United Nations


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

17 October 1995


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 43


Report of the Secretary-General


  Paragraphs  Page

  I.  INTRODUCTION ......................................... 13


  DEVELOPMENT ..........................................4 - 723

  A.  Centre for Human Rights of the United Nations
    Secretariat ......................................  4 - 63

  B.  United Nations Children's Fund ...................  7 - 94

  C.  United Nations Conference on Trade and Development  10 - 125

  D.  United Nations Development Programme .............  13 - 145

  E.  United Nations Environment Programme .............  15 - 176

  F.  United Nations Population Fund ...................  18 - 196

  G.  United Nations International Drug Control
    Programme ........................................  20 - 227

  H.  World Food Programme .............................  23 - 257

95-31362 (E)   011195/...
CONTENTS (continued)

  Paragraphs  Page

  I.  Economic Commission for Africa ...................  26 - 328

  J.  United Nations Centre for Human Settlements
    (Habitat) ........................................  33 - 3510

  K.  International Labour Organization ................  36 - 4010

  L.  Food and Agriculture Organization of the United
    Nations ..........................................  41 - 4511

  M.  United Nations Educational, Scientific and
    Cultural Organization ............................  46 - 5212

  N.  World Health Organization ........................  53 - 5514

  O.  World Bank/International Finance Corporation .....  56 - 5714

  P.  International Monetary Fund ......................  58 - 6015

  Q.  International Fund For Agricultural Development ...61 - 6315

  R.  United Nations Industrial Development Organization  64 - 6816

  S.  Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for
    Refugees .........................................  69 - 7217

 IV.  COOPERATION IN OTHER AREAS ...........................73 -8818

  A.  Department of Political Affairs of the United
    Nations Secretariat ..............................  73 - 8018

  B.  International Civil Aviation Organization ........  81 - 8220

  C.  Universal Postal Union ...........................  83 - 8520

  D.  World Meteorological Organization ................  86 - 8820


1.   On 15  December 1994, the  General Assembly, by  its resolution  49/64,
took note of the report of the Secretary-General on  cooperation between the
United Nations  and the Organization of  African Unity  (OAU) (A/49/490) and
noted with appreciation  the continued and  increasing participation  of OAU
in the  work of  the United  Nations and  the specialized  agencies and  its
constructive contribution to that work.   The Assembly also called  upon the
United Nations  organs  to continue  to involve  OAU  closely  in all  their
activities concerning  Africa and to  cooperate with OAU  in the context  of
the  pacific settlement  of disputes  and the  maintenance  of international
peace and  security in  Africa, as provided  for under Chapter  VIII of  the
Charter of  the United Nations; endorsed  the agreement  reached between the
organizations  of the United  Nations system  and OAU on the  convening of a
meeting between the secretariats of those organizations, to be  held in 1995
at Addis  Ababa, to review  and evaluate the  progress made in  implementing
the   proposals  and  recommendations  agreed  upon  in  September  1993  on
cooperation between them in  1994-1995 and to adopt  new and effective joint
action;  and  requested  the  Secretary-General  to  report  to  the General
Assembly  at its fiftieth  session on  the implementation  of the resolution
and on the development of the cooperation between OAU and the  organizations
of the United Nations system.


2.   In  a  message  to the  forty-ninth  session of  the  General  Assembly
delivered on his  behalf by the  Foreign Minister  of Tunisia  on 3  October

1994, Mr. Zine El Abidine Ben  Ali, President of the Republic of Tunisia and
the then  Chairman of OAU, stressed  the need to  deal with the  fundamental
issues which confront many African  countries, namely, political reforms and
the   modernization  of  the  economy  under  conditions   of  security  and

3.  The  Secretary-General of the United  Nations met on  7 April  1995 with
members of the Central Organ of the  OAU Mechanism for Conflict  Prevention,
Management and Resolution.  They exchanged  views on the conflict situations
in  Africa and  discussed actions  that  could  be considered  to ameliorate
them.    The  Secretary-General  also  met  the  current  Chairman  of  OAU,
President  Meles Zenawi of  Ethiopia, and  the Secretary-General  of OAU, at
Addis  Ababa on 17 July 1995. He discussed with them the situation in Africa
and the importance of cooperation between  the two organizations in  efforts
to bring about lasting peace and sustainable development in the region.


A.  Centre for Human Rights of the United Nations Secretariat

4.    The  Centre  for  Human  Rights  of  the  Secretariat  maintained  and
strengthened its  contacts and  cooperation with  the African Commission  on
Human and Peoples' Rights  in various areas.   In 1993-1994, the Centre gave
a  grant  to  the  Commission to  enable  it  to  reinforce  its  office  of
information and documentation, to organize seminars and training courses  on
human rights and to  hire the staff and  acquire the facilities required for
the  accomplishment  of its  mandate.    Moreover,  under  its human  rights
advisory services programme, the Centre  helped the Commission  to implement
its programme of activities for 1993-1995.

5.  In October 1993, the Centre organized at Geneva  and Bordeaux a training
course  on  information  techniques  in  the   field  of  human  rights   in
cooperation with the Institut Raoul Wallenberg  and the Agency for  Cultural
and Technical Cooperation.   Nineteen participants including 13 from  Africa
were selected to attend  this course.  In June  1994, the Centre organized a
regional  seminar on  techniques  for drafting  and presenting  the periodic
reports  which States parties  to human  rights conventions  are required to
submit to the committees established under  those conventions.  That seminar
involved  14  French-speaking  African  countries  which  were  experiencing
difficulties in  drafting and submitting  their reports.   Seven  of the  26
training  fellowships  awarded  by  the  Centre  under  the 1993  fellowship
programme were  allocated  to Africa.    In  addition, 15  fellowships  were
awarded  to African candidates  for training  and refresher  training in the
field of human rights in 1994.

6.   Under its  advisory services  and technical  assistance programme,  the
Centre  dispatched an advisory mission  to Ethiopia in 1994 to make specific
recommendations  to   assist   the   Special  Prosecutor   responsible   for
investigating cases of persons accused of  human rights violations under the
former regime.   It was  also involved  in electoral  assistance to  several
African countries.

B.  United Nations Children's Fund

7.   In January  1995, representatives  of 45  African countries  attended a
three-day conference at Tunis organized by OAU on the mid-decade and  decade
goals for  child survival, development and  protection.   The United Nations
Children's Fund (UNICEF) collaborated with the  host Government and the  OAU
secretariat  in designing  the substance  of  the  meeting.   Similar UNICEF
support  was  provided for  the  OAU  conference  on  youth and  development
planned for  1995. UNICEF collaboration  with OAU  has also  focused on  the
promotion  of  humanitarian   diplomacy,  with  emphasis  on  advocacy   for
children's  rights  and  conflict   resolution  in  the   emergency-affected

countries of eastern Africa.

8.  On 16  June 1995, Heads  of State, First Ladies, ministers of  youth and
other  high-ranking  government  officials   participated  in   educational,
cultural  and  sporting events  throughout Africa  to  mark the  Day of  the
African Child.    OAU  and UNICEF  played key  roles  by co-sponsoring  this
event,  particularly at  United Nations  Headquarters in  New York.   At the
request of  OAU, UNICEF  also prepared a  paper for the  meeting of  African
Ministers of Health that was held at Cairo in April 1995.

9.   In  advance of  the sixty-second  ordinary session  of the  Council  of
Ministers of OAU and  the thirty-first ordinary  session of the Assembly  of
Heads of  State and  Government, held  at Addis  Ababa in June  1995, UNICEF
provided technical support to the OAU secretariat in  the preparation of the
report of the OAU Secretary-General on  the mid-decade goals emanating  from
the  Consensus of Dakar,  requested by the Council  at its sixtieth session,
held at Tunis in 1994.  It also  assisted in preparing the draft  resolution
on that  question that  was submitted  to the  Council of  Ministers at  its
sixty-second session,  adopted by it  (CM/Res.1599 (LXII)) and  subsequently
endorsed by the  Assembly.  During  the session, the  UNICEF delegation  was
able to  assist the OAU secretariat  and delegations  in their consideration
of  the question,  including,  specifically, the  drafting  of  an amendment
dealing with the 20/20  concept that was incorporated  in the final version.
Earlier,  national delegations had  been briefed  in their  countries on the
resolution, and  on other  issues concerning  children and  women that  were
expected to be addressed at Addis Ababa.

C.  United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

10.   The work  of the  United Nations  Conference on Trade  and Development
(UNCTAD)  in the  implementation  of  the Treaty  Establishing  the  African
Economic Community  has been carried  out in the following  areas:  currency
convertibility,  harmonization  of  policies,  rationalization  of  existing
integration organs and transport.

11.    UNCTAD has  had  regular  consultations  with  OAU during  1994-1995,
particularly with regard to the preparation  of a cooperation agreement  and
the  preparation of the  UNCTAD contribution  to the  Second Afro-Arab Trade
Fair, which is  to be held at Johannesburg in October 1995.   At the request
of  OAU, the Government of Egypt  and the League of Arab  States, the UNCTAD
secretariat  also  organized  a  round-table  meeting  on  trade,   economic
cooperation and investment between African and  Arab countries for both  the
African and Arab public and private business sectors.

12.  The  UNCTAD secretariat has  continued to  provide the OAU  secretariat
with its  studies, in particular  on commodity price  risk management.   The
UNCTAD secretariat has also  cooperated with OAU in striving to achieve  the
objectives  of the  Second Transport  and Communications  Decade  in Africa.
UNCTAD, as coordinator of the subsectoral  working group on shipping,  ports
and  multimodal  transport,  has been  very active  in  technical assistance
projects in these subsectors.

D.  United Nations Development Programme

13.    Under  the fifth  cycle  which  began  in  1992,  the United  Nations
Development Programme (UNDP)  continued to extend support for  strengthening
the OAU  secretariat through  capacity-building and  management development,
together with  the establishment of the  African Economic  Community and the
establishment of a Women in Development Unit in OAU.

14.  The specific projects implemented  were:  improvement of administrative
and  managerial  capabilities of  OAU  (RAF/87/101;  UNDP  input:   US$  4.1
million);  preparatory  assistance  for  the  establishment  of a  Women  In
Development  Unit in OAU  (RAF/94/004; financial  inputs by  UNIFEM and UNDP

are  respectively US$  64,410 and  US$  80,000);  and promotion  of Africa's
economic  cooperation  and integration  through  the  establishment  of  the
African  Economic Community  (RAF/94/008).   The latter  programme  promotes
collaboration among  OAU, the Economic Commission  for Africa  (ECA) and the
African  Development Bank  (ADB), all  three forming  the joint  secretariat
which receives support.

E.  United Nations Environment Programme

15.  The  United Nations Environment  Programme (UNEP) participated actively
with OAU, the United  Nations Sudano-Sahelian Office (UNSO),  ECA and ADB in
the joint  secretariat,  on questions  relating  to  Africa and  the  United
Nations Conference on Environment and Development; in the substantial  input
of OAU to the  United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in  those
Countries Experiencing Serious Drought  and/or Desertification, particularly
in Africa; and in the OAU  ad hoc group of experts.   In October 1994, UNEP,
together  with  OAU  and  ECA,   and  under  the  auspices  of  the  African
Ministerial Conference  on the Environment,  convened a ministerial  session
to  discuss the  African common  position  on  the Convention  on Biological

16.    The  fifth  session  of  the African  Ministerial  Conference  on the
Environment  accorded  particular   importance  to  the  Rio  Statement   of
Principles  on forests. As  a follow-up,  UNEP, OAU  and ECA  have initiated
plans, within  the  framework of  the  Conference  Committee on  Forest  and
Woodlands, to  facilitate the active participation  of African countries  in
the  regional  consultations envisaged  and  relating  to the  Statement  of
Principles.  A  project was implemented in 1993  for the primary purpose  of
contributing towards  the strengthening of  the institutional capacities  of
OAU to deal with current and emerging environmental management issues.

17.   At  the request  of OAU,  UNEP  is  co-sponsoring the  OAU Pan-African
conference on  youth and  development, on  the theme  "African youth in  the
1990s and beyond: peace, participation and  development", planned for  1995,
which will be  an important forum  for reviewing  the role  of major  groups
like youth in the implementation of  inter- and intra-African commitments on
the environment,  such as  the African  common position  on environment  and
development, and global  agendas for  action, including  the Rio  Conference

F.  United Nations Population Fund

18.    The  main  channel  for  the  collaboration  of  the  United  Nations
Population Fund  (UNFPA) with  OAU has  continued to  be through  the UNFPA-
funded  project, support  to  population and  development activities  of OAU
(RAF/91/P11). Substantial progress has been made  in the reporting period in
achieving  the  immediate objectives  of  the  project:    a Population  and
Development Unit  was set  up at  OAU with staff  funded by UNFPA,  while an
African  Population Commission was  inaugurated in  May 1994.   The training
elements  of  the   project  include  workshops,  symposia,  attendance   at
conferences  and study tours within  and outside the continent  for a cross-
section of the constituent members of the African Population Commission.

 19.  The research agenda being developed will assist OAU in taking  account
of the  linkages between population and  development, and  there are already
discussions  within OAU regarding research activities on  the impact/role of
population in  the area of  peace, security and  democracy; on refugees  and
displaced  persons; and  on the  situation  of  African women  and children.
Brochures and newsletters on African population  continue to be issued  and,
from  1995,  will  be  translated  into   the  official  languages  of  OAU.
Representatives  of OAU, ADB,  the country support  team at  Addis Ababa and
the  local  UNFPA office  have constituted  the Project  Steering Committee.
Meetings are held quarterly to assess the implementation of the project.

G.  United Nations International Drug Control Programme

20.    In  November  1993,  a  United  Nations  International  Drug  Control
Programme  (UNDCP) delegation  met with  OAU  at  Addis Ababa  and discussed
issues pertaining to  cooperation in drug control.   It was agreed that  OAU
and UNDCP should  take further steps to develop cooperation within a defined
and agreed legal framework.

21.  This contact resulted in an agreement  on a Memorandum of Understanding
between OAU and UNDCP which provides for a regular exchange of  information,
provision to OAU of drug control  reference material, joint participation in
drug control  events, sharing  of expertise  and specific  activities to  be
determined.  Following the  signing  of the  Memorandum  in  September 1994,
UNDCP approved a  specific project to provide a  survey on drug abuse  among
African youth for the OAU Pan-African  conference on youth and  development,
planned for 1995.   Under the same  project, UNDCP also undertook to  assist
in the elaboration  of the OAU  action plan  for drug  control in Africa  in
response  to the  request of  the Council  of Ministers  at its fifty-eighth
session, held at  Cairo in 1993.   Such joint undertakings  have constituted
the initial  and promising stage of the implementation of  the Memorandum of

22.  The OAU  secretariat has been invited to participate in UNDCP-sponsored
technical  meetings   in  Africa  with  a   view  to   developing  a  common
understanding  of  the  drug  problems  in  the  region   and  a  spirit  of
partnership to deal with  them. OAU participated in the meeting of Heads  of
National  Drug Law  Enforcement Agencies in  Africa, held at  Addis Ababa in
1994.   More recently,  it attended  the forum for drug  demand reduction at
Yaounde,  during   which  western   and  central   African  experts   shared
experiences  in  this  field  and  identified  elements  of  an  appropriate
strategy for future actions.

H.  World Food Programme

23.   In 1994,  the operational  expenditures of  the  World Food  Programme
(WFP) amounted  to US$  872 million  in OAU  member States.   Projects worth
$727  million  were  approved  in support  of  humanitarian  and development
activities in African  countries.   The highest priority  was given to  sub-
Saharan  African  countries,  which  received  60  per  cent  of  total  WFP
assistance during the year. Humanitarian assistance  provided by WFP to  OAU
member  States in  1994 exceeded  $616 million,  $321 million  of  which was
channelled towards helping the victims of  both natural disasters and  armed
conflicts.   The  sum of  $109 million  was provided  to areas  stricken  by
drought or  crop  failure, and  resources  amounting  to $186  million  were
provided to protracted refugee and displaced person operations.

24.  In addition to the high  level of relief activities which the Programme
was   called  upon  to  support  in  Africa  in  1994,  WFP  maintained  its
development  assistance to the  region.   This assistance  was channelled in
accordance  with priority sectors  identified by  OAU.   Assistance to human
resources development totalled $64  million, and included  school feeding at
the primary  and secondary  levels, technical  and  vocational training  and
institutional feeding in  social centres.  Increased attention continued  to
be given  to mitigating the negative effects of structural adjustment on the
very  poor.    A  total  of  $47  million  was  spent  in  support  of rural
development activities  throughout Africa,  and an  additional $145  million
was channelled to OAU member States from WFP extrabudgetary resources.

25.   WFP  also supported  OAU member  States in  the following  areas:   it
purchased food commodities  worth $121 million,  an increase of 66  per cent
over the previous year in  the region, thus contributing  to the development
of   intra-African  trade;   various  non-food   items,  including   trucks,
warehouses  and kitchen equipment, were  provided to the region  in order to
ensure  efficient implementation  of WFP-assisted  projects; resources  were
provided to  least  developed countries  to  reduce  the burden  of  project

implementation by meeting part of the  costs of internal transport,  storage
and handling  of commodities  supplied by  WFP; and  over 2,241  counterpart
staff from  the  region were  trained in  various  fields,  such as  project
identification and implementation, monitoring, reporting and food storage.

I.  Economic Commission for Africa

26.  In January/February 1994, the  joint OAU/Economic Commission for Africa
(ECA)/ADB secretariat identified two areas of  immediate action to make  the
African  Economic Community  operational:   the  formulation of  the initial
work  programme  of the  Community  and  the  mobilization  of resources  to
support its  operational activities.  To  facilitate such  action, the joint
secretariat considered that  the work programme required harmonization  with
those  of  the  regional  economic  communities,  and  consequently  fielded
missions in  March/April 1994  to those  communities whose  reports provided
ample information on  the stage reached by each  in various sectors.   Those
reports  were consolidated  into a  single  report,  which was  submitted in
August 1994 to the  meeting of the OAU  Permanent Steering Committee held at
expert level.   The  basic elements  of the  work programme  of the  African
Economic Community are now  in place and, subject to adequate funding  being
secured, the implementation of some components could start.

27.  In February  1994, the joint  secretariat decided to set up  a Resource
Mobilization  Committee  which  would  recommend  to  it  measures aimed  at
obtaining  the  financial resources  required  to  support  the  operational
activities of  the African Economic  Community.  ECA  agreed to  carry out a
study  on  alternative solutions  to the  assessed  contributions of  member
States, which are increasingly difficult to  collect.  The joint secretariat
also prepared a  programme support document which  was submitted to  UNDP in
December  1994 for  funding.   UNDP  financing  will supplement  the support
already lent to the African Economic Community by ADB and ECA.

28.   ECA and OAU prepared joint papers for and serviced the African Group's
preparatory  meetings  for  and  during  the  International  Conference   on
Population and  Development, held at  Cairo in 1994.   The  first meeting of
the  Follow-up Committee on the implementation of the Dakar/Ngor Declaration
was  organized by ECA in 1994, in which OAU  actively participated.  The two
institutions continue to cooperate in the  follow-up to that Declaration and
the Programme  of Action  of the  Cairo Conference  and plan  to organize  a
meeting  of experts  and non-governmental  organizations at  Abidjan  during
1995.   ECA  also  participated in  two meetings  on  population  which were
organized  in 1994  by OAU  -the  first meeting  of the  African  Population
Commission and the Seminar of Ambassadors on Population Issues.

29.    ECA  worked  closely  with  OAU  and  undertook  several major  joint
activities,  notably, preparation  of the  African common  position on human
and social development  in Africa, which was  presented at the World  Summit
for Social Development (1995); preparation of  a national seminar on  youth,
drugs  and health  in  Ethiopia (1994);  organization of  the ad  hoc Expert
Group Meeting on the  Impact of Economic and  Social Changes on  the African
Family (1993); and the session of the OAU Labour Commission.

30.  OAU is  involved in all major  activities organized by  ECA, especially
in  meetings of  the intergovernmental  experts (1993) and  the preparations
for  the African Conference  on Science  and Technology  (1995).  Similarly,
ECA is  on the panel of  judges on African inventors  organized by  OAU.  In
1993, ECA organized the Conference of  Ministers Responsible for Minerals in
which OAU participated. Joint activities are  also undertaken in the follow-
up  to  the  United  Nations  Convention  to  Combat  Desertification.   ECA
provided technical support to  the African Organization  for Cartography and
Remote  Sensing, which  is based  at  Algiers, and  to the  African Regional
Centre for Technology at Dakar.

31.  The joint  OAU/ECA/ADB secretariat of the Ministerial Contact Group  on
Africa's external  indebtedness organized a meeting of the Group at Tunis in

1994.     The  joint   OAU/ECA/ADB/African  Centre   for  Monetary   Studies
secretariat  of the  enlarged Libreville  Committee on  the establishment of
the  African  Monetary  Fund  organized  a   meeting  of  the  Committee  at
Libreville, also in 1994. ECA organized  an international conference on  the
Uruguay Round of  multilateral trade negotiations and African economies,  in
which OAU participated, at Tunis in 1994.

32.  In 1994, ECA and OAU organized jointly the  meeting of member States on
the Common African Agricultural Programme and a meeting on  under-exploited/
non-conventional food resources in Africa was  organized by OAU with support
from  ECA  and  FAO.    Within the  framework  of  the  joint  OAU/ECA/UNIDO
secretariat to  the Conference of African  Ministers of  Industry, a session
of the Conference was organized in  Mauritius in 1993 on  the implementation
of  the  Second  Industrial  Development  Decade   in  Africa.    ECA   also
contributed to  the preparation  of the protocol  on industry  to the  Abuja
J.  United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (Habitat)

33.    In March  1994,  the  United  Nations  Centre  for Human  Settlements
(Habitat), in collaboration with OAU and ECA, convened a  meeting of African
Ministers  responsible for  human  settlements at  Habitat  headquarters  at
Nairobi, to  develop strategies and  mechanisms which  would enable  African
countries to  participate effectively  in the United  Nations Conference  on
Human Settlements (Habitat II).

34.  A regional technical cooperation project was signed by Habitat and  OAU
to  facilitate  the  mobilization  of  support  and  resources  for  African
regional  programmes within the framework of the human settlements programme
of Agenda  21. The first phase  of the project was  completed at  the end of
October 1994.   The project  itself entered  the implementation  stage on  1
December  1994, with periodic monitoring and evaluation  provided jointly by
Habitat and OAU.

35.  Habitat, in  association with the World  Bank and with core-sponsorship
from UNDP, is implementing a 10-year  (1986-1996) urban management programme
designed to strengthen the contribution that  cities and towns in developing
countries make towards human development, including economic growth,  social
development  and the reduction  of poverty.   The  programme's activities in
sub-Saharan Africa and  northern Africa  are being  developed and  supported
through  its  regional  offices  at  Accra  and  Cairo,  respectively,  with
decentralization as a core theme. In the  northern African Arab States,  the
programme has added a component on  urban heritage, and regional initiatives
have  been  planned  for  exchanging  experience  on  municipal solid  waste
management.   In eastern  and southern  Africa a research  project on  urban
poverty  has  been   implemented  with  financial  support  from  the   Ford

K.  International Labour Organization

36.    Through  its liaison  office  at  Addis  Ababa  and  the East  Africa
Multidisciplinary  Advisory   Team,  also  located   at  Addis  Ababa,   the
International Labour Organization (ILO) continued to maintain close  working
relations  with  OAU  and  its  secretariat,  mainly  with  respect  to  the
organization of  relevant expert meetings and  the annual session of the OAU
Labour Commission.  As in the past, ILO also continued to provide  technical
and financial support  for capacitybuilding and training programmes  carried
out under the auspices  of OAU.   The ILO Employers' and Workers'  Relations
Bureaux at Geneva and its Regional Office for Africa, at Abidjan,  continued
to  maintain close relationships with,  and to provide support for, the OAU-
sponsored  employers and  workers organizations  at the  continental  level,
namely,  the Pan-African  Employers Confederation  and the  Organization  of
African Trade Union Unity.

37.    ILO assisted  OAU  in  preparing  ad hoc  technical  papers  for  the
officials meeting and special reports  for the seventeenth  ordinary session

of  the OAU  Labour  Commission,  held in  1994, on  employment  and related
issues.   It financed  and coordinated  the preparation  of five  background
technical papers - one  case-study for each of  the five OAU  subregions for
the meeting of experts on international labour migration in Africa in  1995.
Financial  assistance and advisory  services were provided by  ILO to OAU in
1994 towards  the  organization of  the Pan-African  Youth Congress  (1995).
ILO  financial and technical assistance  has been made  available to OAU for
the  preparation of the  OAU/ILO Regional  Tripartite Meeting  on Labour and
Social Issues in  Export Processing Zones/Multinational Enterprises  (1995).
ILO   inputs  included   technical   background   papers,  fellowships   for
participants and the services of specialists.

38.   ILO provided support for and participated fully in the OAU workshop on
post-conflict demobilization  in Africa, held at  Kampala in November  1994,
and, as a follow-up, agreed to collaborate with  OAU in organizing a meeting
on the training and employment of ex-combatants.

39.  OAU participated in  the fourth Biennial Meeting  of African Employment
Planners,  held  at  Accra  in  December  1994  on  the  basis  of financial
assistance provided  by ILO.  At the request of OAU, ILO prepared a paper on
child  labour in  Africa, which  was  initially  presented at  the sixteenth
session of the OAU  Labour Commission in  1993.  Later, the document  served
as  the basis of  further OAU/ILO  collaboration on  policies and programmes
directed towards the  elimination of child  labour.   ILO continued to  work
closely  with  OAU  in the  implementation  of  the  activities  of  the ILO
International  Programme on the  Elimination of  Child Labour  in the Africa

40.   Since  late 1993,  ILO has been  involved in preparatory  work for the
fifth Conference of  African Ministers of Health  (1995).  In  addition, ILO
has  provided both material  and technical  support to  various regional and
subregional  institutions  sponsored  by OAU  in  the  areas  of  vocational
rehabilitation  and  training,  occupation  safety  and  health  and  social

L.  Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

41.   The  Food  and Agriculture  Organization of  the United  Nations (FAO)
continued to  provide technical support to  OAU during  1993-1994 within the
framework  of the  development of  a Common  African Agricultural  Programme
(CAAP)  as an  operational  tool of  the African  Economic  Community.   FAO
contributed to the  organization of an inter-agency  meeting on CAAP and  an
intergovernmental meeting  of experts on  CAAP, both held at  Addis Ababa in
March/April 1994.   FAO also cooperated  with OAU  on the  development of  a
strategy on  underutilized food resources, as  well as  a regional nutrition
strategy for Africa.  The eighteenth session of  the FAO Regional Conference
for Africa, held  at Gaborone in October  1994, endorsed the principles  and
strategies of the Framework for a Common African Agricultural Programme.

42.    FAO  contributed towards  the strengthening  of  subregional economic
communities and their integration  programmes by assisting in the conversion
of the Preferential Trade Area for Eastern and Southern  African States into
a  Common Market  for Eastern  and Southern  Africa.    FAO assisted  in the
development of  a Common Agricultural Policy  and Programme  for Eastern and
Southern Africa  and a  food security  strategy for  the subregion and  also
contributed  to  the finalization  of  an  OAU  draft protocol  on  food and
agriculture  in accordance with  article 47  of the  Treaty Establishing the
African Economic Community.

43.  The Organization  has provided technical assistance to OAU for the Pan-
African Veterinary Vaccine Centre (PANVAC).   Since August 1992, PANVAC  has
operated  largely  on  funds  provided  by  the  FAO  technical  cooperation
programme,  although some support has  also come from UNDP  and the European
Community.  A  new three-year  project, on strengthening veterinary  vaccine
production and quality control in Africa, is being  executed by FAO with  EC

funding.  FAO activities  in crop protection  have focused on the  promotion
and strengthening of  technical cooperation  among African countries in  the
monitoring and  control  of major  pests,  diseases  and weeds  of  regional
importance.     FAO   continued   to  cooperate   with   the   Inter-African
Phytosanitary Council, an OAU organization.

44.  FAO cooperation  with OAU is  also reflected in the Coordinated  Multi-
donor Programme for Tick and Tick-borne  Disease Control in eastern, central
and  southern  Africa.   OAU  has  participated  in  the programme's  annual
meetings where  progress is discussed and  has actively  collaborated in the
setting up of quality control standards for tick-borne diseases in Africa.

45.    FAO  is   a  serving  member  of   the  Executive  Committee  of  the
International Scientific  Council for Trypanosomiasis  Research and  Control
(ISCTRC), which  is the OAU/IBAR (Inter-African Bureau for Animal Resources)
body with  responsibility for convening  the biennial international  meeting
and for addressing technical aspects of  control.  The twenty-second meeting
of the  Executive Committee was  held at Kampala  in October  1993, with the
active participation of FAO.  OAU/IBAR was  invited to attend FAO  statutory
meetings  relating  to the  Programme  for  the  Control  of African  Animal
Trypanosomiasis and Related Development, the most  recent of these being the
meetingof the regionalliaison officers(East Africa) held atNairobi in 1993.

        M.  United Nations Educational, Scientific
            and Cultural Organization

46.  The  Secretary-General of OAU participated  in Audience Africa, held at
UNESCO  headquarters in  February 1995  and the  United Nations Educational,
Scientific and Cultural  Organization (UNESCO) participated in the  meetings
of the  governing bodies  of OAU.   UNESCO was  represented at  a number  of
meetings  on education  organized by  OAU, including  the first  subregional
conference  of  Ministers  of Education,  held in  the  Sudan.   UNESCO also
supported the  implementation of  projects related  to the  work of the  OAU
Ministerial Council on  Education, Culture and  Development, notably  in the
area of education for girls.

47.    UNESCO is  assisting  in the  preparation  of a  protocol  concerning
education,  training  and culture  to  the  Treaty Establishing  the African
Economic  Community.  OAU  participated   in  the  first   session  of   the
Consultative Committee on Regional Cooperation in  the Field of Education of
Africa, held  at Dakar  in  March 1994,  which  also  served as  a  regional
preparatory  meeting  for the  forty-fourth  session  of  the  International
Conference on  Education.  OAU was  represented at the latter session, which
was held at Geneva in October 1994.

48.    UNESCO supported  OAU  activities  through  its  Regional Office  for
Science and Technology for  Africa at Nairobi.   This support took  the form
of cooperation with the  OAU Scientific, Technical  and Research  Commission
at Lagos.   In 1993-1994, the  Office made a  financial contribution to  the
Commission  and helped to implement the OAU programme on  the use of new and
renewable  sources of energy,  including solar energy,  in Africa.   The two
organizations have also cooperated in the  implementation of the Lagos  Plan
of  Action  and  the  follow-up  to  the  Regional  Conference  of Ministers
Responsible for the Application of Science  and Technology to Development in
Africa  (CASTAFRICA).    OAU  and  UNESCO  continued  to  provide  moral and
material  support to  the African  Network  of Scientific  and Technological
Institutions, which  is based at Regional  Office headquarters.   Since UNDP
discontinued its  assistance to the project,  the Network  has received most
of  its  resources from  UNESCO.   The Regional  Office participated  in the
first meeting of the OAU Inter-African  Scientific Council (April 1994), and
OAU  is  a  member   of  the  Board  of  the  International  Fund  for   the
Technological Development of Africa, established in February 1994.

49.   The two  organizations have continued  to cooperate  in launching  and
implementing the  Dakar  Plan of  Action,  relating  to the  development  of

cultural industries in Africa.  In  particular, UNESCO provided a  financial
contribution for a sectoral study on  potential cultural industries in  West
African countries. Moreover,  UNESCO provided an intellectual and  financial
contribution for  the organization  of the  OAU Conference  of Ministers  of
Education and Culture, held at Cotonou, Benin, in 1993.

50.   In collaboration with  OAU and ECA,  UNESCO organized an international
symposium on the definition of new  strategies to promote African  languages
in a  multilingual context, held  at Addis Ababa  in November  1994.  UNESCO
donated a set of  publications in African languages to OAU; an exhibition of
these works  was held  in  January 1995.   Following  up the  Dakar Plan  of
Action, OAU  participated  in a  pan-African  symposium  on the  living  and
working conditions of artists, held at Brazzaville in July 1994.

51.  On various occasions, OAU has expressed  an interest in the  historical
study of the  causes and modalities  of the slave trade and  the analysis of
the  cultural   interactions  it   generated.     Following  the   project's
inauguration  at Ouidah, Benin, in  September 1994, it  was decided that OAU
should   be  closely   associated  with  all  of   the  project  activities.
Consequently,  OAU was  represented  at a  joint World  Tourism Organization
(WTO)/UNESCO meeting  at Accra, on cultural  tourism along  the slave route.
In addition,  WTO invited  OAU to  participate in the  Committee of  African
Ministers  of Tourism,  which adopted  the  programme  of tourism  along the
slave  route at  its  session  held  at  Durban  in April/May  1995.  UNESCO
participated in the seventh session of  the Conference of African  Ministers
for Information,  which took  place at Sun  City, South  Africa, in  October

52.   Since February 1993,  UNESCO has  cooperated with OAU  in reorganizing
and strengthening the  Pan African News Agency  (PANA) by seconding  a staff
member to act as  General Coordinator of  PANA and by providing a  financial
contribution of US$ 10,000.  The reorganization plan was drawn up by  UNESCO
and adopted by  the Assembly of Heads of State and Government of  OAU at its
twenty-eighth session, held at Dakar in July 1992.

 N.  World Health Organization

53.   The  World Health  Organization  (WHO)  Working Group  on  Continental
Africa was established in March  1994 to facilitate the  contribution of WHO
to the implementation of the United Nations  New Agenda for the  Development
of  Africa in  the  1990s.   WHO also  assisted OAU  in formulating  a draft
health protocol to the  Treaty Establishing the  African Economic Community,
which will  provide an  important framework  for health  and development  in
Africa as a whole.   WHO, in collaboration with OAU, is playing an important
role in  the implementation of the  Africa 2000 initiative  for water supply
and sanitation, requested by the Regional  Committee for Africa in September

54.  A  WHO delegation headed by the Director-General attended the thirtieth
ordinary session  of the Assembly  of Heads of  State and  Government of OAU
(Tunis, June 1994), at  which the Assembly adopted a Declaration on AIDS and
the  Child in Africa.  Building  on the Dakar  Declaration on AIDS in Africa
(1992), the  Tunis Declaration was based  on a  background document prepared
by WHO and reviewed  by OAU Ministers of  Health at an extraordinary session
of the  Conference of  African Ministers  of Health  held during the  forty-
seventh World Health Assembly.

55.  Recommendations were provided by WHO on the OAU medical clinic  serving
some 3,000  people at Addis Ababa and on the health information needs of the
OAU secretariat.   WHO participated actively in the preparation of the Fifth
Conference of African Ministers of Health, which was held at Cairo in  April
1995, by identifying the following major  objectives for the Conference:  to
update  and reaffirm  the  rationale for  putting health  at  the  centre of
national  development in  accordance with  the  Declaration  on Health  as a
Foundation for  Development (July 1987);  to emphasize  the important policy

implementations  of  women's   health  for  national  development;  and   to
identify, within national  development plans,  areas of action critical  for
family health  for  consideration by  the Assembly  of  Heads  of State  and
Government of OAU at its 1995 session.

O.  World Bank/International Finance Corporation

56.    The World  Bank has  a  representative  to OAU,  based at  the Bank's
Resident Mission  at Addis Ababa,  who attends all  OAU meetings, meets  OAU
officials  on  issues  of  mutual  concern and  ensures  the  open  flow  of
communication  between the  two  organizations.    In addition,  World  Bank
officials  from headquarters  regularly  visit OAU  for  consultations  with
officials and attend meetings.

57.    The Bank  also  supports operational  cooperation  with OAU  via  the
African  Capacity-Building Foundation, of  which the  Bank is  a co-sponsor.
The Foundation  has supported establishment of  an economic policy  analysis
support  unit  within the  OAU secretariat  to enhance  macroeconomic policy
analysis  capabilities, especially  with  respect to  policies  of  regional
integration.    The  Bank  has  sought  to  recruit  nationals  from  member
countries at  levels of  policy decisionmaking.   In future, the  World Bank
will  be increasing the  role of  field staff relative  to headquarters, and
the consequent  expansion of  capacity in  the Bank's  resident missions  in
Africa  will  be  largely  derived  from   the  hiring  of  qualified  local
P.  International Monetary Fund

58.    The International  Monetary  Fund  continued  to  cooperate with  OAU
through its  member States that  are also Fund  members and  with the United
Nations  through contacts between the  Director of the Fund's  Office at the
United Nations (who  is also the Special Representative  of the Fund at  the
United  Nations) and  the OAU  Steering  Committee  in relation  to Africa's
Priority Programme.   The  main vehicles  for cooperation  include financial
assistance, external debt and aid coordination, policy advice,  surveillance
and technical assistance.

59.   The Fund continued to  provide its own  financial resources under  its
different   facilities,   especially   under   the   structural   adjustment
facility/enhanced structural adjustment  facility, to  African countries  in
support of  their  structural adjustment  programmes.    As  at the  end  of
February  1995,  there  were  26  programmes  in  place  in  various African
countries.  These  included  nine  stand-by  arrangements; two  arrangements
under the extended fund facility; and  15 arrangements under the  structural
adjustment  and enhanced  structural adjustment  facilities.   In  addition,
there is a rights  accumulation programme in  place.  Total Fund credit  and
loans outstanding to OAU  member countries amounted to  SDR 6.66 billion  at
the end  of 1994.   The Fund,  in its  catalytic role, further  continued to
mobilize additional  resources for the African  countries in  the context of
multilateral  conferences  on  aid  coordination  (e.g., consultative  group
meetings  and  UNDP-sponsored  round-table  discussions)  as  well  as  debt

60.    The Fund  exercised  its  policy  advice  and surveillance  functions
through its  regular consultations  with OAU  member States  and by  helping
those countries design adjustment programmes that  could be supported by the
Fund.     It   also  continued   to   collaborate  actively   with  regional
organizations  in Africa, and to provide extensive  technical assistance for
the effective management of policy reforms  in many areas, including  public
finance, monetary  policy, debt management  and exchange rate management, as
well as in  the design of social safety nets.  It offered  training, both at
headquarters  and in the  field, in  financial analysis,  public finance and
the balance of payments.

Q.  International Fund for Agricultural Development

61.    By  the  end  of  1994,  assistance  of the  International  Fund  for
Agricultural Development (IFAD)  to the African  continent under the regular
programme  amounted to SDR 1,233.5 million (US$ 1,541  million) in loans and
grants for  165 projects  in 49  countries; of  the total  project costs  of
$5,530.4 million,  IFAD contributed  27.8 per  cent.   Assistance refers  to
loans  for projects (SDR  1,227.4 million,  or $1,533.8  million) and grants
for projects (SDR 6.1  million or $7.2 million).  The 165 projects include 8
which  were financed from  both the regular  and special  resources for sub-
Saharan  Africa.   The latter  amounted to  SDR 36  million  ($48.1 million)
which  is included  in  the  total project  cost.   In  addition, under  its
Special Programme for  Sub-Saharan African Countries Affected by Drought and
Desertification,  IFAD  provided by  the  end  of  1994  SDR 275.88  million
($364.3  million) for  29 projects  in  19  countries, including  grants for
projects  of SDR  7.29  million ($9.12  million).    Under  the regular  and
special programme  combined, sub-Saharan  Africa received  SDR 89.3  million
($129.6 million) in  assistance in 1994 for 13 projects in 14 countries.  Of
the total project costs of $244.8 million, IFAD contributed 53 per cent.

62.     Through  its   technical  assistance  grant  programme  support  for
agricultural  research and training  in Africa,  IFAD continues  to focus on
improving the  technical  basis for  its  investment  portfolio.   Two  IFAD
grants through  the International Institute  of Tropical Agriculture  (IITA)
are financing research  conducted by national agricultural research  systems
within  the  Alley  Farming Network  for  Tropical  Africa, coordinated  and
supported  by IITA, the  International Livestock  Centre for  Africa and the
International Council for Research in Agroforestry.

63.    During 1993/94,  the Agricultural  Management Training  Programme for
Africa  collaborating  agencies  (OAU  Scientific,  Technical  and  Research
Commission,  ADB, IFAD and  World Bank) made  concerted efforts  to design a
second   phase    of   the   programme,    aimed   at   internalizing    and
institutionalizing  the  approach and  putting its  long-term implementation
and replication  on a sustainable  basis.  On  this basis,  all countries in
the region would eventually participate in  the programme which would become
a standing feature of the curriculum  of national training institutions  and
be  included  in the  training  programmes  of  all  agricultural and  rural
investment projects.

R.  United Nations Industrial Development Organization

64.    The  United  Nations  Industrial  Development  Organization   (UNIDO)
cooperated with OAU and  ECA in the organization of the eleventh  Conference
of African  Ministers of Industry held  at Port Louis  in May/June 1993  and
the preceding meeting of the Intergovernmental  Committee of Experts of  the
Whole on Industrialization  in Africa.   Apart from  helping to prepare  the
African  common position,  UNIDO cooperated  with OAU  in ensuring effective
African participation  at the  fifth session  of the  General Conference  of
UNIDO  held  at Yaounde,  in December  1993.   OAU  attended the  thirteenth
session of  the Industrial  Development Board,  held at  Vienna in  November
1994, and  UNIDO participated in  the meetings  of the Council  of Ministers
and  the Assembly  of Heads of State  and Government of OAU  held during the
reporting period.

65.   Within the  framework of  the African Economic  Community, apart  from
making substantive  contributions  to  the preparation  of the  protocol  on
industrial cooperation  to the Abuja Treaty,  as well as  that on technology
and energy, UNIDO continued  to cooperate with OAU  in identifying areas  of
industrial   cooperation   among   member   States   and   intergovernmental
organizations.   Following  the adoption  of  the  programme for  the Second
Industrial Development  Decade for  Africa by  the General  Assembly in  its
resolution 47/177 of 22  December 1992, the Joint Committee of OAU, ECA  and
UNIDO  on  the implementation  of the  programme  has  continued to  meet to
review the progress made in its implementation.

66.  Given the  important roles which OAU, ECA and ADB have been playing, in

concert  with  UNIDO, in  promoting  the  industrialization of  Africa,  the
DirectorGeneral  of  UNIDO  had  initiated  consultations  with  the   three
organizations  with  a  view to  identifying  ways  to  reach  a  common and
coordinated approach in their joint efforts  to assist African countries  to
meet the  future challenges.  A  meeting of technical  experts of OAU,  ECA,
ADB  and UNIDO  was  held at  Vienna  in  November  1994 and  recommended  a
memorandum  to the heads  of the  four organizations.  A  meeting of private
sector  experts on the  industrialization of Africa  was held  at Abidjan in
January 1995 and helped lay the foundation for  a private sector forum, held
at Gaborone in June 1995  with a view to enhancing the participation of  the
private sector in the industrialization of Africa.

67.    UNIDO participated  in  the  African  Ministerial  Conference on  the
Environment at Addis Ababa in November 1993, which  was jointly organized by
OAU, ECA and UNEP, and  at which the UNIDO agenda  for a "better  world with
clean industry",  in particular its  programme for ecologically  sustainable
industrial development, was  presented to the Ministers.   As a follow-up to
that Conference, UNIDO is intensifying its  cooperation with OAU, ECA,  UNEP
and the Conference secretariat in initiating a  programme in response to the
issues delineated in Agenda 21.

68.  UNIDO prepared  and presented a background  paper on the utilization of
sorghum in malt and  beer processing at  the Regional Symposium on  Progress
in the  Processing and Utilization of  Sorghum and Related  Cereals, held at
Ouagadougou  in November 1993,  which was  organized by  the OAU Scientific,
Technical  and Research  Commission.   The  UNIDO  paper contributed  to the
recommendations of the Symposium on measures to enhance self-sufficiency  in
food production in Africa.

S.  Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

69.  The underlying objective of the cooperation  between the Office of  the
United Nations High Commissioner  for Refugees (UNHCR)  and OAU has been  to
promote legal arrangements,  policies, practices and  other actions  for the
more effective provision of protection and  assistance to refugees in Africa
and for the identification  of solutions to  their plight.  In legal  terms,
the culmination of the  efforts of the two organizations in this respect  is
the  OAU Convention Governing  the Specific  Aspects of  Refugee Problems in
Africa, which  was elaborated with  the assistance  of UNHCR and  adopted in
September 1969.

70.   Towards the  end of  1993, UNHCR  and  OAU started  to collaborate  in
organizing  the  OAU/UNHCR  Symposium  on  Refugees  and  Forced  Population
Movements which was held  at Addis Ababa in  September 1994.   The Symposium
adopted, inter  alia, a  series of  recommendations  on the  root causes  of
refugee  flows  and   other  forced  population  movements;  assistance   to
refugees;  internally  displaced  persons;  solutions  for  refugees;  other
populations in need  of humanitarian assistance; emergency preparedness  and
response;  the  relationship  between  humanitarian  assistance  and  socio-
economic development;  and issues  relating to institutional reform.   UNHCR
and OAU are following up the implementation of the recommendations.

71.   The convening of  the Regional Conference  on Assistance to  Refugees,
Returnees and  Displaced Persons in  the Great Lakes Region,  which was held
at Bujumbura in  February 1995, was called for  by the Council of  Ministers
of  OAU at  its  sixtieth  ordinary  session  and  endorsed by  the  General
Assembly in its resolution  49/7.  The Conference  addressed a wide range of
issues concerning  refugees, returnees  and displaced persons  in the  Great
Lakes region  and adopted  a Plan  of Action  covering such  matters as  the
security  and protection of  those groups  of persons; refugee repatriation;
international solidarity  and burdensharing; addressing  the root causes  of
displacement;  financial  and  material  resources;  and  strengthening  the
social, economic  and environmental infrastructures  of the host  countries.
UNHCR and OAU are currently cooperating  in promoting the implementation  of
the Plan of Action.

72.   UNHCR has  committed itself  to supporting,  in appropriate ways,  the
conflict resolution activities  of OAU  and the accompanying mechanisms  are
being developed  or strengthened within the  OAU secretariat.   Already, the
two organizations  are systematically  sharing information  on problems  and
issues  that cut across their respective mandates.  UNHCR has also indicated
its  readiness  to  participate  in  an  appropriate  way  in  the  regional
activities  of  OAU in  the  social  and  economic  fields, with  particular
reference  to  their  implications  for  the   effective  execution  of  the
responsibilities of the office in Africa.


        A.  Department of Political Affairs of the
            United Nations Secretariat

Conflict prevention and peacemaking

73.  In accordance with  Chapter VIII of the Charter  of the United Nations,
the United  Nations and OAU consult regularly on key  African questions with
a  view to  coordinating initiatives  and  actions on  a broad  spectrum  of
political issues, including the  prevention and resolution  of conflicts  in
Africa.    In  recent  years,  the  two  organizations  have  cooperated  on
initiatives  to  prevent  or resolve  conflicts in  many  African countries,
including Burundi, Lesotho, Liberia,  Rwanda, Sierra Leone and South Africa.
They have  also  cooperated in  the  implementation  of peace  processes  in
several African  countries where  the United Nations  has undertaken  peace-
keeping operations.  Examples include Angola, Mozambique and Somalia.

74.   In his  report entitled "An  Agenda for  Peace", the Secretary-General
drew attention to the untapped potential  of regional organizations like OAU
in working for peace and  in the Supplement  to that report offered to  help
OAU  and  other  regional organizations  develop a  capacity  for preventive
action, peacemaking  and, where  appropriate,  peace-keeping.   In order  to
exchange views  on this matter and  to consider how  the cooperation between
the  United  Nations  and  regional  organizations  can  be  adapted  to the
changing world situation, he  convened in New York  in August 1994 a meeting
with  the  heads   of  several  regional  arrangements  and   organizations,
including OAU.

75.   The  key to  closer cooperation  and  coordination between  the United
Nations  and OAU in preventive  diplomacy lies in a  structured and constant
exchange of  information on emerging crises  at a  sufficiently early stage.
Efforts are being made  to help build the institutional capacity of the  OAU
secretariat in these areas.   Consideration is also being given to assisting
OAU  in  the  establishment  of an  early-warning  capability  by  providing
technical assistance, including  staff exchanges, to enhance its  capability
to collect  and disseminate  information, as  well as  to monitor  political
developments in Africa.

76.  The two  organizations have exchanged views  on how the  United Nations
could help mobilize financial  and logistic support  to specific peacemaking
activities of  OAU and for  the development  of training  programmes on  the
settlement of disputes.  Similarly, arrangements  are being made to  involve
OAU  in   devising  and  implementing   programmes  of  rehabilitation   and
reconstruction in  post-conflict peace-building efforts  in Africa, as  well
as those that address the needs  of refugees, displaced persons, demobilized
combatants and others affected by conflicts.

Electoral assistance

77.  In the past year, the United Nations has provided technical  assistance
in  such fields  as  electoral  systems, election  organization  and  budget
preparation,  boundary definition,  civic and  voter education, informatics,
logistics,  procurement of  election materials  (such as  ballots,  staining
ink,  ballot envelopes,  ballot  boxes,  etc.),  election law  and  training

election  administrators.    Since  1992,  electoral  assistance  has   been
provided in response to 35 requests, including those received before 1992.

78.  In field  operations where the United  Nations has provided an umbrella
framework  for  the   coordination  of   diverse  international   observers,
cooperation has often been exemplary.   In Malawi, for example, coordination
with OAU  and other  organizations was  essential for  effective observation
coverage of the elections.  Electoral  assistance in Malawi included support
for over  250 international observers, including those from OAU,  as well as
coordination  of technical  assistance provided  by the United  Nations, the
European  Union,  the Commonwealth  and  the  International  Foundation  for
Electoral Systems.

79.   The  United  Nations  undertook  a  major  role  in  coordinating  the
international  observation of  South  Africa's first  general  elections  in
April  1994.  It deployed 2,120 observers and coordinated the observation of
the elections and  deployment of 102  OAU observers who participated  in the
final  polling phase  of the  elections.   In  Mozambique, 21  OAU observers
worked  in  close cooperation  with  the  United  Nations  during the  final
polling phase of the electoral process.

80.   The  Electoral Assistance  Division  of  the Department  of  Political
Affairs  co-sponsored  a colloquium  with  the  Department  for  Development
Support  and  Management  Services,   the  African-American  Institute,  the
International Foundation for  Electoral Systems and the National  Democratic
Institute at Victoria Falls,  Zimbabwe, in November 1994.  The objective  of
the colloquium  was to contribute to  the democratization  process in Africa
by  the strengthening  of  electoral institutions.    Participants  included
representatives   of  OAU,   as   well  as   election   administrators   and
representatives of civil society directly  involved in the electoral process
in 31 African countries.

 B.  International Civil Aviation Organization

81.  OAU continues to be invited to the meetings of the International  Civil
Aviation  Organization  (ICAO) within  its  sphere  of  interest,  including
sessions of the ICAO Assembly.   ICAO has provided information, particularly
on  the implementation  of ICAO  regional  air  navigation plans  by African
countries,  for the  study of  air transport  in Africa  being undertaken by
Egypt, which was  endorsed by the Council of Ministers of OAU  at its fifty-
eighth session, held at Cairo in 1993.

82.   ICAO continued to maintain a close and continuous working relationship
with the African Civil Aviation Commission  and provided the Commission with
expert  advice  and secretariat  assistance  upon  request.   Documents  and
studies of  interest to the  Africa region are provided to  OAU on a regular
basis  to  allow  it  to  maintain  basic  documentation  on  civil aviation

C.  Universal Postal Union

83.  Cooperation between the Universal Postal Union (UPU) and OAU  continues
in the  form  of activities,  mainly in  the area  of technical  assistance,
carried  out jointly  by UPU  and the  Pan African  Postal Union  (PAPU),  a
specialized  agency of OAU.   Under  the cooperation  agreement concluded in
that regard, UPU and  PAPU coordinate their programmes  and carry out  joint
technical  assistance  activities,  co-financed  by  the  parties concerned.
During  the period from July 1994 to March 1995, two joint projects/seminars
were carried  out  in  English-speaking  African countries,  on  methods  of
market  studies (Nairobi, July/August  1994) and  on management  methods and
organization (Nairobi, November/December 1994).

84.   In  addition, UPU  has  provided  substantial technical  assistance to
States  members  of PAPU  for  the  following  activities,  funded from  UPU

resources   and  carried   out  within  the  framework   of  UNDP  projects:
consultant  missions  involving  operational  activities,  studies  and  the
organization of  services; individual  and group  training fellowships;  and
the provision  of postal  equipment.  It  has participated  actively in  the
work of  the Second  Transport and  Communications Decade  in Africa,  inter
alia, in efforts to find financing for proposed postal projects.

85.   UPU  is  helping to  implement the  1993-1996  programme of  PAPU,  in
particular through  group training  activities.   It is  also continuing  to
cooperate with  OAU and  PAPU to  achieve the  objectives set  in the  Abuja
Treaty and  spelt out,  as far  as the  postal sector  is concerned, in  the
protocol on  transport and  communication.   The  presence in  the field  of
three  regional advisers from  UPU has  provided continuing  support for the
postal administrations in ArabicEnglish-, French-, Portuguese- and  Spanish-
speaking African countries.

D.  World Meteorological Organization

86.   The World Meteorological Organization  (WMO) continues  to accord high
priority to OAU  member States,  particularly to  sub-Saharan countries,  in
its  technical  assistance  activities.    In  1995,  the  three  continuing
technical  cooperation  programmes  under  implementation  in  Africa   are:
African Centre  of Meteorological  Applications  for Development;  programme
for  the Permanent Inter-State  Committee for  Drought Control  in the Sahel
(CILSS); and  a  drought  monitoring  programme  for  eastern  and  southern

87.   Within  the framework  of  the African  Ministerial Conference  on the
Environment,  WMO  continues to  participate  in  the  Inter-Agency  Working
Group. WMO  is also collaborating closely with OAU and  ECA member countries
in the assessment and development of  coordinated strategies related to  the
International  Decade for  Natural Disaster  Reduction, the  United  Nations
Framework Convention on Climate  Change and the  International Convention to
Combat  Desertification,  with  emphasis  on  the   roles  of  the  national
meteorological and hydrological services.  In addition, WMO, in  cooperation
with ECA, organized a conference on  water policy and assessment, management
and development in Africa.

88.   WMO  is working  in close  cooperation with  African regional economic
groupings  in  the   development  and  implementation  of  regional   common
programmes and  strategies.   A  regional meteorological  programme for  the
Economic  Community of  Western  African  States is  under negotiation  with
development partners. Furthermore, WMO continues to  provide support to  the
national meteorological  and hydrological  services, regional meteorological
training centres and regional specialized meteorological centres of  African
countries through the various scientific and technical programmes of WMO.



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Date last posted: 18 December 1999 16:30:10
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