United Nations

A/50/425-S/1995/787


General Assembly
Security Council

Distr. GENERAL  

13 September 1995

ORIGINAL:
SPANISH


GENERAL ASSEMBLY    SECURITY COUNCIL
Fiftieth session    Fiftieth year
Items 25, 39, 52, 57, 65, 70, 74, 77,
  80, 97, 98, 99, 101, 105, 107, 109,
  110, 114 and 149 of the provisional
  agenda*
COOPERATION BETWEEN THE UNITED NATIONS
  AND THE LATIN AMERICAN ECONOMIC SYSTEM
LAW OF THE SEA
LAUNCHING OF GLOBAL NEGOTIATIONS ON
  INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC COOPERATION FOR
  DEVELOPMENT
COMPLIANCE WITH ARMS LIMITATION AND
  DISARMAMENT OBLIGATIONS
COMPREHENSIVE TEST-BAN TREATY
GENERAL AND COMPLETE DISARMAMENT
CONVENTION ON PROHIBITIONS OR
  RESTRICTIONS ON THE USE OF CERTAIN
  CONVENTIONAL WEAPONS WHICH MAY BE
  DEEMED TO BE EXCESSIVELY INJURIOUS OR
  TO HAVE INDISCRIMINATE EFFECTS
CONSOLIDATION OF THE REGIME ESTABLISHED
  BY THE TREATY FOR THE PROHIBITION OF
  NUCLEAR WEAPONS IN LATIN AMERICA AND
  THE CARIBBEAN (TREATY OF TLATELOLCO)
CONVENTION ON THE PROHIBITION OF THE
  DEVELOPMENT, PRODUCTION AND
  STOCKPILING OF BACTERIOLOGICAL
  (BIOLOGICAL) AND TOXIN WEAPONS AND ON
  THEIR DESTRUCTION
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND
  INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC COOPERATION
ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
OPERATIONAL ACTIVITIES FOR DEVELOPMENT
AGENDA FOR DEVELOPMENT

                       

  *  A/50/150.


95-27762 (E)   190995  200995/...

*9527762*
ELIMINATION OF RACISM AND RACIAL
  DISCRIMINATION
SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT, INCLUDING QUESTIONS
  RELATING TO THE WORLD SOCIAL SITUATION
  AND TO YOUTH, AGEING, DISABLED PERSONS
  AND THE FAMILY
ADVANCEMENT OF WOMEN
INTERNATIONAL DRUG CONTROL
HUMAN RIGHTS QUESTIONS
MEASURES TO ELIMINATE INTERNATIONAL
  TERRORISM


Letter dated 8 September 1995 from the Permanent Representative of
Ecuador to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General


  In  my capacity as Coordinator for the  Rio Group in New York,  I have the
honour to  transmit herewith a copy  of the Final  Declaration of the  Ninth
Meeting of Heads of State and  Government of the Rio Group, held in Quito on
4 and 5 September 1995 (see annex).

  I should  be grateful  if you  would have  the Final  Declaration and  its
appendices circulated as a document of the General  Assembly under items 25,
39, 52, 57,  65, 70, 74, 77,  80, 97, 98, 99, 101,  105, 107, 109, 110,  114
and 149 of the provisional agenda, and of the Security Council.


                                               (Signed)      Luis   VALENCIA
RODRIGUEZ
Permanent Representative
ANNEX

Final Declaration of the Ninth Meeting of Heads of State
and Government of the Rio Group, held in Quito on 4 and
5 September 1995


  We, the Heads of  State and Government  of the countries of the  Permanent
Mechanism for Consultation  and Policy Coordination (Rio Group), meeting  in
the city  of Quito  on 4  and 5  September 1995,  have agreed  to issue  the
following


Quito Declaration

1.   We note that democratic regimes  have become the  norm in the countries
members of  the Rio Group.   The conduct of free  elections and the  orderly
transfer of power;  the full exercise of  the right of political opposition;
the rule of law; the  separation and independence of  the different branches
of  government; efforts to  introduce structural  reforms aimed at expanding
citizen  involvement  and enhancing  social integration;  democratic control
over the  exercise of  authority; greater  access to  judicial systems;  and
freedom of expression are characteristic features  of democracy that are  no
longer mere aspirations, but present-day realities  in all of our countries.
This enables  us to  face with  optimism the  great challenges  we must  now
address in order to achieve full political and institutional development.

2.    We  have  decided to  continue  to  build  a common  agenda  based  on
coordination and  integration and  geared  towards promoting  peace and  the
common good,  consolidating and strengthening  democracy by recognizing  the
supremacy of civilian authority, modernizing the State and ensuring  greater
balance,  equity  and harmony  among  its  institutions,  and  administering
public  resources transparently  and  efficiently, in  accordance  with  our
conviction  that  we are  leading  our  nations towards  development through

social justice based on the promotion of and full respect for human rights.

3.  We reiterate  our Governments' commitment to  promoting the adoption  of
cooperation mechanisms in pursuing the fight  against corruption.  We firmly
believe  that criminal activity  of this  kind undermines  the legitimacy of
our  democracies,   tarnishes  the  prestige   of  their  institutions   and
contributes  to  a  process  of  social  disintegration  that  distorts  the
functioning  of  the economic  system.    In  this  regard,  we welcome  the
resolution on  probity and public ethics adopted by the  General Assembly of
the Organization of American  States (OAS) at its most recent session,  held
in Haiti in June,  and we pledge that our  countries will participate in the
specialized  conference  to  consider  the  adoption  of  an  inter-American
convention against corruption.

4.  We reaffirm  our strong commitment to  continuing the fight  against the
use and production of  drugs, as well  as the illicit trafficking and  other
crimes related  to those activities.   We believe that  failure to win  this
struggle would  endanger Latin  American societies  and democratic  systems.
It is therefore  essential to seek a  comprehensive solution to  the problem
which encompasses  the social and economic aspects of this  scourge, as well
as reciprocal commitments that lead to  a verifiable and significant decline
in  consumption  and  a  sharp  reduction  in supply.    We  also  feel that
energetic measures should be taken to combat money laundering,  distribution
organizations,  arms  trafficking  and   illicit  trafficking  in   chemical
precursors.   In this connection, we reaffirm our  support for the convening
of  a world  conference on  narcotic drugs  and for  the preparation  of  an
inter-American convention  against money laundering, and  we have agreed  to
work together to ensure  that the main consumer countries take a clearer and
more  decisive  view of  their  responsibility  for  helping  to solve  this
problem.

  In order  to prepare a framework  for coordinating  our countries' efforts
in this area,  we have also decided  to form a  working group  consisting of
the Ministers for Foreign  Affairs of Argentina,  Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia,
Ecuador, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru and  Uruguay.  The group will report
regularly to the Mechanism.

  In addition, we have agreed to  hold an ad hoc meeting of the Rio Group in
Panama  in the  first quarter  of 1996  to  discuss  the establishment  of a
centre, based in Panama, for combating drug trafficking and related crimes.

5.  We reiterate our condemnation  of terrorism in all its forms, as well as
our determination  to make vigorous, united  efforts to  combat this scourge
by all  available legal  means, since it  violates basic human  rights.   In
this connection, we express  our satisfaction at the convening of the Inter-
American Specialized Conference on Terrorism, which  will be held under  the
auspices of OAS.

6.   We reaffirm our conviction  that peace in our  region can be  preserved
only through respect  for the  principles enshrined in  the Charters of  the
United Nations  and of  OAS.   In this  regard, we  recall the  affirmations
contained  in  the 1986  Rio de  Janeiro  Declaration  and the  Buenos Aires
Declaration of  December 1992  with respect  to the  peaceful settlement  of
disputes.   We reiterate  our Governments' commitment  to seeking  peaceful,
negotiated  solutions, in conformity with international law, to disputes and
conflicts of all types in our  region.  In the same  spirit, we reaffirm our
unwavering  support  for the  efforts  made  in  those  countries which  are
undergoing processes of pacification and domestic reconciliation.

7.   We  reiterate the  importance of political  dialogue with  the European
Union and consider that its agenda  should also include further  exploration
of  economic,  social  and  educational  issues   and  of  the  transfer  of
technology.   We  are determined  to seek  ways  of overcoming  obstacles to
trade  and  to  encourage  European  investment  in  Latin  America  and the
Caribbean to obtain  more tangible  results during the forthcoming  meetings
on  this  subject.   At  the  same  time,  we  emphasize  the importance  of

gradually   instituting  suitable   legal  frameworks   for  promoting  such
investment.  We also feel it would be useful to foster  the establishment of
new mechanisms and to strengthen  existing ones for  promoting, facilitating
or  intensifying contacts between  entrepreneurs from  the two  regions.  In
this  regard,  we have  instructed  our  Ministers  for  Foreign Affairs  to
intensify this dialogue  with a view to  making further progress in specific
areas of cooperation between the two regions.

 8.   We stress the historic importance  of the Summit  of the Americas, its
Declaration  of  Principles  and  its  Plan  of Action.    We  agree  on the
desirability  of implementing  the commitments  made  at  the Summit  of the
Americas and  of improving mechanisms  for providing  efficient follow-up to
ensure that its objectives  are met.   In this connection, we highlight  the
importance of the document on the  implementation of the Summit  agreements,
presented by  the Ministers for  Foreign Affairs in  Montrouis, Haiti, on  4
June 1995.

9.   We affirm our commitment  to continue  implementing political, economic
and social programmes in our countries in  order to promote the  development
of our peoples  with a view to eradicating  the poverty that still  subsists
in the region.  In this  context, we welcome the offer  of the Government of
Chile to  host a  hemispheric conference on  the eradication of  poverty and
discrimination in  Santiago, on  18 and  19 February  1996, as  part of  the
follow-up  to the  Plan  of  Action of  the Summit  of the  Americas.   This
conference will  be  devoted  to  the  study  of  activities  and  areas  of
cooperation on the issue.

10.   We  point out  that  in order  to provide  regional  follow-up  to the
commitments made at the World  Summit on Social Development  held last March
in  Copenhagen, the competent  ministers of the  countries of  the Rio Group
met  in Buenos  Aires  on  4 and  5 May  1995  to finalize  a programme  for
cooperation and  policy coordination on social  issues aimed  at meeting the
challenge of  achieving equity  and social justice and  strengthening social
programmes within the context of national and international solidarity.

11.    We  express  our  satisfaction  that  the  United  Nations conference
convened to implement the provisions of  the Rio Declaration on  Environment
and Development has recently adopted an  agreement on implementation of  the
provisions of  the 1982  United Nations  Convention on  the Law  of the  Sea
relating  to  conservation  and management  of  straddling  fish  stocks and
highly migratory fish stocks in the high seas.  This agreement  will make it
possible to  devise effective  measures for the protection  and conservation
of living resources of  the high seas, which are fundamental as food sources
for our peoples.

12.   We urge the  countries which have  not yet  done so to  ratify without
delay the international conventions on biological diversity, climate  change
and  desertification,  instruments   which  will  be  useful  in   achieving
sustainable development in the hemisphere.

13.  We  express our concern  at attempts  to enforce  domestic laws  beyond
territorial  boundaries   in  violation   of  international   law  and   the
fundamental principles governing  coexistence in the  region.   Such actions
violate the  sovereignty of  other States  and are  contrary to  unanimously
accepted transparent trade practices.

14.  We express support for  the initiatives for integration and cooperation
in Latin  America, the Caribbean  and the hemisphere  and draw  attention to
the momentum that these have  gained over the last few  years.  We  reaffirm
the importance  of continuing  to support efforts by  regional organizations
to  expand  the  process  of  integration  on  the  basis  of  the  existing
bilateral,  subregional   and  regional  agreements   and  to  promote   the
convergence of such agreements in keeping with  the commitments made in  the
past  at the  recent  Summit  of the  Americas  and within  the World  Trade
Organization.   With  this in  view,  we  reiterate our  positive  interest,
stated at  that Summit, in  advancing towards free and  transparent trade by

the year  2005.   We note  the progress  achieved at  the recent  meeting in
Denver and look forward to the forthcoming meeting of trade ministers to  be
held in Cartagena, Colombia, in March 1996.

15.    We recognize  the  need to  rationalize  the operations  of  regional
organizations  involved in  integration and  cooperation and,  possibly,  to
restructure  them  in  order  to  strengthen   and  adapt  them  to  changed
conditions and  new  needs in  the region.   In  this regard,  we note  with
approval the serious thought and restructuring  that have been initiated  by
some  of  these organizations,  in particular,  the Latin  American Economic
System (SELA)  and the Latin American  Integration Association  (ALADI).  We
agree  that the  technical  support  of  these organizations,  within  their
spheres of competence, will  provide useful inputs  for the work of the  Rio
Group.

16.  We  express our firm resolve to advance the physical integration of the
countries of the  region through concerted policies and actions.  In pursuit
of  this objective,  which we  consider  essential  to consolidation  of the
various  integration initiatives  in the  Americas and for  their subsequent
coordination  on  a  hemispheric  scale,  we  resolve  to  recommend  to the
competent authorities  of our countries that  a proposal  should be prepared
for  consideration  at  the  next  summit.    This  proposal  would envisage
implementation  of the  main  regional transport,  communication  and  other
relevant infrastructure projects,  which would require participation of  the
public and  private  sectors, bearing  in  mind  their contribution  to  the
expansion  of trade  in our  region and  to links of  all kinds  between our
countries  and their  ability to  attract  the  major investments  that such
projects require.

17.  We  recognize the need to give priority  to the use of regional  energy
resources.    In  that  connection,  we   agree  to  develop  regional   and
hemispheric cooperation in the field of  energy through plans and programmes
that are  compatible with  national strategies and  as a means  of achieving
the sustainable  development objectives  which we  have set  ourselves.   In
this  context,  special   emphasis  should  be   placed  on   ensuring  that
international  financial  institutions  make  the  most  effective  use   of
existing  financing facilities  and  establish additional  ones,  attracting
capital investments in  conditions of  respect for the domestic  legislation
of each  country and using efficient  energy technologies  mainly to support
the execution  of the  projects that  are necessary  for our region  in this
sector.

18.   We  note  that economic  globalization  has led  to  greater  economic
liberalization and  to  the integration  of  our  countries into  the  world
economy.  Nevertheless,  given  the  integration  of  capital  markets   and
advances  in technology, which permit massive and instantaneous transfers of
resources,  confidence-building measures  must be  taken  to  tap a  part of
these  flows of  external savings  and to  avoid the  risks associated  with
their volatility.

  However, it  is the encouragement and  retention of  domestic savings that
will set the stage for a healthy,  long-term recovery, with external savings
being used  only as a supplement  to national resources.   The countries  of
the region will therefore have to promote the exchange of their  experiences
in  encouraging domestic savings, as well as consultations with institutions
and experts from other regions.

  The  free and  orderly development  of  financial  markets should  also be
promoted   and  mechanisms   developed  to   bring  about   a  more   stable
international financial system  which would ensure that increased  resources
are available to its  institutions and that  the latter would be capable  of
detecting,  in time,  potential exchange-rate  and financial  crises,  which
negate  the considerable  efforts being  made  by  our countries  to achieve
economic reform, liberalization and stability.

19.  Noting the importance of achieving consensus  in the hemisphere for the

promotion  of economic  and social  development policies while  ensuring the
efficient use  of natural  resources, we  declare our  firm support  for the
convening of the Summit Conference on  Sustainable Development which will be
held in the city of Santa Cruz, Bolivia, during the second half of 1996.

20.   As  the  elected  leaders  of  countries  of  Latin  America  and  the
Caribbean, the first nuclear-weapon-free  zone, we express  our deep concern
over  and condemnation of  the resumption of  nuclear tests  by the People's
Republic of  China and the  decision of the  Government of  France to resume
testing  in  the  Pacific,  the  geographic  region  in  which  most  member
countries of  the Rio  Group are  situated.  Considering  that such  actions
adversely  affect  the  climate  for  the   pursuit  of  negotiations  on  a
comprehensive   nuclear-test-ban   treaty,   we  urgently   appeal   to  the
Governments  of all States  which possess  this type  of weapons  to observe
unilateral or agreed moratoria on all nuclear testing  in order to speed  up
the negotiations  on an effectively  verifiable multilateral treaty  banning
all nuclear tests.

  We support the decision  of the Council of  the Agency for the Prohibition
of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL) to convene  a
meeting with the  members of the Consultative  Council of the South  Pacific
Nuclear-Free  Zone  Treaty  (Treaty  of  Rarotonga),  to  develop  a  common
strategy for  the adoption  by the  fiftieth session  of the United  Nations
General Assembly of an immediate moratorium on all nuclear testing.

21.  We urge those countries  which have not yet done  so to sign and ratify
as  early as possible the  Convention on the Prohibition of the Development,
Production,   Stockpiling  and   Use  of  Chemical  Weapons   and  on  Their
Destruction. We  reaffirm our intention to  work together  to strengthen the
Convention  on  biological  weapons  through  the  adoption  of  appropriate
measures.    We  also  affirm  our   intention  to  cooperate  in  promoting
transparency  in the  international  transfers  of weapons  and  in  defence
budgets and expenditures.

22.  We agree to convene  the tenth Meeting of Heads of State and Government
in the city of Cochabamba, Bolivia, in 1996.

23.   We, Heads  of State and  Government, meeting  in Quito,  would like to
express our gratitude  to the  President of the  Republic of Ecuador,  Sixto
Duran Ballen,  to  his  Government  and to  the  people  of Ecuador  and  we
congratulate  them on the  efficient organization  and conduct  of the ninth
summit of the Permanent Mechanism for Consultation and Policy Coordination.
APPENDIX I

Declaration of the Presidents of the Rio Group on prospects for
regional integration, issued in Quito on 5 September 1995


  We, the Heads of  State and Government of the Rio Group, having considered
the item "Prospects for regional integration",  have decided to establish  a
working  group consisting of  the Ministers  for Foreign  Affairs of Brazil,
Chile, Ecuador  and Uruguay to consider  and recommend  courses of immediate
action for the  rationalization of regional institutions, both  governmental
and non-governmental.  The working group will hold  its first meeting in New
York during  the fiftieth session of the United Nations General Assembly and
shall submit a report to the Governments within 60 days.
APPENDIX II

Declaration of the Presidents of the Rio Group expressing
gratitude to the Government and President of Colombia,  
issued in Quito on 5 September 1995


  We, the Presidents of  the countries members of  the Rio Group, meeting in
the city of Quito, express our most profound gratitude to the Government  of
Colombia and  to its President,  Mr. Ernesto Samper, for  their resolute and

effective  efforts  to  combat  drug  trafficking  and  we  offer  them  our
solidarity and  support in  that undertaking,  which is  vital to  the well-
being and stability of the region.
APPENDIX III

Declaration of the Presidents of the Rio Group on social
development, issued in Quito on 5 September 1995


  The Presidents of the  countries members of  the Rio Group meeting in  the
city of Quito,

  Considering that the ultimate  purpose of the State  is none other than to
create more equitable societies in which all members  can realize their full
human potential in terms  of the material satisfaction of their basic  needs
and their intellectual and  spiritual development in  conditions of freedom,
dignity, equality  of opportunity  and full  respect  for fundamental  human
rights,

  Aware that  their societies are still affected by other  factors which, to
varying degrees,  impede the  attainment of  the above-mentioned  objective,
including extreme poverty, discrimination against women, child neglect,  and
inadequate educational and health services,


Declare that:

1.   They reaffirm  the right  of their  peoples to  satisfactory levels  of
development in the various  areas which give true meaning to the concept  of
social development;

2.  They  will undertake or increase efforts  to combat extreme poverty  and
to improve  within the shortest possible time the conditions of the neediest
members of society;

3.   They will  adopt or  strengthen concrete  measures  to incorporate  and
ensure the full participation of marginalized  sectors of the population  in
the economic, social, civic and cultural life of member States;

4.  They will  make greater efforts to eradicate all forms of discrimination
and to promote more equitable patterns of wealth and income distribution;

5.   Their Governments  will cooperate  even more  closely in  a climate  of
peace, good-neighbourliness,  goodwill and  a sense  of  urgency to  achieve
social progress for their peoples.


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