United Nations

A/50/35


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

17 November 1995

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


Fiftieth session

REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE ON THE EXERCISE OF THE
INALIENABLE RIGHTS OF THE PALESTINIAN PEOPLE*
________________________

  *   The present document is  a mimeographed version of  the report of  the
Committee  on the  Exercise of  the  Inalienable  Rights of  the Palestinian
People,  which will  be issued  in final  form  as  Official Records  of the
General Assembly, Fiftieth Session, Supplement No. 35 (A/50/35).


95-36059 (E)   241195/...
*9536059*
CONTENTS

  Paragraphs  Page

LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL ..................................................3

I.  INTRODUCTION .........................................1 - 84  

II.  MANDATE OF THE COMMITTEE .............................9 - 126  

III.  ORGANIZATION OF WORK .................................13 -178  

  A.  Election of officers .............................13 - 148  

  B.  Participation in the work of the Committee .......15 - 168  

  C.  Re-establishment of the Working Group ............ 178  

IV.  REVIEW OF THE SITUATION RELATING TO THE QUESTION OF
  PALESTINE ............................................18 - 289  

V.  ACTION TAKEN BY THE COMMITTEE ........................29 -10112  

  A.  Action taken in accordance with General Assembly
      resolution 49/62 A ...............................29 - 4212

    1.  Reaction to developments affecting the
      inalienable rights of the Palestinian people .29 - 4012  

    2.  Attendance at international conferences and
      meetings ..................................... 4113  

    3.  Action taken by United Nations bodies, the
      Movement of Non-Aligned Countries and
      intergovernmental organizations .............. 4214

  B.  Action taken by the Committee and the Division for
    Palestinian Rights in accordance with General
      Assembly resolutions 49/62 A and B ...............43 - 10115

    1.  Seminars .....................................45 - 6716

    2.  Cooperation with non-governmental
      organizations ................................68 - 9421  

    3.  Research, monitoring and publications ........95 - 9826  

    4.  United Nations information system on the
      question of Palestine ........................ 9927

    5.  International Day of Solidarity with the
      Palestinian People ...........................100 - 10127  

VI.  ACTION TAKEN BY THE DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC INFORMATION
  IN ACCORDANCE WITH GENERAL ASSEMBLY RESOLUTION 49/62 C102 -11428  

VII.  RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE COMMITTEE .....................115 -12430  
LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL


15 November 1995

Sir,

  I have the  honour to enclose herewith the  report of the Committee on the
Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of  the Palestinian People for submission
to the General  Assembly in accordance  with paragraph  5 of its  resolution
49/62 A of 14 December 1994.

  Accept, Sir, the assurances of my highest consideration.


                                             (Signed)Keba Birane CISSE
Chairman of the Committee on the
Exercise of the Inalienable Rights
of the Palestinian People


































His Excellency
Mr. Boutros Boutros-Ghali
Secretary-General of the United Nations
I.  INTRODUCTION


1.    The  Committee  on  the  Exercise of  the  Inalienable  Rights  of the
Palestinian  People  was   established  by  the  General  Assembly  in   its
resolution 3376  (XXX) of 10 November 1975, in which  the Assembly requested
the  Committee to  consider and  recommend  to it  a programme  designed  to
enable  the  Palestinian  people  to  exercise  its  inalienable  rights  as
recognized by the Assembly  in resolution 3236  (XXIX) of 22 November  1974.
During the reporting  period the Committee  continued to  be composed of  23
Member  States, as  follows:   Afghanistan,  Belarus, Cuba,  Cyprus, Guinea,
Guyana,  Hungary,   India,  Indonesia,  Lao  People's  Democratic  Republic,
Madagascar,  Malaysia, Mali,  Malta,  Nigeria, Pakistan,  Romania,  Senegal,
Sierra Leone, Tunisia, Turkey, Ukraine and Yugoslavia. 1/

2.   The  recommendations made by the  Committee in its first  report to the
General Assembly 2/ were endorsed by the Assembly in resolution 31/20 of
24 November 1976 as a basis for the solution of the question of Palestine. 
In its subsequent reports  3/ the Committee  has continued to stress that  a
comprehensive, just and lasting solution of  the question of Palestine,  the
core of  the Arab-Israeli  conflict, must  be based  on the  relevant United
Nations resolutions and the following essential principles:   the withdrawal
of  Israel from  the Palestinian  territory occupied  since 1967,  including
Jerusalem,  and from the  other occupied  Arab territories;  respect for the
right  of  all States  in the  region  to  live in  peace within  secure and
internationally recognized boundaries;  and the recognition and exercise  of
the  inalienable rights of  the Palestinian  people, primarily  the right to
self-determination. 

3.   The  Committee  has welcomed  the  signing  in  September 1993  of  the

Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements by  Israel
and the  Palestine Liberation Organization  (PLO) (A/48/486-S/26560,  annex)
as  well as  the Gaza-Jericho  Agreement  of May  1994 (A/49/180-S/1994/727,
annex)  and other implementation agreements, as important  steps towards the
achievement  of  a  comprehensive, just  and  lasting  settlement  based  on
Security Council resolutions 242 (1967) and  338 (1973) and the  realization
of  the inalienable  rights of  the Palestinian  people.   The Committee has
stated  that  it will  continue to  strengthen  its  efforts to  promote the
attainment of  those rights and the  full implementation  of the Declaration
of  Principles and  the subsequent agreements and  to mobilize international
assistance to the Palestinian people during  the transitional period.   Each
year,  the General  Assembly has  endorsed the  Committee's  recommendations
with overwhelming  support and has renewed  its mandate and  expanded it, as
necessary.

4.   During  the year  under review, the  Committee noted  with satisfaction
that the peace  process initiated  at Madrid in  October 1991 had  continued
despite  many   difficulties  and   that  the  parties   had  affirmed   its
irreversibility and  their determination to  maintain, sustain and  continue
that process.   The Committee welcomed as an  important further step in  the
process  the signing,  on 28  September 1995,  in Washington,  D.C., of  the
Israeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement on the West  Bank and the Gaza  Strip,
which supersedes  the earlier implementing agreements  and provides for  the
establishment of  Palestinian interim  self-government  arrangements in  the
West Bank and Gaza  Strip.  The Committee  emphasized that the  transitional
period had reached  a crucial stage, which  required the full and  effective
implementation of  the agreements  reached, as  well as  confidence-building
measures  and  in  particular  an end  to  the policy  of  settlements, land
confiscation and closures,  as well as  an end to acts of  violence aimed at
jeopardizing  the peace  process.   The  Committee  expressed the  hope that
further progress would soon be achieved in the other negotiating tracks.

5.   On  6  November  1995,  the  Bureau  of  the  Committee  condemned  the
assassination of the Prime Minister of  Israel, Yitzhak Rabin, and expressed
its hope  that that criminal  act would  not have  an adverse effect  on the
Middle  East  peace  process to  which  Israel  and  the  PLO  had committed
themselves.

6.  The  Committee affirmed once  again the permanent responsibility  of the
United  Nations with  respect  to  the  question of  Palestine  until it  is
resolved  in  all  its  aspects.   It  emphasized  the  need  for  the  full
engagement of the  United Nations in the peace process and in the process of
building  the  Palestinian  self-government  institutions,  as  well  as  in
providing varied assistance to the Palestinian people in all needed fields.

7.   Expressing concern  at the  continued deterioration  of the Palestinian
economy  and the  problems of  poverty,  unemployment  and lack  of adequate
infrastructure  faced by  the  Palestinian Authority,  the  Committee  urged
Member  States  to  expedite  the  provision  of   economic,  technical  and
development assistance  to the  Palestinian people  in order  to help  build
solid foundations for peace.

8.   The  Committee  firmly  believes that,  as  the organ  of  the  General
Assembly dealing with the question of Palestine, it  can make a valuable and
positive contribution to  United Nations endeavours during the  transitional
period  by  continuing to  promote  dialogue  and  to  educate and  mobilize
international  opinion  and  action  for   the  successful  outcome  of  the
agreements  reached by the  parties and  in solidarity  with the Palestinian
people until a comprehensive, just and lasting settlement is achieved.   The
Committee intends  to continue to  devote a major  part of  its programme of
work to this objective.

II.  MANDATE OF THE COMMITTEE


9.    The mandate  of  the  Committee  for the  year  1995  is contained  in

paragraphs 2  to 6  of General  Assembly resolution  49/62 A of  14 December
1994, in which the Assembly:

  (a)  Considered that  the Committee could continue  to make a valuable and
positive  contribution to  international efforts  to promote  the  effective
implementation of the  Declaration of Principles on Interim  Self-Government
Arrangements and  to mobilize  international support  for and  assistance to
the Palestinian  people during  the transitional  period;  and endorsed  the
recommendations of the Committee and requested it to continue  to keep under
review the  situation relating to  the question of  Palestine and to  report
and  make  suggestions  to  the  Assembly   or  the  Security  Council,   as
appropriate;

  (b)  Authorized the Committee to continue to exert all efforts to  promote
the exercise of  the inalienable rights of  the Palestinian people, to  make
such  adjustments in  its approved  programme of work  as it  might consider
appropriate and  necessary in  the light  of developments,  to give  special
emphasis to the need to  mobilize support and assistance for the Palestinian
people, and to report  thereon to the  Assembly at its fiftieth session  and
thereafter.

  (c)   Also requested the  Committee to continue to  extend its cooperation
to non-governmental organizations in their contribution towards  heightening
international awareness of the facts relating  to the question of  Palestine
and promoting support and  assistance to meet the  needs of the  Palestinian
people,  and  to  take  the  necessary  steps  to  involve  additional  non-
governmental organizations in its work.

10.   In  its  resolution 49/62  B, also  of 14  December 1994,  the General
Assembly considered  that the Division  for Palestinian  Rights continued to
make  a useful  and constructive  contribution through  the  organization of
seminars and meetings of non-governmental organizations, as well as  through
its research,  monitoring and publication activities, and the collection and
dissemination of  information in printed and  electronic form  on all issues
pertaining  to  the question  of  Palestine.    The  Assembly requested  the
Secretary-General to  continue to  provide the Division  with the  necessary
resources,  including  the   further  development  of  the  United   Nations
information  system  on the  question of  Palestine, and  to ensure  that it
continued to  discharge the tasks detailed  in the  pertinent resolutions of
the  Assembly, in  consultation with  the Committee  on the  Exercise of the
Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People and under its guidance.

11.  In  its resolution 49/62 C, of  14 December 1994,  the General Assembly
requested the  Department of  Public Information,  in  full cooperation  and
coordination  with   the  Committee,   to  continue,   with  the   necessary
flexibility  as may be  required by  developments affecting  the question of
Palestine, its special  information programme  on the question of  Palestine
for the  biennium 1994-1995, with particular  emphasis on  public opinion in
Europe and North America.

12.   In carrying out its  programme of work,  the Committee  also took into
account  General  Assembly  resolution   49/62  D,  in  which  the  Assembly
reaffirmed the necessity of achieving a  peaceful settlement of the question
of Palestine,  the core of  the Arab-Israeli conflict,  in all its  aspects;
expressed its  full support  for the ongoing  peace process, which  began at
Madrid,  and  the  Declaration  of  Principles  on  Interim  Self-Government
Arrangements,   as  well   as  subsequent   implementation  agreements,  and
expressed  the hope that  the process  would lead to the  establishment of a
comprehensive, just  and lasting peace  in the Middle  East; called for  the
timely and  scrupulous implementation of  the agreements reached between the
parties towards  the  negotiation  of  the final  settlement;  urged  Member
States  to expedite the  provision of  economic and  technical assistance to
the  Palestinian people  during this  critical  period; and  emphasized  the
importance for the United  Nations to play  a more active and expanded  role
in the current  peace process and in  the implementation of the  Declaration
of Principles.

III.  ORGANIZATION OF WORK


A.  Election of officers

13.  At its 212th  meeting, on 3 February 1995, the Committee re-elected Mr.
Keba Birane Cisse (Senegal) as Chairman,  Mr. Ravan Farhadi (Afghanistan) as
Vice-Chairman and Mr. Joseph Cassar (Malta) as Rapporteur.
At  its 215th  meeting, on  17 May  1995,  the  Committee elected  Mr. Bruno
Eduardo Rodriguez Parrilla (Cuba) as Vice-Chairman of the Committee.

14.  At its  213th meeting, on 22 February  1995, the Committee  adopted its
programme of work for 1995 4/ in implementation of its mandate.


B.  Participation in the work of the Committee

15.   As  in  previous  years,  the Committee  reconfirmed  that all  States
Members   and  Permanent  Observers   to  the  United  Nations  desiring  to
participate in  the work of the  Committee as observers  were welcome to  do
so.   Accordingly, in  a letter  dated 13  April 1995, the  Chairman of  the
Committee informed the Secretary- General, who subsequently transmitted  the
letter, on 18  April 1995, to the States  Members of the United Nations  and
members   of   the   specialized    agencies,   and   to   intergovernmental
organizations.  In accordance  with established practice, the Committee also
invited Palestine,  represented by the  PLO, to participate  in the work  of
the Committee  as an  observer,  to attend  all  its  meetings and  to  make
observations and proposals for consideration by the Committee.

16.  In 1995, the Committee again welcomed  as observers all the States  and
organizations that had participated in its work in the preceding year. 5/


C.  Re-establishment of the Working Group

17.  At its  212th meeting, the Committee  re-established its Working  Group
in order  to assist  in the  preparation and expedition  of the work  of the
Committee on the understanding that any  Committee member or observer  could
participate in its  deliberations. 6/  The  Working Group was constituted as
before under the chairmanship  of Mr. Joseph Cassar (Malta) and Mr. Sujan R.
Chinoy (India) as Vice-Chairman.
IV.  REVIEW OF THE SITUATION RELATING TO THE QUESTION
     OF PALESTINE                                   


18.  In accordance  with its mandate, the  Committee continued to keep under
review  the developments relating to the question of  Palestine and to exert
all  efforts to  promote  the exercise  by  the Palestinian  people  of  its
inalienable  rights.    The  Committee  also  continued   to  contribute  to
international  efforts  to  promote  the  effective  implementation  of  the
Declaration of  Principles on  Interim Self-Government  Arrangements and  to
mobilize  international  support  for  and  assistance  to  the  Palestinian
people.

19.    The  Committee  was encouraged  that  during  the previous  year  the
Israeli- Palestinian negotiations had proceeded despite repeated delays  and
acts of violence, which  had taken many innocent  victims on both  sides and
aroused the concern and condemnation of the international  community.  On 27
August 1995, the parties signed, at Cairo, the Protocol on Further  Transfer
of  Powers and Responsibilities.   In a breakthrough,  on 28 September 1995,
the parties  signed, in  Washington, D.C.,  the Israeli-Palestinian  Interim
Agreement  on the  West Bank  and Gaza  Strip, which  supersedes all earlier
agreements  in  implementation  of  the  Declaration  of  Principles.    The
Agreement  reaffirms  the parties'  understanding  that  the  interim  self-
government arrangements provided therein are an  integral part of the  whole
peace process  and that the negotiations on the permanent status, which will

start no later than 4 May  1996, will lead to the implementation of Security
Council resolutions 242 (1967) and 338  (1973).  The Agreement  provides for
the dissolution of the Civil Administration,  the withdrawal of the  Israeli
military government and a scheduled transfer of  powers and responsibilities
to  the  Palestinian Interim  Self-Governing  Authority.    The  Palestinian
Interim  Self-Governing   Agreement,  which  will  replace  the  Palestinian
Authority established under the  Gaza-Jericho Agreement, will be composed of
an 82-member Council and the Head (Ra'ees)  of its Executive Authority, both
elected for  a transitional  period  until May  1999  at  the latest.    The
Agreement  further contains modalities for participation in the elections by
the Palestinian people of  the West Bank, Jerusalem and the Gaza Strip;  and
makes provision for international observation of the election process.

20.   The Agreement  further provides  for a  timetable for  redeployment of
Israeli military  forces, firstly  from six cities (Jenin,  Nablus, Tulkarm,
Kalkiliya, Ramallah  and Bethlehem)  and from  450 towns,  villages, refugee
camps and  hamlets,  to  be completed  prior to  the  holding of  elections.
Redeployment of the Israeli military  forces will also take place in Hebron,
with  special  security arrangements,  including  a  temporary international
presence.   The Agreement provides for a gradual assumption  of civil powers
and responsibilities by the Palestinian  Council.  Further  Israeli military
redeployments  are to take  place at  6-month intervals (for a  period of 18
months) following  the Council's inauguration,  with concomitant  extensions
of the territorial jurisdiction of the  Council except for areas  subject to
final status negotiations.  The Agreement  further sets out arrangements for
the  transfer of  agreed upon  civil  powers  and responsibilities  from the
Israeli  Civil  Administration  to  the  Council;  the  establishment  of  a
Palestinian  Police Force;  and other  provisions regarding  legal  matters,
religious  sites,  human  rights,  water, a  phased  release  of Palestinian
detainees  and prisoners,  and  cooperation  in  the areas  of  environment,
economics,  technology and  science, and  in fostering  dialogue  and mutual
understanding.

21.    The  Committee  considered  that   the  new  Agreement  provided   an
opportunity for the Palestinian people to  build on the achievements  of the
past  year and to proceed further in the construction of  its State.  It was
pleased to note that,  with the assistance and support of the  international
community and through  the committed efforts  of the Palestinian population,
the Palestinian Authority  had gradually established its administration  and
had taken  a number  of measures  to ensure  public order  and to  normalize
Palestinian  political, social, economic  and cultural  life, as  well as to
improve living  conditions.  The Committee noted that a  number of countries
had established relations with  the Authority and recognized the Palestinian
passports, and urged other States to do so as soon as possible.

22.   Despite  these positive  developments,  the  Committee noted  that the
situation in  the  areas still  under  Israeli  occupation gave  reason  for
concern  and continued  to create  facts on  the ground  that had  potential
negative  effects for  the future  exercise  of  Palestinian rights  and the
peace  process  itself.    Of  utmost  importance  was  the  issue  of  land
confiscation and  settlements, including  in East Jerusalem.   The Committee
noted,  in particular,  plans  for  the construction  of additional  settler
housing as well  as for the  construction of roads  linking settlements  and
leading to the  fragmentation of the  West Bank  and the  isolation of  East
Jerusalem.    These  developments  were  discussed  twice  by  the  Security
Council, first in  February and then in May  1995 (see paras. 30-40  below).
In that regard, the Committee took note of  the positive decision by Israel,
in  May 1995, to  suspend the  planned confiscation  of Palestinian  land in
East Jerusalem.  The Committee reaffirmed that the settlement policy was  in
contradiction with  Israel's obligations  as the  occupying Power under  the
Fourth Geneva Convention  and called  on the Government  to end that  policy
once and for all.

23.   The  Committee  also  noted with  concern that  the presence  of large
numbers  of armed  Israeli settlers  in  the  immediate vicinity  of densely
populated Palestinian areas  generated tension  often resulting  in acts  of

violence.    The  situation  remained particularly  tense  and  volatile  in
Hebron.   The campaign  launched by the  settlers in opposition  to the  new
agreements added to the sense of insecurity and  lack of protection felt  by
Palestinians living near the settlements and was also a cause for concern.

24.  During  the year under review, the Committee expressed profound concern
at the  repeated closures, for security  reasons, of  the occupied territory
and  the self-rule  areas  and at  the isolation  of  East Jerusalem.    The
closures  had  a  devastating  effect  on  the  overall  livelihood  of  the
Palestinian population in an economy much  intertwined with that of  Israel,
as well as  on Palestinian education and health.   They also affected  trade
between the  West Bank  and  the Gaza  Strip in  particular in  agricultural
products, a main source of income for thousands of Palestinian households.

25.    The  Committee  was  also  concerned  that  thousands  of Palestinian
prisoners and detainees remained  in Israeli prisons,  under conditions that
had been repeatedly  decried by  human rights organizations.   It called  on
Israel to implement the planned  releases speedily and to work to ameliorate
conditions of detention.

26.    The  Committee  paid  particular   attention  to  issues  related  to
Palestinian  socio-economic  development  and   reconstruction  during   the
transitional period. The  Committee took note of the continued  multilateral
effort, which  culminated in  the Middle East/North Africa  Economic Summit,
held  at Casablanca, Morocco,  from 30  October to 1 November  1994, and the
adoption  of  the  Declaration  of  Casablanca   (A/49/645,  annex).     The
conference  became   an  important  first   step  towards  integrating   the
Palestinian   economy  into  a  wider  regional  economic  framework.    The
Committee is of the view that  promoting and fostering Palestinian  economic
development is particularly crucial as a  dynamic economy and prosperity are
important underpinnings  of peace and stability  in the  region. These ideas
were reaffirmed in  a joint communique issued on  12 February 1995 at  Blair
House,  Washington, D.C., by  the United  States of  America, Egypt, Israel,
Jordan and the Palestinian Authority.   The Committee welcomed the convening
of the Second Middle East/North Africa  Economic Summit, held at  Amman from
29 to 31 October 1995, which will facilitate  the expansion of investment in
the  region  and  enhance  regional  cooperation  and  development,  thereby
promoting stability and an atmosphere conducive to peace.

27.  The Committee  voiced its concern at the continued deterioration of the
living conditions  of the  Palestinian people  in the  West Bank,  including
East Jerusalem, and, in  particular, the Gaza Strip.   It stressed  that the
destruction of  the Palestinian economic infrastructure  as a  result of the
prolonged  occupation required  the urgent  attention of  the  international
community.   In that  regard, the  Committee noted with  satisfaction that a
coordination  mechanism  for international  assistance had  been established
and a plan of action elaborated.  The Committee called on the  international
donor  community to  provide and  increase assistance  as a  matter of  high
priority  and  urgency.     The  Committee  noted   with  appreciation   the
contribution of funds by donor countries and the European Union (EU) to  the
Palestinian Police as well as to various needed development projects.

28.    The  Committee  took  note  of  the  diversified  assistance  to  the
Palestinian people  provided by the  organizations, agencies and  programmes
of the United  Nations system.  Over the  year, there has been a significant
increase  in   United  Nations  involvement   in  assistance  projects   and
programmes for  the Palestinians. The  Committee expressed appreciation  for
the  efforts aimed at  mobilizing and  coordinating such  assistance made at
this  critical  stage by  the  United  Nations  Special  Coordinator in  the
Occupied  Territories.     It  continued   to  give  priority  to  promoting
international assistance  to the Palestinian people  in order  to meet their
socio-economic  and  development  needs  and  to  support  the   Palestinian
Authority in  its institution-building  efforts.   The Committee  structured
its programme  of regional  meetings so  as to  contribute to the  debate on
relevant issues.   To that end, it  convened at UNESCO headquarters,  Paris,
in June 1995, a seminar  dealing with Palestinian administrative, managerial

and financial needs and challenges (see below, paras. 62-67).

V.  ACTION TAKEN BY THE COMMITTEE


              A.  Action taken in accordance with General Assembly
                  resolution 49/62 A

1.  Reaction to developments affecting the inalienable rights of
    the Palestinian people                                     

(a)  Communication to the Secretary-General and the President of the
  Security Council

29.  In  a letter dated 17  January 1995 (A/49/831-S/1995/50), the  Chairman
of  the Committee  drew the  attention of the  Secretary-General and  of the
President of the  Security Council to the expansion and consolidation by the
Government of Israel of settlements in the occupied territory.

(b)  Action taken within the Security Council

30.   At the  request of  the Permanent  Representative of Djibouti,  in his
capacity as Chairman of the  Arab Group of States for the month of  February
1995, 7/ an urgent  meeting of the Security Council  was held on 28 February
1995 to  consider the question of  the establishment  of Israeli settlements
in the  territories  occupied  since  1967,  including  Jerusalem,  and  the
dangerous consequences of those activities on  the Palestinian people and on
the Middle East peace process.

31.  The Chairman of the Committee participated  in the debate on this issue
on 28 February 1995  in the Security Council.  In his statement on behalf of
the Committee, 8/ he  stated that Israel, the occupying Power, continued  to
implement  the  unlawful policy  of  establishing  settlements  in  occupied
Palestinian territory and authorized more and  more Israeli settlers to move
into them,  in the most direct  and serious contravention  of article 49  of
the Fourth Geneva Convention relative to  the Protection of Civilian Persons
in  Time of  War,  of  12 August  1949, and  also in  violation  of Security
Council resolutions, including  resolutions 446  (1979), 452 (1979) and  465
(1980).

32.   Land  confiscation and  settlement  expansion  were taking  place,  in
particular  in  and around  the  occupied city  of  East  Jerusalem.   Since
September 1994,  several announcements by  high-level Israeli officials  had
indicated a  toughening of Israel's  position on this key  issue and Israeli
policies in this regard had caused serious friction.

33.   The Chairman noted that the  Israeli decision came at a  time when the
implementation of the second  stage of the 13 September 1993 Declaration  of
Principles had been delayed for seven  months, including the redeployment of
the  Israeli forces  away from  populated areas  in the  West Bank  and  the
election  of  the  Palestinian  Council.    Clearly,  the  decision  further
undermined  the current peace  process and  exacerbated the already fragile,
tense and dangerous atmosphere in the occupied territory.

34.   The Security Council concluded its general debate without adopting any
specific  measures  with respect  to  the  item  under  consideration on  28
February 1995.

35.   In a letter  dated 8 May  1995 from  the Permanent  Representatives of
Morocco and  the United Arab  Emirates to the United Nations,  9/ and also a
letter dated 8 May  1995 from the Permanent Representative of Morocco in his
capacity as  Chairman of the Islamic Group for the month of May 1995, 10/ an
urgent  meeting  of  the  Security  Council  was  requested  to  discuss the
situation  in the  occupied  Arab  territories,  as  well  as  to  take  the
necessary  measures for  revocation  of the  Israeli confiscation  orders in
respect of  Palestinian land situated  in the area  of East  Jerusalem.  The

Council met between 12 and 17 May 1995.

36.   The  Acting  Chairman of  the Committee  took part  in the  debate and
stated  that  the  main  issue  at  stake  was  Israel's  continued  illegal
construction  and expansion  of  settlements  on Palestinian  land  and  its
allowing more Israeli settlers to move there, which  is a direct and serious
violation  of  international  law,  the  Fourth  Geneva  Convention and  the
relevant General Assembly and Security Council resolutions.

37.   This action  by Israel  also flagrantly  violated the  spirit and  the
letter  of  the   Declaration  of  Principles  on  Interim   Self-Government
Arrangements  signed on 13  September 1993  by the Government  of Israel and
the PLO.

38.   The Acting Chairman  stated that in  the Declaration  of Principles it
was agreed that negotiations  on the final status  of Jerusalem and on other
issues would  begin not  later than the  third year of  the interim  period.
The recent  decision by the Government  of Israel  to confiscate Palestinian
land in East  Jerusalem seriously  undermined the  peace process  at a  time
when  the  implementation  of  the  second   stage  of  the  Declaration  of
Principles had been deferred.

39.    The  Committee  considered  that  the confiscation  of  land  in East
Jerusalem  and the  increasing expansion  and consolidation  of  settlements
created a de facto  situation inconsistent with Security Council resolutions
242  (1967) and  338  (1973), which  the  current peace  process  sought  to
implement, and seriously  compromised the agreements between Israel and  the
PLO.

40.   At the  3538th meeting  of the  Security Council,  a draft  resolution
calling upon  the Government of Israel  to rescind  the expropriation orders
and to  refrain from  such actions in  the future, and  expressing its  full
support for  the Middle East peace  process and  its achievements, including
the Declaration  of Principles,  as  well as  the subsequent  implementation
agreements, 11/  was not  adopted due to  the negative vote  of a  permanent
member of the Security Council.


2.  Attendance at international conferences and meetings

41.  In  accordance with its mandate, the  Committee was represented by  its
Chairman at  the following  international meetings  during the period  since
its previous report to the General Assembly:

  (a)   Twenty-second Islamic  Conference of Foreign  Ministers and  Seventh
Islamic Summit  Conference, held at Casablanca,  Morocco, from 10  to 11 and
from 13 to 15 December 1994, respectively;

  (b)   International Seminar on  the City of Al-Quds Al-Sharif, convened by
the  Organization of  the Islamic  Conference (OIC)  and the League  of Arab
States (LAS) at Cairo from 12 to 14 March 1995;

  (c)    Commemoration  of  the  fortieth  anniversary  of  the  Asia-Africa
Conference,  24 April  1995, and  Ministerial  Meeting of  the  Coordinating
Bureau   of  the  Movement   of  Non-Aligned  Countries,  held  at  Bandung,
Indonesia, from 25 to 27 April 1995;
    (d)  Eleventh Conference  of Heads of State  and Government of  the Non-
Aligned  Countries, held at  Cartagena de  Indias, Colombia,  from 14  to 20
October 1995.


3.  Action taken by United Nations bodies, the
    Movement of Non-Aligned Countries and    
    intergovernmental organizations          

42.   The Committee continued  to follow with great  interest the activities

relating  to  the  question  of  Palestine  of  United  Nations  bodies, the
Movement of Non-Aligned Countries and intergovernmental organizations.   The
Committee noted in  particular the  support of  the international  community
for the ongoing peace  process, as well as the Declaration of Principles and
the  subsequent  implementation  agreements,  as   important  steps  leading
towards a  comprehensive,  just and  lasting settlement  in accordance  with
United Nations resolutions.   The Committee also expressed continued concern
at  the human rights  situation in  the occupied  Palestinian territory, and
noted the sense of urgency with  which the international community addressed
the need to  provide assistance to the  Palestinian people in the  difficult
transition period.   The  Committee took  particular note  of the  following
documents:

  (a)   Statement  issued by  EU  on  aid to  the Palestinian  people on  28
November 1994 (A/49/751, annex);

  (b)   Declaration and  resolutions adopted  by the  Seventh Islamic Summit
Conference of OIC held at Casablanca, Morocco, from  13 to 15 December  1994
(A/50/85-S/1995/152, annexes II-VII);

  (c)  Excerpts from  the final report adopted  by the Fifteenth  Session of
the Supreme  Council  of the  Gulf  Cooperation  Council, held  at  Manamah,
Bahrain, from 19 to 21 December 1994 (A/49/815-S/1994/1446, annex);

  (d)   Resolution 5451  adopted by LAS  at a  special session  on 5 January
1995,   concerning  settlements  in  the   occupied  Palestinian  territory,
including  Jerusalem,   and  other   Arab  territories  (A/49/823-S/1995/11,
annex);

  (e)  Final communique and recommendations of  the fifteenth session of the
Al-Quds Committee  of OIC,  held at  Ifrane, Morocco,  on 16 and  17 January
1995 (A/50/82-S/1995/135, annex);

  (f)  Resolutions 1995/1  to 1995/6, on the  question of Palestine, adopted
by  the Commission  on Human  Rights  at  its fifty-first  session, held  at
Geneva from 30 January to 10 March 1995;

  (g)   Appeal  by the World  Health Organization (WHO)  for the Palestinian
health sector launched on 28 February 1995; 12/

  (h)   Resolution 39/3,  on the  integration of  women in  the Middle  East
peace process,  adopted by  the Commission  on the  Status of  Women at  its
thirty-ninth session, held in New York from 15 March to 7 April 1995;

  (i)  Final communique of the International Seminar  on the City of Al-Quds
Al-Sharif, convened by OIC and LAS at Cairo from 12 to 14 March 1995;

   (j)   Communique adopted at the  fifty-fourth session  of the Ministerial
Council of the Gulf Cooperation  Council, held at Riyadh on 19 and 20  March
1995 (A/50/123-S/1995/228, annex);

  (k)   Communique adopted  at the  Ministerial Meeting  of the Coordinating
Bureau  of  the  Movement  of  Non-Aligned   Countries,  held  at   Bandung,
Indonesia, from 25 to 27 April 1995 (A/49/920-S/1995/489, annex I);

  (l)    Press  release  issued  by  the  Ministerial Council  of  the  Gulf
Cooperation Council at its fifty-fifth session, held at  Riyadh on 10 and 11
June 1995 (A/50/255-S/1995/504, annex);

  (m)  Statement adopted at the G-7 Summit, held at Halifax, Canada, from
15 to 17 June 1995 (A/50/254-S/1995/501, annex II);

  (n)    Resolutions  CM/Res.1590 (LXII)  and  CM/Res.1591  (LXII),  on  the
question of Palestine and  the situation in the  Middle East, adopted by the
Council  of Ministers  of OAU  at its  sixty-second session,  held at  Addis
Ababa from 21 to 23 June 1995;

  (o)  Resolutions 1995/45  and 1995/52, adopted by  the Economic and Social
Council at its substantive session, held from 26 June to 28 July 1995;

  (p)  Communique issued by the Ministerial Council of the Gulf  Cooperation
Council at its  fifty-sixth session, held at Riyadh  on 18 and 19  September
1995 (A/50/466-S/1995/817, annex);

  (q)   Final  document adopted  by the  Conference of  Heads of  State  and
Government  of the  Non-Aligned  Countries,  held at  Cartagena  de  Indias,
Colombia, from 14 to 20 October 1995.


B.  Action taken by the Committee and the Division
    for Palestinian Rights in accordance with    
    General Assembly resolutions 49/62 A and B   

43.  In its  programme of work  for the year 1995, the Committee  decided to
continue  organizing  regional  seminars and  meetings  of  non-governmental
organizations  and sponsoring the preparation of studies and publications in
accordance with existing  mandates and budgetary provisions.  The Committee,
as in the past,  decided to invite Palestinian and Israeli personalities  to
participate  in  all  events organized  under its  auspices  with a  view to
promoting a  constructive debate,  mutual understanding and  a concrete  and
action-oriented  analysis  of  the most  important  issues  relating to  the
question of Palestine, the transition period and the peace process.

44.   The Committee  considered that  the following  priority tasks required
immediate and sustained attention in its programme of work for 1995:

  (a)    Promoting  support  for  the  ongoing  peace  process  and  for the
Declaration  of  Principles  on  Interim  Self-Government  Arrangements  and
subsequent   implementation   agreements,   and   following   closely    the
developments  and  monitoring the  situation  on  the  ground,  in order  to
promote the effective implementation of the  agreements reached and the full
realization of Palestinian rights;

   (b)   The mobilization and promotion  of international  assistance to the
Palestinian people by the  United Nations system as a  whole, as well  as by
other donors, for immediate relief and for nation-building;

  (c)   Encouraging  constructive  consideration  and debate  of  the  major
issues  to be negotiated at a  later stage with  a view to promoting a final
settlement based  on international  legitimacy in  accordance with  Security
Council resolutions  242 (1967)  and 338  (1973) and  other relevant  United
Nations resolutions.


1.  Seminars

45.  In the programme budget for the biennium 1994-1995, provision was  made
for  the  organization  of  regional  seminars  in  Latin  America  and  the
Caribbean, Europe, North America, Asia and Africa  in 1995.  In establishing
its  programme of work for the  year, the Committee  decided not to hold the
North American seminar and  to devote some of  the resulting savings  to the
North  American non-governmental organization symposium.  It also decided to
devote  the resources  earmarked  for  a European  seminar to  a  seminar on
Palestinian administrative, managerial  and financial needs  and challenges.
The  Committee also  initiated consultations  with regard  to  identifying a
venue for the holding of an  Asian seminar and non-governmental organization
symposium.   This event and  an event in Africa, however,  could not be held
during the year under review.

(a)  Latin American and Caribbean Regional Seminar

46.   The Latin  American and Caribbean Regional Seminar  was held at Rio de
Janeiro, Brazil, from 20 to 23 March 1995,  jointly with the Latin  American

and  Caribbean  NGO  Symposium.    The  Committee  greatly  appreciated  the
decision of the  Government of Brazil to provide  the venue for the  Seminar
and Symposium. 

47.    The Committee  was represented  by a  delegation comprising  Mr. Keba
Birane Cisse  (Senegal), Chairman of the  Committee and  head of delegation,
who  acted as  Chairman  of  the meeting;  Mr.  Inal Batu  (Turkey) and  Mr.
Anatoli Maximovich Zlenko (Ukraine), who acted  as Vice-Chairmen; Mr. Joseph
Cassar (Malta), Rapporteur of the Committee, who acted as  Rapporteur of the
meeting; and Mr. M. Nasser Al-Kidwa (Palestine).

48.   The Seminar  and NGO  Symposium were  attended by  17 panellists  from
Latin  America and  the Caribbean,  as  well  as Palestinians  and Israelis,
representatives   of  17   Governments,   3  United   Nations   organs   and
intergovernmental  organizations and  16 non-governmental  organizations.  A
number of  media representatives  and faculty  and students  of universities
and institutes also participated in the meeting.

49.  At the  opening session, Mr.  Adhemar Gabriel Bahadian, Chief of  Staff
of the  Acting Minister for External Relations of Brazil,  made a statement.
A message from the Secretary-General of the United  Nations was read by  his
representative, Mrs.  Laura Reanda, Chief  of the  Division for  Palestinian
Rights.   A statement was  made by Mr.  Keba Birane Cisse,  Chairman of  the
Committee  on the  Exercise of  the  Inalienable  Rights of  the Palestinian
People.   Mr. Musa  Oudeh, Special  Envoy of Palestine, read  a message from
Mr. Yasser Arafat, Chairman of the Executive Committee of the PLO.

50.   The  theme  of  the Seminar  and Symposium  was "Supporting  the Peace
Process - The Contribution of Latin America and the Caribbean".
  51.    Three  panels  were  organized.    The  topics  addressed  and  the
panellists were as follows:


Panel  I.    New  developments  since  the  signing of  the  Declaration  of
Principles

Mr. Nabil Amr, Member  of the Central Council of the PLO, Editor of Al-Hayat
Al-Jadidah

  Mr. Ran Cohen, Member of the Knesset, Chairperson of the Meretz faction

Mr. Hanna Safieh, Professor at Federal  University, Natal, Brazil, Member of
the Palestine National Council

  Mr. Uri Avnery, Israeli journalist, writer, peace activist

  Statement by  Mr. Saeb Erakat, Member  of the  Palestinian Authority (read
by Mr. Ibrahim Al Zeben, Charge d'affaires a.i., Delegation of Palestine  to
Brazil)

Panel  II.The Palestinian  self-government -  challenges and  prospects  for
nation-building

Mr.  Sari  Nusseibeh,  Member  of  the  Palestinian  Economic  Council   for
Development and Reconstruction, Chairperson, Palestine Consultancy Group

Mr.  Luis  Mesa  Delmonte,  Director,  Centre  for  Africa  and  Middle East
Studies, Cuba

  Mr. Ivan Moreira, Member of the Chilean Parliament

Panel III.New  opportunities  for action  by  Latin  American and  Caribbean
countries and organizations

(a)Economic  assistance   and  cooperation:     the   new  environment   for
Governments and private groups

Mr.  Pedro Paulo Pinto  Assumpcao, Ambassador, Head, Middle East Department,
Ministry of External Relations, Brazil

Mr.  Gustavo Marcelo  Marquez,  businessman, Member  of  the  Argentino-Arab
Chamber of Commerce

Mr. Jaber Omar, Professor of Economics, University of Pelotas, Brazil

(b)Cooperation  of  non-governmental  organizations  with their  Palestinian
counterparts

Mr. Hussein Abdelkhalek, Representative of Palestine in Chile

Mr. Carlos Etchegoyhen, medical doctor and psychoanalyst, Uruguay,  visiting
scholar at the University of North Dakota

Mr. Jose  Felix Ferreyra,  Chairman, NGO  Coordinating  Committee for  Latin
America and the Caribbean, Argentina

 (c)The contribution of diaspora Palestinians

Mr.  Jose  Elias, President,  Federation  of  Palestinian  Organizations  in
Chile; President, University of San Andres, Chile

Mr. Juan Abugattas, Professor of Philosophy, University of San Marcos, Peru

Ms.  Tilda  Rabi, President,  Federation  of  Palestinian  Organizations  in
Argentina

(d)Culture and the media:  new possibilities for cooperation

Mr. Juan Jose Salinas, journalist with the TELAM news agency, Argentina

52.  In the  conclusions and recommendations adopted  by the Seminar and NGO
Symposium,  the  participants welcomed  the  positive  developments  in  the
Middle East peace process and the agreements reached  between Israel and the
PLO since  September 1993,  as well as  the consequent  developments.   They
considered that the  Declaration of Principles was a historical breakthrough
that  had required  great  courage by  the parties  concerned and  that with
perseverance and  the strong  support of  the international  community as  a
whole a  just and  lasting peace could be  achieved.  It was  noted that the
Latin American  and Caribbean  countries had  a significant contribution  to
make in that regard.

53.  Participants, however, expressed great  concern at the repeated  delays
in  the implementation of the agreements reached, which generated insecurity
and could  disrupt the  peace process.   They  called on  the Government  of
Israel to cease  all settlement  construction and  expansion activities  and
land  confiscation   in  the  occupied   Palestinian  territory,   including
Jerusalem, to end  the closure of the  territory, to release all Palestinian
prisoners  and to  move quickly  towards  the  prompt implementation  of the
second  phase of the  Declaration of  Principles, including the redeployment
in the rest of the West  Bank and Palestinian elections.   The Government of
Israel  was  also called  upon  to  respect fully  its  obligations  as  the
occupying Power under the Fourth Geneva Convention.

54.  Condemnation was  expressed of all acts  of violence, of  whatever form
or  whatever  source,  aimed  at  derailing  the  peace  process,  which had
resulted in many casualties among both Palestinians and Israelis.

55.  The meeting was apprised of  the great challenges posed by  the gradual
transfer of  responsibilities to  the Palestinian  Authority, aggravated  by
the  present political  and economic  difficulties.    It was  stressed that
international support for the Palestinian people  and its leadership in  all
fields  -political, economic and  social -  was of  paramount importance for
the attainment of peace in the region.

56.   Participants appealed  to the  donor countries  and the World  Bank to
accelerate the delivery  of the aid  promised as  an essential stimulus  for
development and  an ideal  means of  promoting peace.    They commended  the
efforts  of  the  Secretary-General  and  his  Special  Coordinator  in  the
Occupied Territories, and welcomed the decision by the Secretary-General  to
transfer the headquarters  of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for
Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) from Vienna to Gaza.

57.  Participants encouraged those governments  in Latin America which  have
not yet done so to  establish official relations with the PLO and to  extend
diplomatic  recognition  to its  offices  in  their  countries  in order  to
streamline and facilitate the desired cooperation.

58.   Participants  suggested that  the traditionally  harmonious  relations
between  the  Palestinian  and Jewish  communities  in  Latin America  could
provide the  foundation  for  joint  activities aimed  at  improving  mutual
understanding and  tackling difficult  issues in  a  spirit of  cooperation.
They recommended that meetings of representatives  of the two communities in
Latin  America and  their  non-governmental organizations  be  organized  to
consider  common   concerns,  including   sensitive  issues   such  as   the
Palestinian  right  of  return  and  requested  the  Committee  to  consider
organizing such a meeting.

59.   Non-governmental  organizations in  the Latin  American and  Caribbean
region  were  called  upon   to  define  action   strategies  responsive  to
Palestinian needs  and to  use their  positive influence  on Governments  in
that regard.  It was recommended that direct  links should be forged between
the  Palestinian Authority and Latin American and Caribbean organizations in
all  fields  of non-governmental  organization  competence,  and  that  non-
governmental organizations  assist their Palestinian  counterparts in  their
efforts to build a civil society.

60.    Non-governmental  organizations  were  called  upon  to   disseminate
reliable information  on the  realities of  the Palestinian  people and  the
status of the peace process, including  through the Internet and through the
establishment of  a Latin American  segment of a  possible Middle  East news
agency,  which  should include  participation  by  Palestinian  and  Israeli
journalists.

61.   The report  of this  event has  been issued  as a  publication of  the
Division for Palestinian Rights of the Secretariat.

(b)Seminar  on Palestinian  Administrative,  Managerial and  Financial Needs
and Challenges

62.   The Seminar was  held at UNESCO  Headquarters in  Paris from 28  to 30
June 1995.    The Committee  expressed  its  appreciation to  the  Director-
General of  UNESCO for  the  facilities put  at  its  disposal and  for  his
cooperation in the holding of the Seminar.

63.   The  Committee  on the  Exercise  of  the  Inalienable Rights  of  the
Palestinian People  was represented by a  delegation consisting  of Mr. Keba
Birane  Cisse (Senegal), Chairman;  Mr. Ravan  A. G.  Farhadi (Afghanistan),
Vice-Chairman; Mr.  Joseph Cassar (Malta),  Rapporteur; Mr. Alimamy  Bangura
(Sierra Leone);  and Mr.  M. Nasser Al-Kidwa  (Palestine).  The  officers of
the  Committee  served  as  officers  of  the  Seminar  in  their respective
capacities.

64.  The Seminar was attended by 20 panellists and  by representatives of 50
Governments,  and   9  United   Nations  organs   and  4   intergovernmental
organizations.

65.    The  programme for  the  seminar  began  with  a  plenary session  on
"Palestinian   administrative,   managerial   and    financial   needs   and
challenges".     Statements   were  made   by  donor   countries  and  other
Governments,    intergovernmental    organizations   and    United   Nations

departments, bodies and agencies.

66.  Subsequently, four round-table  discussions, moderated by experts, were
conducted as follows:

 (a)The  Palestinian Authority  - needs  and challenges  of  administration:
the  needs  of  the   public  sector  for  reconstruction  and  development;
enhancing the Palestinian  Authority's institutional capability;  building a
legal  framework; organization  of the  administration  at the  central  and
local levels; mobilizing resources effectively

Mr.   Shibley   Telhami,  The   Brookings   Institution,   Washington,  D.C.
(Moderator)

Mr.  Ibrahim  Al  Daghma, Chief,  Legal Advice  and  Legislation Department,
Palestinian Authority

Mr.  Samir  Huleileh,  Palestinian  Economic  Council  for  Development  and
Reconstruction

Mr.  Yair  Hirschfeld,  Director-General,  Economic Cooperation  Foundation,
Senior Lecturer, University of Haifa

Mr.  Alfons  Calderon  Riera,  Assistant  Professor,  Escuela  Superior   de
Administracion y direccion de Empresas, Barcelona

Mr.   Amin   Baidoun,   Director-General   for  International   Cooperation,
Palestinian Authority

(b)Laying  the foundation  for  a  public  financial management:    building
budgeting, accounting and auditing; developing an efficient
  internal revenue system; building public financial investment
  system; building a social security system; and establishing
  conditions for transparency and accountability

Mr.  Stephen  B.   Peterson,  Research  Associate,  Harvard  Institute   for
International Development, Harvard University (Moderator)

Mr. Fouad H. Beseiso, Head, Palestinian Monetary Authority

Mr. Atef Alawneh, Deputy Head, Finance Department, Palestinian Authority

Mr.  Stephen  B.   Peterson,  Research  Associate,  Harvard  Institute   for
International Development, Harvard University

Ms. Muna H. Jawhary, economist-consultant, London/Jerusalem

Mr. Georges Capdeboscq, Counsellor, French National Audit Court, Paris

Mr. Gilles Johanet, Counsellor, French National Audit Court, Paris

Mr.  Abdel Hamid  Bouab, Officer-in-Charge,  Public Finance  and  Enterprise
Management   Branch,  Department  for  Development  Support  and  Management
Services, United Nations

(c)Supporting the development  of the Palestinian municipalities and  public
utilities:    Improving   public  services  and  infrastructure:     health,
education, communication, energy, water, public transport; improving
conditions for public service delivery

  Mr. Francis Dubois (Moderator)

   Mr. Mustafa Abdel Nabi Natshe, Mayor of Hebron

  Mr. Ghassan El-Shakah, Mayor of Nablus

Mr. Hussein Al-A'raj, Deputy Head, Local Government Department,  Palestinian
Authority

Mr.  Sameer   A.  Abu-Eisheh,   Dean,  Faculty   of  Engineering,   Al-Najah
University, Nablus

(d)Human  resources  development and  management  .  building  institutional
capacity:  building public personnel system and structures (including the
legal framework for public service); enhancing training capacities for all
levels  of   administration;  Promoting  participation   of  women  at   all
management levels

Mr.  Robin  Poppe,  Programme  Officer,  National  Capacity  Building,   ILO
International Training Centre, Turin (Moderator)

Mr. Shibley Telhami, The Brookings Institution, Washington, D.C.

Mr.  Bishara  A.  Bahbah,  Associate  Director,  Institute  for  Social  and
Economic Policy in the Middle East, Harvard University

Mr. Musa D. Ghosheh, Head, Employee's Bureau, West Bank

Mr. Alain Claisse, Professor of Public Law, University of Paris

Mr. George  Jadoun, Technical  Programme Manager,  Training Focal  Point for
Palestine, ILO International Training Centre, Turin

67.  Participants in  the seminar engaged  in an analysis and discussion  of
the recent developments  and the prospects for peace in the area, as well as
of the current economic situation and the  imperative necessity of its rapid
amelioration in order to  provide a solid foundation for peace efforts.  The
experts gave a  serious analysis of current and  future needs in the  fields
concerned  and   constructive  proposals  were  made  to  meet  the  current
situation and to promote  sustainable development of the Palestinian economy
during and after the  transitional period.  The final report of the  Seminar
was submitted  to the  President of  the Economic  and Social  Council in  a
letter from the Chairman  of the Committee for circulation to the members of
the  Council (A/50/278-E/1995/114).  It will also be issued as a publication
of the Division for Palestinian Rights.


                2.  Cooperation with non-governmental organizations

68.   The Committee, in  accordance with its mandate  under General Assembly
resolution  49/62  A,  continued  to  cooperate  and  expand  contacts  with
interested  non-governmental organizations  in all regions.   During 1995, a
Latin  American  and Caribbean  NGO  symposium  was  held  jointly with  the
seminar, as well as  an NGO Symposium  for the  North American region and  a
combined   meeting   for   European   and   international   non-governmental
organizations.  The Committee noted that non-governmental organizations  had
continued  their   efforts  to   provide  assistance  and  support   to  the
Palestinian people  in view of the  new situation  following the Declaration
of  Principles and  subsequent  implementation agreements.    The  Committee
affirmed  the  importance  of  the  contribution  by  the   non-governmental
organizations  to  the international  efforts on  behalf of  the Palestinian
people and  considered that  their support  would continue  to be  essential
during the transitional period.

(a)  Latin American and Caribbean Regional NGO Symposium

69.   The Latin  American and  Caribbean NGO  Symposium on  the question  of
Palestine was  held at Rio  de Janeiro, Brazil,  from 20 to  23 March  1995,
together with the Seminar  (see paras. 46-61), and  shared with it  the main
theme "Supporting the peace process - the contribution of  Latin America and
the Caribbean",  the round-table discussions and  the adoption  of the final
document.

70.  In addition, two workshops  were held specifically for non-governmental
organizations on the following topics:   "Mobilization of and networking  by
non-governmental  organizations  in  Latin  America  and  the  Caribbean  to
promote   assistance  to  the   Palestinian  people"  and  "non-governmental
organization activities  to mobilize public opinion  for a  just and lasting
solution of the question  of Palestine - review  of actions taken  since the
first  Latin   American  and   Caribbean  Symposium   in  1990   and  future
activities".   The Committee noted  that the participating  non-governmental
organizations had taken steps to strengthen their regional coordination  and
had elected a new coordinating committee.

(b)  North American Regional NGO Symposium

71.    The  twelfth United  Nations  North  American  NGO  Symposium  on the
Question of  Palestine was  held at  New York  from 19  to 21  June 1995  in
cooperation  with  the  North  American  Coordinating  Committee  for   Non-
Governmental Organizations on  the Question of  Palestine and  in accordance
with the  programme elaborated  at the  preparatory meeting  for the  United
Nations  International NGO  Meeting/European  NGO Symposium  and  the  North
American NGO Symposium on  the Question of Palestine, held at New York  from
27 to 28 February 1995.

72.  The  Committee was represented by a  delegation consisting of Mr.  Keba
Birane Cisse  (Senegal), Chairman of the  Committee and  head of delegation;
Mr. Bruno E. Rodriguez Parrilla (Cuba)  and Mr. Ravan Farhadi (Afghanistan),
Vice-Chairmen  of the Committee;  Mr. Joseph  Cassar (Malta),  Rapporteur of
the Committee; and Mr. M. Nasser Al-Kidwa (Palestine).

73.   The Symposium was attended  by representatives  of 73 non-governmental
organizations, 23 of them as observers,  18 panellists and workshop leaders,
11 Governments and 2 intergovernmental organizations. 

74.   The theme of  the Symposium was  "The United  Nations on  its fiftieth
anniversary and the question  of Palestine".   The panel topics and  experts
taking part in the plenary sessions were as follows:

(a)  Challenges to peace:  obstacles and opportunities

  (i)Jerusalem and settlements:  Rev.  Alex Awad, Lecturer,  Bethlehem Bible
College, and Pastor, East Jerusalem Baptist Church

Mr.  Michael  Warshawski,  founder  and  Director,  Alternative  Information
Center, Jerusalem

     (ii)  The situation of the refugees

Ms. Leila Zachariah, Executive Director, Najdeh Association, Beirut

   (iii)  Securing respect for international humanitarian law

    Mr. Avigdor  Feldman,  Lawyer, human  rights  activist  and one  of  the
founders of B'Tselem;

(b)  Working towards self-determination, promoting civil society

  (i)  Building civil society

Mr. Raja Sourani, lawyer and human rights activist

    (ii)  Advancing women's concerns

Ms.  Suha Hindiyeh-Mani,  Director and  one of  the founders  of the Women's
Studies Center, East Jerusalem

   (iii)  Promoting social development

Mr. Shafiq Masalha,  clinical psychologist and Acting Director,  Palestinian
Counselling Center, East Jerusalem

(c)  Continuing commitment of non-governmental organizations on the
question of Palestine

Dr. Haider Abdel Shafi, President, Red Crescent Society

Mr. Larry Ekin, Chairman, North American  Coordinating Committee for NGOs on
the Question of Palestine

Ms. Maria Gazi, Vice-Chairman, European  Coordinating Committee for  NGOs on
the Question of Palestine

75.   The  workshops  addressed the  following  topics:   refugees  and  the
displaced;  settlements;  the status  of  Jerusalem;  securing  respect  for
international humanitarian law; Palestinian  women mobilize; promoting civil
society; development:  putting people first; and labour in transition.

76.   The Symposium held  successful debates and discussions  and offered an
opportunity  for the  non-governmental  organizations in  North  America  to
coordinate   their  endeavours  and  activities  in  order   to  assist  the
Palestinian people  in various fields.   The participating  non-governmental
organizations elected  a new  coordinating committee for the  North American
region to follow up  on the decisions that were  taken and to  assure future
cooperation with  the Committee  and the  Division  for Palestinian  Rights.
The  report  of  the Symposium  will  be  issued  as  a  publication of  the
Division.

(c)European NGO Symposium  and International NGO Meeting    on  the Question
of Palestine

77.    The  twelfth  United  Nations  International  NGO  Meeting  and Ninth
European NGO Symposium on  the Question of Palestine were held as a combined
event at  the Vienna  International Centre  from  29 August  to 1  September
1995.

 78.  The  meeting was attended by 26  panellists and workshop leaders,  and
by the representatives of 51 non-governmental  organizations, 21 of them  as
observers.  It was also  attended by  representatives of  37 Governments, 10
United Nations  agencies and  bodies, 3  intergovernmental organizations,  5
non-governmental organization coordinating committees and a delegation  from
Palestine.

79.  The  Committee was represented  by a  delegation composed  of Mr.  Keba
Birane Cisse  (Senegal), Chairman of the  Committee and  head of delegation;
Mr.  Ravan A.  G.  Farhadi (Afghanistan),  Vice-Chairman; Mr.  Joseph Cassar
(Malta), Rapporteur of the Committee;  Mr. Alyaksandr Sychou  (Belarus); and
Mr. M. Nasser Al-Kidwa (Palestine).

80.   The  programme for  the meeting  was  formulated  by the  Committee in
consultation with  the members of  the International Coordinating  Committee
for  NGOs  on  the  Question  of  Palestine  (ICCP)  and   of  the  European
Coordinating Committee  for NGOs on  the Question of  Palestine (ECCP) at  a
preparatory  meeting held  in  New York  on 27  and 28  February 1995.   The
central theme of the  combined meeting was "The  fiftieth anniversary of the
United   Nations  .   Palestine,  non-governmental   organizations  and  the
implementation of United Nations resolutions".

81.   At the opening  session, participants were  welcomed on  behalf of the
Government of  Austria by  Mr. Wolfgang  Schallenberg, Secretary-General  of
the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.   A message from Mr. Boutros Boutros-Ghali,
Secretary-General   of   the  United   Nations,   was   delivered   by   his
representative,   Mr.   Giorgio  Giacomelli,   Under-Secretary-General   and
Director-General of the  United Nations Office at  Vienna.  Mr. Cisse  spoke
in  his capacity  as  Chairman of  the  Committee  on  the Exercise  of  the

Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People.   Mr. Yasser Arafat,  Chairman
of the PLO  and Chairman of  the Palestinian  Authority, conveyed a  message
through  his representative,  Mr. Mohieddin  Massoud. Statements  were  also
made by Mr. Don  Betz, Chairman of  ICCP, and Ms. Maria Gazi,  Vice-Chairman
of ECCP.

82.   The  invited experts  made  presentations in  five panels,  which were
followed by discussions.  In the first  panel, entitled "The United  Nations
at its  fiftieth anniversary and the  question of Palestine",  presentations
were made by
Mr. Ilter  Turkmen, Commissioner-General  of UNRWA,  and Mr.  M. Nasser  Al-
Kidwa, Permanent Observer of Palestine to the United Nations.

83.   The  second panel  was  entitled  "The present  political  situation".
Presentations  were  made  by  Mr.  Victor  Possouvaliouk,  Deputy   Foreign
Minister  of the Russian  Federation; Mr.  Azimi Shuibi,  Minister of Sports
and Youth, Palestinian Authority; Mr. Abdulwahab  Darawshe, Chairman of  the
Arab  Democratic Party, Member  of the  Knesset; Mr.  Haim Baram, journalist
and  founding member  of the Israeli Council  for Israeli-Palestinian Peace;
and Mr.  Taysir  Arouri, Professor  of  Physics  and Mathematics,  Bir  Zeit
University and member of the Palestine National Council.

84.  In the  third panel, entitled "Elements of the final peace  settlement,
and obstacles  to peace", presentations on  various sub-topics  were made as
follows: Mr. Ibrahim Matar, Deputy Director,  American Near East Refugee Aid
(ANERA), spoke on the  issue of Jerusalem and settlements; Mr. Elia  Zureik,
Professor  of Sociology at Queen's  College, Ontario, Canada and a member of
the Palestinian delegation to the refugee  working group of the multilateral
peace talks,  and Mr.  Zakaria Abderahim,  Director-General, Department  for
Returnee's Affairs,  PLO, made presentations on  the issues  of refugees and
the right of return;  and Mr. Hashem Mahameed,  Head of the Democratic Front
for Peace  and Equality and Member  of the Knesset,  addressed the topic  of
Israel's violations of its commitments under the Declaration of Principles.

85.   The fourth panel, entitled  "Palestine update"  consisted of briefings
on social  issues  and living  conditions  facing  the Palestinians  on  the
ground. Mr. Taysir Arouri spoke on  economic and social development  issues.
Dr. Imad  Tarawiyeh, Ministry  of Health,  Palestinian Authority,  addressed
health-related  questions.   A presentation  on  education and  children was
made  by Mr.  George B.  Sahhar, Director  of Cultural  Affairs, Ministry of
Education, Palestinian Authority.  Ms. Eileen Kuttab, Lecturer in  Sociology
and  Anthropology  and Coordinator,  Women's  Studies  Programme,  Bir  Zeit
University, spoke on women's issues.

86.   The fifth panel  considered the  issue of "Building the  NGO network -
NGO strategies for action".   Presentations in this  regard were made by Mr.
Fathi  Darwish, Director  in the  Ministry of  International Cooperation and
Planning,  Palestinian  Authority;  Ms.  Emma  Murphy,  Lecturer  in  Middle
Eastern  Politics, University  of Durham,  United Kingdom;  Mr.  Jose Elias,
Chairman,  Federation  of  Palestinian  Organizations  in Chile,  President,
University  of San  Andres; Mr.  John  Gee, Council  for the  Advancement of
Arab-British Understanding; Mr. Don Betz, Chairman  of ICCP; Ms. Maria Gazi,
Vice-Chairman  of ECCP; and Mr.  Larry Ekin, Chairman of  the North American
Coordinating Committee for NGOs.

87.    In  addition  to  the  panels,  a  number  of  workshops  were   held
concurrently for  participants  interested  in developing  specific  action-
oriented  proposals.  The workshop topics were linked  to those addressed in
the panels.  A demonstration in electronic skills was also organized.

88.   Participating non-governmental organizations  adopted a communique  in
which  they welcomed  the positive  developments  in  the Middle  East peace
process as a result  of the historic Declaration  of Principles.   They also
noted  with great concern the  repeated delays in the  implementation of the
letter and spirit of the agreement, which posed a threat to the  achievement
of a just and lasting peace, and exhorted  Israel to honour its  commitments

in a  timely manner.   They  also reaffirmed  that Israel, as  the occupying
Power, remained obligated to observe the  Fourth Geneva Convention until the
Palestinian people achieved full sovereignty.

89.   The communique further  stated that support for the inalienable rights
of the  Palestinian  people in  accordance with  United Nations  resolutions
remained at  the centre  of non-governmental  organization commitment.   The
Committee  was  called  upon  to  convene  a  non-governmental  organization
meeting  in Jerusalem  or  another  location  in  the  region  in  order  to
demonstrate solidarity with Palestinians on the ground.

90.  Non-governmental  organizations reaffirmed  the fundamental  importance
of questions related to Jerusalem, settlements  and the right of  return for
the  attainment  of  a  just  and  lasting  peace.    They  expressed  their
opposition to Israeli actions designed to  predetermine the final outcome of
the   talks,  and   called  for   concerted  efforts   by   non-governmental
organizations  to publicize violations  of Palestinian  human rights  and to
lobby Governments  regarding those concerns.   Particular mention was  made,
in  that regard, of  the ongoing  incarceration of  political prisoners; the
closure  and  intimidation  of  Palestinian institutions;  the  restrictions
imposed  on  international  and  Palestinian non-governmental  organizations
aimed at  disrupting their work; and the repeated closure of East Jerusalem.
Israel was also urged to assure safe passage between Gaza and the West  Bank
for goods and people.
  91.   Further,  the  communique  called on  countries hosting  Palestinian
refugees to preserve and  observe their rights, and called for greater  non-
governmental  organization  action  on  behalf  of  refugees,  including  by
Palestinian grass-roots organizations.

92.     Praising   the  efforts   of  local   Palestinian   non-governmental
organizations, the communique  stated that their strengthening would  ensure
the  development  of civil  society  and  called  for  cooperation with  the
Palestinian  Authority and  for greater  involvement of  international  non-
governmental organizations.  It  also called for greater cooperation between
Palestinian and Israeli non-governmental organizations.

93.  Finally, the  communique stressed the  need to continue to develop  the
relationship of  the non-governmental  organization coordinating  committees
with  the Committee  and  the Division  for Palestinian  Rights in  order to
achieve maximum effectiveness in assisting the Palestinian people.

94.   The report  of the  meeting will  be issued  as a  publication of  the
Division for Palestinian Rights.


                    3.  Research, monitoring and publications

95.   The Committee  emphasized the  essential contribution  of the Division
for  Palestinian  Rights  as   a  centre  for   research,  monitoring,   the
preparation of studies  and the collection and dissemination of  information
on all  issues related  to  the  question of  Palestine, and  requested  the
Division to  continue its  programme of  publications, in  consultation with
the Committee.

96.    The Committee  considered that  the  studies, bulletins,  information
notes, reports and other  material published by the Division should focus on
the priority  issues to be addressed  by the Committee in  1995 in order  to
enhance their usefulness at this important stage.

97.    The  Committee  noted  with   appreciation  that  the  Division   for
Palestinian Rights, in accordance with its  mandate, continued to respond to
information  requests   and  to  prepare   and  disseminate  the   following
publications:

  (a)   Monthly bulletins  covering action  by the  Committee, other  United
Nations organs,  organizations and  agencies, as  well as  intergovernmental

and   non-governmental  organizations   concerned   with  the   question  of
Palestine;

  (b)  A monthly  chronological review of events relating to the question of
Palestine,  as reflected  in the Arabic,  English and Hebrew  media, for the
use of the Committee;

  (c)  Reports of seminars and non-governmental organization meetings;

  (d)   Periodic  compilations of  statements, declarations,  documents  and
other material generated by the peace process;

  (e)    A compilation  of  the  resolutions  and decisions  of  the General
Assembly and  the Security  Council relating  to the  question of  Palestine
adopted in 1994;

  (f)  A special  bulletin on the commemoration of the International Day  of
Solidarity with the Palestinian People in 1994.

 98.  The Committee also noted that the Division continued its programme  of
research and preparation of two studies (one on  Jerusalem and the other  on
settlements) and information notes, in close  cooperation with the Bureau of
the Committee.


4.  United Nations information system on the question of Palestine

99.  The  Committee noted  that the Division,  in cooperation with  relevant
technical services of the Secretariat, had  advanced in the establishment of
a  United Nations  computer-based  information  system  on the  question  of
Palestine  (UNISPAL), as  requested by  the  Committee  and endorsed  by the
General  Assembly. The  Committee  noted  that the  UNISPAL  Bulletin  Board
Service  had continued to  provide access  to United  Nations resolutions on
the  question of Palestine  and related  issues and  selected United Nations
reports, bulletins  and other documents to  a number of  users and that  the
Division  had selected  appropriate text-management  software and  had  done
further  work in  expanding its  document  collection  and in  designing the
various  databases  that  comprise  UNISPAL.    The Committee  stressed  the
importance and usefulness of UNISPAL for the work  of the Committee and  the
United  Nations,  as  well  as  for   other  members  of  the  international
community, and  called for intensified efforts  to advance  towards the full
operation of the system and its further expansion as required.


5.  International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People

100.  The International  Day of Solidarity with  the Palestinian People  was
observed on 29 November 1994 at United Nations  Headquarters in New York and
at  the United Nations  Offices at  Geneva and Vienna.   The Committee noted
with appreciation that  the International Day had also been observed in 1994
in many other cities  throughout the world.   Details on the  observance are
contained in the special bulletin issued by the Division.

101.   On the  occasion of the  observance of  the Day  an exhibit  entitled
"Images from  Palestine" was provided by  the Permanent  Observer Mission of
Palestine to  the United  Nations at  Headquarters and  presented under  the
auspices of the Committee.

          VI.  ACTION TAKEN BY THE DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC INFORMATION IN
               ACCORDANCE WITH GENERAL ASSEMBLY RESOLUTION 49/62 C


102.   The  Department of  Public  Information  continued to  provide  press
coverage, in English  and French, of  all meetings held  at Headquarters  of
United Nations bodies dealing with the  question of Palestine, including the
Committee  on the  Exercise of  the  Inalienable  Rights of  the Palestinian

People; coverage  in English and French  of meetings,  seminars and symposia
of the  Committee convened away from  Headquarters, with the  exception of a
meeting in Rio  de Janeiro where coverage was provided in English only.  One
press release  in English  and French  was issued  containing the text  of a
Secretary-General's statement  relating to  the question  of Palestine,  and
five press releases were issued in English on the activities of UNRWA. 

103.   The  Department cooperated  at  Headquarters  with the  Division  for
Palestinian  Rights  in  media promotion  and  other  arrangements  for  the
International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People. 

104.  The  quarterly publication  UN Chronicle  continued its  comprehensive
coverage  of Palestinian  issues, including  relevant General  Assembly  and
Security  Council  actions  as  well  as  special  meetings,  symposia   and
seminars.

105.  The Public Inquiries Unit of the Department responded to 323  requests
for  information concerning the  question of  Palestine and  the Middle East
issue between September 1994  and August 1995.   During the same period, the
Department's Group  Programme Unit organized a  total of  seven briefings on
the question  of Palestine  for various  public groups  visiting the  United
Nations.  In addition,  the subject was included in the presentation made to
visitors taking guided tours, as appropriate.

106.   The Department  continued to  distribute its  publications, including
Prerequisites  for  Peace  in  the  Middle  East:    An  Israeli-Palestinian
Dialogue,  based on  the  proceedings  of the  International  Encounter  for
Journalists  on the Question  of Palestine,  organized by  the Department in
cooperation with the  Government of Denmark at Elsinore  in June 1994.   The
Department also continued to distribute a  "United Nations Focus" feature on
the same topic.

107.  From September 1994 to  September 1995, the Department's Dissemination
Unit distributed 63 titles  on the Palestine issue  to 226 recipients around
the  world,  on Internet  and  other  electronic  networks.   The  materials
consisted  of  statements  and  messages  by  the  Secretary-General,  press
releases on encounters,  seminars and symposia in  Madrid, New York, Rio  de
Janeiro,  and  so  on, and  were  disseminated  in the  English  and  French
languages.

108.   A 41/2-minute video with  the working title,  "Palestine:  Fifty  Years
On",  was produced by the  Media Division of the  Department and distributed
to all  United Nations information centres  and services  and United Nations
Development  Programme  (UNDP) libraries.    Additionally,  several  "UN  in
Action"  pieces  on  topics  such  as  water  resource  management,   citrus
processing  and  the Palestinian  Police Force  were  videotaped during  the
fall. 

109.    The  Radio  Section covered  various  aspects  of  the  question  of
Palestine and related  items in news and current affairs radio programmes in
official and  non-official  languages.   Some  of  the topics  included  the
International  Day of Solidarity  with the  Palestinian People,  the work of
the Committee  on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights  of the Palestinian
People, seminars and symposia on the question of  Palestine, and the work of
the specialized  agencies, for example, UNDP, UNRWA and WHO, relating to the
Palestinian  people.  In  addition, the  Radio Section produced  a number of
feature programmes  exclusively devoted to  the question  of Palestine, such
as "Palestine/Israel:   new possibilities  for peace"  (produced in  Spanish
and   adapted  into   Portuguese);   "Socio-economic   Development  of   the
Palestinian  People"   (produced  in  English   and  adapted  into   several
languages); and "The Palestinian Question in  the Middle East" (produced  in
French).  All programmes were distributed world wide.

110.  The Department's Video Section produced four "UN  in Action"/CNN World
Report segments  on  the  following topics:   the  Palestinian  Broadcasting
Corporation  in   Jericho;  Training  of   the  Palestinian  Police   Force;

Palestinian women  set up  business  in the  West Bank;  and Agriculture  in
Jericho:  a UNDP-assisted banana plantation.

111.   On  8 December 1994,  the NGO  Section held  a briefing  for the non-
governmental   organization   community   entitled   "Palestinian   Economic
Development:  The  role of the United  Nations", featuring a presentation by
Mr. Francis  Dubois, Senior  Programme Adviser,  Programme of  Assistance to
the Palestinian People, UNDP.

112.    The  global  network  of  the  United  Nations  information  centres
continued  to  disseminate  information  on  the  question of  Palestine  by
reaching out  to mass media,  academics, non-governmental organizations  and
the general public.  The centres  produced or distributed newsletters, press
releases  and  other  information  materials  and  regularly  briefed  media
representatives.  In observance of the  International Day of Solidarity with
the  Palestinian People,  information centres  were instrumental  in  widely
disseminating  and  publicizing  the  Secretary-General's  message  in local
newspapers.  On that day,  the Information Centre in  Prague participated in
a public meeting organized by the Czech  Association for African and  Arabic
Friendship.  The Information Centre in Rabat mounted a special exhibit.   In
1995, the  Information Centre  in Madrid  provided support  services to  the
Department of Public Information's Seminar on Assistance  to the Palestinian
People in the Field of Media  Development. Similarly, the Information Centre
in Paris,  at the request of  the Division for  Palestinian Rights, provided
logistical assistance  for the United Nations  Seminar on  Palestine in June
1995.   In addition, the  network of information  centres continued to  send
relevant press  clippings and other media  feedback to  Headquarters to keep
senior  officials  of the  Organization  abreast  of the  prevailing  public
opinion.

113.  In cooperation with  UNESCO and with the support of the Institute  for
Cooperation with the Arab World of the Spanish Ministry of Foreign  Affairs,
the Department organized a Seminar on  Assistance to the Palestinian  People
in the  Field of  Media Development  in Madrid,  from 29 to  31 March  1995.
Twenty-eight  Palestinian media  practitioners participated,  together  with
representatives of  international media organizations, training institutions
and   foundations.     The  Seminar   adopted  recommendations   aiming   at
strengthening Palestinian media capability. 

114.   From  7  October  to 22  November  1995, the  Department organized  a
training programme for a group of  eight Palestinian media practitioners  at
Headquarters  to  strengthen  the  participants'  professional  capacity  as
information media personnel. 

VII.  RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE COMMITTEE


115.  The year 1995 marked the fiftieth  anniversary of the United  Nations.
On  that historic occasion, the leaders of the world solemnly reaffirmed the
purposes  and principles  of  the Charter  of the  United Nations  and their
commitment to  them.   They expressed  their determination  that the  United
Nations would  work  with  renewed  vigour and  effectiveness  in  promoting
peace,  development,  equality  and  justice  and  understanding  among  the
peoples of the world.  They also reaffirmed  the inalienable right of  self-
determination  of all peoples,  taking into account the particular situation
of peoples  under colonial  or other  forms of  alien domination or  foreign
occupation.  The Committee on the Exercise of  the Inalienable Rights of the
Palestinian People, established 20 years ago  to ensure that the Palestinian
people would be able  to attain these noble objectives, pledges to  redouble
its efforts in pursuit of this goal.

116.   The signing  of the Declaration  of Principles in  September 1993  by
Israel and the PLO created a dramatic turning-point  in the search for peace
in  the Middle  East,  leading to  the emergence  of  a  new reality  on the
ground, enabling  the Palestinian  people to  take its  first steps  towards
independence  and  opening  new  possibilities  for  cooperation  among  the

peoples of the region.  At  the same time, the peace process remains fragile
and fraught with dangers.  The Committee is encouraged that during the  past
year the  Israeli-Palestinian negotiations  have proceeded  despite repeated
delays and  acts of  violence, which have  caused many  innocent victims  on
both  sides and aroused  the concern  and condemnation  of the international
community.   Welcoming  the signing  on  28  September 1995,  in Washington,
D.C., of  the Israeli-Palestinian  Interim Agreement  on the  West Bank  and
Gaza  Strip,  the  Committee  expresses  its   commitment  to  continue  and
intensify its support for the Palestinian  people and its leadership  during
the transition process.

117.   The  Committee  reaffirms  that the  United Nations  has  a permanent
responsibility  with  respect  to   the  question  of   Palestine  until   a
comprehensive,  just and  lasting  settlement  is reached.    The  Committee
reiterates that the involvement of the United Nations in the peace  process,
both  as the guardian  of international  legitimacy and  in the mobilization
and provision of international assistance, is  essential for the  successful
outcome  of the  peace  efforts.   As  the  organ  of the  General  Assembly
established to deal with the question  of Palestine, the Committee  believes
that  its  own  role  continues  to  be  useful  and  necessary  during  the
transitional period and until a satisfactory final settlement is achieved.

118.   The  Committee reaffirms  that such  a settlement  must be  based  on
Security Council  resolutions 242 (1967) and  338 (1973),  the withdrawal of
Israel from the Palestinian  territory, including Jerusalem,  and other Arab
territories occupied since 1967, and the  exercise by the Palestinian people
of its  inalienable rights, in particular  the right to  self-determination.
The  Committee also believes  that, during  the interim  period, Israel must
recognize  and respect  its obligations  as  the  occupying Power  under the
Fourth  Geneva  Convention.    While  remaining  firm  on  this  position of
principle, the Committee has continued to  make adjustments in its  approach
and programme of work in order to make a concrete contribution to  promoting
the implementation  of the agreements  reached and to mobilize international
assistance  to the Palestinian  people.   The Committee  invites the General
Assembly  once  again  to  recognize  the  importance  of  its  role and  to
reconfirm its mandate with overwhelming support.

 119.    The Committee  wishes to  express its  great appreciation  to those
States which have supported its work  and have facilitated the  organization
of events  held  under the  Committee's  auspices  by providing  venues  and
participating in the debates.   The Committee believes that, in view of  the
new situation and the responsive position of the Committee  reflected in its
programme  of work,  the  time  has come  for  all States  to recognize  the
valuable contribution  that the Committee can  make as a forum for dialogue,
analysis, exchange of  expertise, mobilization of public opinion and  action
in  support  of  the  peace  efforts  and  the  inalienable  rights  of  the
Palestinian  people,  as  well  as their  socio-economic  development.   The
Committee  considers  that  a  broadening   of  its  membership  to  include
countries that support its objectives but  have not hitherto participated in
its work would  greatly enhance  the contribution of  the United Nations  to
promote peace at this important stage.

120.   The  Committee considers  that its  seminars on  economic  and social
issues confronting  the Palestinian  people in the  occupied territory  have
been  particularly  useful in  bringing  together  experts in  the  relevant
fields,  including Palestinians  and Israelis,  as well  as donor countries,
United  Nations  departments,  agencies and  organizations, non-governmental
organizations active in the field and others, and  will continue its efforts
in that regard.  In view  of the new situation on  the ground created by the
Declaration  of  Principles and  subsequent  implementation agreements,  and
mindful  of  the  measures  being  taken  by  the  Palestinian  Authority to
establish   an    effective   administration,   which   require    continued
international support, the Committee is of the view  that one of the  events
under its  auspices should  be held  as soon  as possible  in the  territory
under  the  Palestinian   Authority  to  address   various  aspects  of  the
transition period.

121.   The Committee also stresses  the value of its  role as  a catalyst in
bringing   together   and   developing   a   network   of   non-governmental
organizations  interested  in the  question  of  Palestine and  in promoting
solidarity  activities,  as  well as  concrete  assistance.    The Committee
intends  to  continue to  promote  the  positive  contribution  of the  non-
governmental  organization   constituency  to  meet   the  humanitarian  and
development needs of the  Palestinian people during the transitional period,
in  cooperation with the  Palestinian Authority.   Noting  with appreciation
the  increasing interest  and participation  of Governments,  in  particular
those of donor countries, and United  Nations organizations and agencies  in
non-governmental  organization  events  organized under  its  auspices,  the
Committee  intends to  continue its  programme  of  meetings in  the various
regions in  the  coming  year.   The  Committee  will  continue to  seek  to
structure  these meetings  for  maximum  usefulness and  to  cooperate  with
coordinating committees  for non-governmental organizations  with a view  to
developing effective follow-up mechanisms  and encouraging a  wider and more
active participation by non-governmental  organizations, in particular those
whose  work  encompasses  humanitarian  and  development-oriented  ends  and
programmes.

122.   The Committee emphasizes the  essential contribution  of the Division
for  Palestinian  Rights  as   a  centre  for   research,  monitoring,   the
preparation of studies  and the collection and dissemination of  information
on all issues related to the question of  Palestine.  The Committee requests
the Division  to continue  its  programme of  publications, in  consultation
with the Committee, and to pay particular attention to preparing studies  or
updating  existing  ones on  the various  issues that  are subject  to final
status  negotiations.   The Committee  notes with satisfaction  the progress
made  in including in  UNISPAL documentation  on the  relevant activities of
the United Nations system and  the non-governmental organization network, as
well  as other  information  material, including  documents  related  to the
peace process.  Recalling  that the Division was established at the  request
of the  General Assembly in 1978 and upgraded in 1982,  and that its mandate
has been  reaffirmed and  expanded in  various resolutions  since then,  the
Committee  requests   the  Secretary-General  to   maintain  the   political
structure  and  composition  of  the  Division  in  accordance  with   those
resolutions, and to continue  to provide it with the necessary resources  in
order to carry out its tasks.

123.   The  Committee continues  to  consider  that the  Special Information
Programme  on  the  Question  of  Palestine  of  the  Department  of  Public
Information  is very useful  in raising  the awareness  of the international
community concerning the complexities of the  question and the situation  in
the Middle  East in  general. The Committee  believes that the  Programme is
contributing  effectively  to  an  atmosphere  conducive  to  dialogue   and
supportive of  the peace process.   The Programme should  follow and reflect
realities related to the new experiences  of the Palestinian people, provide
assistance  in the field  of Palestinian  media development  and continue to
disseminate information about the just cause  of the Palestinian people,  in
addition to  continuing  its  support of  dialogue in  the  effort to  build
peace. 

124.     The  Committee   will  continue   to  strive   to  achieve  maximum
effectiveness in the  implementation of its mandate  and to adjust its  work
programme in  the light of developments, in order to continue to contribute,
to the  extent possible,  to the  realization of  the common United  Nations
objective  of achieving  a just  and  lasting  solution of  the question  of
Palestine.

Notes


  1/   Pursuant to  General Assembly resolution  47/1 of  22 September 1992,
the   Federal  Republic  of  Yugoslavia  (Serbia  and  Montenegro)  did  not
participate in the work of the Committee.

  2/    Official Records  of  the  General Assembly,  Thirty-first  Session,
Supplement No. 35 (A/31/35).

  3/   Ibid.,  Thirty-second Session,  Supplement No.  35  (A/32/35); ibid.,
Thirty-third  Session,  Supplement No.  35  (A/33/35);  ibid., Thirty-fourth
Session,  Supplement  No.  35  (A/34/35  and  Corr.1);  ibid.,  Thirty-fifth
Session,  Supplement   No.  35  (A/35/35);   ibid.,  Thirty-sixth   Session,
Supplement No. 35  (A/36/35); ibid., Thirty-seventh Session, Supplement  No.
35 (A/37/35  and Corr.1);  ibid., Thirty-eighth Session,  Supplement No.  35
(A/38/35); ibid., Thirty-ninth Session, Supplement No. 35 (A/39/35);  ibid.,
Fortieth Session, Supplement  No. 35 (A/40/35); ibid., Forty-first  Session,
Supplement No. 35 (A/41/35); ibid.,  Forty-second Session, Supplement No. 35
(A/42/35); ibid., Forty-third  Session, Supplement No. 35 (A/43/35);  ibid.,
Forty-fourth  Session,  Supplement  No.  35  (A/44/35);  ibid.,  Forty-fifth
Session,   Supplement  No.   35   (A/45/35);  ibid.,   Forty-sixth  Session,
Supplement No.  35 (A/46/35); ibid.,  Forty-seventh Session, Supplement  No.
35 (A/47/35); ibid., Forty-eighth Session, Supplement  No. 35 (A/48/35); and
ibid., Forty-ninth Session, Supplement No. 35 (A/49/35).

  4/  A/AC.183/1995/CRP.1.

  5/   The observers  at the  Committee meetings were as  follows:  Algeria,
Bangladesh, Bulgaria, China, Ecuador, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait,  Lebanon,
Libyan Arab  Jamahiriya, Mauritania, Morocco,  Nicaragua, Niger, Qatar,  Sri
Lanka,  Syrian Arab Republic, United Arab Emirates, Viet  Nam, the League of
Arab States  and the  Organization of  the Islamic  Conference.   Palestine,
represented  by the PLO,  as the  representative of  the Palestinian people,
was also an observer.

  6/  The  membership of the  Working Group  was as  follows:   Afghanistan,
Belarus, Cuba,  Guinea, Guyana,  India, Malta,  Pakistan, Senegal,  Tunisia,
Turkey,   Ukraine,  and   Palestine,  represented   by  the   PLO,  as   the
representative of the people directly concerned.

  7/  See S/1995/151.

  8/  See S/PV.3505 (resumption).

  9/  S/1995/366.

  10/  S/1995/367.

  11/  S/1995/394.

  12/  WHO/16.


-----


 

This document has been posted online by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA). Reproduction and dissemination of the document - in electronic and/or printed format - is encouraged, provided acknowledgement is made of the role of the United Nations in making it available.

Date last posted: 18 December 1999 16:30:10
Comments and suggestions: esa@un.org