United Nations

A/50/513


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

5 October 1995

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 73


THE RISK OF NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION IN THE MIDDLE EAST

Report of the Secretary-General


1.   At its  forty-ninth session,  the General  Assembly adopted  resolution
49/78 of  15 December 1994  entitled "The risk  of nuclear proliferation  in
the  Middle  East",  the  operative part  of  which,  inter alia,  reads  as
follows:

  "The General Assembly,

    "...

  "1.  Calls upon  Israel and all other  States of the region  that are  not
yet party to the  Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons not  to
develop, produce,  test or  otherwise acquire  nuclear weapons, to  renounce
possession of nuclear weapons and to accede to the Treaty;"

  "2.  Calls upon the  States of the region that have  not done so  to place
all   their  nuclear   facilities  under   full-scope  safeguards   of   the
International Atomic  Energy  Agency  as  an  important  confidence-building
measure among  all States  of the  region and  as a  step towards  enhancing
peace and security;"

  "3.  Requests the Secretary-General  to report to the  General Assembly at
its fiftieth session on the implementation of the present resolution;

  "..."

2.  This  report is being  submitted pursuant  to paragraph  3 of the  above
resolution.  Apart from the material  forwarded by the International  Atomic
Energy  Agency  (see  annex), the  Secretary-General  has  not  received any
additional information  since  the submission  of  his  last report  on  the
subject (A/49/652) to the General Assembly at its forty-ninth session.



95-30009 (E)   131095/...
*9530009*
  ANNEX

Resolution GC(39)RES/24 of 22 September 1995 of the General
Conference of the International Atomic Energy Agency


  The General Conference,

(a)  Recognizing the importance of  the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons
- both  globally  and regionally  -  in  enhancing international  peace  and
security,

(b)   Mindful  of the  usefulness of  the Agency's  safeguards system  as  a
reliable means of verification of the peaceful uses of nuclear energy,

(c)  Concerned by the grave consequences, endangering  peace and security of
the presence  in the  Middle East region  of nuclear  activities not  wholly
devoted to peaceful purposes,

(d)   Welcoming the initiatives  regarding the establishment  of a zone free
of all  weapons  of mass  destruction,  including  nuclear weapons,  in  the
Middle East and recent initiatives regarding arms control in the region,

(e)    Recognizing  that  full  realization  of  these  objectives  would be
promoted by participation of all States of the region,

(f)   Commending the  efforts of  the Agency  concerning the  application of
safeguards in the  Middle East and the positive  response of some States  in
concluding a full-scope safeguards agreement, and

  (g)  Recalling its resolution GC(XXXVIII)/RES/21.

1.     Takes   note  of   the   Director   General's  report   in   document
GOV/2825/GC(39)/20;

2.   Affirms the urgent need for  all States in the Middle East to forthwith
accept the application of full-scope Agency  safeguards to all their nuclear
activities as an  important confidence-building measure among all States  in
the region and as a  step in enhancing peace and security in the context  of
the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone (NWFZ);

3.  Calls upon all  parties directly concerned to  consider seriously taking
the practical and appropriate steps required  for the implementation of  the
proposal to  establish a  mutually and  effectively verifiable  NWFZ in  the
region,  and  invites  the   countries  to  adhere   to  international  non-
proliferation  regimes, including  the Treaty  on the  Non-Proliferation  of
Nuclear Weapons, as a  means of complementing  participation in a zone  free
of all weapons of  mass destruction in the  Middle East and of strengthening
peace and security in the region;

4.  Takes note of the importance of the ongoing bilateral Middle East  peace
negotiations and  the activities of the  multilateral working  group on Arms
Control and  Regional Security  in promoting mutual confidence  and security
in the  Middle East,  including establishment  of a  NWFZ, and calls  on the
Director General, as requested by the  participants, to render all necessary
assistance to the working group in promoting that objective;

5.  Requests the  Director General to continue consultations with the States
of the Middle East to facilitate  the early application of full-scope Agency
safeguards to  all  nuclear activities  in the  region  as  relevant to  the
preparation  of   model  agreements,  as  a   necessary  step  towards   the
establishment  of  a  NWFZ  in  the   region,  referred  to  in   resolution
GC(XXXVII)/RES/627;

6.  Calls upon  all States in the region to extend their fullest cooperation
to  the Director General in the fulfilment of the  tasks entrusted to him in
the preceding paragraph;

7.  Further calls upon all  States in the region to take measures, including
confidence-building and verification measures, aimed at establishing a  NFWZ
in the Middle East;

8.     Calls  upon  all  other  States,  especially  those  with  a  special
responsibility for  the maintenance of  international peace and security, to
render  all  assistance  to   the  Director  General   by  facilitating  the
implementation of this resolution; and

9.  Requests  the Director General to submit  to the Board of Governors  and
to the General  Conference at its fortieth regular  session a report on  the
implementation of this resolution and to  include in the provisional  agenda
for that session  an item entitled  "Application of  IAEA safeguards in  the
Middle East".


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