United Nations

A/50/357-S/1995/709


General Assembly
Security Council

Distr. GENERAL  

18 August 1995

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


GENERAL ASSEMBLY  SECURITY COUNCIL
Fiftieth session  Fiftieth year
Item 65 of the provisional agenda*
COMPREHENSIVE TEST-BAN TREATY


           Letter dated 16 August 1995 from the Permanent Representative
           of the United States of America to the United Nations
addressed to the Secretary-General


  I have  the honour  to enclose  herewith the text  of a  statement by  the
President  of the  United States concerning a  comprehensive test-ban treaty
(see annex).

  May I ask for  your kind assistance in  circulating the present letter and
attached statement as a  document of the General Assembly, under item 65  of
the provisional agenda, and of the Security Council.


(Signed)  Madeleine K. ALBRIGHT















________________________

  *  A/50/150.


95-24356 (E)   180895/...

*9524356*
ANNEX

Statement on a comprehensive test-ban treaty by the President
of the United States of America made on 11 August 1995


  Today  I  am  announcing  my  decision  to  negotiate  a  true  zero-yield
comprehensive test ban.   This is  a historic  milestone in  our efforts  to
reduce the  nuclear threat and to  build a safer world.   The United  States
will  now  insist on  a  test  ban  that  prohibits any  nuclear-weapon-test
explosion.  I am  convinced this decision will  speed the comprehensive test
ban next year.

  As a central part  of this decision, I am establishing concrete,  specific
safeguards  that define the  conditions under  which the  United States will
enter into a  comprehensive test ban.   These safeguards will strengthen our
commitments  in the  areas  of intelligence,  monitoring  and  verification,
stockpile  stewardship, maintenance  of our  nuclear laboratories  and  test
readiness.   They  also specify  the circumstances  under which  I  would be
prepared, in  consultation with Congress,  to exercise  our supreme national
interest rights under a comprehensive test  ban to conduct necessary testing
if the  safety or reliability of  our nuclear deterrent  could no longer  be
certified.

  As  a part of this arrangement I am today directing the establishment of a
new annual  reporting and  certification requirement that  will ensure  that
our nuclear  weapons remain  safe and  reliable under  a comprehensive  test
ban.

  I appreciate the time,  the energy and the  wisdom that the Secretaries of
State, Defense and  Energy, the Chairman of the  Joint Chiefs of Staff,  the
Directors  of  Central  Intelligence and  the Arms  Control  and Disarmament
Agency have  all devoted  to the  review of  this crucial national  security
issue over the last several months.

  American  leaders since Presidents  Eisenhower and Kennedy have believed a
comprehensive  test  ban  would  be  a  major  stride  towards  stopping the
proliferation  of  nuclear  weapons.   Now,  as  then, such  a  treaty would
greatly strengthen the security of the  United States and nations throughout
the world. But now, unlike then, such a treaty is within our reach.

  It  would build upon the  successes we have  achieved so  far:  securing a
permanent extension of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty; freezing  North
Korea's nuclear programme; cutting existing nuclear arsenals by putting  the
START I  treaty into  force; persuading  Ukraine, Belarus  and Kazakstan  to
give up  their nuclear  weapons and  to reach  agreements  with the  Russian
Federation  that  now mean  that  both  our nations  no  longer  target  our
missiles at each other.

  A comprehensive  test ban is  the right step  as we  continue pulling back
from  the nuclear precipice, a precipice  we began to live with 50 years ago
this week. It  moves us one step closer  to the day  when no nuclear weapons
are detonated anywhere on the face of the Earth.


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