United Nations

A/50/505


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

4 October 1995

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 112 (a)


HUMAN RIGHTS QUESTIONS:  IMPLEMENTATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS
INSTRUMENTS

             Effective implementation of international instruments on
             human rights, including reporting obligations under
international instruments on human rights

Note by the Secretary-General


  The Secretary-General has the honour to  transmit to the General  Assembly
the report of the  sixth meeting of persons chairing the human rights treaty
bodies,  convened  pursuant  to  General Assembly  resolution  49/178  of 23
December 1994.























95-29903 (E)   251095/...
*9529903*
 ANNEX

Report of the sixth meeting of persons chairing the
human rights treaty bodies


I.  INTRODUCTION

1.   Since the adoption of resolution 37/44 on 3  December 1982, the General
Assembly  has continuously kept  under review  the problems  relating to the
effective  implementation  of international  instruments  on  human  rights,
including reporting  obligations under  international  instruments on  human
rights.   Those problems  have also  received careful  attention during  the
various sessions  of the treaty  bodies, at some  of the  meetings of States
parties and  at meetings  of other  organs such  as the Economic  and Social
Council and the Commission on Human Rights.

2.  Pursuant to  General Assembly resolution 38/117 of 16 December 1983, the
Secretary-General  convened the first  meeting of  the persons  chairing the
bodies  entrusted with the  consideration of  State party  reports in August
1984.  The report of  that meeting was presented to  the General Assembly at
its thirty-ninth session (A/39/484, annex).   The second, third, fourth  and
fifth  meetings  were convened  by  the  Secretary-General in  October 1988,
October  1990,  October  1992 and  September  1994.   The  reports of  those
meetings were  presented to the Assembly  at its forty-fourth,  forty-fifth,
forty-seventh  and  forty-ninth  sessions  (in  the  annexes  of   documents
A/44/98, A/45/636, A/47/628 and A/49/537, respectively).

3.   In its  resolution 49/178  of 23  December 1994,  the General  Assembly
welcomed the  submission  of  the report  of the  fifth  meeting of  persons
chairing  the human  rights treaty  bodies, held  at Geneva  from 19  to  23
September 1994, and took note of the  conclusions and recommendations in the
report;  welcomed  the continuing  efforts  by  the  treaty  bodies and  the
Secretary-General, within their  respective spheres of competence, aimed  at
streamlining, rationalizing  and otherwise  improving reporting  procedures;
requested that the Secretary-General take the  appropriate steps in order to
finance, as  of 1995, annual meetings  of persons chairing  the human rights
treaty  bodies from the  available resources  of the  regular budget  of the
United  Nations; and  decided to continue giving  priority consideration, at
its  fiftieth  session,  to  the  conclusions  and  recommendations  of  the
meetings of persons  chairing human  rights treaty bodies,  in the light  of
the  deliberations  of  the  Commission  on  Human  Rights,  under  the item
entitled "Human rights questions".  The Commission  on Human Rights, in  its
resolution 1995/92,  welcomed the  request by  the General  Assembly to  the
Secretary-General to take appropriate steps to  finance, as of 1995,  annual
meetings of persons chairing the human  rights treaty bodies from  available
resources of the regular budget of the United Nations.

4.   The sixth meeting of  persons chairing the  human rights treaty  bodies
was  convened  by   the  Secretary-General  pursuant  to  General   Assembly
resolution 49/178. 


 II.  ORGANIZATION OF THE MEETING

5.   The meeting was held at the United Nations Office  at Geneva from 18 to
22 September  1995.   The  following  representatives  of the  human  rights
treaty  bodies  attended:    Mr. Philip  Alston  (Chairperson,  Committee on
Economic, Social  and Cultural Rights),  Ms. Akila Belembaogo  (Chairperson,
Committee on  the  Rights of  the  Child),  Ms. Ivanka  Corti  (Chairperson,
Committee on  the Elimination of Discrimination  against Women), Mr.  Alexis
Dipanda-Mouelle  (Chairperson,  Committee  against Torture),  Mr.  Omran  El
Shafei (Vice-Chairperson,  Human Rights  Committee) and   Mr.  Ivan Garvalov
(Chairperson, Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination).

6.  Representatives of the following  United Nations bodies and  specialized
agencies  attended  the   meeting:    the  United  Nations  Children's  Fund
(UNICEF), the  Office of the United  Nations High  Commissioner for Refugees

(UNHCR), the  International Labour  Organization (ILO),  the United  Nations
Educational, Scientific  and Cultural  Organization (UNESCO)  and the  World
Health Organization  (WHO).  The  Council of Europe  was represented  by the
President of  the European  Commission on  Human Rights  and a judge  of the
European  Court  of Human  Rights.  The  Latin  American  Institute for  the
Prevention  of Crime and  the Treatment  of Offenders  was also represented.
In   addition,   representatives   of    the   following    non-governmental
organizations  attended:    American  Association  for  the  Advancement  of
Science, Amnesty International,  Article 19, Association for the  Prevention
of  Torture, Baha'i  International  Community,  International Commission  of
Jurists,  International  Women's  Rights  Action  Watch,  NGO Group  on  the
Convention  of  the  Rights  of   the  Child,  World   Organization  against
Torture/SOS Torture.

7.  The agenda for the meeting was as follows:

  1.  Opening of the meeting.

     2.  Election of the officers of the meeting.

     3.  Adoption of the agenda.

     4.  Organizational and other matters.

5.Review of recent developments relating to the work of the treaty bodies.

  6.   Improving the operation of the human rights treaty bodies.

  7.  Gender perspectives in the work of the treaty bodies.

  8.Prevention  of human  rights  violations, including  early  warning  and
urgent procedures.

  9.  Assistance to States in implementing Committee recommendations.

  10.  Adoption of the report.

 8.  The following documentation was made available to the participants:

  (a)  Provisional agenda and annotations (HRI/MC/1995/1);

  (b)Report  of  the  Secretary-General on  improving the  operation  of the
human rights treaty bodies (HRI/MC/1995/2);

  (c)Report  of the  Secretary-General on  the status  of the  international
instruments and the general situation of overdue reports (HRI/MC/1994/3);

  (d)Reports of the fourth and fifth meetings of persons chairing the  human
rights treaty bodies (A/47/628, annex and A/49/537, annex);

  (e)Report by  the Committee  on the Elimination of  Discrimination against
Women to the Fourth World Conference on Women (A/CONF.177/7);

  (f)Report of the Main Committee containing  the draft Platform for  Action
of the  Fourth World  Conference on  Women (A/CONF.177/L.5  and addenda  and
corrigenda);

  (g)Interim report  on  the updated  study  by  the independent  expert  on
enhancing the  long-term effectiveness  of the United  Nations human  rights
treaty regime (A/CONF.157/PC/62/Add.11/Rev.1);

  (h)Vienna  statement  of the  international  human  rights  treaty  bodies
(A/CONF.157/TBB/4 and Add.1);

  (i)Vienna  Declaration  and  Programme  of  Action  adopted by  the  World
Conference onHuman Rights on25 June 1993(A/CONF.157/24 (PartI), chap. III);

  (j)Compilation of general comments and general recommendations adopted  by
human rights treaty bodies (HRI/GEN/1/Rev.1);

  (k)Preparation of a plan  of action for a  United Nations decade for human
rights  education:   report of  the Secretary-General  (A/49/261 and  Add.1-
E/1994/110 and Add.1);

  (l)Report of an expert group meeting on  the development of guidelines for
the  integration of  gender perspectives  into United  Nations human  rights
activities and  programmes, held  at Geneva  from 3 to  7 July  1995 (to  be
issued as a United Nations document);

  (m)  General Assembly resolution 49/178;

  (n)Commission on  Human Rights resolutions  1995/18, 1995/22, 1995/80  and
1995/92.

9.   The following informal  working documents  were also made  available to
the participants:

   (a)Recommendations  for advisory  services  and technical  assistance  by
treaty bodies:  compilation prepared by the Secretariat;

  (b)Actions being  taken regarding  recommendations made  by treaty  bodies
for  advisory  services and  technical  assistance  in  the  field of  human
rights:  compilation prepared by the Secretariat;

  (c)Status  of the  international human  rights instruments:    compilation
prepared by the Secretariat;

  (d)Status  of  State  party  reports  to  be  submitted  to  the principal
international  human  rights  instruments:    compilation  prepared  by  the
Secretariat;

  (e)Incorporation  of a  gender perspective  into  the  work of  the United
Nations human rights regime:  working paper prepared by the Secretariat;

  (f)Recommendations  on human  rights education:   note  by the Independent
Commission on Human Rights Education.

10.   The  meeting was  opened by  Mr.  Ibrahima Fall,  Assistant Secretary-
General for  Human Rights, who addressed the chairpersons.   On 21 September
1995, Mr. Jose Ayala-Lasso, the United  Nations High Commissioner for  Human
Rights, addressed the meeting.

11.    Ms.  Akila  Belembaogo  was  elected  Chairperson-Rapporteur  of  the
meeting.

12.  On 22  September 1995, the chairpersons  considered the draft report of
their  sixth meeting.   The  report, as  amended during  the course  of  the
meeting, was adopted unanimously by the chairpersons.


             III.  REVIEW OF DEVELOPMENTS RELATING TO THE WORK OF THE
                   TREATY BODIES

13.   Under  this agenda  item,  the  chairpersons provided  information  on
recent activities  of  the treaty  bodies  they  represented.   Among  other
developments,  the   chairpersons  referred  to   their  meeting  with   the
Secretary-General on  19 June 1995  and expressed satisfaction regarding its
outcome. 

14.  Regarding State party reports, it was  noted that improvements had been
seen in the  quality of  a number of  reports submitted  as well  as in  the
methods  for  the  formulation  of concluding  observations  adopted  by the
treaty bodies  following their consideration of  those reports.  It was also

noted  that,  due to  the  increasing  workload  facing  the treaty  bodies,
requests for additional meeting time had  been made to the  General Assembly
by  the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural  Rights and the Committee
on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women.  The Chairperson of  the
Committee  on the Rights  of the Child informed  the other chairpersons that
increased meeting time  for the Committee  on the  Rights of  the Child  had
been approved by the General Assembly in December 1994.
  15.   The chairpersons  discussed developments  in the  working methods of
the  treaty  bodies  to  monitor  the  implementation  of  their  respective
treaties by  States  parties.    It was  noted  that  the Committee  on  the
Elimination of Racial  Discrimination has had  success in encouraging States
parties to comply  with their  reporting obligations  through the  procedure
developed  by  the Committee  to  examine  the  situations  in States  whose
reports were seriously overdue.  It was also reported that the Committee  on
Economic, Social and Cultural  Rights had recently begun to examine, on  the
basis of all available  information, the implementation of the International
Covenant on Economic,  Social and Cultural Rights in States parties that had
submitted no reports to the Committee.  Participants were also informed that
as from 1995,  UNICEF, after consultation with  the Committee on  the Rights
of  the  Child,  would  make  public  the  extent  of  compliance  with  the
Convention on  the Rights  of  the Child  by  States  parties in  a  special
chapter of its annual report entitled "The progress of nations". 

16.   The  chairpersons unanimously  affirmed  the  important role  of  non-
governmental organizations in the  monitoring function of the treaty bodies.
Several  chairpersons also  reported strengthened  cooperation  and improved
exchanges  of information  with  specialized agencies  and  various  special
rapporteurs of the Commission on Human Rights.


IV.  SUGGESTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

Improving the operation of the human rights treaty bodies

17.    Promotion  of  the  international  human  rights  instruments.    The
chairpersons welcome  the ongoing efforts of  the Secretary-General and  the
United  Nations  High Commissioner  for Human  Rights  to promote  universal
ratification of international  human rights instruments and, in  particular,
the  preparations  for  the  holding  of  regional  conferences  to  promote
ratification and  the  drafting  of  a major  study  on  the matter.    They
recommend that  States which  are considering ratification  avoid making  it
subject to wide reservations.  The  chairpersons deplore the recent increase
in the number and breadth of reservations made upon ratification of  certain
instruments and  observe that  the practice  undermines the  spirit and  the
letter of these legal texts.   In this regard they  both welcome and endorse
the  Human Rights  Committee's  General  Comment  24  on  the matter.    The
chairpersons also welcome the initiative of the Secretary-General,  pursuant
to  the  Vienna  Declaration  and  Programme  of  Action,  in  proposing the
preparation  of  a  major  study  on  the  extent  of  reservations  and  on
strategies to promote their withdrawal. 

18.   The  chairpersons have  noted  with  satisfaction the  important  role
played  by  UNICEF  in  the  promotion  of  universal  ratification  of  the
Convention on  the Rights  of the Child.   They  recommend that  specialized
agencies  and  international  organizations  should  consider  carrying  out
similar activities  with regard  to international  human rights  instruments
and they  look forward  to exploring  modalities  for such  action at  their
seventh meeting.  They  recommend that at that meeting a dialogue take place
with senior officials of key organizations  and agencies, to include,  inter
alia, the United Nations Development Programme.

 19.   The  chairpersons  suggest  that  those  States which  have  not  yet
ratified the  principal human rights instruments  be given assurances  that,
in  case of need, they  will be provided with  appropriate advisory services
in relation  to  their reporting  and  other  obligations once  they  become
parties to the instruments.

20.  The chairpersons  draw attention to the  importance of the human rights
treaty bodies  contributing fully to the  achievement of the  Plan of Action
for the  United Nations  Decade for  Human Rights  Education.   Accordingly,
they recommend  that each  treaty body, in  its examination  of State  Party
reports,  assiduously investigate  compliance  by States  parties  with  the
extensive  obligations  regarding education  and  the  provision  of  public
information  on human  rights in  general  and  concerning the  human rights
instruments and the proceedings of the treaty  bodies in particular.  Treaty
bodies  should, inter  alia, inquire  as  to  whether instruments  have been
translated  and disseminated  in local languages and  whether States parties
have put  in place  satisfactory human  rights training  programmes for  all
relevant categories  of public officials.   The  chairpersons also recommend
that  treaty bodies both further elaborate relevant  reporting guidelines or
general  comments  and  recommendations,  and  offer  to  individual  States
concrete suggestions  and advice  on the  implementation of the  obligations
they  have  assumed  regarding   education  and  the   provision  of  public
information.

21.   Reporting.   The chairpersons  note with  regret that the  problems of
overdue  reports and  of severe  backlogs  in  the consideration  of reports
persist in most of  the treaty bodies.   They welcome the  initiatives taken
by various  treaty  bodies to  respond to  these problems  but warn  against
solutions resulting in  excessively abbreviated or summary consideration  of
the situation in the respective countries.

22.   External  relations  of treaty  bodies.   The  chairpersons  note  the
failure  to involve the  treaty bodies, in an  appropriate manner, in either
the preparations  for or  the formal  negotiations of  United Nations  world
conferences.   A  recent  case  in  point  was the  non-involvement  of  the
Committee  on  the  Elimination  of  Discrimination  against  Women  and the
Committee  on the  Rights  of  the Child  in  the preparations  for and  the
negotiations  of  the recent  Fourth  World  Conference  on  Women, held  in
Beijing in  September 1995.  They  request the  Secretary-General to provide
the  seventh meeting of  chairpersons with  a study which  proposes ways and
means  of establishing  an appropriate  sui  generis  status for  the treaty
bodies  in  the  United  Nations  system.    Such  a  status  would  clearly
distinguish the  treaty bodies from  intergovernmental and  non-governmental
organizations  and would  enable them to  play a full  role, befitting their
importance, within  all future international  conferences and vis-a-vis  the
organs  of the  United Nations  system.  They urge  the General  Assembly to
ensure that the relevant treaty bodies will be invited to be fully  involved
in the  ongoing preparations for the  forthcoming Habitat  II conference and
other international conferences dealing with human rights.

23.   The  chairpersons reiterate  the central  role which  non-governmental
organizations  play  in providing  reliable  information  necessary  to  the
conduct  of  treaty  body  activities  and  recommend that  the  Secretariat
facilitate  the exchange  of  information  between  treaty bodies  and  such
organizations.   The  Secretariat is  requested  to  develop a  database  of
national institutions for the promotion and  protection of human rights  and
of nationally based non-governmental organizations which should be  informed
of the scheduled  consideration of any reports  of the country  concerned by
the  treaty bodies.   In  addition, the  Secretariat is  requested  to issue
twice a year,  taking account of the  exigencies of the various  committees,
an integrated schedule of  all reports expected  to be considered by all  of
the treaty bodies  during the relevant period.   Such a list should  include
all appropriate caveats as to possible changes occurring in the schedule.

24.   The chairpersons recommend  that the human  rights treaty bodies  take
increased cognizance  of  the related  activities of  regional human  rights
mechanisms.   In particular,  they recommend  that modalities of cooperation
and of  exchange of information be  explored by  the respective secretariats
and that  existing databases on the  jurisprudence of  regional human rights
regimes interface  with databases to be developed by the  United Nations for
the human  rights treaty bodies.   The chairpersons  recommend that regional
bodies  continue  to  be  invited  to attend  all  future  meetings  of  the

chairpersons.

25.   The chairpersons  recommend that  human rights  treaty bodies increase
their  cooperation and  exchange  of information  with  United  Nations non-
conventional human rights  bodies and mechanisms.  The chairpersons  suggest
that  they meet  regularly with  the chairperson  and other officers  of the
Commission  on  Human  Rights   and  the  Sub-commission  on  Prevention  of
Discrimination and Protection of Minorities in  order to discuss matters  of
mutual  concern   and  to  further   develop  strategies  for   cooperation.
Modalities for  participation by the  chairpersons or their  representatives
in the annual meetings of the special rapporteurs should be explored.

26.   Furthermore, the  chairpersons expressed  the  view that  it would  be
extremely valuable if their meetings with  the Secretary-General were to  be
held on an annual basis.

27.  The chairpersons welcome the  increased participation of United Nations
specialized agencies in the work of some of  the human rights treaty bodies,
though  they  observe  that  there remains  considerable  potential  for  an
enhancement of such cooperation.  The  chairpersons recommend that at  their
seventh meeting  they include  this matter  in their  envisaged exchange  of
views  with specialized agencies  and United  Nations bodies  and that high-
level officials of the bodies and  agencies, including especially the United
Nations  Children's Fund,  the  United Nations  Development  Programme,  the
United Nations  Population  Fund, the  Office  of  the United  Nations  High
Commissioner  for  Refugees,  the  International  Labour  Organization,  the
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, the  World
Health  Organization and  the World  Bank, be  invited to participate,  on a
specific  date to  be notified  well in  advance, in  order to  ensure  that
concrete proposals might  be discussed and appropriate arrangements  entered
into.  In advance of that meeting human rights treaty bodies are invited  to
reflect on and  to indicate the optimal  models for cooperation with  United
Nations bodies and specialized agencies.

28.  Secretariat  support.  While welcoming the  efforts made by the  Centre
for Human  Rights to  ensure adequate  funding for  the  treaty bodies,  the
chairpersons recommend  that the  General Assembly  consider providing  each
treaty body  with a budget, to  be dispensed from  with the  approval of the
United Nations  High Commissioner for Human  Rights, for  the contracting of
special studies,  the undertaking of  essential missions  and other  matters
associated with their mandates.   They are of the view that this  initiative
would  result  in  economic  efficiencies  and  improve  accountability   of
expenditure.

29.  The chairpersons  welcome the ongoing support  provided to them  by the
Centre  for  Human  Rights  and  they  acknowledge  the  range  of servicing
initiatives  which continue  to be  taken  within  existing resources.   The
chairpersons welcome the  indication provided  by the  Secretariat that  the
country-specific  and other  information  available to  each  of  the treaty
bodies will  in the  future be maintained  in an integrated  fashion.   They
emphasize the need to develop  the fullest possible databases in this regard
and to ensure the  ready accessibility of  the collection to members of  the
treaty  bodies.  The  chairpersons, however,  express their  deep concern at
the  continuing massive  under-resourcing of  the  Centre for  Human  Rights
which prevents the human rights treaty  bodies from adequately carrying  out
their  mandates.  Among  the persistent  problems are  under-staffing of the
treaty  body  secretariats,  lack  of  technical  expertise  and  inadequate
administrative support. 

30.   The chairpersons recommend that  the General  Assembly, the Secretary-
General and the United Nations High  Commissioner for Human Rights  consider
the adverse impact upon the  reputation of the work and public image of  the
United  Nations  that  results  from  the  persistent  failure  to   address
adequately  the problems  referred to  above.   In this  regard,  during the
fiftieth  anniversary   year  of  the   United  Nations,  the   chairpersons
strenuously urge  that the  work of human  rights be restored,  in effective

practical terms,  to  the  central  role in  the  United Nations  which  was
envisaged for it in the Charter.

31.  The chairpersons  declare their conviction as  to the importance of the
integration of  the Committee on the  Elimination of Discrimination  against
Women into  the mainstream  of United  Nations system-wide activity  through
its relocation to the  Centre for Human Rights,  as they have already stated
at their fifth meeting.  They accordingly  welcome decision 14/II of January
1995  of the Committee  on the  Elimination of  Discrimination against Women
which requests the Secretary-General to locate  it at Geneva with  servicing
provided  by  the  Centre.  The  chairpersons  also welcome  the  Secretary-
General's agreement,  in principle,  to the  transfer to  the Centre of  the
responsibility  for both  the  substantive and  technical  servicing  of the
Committee, while maintaining a close working relationship with the  Division
for the Advancement of Women.  The chairpersons also note with  satisfaction
the  proposed amendment to  article 20 of the  Convention on the Elimination
of All Forms of Discrimination against Women adopted  on 22 May 1995 by  the
States parties to the Convention, though  they express concern regarding the
present  procedure  for ratification  which may  lead to  inordinate delays.
The chairpersons recommend  that the General Assembly approve this amendment
at its fiftieth session.

32.   The chairpersons  note the slight  progress which has  been made  with
regard to  the development of  appropriate databases and on-line information
services at the Centre  for Human Rights.   They recommend that work proceed
speedily and with full regard for the importance of making provision for  an
efficient flow of information.  They  urge that arrangements currently under
way be assured and that any  necessary exemptions from possible  expenditure
freezes  be  authorized.   They  also  recommend   that  future  appeals  to
Governments for funds be rendered more  persuasive through the inclusion  of
detailed information on the manner in which the funds would be deployed.

33.   The  chairpersons reiterate  their long-standing  request that  office
facilities at  the Centre  for Human Rights be  set aside for use  by the 97
members of the various treaty bodies when they are in Geneva.

Gender perspectives in the work of the treaty bodies

34.  The chairpersons endorse the  following recommendations proposed by  an
expert group on the integration of  gender perspectives into United  Nations
human rights  activities and  programmes, which met  at Geneva from  3 to  7
July  1995, in line with  the recommendations of the  Vienna Declaration and
Programme of Action:

  (a)   The treaty  bodies shall  fully integrate  gender perspectives  into
their  presessional and sessional  working methods, including identification
of  issues  and  preparation  of  questions  for  country  reviews,  general
comments,  general   recommendations,  and  concluding   observations.    In
particular, the  treaty bodies should  consider the  gender implications  of
each  issue  discussed  under  each  of   the  articles  of  the  respective
instruments;

  (b)   Guidelines for the  preparation of reports by  States parties should
be  amended to reflect  the necessity  of providing  specific information on
the human rights of women for consideration by the respective committees;

  (c)  In  undertaking investigative  procedures, the  treaty bodies  should
make  special efforts to elicit information about the  situation of women in
the area of inquiry;

  (d)  Treaty  bodies should consistently request gender-disaggregated  data
from  States parties and  from United  Nations specialized  agencies and use
the data in reviewing country reports;

  (e)  The  treaty bodies should make  every effort to exchange  information
on  progress, developments  and situations  concerning  the human  rights of

women;

  (f)  In preparing  reports of the treaty  body sessions, attention  should
be paid to the use of gender-inclusive language wherever possible.

35.  The chairpersons recommend that each treaty  body consider how it might
most effectively incorporate these proposals into  its work practices.   The
respective  chairpersons  undertake to  report  to  the  seventh meeting  of
chairpersons on progress made in this regard.

Prevention of human  rights violations,  including early warning and  urgent
procedures

36.   The chairpersons reiterate  that the promotion  and protection  of all
human  rights  and  fundamental  freedoms  is,  as  declared  in  the Vienna
Declaration and  Programme of  Action, a  priority objective  of the  United
Nations.   In  this regard,  the  chairpersons  encourage treaty  bodies  to
continue  their efforts to  develop mechanisms  for the  prevention of gross
human  rights violations,  including early  warning and  urgent  procedures.
They consider that coordinated action by human rights treaty  bodies in this
regard would increase their  effectiveness.  To this end, they suggest  that
any action undertaken by  one of the treaty bodies be immediately brought to
the attention of the other treaty bodies. 

37.   The chairpersons  recommend  that treaty  bodies increasingly  consult
United Nations  organs  and bodies,  including  special  rapporteurs of  the
Commission  on Human  Rights and  the  Sub-Commission  on the  Prevention of
Discrimination  and Protection  of  Minorities, exchanging  information  and
utilizing existing expertise  in order  to detect and respond  appropriately
to situations of massive violations of human rights.

Assistance to States in implementing committee recommendations

38.  The chairpersons reiterate the  importance of appropriate action  being
taken by  relevant  United Nations  bodies  to  assist States,  through  the
provision of technical  assistance, in implementing recommendations made  by
treaty  bodies. The  commitment indicated in this  regard by representatives
of specialized agencies  and organizations  participating in the meeting  of
chairpersons is welcomed and the  chairpersons recommend that they, together
with the secretariats of the  treaty bodies, give priority  attention to the
development of ongoing programmes in this regard.

39.  The potentially important role of the United Nations High  Commissioner
for Human Rights  and the Centre for Human  Rights in the implementation  of
technical assistance recommendations  by the treaty bodies is  acknowledged.
The  chairpersons recommend that  the High  Commissioner and  the Centre pay
increased  attention  to   such  proposals  in  the  advisory  services  and
technical assistance programmes of the Centre.  

40.  With  a view to improving coordination  and effectiveness in the  human
rights activities  of the  United Nations,  the chairpersons recommend  that
all  programmes  of  human   rights  technical  assistance  be  planned  and
implemented with  the full  cooperation and  collaboration  of all  relevant
parties,  especially those  which benefit  from  a  presence in  the country
concerned.   The chairpersons, for  their part, will ensure  that the treaty
bodies  will consult  widely in  considering recommendations  for  technical
assistance to States parties.


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Date last posted: 18 December 1999 16:30:10
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