United Nations

A/50/573


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

17 October 1995

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 32


COOPERATION BETWEEN THE UNITED NATIONS AND
THE ORGANIZATION OF THE ISLAMIC CONFERENCE

Report of the Secretary-General


CONTENTS

  Paragraphs  Page

I.  INTRODUCTION .........................................1 - 23

II.  CONSULTATIONS BETWEEN REPRESENTATIVES OF THE UNITED
  NATIONS AND THE ORGANIZATION OF THE ISLAMIC CONFERENCE
  AND REPRESENTATION AT MEETINGS .......................3 - 83

III.  COORDINATION MEETING OF THE FOCAL POINTS OF THE LEAD
  AGENCIES OF THE UNITED NATIONS SYSTEM AND THE
  ORGANIZATION OF THE ISLAMIC CONFERENCE AND ITS
  SPECIALIZED INSTITUTIONS .............................9 - 194

IV.  FOLLOW-UP ACTION ON RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE MEETINGS
  BETWEEN THE UNITED NATIONS SYSTEM AND THE ORGANIZATION
  OF THE ISLAMIC CONFERENCE AND ITS SPECIALIZED
  INSTITUTIONS .........................................20 - 457

  A.  United Nations Conference on Trade and Development  22 - 238

  B.  Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for
    Refugees .........................................  24 - 288

  C.  Food and Agriculture Organization of the United
    Nations ..........................................  29 - 339




95-31356 (E)   011195/...
*9531356*
 CONTENTS (continued)

  Paragraphs  Page

  D.  United Nations Educational, Scientific and
    Cultural Organization ............................  34 - 4010

  E.  United Nations Environment Programme .............  41 - 4511

V.  COOPERATION IN THE FIELD OF ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND
  CULTURAL DEVELOPMENT .................................46 - 7412

  A.  United Nations Secretariat .......................  46 - 4712

  B.  United Nations Children's Fund ...................  48 - 5312

  C.  United Nations Population Fund ...................  54 - 5513

  D.  United Nations Economic and Social Commission for
    Western Asia .....................................  56 - 6114

  E.  United Nations Economic Commission for Africa ....   6214

  F.  United Nations Relief and Works Agency for
    Palestine Refugees in the Near East ..............   6315

  G.  International Fund for Agricultural Development ..  64 - 6715

  H.  World Intellectual Property Organization .........  68 - 7316

  I.  Other United Nations specialized agencies and
    international organizations ......................   7417

I.  INTRODUCTION


1.  The General Assembly, in its  resolution 49/15 of 25 November 1994, took
note with  satisfaction of  the report of  the Secretary-General  (A/49/465)
and  requested  the United  Nations  and  the  Organization  of the  Islamic
Conference  (OIC)  to  continue  cooperation  in  their  common  search  for
solutions to global problems relating  to international peace  and security,
disarmament,  self-determination,  decolonization, fundamental  human rights
and  economic  and  technical  development.    It  further  encouraged   the
specialized agencies  and other  organizations of the United  Nations system
to continue  to expand  their cooperation with  OIC.   The General  Assembly
also welcomed  the intention of the secretariats of the two organizations to
strengthen cooperation between them in the  political field and to undertake
consultations with a view to defining the mechanisms of such cooperation.

2.  In the same resolution, the  General Assembly noted that the  next focal
point meeting of  the lead agencies of the  United Nations and OIC would  be
held in 1995.  It requested the Secretary-General of the United Nations,  in
cooperation with  the Secretary-General of  OIC, to continue encouraging the
convening of  sectoral meetings  in the  priority areas  of cooperation,  as
recommended  by the previous  meetings of  the two  organizations, including
the  follow-up  to  the  sectoral  meetings.     It  further  requested  the
Secretary-General to report to the General  Assembly at its fiftieth session
on the state of cooperation between the United Nations and OIC.


         II.  CONSULTATIONS BETWEEN REPRESENTATIVES OF THE UNITED NATIONS
              AND THE ORGANIZATION OF THE ISLAMIC CONFERENCE AND 
              REPRESENTATION AT MEETINGS

3.   On  3 October  1994, the  Secretary-General  held  a meeting  at United
Nations  Headquarters with the  Secretary-General of OIC, His Excellency Dr.
Hamid  Al-Ghabid,  to   review  progress  in  cooperation  between  the  two
organizations  and  to  discuss issues  of  mutual interest.    At the  last

general meeting between the  secretariats of the United  Nations and OIC and
its specialized institutions  in May 1994,  the two organizations recognized
the  need to strengthen  cooperation in  the political  field and  agreed to
undertake consultations with one another to  define the mechanisms for  such
cooperation.  To this end,  on 3 October 1994,  a high-level OIC secretariat
delegation met  with  the Department  of  Political  Affairs of  the  United
Nations Secretariat.

4.  On  3 October  1994, the  Ministers for  Foreign Affairs  of the  States
members of  OIC held  their annual  coordination meeting  at United  Nations
Headquarters  to  discuss the  agenda  of  the  forty-ninth  session of  the
General Assembly, in particular  those items of concern and interest to OIC.
In  response to  an  invitation  from OIC,  the  Director of  the West  Asia
Division of the Department of Political Affairs attended the meeting.

5.  The coordination  meeting reviewed the  current international situation,
with particular attention  to the Middle East and the question of Palestine;
Bosnia  and  Herzegovina;  the  Jammu  and  Kashmir  dispute;   Afghanistan;
Somalia;  the conflict  between Armenia and Azerbaijan;  the consequences of
Iraq's incursion and occupation of Kuwait;  the situation pertaining to  the
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya and Security  Council resolution 731  (1992); Cyprus;
and Tajikistan.

6.  At the  invitation of OIC  and the Government of Morocco,  the Assistant
Secretary-General for  Political Affairs  represented the  Secretary-General
of  the United Nations  at the  Twenty-second Islamic  Conference of Foreign
Ministers and the Seventh  Islamic Summit held at  Casablanca from 10  to 14
December  1994. During  the Summit,  the Assistant Secretary-General  held a
meeting with the OIC Secretary-General to  discuss issues of mutual interest
and   ways   of  further   strengthening   cooperation   between   the   two
organizations.

7.   During the period under  review, representatives of OIC participated in
the meetings of the Security Council and of the General Assembly.

8.   Regular consultations were held  and information  exchanged between the
United Nations secretariat  and the general secretariat  of OIC, as well  as
the Office of the  Permanent Observer of OIC to the United Nations.  OIC was
also accorded  observer status in  the United Nations-sponsored  inter-Tajik
talks.


          III.  COORDINATION MEETING OF THE FOCAL POINTS OF THE LEAD
                AGENCIES OF THE UNITED NATIONS SYSTEM AND THE
                ORGANIZATION OF THE ISLAMIC CONFERENCE AND ITS
                SPECIALIZED INSTITUTIONS

9.  Pursuant to  General Assembly resolution 49/15,  a meeting of  the focal
points of  the lead agencies of  the United Nations system  and OIC and  its
specialized  institutions was held  in Geneva  from 19 to 21  June 1995.  In
accordance with  the agreement  between the  coordinating secretariats,  the
meeting addressed the following main agenda items:

  (a)    Review  and  appraisal  of  progress  achieved  and  proposals  for
strengthening cooperation in the nine priority areas:

  (i)  Development of science and technology;

    (ii)  Trade and development;

   (iii)  Technical cooperation;

    (iv)  Assistance to refugees;

     (v)  Food security and agriculture;

    (vi)  Education and eradication of illiteracy;

   (vii)  Investment mechanisms and joint ventures;

  (viii)  Human resources development;

    (ix)  Environment;
    (b)  Other matters:

     (i)  Creation of a new focal point;

    (ii)  Human resources development;

   (iii)  Financing of joint projects.

10.   Representatives of the following departments of the United Nations and
other organizations and agencies of the  United Nations system  participated
in the  meeting:   Department of  Political Affairs;  Department for  Policy
Coordination  and Sustainable  Development (represented  by  UNCTAD); United
Nations  Conference  on  Trade  and  Development  (UNCTAD);  United  Nations
Development Programme (UNDP);  United Nations Environment Programme  (UNEP);
Office of  the United Nations High  Commissioner for  Refugees (UNHCR); Food
and Agriculture  Organization of  the United Nations  (FAO); United  Nations
Educational,  Scientific  and  Cultural  Organization  (UNESCO);  and United
Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO).

11.    Representatives  of  the  following  departments,  organizations  and
institutions  of  OIC participated  in the  meeting:   Islamic  Educational,
Scientific  and  Cultural  Organization  (ISESCO);  Islamic  Foundation  for
Science,   Technology  and   Development   (IFSTAD);  Islamic   Centre   for
Development and Trade (ICDT); Statistical, Economic and  Social Research and
Training  Centre for  Islamic  Countries (SESRTCIC);  Islamic  Institute  of
Technology  (IIT);   Department  of  Science   and  Technology  of  the  OIC
secretariat; Economic  Affairs Department  of the  OIC secretariat;  Islamic
Solidarity Fund  (ISF);  Islamic Chamber  of  Commerce  and Industry  (ICCI)
(observer); Research Centre  for Islamic History, Art and Culture  (IRCICA),
(observer).

12.  Based  on the discussions  in the  meetings, which  centred around  the
working papers  prepared by  the organizations  and agencies  of the  United
Nations  and OIC and  its institutions, the  meeting agreed  to continue and
strengthen cooperation  in the nine priority  areas, as  defined in specific
agreements reached  between the  agencies of  the two  organizations at  the
meeting.    (These  agreements are  contained  in the  final  report of  the
meeting which was transmitted  by the United Nations  Secretariat to all the
agencies of the United Nations and to the OIC secretariat on 29 June 1995.)

13.   With a view  to further strengthening  cooperation between the  United
Nations  and  the  Organization  of  the  Islamic  Conference,  the  meeting
considered the  proposal  by  OIC to  create a  new  priority area  entitled
"Promotion  of development  through intercultural  dialogue" and  agreed  to
recommend   this  proposal  to   the  next   general  meeting   of  the  two
organizations.  The meeting  also noted the decision by OIC to nominate  the
Research Centre  for Islamic  History, Art and  Culture (IRCICA)  to be  the
focal point of OIC for the proposed new priority area.

14.  The meeting noted that the implementation of the decision taken by  the
last general  meeting to strengthen cooperation  in the  political field was
under way and  that contacts had already  been initiated by the  departments
concerned in the two organizations to  define the mechanisms of  cooperation
in this important field.

15.    The  meeting  recommended  that   in  order  to  further   strengthen
cooperation between the two Organizations:

  (a)   Focal points  should consider  exchanging their  work programmes and

might associate each other  in some of their  scheduled activities of mutual
interest;

  (b)   Focal  points should  agree  on medium-term  (three to  five  years)
cooperation programmes, to the extent possible;

  (c)   Cooperation  between  the  United  Nations system  and  OIC and  its
subsidiaries  should be conceived  in the  context of  realizing synergy and
added  value  of  joint  efforts  in   member  States.    Joint  programming
procedures  and timeliness  should be  improved, with due  consideration for
the  involvement  of  other  actors,  be  they  bilateral  or  multilateral,
governmental   or   non-governmental  organizations.      There   should  be
consultations of focal points from both organizations  on programme elements
which have  been approved as priorities  by the  respective governing bodies
and  have resources  earmarked for  them in  1996-1997.   For the  1998-1999
biennium and  beyond  consultations should  be  undertaken  at the  time  of
programme budget preparations;

  (d)  Focal points should formalize their  relations through the signing of
memoranda of understanding;

  (e)  Focal points should incorporate  in their respective work  programmes
the activities, projects and programmes on  which agreement has been reached
for joint implementation;

  (f)    Specific  contact points  should  be  designated  in  each  of  the
participating United  Nations and  OIC institutions.   These contact  points
should be encouraged  to realize at  least one joint activity  between their
respective institutions during the year between the cooperation meetings;

  (g)  A small high-level committee consisting of two  senior officials from
both the United  Nations and OIC should be  established to oversee the  work
of cooperation  between  the United  Nations  and  OIC institutions  and  to
facilitate their work by  providing necessary support  as well as to  remove
any hurdles in the way of the realization of their joint activities.

16.   The meeting  recalled the  decision taken by the  last general meeting
that  a  review,  in  the form  of  monitoring  and  evaluation,  should  be
undertaken  of  the  ways  and means  to  enhance the  actual  mechanisms of
cooperation  between the United  Nations system  and OIC.  To  this end, the
participating United Nations and OIC institutions  were invited to submit to
their  respective coordinators  their suggestions  and observations  on  the
matter, for the purpose  of preparing a consolidated paper to be examined at
the next general meeting.

17.   The meeting expressed the hope that the next  general meeting would be
held in  1996 in order to  take decisions on  the recommendations that  need
urgent  attention,  particularly  the  proposals for  enhancing  cooperation
between the United Nations system and OIC and its subsidiary institutions.

18.   The meeting recommended  that joint activities  and projects should be
partially financed,  as  far as  possible,  by  the concerned  focal  points
and/or  agencies involved.   Additional sources  of financing  might also be
jointly identified.  In that regard, the meeting further recommended that  a
set of basic guidelines for funding  jointly agreed projects and  programmes
should be  developed at the next  general meeting  to operationalize project
funding mechanisms.

19.    Noting  that  the  question  of  financing  of  technical cooperation
activities  supported  by OIC  and  its  subsidiary  bodies  was of  crucial
importance, particularly in view of diminishing international resources  for
official development  assistance, the meeting  underscored the relevance  of
the participation in  periodic consultations between the United Nations  and
OIC of  the Islamic Development Bank, and other funding  institutions in the
Islamic world.   It was  therefore recommended that  a formal invitation  be
regularly extended to such institutions to  attend future joint meetings  of

the two organizations.


      IV.  FOLLOW-UP ACTION ON RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE MEETINGS
           BETWEEN THE UNITED NATIONS SYSTEM AND THE
           ORGANIZATION OF THE ISLAMIC CONFERENCE AND ITS
           SPECIALIZED INSTITUTIONS

20.   It may be recalled that  the United Nations  and OIC established areas
of  priority for  cooperation and  designated organizations and  agencies on
both  sides to  act as  focal points  for follow-up  action which  would  be
required  for  the  implementation  of  recommendations  adopted  by   joint
meetings of  the two organizations.   The organizations and  agencies of the
United  Nations system serving as focal points for  priority areas of action
are as follows:

_________________________________________________________________
_______________
         Organization/agency                             Area               
  _________________________________________________________________
_______________

Department  for  Policy  Coordination  and    Development  of  science   and
technology
Sustainable Development

United Nations Conference on Trade and  Development and trade
Development (UNCTAD)

United Nations Development ProgrammeTechnical cooperation among Islamic
(UNDP)      countries

Office of the United Nations High  Assistance to refugees
Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)


 _________________________________________________________________
_______________
         Organization/agency                             Area               
  _________________________________________________________________
_______________

Food and Agriculture Organization  Food security and agriculture
of the United Nations (FAO)

United Nations Educational, ScientificEducation and eradication of
and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)  illiteracy

United Nations Industrial Development  Investment mechanisms and joint
Organization (UNIDO)  ventures

United Nations Educational, Scientific  Human resources development
and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)

United Nations Environment Programme  Environment
(UNEP)
                                                                           
  


21.  Outlined below  is a summary  of the  reports received from the  United
Nations organizations and agencies serving as  focal points for the priority
areas during the period under review.


A.  United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

22.   The  UNCTAD secretariat  continued  its  cooperation with  the Islamic
Development Bank (IDB) on trade, finance  and transit transport issues.  IDB
requested   the  UNCTAD   secretariat's  assistance   in  the   design   and
implementation  of  privatization  and   enterprise  development  activities
principally for the Central Asian republics.

23.   Within  the framework  of  its  technical assistance  activities,  the
UNCTAD  secretariat  organized  a  symposium  on   the  evaluation  of   the
implications  of the  Uruguay Round  for Arab  countries which  was  held in
Casablanca  from 21  to  23  November 1994  and  which was  attended by  the
Islamic Centre  for the Development of  Trade.  IDB is presently considering
providing financial support for two  UNCTAD technical assistance projects in
East-Central and South-Central Africa.


B.  Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

24.   Within  the framework  of their  cooperation agreement,  UNHCR and OIC
have  continued to expand  their cooperation  in priority  areas relating to
refugees  and global  humanitarian  problems.   Regular meetings  have taken
place between  representatives of the two  organizations both  in Geneva and
in Jeddah.

 25.   UNHCR's participation  at the  Seventh Islamic  Summit constituted  a
step forward  in  the  two  organizations' common  search  for  humanitarian
solutions  and  adequate  responses  to  the  plight  of  various  groups of
refugees in Islamic countries.

26.   As regards  UNHCR's cooperation  with the  specialized institutions of
OIC, a number  of concrete steps have been  taken to implement  the terms of
the  special agreement  signed in  May 1991  between UNHCR  and  the Islamic
Organization for  Education, Science and Culture  (ISESCO).  This  agreement
provides  for  general and  permanent  cooperation,  including  exchange  of
expertise, regular  meetings of  joint  commissions and  mutual benefits  in
staff services.

27.   Similar progress has  also been achieved  in UNHCR's cooperation  with
IDB through the signature  in January 1994 of a cooperation agreement.   The
main objective of  this agreement is to  enhance the cooperation between the
two organizations  in the field of  humanitarian assistance  to refugees and
returnees.  Consultations are  conducted  by  the two  parties  to  identify
projects and  plans designed to assist  refugees and  returnees, focusing on
essential  needs  such  as  settlement,  training,  education,  health   and
development.

28.  Finally, in  the field of  promotion and dissemination of refugee  law,
UNHCR  and  OIC  are  exploring further  opportunities  to  organize jointly
seminars and  conferences on  asylum and  refugee law  in different  Islamic
countries.


C.  Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

29.  A FAO delegation visited OIC headquarters in March 1994,  at which time
OIC reaffirmed its interest in collaborating  closely with FAO and  welcomed
FAO's new Special Programme  on Food Production in  support of food security
in low-income food deficit countries (LIFDCs).   OIC emphasized the  need to
assist  Islamic countries in  Asia and  the new States which  had joined the
organization  (Albania and  Kyrgyzstan).   The FAO  delegation was  informed
that OIC  desired cooperation in sectors  such as  crop forecasting systems,
the Global Information System, soil surveys and mapping.

30.  The Secretary-General of OIC visited FAO  headquarters in June 1994 and
met with  the Director-General to discuss  ways in  which future cooperation
between the two  organizations could  be intensified.  The  Director-General
attended the  Seventh Islamic Summit.   On that occasion, a draft resolution

on  the  World Food  Summit,  to  be  held in  Rome  in  November 1996,  was
presented and endorsed  by the heads of State of OIC member  countries.  FAO
also attended  the Conference of Foreign  Ministers of  OIC member countries
which preceded the Summit.

31.  The  fourth OIC Ministerial  Meeting on Food Security  and Agricultural
Development  was held  in  Tehran  in January  1995.   At  the meeting,  the
Ministers reiterated  their  countries' support  for  the  convening of  the
World Food  Summit and agreed to take more concrete  steps towards enhancing
cooperation between OIC, its specialized institutions and FAO.

32.  FAO was  also represented at OIC meetings  which took place  in Turkey,
namely the meeting of National Focal  Points for Technical Cooperation among
Islamic Countries  (13-16 May 1994) and  the Standing  Committee on Economic
and Commercial  Matters, attended by the  OIC Ministers  of Economic Affairs
(22-24 October 1994).

33.  The Director-General of the  Statistical, Economic and Social  Research
and  Training   Centre  for   Islamic  Countries   (SESRTCIC)  visited   FAO
headquarters in September 1994.


          D.  United Nations Educational, Scientific
              and Cultural Organization

34.   UNESCO continues  to cooperate with  OIC mainly  through the  latter's
specialized  agencies -  the Islamic  Educational, Scientific  and  Cultural
Organization (ISESCO) and the Research Centre  for Islamic History, Art  and
Culture  (IRCICA) -  through  a  series  of joint  activities.   During  the
present biennium  (1994-1995) UNESCO increased  its cooperation with  ISESCO
in the fields of education, culture, science and social science.

35.  In the field of education, ISESCO  participated in the following  major
meetings of UNESCO:

  (a)  Second session  of the Advisory Committee  of the Regional  Programme
for   the  Universalization  and   Renewal  of  Primary  Education  and  the
Eradication of  Adult Illiteracy in the  Arab States  (ARABUPEAL II) (Cairo,
5-8 June 1994);

  (b)  Fifth Conference of Ministers of  Education and those Responsible for
Economic Planning in the Arab States (Cairo, 11-14 June 1994);

  (c)   Regional Preparatory  Meeting for  the forty-fourth  session of  the
International  Conference   on  Education  on   the  theme  "Appraisal   and
perspective  of  education  for  international  understanding  in  the  Arab
region" (Tunisia, 25-28 April 1994);

  (d)    Regional  meeting  on  following   up  the  implementation  of  the
recommendations of the Conference of Ministers  of Education of Arab  Member
States (MINEDARAB) (Amman, 12-14 March 1995);

  (e)   Regional Expert Meeting for  Developing Exemplary  Curricula for the
Secondary Level in Human Rights and Democracy (Rabat, 25-28 April 1995).

36.   During 1995,  UNESCO and  ISESCO are  undertaking joint activities  in
basic education for children of disadvantaged  groups with emphasis on girls
and women.  ISESCO is expected to  participate in  UNESCO meetings scheduled
for the last part of 1995.

37.  An agreement was signed on  1 June 1995 at UNESCO  headquarters between
UNESCO and ISESCO  with a view to implementing  joint activities in the  OIC
member  countries in the  field of education  in 1995  and 1996-1997 through
the UNESCO Regional Office for Education in the Arab States (UNEDBAS).

38.  In the field of  culture, joint activities are being  undertaken in the

areas  of museum  preservation of cultural heritage  and Arabic manuscripts,
including copyright, and the preparation of  the work on various  aspects of
Islamic  culture.  A  joint UNESCO-ISESCO  meeting was  organized on  5 June
1995 in Rabat on  the question of the  preservation of the cultural heritage
of Jerusalem.

39.   In the  field of  science, several  areas of cooperation  with ISESCO,
such  as biotechnology and  distance education,  have been  identified.  The
least  developed  member  States of  ISESCO  participated  in  meetings  and
training  courses  organized by  UNESCO.    During the  UNESCO-ISESCO  joint
committee to  be  held in  November  1995,  modalities of  cooperation  with
ISESCO will  be discussed  for the  implementation of  the following  ISESCO
proposals:     subregional  seminar  on   the  conservation  of   biological
biodiversity and  a  training course  in  solar  electricity for  rural  and
remote areas.

40.    In the  field  of  social  science,  UNESCO  is  planning to  hold  a
colloquium  at  the  Hassan  II  Mosque  in  Casablanca  bringing   together
representatives  of youth  NGOs, teachers  and religious officials  from the
Mediterranean   countries  with   a   view  to   launching  an   appeal  for
reconciliation among peoples, cultures, languages and religions.


E.  United Nations Environment Programme

41.  The United Nations Environment  Programme, through its Regional  Office
for West  Asia  (UNEP/ROWA), has  continued  its  cooperation with  the  OIC
secretariat and some of its specialized institutions.

42.  In 1993 the OIC Islamic Foundation  for Science and Technology (IFSTAD)
and UNEP/ROWA collaborated in  the preparation of  a report on the state  of
the environment in OIC member countries, which was submitted to the  twenty-
first Islamic  Conference  of Foreign  Ministers.   The Ministers  expressed
appreciation for  the  efforts of  the  OIC  secretariat and  IFSTAD,  which
provided the framework for cooperation among  Islamic countries in the field
of environment and sustainable development.

43.   As  a  follow-up  to this,  UNEP,  through ROWA,  has  commissioned  a
consultant to assist  IFSTAD to prepare a programme of action, following the
recommendations of  the Second  United Nations-Organization  of the  Islamic
Conference sectoral meeting on science and technology with special  emphasis
on  environment.  The preparation  of this programme of  action is presently
under way.

44.   In capacity-building,  UNEP and  the Statistical,  Economic and Social
Research Training Centre for Islamic Countries  (SESRTCIC) of OIC convened a
workshop on natural resource  accounting in Ankara from 12 to 14 June  1995.
This is envisaged to  be a first step  in a long-term  collaboration between
UNEP  and  SESRTCIC in  Ankara in  the area  of environmental  economics and
natural  resource  accounting,  which  is  a  priority  activity  for   both
institutions.   Following the workshop,  future activities will be discussed
by UNEP representatives and the management of the Centre.

45.   Also in  the capacity-building  area, UNEP/ROWA  assisted the  Islamic
Development Bank in  conducting an environmental impact assessment  workshop
for West Asia, in Amman in  1994.  The seminar was conducted in Arabic and a
similar  workshop  is  scheduled  jointly  with  the  UNEP  Environment  and
Economics Unit for the French-speaking Islamic  countries in Africa in 1995.
Future   joint  activities  in   this  respect   will  be   the  subject  of
consultations for 1995 and the 1996-1997 biennium.


                 V.  COOPERATION IN THE FIELD OF ECONOMIC, SOCIAL
                     AND CULTURAL DEVELOPMENT

A.  United Nations Secretariat

                               
Department for Development Support and Management Services

46.   In November 1994, the Under-Secretary-General  for Development Support
and Management  Services met with the  Director-General of the  Statistical,
Economic  and  Social  Research and  Training Centre  for  Islamic Countries
(SESRTCIC) and  the  head of  its  Technical  Cooperation Department.    The
discussions focused on  promoting further technical cooperation between  the
Department and OIC.  The Department's  Division of Public Administration and
Development  Management   is  also   making  initial   contacts  with   IDB.
Negotiations  are currently  taking place  on  a  project to  strengthen the
administrative infrastructure of the city of  Sarajevo.  There is  potential
IDB  support for  this  project, formulated  by  the  Department's technical
advisers.

Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis

47.   The  Department organizes  meetings  in  which representatives  of OIC
participate.    For  example,  the workshop  on  environmental  and  natural
resources accounting (June  1995) organized  by the Statistical Division  of
the Department and UNEP was hosted by SESRTCIC in Ankara. 


B.  United Nations Children's Fund

48.   OIC held an international  symposium on child rights and child care in
Islam from  28  to  30  June  1994  at  OIC headquarters  in  Jeddah.    The
conference was  in  response  to the  decision taken  at  the Sixth  Islamic
Summit, held in Dakar  in December 1991, in its resolution No. 2/6-C,  which
the  Twenty-first Islamic  Conference  of Foreign  Ministers  reaffirmed  in
Karachi, Pakistan, in April 1993.

49.  The symposium had  the following main objectives:   (a) to promote  the
ratification of  the Convention on the Rights of the Child by all OIC member
countries.  Before the symposium, 10  OIC member countries had  not ratified
the  Convention; following  the conference,  the Islamic  Republic of  Iran,
Qatar, Turkey,  Malaysia  and Kyrgyzstan  proceeded  to  ratify it;  (b)  to
prepare a  draft declaration on child  rights and child  care in Islam,  for
endorsement by  the Twenty-second  Islamic Conference  of Foreign  Ministers
and ultimately  by the  next  Islamic  Summit; (c)  to call  for  high-level
political  commitment to  the promise  made to  children;  (d) to  study the
current  implementation   status  of  national   work  plans  and   national
programmes of  action for children, emanating  from the  Declaration for the
Survival, Protection  and  Development of  Children,  adopted  by the  World
Summit for Children in 1990.
  50.   The Seventh Islamic Summit  made important  commitments to children.
It endorsed  the Jeddah Declaration  on the Rights and Care  of the Child in
Islam, and  approved a resolution  that reflects the  priorities set by  the
Convention  on the Rights  of the  Child and the World  Summit for Children.
UNICEF  warmly welcomed  these commitments  by the  member States of  OIC as
they  will ensure a better future for all the  children of the Islamic Ummah
(nation).   The  Declaration on the  Rights and Care  of the Child  in Islam
marked the first occasion  that an OIC Summit had approved a declaration  on
children.

51.  The meeting also provided an occasion for representatives of UNICEF  to
meet with  most heads  of delegation,  as well  as with  the OIC  Secretary-
General.   The opportunity  was taken  to press heads of  State and official
delegations to  ratify the  Convention on the  Rights of the  Child or,  for
those States that had already done so, to implement the Convention.

52.   The meeting,  with its wide  range of participants  from countries  at
different levels of  socio-economic development, provided an opportunity  to
congratulate  countries  such as  Brunei Darussalam  for having  attained an
under-five  mortality  rate of  10  per  1,000, the  lowest  among  the  OIC
countries. It  also provided  an opportunity  for UNICEF  to compliment  the

leaders of  countries  such as  Malaysia  and  Egypt for  their  outstanding
achievements  on behalf  of children,  compared with  their overall economic
position  as  suggested  by their  per  capita  GNP.    Furthermore,  it was
possible to extend  encouragement to some countries  in West Africa and  the
Sahel that  are confronting major difficulties  but nevertheless are  making
laudable  efforts  in  specific fields,  such  as  sustainability of  health
activities  through  community   financing,  better  known  as  the   Bamako
Initiative, and immunization.

53.   UNICEF  has  continued  to work  closely with  the OIC  secretariat to
promote  child survival and  development in  the Islamic  world, and special
efforts will continue to  be made to encourage  member States to  ratify the
Convention on the Rights of the Child.


C.  United Nations Population Fund

54.   UNFPA  is  committed  under  its 1982  memorandum  on cooperation  and
liaison  with  OIC  to  promote  awareness   of  the  social,  economic  and
environmental  implications   of  national   and  international   population
problems, and to extend systematic and  sustainable assistance to OIC member
States, at  their request, in dealing  with their population problems.  Such
assistance  is   mainly  provided  for   activities  relating  directly   to
population policy  formulation and  implementation including  the taking  of
population  censuses,  the improvement  of  registration  of  vital  events,
population surveys, research (particularly on matters relevant to  decision-
making  and  action  programmes  within  the  UNFPA  mandate),  training  of
personnel,  strengthening  population policy  units  in  Governments,  basic
education and population education to meet the needs of girls and women,  as
well as reproductive  health and  child-spacing services,  and meetings  and
seminars  on  the  interrelationships   of  population  and   socio-economic
development.

55.   UNFPA is continuing  to play a catalytic role  in assisting the member
States  of OIC to  develop common  projects using  the technical cooperation
among developing  countries (TCDC)  model of  cooperation and  strengthening
its   collaboration  with   regional   institutions  and   the   specialized
institutions of OIC in areas of mutual interest.


                 D.  United Nations Economic and Social Commission
                     for Western Asia

56.   Within the framework of  continuing cooperation between ESCWA and OIC,
a number of joint activities were implemented in  the ESCWA region with  the
support of OIC's specialized institutions.

57.   In  the field  of industrial  development, ESCWA  participated in  the
United Nations/Organization of  the Islamic Conference general meeting  held
in  Geneva from 9 to 11 May 1994.  Follow-up  contacts are being carried out
by the ESCWA secretariat on this issue. 

58.    A   memorandum  of  understanding   pertaining  to   water  resources
development  and management  matters  between ESCWA  and  the  Inter-Islamic
Network on  Water Resources Development and  Management (INWRDM)  of the OIC
Committee for Science and Technology was signed on 7 December 1994.   Within
the  framework  of this  cooperative  arrangement,  a training  workshop was
organized by INWRDM at  the Al-Bayt University (Jordan)  from 18 to 19 March
1995, in which ESCWA participated.

59.    A  high-level  workshop  on  the implications  of  new  and  advanced
materials  technologies  was  held  at  the  Arab  School  for  Science  and
Technology in  Damascus in September 1992,  in cooperation  with the Islamic
Development   Bank  and   other  national   and  international  institutions
concerned with science and technology.

60.   A  project  document  on assessment  of water  resources in  the ESCWA
region using remote  sensing techniques was  prepared in  1994 by the  ESCWA
secretariat. The project  is financed by  ESCWA and  IDB, as  well as  other
United  Nations agencies.   It  is  now under  implementation by  the  ESCWA
secretariat in its capacity as co-financing and executing agency.

61.  A high-level  workshop on the integration  of science and technology in
the development planning  process was  held in  Amman in  September 1993  in
cooperation  with the Higher  Council for  Science and  Technology of Jordan
and  the  Islamic   Foundation  for  Science,  Technology  and   Development
(IFSTAD).


E.  United Nations Economic Commission for Africa

62.  Since 1989,  several divisions of  ECA have either been exploring  ways
of cooperating  or have  been actively  collaborating  with OIC  specialized
institutions  such  as  the Islamic  Development  Bank  (IDB),  the  Islamic
Research  and  Training Institute  (IRTI) of  IDB, the  Islamic Educational,
Scientific and  Cultural Organization  (ISESCO) and  the Islamic  Foundation
for Science, Technology and Development (IFSTAD).   During the period  1994-
1995, the following activities were carried out or are envisaged:

   (a)  Science  and technology.   ECA is  seeking further cooperation  with
OIC  through  the  implementation   of  concrete  projects   such  as  those
identified by  the  North African  Working  Group  of the  Intergovernmental
Committee of Experts for Science and Technology Development;

  (b)    Pan-African  Development  Information System  (PADIS).    PADIS has
fruitful  relations  with  ISESCO,  IDB  and  IRTI.    PADIS representatives
usually attend meetings of IDB and  possibilities of cooperation with ISESCO
and IRTI in exchanging  information and data related to development are  now
being studied;

  (c)  Industry and  human settlements.  Two seminars on the improvement  of
leather  products were  organized  jointly by  ECA  and  IDB.   For  French-
speaking countries, a seminar took place in March 1995 in Tangier  (Morocco)
and a  seminar for English-speaking countries  was held  in Khartoum (Sudan)
in  July 1995.   Two other seminars are to  be held, on irrigation equipment
and low-cost housing.


             F.  United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine
                 Refugees in the Near East

63.  UNRWA has maintained a  cooperative working relationship with OIC since
1987.  UNRWA officials  at various levels meet  periodically in Jeddah  with
the  OIC Assistant-Secretary-General  for  Palestine and  Al-Quds  and  with
other OIC  secretariat staff.   On  27 and  28 June 1995,  the Commissioner-
General of UNRWA attended the First Meeting of the Group of Eminent  Persons
convened  by OIC  in Jeddah.   UNRWA  keeps  OIC  regularly informed  of its
activities  and programmes  through public  information and  other  material
sent to the secretariat.  The  Agency also maintains contact with  IDB.  The
Agency appreciates the generous contributions made  by OIC member States  to
UNRWA's  regular budget  and to  special  assistance  programmes as  well as
OIC's  ongoing support for  the Agency's  efforts to  provide basic services
and humanitarian aid to Palestine refugees.


G.  International Fund for Agricultural Development

64.  IFAD and OIC  have continued to invite each other to attend  high-level
meetings of their respective organizations as  observers.  During the period
under review, IFAD participated in the  fourth OIC Ministerial Conference on
Food Security and Agricultural Development held  in Tehran in January  1995.
The final  document of this conference  noted with  appreciation the efforts

being made  by IFAD  in  the area  of agricultural  development and  poverty
alleviation  in   the  developing  countries,   especially  in  OIC   member
countries.   The  conference urged  OIC member  States  which  have not  yet
announced their pledges to the Fourth Replenishment of IFAD Resources to  do
so  at  their earliest  convenience.   Of  the  resolutions adopted  by  the
conference, at least  three of them specifically asked IFAD and other United
Nations  programmes and agencies  to cooperate  with the  OIC secretariat in
the  implementation  of  OIC  resolutions  related   to  food  security  and
agricultural development.

65.   IFAD  has maintained  periodic contacts  with SESRTCIC.   During  this
period a delegation  from SESRTCIC  headed by  its Director-General  visited
Rome  in  September  1994  and  held  fruitful  discussions  with  the  IFAD
management.  An IFAD mission visited Ankara in March 1995 and discussed  the
enhancement  of  cooperation  with the  management.    The two  institutions
decided  to  jointly organize  a  regional  workshop  for  the promotion  of
technical cooperation  in  agricultural and  rural  development  of the  OIC
member  countries in  Africa.   The main  objectives of  the workshop, which
will be  held before the  end of  1995, would be to  identify and understand
the specific needs  and capacities of  technical cooperation in agricultural
and rural development  of the African OIC  member countries and to  identify
focal points in this field and  strengthen their capacities for  undertaking
the   work  of   technical  cooperation.     Eighteen   countries  will   be
participating.

66.   IFAD has continued to  maintain close cooperation with IDB.  They hold
annual consultations  to review  ongoing joint  efforts and  to plan  future
activities.  During  the nineteenth annual meeting of the Board of Governors
of IDB  held in Jeddah  in November  1994, IFAD's delegation  also discussed
with  IDB  management  the  opportunities   for  co-financing  in   the  New
Independent  States.  They further  agreed  to  cooperate  in  the field  of
research on saline water for agricultural purposes.

67.   IFAD and IDB also collaborate  in financing projects in the OIC member
countries.  As  of December 1994, 13 IFAD  projects had been co-financed  by
IDB.  Of these projects,  totalling US$  485 million,  IFAD loans  amount to
more than US$  247.9 million and those of IDB  amount to more than US$  81.9
million.


H.  World Intellectual Property Organization

68.   Among the  nine priority  areas that  have been identified  at general
meetings of  the United Nations and OIC, WIPO is particularly concerned with
development of science and technology and human resources development.

69.   In this context, WIPO undertook a series of consultations with OIC and
its  affiliates,  namely the  Islamic  Development  Bank (IDB),  the Islamic
Educational, Scientific and  Cultural Organization (ISESCO) and the  Islamic
Foundation for  Science, Technology  and Development  (IFSTAD), designed  to
create a mechanism for regular and effective cooperation.

70.   Following  the signing  in 1992  of an  agreement which  provided  the
framework   and  procedures   for   cooperation  between   OIC   and   WIPO,
consultations  continued   with  a   view  to   undertaking  several   joint
activities.   In January  1994, representatives  from IDB and  IFSTAD met in
Geneva  with  WIPO  officials  and  discussed  the  strengthening  of  their
cooperation.   As a  first step,  they agreed  to co-organize a  workshop on
industrial property licensing and technology transfer arrangements.  In  the
field of  copyright, the  Director-General of ISESCO had  consultations with
WIPO officials  during meetings  of the  WIPO Governing  Bodies in  November
1993  and agreed  to organize  a  number of  activities in  1994, including,
inter  alia,  a  seminar on  copyright  for  French-speaking  countries,  in
Morocco, in October 1994.

71.  WIPO also  organized, jointly with ISESCO, a meeting in Rabat from 5 to

7 October 1994 to  generate awareness of the importance of the protection of
copyright  and  associated rights  in  the  member  States of  ISESCO.   The
meeting was attended by member States of the two organizations.

72.    A  WIPO  official participated  in  and  lectured  at  the  Technical
Cooperation Meeting of  Patent Authorities in the  Arab Member States of the
Organization  of  the Islamic  Conference,  which  took  place  in Cairo  in
February 1995.  This meeting was organized by IFSTAD and IDB in  cooperation
with the Academy of Scientific Research and Technology (ASRT) of Egypt.

73.   In order to further translate their undertaking into concrete policies
for  the  promotion of  awareness  and  improvement  of  the protection  and
effective use of intellectual property by  member countries of OIC, WIPO and
OIC  plan  to  focus  their  policies  on  three  priority  sectors, namely:
development   of   human  resources,   use   of   patent   information   and
documentation,   and  the   reinforcement  of   the  intellectual   property
infrastructure.


          I.  Other United Nations specialized agencies and international
              organizations

74.  The World Food Programme  (WFP), the International Labour  Organization
(ILO), the International  Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), the  Universal
Postal  Union  (UPU),  the  World  Meteorological  Organization  (WMO),  the
International Maritime Organization  (IMO) and the World Trade  Organization
conveyed information to  the Secretariat on their programmes and  activities
in OIC member States over the course of the year.


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Date last posted: 18 December 1999 16:30:10
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