United Nations

A/50/462


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

21 September 1995

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 87


QUESTIONS RELATING TO INFORMATION

Report of the Secretary-General


CONTENTS

  Paragraphs  Page

   I.  INTRODUCTION .......................................  1 - 32

  II.  OVERVIEW ...........................................  4 - 122

 III.  DESCRIPTION OF ONGOING FUNCTIONS ...................  13 -295

  IV.  IMPLEMENTATION OF SPECIFIC INFORMATION PROGRAMMES
  MANDATED UNDER PARAGRAPH 2 OF GENERAL ASSEMBLY
  RESOLUTION 49/38 B OF 9 DECEMBER 1994 ..............  30 - 419

   V.  PROMOTION OF MAJOR CONFERENCES .....................  42 -4913

  VI.  PUBLISHING ACTIVITIES ..............................  50 -5815

 VII.  UNITED NATIONS INFORMATION CENTRES .................  59 -6818

VIII.  INTER-AGENCY COOPERATION ...........................  69 -7320

  IX.  ACTIVITIES RELATING TO THE FIFTIETH ANNIVERSARY OF
  THE UNITED NATIONS .................................  74 - 7821

Annex.  Major DPI activities in accordance with General Assembly
        resolution 49/38 B of 9 December 1994 (January-August 1995) .....23





95-28649 (E)   161095/...
*9528649*
 I.  INTRODUCTION

1.   In its  resolution 49/38  B of  9 December  1994, the  General Assembly
requested the Secretary-General  to report  to the Committee on  Information
at its seventeenth session  and to the Assembly  at its fiftieth  session on
the implementation of the recommendations contained in that resolution.

2.   In  this  connection, the  following documents  were  submitted to  the
Committee on Information at  its seventeenth session, held  from 1 to 12 May
1995: 1/ (a) report of the Secretary-General  on the allocation of resources
from the regular budget of the United Nations to  United Nations information
centres  in 1994  (A/AC.198/1995/2) and (b) report  of the Secretary-General
on the  review  of publications  by  the  Department of  Public  Information
(A/AC.198/1995/3).   The Assistant Secretary-General  for Public Information
provided  supplementary  information   in  a  statement  delivered  to   the
Committee at that session. 

3.    The  present  report  is  intended  to  update  information previously
provided  and  focus  on  the  policies   and  strategies  utilized  by  the
Department of Public Information in accordance  with resolution 49/38 B  and
the  directives of  the Secretary-General.   The  annex  contains a  list of
information products  issued,  as well  as  other  major activities  of  the
Department during the reporting period.


II.  OVERVIEW

4.   It is increasingly  apparent that the  world Organization finds  itself
working in  a new communications age  defined by  rapidly changing political
environments,   equally  swift   technological  developments,  unprecedented
budget pressures on major contributing countries,  and the rising power  and
world-wide reach of the media.  In this  new global climate, the involvement
of the United Nations  in some of  the most pressing issues of our  time has
taken an  unprecedented scope,  and subjected it  to a  media spotlight  few
would have predicted several years ago.  Today,  with public interest in the
Organization  at   an  all-time   high,  public   information  has   assumed
significantly greater importance.

5.  The most  pressing task faced by the Department of Public Information is
to  ensure  that  the  centrality of  the  United  Nations  in  meeting  the
compelling challenges faced by the  international community continues  to be
widely recognized  by Governments and the  world public  at large, including
in  particular the  influential non-official  actors emerging  on the  world
stage.    To  accomplish this  goal  efficiently  and cost-effectively,  the
Department has  assigned the  highest  priority to  close working  relations
within  the  Secretariat and  the  United  Nations  system  and to  outreach
efforts beyond;  to the  use of  new technologies;  and to  the creation  of
information  strategies and  programmes that  mutually reinforce the  idea -
and the  reality -  of a  United Nations  system working  vigorously and  in
unison for the betterment of human welfare.

 Building partnerships with key groups

6.   The Department  seeks to  reach public opinion within  every stratum of
global  society.  Thus, it  is strengthening partnerships not  only with the
media  and educational  institutions  but  also with  policy-  and  opinion-
influencing  groups such as think-tanks, the civic and business communities,
city  governments and  non-governmental organizations  which are  mobilizing
support at both  the official and  the grass-roots  levels.   Since many  of
these new  forces are nationally  and regionally oriented,  the role  of the
Department's  vital network  of information  centres  and services  is  also
being strengthened.

Ensuring a cohesive approach to the issues

7.  The framework  for the Department's work programme is established by the
General  Assembly  through  the  Committee  on  Information,  in   important
initiatives of  the Secretary-General  such as  An Agenda for  Peace and  An

Agenda  for Development and  in the  conclusions reached as a  result of the
cycle  of  world  conferences  now  under  way.    Instead  of fashioning  a
multitude of messages on all issues  before the Organization, the Department
has concentrated its efforts on a carefully selected list of priorities  and
prepared  a coordinated  information strategy  in which  each message  links
with and  reinforces  all the  others.  Therefore,  even as  the  Department
strengthens its  capacity to  win  support for  peace-keeping operations  in
both  host  countries  and  troop-contributing  nations,  and  more  sharply
communicates the  commitment of  the United Nations  to promote  development
and  development  cooperation,  these  concerns will  be  projected  in  the
context of the Organization's central message:   the continuity that  exists
between peace, development and democratization.

Speaking with a unified voice

8.  In  carrying out its programme, the  Department has sought to project an
image of unity for the United Nations system.  The Department is  consulting
more  closely  with other  Secretariat departments,  expanding communication
with the  regional commissions  and working  with United  Nations funds  and
programmes  and the  specialized agencies  through the  Joint United Nations
Information Committee (JUNIC) to ensure that  the achievements of all  parts
of the  United Nations family are  projected to  their respective audiences.
United Nations  information centres  and services,  which cooperate  closely
with other United Nations offices in  the field, are particularly  important
in  this regard.  All of these various  relationships have proved especially
fruitful  in  connection with  United  Nations  conferences,  for which  the
Department  has  collaborated  with  the  United  Nations  Children's   Fund
(UNICEF),  the United  Nations Development  Programme (UNDP) and  the United
Nations  Population Fund  (UNFPA) and  others  in promoting  the idea  of an
inter-linked continuum of major events in the  field of economic and  social
development.   Perhaps most  important, the  Department is  also seeking  to
raise awareness throughout the system, especially  in those areas that  have
not been  directly involved  in carrying out public  information activities,
about  the need to  build an  information and  communications component into
all work programmes from their very inception.

 Exploiting the potential of electronic communication

9.  The  Department has moved aggressively  to exploit the enormous outreach
and exchange of information that electronic  communication now offers.   The
Department's electronic  database is the largest  within the United  Nations
system,  with  tens of  thousands  of  users  accessing  the database  daily
through the INTERNET and the World Wide Web  (WWW).  The Department has also
updated  its electronic  communication  and distribution  system  connecting
Headquarters with United  Nations information centres and services, as  well
as  with peace-keeping  operations, offices of UNDP,  United Nations offices
and  other redisseminators.  The Dag  Hammarskjold Library  has enhanced its
capacity to  provide  information electronically  through user-friendly  on-
line  access and CD-ROM  format.  The United  Nations News Audio Information
System, operational 24 hours a day,  provides consolidated and updated  news
about the United Nations in three languages by  means of a single  telephone
call.   The Publications  Service has increased  its productivity  - and its
creativity  -  through  use  of  desktop  publishing  hardware  and  related
software applications.

10.    These  new  technologies  have  become  a  powerful  medium  for  the
dissemination  of information, and  are already  being used  widely by major
United  Nations target groups.  Still, with  advanced technological capacity
somewhat limited  in many  regions, the  Department remains  mindful of  its
obligation to  ensure global  access to  its outputs  and outreach  efforts.
Moreover, the  emphasis on  electronic dissemination  will not  diminish the
continuing need  for  carefully targeted,  high-quality publications,  which
provide in-depth information with long-term impact.

11.   As called for in  paragraph 22 of General Assembly resolution 49/38 B,
the  management of the  Department has  held regular  consultations with the

extended Bureau  of the  Committee on  Information, which  have provided  an
invaluable channel of dialogue for the Department in all areas of its  work.
This dialogue has  created an  atmosphere of  transparency, cooperation  and
mutual responsibility for the  implementation of the  mandates entrusted  to
the Department by the General Assembly.

12.    In the  intensely  competitive  environments  in  which ever  greater
numbers   of  actors  seek   to  influence   opinion,  the   Department  has
consistently conveyed the message that all  United Nations activities on its
agenda  are - and  are seen  to be -efficiently promoting  human welfare and
democratic  freedoms and  responsive to  the dynamic  political and economic
currents  of our day.   The  positive results achieved  during the reporting
period have come about through the  mobilization and creative utilization of
the   Department's  principal   resource,  its   staff,  and   through   the
streamlining  of  operational   machinery,  both  at  Headquarters  and   at
information  centres and services.  As reaffirmed in resolution 49/38 B, the
Department  has  strengthened  its  role  as  the  focal  point  for  public
information tasks within the United Nations system.






 III.  DESCRIPTION OF ONGOING FUNCTIONS

13.  In compliance with the mandate set  out in General Assembly  resolution
49/38 B,  in particular in the  second preambular  paragraph, the Department
has continued  its efforts to  ensure that  the public information  tasks of
the  United Nations  "are strengthened  and  improved,  keeping in  view the
purposes and  principles of the Charter of the United  Nations, the priority
areas  defined  by the  General  Assembly  and  the  recommendations of  the
Committee on  Information". Emphasis has been given in all its activities to
promoting  an  informed  understanding  of  the  work  of the  Organization,
commensurate with its  new tasks, and  fostering the  positive image of  the
system as a whole.

14.   The Office  of the  Spokesman for  the Secretary-General  is the  main
point of contact  with media  representatives covering  the United  Nations,
particularly  those  accredited at  Headquarters.    With  world-wide  media
attention on the  Organization, and especially on the Secretary-General,  at
unprecedented levels,  the daily briefings given  by the  Spokesman, as well
as the increasingly large  number of one-on-one contacts by his Office  with
the world's  media, have  assumed greater  importance.  The  Office is  also
responsible  for  arranging  interviews   with  the  Secretary-General,  and
various  media  contacts such  as interviews  and background  briefings with
senior United Nations officials.  Thus,  the provision of authoritative  and
timely  information in  the  fields  of  peace-keeping and  peacemaking  and
humanitarian  assistance, and on a wide range of economic and social issues,
is essential in helping the media  to reflect comprehensively and accurately
the  role   of  the  Organization   in  all   areas  of  its   mandates  and
responsibilities.  In  carrying out  this crucial  task, the  Office of  the
Spokesman has established  a close working  relationship with  all divisions
of the Department.

15.   The  Assistant Secretary-General  and  the  senior management  of  the
Department, for their  part, have  strengthened their  contacts with  senior
international  media officials.   Such links  are made  stronger through the
Department's  Media Division,  which accredits,  promotes contact  with  and
facilitates the daily work of members of the  media.  Its services  include:
(a) alerting  news media  to meetings  and other  proceedings and  providing
access  to  these  events;  (b)  offering   group  briefings  for   visiting
journalists; (c)  providing offices  and other  work space;  and (d)  giving
technical  advice  to broadcasting  organizations.    During  the  reporting
period, the Division  provided services to  2,900 permanently accredited and
2,500 temporarily accredited  media representatives at Headquarters.   Since

the United  Nations Conference on Environment  and Development,  held at Rio
de  Janeiro  in 1992,  more  than  20,000  media  representatives have  been
accredited  by  the   United  Nations   for  conferences   held  away   from
Headquarters.

16.   The  Media Division  consolidates press  and photographic  information
materials,  radio and  television  coverage and  programmes,  and  technical
services. The production of press releases in  both working languages of the
Secretariat - an activity for which the General Assembly,  in its resolution
49/38 B, paragraph 19, expressed  its full support - has been expanded.   In
1995,  for  the  first  time,  an  annual  compilation  of  Security Council
resolutions and President's  statements was  produced.   In compliance  with
paragraph 20 of resolution 49/38 B,  the Division is increasing its outreach
potential  to audiences  of more  than 1,800  broadcasting organizations  by
radio  programme  production  in  15  official  and  other  languages.   For
example, radio programmes in Portuguese and  Hindi alone are rebroadcast  by
168 stations.   Monthly radio  production of more  than 700 news  bulletins,
updates,  features,  documentaries, interviews  and regional  news magazines
has been refocused to disseminate more information  on the new priorities of
the Organization.   To ensure  a wider  audience for  information about  the
United  Nations  in  a  cost-efficient   manner,  the  Media   Division  has
established  a partnership with  Time-Warner Cable  of Manhattan,  Inc.  The
first eight in an  ongoing series of 30-second  "question and answer" public
service announcements  have been  produced for broadcast on  the Time-Warner
Cable  system and are  being actively  distributed to  broadcasters in other
countries.  The  Division is also researching the  use of compact discs  for
the dissemination of transcription radio programmes.

17.   The Department is  actively exploring  with a number  of international
broadcasting  organizations   the  possibility   of  providing  transmission
service  for United Nations radio  programming, and it is  expected that the
Department  will receive  the active  support  of  Member States  in further
developing this  option. The  Department continues to foster  strong working
relationships with  international broadcasting  organizations such as  Cable
News  Network (CNN)  International,  Reuters International  and  World  Wide
Television News, which distribute United Nations  programmes to all parts of
the  world.   The Associated  Press  TV and  other syndicators  receive  and
distribute  daily feeds of UNTV  video package highlights.  The Division has
also carried out  a pilot project  of transmitting by satellite  its popular
end-of-the-year  video programme "Year in Review", a  programme that reaches
an estimated target audience of 350 million households.

18.    The  Department  has  been   striving  to  follow  industry  standard
technologies to  deliver information  products of  the highest  broadcasting
quality.  Furthermore,  the Department  is  in  the  process  of laying  the
groundwork  for a future  tapeless archival  system that  is fully networked
and that  possesses a  quick delivery  mechanism for  use with  broadcasters
world wide.   The Media Division has  established a transmission system  for
audio recordings through the Integrated System  of Digital Network (ISDN) to
the International Broadcast  Centre (IBC), an arrangement guaranteeing  full
high-quality audio  broadcast of  statements by  the Secretary-General  away
from Headquarters and other important events.   In addition, a CD-system for
the  electronic storage, reproduction  and dissemination  of photos  will be
introduced. 

19.  During the first six months of  1995, 1,112,042 pages of documents  and
publications   were   disseminated   electronically   by  the   Department's
Information Centres Service.  An average of 20,000  users daily accessed the
Department's  database  of  United  Nations  information  materials  on  the
INTERNET,  which  is  now  the  largest   in  the  United  Nations   family.
Currently, the  Department serves six  publicly accessible databases,  which
themselves   serve   as   important   redisseminators  of   United   Nations
information.  With the ceremony at San  Francisco on 26 June,  commemorating
the signing  of the  Charter of  the United  Nations, the Department  took a
bold new step on the information superhighway by launching the UN Home  Page
on  the World Wide Web, which  integrates images with  text.  This move into

the fastest growing area  of the INTERNET is  expected to increase the usage
of United Nations  materials, particularly  among younger audiences.   Since
its inception, the  UN Home  Page has been accessed  daily by an average  of
5,000 users. 

20.  The  Department, through its Promotion and Public Services Division, is
focusing on the education of  the world's youth, as its future constituents.
One upcoming  product for younger audiences,  to be released  in 1995 in  as
many languages as possible, is a guide  to the Charter of the United Nations
in question-and-answer format entitled "The Charter at your fingertips".

21.   Since the inauguration of the guided tours  in 1952, nearly 35 million
people have visited United  Nations Headquarters to  learn first-hand  about
the world  Organization.  Recently, stops  on the tour  route that had  been
temporarily off-limits,  such as  the Security  Council and the  Trusteeship
Council, were restored.   However, certain security  considerations have had
to be  taken into  account, including  a limit  on the size  of groups.   On
display  in the  Public Lobby  is  a  multi-media exhibit  commemorating the
fiftieth anniversary.  In another new  development marking the occasion, the
tour guides have been provided with distinctive new uniforms.

22.   To  keep the  community of  non-governmental  organizations associated
with  the Department abreast  of proceedings  at the United  Nations, and to
generate support  at the  grass-roots level,  the Division organizes  weekly
briefings   that  attract  some   200  representatives  of  non-governmental
organizations  and  that  constitute  a  valuable  opportunity  for  regular
dialogue  with an  important corps  of activists  on United  Nations-related
issues.   Senior United  Nations officials  and experts,  delegates in their
capacity  as  chairpersons   of  intergovernmental  committees,  and  others
involved  in major  United Nations  conferences address  representatives  of
non-governmental organizations  and respond to  their questions.   A  weekly
newsletter, DPI/NGO Link,  containing information on events at  Headquarters
and announcing  new print  and video  materials, was initiated  in 1995  for
distribution at the briefings.  Monthly  mailings of selected United Nations
publications  are   sent  to  some   1,500  non-governmental   organizations
throughout  the  world.   The  Department  also  maintains  an NGO  Resource
Centre, where  associated non-governmental organizations  can access  United
Nations documents  as  well as  publications  issued  by the  Department  of
Public  Information.   Computer  workstations  are  being installed  in  the
Centre  in order to  provide users  with access to the  United Nations "Home
Page" and other United Nations databases on the INTERNET.

23.    The  forty-eighth  Annual  Conference  of  the  Department  of Public
Information for  Non-Governmental Organizations was  held in September  1995
on the  theme "The  United  Nations  at the  turn of  the century:    global
issues;  global actors; global responsibility".  The Conference, attended by
more than 1,300  representatives, examined the  changing role and increasing
participation  of civil  society in  the  formulation and  implementation of
programmes of  action agreed upon  during major  United Nations  conferences
and  summits.     Participants  identified   common  issues  linking   these
conferences  and  discussed  the  increased  opportunities  for  partnership
between the United Nations system and the NGO community.

24.   In compliance with  the mandate to  continue briefing and  orientation
programmes for  broadcasters from  developing countries,  the 1995  training
programme was  conducted from 18 September  to 26  October, with journalists
from  the  following countries:    Angola,  Antigua and  Barbuda, Argentina,
Bolivia,  Bulgaria, Ecuador,  Ethiopia,  Honduras, Lao  People's  Democratic
Republic,  Lebanon,  Mexico,  Pakistan,  Romania,  Sao  Tome  and  Principe,
Solomon  Islands,  South  Africa,  Sri  Lanka,  Tunisia,  Turkmenistan   and
Venezuela.    The  participants  undertook  practical  exercises  under  the
supervision  of  the  relevant  divisions  of   the  Department  of   Public
Information  and  attended   briefings  by  United  Nations  officials   and
representatives of media organizations.

25.   The Library and Publications  Division continues to prepare and manage

the  Department's  publications,  oversee  the  United Nations  publications
programme and provide  library services through the Dag Hammarskjold Library
and  related facilities.   The  Division's  graphic design  and cartographic
sections provide services not only to  the Department of Public  Information
but also to  other departments and the regional  commissions.  A new  effort
is being made to identify the potential of electronic publishing.

26.    As in  recent years,  the  Department's  major books  and periodicals
offered extensive coverage  of the work  of the  United Nations  in all  its
aspects, with a special  focus on the 1992-1996 conference cycle.   Emphasis
was  also placed on  special commemorations  such as  the International Year
for the Eradication of  Poverty (1996) and  on subjects of ongoing  priority
interest such as peacekeeping, sustainable economic and social  development,
human rights, decolonization and Africa.  Several of  these issues have been
covered in  the  United Nations  Blue  Books  Series, which  was  introduced
during the reporting period.

27.   With the Sales  and Marketing Section  having been  transferred to the
Department  as of  1 September  1995,  the  Department is  taking additional
steps to strengthen its marketing and  sales of system-wide publications, in
which  works produced  by the  Secretariat  and other  parts of  the  United
Nations are  sold through a network  of agents,  distributors and bookstores
in more  than 65  countries.   These efforts  were marked  by the  increased
availability of some products in additional  formats such as microfiche  and
CD-ROM.

28.     The  Dag  Hammarskjold  Library  is  embarking  on  a  programme  of
technological innovation through  the introduction of an Integrated  Library
Management  System (ILMS), which  will enhance  its ability  to maintain its
archival  collection of  United Nations  documents  and publications  and to
provide  bibliographic control.  The Library  maintains the  United  Nations
Bibliographic  Information  System  (UNBIS),  a  variety  of  bibliographic,
factual, thesaurus  and full-text  databases that is currently  accessed on-
line by 91 Governments  and 86 permanent missions. These databases have also
been available since  March 1995  as UNBIS  Plus on  CD-ROM.   As a  further
effort to make United  Nations documents widely available,  the  Library  is
assisting  in  the  reorganization  of  documentation  posted  on  the  UNDP
INTERNET server.  The Library, in  cooperation with the Electronic  Services
Division of the  Secretariat and other  offices of the Department  of Public
Information,  is also involved in  the planning of  the United Nations World
Wide Web Service.   More  broadly, the  Library is  increasingly reliant  on
electronic resources for  use at all service points.   A total of 71 on-line
and  CD-ROM  databases  produced  by  United  Nations  offices,  specialized
agencies   and  commercial   firms   are  currently   available,   including
Lexis/Nexis, Dialog  (online), Facts on File  News Digest, Keesing's  Record
of World  Events  and  Legal  Trac (CD-ROM).    The  Library has  also  made
advances in electronic  desktop delivery and has been disseminating journals
electronically, as they are published.

29.  Through  its system of 347 depository  libraries in 140 Member  States,
the   Dag   Hammarskjold  Library   disseminates   information   about   the
Organization and  its  activities.    The Library  oversees  the  depository
libraries through a programme of visits and training.  The Library has  also
continued its  programme of training  government officials, delegates,  non-
governmental  organization representatives  and staff members in  the use of
United  Nations  documentation and  information  resources  produced  by  or
available within  the Library.   At  the United  Nations Congress  on Public
International Law, held in New  York from 13  to 17 March 1995, the  Library
enhanced  its  outreach activities  by  preparing  a  bibliography  covering
publications  of interest to the participants.  The Library also arranged an
on-site  book exhibit with  major publishers  in the  field of international
law displaying publications relevant to the theme of the Congress.


              IV.  IMPLEMENTATION OF SPECIFIC INFORMATION PROGRAMMES
                   MANDATED UNDER PARAGRAPH 2 OF GENERAL ASSEMBLY

                   RESOLUTION 49/38 B OF 9 DECEMBER 1994

30.   The Promotion  and Public  Services Division  is  responsible for  the
development  of thematically  integrated information programmes  on priority
issues and, within these programmes, for  a variety of information products,
including publications, for outreach activities directed towards the  media,
non-governmental  organizations,  academic  institutions   and  the  general
public, as well as for the organization of special promotional events.


              A.  Sustainable economic and social development in the
                  overall context of "An Agenda for Development"

31.   Since January  1994, the  bimonthly newsletter  Development Update has
closely covered the preparations for, and outcomes of, the current cycle  of
United Nations conferences in the field  of economic and social  development
and expanded its  brief to provide an  overview of United Nations activities
and publications in the development  sphere.  It includes reports on follow-
up activities to  the 1990  Children's Summit,  the 1992  Earth Summit,  the
1994   Population  Conference   and  the   1995  World   Summit  for  Social
Development, Ninth  United Nations Congress on  the Prevention  of Crime and
the Treatment of Offenders  and Fourth World Conference on Women, as well as
on  preparations  for   the  Second  United  Nations  Conference  on   Human
Settlements  (Habitat  II).    There  has   been  feature  coverage  of  the
Secretary-General's  reports on  "An  Agenda for  Development"  and  related
discussions  in the General  Assembly and  the Economic  and Social Council.
Development Update,  which is  receiving an  increasingly positive  response
from its  readership,  is also  covering  the  fiftieth anniversary  of  the
United Nations;  United Nations human  rights initiatives; economic  reports
and forecasts  issued by United  Nations bodies  and agencies; international
telecommunications   agreements;   transnational   crime;   conventions   on
desertification,  biodiversity   and  the  sea;   and  the  United   Nations
Conference on  Trade  and Development's  world trade  summit.   The text  is
enlivened by  interviews  with key  officials  in  the economic  and  social
fields.

32.  In view  of the continuing  priority of Africa's economic recovery  and
development, the Department continues to implement an information  programme
guided by  the United Nations  New Agenda for  the Development  of Africa in
the 1990s.   The Department's  efforts emphasize  both the severity  and the
singularity of the crisis affecting the world's most impoverished  continent
and,  at the  same time,  highlight the  efforts and  successes  of numerous
African  countries in reinvigorating  the development  process.  The central
element  of this information  programme is  the quarterly  periodical Africa
Recovery, which, along with briefing papers and other publications,  focuses
on economic and social issues of  special concern to Africa  and underscores
the   links  between  the  peace-keeping,   humanitarian  and  developmental
activities  of  the  United  Nations  in   Africa.    The  Africa   Recovery
publications continue to have an important  impact on their target  audience
of  international  and  African  media,  policy  makers  and  the  academic,
research and  NGO communities.   Radio  production on  issues of  particular
interest  to the  African region  is currently  being  reviewed in  order to
broaden its scope and  focus in view of the additional staff resources  that
have been redeployed from the discontinued anti-apartheid programme.

33.  The Department  is providing an extensive  range of information support
activities   to  the   secretariat  of   the  Commission   for   Sustainable
Development,  as  follow-up  to the  Global  Conference  on  the Sustainable
Development of Small Island Developing States and with regard to the  United
Nations  conventions  on biodiversity,  climate change  and desertification.
The  publication, in three  languages, of  the United  Nations Convention to
Combat  Desertification  in  those  Countries Experiencing  Serious  Drought
and/or  Desertification,  particularly  in  Africa,  has  been  helpful  for
information activities undertaken at the grass-roots  level.  The results of
the final  session  of the  United  Nations  Conference on  Straddling  Fish
Stocks and Highly  Migratory Fish  Stocks, in  particular the  international

agreement  adopted in August  1995, were  the subject of  an information kit
that  was  sent   to  some   800  specialized  media  and   non-governmental
organizations.

34.    The  Department  implemented  a  campaign  that  produced   extensive
publicity for the  Ninth United Nations Congress  on the Prevention of Crime
and the Treatment of Offenders, held  at Cairo from 28 April  to 8 May 1995.
The public information  strategy called  for building  on the  success -  in
terms  of substance  as  well  as  publicity  -  of  the  World  Ministerial
Conference  on  Organized Transnational  Crime, held  at  Naples, Italy,  in
1994.    Owing to  the  broad,  multidisciplinary  nature  of the  Congress,
thematic  issues  included the  importance  of  criminal justice  systems to
protect the environment,  the role of  the mass  media in crime  prevention,
urban  crime and  violence prevention  strategies, links  between crime  and
migration,  as well  as terrorism  and  organized  crime.   The Department's
backgrounders on  transnational  crime were  referred  to  by The  Times  of
London and the  Christian Science Monitor, and reprinted verbatim in a full-
page  spread in  the Mexican  newsweekly  Proceso, with  positive  attention
given to the work of  the United Nations  in this area.  Broadcast  coverage
included  CNN, WCBS  Radio, the  Middle East  Broadcast Centre  and  a large
number of Japanese, European and Arab broadcasting organizations.

               B.  Peacemaking, peace-keeping and peace-building in the
                 pursuit of the Organization's new responsibilities

35.     At   the  initiative   of   the   Assistant  Secretary-General,   an
interdepartmental Working  Group on Media  Strategies for Peace-keeping  and
other Field  Operations has  been established.   The  Group, which  includes
representatives   of   the   Departments   of   Peace-keeping    Operations,
Humanitarian  Affairs,  Political  Affairs  and  Public  Information,  holds
consultations  on  a regular  basis  in  order  to  enhance cooperation  and
coordination with regard  to the information component of peace-keeping  and
other United  Nations operations.   Key areas include developing information
strategies appropriate to the  objectives of missions, establishing a roster
of personnel to  carry out the  various functions  related to the  strategy,
and identifying other related requirements.   In addition, through these and
other  interdepartmental  consultations, the  Department  has  continued  to
refine  a  set  of  standards  it  has  developed  for  mission  information
components. 

36.   The  Department has  continued  to provide  comprehensive  information
about  United   Nations  peace-keeping   and  peacemaking   to  the   media,
educational   and  research   institutions,   governmental   agencies,  non-
governmental  organizations  and  the  general  public.    These  materials,
prepared  in close  consultation  with the  substantive  offices  concerned,
reflect  the   complex  nature   of  the   current  integrated   operations.
Publications issued during the reporting period  included a poster on peace-
keeping and  peacemaking, a twice-yearly  collection of  in-depth reviews of
all current peace-keeping operations and a  reference paper series on peace-
keeping missions.   All publications are distributed widely at  Headquarters
and globally through the network of  United Nations information centres  and
services,   peace-keeping   missions,  non-governmental   organizations  and
research  institutions.   In  recognition  of  the  increasing relevance  of
information on  peace-keeping, and marking the  fiftieth anniversary of  the
Organization,  the Department has  produced a one-hour documentary on peace-
keeping, entitled  "No  Place to  Hide",  narrated  by Mr.  Brian  Urquhart.
Given  the special relevance  and timeliness  of the  subject, the programme
has been well-received by major broadcasters and cable networks.

37.  As mandated by the General Assembly  in 1993, the third edition  of The
Blue Helmets is  near completion  and will be  issued during the  Assembly's
fiftieth session.  In addition, the  Promotion and Public Services  Division
has cooperated  with the Centre for  Disarmament Affairs  in the preparation
of public  information materials  related to  intergovernmental meetings  on
disarmament  issues,  including  the  Review  and  Extension  Conference  of
Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons.

38.   The  distinct advantages  of  broadcast  radio information  have  been
clearly demonstrated in  critical peace-keeping and humanitarian  assistance
operations. In some situations, radio  broadcasts have represented  the only
reliable source of  information about United Nations peace-keeping  missions
for the population  at large.  The development  of a central United  Nations
broadcasting facility has, therefore, become one  of the principal issues in
the continuing discussions between  the Department of Public Information and
substantive  departments  in  the  context  of  the  new   interdepartmental
consultative  mechanism for  information  strategies for  peace-keeping  and
other field missions.

 39.   The Division's  activities relating  to the  situation in the  Middle
East and the question  of Palestine included a  seminar on assistance to the
Palestinian  people in the  field of  media development,  the publication of
books,  pamphlets  and  other information  materials and  the  production of
audiovisual materials.   A  training programme  for a  group of  Palestinian
journalists has  been scheduled  by the  Department at  Headquarters from  2
October  to  30 November  1995  in  order  to  strengthen Palestinian  media
capability. 


                    C.  Human rights and humanitarian relief
                        activities, highlighting the emerging
                        role of the Organization

40.    The Department's  information  programme  for  human  rights aims  at
promoting  understanding and awareness  of human rights and  the work of the
United Nations in this  area.  It builds  on the momentum  generated by  the
1993 World Conference  on Human Rights, as well  as by the 1988 World Public
Information Campaign  for Human  Rights, and  focuses on  the three  current
decades related  to human  rights: United  Nations Decade  for Human  Rights
Education  (1995-2004),  International  Decade  of  the  World's  Indigenous
People  (1994-2003)   and  Third   Decade  to   Combat  Racism  and   Racial
Discrimination (1993-2002).

41.   The  multimedia programme  of  print,  television and  radio  products
includes  promotional  activities  undertaken  by  the  Department  both  at
Headquarters and at Geneva,  as well as at the national and regional  levels
by  United  Nations  information  centres  and  services,  particularly   in
observance of  Human Rights  Day,  10  December.   In 1994,  the  observance
focused  on  the launch  of  the  United  Nations  Decade  for Human  Rights
Education.  As part  of the 1995 programme,  the Department is  organizing a
number of  seminars for  international  journalists to  highlight key  human
rights issues.  One of the seminars will be held at Headquarters during  the
discussion by the General Assembly of human rights  issues.  Another will be
held in  a major  European city  around the  time of  Human Rights  Day.   A
series  of  in-depth  articles  on  these  key  issues,  including  judicial
independence, the right  to development,  violence against  women, the  sale
and  prostitution of children, ethnic conflict and  racial discrimination is
being prepared for  use by the media in  connection with these seminars  and
for broader  distribution as  well.    The Department  is also  producing  a
number of  innovative print products designed  primarily for  use by schools
and  non-governmental  organizations.    Special  articles  have  also  been
produced on human  rights issues for use  by the media and  non-governmental
organizations  in connection  with the  World Summit for  Social Development
and the  Fourth  World Conference  on  Women.   United  Nations  information
centres and  services continue to perform  a valuable  role in disseminating
human rights information to local key audiences.


V.  PROMOTION OF MAJOR CONFERENCES  

42.   The  development of  information  campaigns  for major  United Nations
conferences  is one  of  the major  functions of  the  Promotion  and Public
Services Division.  Central  to the strategies for these conferences is  the
concept  that  each  forms  part  of a  continuum  and  contributes  to  the

incremental  progress  in   shaping  the  consensus  of  the   international
community on major issues in the  field of economic and  social development.
The  Department  has  established  focal  points  for  these  conferences to
formulate public information strategies and programmes in close  cooperation
with substantive  departments and offices.   These focal  points manage both
the preparations for  and the information operation  at each conference in a
coherent manner  in order  to meet  the needs  of the  media  and present  a
unified message.    The information  campaigns  all  have the  objective  of
increasing public awareness of the issues, broadening substantive  knowledge
and mobilizing greater political support and resources for action. 

43.    Critical  to  the  success  of  the information  component  of  every
conference is inter-agency  cooperation, which entails, among other  things,
the  establishment of  task forces  and a  focus on  selected issues.    For
example,  inter-agency   collaboration  in   implementing  the   information
strategy for  the World  Summit for  Social Development  was extensive  both
during the lead-up  to the Summit and during  the event itself.   Activities
were coordinated through regular meetings of the inter-agency Working  Group
on   Information  Activities  for  the  Summit,  chaired  by  the  Assistant
Secretary-General,  which helped  ensure that  JUNIC members  were kept well
informed and  were able  to contribute  fully to  the media  campaign.   The
success of  this  campaign in  generating interest  in and  coverage of  the
World Summit was noted  by the Committee  on Information at its  seventeenth
session.

44.    Beginning  with  the  International   Conference  on  Population  and
Development in  1994, the Department has  actively extended  its outreach by
coordinating  the   posting  of   materials  relating   to  United   Nations
conferences on the INTERNET and on the World Wide Web.   For example, at the
Social Summit, the  DPI team uploaded 373  speeches and press  releases into
the UNDP  Gopher database through  an INTERNET link  at the Summit.   As  an
experimental  service,  a  daily "photo  gallery"  was  established  on  the
INTERNET through  WWW:   each day,  about seven colour  photos were  chosen,
captioned,  scanned  and  uploaded.    With  a  computer, a  modem  and  the
necessary software,  these  pictures  could  be  accessed  through  WWW  and
downloaded for  free use.  Demand  for this kind of  service is expected  to
grow  substantially, as is  evidenced by  the fact that more  than 8,500 WWW
file retrievals were recorded during the Summit.

45.   For the  follow-up to  the Summit,  an information  strategy is  being
developed  in collaboration  with  inter-agency partners,  focusing  on  the
eradication  of poverty,  one of  the major  themes  of  the Summit  and the
subject of the international year to be observed in 1996.   A task force has
been established to coordinate inter-agency activities.   In preparation for
the launch  of the  International Year  for the  Eradication of Poverty,  in
December   1995,  the  Department  is  preparing  a  number  of  information
products, including  a brochure on the aims  and purposes of the Year and an
extensive in-depth backgrounder on  the issues.  A number of United  Nations
information  centres have  held  follow-up  briefings  for  media  and  non-
governmental organizations on the outcome of the Summit.  At the request  of
the United Nations Population Fund,  the Department is producing a series of
radio  programmes  as  a   follow-up  to  the  International  Conference  on
Population and Development for world wide  distribution in the official  and
other languages.

46.  For the Fourth World  Conference on Women, held at Beijing from 4 to 15
September  1995, the  Department used  all  means  available to  promote the
priority areas  identified by  the Conference.   In  addition to  mainstream
media  and  media  focusing primarily  on  women's  issues,  the  Department
targeted  communities and non-governmental  organizations at the grass-roots
level, educational  and  cultural  institutions  and  intergovernmental  and
parliamentary bodies.  A specialized  mailing list of well  over 1,200 media
organizations  and non-governmental  organizations for  periodic mailing  of
information  material   and  conference   documents  was   compiled.     The
Department's  information  campaign   was  aimed  at  highlighting   women's
important contributions  to society,  identifying the  major obstacles  they

face   and   encouraging  renewed   political   commitment   to   the   full
implementation   of  the   Nairobi   Forward-looking  Strategies   for   the
Advancement of Women to the Year 2000.   An inter-agency task force,  headed
by the Department, coordinated  activities on various  aspects of  promotion
and  coverage of the  Conference.   United Nations  agencies and programmes,
including UNICEF, the United Nations Development  Fund for Women, UNDP,  the
Office   of  the  United   Nations  High   Commissioner  for  Refugees,  the
International Research and Training Institute for  the Advancement of  Women
and the  United Nations Industrial  Development Organization contributed  to
the series  of feature  articles, Focus  on Women.   In addition,  an inter-
agency exhibit,  produced by the Department  to highlight  the issues before
the  International  Conference on  Population  and  Development,  the  World
Summit for Social Development and the  Fourth World Conference on Women, was
displayed at the Conference site in Beijing. 

47.   Funds were provided  to several United Nations information centres for
producing and disseminating conference-related public information  materials
in local languages.  Camera-ready copies  of information products were  made
available  to  Governments  and  non-governmental  organizations  for  local
reproduction.  The Department was a co-sponsor of the second edition of  The
World's Women:  Trends and Statistics, which included new sections on  women
and the  media and women  in peace-keeping.  Audiovisual  products were made
available  to broadcasting  organizations in  Member States  through  United
Nations information centres and services.   The Department also produced  an
edition of Notes for Speakers devoted to the advancement of women.

48.    To  achieve  the  greatest  impact  in  a  cost-efficient  manner  in
connection   with  the  dissemination  of  information  in  advance  of  the
Conference,  "UN in Action" programmes  on subjects related  to women, a 35-
minute video compilation on the advancement  of women and television  public
service  announcements were packaged in Arabic, English,  French and Spanish
for  easy use by  broadcasters. The  public service  announcements have also
been made available in Chinese  and Russian.  A series  of 10 special  radio
programmes  on  major issues  on  the  Conference  agenda  was produced  and
disseminated world wide.  The Department  also entered into a  co-production
partnership with a number of major  broadcasters and foundations to  produce
a  two-hour  programme  highlighting  the  achievements  of  women  in  five
countries.    The programme,  "Voices of  Change", had  its premiere  at the
Beijing Conference.    Owing to  the  extraordinary  media interest  in  the
Conference,  the Department organized  a series  of encounters  in New York,
New Delhi,  London, Accra and, prior  to the opening  of the Conference,  in
Beijing, to  bring together regional and national media, NGO representatives
and senior Conference officials.   
  
49.  Preparations are under way  for implementing the information  programme
for the Second United Nations Conference  on Human Settlements (Habitat II),
to  be held  at Istanbul  from 3  to 14  June 1996.    The  overall strategy
includes a multimedia information campaign  undertaken by the  Department in
close  cooperation with  the  United Nations  Centre  for  Human Settlements
(Habitat), the host Government and JUNIC  partners, encompassing a number of
different  products and  activities  targeting the  media,  non-governmental
organizations, educational institutions and  local authorities.   Production
has begun  on  some of  the  printed  material such  as  a brochure  and  an
information kit.  Work  is also under way  on the preparation  of radio  and
television programmes.   Information  centres will  undertake activities  to
publicize  the  Conference  through  round  tables,  press  briefings,   the
production of printed  materials in  local languages  and other  activities.
The  Department participated in  the first  planning mission  to Istanbul in
order  to  assess  the  facilities  being  provided  and  develop  plans for
Conference  coverage.     The  Department  was  represented  at  the  Second
Preparatory Committee  meeting, held  at  Nairobi, and  assisted with  press
coverage and publicity for the meeting. 


VI.  PUBLISHING ACTIVITIES  

50.   The Department's  activities in  the publishing  area are designed  to
reflect the vitality of United Nations  involvement in the major  issues and
challenges that confront  the international  community today.   The  outputs
thus  range  from  definitive, authoritative  reference  works  such  as the
Yearbook of  the United Nations and  the Blue Books  Series to more  popular
guides  and  educational products  such  as  Basic  Facts  about the  United
Nations, and from quarterly periodicals  such as the UN Chronicle and Africa
Recovery to more frequent, timely offerings  such as Development Update  and
Development Business.   In this way,  all United  Nations constituencies and
audiences can  find out what they  need to know about  any given issue  from
both  short-term  and  long-term  perspectives.  Operationally,   publishing
activities  have  benefited   enormously  from  the  expansion  of   desktop
publishing  capacity, as  designers, editors,  writers, managers  and  other
users have raised  productivity, cut costs and experienced greater  creative
freedom.  With such gains, the Department has  been able to produce  higher-
quality publications, which are  being sold to the  public.  The transfer of
the  Sales and  Marketing Section  to  the  Department is  another important
boost  in   this  respect,  ensuring  as   it  will   the  closest  possible
relationship  between the  development and  production of  the  Department's
major publications  and their  effective marketing  around the  world.   The
enhanced  electronic  production capacity  has  also  been  complemented  by
increased  efforts to  broaden  outreach  through  electronic  means.    The
Department's  products  are   increasingly  being  made  available   through
networks such as INTERNET and through other electronic redisseminators. 

 51.  In  compliance with paragraph 5  of General Assembly resolution  49/38
B,  the  Department  has  continued  to  ensure  the  timely  production and
dissemination  of its  major publications,  in particular the  UN Chronicle,
the Yearbook of  the United Nations and Africa  Recovery.  All major  United
Nations activities  and events of  priority to  the international community,
including the  cycle of conferences, are  comprehensively covered  by the UN
Chronicle.  A major promotional effort  to restore a significant  subscriber
base to  the French edition  of the UN  Chronicle is  under way  through the
Geneva Sales Unit, which targeted 17,000  potential new subscribers with the
March 1995  issue, and an additional  12,000 with the  September 1995 issue.
The Geneva Sales Unit is also involved in  promoting the English edition  in
Europe, initially targeting 13,000 additional subscribers.

52.  The  United Nations Publications Board  has been reinvigorated to guide
publications activities  on the issues most  relevant to  the United Nations
by better utilizing the wealth of  information uniquely available within the
Organization and by  the elimination of  duplication.  In  this regard,  the
Publications  Board, under  the  chairmanship of  the  Assistant  Secretary-
General for Public  Information, has become  instrumental in  ensuring "that
all publications fulfil an  identifiable need", as called for in paragraph 7
of resolution 49/38 B.   During the reporting period, the Board has reviewed
the  publications  programme  of the  United  Nations  as  a  whole  for the
biennium 1996-1997.   The activities of  the Board  have focused  on a  wide
range  of issues,  including  attribution of  authorship  in  United Nations
publications,   free   distribution   vis-a-vis   sales   distribution    of
publications,  guidelines for  electronic dissemination  of information  and
CD-ROM productions.  On the latter subject,  the Working Group on Electronic
Publishing recently completed the preparation of  a CD-ROM Publication Guide
for distribution throughout the  United Nations system as a how-to guide  to
publishing in this format. 

53.  In  the past year, the Department  began publication of the Blue  Books
Series, a  major innovation in  the publications  programme, representing  a
first effort to capture in single volumes the vital role the United  Nations
has  played  in peace-keeping  and  other major  issues  of concern  to  the
international community.  This authoritative series provides primary  United
Nations  research and  reference  materials for  policy  makers,  academics,
journalists and others interested in gaining  a deeper understanding of  the
work of  the United  Nations in  all its  diverse aspects.   By  the end  of
August   1995,  seven   Blue   Books  had   been  published,   covering  the
Organization's  involvement in  the struggle  against apartheid,  in  peace-

keeping operations in Cambodia, El Salvador  and Mozambique, and the pivotal
role of the United Nations in  nuclear non-proliferation, the advancement of
women and  human  rights.   Each  of the  Blue Books  contains  all the  key
documents pertaining to a particular issue  and an extensive introduction by
the Secretary-General.   A number of  leading international book  publishers
have expressed  strong  interest in  taking  over  the publication  of  this
series.  The publishing plan calls  for each book in the series to appear in
all six official languages.

54.    The Dag  Hammarskjold  Library  manages  a  substantial programme  of
recurrent and  ad hoc publications.   These include a  series of indexes  to
United  Nations documents:    UNDOC:   Current Index  (issued quarterly with
annual  cumulation on  microfiche) and  the  Indexes  to Proceedings  of the
General Assembly, the Security Council and  the Economic and Social Council.
Among other  publications,  the most  significant are  the recently  revised
manual  United  Nations  Documentation:    A  Brief  Guide  and  the amended
Instructions for Depository Libraries.

55.   With regard  to a system-wide  publication on  development issues, the
Joint United Nations  Information Committee, at  its twenty-first session in
July  1995,  considered  a  report  prepared  by  the  Department  of Public
Information as  called for  in paragraph  6 of  resolution 49/38  B.   Three
possible  approaches  were  put forward,  including:    (a)  continuing  and
building  upon  Development  Update; (b)  revival of  the  World Development
Supplement; and (c) development  of a new publication.  JUNIC agreed to look
further into the feasibility of a  new systemwide publication on development
and decided  to convene an ad hoc  session in early 1996 to discuss this and
other outstanding issues.  JUNIC requested  that the Department prepare  and
disseminate a comprehensive proposal on the issue.  

56.  In  July 1995, the Department and  the World Bank agreed to  co-produce
the twice-monthly publication  Development Business on development bank  and
United  Nations procurement.   This  newspaper  serves  the needs  of Member
States, international development banks and others interested in  monitoring
and bidding on development projects.   The Department of Public  Information
and the  World Bank  are taking  a multimedia  approach to  their new  joint
venture that combines an on-line information  service with the printed  word
and  a weekly  facsimile  service.   The new  joint  effort is  expected  to
broaden the dissemination of development project information.

57.  As  a concise account of the  Organization's work and contributions  to
major   issues  facing   the  international   community,  the   Department's
Publications Service produced a new edition of Basic Facts about the  United
Nations,  in  English,  French and  Spanish.   Responding  to  the needs  of
various   audiences,    particularly   the    media   and   non-governmental
organizations, the  Service also  introduced an  important new  publication,
entitled  A Guide  to  Information at  the United  Nations.   The  Guide  is
designed to provide easier  access to the wealth of information produced  by
the entire United Nations system.

58.   The  Department's  work  in  the  field of  cartographic  services  is
directed towards the preparation  of interpretive and  illustrative maps for
briefing  purposes and  various publications,  including the  UN  Chronicle.
More than  400 maps have  been provided to  the Department of  Peace-keeping
Operations,  the  offices of  the regional  commissions  and United  Nations
agencies  and programmes, as  well as  to external  publishers.  Substantial
efforts  are being  made to  enhance  the preparation  of computer-generated
maps and the ability to handle digital cartographic files.  


VII.  UNITED NATIONS INFORMATION CENTRES

59.   The importance  attached  by Member  States  "to  the role  of  United
Nations   information   centres   in    effectively   and    comprehensively
disseminating  information,   particularly  in   developing  countries   and
countries in transition, about United  Nations activities" is  recognized in

paragraphs 8 through 18 of General Assembly resolution 49/38 B.  

60.  Over the  reporting period, the 68  United Nations information  centres
and  services became,  more  than  ever  before,  essential  instruments  in
increasing  public awareness of and support for the work of the Organization
in its  major  fields of  endeavour.    United Nations  information  centres
attracted media attention to the efforts  and accomplishments of the  United
Nations by  linking  them to  local  issues  whenever  feasible.   As  media
scrutiny  intensified  with   the  fiftieth  anniversary  observance,   UNIC
directors assumed greater responsibilities for presenting and maintaining  a
positive image  of the  Organization.   At a  special meeting  at Geneva  in
January 1995, the  Secretary-General urged directors of information  centres
to take action to  counter erroneous reporting  in the media and to  respond
directly to negative reports.   In this regard,  the Department developed  a
strategy  by which  UNIC directors  can  respond  rapidly to  negative press
reports with  guidance from Headquarters, in  particular from  the Office of
the Spokesman for the Secretary-General.   Information centre directors have
also  personally briefed  media  representatives  and have  sought  to  make
frequent  personal appearances on radio and television programmes to respond
to public queries or comments about the Organization and its work.

61.     United  Nations  information  centres  have   been  instrumental  in
publicizing the Blue Books Series, working  closely with the United  Nations
Sales  Section  to launch  the  series  and  help  sustain long-term  public
interest and sales.   Their strategies included identifying influential book
reviewers,  academics  and  journalists  to  publish  in-depth  articles  in
scholarly journals  and in newspaper editorial  and op-ed pages,  organizing
panel discussions,  displaying the books prominently  at book  fairs and, in
one instance, translating one volume into the local language.

62.  United Nations information centres  have succeeded in broadening public
awareness  of   the  issues  before  the   United  Nations   and  its  major
international  conferences, achieving  significant gains  in  national media
coverage and within selected  target audiences.   The provision of funds  to
the centres  from conference  budgets, as  well  as from  budgets of  United
Nations  system  partners  such  as  UNDP   and  UNFPA,  have  enabled  many
information centres  to strengthen information  activities and develop  more
dynamic approaches to promoting the conferences.   In addition, through  the
establishment of  creative partnerships  with non-governmental organizations
and  other redisseminators,  including  regional media  and  national  media
women's groups  in such cities as  La Paz, Madrid  and Maseru, some  centres
were able to increase their outreach  with the publication and  distribution
of dossiers on issues prior to major United Nations conferences.

63.   Many United  Nations information  centres have  initiated, planned and
developed  educational  and youth-oriented  programmes  in cooperation  with
UN50   national  committees,   ministries  of   education,   United  Nations
associations,  non-governmental  organizations and  educational institutions
in  preparation  for the  global teach-in  scheduled for  October 1995.   In
addition to the holding of seminars  and symposia, information centres  have
increased  the  number  of model  United  Nations  programmes undertaken  in
cooperation with local high schools and universities.   UNIC staff have also
stepped  up  speaking  appearances  in  schools  and  are  cooperating  with
faculties  in the  development of  educational  programmes focusing  on  the
Organization's main areas of concern.

64.  To  date, 16 United  Nations information  centres have been  integrated
with UNDP field offices,  on a case-by-case basis  and in consultation  with
the respective host Governments, with a  view to achieving economies through
sharing  of  common  services  and  projecting   a  unified  image  of   the
Organization at the country level.

65.  As requested  by the General Assembly in paragraph 13 of its resolution
49/38 B,  continuing consultations with the Government of Poland  led to the
opening of  a United Nations  information office at  Warsaw in August  1995.
The premises,  located  within the  UNDP  office,  were inaugurated  by  the

Assistant Secretary-General.   Currently, public information  activities are
carried  out  by  UNDP  staff,  pending  the  recruitment  of  a local-level
information officer and a reference librarian.

66.  In  accordance with paragraph 14 of  the same resolution, and in  order
to  better serve German  audiences and  their information  needs, a national
information  officer  has  been   appointed  at  Bonn,   working  under  the
supervision  of the Director  of the  United Nations  Information Service at
Vienna.

67.    Special  efforts have  been made to  provide the libraries  of United
Nations information  centres  with  up-to-date  documentation  covering  all
aspects of the Organization's work.   Working closely with the Department of
Public Information at  Headquarters, UNIC libraries are fully equipped  with
United Nations  bibliographic  collections,  including, in  many  instances,
UNBIS Plus  on CD-ROM.  Forty-three  information centres  and field  offices
receive  United Nations materials  by electronic  mail; 32  receive the same
materials by  fax.   The  upgrading  of  information centre  facilities  has
resulted in  improved communication with target  audiences in  the field and
more rapid dissemination of information to the media.

68.  During 1995, the Department  organized training workshops for  national
officers and information  assistants of United Nations information  centres.
In  cooperation   with  the   Dag  Hammarskjold  Library,  a   training  and
orientation  workshop was  held for  reference assistants  on  technological
innovations  and  electronic access  to  United  Nations  information.   The
Library also  briefed newly  appointed staff of  United Nations  information
centres on information resources available at Headquarters.


VIII.  INTER-AGENCY COOPERATION

69.     The  Department   continues  to   work  towards  strengthening   its
professional cooperation with United Nations system partners, in  particular
the United Nations Development Programme at  Headquarters and in the  field.
The Department  arranges briefings  on information  policies and  programmes
and  operational procedures of  the information  centres on  a regular basis
for newly appointed  UNDP resident representatives  and especially for those
designated to serve as UNIC directors.

70.   In cooperation  with the  United Nations  Educational, Scientific  and
Cultural  Organization (UNESCO),  and in  compliance with  General  Assembly
resolution 49/38, the Department  continued its activities for the promotion
of independent  and pluralistic media.  In the tradition of earlier seminars
for the African  region, held at  Windhoek in  1991, for  the Asian  region,
held at  Alma Ata in 1992, and for the Latin  American and Caribbean region,
held at Santiago de Chile in 1994, the  Department advanced the preparations
for the convening of a seminar for  the Arab region, scheduled to take place
at Sana'a from 6 to 11 January 1996.

71.   The  Dag  Hammarskjold  Library  has begun  preparations  to host  the
meeting of  the  Task  Force  on Inter-Library  Cooperation,  Standards  and
Management of the  Information Systems Coordination Committee (ISCC),  which
includes all the specialized agencies, to be held in late October  1995.  At
a  meeting held  at Geneva  on 31 January  and 1 February  1995, the Library
presented  comprehensive material  on issues  related to  the more effective
use  of technological innovations  for cost-saving  as well  as for enhanced
communication  and cooperation by all users of  information resources within
the United  Nations system.   The  Library maintains  regular contacts  with
library  staff  of  the  specialized  agencies  to  further  cooperation  in
information management services within the United Nations system.

72.   At its twenty-first session, held in Paris from 5  to 7 July 1995, the
Joint  United  Nations Information  Committee  discussed  the  most  current
issues of  common concern.   In his  address to the  meeting, the  Assistant
Secretary-General  noted  that  information   professionals  of  the  United

Nations system faced a  very difficult challenge  in trying to focus  public
attention on  the Organization's  work in  the economic  and social  fields,
where the  bulk  of  its  resources  were  employed.    He  pointed  to  the
successful  collaboration of  JUNIC in  the  field  of major  United Nations
conferences  and to  the benefits  of  strong inter-agency  cooperation;  he
expressed  his  belief  that increased  effectiveness  would  result from  a
further streamlining of the JUNIC  agenda and encouraged its  members to use
the  annual  meetings  for  focusing  on   a  limited  number  of  important
information policy issues.

73.  JUNIC agreed that the experience of a common information programme  for
the  World Summit  for  Social  Development should  serve as  an  example of
successful inter-agency cooperation in the future.   In this connection, the
Department of Public Information was commended  for its work in coordinating
the implementation  of the  information programme and its  various elements.
At  the twenty-first session,  the Committee  recommended the appointment of
the Assistant SecretaryGeneral  for Public Information  as its  chairman for
1996/97.

  IX.  ACTIVITIES RELATING TO THE FIFTIETH
   ANNIVERSARY OF THE UNITED NATIONS

74.  As a  major contribution to the observance of the fiftieth  anniversary
of  the United  Nations, the  Department  issued  a special  edition of  the
Yearbook of the United  Nations, in August,  highlighting major achievements
of the Organization,  milestones and turning-points during its  half-century
of existence.

75.    During  the  reporting  period,  United Nations  information  centres
initiated and  were  instrumental in  the  creation  of  more than  80  UN50
national  committees. As  the  designated focal  points  for  the activities
undertaken  by  the United  Nations  system  in  the  countries they  serve,
information  centres, in  cooperation  with the  national  committees,  have
mobilized  diverse   local  constituencies  and  generated  extensive  media
coverage  for the  observance of  the Organization's  fiftieth  anniversary.
United Nations  information centres  have also  developed partnerships  with
national teachers' organizations, networks,  publishing houses, universities
and educational institutions in  organizing special commemorative programmes
to deepen understanding of the United  Nations and encourage teaching  about
the issues before the Organization at all academic levels.

76.  The Department  has produced and distributed,  in English and  in other
languages, the "50th Anniversary UN Minutes",  a series of television  spots
featuring  global  issues, events  and  personalities  associated  with  the
United Nations during its first 50 years.   These spots are being  broadcast
widely  and repeatedly in  many countries  through CNN  and other television
organizations.  They   are  also   being  made   available  to   educational
institutions  and  for special  screenings  by  United  Nations  information
centres.   The "UN  Minutes", together  with another  programme entitled "UN
Facts", have been broadcast by more  than 30 major television  organizations
world  wide  in  local  language  adaptations,  where  necessary,  including
broadcasters in Canada, Cyprus,  Germany, Lebanon, Mexico,  New Zealand, the
Republic  of Korea, the  Russian Federation,  Sweden, Turkey  and the United
States of America.

77.    In cooperation with CNN and  CNN International, staff  members of the
Department  hosted  and co-anchored  a  two-hour  special CNN  World Report,
which  was broadcast  internationally on  24  June  1995 to  commemorate the
fiftieth anniversary of the signing of the Charter of the United Nations  in
San Francisco.   In addition,  the Department provided editorial, production
and distribution support for  "A Place to Stand", a video overview of United
Nations history and achievements, in the six official languages.

78.  The Media Division has also prepared a  series of 12 video compilations
on  the history  of  the United  Nations on  issues  such as  women,  peace-
keeping,  international  law,  the  environment  and  refugees.    An  audio

compilation  of soundbites  of the  United Nations  Secretaries-General  was
also  prepared.  These  audiovisual compilations  were produced  to meet the
extraordinary  demand  by  radio  and  video   producers,  as  well  as   by
broadcasters world wide, who are preparing  documentaries on the history  of
the United  Nations.   The video  compilations have  been sold  to 37  major
broadcasters in  Germany, Italy,  Japan, Lebanon, South Africa,  the Russian
Federation, Spain, the United Kingdom of  Great Britain and Northern Ireland
and the  United States  of America.   They were also  distributed to  United
Nations offices in the field as well as  to United Nations associations  and
UN50  national  committees.    The  Division's  Photo  Unit  has  prepared a
catalogue  of historical  and thematic  photos  marking  50 years  of United
Nations history.


Notes

  1/    Official  Records  of  the   General  Assembly,  Fiftieth   Session,
Supplement No. 21 (A/50/21).
Annex

MAJOR DPI ACTIVITIES IN ACCORDANCE WITH GENERAL ASSEMBLY
RESOLUTION 49/38 B OF 9 DECEMBER 1994

(JANUARY-AUGUST 1995)


I.  INSTITUTIONAL PUBLICATIONSDPI No.
 1
Yearbook  of the United  Nations -  Special Edition  UN Fiftieth Anniversary
1945-1995, released in English in August
E.95.1.50  2An Agenda  for Development,  with Related  UN  Documents (book),
released  in six official  languages in  February1622 3An  Agenda for Peace,
with the  New Supplement  and Related UN  Documents (book), released  in six
official languages  in February1623  4Basic Facts  about the  United Nations
(book), released  in English,  French and  Spanish in  March1224 5Notes  for
Speakers - The UN at 50 (booklet), released  in English in July1698  6United
Nations  in  Brief  -  new  edition   (booklet),  released  in  English   in
June1223/Rev.2 7UN Chronicle (magazine), vol. XXXII,  Nos. 1 and 2, released
in six official  languages between January and  June 8A Guide to Information
at  the  United  Nations  (booklet),  released  in  English  and  French  in
March1444 9About the United Nations, a series  of backgrounders in the  form
of a  kit, released in  English in  July166910Public International  Law:   A
Selective     Bibliography     (multilingual    booklet),     released    in
MarchST/LIB/Ser.B/4011Dag   Hammarskjold   Library   Services    (brochure),
released     in    Arabic,     English,     French     and    Spanish     in
FebruaryST/LIB/4112United  Nations Documentation:   A Brief  Guide, released
in  six   official  languages   in  AugustST/LIB/34/Rev.213Instructions   to
Depository Libraries,  released in Arabic,  English, Russian  and Spanish in
AprilST/LIB/13/Rev.514UNBIS    Thesaurus,    released    in    English    in
MayST/LIB/40/Rev.115Information Guide on  Services to the  Public (reference
paper), released in English in March159816
DPI/NGO Link (monthly newsletter), released in English
II.  BLUE BOOKS SERIESDPI No.
 1
The United Nations and Cambodia, 1991-1995,  released in English in February
and in French in March
1450 2The United Nations and El  Salvador, 1990-1995, released in English in
March  and in Spanish in April1475 3The United  Nations and Apartheid, 1948-
1994, released  in French  in April  and in  Arabic in  May1568 4The  United
Nations and  Nuclear Non-Proliferation,  released in  English and French  in
March1628  5The  United  Nations  and  Mozambique,  1992-1995,  released  in
English in  May and  in French  in August1675  6The United  Nations and  the
Advancement  of  Women,  1945-1995,  released  in  Chinese  and  English  in
August1679  7The  United Nations  and Human  Rights, 1945-1995,  released in
French in August
1676

III.  PUBLICATIONS ON THEMATIC ISSUESDPI No.
A.Advancement of  women   1Notes for  Speakers  - The  Advancement of  Women
(booklet), released  in English  in May  1674   2Press kit  on Fourth  World
Conference on  Women,  released in  English,  French  and Spanish  in  July,
containing:   (1) "Women  and Poverty",  (2) "Literacy  and Education",  (3)
"Women's Health", (4) "Women in the  Global Economy", (5) "Violence  against
Women", (6) "Women and  the Environment", (7) "Politics and Decisionmaking",
(8) "The  Girl  Child", (9)  "Human  Rights",  (10)  "War and  Peace",  (11)
"Sources for  Fact Sheets", (12) Biographical  note of Secretary-General  of
the Conference Gertrude Mongella,  (13) "AIDS:  No Longer a Man's  Disease",
(14) "Wanted:   More Women Journalists", (15) "Forging Peace in War's Fire",
(16) "Girls Shoulder Women's Burden",(17)  "Putting Violence on Trial", (18)
"Economic   Reforms:    'Triple  Jeopardy'  for  Women",   (19)  Charts  and
photographs  1715/WomBackgrounders and  feature articles  on women's  issues
3"Literacy:   Key  to Women's  Empowerment" (revised  version), released  in
English,  French and Spanish in February 1567/Rev.1  4"Women and the Media",
released  in  English,  French  and Spanish  in  February 1656    5"The Girl
Child", released  in English, French  and Spanish  in May 1658   6"Measuring
Women's Unpaid Work", released in English, French  and Spanish in April 1659
7"Women  and Economic  Decision-making",  released in  English,  French  and
Spanish in  April  1671   8"The UN  and the  Status of  Women", released  in
English, French  and Spanish  in May  1672    9"Refugee Women",  released in
English, French  and Spanish  in May  1691   10"Women and the  Environment",
released in English, French and Spanish in April  1692  11"Conference to set
Women's Agenda into Next Century", released  in English, French and  Spanish
in June 1424/Rev.1  12"Violence against  Women" released in English,  French
and Spanish  in January  1595   13"The  NGO  Forum  on Women",  released  in
English, French  and  Spanish  in February  1615     14"Portraits of  Hope",
released  in English, French and  Spanish in February  1636  15"Fourth World
Conference on  Women - Fact  Sheet No. 5",  released in  English, French and
Spanish in March 1657   16Women Investing in the Future (book), released  in
English, French and Spanish in January 1513
B.    Economic  and  social  development    1Development  Update  (bimonthly
newsletter), Nos. 7-10, released in English  between January and August 1452
2Notes for Speakers - Social Development  (booklet), released in English  in
January 1625  3"World Economic and Social Survey",  press kit in conjunction
with high-level segment  of ECOSOC, released in  English and French in  June
1713  4Development  Business (bimonthly periodical), Nos. 405-422,  produced
in  English between  January and  August    5Information kit  in sustainable
development,  containing background/feature articles:      (1)"UN Convention
on  Desertification", produced in  French and Spanish  in January  SD/1576  
(2)"Programme  of Action for  Small Island  States", produced  in English in
January  and in French in  March SD/1609      (3)"UN Conference on Fisheries
Aims  to  Finalize  Agreement",  produced in  English  in  March SD/1883    
(4)"Legal  Agreement on  High Seas  Fishing Nears  Completion", produced  in
English  in April  SD/1885       (5)"Update on  Desertification Convention",
produced in  English in  January 1624  6Briefing  papers on the work  of the
Commission on  Sustainable Development consisting of:      (1)"Convention on
Desertification", released in English, French and  Spanish in February 1576 
 (2)"Information Notes",  Nos. 1-6,  released in English  in February  1660-
1665     (3)   "UN Commission on  Earth Summit Expected to Call for Panel on
Forests",  released in English  in April 1690     (4)"UN Commission on Earth
Summit  Sets Up  Panel to  Assess Need  for Forest  Agreement",  released in
English  in April  1699   7"Agenda  21",  reprint, released  in  English  in
February 1344   8"Agenda 21", reprint of popular version, released in French
in  June  SD/1298   9"Rio  Declaration",  reprint,  released  in French  and
Spanish in
 May  SD/1299    10"Action 93"  and  "Action  94",  briefing  papers  on the
implementation of Agenda 21, released in English in February SD/1616
 SD/1617
C.   Peace and  securityBackgrounders and  feature articles on peace-keeping
and international  security   1"The  United  Nations  and the  Situation  in
Somalia", released in English in April 1321/Rev.4   2"The United Nations and
the Situation in Liberia",  released in English in  April 1697  3"The United
Nations and the  Situation in Georgia", released in  English in April 1963  
4"Iraq-Kuwait  Resolutions",  released  in  Arabic  in  April  (English   in

December  1994)  1104/Rev.5   5"The  United  Nations  and  the Situation  in
Tajikistan", released in  English and Russian  in April  1685  6"The  United
Nations  and  the  Situation  in  Rwanda",  released  in  English  in  April
1484/Rev.1  7"The  United Nations and the  Situation in Haiti", released  in
English  and French in  March 1668  8"NPT  Conference" (press kit), released
in English and French in  March 1654  9"The United Nations and the Situation
in Angola",  released  in English  in  February  1552/Rev.1   10"The  United
Nations Peace-keeping  Information Notes", released  in English in  February
1306/Rev.4   11"Background Note  on Peace-keeping  Operations", released  in
English in January 1634   12"The United Nations  and the Situation in Former
Yugoslavia", released in English in January;  updates released in April  and
July 1312/Rev.2,
 3, 4   13Poster on peace-keeping,  released in English,  French and Spanish
in  May  1533   14Peace-keeping:    Answers  at  Your Fingertips  (booklet),
released in English  in January 1600D.   Africa Recovery/New Agenda for  the
Development  of Africa       1Africa  Recovery (magazine),  vol. IX,  No. 1,
released in English and French in June; vol.  IX, No. 2, released in English
in  August    2Special  Report of  the  Secretary-General  to ECOSOC  on the
Development  of  Africa (booklet),  released in  English  in  June    3Press
releases on "Policy  dialogue on African  development" and on  the "Role  of
the informal sector in Africa's development", issued in English in June
IV.      QUESTION   OF   PALESTINE/SPECIAL   INFORMATION  PROGRAMMEDPI   No.
1Prerequisite  for  peace  in  the  Middle  East  -  An  Israeli-Palestinian
Dialogue (book), released in English in  March1582 2Seminar on Assistance to
Palestinian People in Field  of Media Development, held  from 23 to 31 March
in  Madrid (with UNESCO)  3Three special  radio documentaries  on the Middle
East peace process, produced in Arabic,  French and Spanish between  January
and  May  4The United  Nations  and  the  Question  of Palestine  (booklet),
released in Chinese, German and Russian in August1481

V.  BRIEFINGS FOR  REPRESENTATIVES OF NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS1"United
Nations New Agenda for the  Development of Africa in the  1990s", held on 19
January2"Status of  United Nations High  Commissioner for Refugees", held on
26 January3"World Summit for  Social Development", held  on 2 February4"Role
of  Non-Governmental Organizations  in Development  Activities", held  on  9
February5"The 1995  Review Conference of  the Parties to  the Treaty  on the
Non-Proliferation   of   Nuclear   Weapons",   held   on   16   February6"In
Commemoration  of  the  United  Nations  Year  for  Tolerance",  held  on 23
February7"In  Commemoration  of  International  Women's  Day",  held  on   2
March8"The Ninth United Nations Congress  on the Prevention of Crime and the
Treatment  of Offenders", held  on 9  March9"The Russian  Federation and the
United Nations  Peace-keeping Operations",  held on  16 March10"The Role  of
the United Nations in the former Yugoslavia", held on 23 March11"Report  on:
'An Agenda  for Development 1995'", held  on 30 March12"The World Summit for
Social  Development:    An Update",  held  on  6  April13"The  Relationships
between the  UN Secretariat and the  NGOs", held on  13 April14"Follow-up to
the 1992 United Nations Conference on  Environment and Development", held on
20 April15"The United  Nations at Fifty", held  on 27 April16"UN War  Crimes
Tribunal",  held on 4 May17"Commemoration  of the Day of the African Child",
held  on  11  May18"1996 United  Nations  Conference  on  Human  Settlements
(Habitat II)", held on 18 May19"The  Open-ended Review on Consultation  with
Non-Governmental Organizations", held on  25 May20"International  Conference
on Mine  Clearance",  held on  1  June21"In  Commemoration of  the  Fiftieth
Anniversary  of the  United Nations  Charter", held  on  8  June VI.   VIDEO
PRODUCTIONS
 1
TV spot for the Fourth World  Conference on Women, produced  and distributed
in  the six official  languages in  June 2"UN  in Action",  30 three-to-five
minute videos, and 9 three-to-five minute  videos on women's issues produced
and distributed  in  Arabic, English,  French, Russian  and Spanish  between
January and  August 3"A  Place to  Stand", a  12-minute video on  the United
Nations's fiftieth  anniversary, co-produced with  Worldlink in English  and
distributed in June 4"UN Minute", 28 video  compilations on the history  and
achievements  of  the United  Nations, produced  and distributed  in English
between May and August  5"UN Facts", eight 30-second TV spots consisting  of
questions and  answers in connection with  UN50, produced  between March and

August in English 6"No  Place to Hide", a  30-minute video documentary on An
Agenda for  Peace, produced  in English in  June 7"Toil and  Trouble" a  30-
minute  documentary on key issues of the Social  Summit, produced in Arabic,
English, French and Spanish in February  8"World Chronicle", TV programme on
major  issues  before  the  United  Nations,  Nos.  577-594,  produced   and
distributed between January and August


VII.  SPECIAL RADIO FEATURE PROGRAMME/SERIES
 1
Series of  five radio programmes on Social Summit, in 15 languages, produced
and  distributed  2Series  of  six  radio  programmes  on  Law  of  the  Sea
Convention,  in  six official  languages  and  other  language  adaptations,
produced and distributed 3Series of 10  radio programmes in preparation  for
the  Fourth  World  Conference  on  Women,  in  15  languages,  produced and
distributed 4Special weekly radio  news programmes on  United Nations peace-
keeping in  the  former Yugoslavia,  in  English  and adaptations  in  other
languages,  produced and  distributed  5Fifty-six radio  reports  on  peace-
keeping,  in  English  and  adaptations in  other  languages,  produced  and
distributed 6Four radio programmes on disarmament, produced and  distributed
in English

VIII.     OTHER   MAJOR  ACTIVITIESQuantity1Press   releases  produced   and
distributed in  English and  French3 2642Radio  news magazines produced  and
distributed in the official  languages and in  nine other languages5603Radio
features/documentary  magazines  produced and  distributed  in  the official
languages and in nine other languages8054"World in Review" radio  programmes
produced and distributed  in English285Radio telephone feeds transmitted  in
six  official languages  and  in Portuguese3  2076Audio cassettes  and taped
radio programmes  distributed133 1417Edited  TV news  packages produced  and
distributed1 1048Photos  of meetings  and events  produced and  distributed7
9189Permanent accreditations  of correspondents  processed at  Headquarters3
04510Temporary accreditations  of correspondents  processed at Headquarters3
06811Accreditations   of  correspondents   processed   for   Social  Summit3
39412Participants in the  guided tours in Headquarters269 70613Requests  met
for  recordings from  the audio  library3 96114Requests  met for  recordings
from the  visual library1 09015Requests  met for TV  material and copies  of
tapes36016Requests  met for  cassette dubbing6  45017Requests met  from  the
photo library1 51218Bookings of studios at  other TV access facilities  (in-
house   services    and    accredited    broadcasters)1    66019Titles    of
publications/documents transmitted electronically to users worldwide  (until
July  1995)3  18620Electronic  access  to  UNBIS  at  the  Dag  Hammarskjold
Library14 49721Copies  of  publications/documents  transmitted by  pouch  to
users  world  wide  (until  July  1995)2  327  57722News  items  transmitted
exclusively for  news agencies  of developing  countries21623Loans processed
by   the  Dag  Hammarskjold  Library73  91924Queries  answered  by  the  Dag
Hammarskjold  Library57  40625Applications for  new  accreditations  of NGOs
completed4726Visitors   to   NGO   Resource  Centre1   54827Group  briefings
organized  by the Group Programme Unit80328Queries from  the public answered
by the Public  Inquiries Unit at Headquarters48 50029Acquisitions of  United
Nations   system    archival   material    and   external    publications147
70430Materials photocopied  for DHL  users406 39431Exchange  arrangements by
DHL  with  institutions  worldwide1  21532Requests  met  for  graphic  files
(reproductions of United Nations and other logos, conference graphics  etc.;
copies of  graphics on diskette) for NGOs, groups outside the United Nations
and United Nations offices
60


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