United Nations


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

24 October 1995


Fiftieth session
Agenda items 25, 27, 29, 39,
  45, 56, 61, 63, 65, 95, 101,
  105, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111,
  112, 146, 156 and 161













95-32318 (E)   081195  091195/...









Letter dated 19 October 1995 from the Permanent Representative of
Argentina to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General

  I  have the honour to transmit to you  herewith the Bariloche Declaration,
issued  by all the  participants in  the fifth  Ibero-American Conference of
Heads  of State  and Government held  in San Carlos  de Bariloche, Argentina
(see annex).

  I  should  be  grateful if  you  would  have  this  letter  and its  annex
distributed as a document  of the General  Assembly under items 25, 27,  29,
39, 45,  56, 61, 63, 65,  95, 101, 105,  107, 108, 109, 110,  111, 112, 146,
156 and 161 of the agenda of the fiftieth session.

(Signed)  Emilio J. CARDENAS  
Permanent Representative









1.    We, the  Heads  of  State  and Government  of  the  21  Ibero-American
countries,  have met  for the  fifth time  in  the  framework of  the Ibero-
American  Conference of Heads  of State  and Government, in the  city of San
Carlos de Bariloche,  on 16 and 17 October  1995, convinced that our  shared
cultural heritage and the principles and  objectives adopted at our previous

meetings have strengthened our Conference as  a forum for collective  action
and a  preferred instrument  of cooperation.    In this  connection, we  are
pleased to note the progressive strengthening of the  capacity of the Ibero-
American  Conference  to  uphold and  act  upon  the  set  of  concepts  and
principles on which it is based.

2.   We  affirm our  unwavering commitment  to democracy,  respect for human
rights  and  fundamental  freedoms,  the  rule   of  international  law  and
observance  of  the  principles  enshrined  in  the  Charter  of  the United
Nations.   The  historical and  cultural affinities underpinning  our shared
identity, together with  these principles, whose  recognized validity is the
fundamental  reason for  our  membership in  the  Ibero-American  community,
constitute  the  conceptual framework  which  has  guided  our  reflections,
purposes  and  objectives  with  regard  to   the  issue  of  education  for

3.   Today,  on the  threshold  of  the twenty-first  century, Ibero-America
faces  a threefold  challenge:   to  promote  and consolidate  sustained and
sustainable  economic  and   social  development;  to  broaden  and   deepen
integration processes  in  a context  of  open  regionalism; and  to  become
integrated into  a world undergoing radical  changes, primarily  as a result
of the revolution in science, technology and production.

4.  Against this  backdrop, we see education as the primary means of meeting
these challenges successfully.  Access for all to  the values, knowledge and
skills  imparted by the  educational system  is a  prerequisite for ensuring
the  continuity  and  stability  of  democratic  institutions,  guaranteeing
political, economic,  social and cultural  participation, especially on  the
part of the most disadvantaged  groups and contributing to the fight against

5.    Of special  relevance  in  this  regard are  the  reflections  of  the
Ministers of  Education of  the Ibero-American countries expressed  at their
meetings in Guadalupe, Spain (1992) and  Salvador, Brazil (1993), which were
convened and organized in close cooperation  with the Organization of Ibero-
American States  for Education, Science  and Culture.   We also  endorse the
decisions  taken  and   programmes  adopted  at  the  fifth   Ibero-American
Conference on Education (Argentina, 1995) and  contained in the Buenos Aires

6.   In the light of these  documents, we have decided to devote our meeting
in Bariloche  to discussing  and adopting  conclusions on  education in  the
conviction  that  it is  one  of  the cornerstones  of  development  in  our


7.    The  educational  and  cultural   development  of  communities  is   a
prerequisite for the consolidation of democratic political  systems with the
capacity to build integrated, participatory societies.

8.   Education is an essential  component of  the Ibero-American cooperation
strategy.  It involves the transmission of knowledge and  the affirmation of
values  that  emphasize  peaceful  coexistence,  responsibility,  tolerance,
solidarity and justice and that promote  the development of individuals  who
show social  solidarity and  who are  active and  tolerant in the  political
sphere, productive  in the economic sphere,  respectful of  human rights and
aware of the value of the natural environment.

9.  Education policies  should be designed by  the State with  the consensus
and participation of all  social sectors, and should seek to give the entire
population equal access to education without discrimination.

10.   The  efforts  to be  made in  this  connection  cannot be  confined to
educational systems.   Scientific  and technological  training and  research
must be  linked more  closely to  the production  of goods  and services  in

order to enhance competitiveness.

11.    Our common  efforts  to  promote  comprehensive  education cannot  be
limited to formal educational  systems.  We  must meet the demands of  broad
sectors  of the population  which, for whatever reason,  have not had access
to the  various levels of  formal education.  To that end,  we must make use
of all available instruments, especially the mass media.

12.   Today,  comprehensive education  is  a  strategic resource  of crucial
importance  for  growth and  full social  participation  and for  sustained,
balanced   and   equitable  development.     The   profound  socio-economic,
scientific, technological and  cultural changes  which have  taken place  in
the world over the past decade  demand educational systems which are capable
of developing the  skills required in order to  cope with these changes  and
which stimulate creativity and emphasize the  new culture of innovation,  as
well as a  clear vision of  the future vis-a-vis the challenges  of the next

13.  The search for excellence calls  for a multifaceted educational  effort
adapted to  a dynamic  technological environment.   Consequently,  education
must  be viewed  as a  shared responsibility  of  society  as a  whole which
involves  not only  educational institutions  but also  economic  and social
actors,  the   communications  media  and  the   various  types  of   social

14.    Our  aim  is  to  create  an  increasingly  integrated Ibero-American
community.  To that end,  we must  promote genuine  educational and cultural
cooperation among all of our countries  to build a growing interrelationship
among the institutions that comprise the educational system.

15.  In view  of the foregoing, we affirm  that a priority objective of this
fifth  Summit is  to raise  the  awareness and  sense of  responsibility  of
society as  a whole with  respect to the importance  of innovation processes
for modernization and social and economic participation.

16.   The Ibero-American  community has an exceptionally solid communication
base,  thanks  to  the  existence  of  common  languages  and  cultural  and
educational similarities which have been shaped  during many centuries of  a
shared  history. Easy communication  in the  educational sphere  is a common
characteristic of the Ibero-American countries.

17.  In  that connection, we feel  that Ibero-America's cultural wealth  and
the Spanish  and Portuguese languages in  which it is expressed constitute a
common heritage.  It  is essential to protect  and promote that  heritage in
every forum, especially  in those international organizations, agencies  and
institutions in which one  or other of those  two languages enjoys  official
status.   Within each  of our  nations, that  same need  for protection  and
preservation exists in respect of indigenous languages,  which constitute an
indivisible part of the IberoAmerican cultural  heritage and of humanity  as
a whole.

18.   Consequently, the development  of joint  programmes in  the fields  of
education  and research  not only  will facilitate  progress in  educational
activities,  but will provide opportunities for contacts and relations among
the Ibero-American  peoples and  the structuring  of a  common economic  and
social network, thus strengthening awareness of an Ibero-American identity.

19.  To achieve that  goal, we are determined to  give the highest  priority
to  programmes for  exchanges among  experts and teachers  in the  fields of
education and research, which  offer great potential  for collective efforts
and  should be at the  core of Ibero-American  cooperation.  The development
of  educational  research and  technological  management  programmes  is  an
objective which opens up many opportunities for Ibero-American cooperation.



20.   Knowledge, particularly in  the scientific  and technological spheres,
is a key  asset in the economic and  social progress of  our countries.  The
concern to  go  forward in  the  acquisition,  development and  transfer  of
knowledge currently constitutes one of the main topics  on the agenda of the
Ibero-American community.

21.    Education  as  social  policy   should  strengthen  our  capacity  to
disseminate  knowledge and  generate  appropriate  strategies for  providing
access to  that knowledge by individuals,  groups and communities on a basis
of equity,  thereby  improving the  quality  of  education services  to  the
population as a whole.

22.  This democratization of education should begin with measures to  reduce
and   eradicate  illiteracy,   semi-literacy,   non-attendance   at  school,
repetition of  school  years, high  drop-out  rates,  and the  deteriorating
quality of education. 

  Progress  in that  area could  be  achieved  by strengthening  schemes for
cooperation  on  educational  policies  and  by  sharing  experiences  among

 23.  Priority in educational policies  must therefore be given to producing
quality  primary and secondary  education aimed  at providing the knowledge,
techniques, values and  skills necessary for people  to live in dignity,  to
attain educational  levels in keeping with  their abilities,  to continue to
learn throughout their  lives, and to  foster the human qualities  of Ibero-
American societies.

  Today,  this  goal  has  become  a  matter  of  urgency   because  we  are
experiencing  a crisis  characterized by  deterioration  in the  quality  of

24.   In improving the quality  of education, the  principle of equity  must
not be neglected.  Developing education in such a way as to promote  genuine
equality of opportunity and access, avoiding all forms of exclusion of  less
advantaged sectors, will  ensure social  cohesion and guarantee equality  of
educational and productive  opportunities for  women and  the inclusion  and
participation  of young  people.   It  will further  ensure respect  for the
cultural and  linguistic identity and  integrated development of  indigenous
peoples and  generate an appreciation of cultural pluralism and multi-ethnic

25.   Economic  changes  and  structural adjustment  in  the  Ibero-American
countries  have  led to  the increasing  modernization  of their  economies,
albeit  at a  high social  cost for  many countries.   Policies  for  formal
education and job  training, accompanied  by new,  more flexible  employment
policies, can  make  a decisive  contribution  by  absorbing more  and  more
people into the labour  market, thus enabling them to share in the  benefits
of development.

26.  In examining ways of creating a link between education and  production,
the need for a good general education and the variability of  the demand for
labour  must be  taken into  account.  The  best training for  work is good-
quality  basic education  that  is sufficiently  broad, flexible  and multi-
purpose to  serve as the basis  for specialization at a  later date in  line
with the constant changes in the labour market.

27.   It  is also  important that  the  value  of job  training, in  all its
aspects,  should  be  fully  appreciated:    for  workers,  it  should  mean
increased  employment  opportunities,  protect  them  from  any  decline  in
earnings, and  give them the  chance to prepare  for new  working methods of
today's society; for young  people in search of  their first jobs, it should
provide a means  of penetrating the labour  market; and for enterprises,  it
should   act  as   a  stimulus   for   increased  worker   productivity  and

competitiveness,   as  well  as   an  instrument  for  easing  the  worker's
adaptation to new market demands and the use of new technologies.

28.   The linking  of formal  education with job training  is essential both
for economic development and for access to employment.

  From  that  point  of  view,  the  role  of  the  State  is  of  strategic
importance.  Encouraging investment in  education in  order to  produce more
highly qualified workers  capable of applying new technologies and  adapting
to  modern  methods  of  organizing  work,  is  one  of  the  State's  major
responsibilities in efforts to reduce unemployment.

 29.  The changes  in the workplace  resulting from a transformation of  the
socioeconomic context  call for  a re-examination of  traditional models  of
vocational  education  and  job training.    That  responsibility should  be
shared by  the different  social actors,  namely, Governments,  enterprises,
unions, social organizations and individuals.

30.  In managing  the resources allocated for  education, it is important to
avoid  duplication  of  investments,  reduce  administrative  costs,  ensure
optimal benefits from  expenditure, provide greater autonomy for  individual
establishments   by  promoting   greater   citizen  involvement   in  school
management, improve  performance evaluation and  follow-up methods,  achieve
improved  levels  of effectiveness  and  efficiency,  and  provide  advanced
training for those in charge of the education process.

31.  In the Ibero-American countries, universities and other  establishments
of  higher education  have always  been central  to the process  of tertiary
education. For  that reason, and  given the  changes that have  taken place,
universities are  now facing a twofold  challenge:   to institute structural
and curricular  modernization  and to  adapt  education  to the  demands  of
Ibero-American  societies,   the  object  being   to  contribute  to   their
political, economic and social development.

32.   The  Ibero-American community  is  also  confronted with  the task  of
improving  its  capacity  to  absorb  and  generate  technology.     Through
programmes of applied research, research efforts  must be brought into  line
with the  needs of  the production  sector and  funds for  research must  be
sought  from the  private sector.  To this  end, the mechanisms  linking the
academic world to the development  of applied research in the business world
must be  strengthened.  One such  mechanism is  the Ibero-American Programme
of  Science  and  Technology  for  Development (CYTED),  whose  most  recent
conference, dedicated to training for innovation,  was held in Buenos  Aires
from 2  to 4 October.   Regular units  should be established  in centres  of
higher  education to  promote such  activities  and agreements  between  the
universities and  the business community can  serve as  ideal mechanisms for
that purpose.

33.   Rapid  technological  change requires  continual  updating  of skills.
Therefore, institutes  of higher education  should undertake the  continuous
refresher training  of professionals  by establishing projects based  on the
combined   efforts  of  the   academic  and   private  sectors.    Moreover,
enterprises should  become  involved in  the  academic  world in  developing
continuing   education   programmes  leading   to   incentive   schemes  for
encouraging the necessary investment.

34.  In  line with our commitment  to these goals, we  agree on the  need to
develop an Ibero-American university of excellence  for training the men and
women who will run our countries in the next millennium.  Strengthening  the
role  of  the  Ibero-American  universities  will   be  one  of  our   basic

35.   We  therefore consider  it important  to  create stronger  links among
universities  and  other establishments  of higher  education in  the Ibero-
American countries,  with a view to  the greatest  possible harmonization of
their educational  programmes.   With that in  mind, we will  also encourage

programmes of student and teacher exchanges.


36.  In the belief that expenditure on education should be considered as  an
investment  in   society,  we  express  our  determination  to  promote  the
efficient use  of State  and private  funds for  education and to  promote a
substantial, progressive and sustained increase in allocations.

37.   Education needs  to be  comprehensive and  integrated in  view of  the
growing   trend  towards  globalization  of  economic  activities,  regional
integration  and,  at the  same  time,  revitalization of  neighbourhoods as
areas offering individuals scope for self-fulfilment and  for development of
the community to which they belong.

38.   Integrated quality  education  implies the  establishment of  policies
which provide for:

  (a)equal  opportunities for  all members  of  the  population in  terms of
access  to,  attendance at  and  graduation  from  high-quality  educational
establishments,  thus  advancing   social  justice  by  promoting   specific
programmes to compensate for inequalities;

  (b)the acquisition  of knowledge  and the development of  skills equipping
people to  practice a profession,  cope with daily  living or  perform civic

  (c)the need to review traditional models  of vocational training with  the
participation  of the  various social  actors,  such as  the family  and the

  (d)recognition of and respect for cultural diversity;

  (e)advocacy  of  the  values  of  democracy,  solidarity,  tolerance   and
responsibility at the primary and secondary  school levels as the  basis for
peaceful and harmonious coexistence;

  (f)active participation in  society in the  political, economic and social
spheres through  access to knowledge that  is essential  for the development
of individual skills.  Education programmes must involve all social actors;

  (g)integration of  existing human  resources in the workforce  and society
as a whole through new, flexible employment policies and the development  of
workers' training programmes;

  (h)stimulation  of intellectual  curiosity and an inquiring  mind from the
very earliest age as  the take-off point for  the development of  scientific
and  technological research and  for social  reforms aimed  at promoting the
well-being of society as a whole;

   (i)an understanding  of the link  between science, technology and society
as the foundation for a culture of innovation;

  (j)intensive use of  the most up-to-date teaching materials with  emphasis
on promoting reading  and establishing new and/or better-equipped  libraries
within  teaching  institutions with  a  view  to  a  wider dissemination  of

  (k)modernization of Ibero-American universities  and institutes of  higher
education to  promote  standards of  excellence and  foster cooperation  and
complementarity among them;

  (l)strengthening the  teaching profession by  improving initial  training,
refresher training and ongoing training programmes;

  (m)upgrading existing programmes and  introducing new vocational  training

programmes to bring our  countries closer together,  as well as more  modern
teaching methods in this field;

  (n)continuing to promote scientific  research as a  substantive basis  for
fostering  development  and updating  technology  by  designing  a  training
school capable of  making a substantial contribution in the area of research
applied  to  the  production   sector  and  strengthening  support  for  the
establishment and coordination of research networks  among the countries  of
the Ibero-American community;

  (o)development  and  analysis  of  the  connection  between  science   and
production  by  promoting  the  continuous  integration  of  technology  and
scientific applications in production methods;

  (p)the  study,  understanding  and  analysis  of  Ibero-American  cultural
identity through joint programmes and high-level institutions, giving  equal
attention  to the  humanities, the  arts and  the social sciences.  For that
purpose, there should also be  an increase in exchanges, forums and meetings
among artists, academics and social scientists.

39.   To ensure  the implementation  of approved  educational programmes and
projects, we  shall instruct the  national focal points to  prepare a status
report,  with  recommendations,  to be  presented  by  the  secretariat  pro
to the sixth Ibero-American Summit.  In carrying  out this task, cooperation
with the competent international bodies may be requested.

40.   We express  our gratitude  to His Excellency President  D. Carlos Saul
Menem and  through him  to the Government  and people of  Argentina for  the
warmth and kindness  extended to us  in San  Carlos de  Bariloche.  We  also
wish  to  express  our  special  appreciation  to  the  Ministry  of Foreign
Affairs,  International Trade  and Worship  of Argentina  for the  excellent
manner in which  it organized this  Summit and  for the  performance of  the
secretariat pro tempore of the fifth Ibero-American Summit.

41.  We invite all Heads of State and Government  to attend the sixth Ibero-
American Summit to be held in the Republic of Chile in 1996.


1.  We, the  Heads of State and  Government of the Ibero-American countries,
agree to give  the highest priority to building  on our common interests  in
order  to deepen  the sense  of  identity  of the  Ibero-American community,
strengthen the  development  of each  of  the  countries comprising  it  and
intensify  relations  with countries  belonging  to  other  geographical  or
cultural communities.

2.   The existence  of  a common  basis of  communication among  all of  the
Ibero-American  nations as  a  result  of  our use  of  two closely  related
languages,  Spanish  and  Portuguese,  as  well  as  our shared  historical,
cultural, moral and educational traditions, will  enable us, the members  of
the Ibero-American community,  to forge closer linkages among our  societies
on the threshold of  the twenty-first century.   This process will be  aided
by the technological advances which have overcome the obstacle of distance.

3.  We, the  Heads of State and  Government of the Ibero-American countries,
aware of the vital role of communications in furthering the progress of  our
peoples and  wishing to foster  development through processes that stimulate
the interrelationship  among our societies, agree  to give  high priority to
identifying  and implementing  cooperation programmes  which will  draw  the
citizens of our countries together by weaving  a common economic and  social
fabric.   In this connection, we hereby establish the  guiding principles of
the  Ibero-American  cooperation   activities  resulting  from  the   summit
meetings of the Ibero-American Conference.

4.   Cooperation  programmes should  serve  as  ideal operational  tools for
strengthening the Ibero-American  identity in  all of the member  countries.
Our  aim  is  to support  initiatives  that  mobilize  society  in  order to
generate   development  and  build  linkages  among  our   peoples.    These
programmes  shall  seek  to include  all  of  the member  countries  of  the

5.   Cooperation  is also  a manifestation  of  solidarity among  the Ibero-
American countries in dealing with common  problems; thus, by definition, it
involves  the  participation and  contributions  of  all of  the  countries,
taking their relative  levels of  development into account.   Implementation
and follow-up mechanisms should be based  on the specific programmes adopted
at the summit meetings.

6.  In view of the need to  facilitate Ibero-American cooperation, we  agree
to  establish  a network  of national  focal points  to screen  the projects
proposed for adoption  at our summit  meetings and a network  of cooperation
officials  to  identify  and  prepare  new  programmes  and  to  oversee the
operations of existing ones.

7.    The effectiveness  demonstrated  by  our  secretariat  pro tempore  in
preparing  for the  Ibero-American Summits  leads  us  to believe  that this
mechanism   would  be   equally  effective   in  organizing   Ibero-American
cooperation activities.

 8.  On the  understanding that the network of cooperation officials is  the
core structure for Ibero-American cooperation, we  agree to give the highest
priority  to consolidating  and strengthening  it, whether  by  establishing
appropriate   and  expeditious   procedures   or  by   providing   it   with
interconnected computer systems.

9.   To be eligible  for adoption at  these Ibero-American summit  meetings,
programmes  and  projects  involving  Ibero-American   cooperation  must  be
sponsored by  at least seven of our member countries and must be endorsed at
the meetings of cooperation officials and national focal points.

10.   We  Heads  of  State and  Government recognize  the importance  of the
financial  and/or  technical  resources  which our  countries  set  aside in
advance for  the adoption of cooperation  programmes and  projects of mutual
interest, since these resources bear  witness to the priority  given to such
initiatives and will ensure their successful completion.

11.   Cooperation  programmes  and  projects adopted  at the  Ibero-American
summit meetings shall be co-financed by  all of the participating countries.
The  proportions of the  contributions may  vary according to  the nature of
the activities  and the  economic capacity  of  the parties.   Each  country
shall  specify what  it  can afford  to  contribute  during  the process  of
selecting the programmes and projects.

12.  It will also  be possible to use outside  sources for the  financing of
cooperative  programmes  and  projects,  on  the  initiative  and  with  the
agreement  of  national  focal  points  and  cooperation  officials  and  in
accordance with the terms of the corresponding framework agreement.

13.   Participating  countries  will  also be  able, if  they so  decide, to
establish integrated trust funds for the  financing of their programmes  and
projects.   At the  time of the  creation of each  fund, its  amount and the
procedures  for  its  management  and  winding-up  will  be  established  in
accordance with  each country's legislation.   Each fund can  be set up,  at
the  initiative of one or  more States, for programmes and projects approved
at the summit meetings.

14.  We are  convinced that the types of  financing and the mechanisms which
we adopt, in accordance  with our national laws, will  be the best  ones for
strengthening   and  consolidating   Ibero-American  cooperation.      Those
countries which deem it necessary will be able  to provide for the  creation

of  a  specific  budget  line  to  facilitate  the  financing  of programmes
resulting from the summit meetings, without  prejudice to the possibility of
seeking resources  elsewhere for  the implementation  of approved  projects.
Any moves to establish common funds will be  welcome and there is no  reason
why,  at some  point in  the future,  there should  not be  initiatives  and
support for the creation of an Ibero-American cooperation fund.

15.   We therefore welcome the  signing of the  Agreement on Cooperation  in
the  Framework of  the Ibero-American  Conference,  which  will serve  as an
appropriate instrument for progress towards such goals.

 16.   Having received the  report of the  meeting of  national focal points
and  cooperation   officials  which   analyses  proposals  for   cooperation
programmes, projects and initiatives, we agree to the following:

  Of current  programmes,  we endorse  those  listed  below, for  which  the
participating  countries  will  determine  the  technical  and/or  financial
commitments entered into:

  -Ibero-American Educational Television programme

  -MUTIS programme

  -Adult literacy and basic education programme

  -  CYTED programme

  -  CIDEU programme

  -  Indigenous Peoples' Fund.

  Regarding  those programmes  approved at  previous summit  meetings  whose
implementation  has  not  yet begun,  we agree  to  call upon  the countries
concerned to  adapt  them to  the  cooperation  mechanisms adopted  at  this
summit meeting.

  We  also  accept  and  approve  the  following  programmes  and  projects,
including  those  supported  by  the  latest  Ibero-American  Conference  on
Education, in expectation  that they will be formulated fully and adapted to
the new cooperation mechanisms:

  (a)Programme of  support for  links between universities and  the business

  (b)Programme of  cooperation for  the development of  national systems  to
evaluate the quality of education

  (c)Ibero-American project for the promotion of reading

  (d)New lines of the MUTIS fellowship programme

  (e)IBERFOP  programme (Ibero-American  programme  for  cooperation in  the
joint design of vocational training systems)

  (f)IBERMADE  programme  (Ibero-American  programme for  the  retraining of
education administrators

  (g)Project for  the conversion of  military bases  into an  Ibero-American
teacher training centre

  (h)Project for exchanges of  experience in the  field of decentralization:
technology transfer and allocation of resources; direct application

   (i)Support for  the self-management process with  a view  to the creation
of agro-industries in Ibero-American communities

  (j)MISTRAL    programme   (exchange   programme   for   intermediate-level
university students)

  (k)IBERCAMPUS  programme  (inter-university  exchanges   of  students  and
lecturers during periods when academic calendars do not coincide)

  (l)IBERMEDIA programme (programme  to develop audiovisual capabilities  in
the Ibero-American countries)

  (m)IBERENCUENTROS  programme  (programme  of  Ibero-American  workshop  on
topics to be determined by cooperation officials during the current year).

  A  detailed description of  these programmes  is given in annex  A to this

  We  welcome the initiatives listed below, which have been presented by the
countries members of the Ibero-American Conference:

  (a)Establishment  of mechanisms for transfers of know-how and expertise in
the area of export development and promotion

  (b)Establishment of mechanisms for transfers of know-how  and expertise in
the agricultural sector

  (c)Creation of a visual archive of Ibero-American art

  (d)  Sustainable rural development of ecologically vulnerable areas

  (e)  PRIAS (Regional Plan for Investments in Environment and Health)

  (f)  CISCE (Ibero-American Export Credit Guarantee Company)

  (g)  Ibero-American cooperation mechanism with a permanent headquarters

  (h)FIICYT   (Ibero-American   Fund  for   Scientific   and   Technological

  (i)Ibero-American exhibition of plastic arts.  Biennial

  (j)  Public administration data management programme

  (k)CIJE (Ibero-American Confederation of Young Entrepreneurs)

  (l)  PRADJAL (Latin American and Caribbean Regional Programme for Youth)

  (m)Ibero-American exchanges of research workers

   (n)United  Nations  Educational,  Scientific  and  Cultural  Organization
(UNESCO)  participation  in  municipal   programmes  through  Ibero-American
Educational Television

  (o)Education and the creation of businesses for local development

  (p)Ibero-American network  of  excellence  in  public  administration  and
training of leaders

  (q)Improvement of coffee quality and decontamination

  (r)Model  programme  of  international   training  in  participatory   and
sustainable development

  (s)Bridges across Borders

  (t)Special education

  A detailed  description of these  programmes is given  in annex  B to this


17.   We  feel that  this wealth of  programmes and initiatives  is an ideal
channel for the development of the Ibero-American community.



Ibero-American  Educational  Television.   Approved  by  the  second  Ibero-
American Summit, it  is managed by  an association  of its users  (currently
250  associated  institutions),  with the  full  support  of  ministries  of
education   and   with   participation   from   the   major   Ibero-American
universities.  Regular daily  programming using the HISPASAT satellite began
with  one-hour  broadcasts  in  1993.  There  are now  two  hours  of  daily
programming for Ibero-America and one  for Spain and Portugal.   In addition
to meeting the objective of communication in  the educational field, it  has
helped to  encourage  the  co-production of  indigenous broadcasts.    Spain
undertook  to  finance   the  programme's   initial  phase   and  has   been
contributing some  300 million pesetas annually.  To ensure that the project
continues,  all Ibero-American  Governments must  provide stable  financing,
both  to  defray infrastructure  costs  and  to  fund  the co-production  of
audiovisual educational materials.  The cooperation officials' network  will
take a decision on this issue as soon as possible.

MUTIS  programme.    Approved  at the  second  Ibero-American  Summit,  this
programme provides support  for exchanges of post-graduate students in those
disciplines  of  greatest  importance  for  the  development  of  the Ibero-
American  community.    Since  1993,  Spain   has  been  providing  400  new
fellowships  annually,  many  of them  multi-year  fellowships.    In  1994,
Argentina and Mexico began similar programmes.

Adult literacy  and  basic education  programme.    Approved at  the  second
Ibero-American Summit, this programme, in the  areas where it is  operating,
seeks  to teach up  to 25 per cent  of illiterates to read  and write and to
raise  their basic educational level,  while at the same time providing them
with some kind of vocational training that will  give them genuine access to
the workforce.  Programmes began in  1993 in  El Salvador and  the Dominican
Republic,  thanks to a  cooperative effort  between the  Spanish Ministry of
Education and Science, the ministries of education of the  two countries and
the  organization  of  Ibero-American  States  for  Education,  Science  and
Culture.   The programme  has 3,350  literacy workers and,  to date,  33,000
people have been reached  under the programme in  El Salvador and  40,000 in
the Dominican Republic.  Paraguay has requested to join the programme.

/...  A/50/673


CYTED  programme.    Set  up  at  the  second  Ibero-American  Summit,  this
programme involves the  participation of nearly 8,000 university  scientists
and technologists, a research and development  centre and businesses in  140
thematic networks, research  projects and IBEROEKA innovation projects.   In
1995 a study group drew up an Agenda  2004 for the future development of the
programme.    This  will  require  the   21  countries  to  increase   their
contributions  to the programme  budget, an  issue to  which the cooperation
officials' network will devote its full attention.

CIDEU  (Ibero-American Centre  for Strategic  Urban Development)  Programme.
Set  up  at  the  second  and  third  Ibero-American  Summits,  CIDEU  began

operating  in  1993  and  currently  involves  33  cities  in  15 countries.
Agreements  have been  signed  with the  Spanish  International  Cooperation
Agency  and IDB.    As a  follow-up to  the conclusions  of the  1995 annual
meeting, civic  leaders  will receive  more  training  in the  planning  and
design  of social policies and a framework will be established for exchanges
of information  between mayors and  entrepreneurs, incorporating operational
information  about investment projects  in the  participating cities, with a
view to facilitating the creation of a  market for strategic urban  projects
in Ibero-America.

Indigenous Peoples' Fund  .  The agreement establishing the Fund was  signed
at the  second Ibero-American Summit  and ratified in  1995 by  more than 11
countries.  Its aim  is  to  set  up  a  support mechanism  for  sustainable
development processes among the indigenous peoples  of Latin America and the
Caribbean.  The structure  of the Fund was  formalized at the  first general
meeting held in May 1995.   It also provides a forum for the discussion  and
design  of indigenous development  policies agreed  upon by  all the parties
concerned:  indigenous  peoples and regional and extraregional  Governments.
The Fund will have its  own resource base, in the form of contributions from
the member countries.


(a)Programme of  support for  links  between universities  and the  business
community.   The  aim is:    to strengthen  links between  universities  and
businesses in  the region,  in response  to prevailing  social and  economic
circumstances,  and to  promote  scientific and  technological  research  in
order  to  further   the  modernization  process;   to  conduct  studies  on
curriculum design and/or major fields  of study and/or  specialized courses,
so as to  adapt them to changing production  patterns in areas where a  high
level of scientific know-how is required; and to design a compatible  system
for promoting  basic and  applied research  on scientific and  technological
development related to the production system.

(b)Programme  of cooperation  for the  development  of national  systems  to
evaluate the quality of education.   The aim is:  to prepare a database  for
use  in  evaluating quality,  with a  view to  identifying the  training and
technical assistance needs  and demands  of each country  in the region,  as
well  as any  programmes  in  specific  fields that  might  be generated  by
individual countries;  and to develop an  alternative system for  evaluating
the  quality   of  education,   bearing  in  mind  the   characteristics  of
IberoAmerican educational systems.   To this end, an attempt will be made to
train local  resources  to provide  backstopping  for  the establishment  of
evaluation systems that are consistent with the region's needs.

(c)Ibero-American project for the promotion of  reading.  This programme  is
designed to  promote cooperation among  the Ibero-American  countries with a
view  to executing  a  pilot project  whereby  institutions  responsible for
designing  educational policies,  especially ministries  of education, would
be provided  with the  necessary tools  to implement  policies for  updating
methods  of  teaching reading  and  writing.    It  would  also offer  these
entities effective mechanisms  for facilitating the  access of  teachers and
students to reading materials.
  (d)MUTIS.   New actions.   Expansion  of the current  programme along  the
following lines:  1. implementation of  joint doctoral programmes among  two
or  more Ibero-American  universities; 2.  exchanges,  for short  periods of
time,  of doctoral  candidates  who are  in  the  process  of writing  their

(e)IBERFOP.   Ibero-American programme  for cooperation  in the joint design
of vocational  training systems.   The  aim is  to design,  with the  active
participation of social agents, models for vocational training systems  that
are adapted to the  specific needs of each country,  in order to  develop an
Ibero-American  capability  in   this  area.    The  Spanish   International
Cooperation Agency  will  set up  and finance,  for a  two-year period,  the

technical unit responsible  for coordinating and developing this programme.

(f)IBERMADE.   Ibero-American  programme  for the  retraining  of  education
administrators.     The  programme  involves   the  training  of   education
administrators and future managers, with a  view to improving the management
and organization of  the agencies concerned,  in order to develop  an Ibero-
American  capability in this  field.   The Spanish International Cooperation
Agency will set up  and finance, for a five-year period, the technical  unit
responsible for coordinating and developing this programme.

(g)Project for  the  conversion  of military  bases into  an  Ibero-American
teacher training centre.   This is a  programme for converting the  physical
facilities previously used for military bases  in the Panama Canal Zone into
an Ibero-American  centre  of excellence  for  the  design and  planning  of
educational programmes.   It  will train  resources, teachers and  teachers'
aides  in order  to develop an  Ibero-American capability in  this field and
train future teaching staff.

(h)Ibero-American  project  for exchanges  of  experience  in the  field  of
decentralization:  technology  transfer and allocation of resources.  Direct
application.   The  aim is  to enable  all the  Ibero-American countries  to
share  their experiences  in the  area of  administrative  decentralization,
especially  with  regard  to the  management  of  resources  for  technology
transfer, both  in the  definition and formulation of  distribution policies
and in their management  and application by territorial  entity, in each  of
the sectors concerned.

(i)Support for the  self-management process with  a view to the  creation of
agroindustries  in  Ibero-American  communities.    The  aim is  to  provide
technical assistance  to Ibero-American  communities in  managing their  own
agroindustrial projects,  making use of  know-how acquired through  existing
experiments  as  to  the  different  types  of  social  and  entrepreneurial
organization  within   the  social  economy,  the  ultimate  goal  being  to
strengthen their  capacity for hiring,  negotiating, reaching agreement  and
fostering   community    participation,   through    the   application    of
organizational models for setting up pilot projects and technology  transfer
processes   designed   to  provide   entrepreneurial   training   to   these

 (j)MISTRAL.   This programme will support exchanges  by university students
taking  intermediate courses in  the first and  second cycles,  so that they
can receive part of their training at a university  in another IberoAmerican
country and be  given credit by their own  university for the  time spent on
the exchange programme.   Over the  medium term,  participating universities
will reach  agreements with universities  in other IberoAmerican  countries.
The Institute  of Ibero-American  Cooperation of  the Spanish  International
Cooperation Agency (AECI) will set up and finance,  for a three-year period,
the  technical  unit  responsible  for  coordinating  and  developing   this

(k)IBERCAMPUS.   This programme supports  exchanges by university  lecturers
and by  students who  are completing  degree programmes  or taking  graduate
courses,  during periods when  academic calendars  do not  coincide, so that
they can  work with host departments  in other Ibero-American  universities.
The  Institute  of  Ibero-American  Cooperation  of  AECI  will  set  up and
finance,  for  a  three-year  period,  the  technical unit  responsible  for
coordinating and developing this programme.

(l)IBERMEDIA.   This programme will support  the development of  audiovisual
capabilities   in  the  Ibero-American  countries  by  providing  continuous
training  for  professionals,  undertaking  co-productions,  supporting  the
distribution  and showing  of Ibero-American  films and  supporting  applied
research  projects.   The Institute  of Ibero-American  Cooperation of  AECI
will  set up  and  finance,  for  a  two-year  period,  the  technical  unit
responsible for coordinating and developing this programme.

(m)IBERENCUENTROS.    This  is  a framework  programme  which  will  promote
sectoral meetings for the exchange and sharing of experiences.  The idea  is
that these meetings might serve as  a starting-point for future  cooperation
programmes.  Each participating country will, in so  far as it is able, send
its  most  appropriate officials  to the  meetings,  and one  of the  member
countries will  act as secretariat  for the meeting.   During  the course of
this year,  the network of cooperation  officials will  determine what areas
of action are to be covered in 1996.



(a)Establishment  of mechanisms for  transfers of  know-how and expertise in
the area of export development and promotion

The  aim  is  to  establish  mechanisms  for  exchanges  of  information and
experience in those areas which countries see as offering  advantages and in
areas in where there has been successful penetration of new markets.

(b)Establishment of  mechanisms for transfers of  know-how and expertise  in
the agricultural sector

The  aim  is  to  establish  mechanisms  for  transfers  of  information and
expertise  from countries  that have  been  successful in  modernizing  this
sector  to those that  still need  to do  so, in  order to work  together to
solve the problems confronting agriculture in Ibero-America.

(c)Creation of a visual archive of Ibero-American art

The aim is to create a computerized archive  of Ibero-American art in  image
form,  starting  from  a  prototype  of   1,000  images  with  their  texts,
classified by country and historical period.

(d)Sustainable rural development of ecologically vulnerable areas

The object is  to help generate a self-sustaining development process in the
region's   ecologically  vulnerable   areas,  thereby   bringing   about  an
improvement in the quality of life of their populations.

(e)PRIAS (Regional Plan for Investments in Environment and Health)

The intention  is to  modernize environment- and  health-related sectors  in
order to tackle current deficiencies in  meeting the population's needs  and
improving its living conditions.

(f)CISCE (Ibero-American Export Credit Guarantee Company)

The proposal is to set up a support  mechanism for intraregional trade which
can offer the requisite diversity of policies  to cover the different  risks
involved in  international trade,  particularly credit-related  risks.   The
network of  cooperation officials will study  the possibility of  converting
this  initiative into a  programme within  the framework  of the Cooperation

 (g)Ibero-American cooperation mechanism with a permanent headquarters

The  proposal  is to  set up  an  international agency  responsible for  the
establishment and coordination of  a network permitting ongoing follow-up of
cooperation programmes.

(h)FIICYT   (Ibero-American   Fund   for    Scientific   and   Technological

The aim  is  to  set  up an  Ibero-American  fund  to promote  the  region's
scientific and technological  development by encouraging the use of research
and  training  centres,  the  generation   and  execution  of  research  and
development  projects,  contacts  among Ibero-American  scientists  and  the
building of an Ibero-American community of scientists and technologists.

(i)Ibero-American exhibition of plastic arts.  Biennial

The possibility  will be  considered of  mounting an  exhibition of  plastic
arts,  comprising works  from all the Ibero-American  countries, to coincide
with the  next Ibero-American  Summit.   The exhibition  would then  travel,
over the following two  years, to countries  that so requested and  defrayed
the related shipping costs.

(j)Public administration data management programme

Establishment of a standing forum on  public administration and problems  of

(k)CIAG (Ibero-American Confederation of Young Entrepreneurs)

The  Ibero-American  Confederation of  Young  Entrepreneurs  will  hold  its
second Ibero-American conference in Montevideo in 1996.

(l)PRADJAL (Latin American and Caribbean Regional Programme for Youth)

Creation  of  greater   opportunities  for  employment    ,  education   and
participation  of public  institutions in  youth questions and  promotion of
the health and social integration of young people.

(m)Ibero-American exchanges of research workers

Promotion, through  training, of human  resources of the quality  and in the
quantity  required  to  conduct  research  and  development  programmes  and
projects  in research centres  and exchanges  of experience  in the research

(n)UNESCO  participation  in  municipal  programmes  through  Ibero-American
Educational Television

In  the framework  of  Ibero-American Educational  Television,  UNESCO  will
support activities for the training of municipal leaders and managers.

 (o)Education and the creation of businesses for local development

The  aim  is to  contribute  to  local,  provincial and  regional  growth by
developing a  culture  which  will increase  production initiatives.    This
proposal  explores  the   notion  of   the  "business   process"  of   which
entrepreneurs, enterprises, universities, the State and industry  all form a

(p)Ibero-American  network  of  excellence   in  public  administration  and
training of leaders

Encouragement  will  be given  to  the  establishment of  an  Ibero-American
network of  excellence  in  public administration  and training  of  leaders
which will include the main training and research  centres in this area  and
will have  specific  offices for  conducting  activities  which need  to  be
coordinated  and  carried  out  at  a   specific  location.    The   Spanish
International  Cooperation Agency,  through its Institute  of Ibero-American
Cooperation, will  support the operational  organization of this  initiative
and its initial launching phase.

(q)Improvement of coffee quality and decontamination

The  aim  is  to  help  improve  the  quality  of  coffee  in a  context  of

sustainability and  environmental conservation  and thereby  to improve  the
quality of life both of the growers who participate directly in the  project
and of the  populations that use  the water  resources of  the river  basins
covered by the project.

(r)Model  programme   of   international  training   in  participatory   and
sustainable development

The  aim  is  to  manage  and   secure  the  integrated,  participatory  and
sustainable  development  of the  region while  creating  a living  regional
laboratory for research and training in self-managed development.

(s)Bridges across Borders

Implementation of a system of exchanges  of schoolchildren between the  ages
of 11 and  15 in their last year of  primary school and coming from  schools
named after an Ibero-American country or  a recognized Ibero-American leader
from the  past, in order  to help bring  children together and  get them  to
know each other better.

(t)Special education

The aim is to set up a regional programme for the education of children  and
young  people   with  problems   of  backwardness,   disability  and   other


The Governments of the States members of the Ibero-American Conference,


THE  DEVELOPMENT  achieved  through  cooperation  projects  and   programmes
implemented within  the  framework of  the  summit  meetings of  the  Ibero-
American Conference,

THE NEED to  establish an  institutional framework  to regulate  cooperation
within   the  framework  of  the  summit  meetings   of  the  Ibero-American
Conference,  in  order  to  enhance  the  value  of  the  existing political
dialogue and Ibero-American solidarity,

THE  APPROPRIATENESS of  setting  up cooperation  programmes  which  promote
citizen  participation in  the establishment  of a  more cohesive  economic,
social and cultural relationship among the Ibero-American nations,

THE  FACT THAT  THE COOPERATION  PROGRAMMES  of the  summit meetings  are  a
catalyst  for social progress and  an important factor for shaping an Ibero-
American identity,


Article 1.  For  the purposes of this  Agreement, the terms  "national focal
points", "secretariat  pro tempore",  "Coordinating Committee" and  "meeting
of cooperation officials"  shall mean the national focal points, secretariat
pro tempore, Coordinating Committee and  meeting of cooperation officials of
the Conference.

Article  2.  The  purpose of cooperation programmes  and projects within the
framework of the Ibero-American Conference shall be:

(a)   to  promote an  Ibero-American identity  through  joint action  in the
areas of education, culture, science and technology;

(b)  to strengthen participation by member States  in order to contribute to

greater and more effective  links between their societies  and to a sense of
Ibero-American identity among their populations;

(c)    to give  practical  expression  to the  concept  of  cooperation  for
development among the Ibero-American nations;

(d)    to  demonstrate  Ibero-American  solidarity  in  the  face  of common
problems affecting one group or all of the member States;

(e)   To promote the  creation of a  vehicle for Ibero-American  cooperation
through   school   and  university   exchange   programmes,  programmes   of
technological  training,  links  between  research  workers  and  any  other
initiatives  that  might   strengthen  the  capacity  for  shared   cultural
creativity, with particular emphasis on the mass media.

Article 3.   The  Ibero-American Conference  understands the  development of
its sphere of  cooperation as being specific  to the Ibero-American area and
in no  circumstances as superseding  existing bilateral and/or  multilateral

Article  4.   Each member  country shall  give notice  through its  national
focal point, of the  appointment of an official  to follow up all programmes
and projects adopted by the Ibero-American summit meetings.

  The meetings of cooperation officials shall be timed  to coincide with the
meeting  of  national   focal  points  of  the  Ibero-American   Conference.
Additional meetings may be scheduled at the request  of at least five member

Article  5.   Cooperation officials  may in  respect  of each  programme and
project  approved by  the Ibero-American  summit meetings  establish  a team
composed of  cooperation experts from the  member countries  involved in the
relevant programme  or project  to review and  provide an assessment  of the
cooperation programmes and projects entrusted to them for consideration.

Article  6.    The  member  countries  shall  strengthen  and  expand  their
cooperation within  the framework  of the summit  meetings, in  areas to  be
identified  at those meetings.  This will be done through the implementation
of  projects or  programmes of  relevance  to the  Ibero-American countries,
such  as scientific  exchanges, exchanges  of experience  and  publications,
technology transfer  and support  for human resources  training, which  will
help to ensure the optimum development of those countries.

Article  7.    Cooperation  within  the   framework  of  the  Ibero-American
Conference may be technical and/or financial.

Article 8.    States parties  may present  programmes  and  projects to  the
secretariat pro tempore by the deadline set by that secretariat.

  Such projects and programmes must satisfy the following conditions:

(a)  Their purpose  must be consistent with the programme guidelines of this

(b)  They  must have the  firm support of no less  than three Ibero-American
countries - the country  making the submission and two or more participating

(c)  They  must be of fixed duration  and the related budgetary  commitments
must be maintained for  a period of no  less than  three years to cover  any
delays  in start-up.   If  the project  is terminated before  the three-year
period is up, the relevant commitment will come to an end.

Article 9.  The  parties hereby adopt the operating handbook annexed to this
Agreement,  which may be  updated whenever  this is  considered necessary to
adapt it to the requirements of Ibero-American cooperation.

  Article  10.  Proposing and/or participating countries, which shall number
at least  three, shall, at the  time of submitting  a programme or  project,
enter into  a financial  and/or technical  commitment covering  part of  the
costs of its implementation, in accordance  with the internal procedures  of
each party. Countries joining later shall make a similar commitment.

  Proposing  countries  shall  send  the  corresponding  proposals  to   the
secretariat pro tempore for circulating among the other parties.

Article 11.   Once a project or programme  has been circulated and has  been
endorsed  by  at  least  seven  countries,   which  shall  enter  into   the
corresponding commitments  in accordance  with the  procedures mentioned  in
the  previous  article, it  shall  be  submitted  for  consideration to  the
cooperation officials, who, if  they see fit, shall  submit it for  approval
to the summit meeting, through the national focal points.

  Decisions on the  expansion of programmes  and projects shall be  taken by
the countries participating in them.

Article 12.   Once a programme  or project has  been approved by  consensus,
the meeting of cooperation officials  shall determine the measures necessary
to ensure follow-up of the implementation of the programme or project.

  Where this is considered necessary for  a given programme or  project, the
cooperation officials  may propose to the  meeting of  national focal points
that a  technical management unit be  established, answerable  to the member
States participating in that programme or project.

  The participating countries may, jointly with the Coordinating  Committee,
periodically evaluate ongoing  programmes and  projects in  order to  report
thereon  to the  cooperation  officials and  determine  whether  they remain
relevant and valid.

Article 13.    Programmes and  projects  submitted  in accordance  with  the
provisions of  article 8,  provided with  adequate funding  and approved  in
accordance with established procedures shall be formalized through  specific
agreements establishing the  objectives, degrees of participation and  forms
of contribution of each participating country,  based on its relative  level
of development.

  In  order  to  cover  the  total   costs  of  the  projected   activities,
arrangements  may   be  made,  jointly  or  separately,  for  obtaining  the
necessary resources  from both domestic and  other sources  of technical and
financial cooperation.

  Those  countries  that  so  decide,  in  accordance  with  their  domestic
legislation  and provisions,  may  agree to  establish alternative  forms of
funding, for example, trust funds or common funds, among others.

Article 14.  This  Agreement is subject to ratification.  The Government  of
the  Argentine  Republic shall  be  the  depositary  of  the instruments  of

Article 15.   This Agreement shall  enter into  force on  the thirtieth  day
from the date on which the seventh instrument of ratification is deposited.
    For each State that ratifies the  Agreement after the seventh instrument
of ratification has been deposited, the  Agreement shall enter into force on
the thirtieth day from  the date on which that State deposits its instrument
of ratification.

Article 16.   This Agreement may be  modified or amended  on the proposal of
at  least  five  of  the   parties.    Proposals  for  amendments  shall  be
communicated by the secretariat pro tempore to the other parties.

  Once approved by consensus, amendments shall enter into force on the  date
on  which they are  accepted by  a majority of  the parties by  means of the

deposit of the relevant  instrument of acceptance.   For all other  parties,
they shall apply  from the date on which  such parties deposit the  relevant
instrument of acceptance in the manner indicated in this article.

Article 17.   This  Agreement shall  be of  indefinite duration  and may  be
denounced by any  of the parties  by means  of written  notification to  the
depositary.  Such denunciation  shall take effect one year after the date on
which notification is received by the depositary.

Article 18.   The partial  or total amendment  of this Agreement,  including
its  termination  of  denunciation,  shall  not,  unless the  parties  agree
otherwise, affect ongoing programmes and projects.

Article  19.    Questions  of  interpretation  of  this  Agreement  shall be
considered  by  the  meeting  of  cooperation  officials  and  resolved,  by
consensus, by the meeting of national focal points.

  SIGNED  at the fifth  summit meeting  of the  Ibero-American Conference in
the city of San Carlos de Bariloche, Argentina, on 15 October 1995.

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  We, the Heads of State and Government of Ibero-America:

  1.    Reaffirm  that  democracy  and respect  for  the  human  rights  and
fundamental freedoms  of the individual constitute  the basic  values of the
peoples of Ibero-America; and

  2.   Anxious to establish closer  relations with  other culturally related
geographical areas,  consider that  the fortuitous  circumstance that  Spain
currently  occupies  the Presidency  of  the  Council  of  Ministers of  the
European Union  has been instrumental in  giving fresh  impetus to relations
between  Latin America  and Europe.   Evidence  of  that development  is the
agreement reached in Montevideo, Uruguay, on  29 September 1995 between  the
European Union and the countries members of the Southern Cone Common  Market
(MERCOSUR) to conclude  a framework agreement for interregional  cooperation
at the  council meeting in  Madrid in December of this year,  as well as the
talks   begun  with  Chile   and  Mexico   aimed  at   producing  agreements
strengthening  economic, trade  and  political relations  and  the  dialogue
recently opened with Cuba.

  3.  At the same time, we wish  to assert our interest in  continuing, with
the support  of Spain  and Portugal,  the dialogue  established between  the
European Union and  the Rio Group,  the Andean Pact  and also  the San  Jose
talks with Central America.

  4.    In  the  strong  belief that  concrete,  broad  strategies  must  be
developed and  applied to fight corruption,  we reiterate  our commitment to
adopt  cooperation mechanisms  to combat  that criminal activity  because it
weakens the democratic  system, undermines the  prestige of its institutions
and constitutes  an agent  of social  disintegration and  distortion of  the
economic system.

  5.   We reaffirm our  unwavering commitment to  continue the fight against
drug consumption,  production and  illicit trafficking  and related  crimes.
We firmly  believe that unless we  win that battle,  our societies in  Latin
America and our  democracies will be placed  in jeopardy.  Consequently,  it
is  essential  that  we  find  a  comprehensive  solution  to  the  problem,
encompassing  the  social  and  economic aspects,  and  commit  ourselves by
mutual agreement  to bring about a  significant and verifiable  drop in drug
use and a substantial  reduction in supply.  We further consider that strong
measures   must   be   taken   against   moneylaundering,   the  distributor
organizations,  traffic  in weapons  and  illicit  trafficking  in  chemical
precursors.  To  that end, we  urge the developed drugconsumer  countries to
take  steps to  combat  the  laundering  of drug  money  in their  financial
markets.  Furthermore, we reaffirm our support for  the convening of a world
conference  to  combat  narcotic  drugs and  shall  instruct  our  Permanent
Representatives to  the United  Nations to  coordinate appropriate  measures
for holding the conference  under the aegis of  the United Nations  in order

to achieve the desired results.

  We  also  confirm  our  support  for  the  drafting  of  an inter-American
convention against  money-laundering and pledge  ourselves to work  together
in   order  to  get   the  major   consumer  countries   to  shoulder  their
responsibility  for resolving  the  problem with  greater  transparency  and

  6.   We reiterate our condemnation of  terrorism in all  its forms and our
commitment jointly  and  determinedly to  combat  by  all legal  means  that
scourge which violates human rights.

  7.  We  profoundly deplore all  nuclear testing,  in particular the  tests
recently conducted  in the  Pacific Ocean.   Any  such test  is a  potential
danger to health, security and the environment.  We call upon  all States to
discontinue nuclear tests.

  We  urge all countries to  sign a comprehensive  test-ban treaty not later
than June 1996.  Pending  its entry into force, we encourage them to respect
the  precautionary principle  stated in  the Rio  Declaration on Environment
and Development,  as well as the pledge of the nuclear States to comply with
the principles  and goals approved at the Review and Extension Conference of
the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons.

  8.   Consistent with  the principles  established in  the  Charter of  the
United  Nations, by the  World Trade  Organization and  in international law
and with the resolutions of the General Assembly  of the United Nations,  we
reject all  unilateral coercive measures that  affect the  well-being of the
peoples  of Ibero-America,  impede  free trade  and  universally  recognized
transparent  trade  practices   and  violate  the  principles  of   regional
coexistence and the sovereignty of States.

  At  the moment, we  are especially  concerned about  the normative changes
being  discussed in the  Congress of  the United States,  because they would
takeusin adirection contrarytothoseprinciples, withwhich weurge compliance.

  9.    In  the context  of  the  common  interests  of  the  Ibero-American
community, we welcome  the proposal of the Republic  of Panama to convene  a
universal congress on the  Panama Canal in 1997  to consider the  process of
transferring   the   interoceanic  waterway   in   1999   and   its   future

  10.    We  wish  to  express  our  gratification  that the  Fund  for  the
Development  of the Indigenous  Peoples of  Latin America  and the Caribbean
held its first general meeting  at Santa Cruz de la  Sierra, Bolivia, in May
1995  and that  it  was  followed by  round-table talks  aimed at  an agreed
schedule   of  development  projects,  thus   demonstrating  the  importance
attributed to  that Ibero-American  Summit cooperation  programme, which  is
supported  by  funds  from the  Inter-American  Development  Bank  and other
sizeable contributions.

  We  reaffirm the intention  of our countries  to support  the Fund through
our  institutions and resources and to  keep the item  on the agenda so that
we may consider other proposals for  promoting the legitimate aspirations of
indigenous peoples.

  We wish  once more  to stress  how important it  is for  all countries  to
ratify the agreement constituting the Fund.

   11.   We are very pleased by the resolution adopted by the United Nations
General Assembly on 12  July last whereby  it decided to proclaim the  World
Week of Peace, beginning on 24 October 1995, in solemn commemoration of  the
fiftieth  anniversary  of the  United  Nations.    In  conformity with  that
important  resolution,  we  are  prepared  to  give  maximum  publicity  and
assistance  to the  launching  of the  proclamation, which  will undoubtedly
enhance the  prospects for  inaugurating a  period of universal  peace.   We

place special emphasis on the need  to promote a culture of  peace in Ibero-
America that honours the values of dialogue and understanding.

  12.    In  view   of  the  progress   and  successes  of  the  peace   and
reconciliation process in Guatemala, we have  decided to support the efforts
of that  Government and we urge the parties to strive for a firm and lasting
peace.   Furthermore, we  urge the  United Nations, the Group  of Friends of
the Guatemalan peace process and especially  the Ibero-American community to
continue to encourage them to expedite the negotiations  so as to achieve  a
final peace agreement as soon as possible.

  13.  Considering that  this fifth Ibero-American Summit is being held only
a few  days prior  to the  celebration of  the fiftieth  anniversary of  the
United  Nations, we wish to reiterate our strong  support for the principles
and purposes that inspired the creation of the Organization and we  solemnly
pledge to support it  in its irreplaceable  role as the forum of  preference
for dialogue and concerted action between  the Ibero-American countries  and
the rest of the international community.

  14.   We should like  to draw attention  to the  importance of  the annual
meeting  of human  rights ombudsmen,  commissioners  and counsels  of Ibero-
America that was held in Cartagena on 4 and 5 August 1995.

  In that connection, we value the  important role played by the institution
of human  rights  ombudsmen and  counsels,  in  those countries  where  they
exist,  in defending  fundamental rights  and guarantees  and  consolidating

  15.   As  we said  at the  Salvador de  Bahia (1993) and  Cartagena (1994)
summit meetings, we shall continue to support  the efforts of the Secretary-
General  of the United Nations  to reach a just,  global and internationally
acceptable solution to  the question of East Timor  in the framework of  the
norms and principles of international law.

  16.  We  believe that the  development and  quality of human  settlements,
housing,  basic infrastructure  and the  environment should  be regarded  as
priority aspects of the  economic and social policies of our countries.  For
that  purpose,  resources  will  be  provided  to  meet  the  needs  of  the
population, particularly the  most impoverished and vulnerable segments,  by
applying  a strategy  calling  for  concentration  of  efforts  by  central,
regional and local governments and private and community initiatives.

  17.  We welcome  and support the position  adopted by the Central American
Presidents  meeting  at  Costa del  Sol,  El Salvador,  on  5 October  1995,
whereby they reiterated their commitment to  continue to improve the Central
American  educational system and  their intention to eradicate illiteracy by
the  year  2000.   The  Presidents  accorded  the  highest  priority  to the
literacy  project  in   the  context   of  the   Alliance  for   Sustainable

  We  also reaffirm  our support  for  the efforts  of the  Central American
countries  to adopt a  literacy primer  promoting the  spirit, unity, values
and identity  of their region  within the  broader framework  of the  Ibero-
American community.

  18.   We wish  to express  our support  for the  selection (to be  made at
UNESCO headquarters  on 20 November  1995) of South  America as  the site in
the southern  hemisphere for installing  an extensive  detection system  for
the  "AUGER" project  to investigate  emission sources  of  very-high-energy
cosmic  rays, a subject  of great  interest to  the international scientific

  19.  We appreciate the initiative taken  by the Latin American  Parliament
to establish a Latin American community of nations.

  To  that  end,  we, the  leaders  of Latin  America,  are instructing  our

foreign   ministers  to   establish  a   high-level  committee   which,   in
collaboration with the  Latin American Parliament,  will propose a timetable
and set in motion  the studies necessary for  the constitution of  the Latin
American community  of nations and define  its relationship  with the Ibero-
American community.

  20.   We wish to draw particular attention to the  importance of the draft
Ibero-American  social  security  code  presented  to  this  Summit  by  the
ministers and other  officials responsible for social security matters,  and
to the very important goals and objectives it embodies.

  21.  We support  the efforts of the  Food and Agriculture  Organization of
the United  Nations  (FAO) to  implement  its  programmes and  policies,  in
particular with  regard to food security.   We endorse  the proposal by  the
Director-General of FAO to convene a World Food  Summit in November 1996 and
call upon  all financial institutions,  international governmental and  non-
governmental  organizations  and   the  private  sector  to  support   those

  22.  The  holding in 1998 of  the Lisbon World  Exposition, "EXPO  98", on
the theme of the oceans as our heritage for the future  is an event of great
interest  to  our  community  because  it   promises  to  offer  a   clearer
understanding  of  the   proper  management  of  water  resources  and   the
protection of the environment.

  23.   We  have  welcomed the  recommendations  of the  tenth  congress  of
associations  of Academies of the  Spanish Language, held at Madrid in 1994.
We  shall encourage the  implementation in Spanish-speaking countries to the
extent possible of the proposals contained in the annex.

  24.   We  were  gratified by  the  first  meeting  of  the  Ibero-American
Ministers and Secretaries  of State recently held  in Santiago.  We  endorse
the joint  declaration adopted at that meeting and urge the consolidation of
this important forum for dialogue and reflection.

   25.   We  attach particular  importance  to  the recommendations  of  the
technical  meeting  on the  strengthening of  mechanisms  for follow-up  and
evaluation  of the  targets for children  of the Narino  Commitment, held in
the city of Antigua, Guatemala, from 16 to  18 October 1995.  In the context
of sustainable development, we assume responsibility for according  priority
to economic and social policy measures that will benefit children.

  26.     Within  the   Ibero-American  community,   we  shall  promote  the
dissemination of the  Spanish language in Portuguese-speaking countries  and
the Portuguese language in Spanish-speaking countries.

  27.    We  are  following  with  interest  the  evolution  of  the  policy
initiative to  establish a community  of Portuguese-speaking  countries.  We
look forward  to establishing a  dialogue and  fruitful cooperation  between
the Ibero-American region and that community.

  28.   We reiterate  our support  for the Regional Plan  for Investments in
Environment and  Health adopted  at the  second  Ibero-American Summit,  and
request the Pan American Health Organization  to continue to accord priority
to activities to implement the Plan.

  29.   We  are gratified  by he  progress  being  made in  implementing the
Regional Programme for Youth (PRADJAL), the  execution of which we entrusted
to  the Ibero-American  Youth Organization  of  the Organization  of  Ibero-
American States for Education, Science and  Culture, within the framework of
the 1994  Cartagena Summit.   We  are confident  that the attainment  of the
objectives set out in  the programme of action will go far towards  creating
greater  opportunities  for   young  people  with  respect  to   employment,
education, participation,  health and social  integration, and we  therefore
reiterate our pledge to  lend the full support of our Governments to  ensure
the success of the programme.

  30.  We reaffirm our support  for the development of the  Bolivar plan for
integration,  innovation   and  industrial  competitiveness   and  we   urge
entrepreneurs to  work together  to forge  closer industrial,  technological
and  scientific  cooperation   between  the  private  sector  and   research

  31.  We are  gratified to note the  significant contribution being made to
cultural  development  in  the  Ibero-American  region  by  the  Periolibros
project,  which  is being  executed  by UNESCO  and  the  Fund  for Economic
Culture; the project is an example  of integration and cooperation involving
the communications media, public institutions and private companies.

  32.   We  consider  it  relevant and  useful  to continue  to examine  the
possibility of setting up an Ibero-American  computer network to establish a
computer link among the countries of Ibero-America.

  33.   We appreciate  the efforts  under way  to establish  and launch  the
Ibero-American social security systems data  bank.  A draft  project to that
effect   has  been   worked  out  by  the   Ibero-American  Social  Security
Organization (OISS), and we encourage that it be further developed.

  34.   We are pleased to note  the establishment in  Canada on 14 September
1995 of  a Chair  of Ibero-American  Studies as  part of the  Ibero-American
languages and cultures  programme, an innovative and forwardlooking  example
of cooperation between the private sector,  an academic institution and  the
Ibero-American countries to further common goals.

  35.  We note the follow-up  report submitted by Spain on the status of the
Ibero-American  Export Credit  Guarantee Company.    We are  in favour  of a
having a consulting firm prepare a specialized study on the subject.

  36.  On this twentieth anniversary of the Latin American Economic  System,
we wish to point  out the important role  of this organization  in promoting
consultations and concerted action  on matters of interest to the region and
its contribution to cooperation within and outside the region.

  37.  With a  view to undertaking coordinated action in the  Ibero-American
community  to  deal  with  unemployment  arising  from  migratory  flows  of
unemployed workers among the countries of the community  as a result of  the
increase  in their  respective unemployment  rates,  we  Heads of  State and
Government  agree to accord  special attention to  the matter  in the agenda
for the sixth IberoAmerican Summit.

  38.    Bearing  in mind  the  need to  modernize  and harmonize  practices
relating to  asylum,  we  Heads  of State  and  Government have  decided  to
recommend  that the  Coordinating  Committee of  the  Ibero-American  Summit
should convene an Ibero-American meeting on asylum with  a view to examining
and, if necessary, updating legislation on the subject.

  To  that  end,  the  Committee might  wish  to request  the  assistance of
whatever   international  technical   and   financial  agencies   it   deems

  39.  We  attach importance to the  preparation by our educational  systems
of  social  action plans  for the  prevention  of acquired  immunodeficiency
syndrome (AIDS)  involving all segments of  society from  the nuclear family
to  the workplace and the individual.

  40.   Subject  to commitments  assumed  previously,  we shall  support the
candidature of  Portugal as  a non-permanent  member of  the United  Nations
Security Council for the period 1997-1998.

  41.  In the  elections to be  held in November 1995 in  Jakarta, Indonesia
and   subject  to  commitments  assumed  previously  we  shall  support  the
candidature of Madrid to  serve as host of the United Nations Convention  on
Biological Diversity.



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