United Nations

A/50/575/Add.1


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

17 November 1995

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 43


COOPERATION BETWEEN THE UNITED NATIONS AND THE ORGANIZATION
OF AFRICAN UNITY

Report of the Secretary-General

Addendum


CONTENTS

  Paragraphs  Page

I.  INTRODUCTION ..........................................1 - 42

II.  ORGANIZATIONAL MATTERS ................................5 - 62

  A.  Participation ..................................... 52

  B.  Agenda ............................................ 63

III.  CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS .......................7 - 484

  A.  Peace, security and democracy .....................8 - 154

  B.  Economic and social questions .....................16 - 485












95-36210 (E)  281195/...
*9536210*
I.  INTRODUCTION

1.   The tenth  annual  meeting on  cooperation between  the United  Nations
system  and  the  Organization  of  African  Unity  (OAU)  was  held at  the
Headquarters of  the Economic  Commission for  Africa (ECA)  in Addis  Ababa
from  6 to  10  November  1995. The  meeting was  co-chaired by  Mr. Lansana
Kouyate,  United Nations Assistant Secretary-General  for Political Affairs,
and  Mr.  Vijay   Makhan,  OAU  Assistant  Secretary-General  for   Economic
Development and Cooperation.

2.   In his opening  statement, Mr. Salim Ahmed  Salim, Secretary-General of
OAU, noted the deep-rooted and special relations between OAU and the  United
Nations  system  and stressed  that  the  meeting  should  indicate ways  of
revitalizing such cooperation and avoiding duplication  of efforts.  He said
that the new  realities and challenges  that have  emerged in Africa  should
enhance  the cooperation  between the  two  organizations  and make  it more
action-oriented.

3.   For his  part, the  Executive Secretary  of ECA  noted the  initiatives
taken by the United Nations  system to reinforce its  commitment to Africa's
development, notably  the special initiative on  Africa.   He underlined the
usefulness  of  renewal  and  reform  to  improve  Africa's   socio-economic
development  and stressed that  the meeting  should help  build an effective
partnership to serve Africa.

4.   The Assistant  Secretary-General for  Political Affairs  said that  the
link between  peace,  democracy  and  development, as  demonstrated  in  the
Secretary-General's  report entitled  "An  Agenda for  Peace",  showed  that
peace was  a prerequisite  for development.   Internal  conflicts and  civil
strife in Africa  continued to pose  serious problems to regional  peace and
security and to undermine development  efforts.  Since OAU had established a
mechanism for conflict prevention and  management, the two organizations had
cooperated to promote preventive diplomacy as an instrument for  peace.  The
meeting would  provide a  good opportunity  for defining  the modalities  of
cooperation  between  the  United  Nations  and OAU  in  peace-building  and
conflict prevention, management and resolution. 


II.  ORGANIZATIONAL MATTERS

A.  Participation

5.  The meeting was attended by the following organizations and bodies:

  Organization of African Unity (OAU)
  United Nations Secretariat
  Economic Commission for Africa (ECA)
  United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
  United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
  United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
  United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
  United Nations International Drug Control Programme (UNDCP)
  World Food Programme (WFP)
  United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (Habitat)
  Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
  International Labour Organization (ILO)
  Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
  United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
  World Health Organization (WHO)
  World Bank/International Finance Corporation
  International Monetary Fund (IMF)
  Universal Postal Union (UPU)
  World Meteorological Organization (WMO)
  United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)


B.  Agenda

6.  The agenda of the meeting was as follows:

  A.  Review of the cooperation between the United Nations and OAU.

  B.  Peace, security and democracy:

    1.  Prevention and management of conflicts;

      2.  Democratic transition in Africa.

  C.  Economic and social questions:

      1.Report on the implementation of the Treaty  Establishing the African
Economic Community;

      2.Report on the extraordinary session of  the Council of Ministers  of
OAU held at Cairo on 27 and 28 March 1995;

    3.United Nations System-wide Special Initiative for Africa;

    4.Report on the implementation of the United Nations New Agenda for  the
Development of Africa in the 1990s;

    5.Implementation of Agenda 21;

      6.Human resources;

    7.  Refugees, returnees and displaced persons;

       8.  Situation of the African child;

    9.  Population and development;

    10.Women and development;

    11.Second Industrial Development Decade for Africa;

    12.  Second Transport and Communications Decade in Africa.


III.  CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

7.  The meeting adopted the following conclusions and recommendations:


A.  Peace, security and democracy

8.  The Organization of African Unity and  the United Nations recognize  the
importance of developing and maintaining a  culture of peace, tolerance  and
harmonious relationships so as to contribute  to the prevention of conflicts
and wars  in Africa.  To  this end, they  will strengthen  and broaden their
cooperation in measures to prevent and resolve conflicts in Africa.


1.  Prevention and management of conflicts

9.   The OAU  Mechanism for  Conflict Prevention,  Management and Resolution
has recently upgraded its automated information capability  and is currently
developing a database to  assist with early warning.  With this capacity  in
place,  the United Nations was  requested to assist OAU in the establishment
of an early-warning or  alert system as well as a "situation centre" similar
to that of the United Nations.   The support to OAU could be in the form  of
technical assistance  and training  of personnel,  including staff  exchange
programmes,  designed  to enhance  its capability  to  collect, analyse  and
disseminate  information,  as well  as  to  monitor  and  keep abreast  with
political developments and  potential conflict  situations in  Africa.   OAU

and  the  United  Nations  should  also   cooperate  in  the  exchange   and
coordination of information between their respective early-warning  systems,
with a view to preventing or minimizing duplication.   It was proposed  that
a coordinating  mechanism should be established  between OAU  and the United
Nations system to follow up on this initiative.

10.   When the need arises,  joint OAU-United  Nations fact-finding missions
should be mounted and their tasks should  include assessment of existing and
potential conflicts  as well as  mediation.  For  this purpose,  it would be
necessary to  identify and establish  a common list  of eminent persons  who
could be fielded for such assignments.

11.   While acknowledging the primary  responsibility of  the United Nations
for  peace-keeping, it  was recommended  that the  two organizations  should
establish common guidelines and rules of  engagement for joint operations in
Africa where  necessary, with a view  to facilitating  and strengthening the
participation of  OAU in such matters.   In this  regard, OAU has  envisaged
the establishment of  peacemaking contingents and the limited deployment  of
observers which would require logistical support from the United Nations.

12.  The United Nations was requested to  collaborate more closely with  OAU
in the  latter's  peacemaking initiatives  in Africa  and to  assist in  the
mobilization  of   financial  and  logistical   support  for  specific   OAU
peacemaking activities. The United Nations was  also requested to assist OAU
in strengthening the institutional  and operational capacity of its Conflict
Management   Division   through  human   resources   development,   research
activities, public awareness and sensitization campaigns.

13.  In the context  of post-conflict peace-building, the United Nations and
OAU   should  collaborate   in  identifying,   designing  and   implementing
programmes of rehabilitation and  reconstruction, as well  as programmes  to
address the  needs of  refugees, returnees,  displaced persons,  demobilized
combatants and others affected by conflict.


2.  Democratic transition in Africa

14.    The Organization  of  African Unity  and  the United  Nations  should
cooperate in promoting education for democracy,  human rights and freedom by
jointly  organizing  seminars,  workshops  and  symposia,  with  a  view  to
sensitizing  policy  makers, the  general  public  and  national  democratic
institutions  to the  values, principles  and  practices  of democracy.   In
order  to consolidate the  culture of  democracy, freedom  and human rights,
the United  Nations and  OAU should  jointly mobilize  resources to  support
democratization.

15.   The United Nations was requested  to support the OAU electoral unit in
enhancing its institutional capacity for assisting countries, upon  request,
in their  electoral processes.  In  this context,  both organizations should
cooperate  in  such  areas  as  the  provision  of  logistics,  exchange  of
information, joint  assessment of  the election  exercise and other  related
activities.  The two organizations should  also develop common criteria  for
the verification of electoral processes and  for debriefing and issuance  of
statements relating to electoral processes.


B.  Economic and social questions

             1.  Implementation of the Treaty Establishing the African
                 Economic Community

16.  The United Nations  organizations and bodies should  cooperate with OAU
in preparing papers on key policy and  sectoral issues for consideration  by
the  first session  of the  Economic and  Social Commission  of  the African
Economic  Community.   They were  also requested  to cooperate  with OAU  in
strengthening the institutional, analytical and operational capacity of  the

regional  economic communities  and in  formulating specific  programmes  to
that end.   Furthermore, they were  requested to cooperate  with OAU in  the
preparation of protocols on various aspects  of the Treaty Establishing  the
African  Economic  Community  and  in  the  review   of  existing  protocols
(including those on the regional economic  communities) and in the  drafting
of new protocols.

17.   The meeting  stressed the  need to  mount an  effective and  sustained
publicity campaign  for  the Treaty  throughout  Africa  and called  on  all
United Nations organizations and bodies to cooperate with OAU in drawing  up
strategies and plans to  that end.  The strategies  and plans should have in
focus the different  target groups  in African  societies, including  policy
makers,   professional   associations,   the    private   sector,   workers,
universities,  youth, the  media, etc.,  that  should  be fully  involved as
champions and promoters.  The United  Nations organizations and bodies  were
requested  to  include  in  their  programmes  for  African countries  those
aspects of the Treaty that would generate interest and sensitize people.

18.    The urgent  need  to  strengthen  the  institutional, analytical  and
operational capacity of  the OAU secretariat to enable  it to cope with  its
additional  responsibilities   was  stressed.     Work  on  the   structural
reorganization of  OAU must be accelerated  and completed  early, in keeping
with the requirements of the implementation  process of the African Economic
Community.  The United Nations organizations  and bodies should support  and
assist  OAU so as to facilitate an expeditious  and successful completion of
the task.


2.  Extraordinary session of the Council of Ministers of OAU
    (Cairo, 27 and 28 March 1995)                          

19.   It was noted  that the  implementation of the Cairo  Agenda for Action
for relaunching  Africa's economic  and social  development, adopted by  the
Council of Ministers of  OAU at its extraordinary  session of March 1995 and
by  the  Assembly of  Heads  of  State  and Government  at  its thirty-first
session (AHG/Res.236  (XXXI)), was largely the  responsibility of States  at
the national  level.   However, OAU  was asked  to encourage its  members to
ensure  consistency between the  Cairo Agenda  and national  policies and to
make  the  Agenda the  basis  for  negotiations with  multilateral financial
institutions, United Nations  organizations and  other development  partners
for economic  reform and development programmes.   The specialized  agencies
were requested  to  provide support  for  the  implementation of  the  Cairo
Agenda in their areas of competence.

20.   In  order  to  maximize the  potential  of the  joint  ECA/OAU/African
Development  Bank (ADB)  secretariat in  support  of  the Cairo  Agenda, the
meeting stressed the need to put in place clear systems and procedures  that
would facilitate  the task of  the joint  secretariat, including delineation
of   functions  and  responsibilities,  adoption  of  a   work  plan,  joint
programming and coordination of activities, etc.

21.  United Nations  system-wide support was requested  to assist OAU in the
preparation   of  the  African   common  position   on  food   security  and
agricultural development  for the World  Food Summit to  be convened by  FAO
from 13 to 17 November 1996.


                 3.  United Nations System-wide Special Initiative
                     for Africa

22.   The United  Nations Secretary-General's  Special Initiative for Africa
was reviewed  by the  Administrative Committee  on  Coordination in  October
1995,  and  it was  decided  that  the  United  Nations System-wide  Special
Initiative for Africa would  be launched in early 1996.  The Initiative will
also contain  a programme  on water supply  and sanitation and  one on  food
security.   The United Nations  system should contribute to  the campaign to

launch the Initiative by mobilizing political commitment and support.

23.   ECA  should  elaborate and  forward  to  OAU  an information  document
regarding the  Initiative for  the information of  the meetings  of the  OAU
Council of Ministers  and Assembly of Heads of  State and Government, to  be
held in  February and June  1996, respectively.   A workshop  should also be
organized  by  ECA  to  inform  and  sensitize  OAU  member States  to  this
Initiative.


                 4.  United Nations New Agenda for the Development
                     of Africa in the 1990s

24.  The United Nations system and OAU should undertake a sensitization  and
information campaign  with a  view to  increasing the  awareness of  African
leaders  and  decision makers  of  the United  Nations  New Agenda  for  the
Development of Africa in the 1990s.  OAU should actively participate in  the
follow-up and monitoring of the implementation  of the New Agenda, including
in the conduct of the mid-term review of its implementation in 1996.

25.  OAU, the  United Nations Conference on Trade and Development  (UNCTAD),
the World  Trade Organization,  UNIDO and  ECA should  organize seminars  to
sensitize   the   African  business   community,   chambers   of   commerce,
manufacturers associations and senior trade officials  on the details of the
Uruguay Round.  OAU  and UNCTAD should also  organize a seminar on commodity
price risk management to familiarize senior  trade officials with techniques
of commodity risk management.


5.  Implementation of Agenda 21

26.   The United  Nations organizations were  requested to  support the  OAU
Conference on  Agenda 21  (to be preceded  by preparatory activities  at the
national and subregional levels) and its public awareness  seminar/workshops
on  trade and  environment.   They  were also  requested  to assist  OAU  in
sensitizing  African countries  on the  need  to  ratify the  conventions on
desertification, biological diversity and climate change.

27.  UNIDO, ECA, ADB, UNEP and other  relevant organizations or bodies  were
requested to  intensify their assistance  to African  countries in  carrying
out environmental  impact assessments  of industrial investment  programmes.
UNHCR,  UNEP and other relevant  bodies were asked to  assist host countries
to carry out environmental impact assessments  of refugee situations and  to
design  and  implement programmes  to  address  any  adverse  impact on  the
environment.

28.   The relevant  United Nations  organizations were  requested to support
education and  training programmes  targeted on the  youth in  the areas  of
environmental protection, human settlements,  disaster management, capacity-
building etc., and  to sponsor the participation  of African youth at forums
dealing with  those  issues.    They  were  also requested  to  support  OAU
regional  institutions   dealing  with   research  on   African  traditional
medicines and medicinal plants.


6.  Human resources

29.   The meeting  emphasized the  need for designing and  promoting a human
resources development and training package, including policy programmes  and
implementation strategy  as well  as monitoring  and evaluation  mechanisms,
and called upon  the United Nations  organizations to cooperate with  OAU in
assisting African countries in restructuring their educational curricula  to
make  them more relevant  to their development  needs and  exploiting to the
fullest  the  available  programmes  developed  within  the  United  Nations
system;  promoting   free  and  compulsory   education  for  all   children,
especially girls  and young women; and  promoting peace  and civic education

with a  view  to  making  it a  compulsory  subject within  basic  education
curricula.

30.  The United Nations system was requested  to support the efforts of  OAU
in  the fight  against  drug  trafficking and  juvenile  delinquency,  crime
prevention  and disability,  and to  assist OAU  to enhance its  capacity in
those areas, as well  as in the promotion  of employment.  The organizations
were also asked  to formulate programmes to  strengthen the capacity  of OAU
for informationgathering,  analysis and dissemination  through the  training
of personnel; and to reinforce information infrastructure and  institutions,
including   the   provision   of   technical   and   financial   assistance.
Furthermore, the United Nations organizations  were asked to  undertake with
OAU and  other relevant  African institutions  a feasibility  study for  the
establishment of  a United Nations/OAU  inter-agency centre for  information
exchange.

31.  The  United Nations organizations were  requested to cooperate with OAU
in various other areas including:

  (a)   Promotion of a  culture of peace as a complement  to and support for
the implementation of the OAU  mechanism for conflict prevention, management
and resolution;

  (b)    Extension of  the  concept  of  cultural  development and  cultural
dimension of development through  joint activities to  consolidate the gains
of the World Decade for Cultural Development (1988-1997);

  (c)  Promotion of  science and technology in OAU member States by teaching
science and technology at all levels of the education system;

   (d)       Strengthening/establishment   of    science   and    technology
infrastructure,  institutions   and  centres  of   excellence  as  well   as
encouraging the pursuit of research for development;

  (e)  Creation of an enabling environment to retain African talents and  to
reverse the brain drain;

  (f)   Development  and implementation  of science  and technology policies
and programmes,  including policies and  programmes that  promote the inflow
of foreign technologies;

  (g)    Establishment of  a  joint  mechanism  for  the implementation  and
monitoring of recommendations of Audience Africa  in the areas of education,
science, culture and communication;

  (h)  Holding in September 1996 of an  OAU seminar on the role  of literacy
in the promotion of gender equity to celebrate International Literacy Day.


7.  Refugees, returnees and displaced persons

32.   In  their effort  to  strengthen  cooperation,  OAU and  UNHCR  should
develop  a comprehensive  strategy and  plan  of  action with  the following
objectives:

  (a)   To ensure  that asylum  and protection  of refugees  continue to  be
granted in Africa through the ongoing  promotion of the basic  principles of
asylum, taking into account the legitimate  interests of States and  hosting
communities;

  (b)  Given the  magnitude and complexity of  the refugee crisis in Africa,
to  place   strong  emphasis   on  durable   solutions,  notably   voluntary
repatriation  of  refugees and  voluntary  return  of  internally  displaced
persons to their places of residence;

  (c)   To reinforce their cooperation  in the field of conflict prevention,

particularly as far as an early-warning mechanism is concerned;

  (d)   To  take additional  and vigorous  initiatives  to  ensure that  the
recommendations  of  the   Symposium  on  Refugees  and  Forced   Population
Movements, held  at Addis Ababa in  September 1994, and  the Plan of  Action
adopted by the Regional Conference on  Assistance to Refugees, Returnees and
Displaced Persons in the Great  Lakes Region, held at  Bujumbura in February
1995, are effectively implemented;

  (e)  To develop  a more comprehensive programme of assistance and  support
to the  host countries  and communities,  taking into  account the  enormous
burden imposed on and the symptoms of fatigue of the asylum countries;

  (f)   To mobilize  additional resources  in favour  of refugees  from non-
traditional donors.

 33.    OAU and  UNHCR  should  develop  and/or  strengthen the  appropriate
mechanisms   to   achieve  those   objectives   through  implementation   of
comprehensive strategies and  the Plan of Action.   They should  also review
and update their basic agreement for cooperation signed in 1969 in order  to
reflect the current situation in Africa.

34.    United  Nations  organizations  in  collaboration  with  OAU,  should
continue to  give necessary assistance  to refugees, returnees and displaced
persons  and   support  the   efforts   under  way   to  promote   voluntary
repatriation,  particularly in the  Great Lakes  region, and  participate in
the  United  Nations consolidated  appeals  and  resource  mobilization  for
refugees, returnees  and displaced persons in  Africa.   All relevant United
Nations  organizations should  continue to  assist  UNHCR  and OAU  in their
efforts  to address  the special  needs of  refugee  children and  women, in
particular their education, training and employment needs.


8.  Situation of the African child

35.   The  United Nations  system should  assist  African  countries in  the
implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, especially  its
paragraphs on the rights  of children in armed conflict, and in the  signing
and ratification  of the African  Charter on the  Rights and  Welfare of the
Child.   The two organizations  should also  cooperate in ensuring  the full
implementation of the Consensus of Dakar, in  particular as regards the safe
and free  passage of humanitarian  relief and  aid to  innocent victims,  as
well  as  in  efforts to  establish  days  of  tranquillity  and  zones  and
corridors of peace for children and women.

36.   OAU and UNICEF  should cooperate in  the creation  of an award  at the
national  or   regional  level  which  will   give  due   attention  to  the
popularization of the Convention on the Rights of  the Child and the African
Charter   on  the   Rights  and  Welfare   of  the  Child   and  their  full
implementation  by all  countries;  campaigns of  social  sensitization  and
mobilization  for the  age of  children's enrolment  in armies  to be raised
from  15  to 18  years; and  actions  to  sensitize Governments  to people's
plight and to shift from the purchase of  arms to social services as a means
of easing tensions and violence.

37.  OAU  and UNICEF should also cooperate  in the establishment  of a chain
of solidarity with  children in armed conflict, as  was done in the case  of
the campaign against apartheid.   All schools in OAU member States should be
requested  to  devote a  few  minutes  every day  to  the  sensitization  of
children to  the suffering of other children.   The issue of debt relief for
social services benefiting children, especially  in conflict-stricken areas,
should be taken up more forcefully by OAU and UNICEF with the assistance  of
all organizations  concerned.  United  Nations organizations were  requested
to  support all OAU  activities to  eliminate malnutrition  among school and
out-of-school children.

38.  The OAU  Secretary-General should include the  Convention on the Rights
of the Child  and the African Charter in the  agenda of the Chiefs of  Staff
Seminar  on an  early-warning  system  for  conflict prevention,  which  the
Council  of Ministers  of  OAU,  at its  June 1995  session at  Addis Ababa,
decided to convene.

 39.    UNICEF  should  continue  to  cooperate  with  OAU with  a  view  to
institutionalizing an OAU biennial conference on  the follow-up of the  mid-
decade  goals   for  the  child.    UNICEF  and  OAU   should  continue  the
mobilization   of  resources  to  achieve  the  decade's  goals  within  the
framework  of  the   promotion  of   genuine  partnership  to  improve   the
international economic environment and guarantee  meaningful development for
African  children.   UNICEF  and  WHO,  in  collaboration  with OAU,  should
continue to identify priority actions to  help African children in difficult
circumstances, including the protection of the  female child from all  forms
of harmful  traditional practices,  particularly practices  such as  genital
mutilation, and early and forced marriages.


9.  Women and development

40.   The United Nations organizations should support and cooperate with OAU
in the implementation of  activities provided for in the Platform for Action
adopted  at the  Fourth  World  Conference  on  Women,  held in  Beijing  in
September 1995.


10.  Second Industrial Development Decade for Africa

41.  The  United Nations system should  intensify its assistance  to African
countries and organizations in the implementation  of the programme for  the
Second Industrial Development Decade for Africa,  and the Joint Committee of
ECA, OAU and UNIDO on the Decade should report on  the implementation of the
present recommendation  at  the  1997  meeting on  cooperation  between  the
United Nations system and OAU.

42.   The organizations of  the United Nations  system, including the  World
Trade Organization, should cooperate with the OAU/ECA/UNIDO joint  committee
in studying  the implications  of the  Uruguay Round  for African  industry.
United Nations organizations should provide assistance in strengthening  the
Industry Division of the OAU secretariat.

43.   The  International Trade  Centre  UNCTAD/GATT,  ECA, UNIDO  and  other
relevant organizations  or  bodies  of  the  United  Nations  system  should
cooperate with OAU in  organizing the Seventh All-Africa Trade Fair at Lagos
in November 1996.  In particular, UNIDO was called upon  to cooperate in the
organization of an investment forum during the Fair.


11.  Second Transport and Communications Decade in Africa

44.   Relevant United  Nations organizations  should endeavour to strengthen
their  support  for the  implementation  of  the  programme  for the  Second
Transport  and  Communications  Decade  in  Africa  by  providing  technical
assistance to the activities of the  programme; sensitizing Member States to
the need for adequate mobilization of  domestic financial resources for  the
implementation of  the programme;  and sensitizing  development partners  to
the  need to  improve their  advocacy  role  and strengthen  their financial
assistance and support for the programme.

 Other matters

45.   In  the  area  of  health,  WHO  and  other  relevant  United  Nations
organizations were requested to support OAU  in its programmes to  alleviate
the  health problems  of  women and  children  and to  tackle  other  health
problems  facing  the  continent,  specifically  focusing  on  the  concrete

actions  contained in  declarations on HIV/AIDS (Dakar,  1992; Tunis, 1994);
the Bamako Initiative; the African Regional Nutrition Strategy  (1993-2003);
the Declaration on the  African Plan of Action  concerning the situation  of
women in Africa in  the context of family health (Addis Ababa, 1995); Better
Health in Africa initiative; and the  Ministerial Conference on Malaria held
at Amsterdam in 1992.

46.   Priority should continue to be given to the provision of technical and
financial  support  in  national  AIDS  programmes  in  OAU  member  States.
Technical  support should  focus  on sharing  information  about  successful
internationally  tested  approaches to  the prevention  of HIV/AIDS/sexually
transmitted disease and to the provision of care  and support to people with
HIV/AIDS, as well as on improving  national capacity to plan,  implement and
review activities and  programmes.  External financial support for  priority
activities  must  continue,  especially  for  countries  in  greatest  need,
including  improvement of  the  quality  and coverage  of health  education,
surveillance,  blood safety,  sexually  transmitted  disease prevention  and
treatment,  and care of  persons with  HIV/AIDS. These  activities should be
supported  by the provision  of supplies  and equipment  and local subsidies
for  national  training,  the  production  of  educational  materials,   the
preparation  of socio-behavioural  studies and  the encouragement  of  local
production of materials of surveillance and care of cases.

47.   Relevant United Nations organizations  were also  requested to support
the WHO/Planning  and Policy  Coordination office  based at  Addis Ababa  in
order to make it more operational.

48.  United  Nations organizations  and bodies were  requested to report  to
the next meeting  on cooperation between the United  Nations and OAU on  the
actions they have taken to implement the  recommendations set out above,  as
appropriate.


-----


 

This document has been posted online by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA). Reproduction and dissemination of the document - in electronic and/or printed format - is encouraged, provided acknowledgement is made of the role of the United Nations in making it available.

Date last posted: 18 December 1999 16:30:10
Comments and suggestions: esa@un.org