  promoting the integration  of a  gender perspective in  all policies
and  programmes.   There  are,  in  particular,  three  areas  in which  the
reinforcement of the  Division is called for in  order to enable it to carry
out its  new and expanded  functions, in collaboration  with other parts  of
the  Secretariat  and system,  namely,  capacity  for  gender analysis;  the
advancement  of human rights  of women;  and the promotion  of a system-wide
approach  to  the   implementation  of  the  Platform,  including   outreach
activities.

65.   Gender-impact analysis  of United Nations policies  and programmes - a
major prerequisite for mainstreaming - requires review of, interaction  with
and input  into, a wide  range of  activities in  all areas  covered by  the
Organization. Pursuant to  paragraph 328 of the  Platform for Action  and to
respond to  follow-up action by the  Commission on the  Status of Women  and
the Economic and Social  Council, the Division will, in particular, need  to
enhance  its  capacity to  conduct and  coordinate studies,  applying gender
impact analysis, to  examine relationships between  the advancement of women
and other global issues dealt with by the United Nations and ways and  means
of  promoting  consistency   and  coherence  in  mainstreaming  the   gender
dimension throughout  the Organization.  In  addition to  policy studies for
the Commission on the Status of  Women, outputs will include recommendations
to   the   Secretary-General,  the   Committee   on   the   Elimination   of
Discrimination against Women  and, as appropriate,  the Economic  and Social
Council and the General Assembly.

66.  The role of the Division for the Advancement of Women in ensuring  that
the  overall   regime  of  protection  of  the  human  rights  of  women  is

strengthened is  stressed in  both the  Platform for  Action and the  Vienna
Declaration and  Programme of  Action. 5/   This implies a  broader role  in
providing gender-based  information to various  human rights treaty  bodies,
as well as  in taking steps "to ensure  that the human  rights activities of
the United  Nations regularly  address violations of  women's human  rights,
including gender-specific  abuses". 6/  In  view of  the importance accorded
to the elimination of  violence against women by the Platform for Action and
previous  intergovernmental decisions  -  including, inter  alia, resolution
39/5 of the Commission on the Status  of Women - the Division, together with
other  relevant  United Nations  bodies,  will  be  called  upon to  provide
enhanced support  to the Special Rapporteur on Violence against Women and to
assist in  monitoring implementation of  the Declaration  on the Elimination
of Violence  against Women  (see General  Assembly resolution  48/104).   In
this regard, the Division will need to develop its database on the  subject.
In addition, the Division will be required to  support the Commission on the
Status of  Women in relation to  the communications  procedure (Economic and
Social  Council resolution  1993/11) and  in  pursuing  the proposal  in the
Platform  for  Action  to  elaborate  a   draft  optional  protocol  to  the
Convention on the Elimination of All  Forms of Discrimination against  Women
on the right to petition.

67.   A third area  relates to inter-agency coordination  and the monitoring
of  intergovernmental  decisions   concerning  the  implementation  of   the
Platform for Action, in support of  the coordinating and monitoring roles of
the Commission on the  Status of Women and  the Economic and Social Council,
and to accompanying  outreach activities with  entities outside  the system.
A decentralized model of implementation places  a high premium on monitoring
as a means  of maintaining consistency and avoiding duplication of effort at
all levels.   Given the scope and diversity  of the Platform for Action, the
Division will  need, in the  exercise of its  functions, to  interact with a
wider range and larger  number of institutions and  actors than in the past.
It will play  a central role in  developing further the system-wide  medium-
term plan for the advancement  of women, 4/ which will  need to reflect  new
methodologies and concepts.

68.    The   number  of  non-governmental  organizations  involved  in   the
Conference and in the  parallel NGO Forum was unprecedented.  The process of
mobilizing  this vast and diverse  support for the advancement of women will
require   considerable  expansion  of   the  Division's  outreach  capacity,
including   through   publications,  increased   use   of   new  information
technologies, support  for dissemination of  information through mass  media
and women's networks, advisory services and database and network linkages.

69.    The  programme  activities  and  the  related  resource  requirements
resulting  from  the  new   orientations  and  additional   responsibilities
outlined above  were not included in  the proposed programme  budget for the
biennium 1996-1997, 7/ before the General  Assembly at the present  session,
which specifically provides for revision on the basis  of the outcome of the
Conference.  A separate statement will be submitted in this regard.

  (ii)Other  units of  the United  Nations  Secretariat  referred to  in the
Platform for Action

70.   The Platform  for Action  recommends (para.  331) that  the Office  of
Human Resources Management:

"... continue to accord priority to  the recruitment and promotion  of women
in  posts  subject to  geographical  distribution,  particularly  in  senior
policy-level and  decision-making posts, in order  to achieve  the goals set
out  in General Assembly  resolutions 45/125 and 45/239  C and reaffirmed in
General  Assembly  resolutions  46/100,  47/93,  48/106  and  49/167.    The
training  service  should  design  and  conduct  regular  gender-sensitivity
training or include gender-sensitivity training in all of its activities."

71.   The General  Assembly has before it at  its present session a separate
report of  the Secretary-General on  the improvement of the  status of women

in  the Secretariat (A/50/691), which addresses the requirements referred to
above, including plans to reach the target of 50 per cent women by the  year
2000 and developments in the area of training.   Gender-equality issues will
also be addressed in  the medium-term plan  for the period 1998-2001 in  the
context  of the  Secretary-General's  overall strategy  for  human  resource
management, approved by  the General Assembly in  its resolution 49/222 B of
20  July 1995.    Implementation  of the  strategic plan  of action  for the
improvement  of the  status of  women  in  the Secretariat  (1995-2000) (see
A/49/587 and Corr.1) will be monitored closely.

72.  The Platform for Action further states

"The Department  of Public  Information should  seek to  integrate a  gender
perspective  in its  general  information activities  and,  within  existing
resources,  strengthen and  improve its  programmes  on  women and  the girl
child.    To  this  end,  the   Department  should  formulate  a  multimedia
communications strategy to  support the implementation  of the  Platform for
Action,  taking new technology fully  into account.   Regular outputs of the
Department  should  promote  the  goals of  the  Platform,  particularly  in
developing countries." (para. 332)

73.   In  formulating such  a  communications  strategy, the  Department  of
Public Information will build on the momentum generated in the media by  its
information activities in support of the  Fourth World Conference on  Women,
and integrate  this strategy  within  the overall  information programme  to
follow   up  the  current   cycle  of   major  United   Nations  development
conferences.    Utilizing  the full  array  of  promotional  activities  and
multimedia  products  undertaken  by  the  Department,  the   communications
strategy will  draw on the Department's  network of  information centres and
services  located  in   67  countries  and  the  inter-agency   coordination
mechanism, the Joint United Nations Information Committee.

74.    With  respect  to the  Statistical  Division  of the  Department  for
Economic and  Social Information and Policy  Analysis, in  paragraph 333 the
Platform for Action recommends that the  Statistical Division should have an
important  coordinating  role  in  international  work  in  statistics,   as
described in chapter IV, strategic objective H.3.

75.   In the period 1996-2001,  implementation of  the interrelated mandates
of  the International  Conference  on Population  and  Development,  held at
Cairo from 5 to 13 September 1994, the World Summit for Social  Development,
held at Copenhagen  from 6 to 12 March 1995, and the Fourth World Conference
on  Women will require  the development  and dissemination  of indicators on
women  and men  with respect  to  the  informal sector,  unremunerated work,
poverty, youth, elderly and  disabled persons (para. 206 (e)-(h) and (k) and
para. 208 (b)).   It will also require  the compilation and dissemination of
the database and methodologies underlying these  indicators, as well as  the
provision  of technical  support for  work at  the national  level in  these
fields (para. 206 (b)).   Statistical concepts  and methods will need to  be
developed  to measure  and value  unremunerated  work.   This  would involve
developing  an  international  classification  of  activities  for  time-use
statistics  that is sensitive  to the differences  between women  and men in
remunerated  and unremunerated  work (para.  206  (g)),  and working  on the
analytical framework and policy uses of  supplementary accounts to the  1993
System  of  National Accounts  that recognize  the economic  contribution of
women.  In this  regard, the  Statistical  Division  will interact  with the
inter-agency task force referred  to above (para. 38),  as well as  with the
Administrative  Committee  on  Coordination  task  force  on  basic   social
services  for all  (see para.  89 below),  which will  address, inter  alia,
database issues  emerging from  the International  Conference on  Population
and Development, the  World Summit  for Social Development,  as well as  the
Fourth World Conference on Women.

(g)  United Nations Development Fund for Women

76.  As indicated in the Platform for Action:

"UNIFEM has  the mandate to increase  options and  opportunities for women's
economic  and  social  development  in  developing  countries  by  providing
technical  and financial  assistance to  incorporate the  women's  dimension
into  development  at all  levels.    Therefore,  UNIFEM  should review  and
strengthen,  as appropriate, its work programme in the light of the Platform
for  Action, focusing on  women's political  and economic  empowerment.  Its
advocacy  role  should  concentrate  on  fostering  a  multilateral   policy
dialogue on  women's empowerment.  Adequate  resources for  carrying out its
functions should be made available." (para. 335)

77.   The operational  role of  UNIFEM in the follow-up  to the Fourth World
Conference on  Women will be  consolidated.  It  will continue  to focus its
work at the  country level within  the context  of the resident  coordinator
system.    UNIFEM  will also  work  to  bring  its  experience  in programme
countries to  the attention  of other  organizations in  the United  Nations
system with  a view to strengthening  the gender  perspective of development
programmes and increasing  synergy with other United Nations  organizations.
UNIFEM  will  concentrate, as  specified  in  the  Platform  for Action,  on
women's  economic  and  political  empowerment.   With  respect  to  women's
economic empowerment, UNIFEM will concentrate on globalization and  economic
restructuring  with a  focus on  trade  and structural  adjustment policies,
gender-sensitive  development  policy   and  the  promotion  of  sustainable
livelihoods,  including thorough  new  approaches to  both  micro-enterprise
development  and natural  resource management.    Its  work with  respect to
political  empowerment will  focus on  strengthening  the  role of  women in
governance, women's human  rights, conflict  prevention and  peace-building,
and empowering  women to  participate effectively in  the global  conference
processes and the implementation of conference outcomes.

78.   UNIFEM  will  support  women's  organizations to  increase  leadership
opportunities for decision-making and advocacy for  women.  UNIFEM will play
a key role  in supporting the implementation of  the Platform for Action  at
the country  level, including through  the proposed inter-agency task force,
and the resident coordinator system.

(h)   International Research and Training  Institute for  the Advancement of
Women

79.  The Platform for Action states:

"INSTRAW  has  a  mandate  to  promote  research  and  training  on  women's
situation  and  development.   In  the light  of  the  Platform  for Action,
INSTRAW  should  review its  work  programme  and  develop  a programme  for
implementing those  aspects of the Platform  for Action that fall within its
mandate.    It  should  identify  those   types  of  research  and  research
methodologies  to be given priority, strengthen national capacities to carry
out women's  studies and gender  research, including that  on the  status of
the girl child,  and develop networks of  research institutions that can  be
mobilized  for  that  purpose.   It  should  also identify  those  types  of
education  and training that  can be  effectively supported  and promoted by
the Institute." (para. 334)

80.   Research and training  activities to further the  advancement of women
requiring priority attention in the light of the Fourth World Conference  on
Women  and other global  United Nations  conferences will  include the study
and understanding  of  the obstacles  to  the  full recognition  of  women's
participation       in       sustainable       development,        including
methodological/conceptual   development;  concrete   research  and  training
programmes  focusing  on  ways  and  means  to  solve  the  extreme  poverty
affecting women world wide, in particular  in developing countries; and  the
dissemination of  research  findings  and  analytical tools  to  assist  the
efforts of  intergovernmental  agencies, governmental  officials and  policy
makers,  as well  as  academic  and research  centres  and  non-governmental
organizations.   Sections A  and E to  L in chapter  IV of  the Platform for
Action are of particular relevance to the work of the Institute.

(i)  Other organizations of the United Nations system

81.  In  paragraphs 336 to  344 of the Platform for  Action, the specialized
agencies  and  organizations  of  the  United  Nations  are  called  upon to
strengthen  their support for  actions at the national  level and to enhance
their contributions to coordinated follow-up by the United Nations.

"...  each  organization should  set  out  the  specific  actions they  will
undertake, including  goals and targets to  realign priorities and  redirect
resources  to meet  the global  priorities  identified  in the  Platform for
Action.    There  should  be  a  clear  delineation  of  responsibility  and
accountability.    These  proposals  should  in  turn  be  reflected  in the
systemwide medium-term  plan for  the advancement  of women  for the  period
1996-2001." (para. 336)

The Platform  for Action  additionally  calls for  gender mainstreaming  and
gender focal points in each agency.

82.   The  Platform for  Action  also  recommends that  "the  Administrative
Committee  on Coordination  consider how  its participating  entities  might
best coordinate  their activities, inter  alia, through existing  procedures
at  the  inter-agency   level  for  ensuring  system-wide  coordination   to
implement and help follow  up objectives of the  Platform for Action" (para.
316).

83.  Each organization  should "take steps to enhance and support the  roles
and  responsibilities of  its focal  points  on  women issues"  (para. 337);
"cooperate  more  [when  providing  technical  assistance]  to  ensure   the
continuing  promotion of  the  advancement of  women" (para.  338); "provide
appropriate  technical assistance  and  other  forms  of assistance  to  the
countries with  economies in transition in  order to  facilitate solution of
their specific  problems regarding  the advancement of  women" (para.  339);
and "accord  greater priority to  the recruitment and promotion  of women at
the Professional level to  achieve gender balance, particularly at decision-
making  levels  ...    Due regard  should  be  paid  to  the  importance  of
recruiting  the  staff  on  as  wide   a  geographical  basis  as  possible.
Organizations  should report regularly to their governing bodies on progress
towards  this  goal" (para.  340).   The Platform  for Action  proposes that
"coordination of  United Nations operational  activities for development  at
the  country  level  should be  improved  through  the  resident coordinator
system in accordance with relevant resolutions  of the General Assembly,  in
particular General Assembly resolution 47/199, to  take full account of  the
Platform" (para. 341).

84.    Paragraphs  342   to  344  of  the   Platform  for  Action  encourage
international financial institutions, in implementing the Platform:

"To  review and  revise policies,  procedures  and  staffing to  ensure that
investments and programmes benefit women and thus  contribute to sustainable
development.  They  are also encouraged to increase  the number of women  in
high-level  positions,  increase  staff  training  in  gender  analysis  and
institute policies  and  guidelines  to  ensure full  consideration  of  the
differential impact of lending programmes and  other activities on women and
men.  In  this regard, the Bretton  Woods institutions, the United  Nations,
as well  as its  funds and programmes  and the specialized  agencies, should
establish regular and  substantive dialogue, including dialogue at the field
level, for more efficient and effective  coordination of their assistance in
order to  strengthen the effectiveness of  their programmes  for the benefit
of women and their families." (para. 342)

85.  Moreover, in  paragraph 354, the Platform  for Action proposes that the
international financial  institutions and regional development banks "should
be invited  to examine their  grants and lending  and to  allocate loans and
grants to programmes for implementing the  Platform for Action in developing
countries,  especially in Africa  and the  least developed  countries".  The
International  Monetary  Fund  (IMF)  and  the  World  Bank  along  with the

organizations and bodies of  the United Nations system are invited to assist
countries with economies in transition to  design and implement policies and
programmes for the advancement of women" (para. 356).

86.   The Platform for  Action recommends that consideration should be given
"to  inviting  the  World  Trade  Organization  to  consider  how  it  might
contribute  to the  implementation  of  the Platform  for Action,  including
activities in cooperation with the United Nations system" (para. 343).

87.    These  recommendations will  be  brought  to  the  attention  of  all
concerned organizations, and  their responses will  be covered in subsequent
reports.    The   concerned  organizations,  including  the  Bretton   Woods
institutions   and  the  World  Trade  Organization,  will   be  invited  to
participate in the proposed inter-agency task force (see para. 38 above).

88.   The revised system-wide  medium-term plan for the advancement of women
for the  period  1996-2001, which  will  reflect  the proposals  for  action
agreed to in Beijing and at other recent  global conferences, will provide a
basis for monitoring the implementation by the  United Nations system of the
Platform for Action  and related recommendations on gender issues formulated
by  other conferences.   It  will  provide a  mechanism for  mobilizing  and
monitoring  joint activities and for identifying gaps  in the implementation
of the Platform.  The plan is scheduled for review by the Commission on  the
Status  of  Women,   the  Administrative  Committee  on  Coordination,   the
Committee  for  Programme  and  Coordination  and  the  Economic and  Social
Council in 1996.

89.  At the  second regular session for 1995 of the Administrative Committee
on  Coordination, held  on 12  and 13  October, executive  heads agreed that
monitoring the follow-up by the United  Nations system to the  International
Conference  on  Population  and Development,  the  World  Social  Summit for
Development and the Fourth World Conference on Women will be a main  concern
of the  Committee  in the  period ahead.   The  Administrative Committee  on
Coordination decided  that it will, to  the extent  possible, undertake this
work  on  the basis  of  cross-sectoral  themes,  bringing together  related
results  of  recent global  conferences.    The  Committee  also decided  to
strengthen  coordinated support  for follow-up action at  the country level,
through  inter-agency  task  forces   organized  around  three  interrelated
themes:  (a) the enabling environment  for social and economic  development;
(b) employment and sustainable  livelihoods; and (c)  basic social  services
for all.   It directed that the gender dimension should be  taken fully into
account in the work of each  of these task forces.  Noting that the Platform
for Action adopted by  the Fourth World Conference on Women encompasses  but
goes well beyond  these themes, the  Secretary-General, following  action by
the  General Assembly,  will  propose  to the  Administrative  Committee  on
Coordination the establishment  of a goal-oriented, inter-agency task  force
on the empowerment and  advancement of women in  order to promote  sustained
and coordinated follow-up to the Platform for Action  and to ensure that the
improvement of  the status  of women  in all its  aspects is  placed in  the
mainstream of the work  of the system.  The experience of the Ad  Hoc Inter-
Agency Group on Women, a network of focal points  on women's issues that has
been  meeting  within  the  framework  of  the  Administrative Committee  on
Coordination since International Women's Year, in  1975, will be drawn  upon
in this regard.

(j)  Non-governmental organizations

90.   As noted above, the Conference was  characterized by the unprecedented
involvement   of  civil   society,  including   the  participation   of   an
unprecedented number of  non-governmental organizations.  In recognition  of
this contribution,  the Platform for Action  states that  the active support
and  participation of  a broad  and  diverse  range of  institutional actors
should be encouraged,  including "legislative bodies, academic and  research
institutions, professional associations, trade  unions, cooperatives,  local
community   groups,   non-governmental  organizations,   including   women's
organizations  and  feminist groups,  the  media,  religious  groups,  youth

organizations  and  cultural groups,  as well  as  financial and  non-profit
organizations" (para. 295).

91.   The  Platform for  Action  provides for  a role  for  non-governmental
organizations in  the design  and implementation of  national strategies  or
plans of  action  (para. 297).    It  further states  that  non-governmental
organizations  should be  encouraged  "to  develop their  own programmes  to
complement government efforts.   Women's organizations and feminist  groups,
in  collaboration  with  other  non-governmental  organizations,  should  be
encouraged  to organize  networks, as  necessary,  and  to advocate  for and
support  the implementation of  the Platform  for Action  by Governments and
regional  and  international bodies"  (para.  298).  The Platform  calls for
strengthening the  capacity  of non-governmental  organizations to  mobilize
and  contribute resources  towards  implementation of  the  Platform  (para.
350).   Underscoring the  role that  non-governmental organizations have  in
implementing the Platform for  Action, the Platform  calls for consideration
to  be  given to  "establishing  a  mechanism  for  collaborating with  non-
governmental organizations to promote the implementation of the Platform  at
various levels" (para. 344).

92.   The  Secretary-General  attaches  great  importance to  the  continued
mobilization of  all elements  of civil  society in  promoting an  effective
follow-up to the Conference  and expects that  the Commission on the  Status
of  Women  will give  consideration  to  means  of  promoting the  effective
implementation of  the provisions  of the  Platform for  Action relating  to
non-governmental organizations,  including the establishment of  appropriate
mechanisms to enhance collaboration with these organizations.


             III.  RECOMMENDATIONS FOR ACTION BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY
                   AT ITS FIFTIETH SESSION

93.   Consideration by  the General  Assembly of  the report  on the  Fourth
World Conference  on  Women  should  serve to  consolidate  the  commitments
entered into  by Member States and  the international  community in Beijing.
To  that end,  the Assembly  at its  current  session  may wish  to consider
taking the following action:

  (a)  Calling  upon Member States and the international community to commit
themselves to full and effective implementation  of the Platform for  Action
through  the   early  development  of  specific  implementation  strategies,
including the  establishment or improvement  of national machineries for the
advancement  of women and  measures to  integrate the  gender dimension into
all policies and programmes;

  (b)   Calling  upon the  organizations  of  the United  Nations system  to
extend their full support to Governments  and the international community in
the  implementation  of  the Platform  for  Action  in  the  context  of  an
integrated follow-up to all recent global conferences;

  (c)  Inviting all elements of civil society  to contribute actively to the
fulfilment of the objectives of the Platform for Action;

  (d)  Deciding to review the implementation of  the Platform for Action  on
a biennial basis;

  (e)  Inviting the Economic and  Social Council to utilize  its high-level,
coordination  and   operational  activities  segments   to  further   policy
coordination and  inter-agency cooperation  towards the  achievement of  the
objectives   of   the   Platform  for   Action,  in   accordance   with  the
recommendations of the Conference;

  (f)   Inviting the  Economic and Social  Council to  review and strengthen
the mandate of the  Commission on the  Status of Women, taking into  account
the need  for  effective  coordination with  other related  commissions  and
Conference follow-up,  so  as to  enable the  Commission to  play a  central

role, within the United Nations system,  in monitoring the implementation of
the Platform for  Action, and in  assisting the  Council in coordination  of
reporting on implementation;

  (g)   Inviting the Commission on  the Status of  Women, in developing  its
work  programme  for  the  period  1996-2000,  to  consider  modalities  for
maximizing  its contribution to  the follow-up  to the Conference, including
monitoring  of  implementation,  policy  development  with  respect  to  the
critical areas  of concern in the Platform for Action  and the strengthening
of its  catalytic  role in  mainstreaming  a  gender perspective  in  United
Nations activities;

  (h)   Also  inviting, within  their  mandates,  all other  United  Nations
organs and their subsidiary  bodies to take due account of the Platform  for
Action  and to  ensure the  integration  of the  gender dimension  in  their
respective policymaking activities;

  (i)   Calling for mobilization  of resources  from all sources  to further
the  implementation  of   the  Platform  for  Action,  including   sustained
contributions to voluntarily  funded programmes of the United Nations system
for activities on gender and development;

  (j)    Noting   the  commitment  of  the  Secretary-General  to   exercise
responsibility for coordination of policy within  the United Nations for the
implementation of  the Platform for  Action and for  the mainstreaming  of a
systemwide  gender perspective in  all activities  of the  United Nations at
all levels,  and the  arrangements being  made by  the Secretary-General  in
this regard;

  (k)    Noting  the  intention  of  the  Secretary-General  to  establish a
highlevel advisory  board on the  advancement of  women to  ensure that  the
expectations and concerns  of major constituencies on gender-related  issues
are fully taken into account in implementing the Platform for Action;

  (l)  Noting the key roles to  be played by the Administrative Committee on
Coordination, through,  inter alia,  the proposed  inter-agency task  force,
the  regional   commissions  and   the  resident   coordinator  system,   in
contributing to the  coordinated implementation  of the Platform for  Action
at the inter-agency, regional and national levels;

  (m)  Providing for the strengthening of  the capacity of relevant entities
within the United  Nations to contribute,  in a coordinated  manner, to  the
effective follow-up to the Conference.


Notes

  1/    Report of  the  Fourth  World Conference  on  Women,  Beijing,  4-15
September 1995 (A/CONF.177/20).

  2/    Report  of  the   World  Conference  to  Review   and  Appraise  the
Achievements of the United Nations Decade  for Women:  Equality, Development
and Peace, Nairobi, 15-26 July 1985  (United Nations publication, Sales  No.
E.85.IV.10), chap. I, sect. A.

  3/    Report of  the  Fourth  World  Conference on  Women  ...,  chap.  I,
resolution 1, annexes I and II respectively.

  4/  Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1993,  Supplement
No. 9 (E/1993/29).

  5/   Report of the World  Conference on Human  Rights, Vienna, 14-25  June
1993 (A/CONF.157/24 (Part I)), chap. III.

  6/  Ibid., para. 42.

  7/     Official  Records   of  the  General  Assembly,  Fiftieth  Session,
Supplement No. 6 (A/50/6/Rev.1).


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