United Nations

A/50/291


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

14 July 1995

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH/FRENCH


Fiftieth session
Item 72 (e) of the preliminary list*


              REVIEW OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RECOMMENDATIONS AND
              DECISIONS ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY AT ITS TENTH
SPECIAL SESSION:  DISARMAMENT WEEK

Report of the Secretary-General


CONTENTS

               Page  

  I.  INTRODUCTION ..................................................... 2

 II.  INFORMATION RECEIVED FROM GOVERNMENTS ............................3

  Burkina Faso .....................................................3

  Estonia ..........................................................3

  Japan ............................................................3

III.  UNITED NATIONS ...................................................4

  A.  United Nations Headquarters ..................................4

  B.  United Nations Office at Geneva ..............................5

  C.  United Nations regional centres for peace and disarmament ....5

  D.  United Nations information centres and services ..............5


________________________

  *  A/50/50/Rev.1.


95-21113 (E)   010895/...
*9521113*
I.  INTRODUCTION

1.   At its  forty-seventh  session, the  General Assembly,  under the  item
entitled "Review of  the implementation of the recommendations and decisions
adopted  by the  General Assembly  at  its  tenth special  session", adopted
resolution 47/54 C of 9 December 1992, the  operative part of which reads as
follows:

  "The General Assembly,

  "...

  "1.   Takes note with  appreciation of the report  of the SecretaryGeneral
1/ on  the follow-up  measures undertaken  by States,  Governments and  non-
governmental organization in holding Disarmament Week;

  "2.   Commends  all States,  international and  national governmental  and
non-governmental   organizations   for  their   active   support   for   and
participation in Disarmament Week;

  "3.    Invites all  States that  so  desire,  in carrying  out appropriate
measures at  the local level on  the occasion of  Disarmament Week, to  take
into account  the  elements of  the  model  programme for  Disarmament  Week
prepared by the Secretary-General;

  "4.  Invites  Governments and international and national  non-governmental
organizations to continue to  take an active part in Disarmament Week and to
inform the Secretary-General of the activities undertaken;

  "5.  Invites  the Secretary-General to continue  to use the United Nations
information  organs as  widely as  possible to  promote better understanding
among  the  world public  of  disarmament  problems  and  the objectives  of
Disarmament Week;

  "6.    Decides  to  include in  the  provisional  agenda of  its  fiftieth
session,  the year of  the fiftieth  anniversary of the  United Nations, the
item entitled 'Disarmament Week'."

2.  Pursuant to that resolution,  the Secretary-General submits herewith the
report  of  the   activities  undertaken   to  promote  the  objectives   of
Disarmament Week during the three-year period 1992-1994.


II.  INFORMATION RECEIVED FROM GOVERNMENTS

BURKINA FASO

[Original:  French]

[17 May 1995]     

  Burkina Faso  will mark Disarmament Week,  on the  fiftieth anniversary of
the United Nations, with a conference on the theme of disarmament.


ESTONIA

[Original:  English]

[22 May 1995]      

  Estonia is pleased to report that it does  not have oversized armed forces
that have to be  demobilized nor does it  possess any offensive weapons that
could threaten  any neighbouring  State.   All offensive  weapons have  been
removed from Estonia.

  There  are still  203  specialists from  the Russian  Federation currently
engaged  in dismantling the  nuclear reactors  at the  former Paldiski Naval

Training  Centre.  This  work is  scheduled to be completed  on 30 September
1995, and the specialists  will be withdrawn.  In addition, there are  about
1,000 demobilized  Russian servicemen  and officers  who were  to have  been
withdrawn to the  Russian Federation by 30  August 1994 and whose  departure
we are eagerly awaiting.  With the withdrawal of all foreign servicemen  and
specialists and the dismantling of the  Naval Training Centre, Estonia could
be  considered as  having  completed its  effective  disarmament  programme.
Therefore, there are no reasons to conduct a disarmament week programme.


JAPAN

[Original:  English]

[25 April 1995]    

  The Government  of  Japan  considers disarmament  to be  a  pillar of  its
diplomacy as it seeks  to foster international peace  and security.   It has
therefore   sought  to  enhance  awareness   by  disseminating  governmental
messages  regarding  Disarmament  Week  throughout  Japanese  society.    In
addition,  in many  cities,  particularly Hiroshima  and  Nagasaki,  various
public  information activities  are  being undertaken  in  conjunction  with
Disarmament Week.


III.  UNITED NATIONS

A.  United Nations Headquarters

1.   The  annual commemoration  of Disarmament  Week  is widely  observed at
United Nations Headquarters and  throughout the world  by the  organizations
of  the  United Nations  system.    At Headquarters,  both  the  Centre  for
Disarmament  Affairs  and  the  Department  of Public  Information  seek  to
involve as  many segments of the public as possible in the observance of the
Week.  The  United Nations information  centres around  the world remain  an
important network in the  international effort to focus  on the question  of
disarmament and play a significant role  in facilitating and encouraging the
activities undertaken at the local level by concerned constituencies.

2.  In each of the three years under review, Disarmament Week  was marked at
United  Nations Headquarters, as  usual, by a  special meeting  of the First
Committee of  the General  Assembly and  by a non-governmental  organization
(NGO) Forum/Symposium,  co-sponsored by the  Centre for Disarmament  Affairs
and the NGO Committee on Disarmament.

3.  In 1992, 1993 and 1994, the  First Committee devoted its 18th,  15th and
11th  meetings respectively to the observance of the  Week.  Statements were
made  by  the Chairman  of  the  Committee, the  President  of  the  General
Assembly, the  Secretary-General and, in  his absence, the  Under-Secretary-
General for  Political Affairs.  At  the 1992  commemoration, the Secretary-
General introduced  his report  entitled "New dimensions of  arms regulation
and  disarmament in the  post-cold-war era".  2/  The general  view of those
who spoke at these meetings was  that, in spite of the  fact that we were no
longer in the throes of a cold war, the world we lived in today was still  a
very dangerous  place.   Even if, it  was noted, the  international security
environment really  had changed, and even  if new  prospects for disarmament
were opening up, we were at one and the same time witnessing the  appearance
of highly complex challenges that the  international community would have no
choice but to address as quickly as possible.

4.      The   other   traditional   Disarmament   Week   feature,  the   NGO
Forum/Symposium, focused  in  1992 on  the  theme  of the  Chemical  Weapons
Convention.    In  1993,  a  two-day  symposium,  discussed  prospects   for
achieving a comprehensive  test-ban treaty and  a ban on  the production  of
weapons-grade fissionable material  and for preventing the proliferation  of
weapons of mass  destruction; the  United Nations  Register on  Conventional

Arms and the discussion  of transparency in  armaments in the Conference  on
Disarmament; and progress  towards a nuclear-weapon-free  zone in Africa and
confidence-building measures in Central Africa.   In 1994, over a  three-day
period,  there were four panel discussions, during  which presentations were
made on  moving towards real nuclear  disarmament; a comprehensive  test-ban
and  the   1995  Review  Conference;   the  oversight  capabilities  of  the
International Atomic  Energy Agency  and the  Non-Proliferation Treaty;  and
the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms.   A presentation was  also
made  by the  special Adviser  to the  Administrator of  the  United Nations
Development  Programme (UNDP)  on the  subject of military  expenditures and
social development.  These events were  attended by representatives of NGOs,
the diplomatic community, the media and United Nations staff members. 

  B.  United Nations Office at Geneva

5.  In  1992, the Geneva Branch of the Centre for Disarmament Affairs, which
also participates  in the annual observance  of Disarmament  Week, mounted a
display  of international  legal  instruments relating  to  disarmament  and
United Nations  publications on  disarmament to  commemorate the  Week.   In
addition, the Branch participated in a meeting of the  Special NGO Committee
on Disarmament (Geneva),  which devoted a large  part of its discussions  to
the report of the Secretary-General entitled "An agenda for peace". 3/

6.   Over the  last two  years, the Branch  continued to participate  in the
observance  of  the  Week.    Its  staff  undertook  a  number  of  speaking
engagements  in the framework  of the  Geneva Graduate  Study Programme, the
International Forum of Youth, various visiting  groups and individuals.  The
Branch also  attended and  contributed to  the activities  of various  local
NGOs (CONGO, Special NGO Committee on  Disarmament and others), focusing  on
the  activities  of  the  Conference  on  Disarmament,  in  particular,  the
negotiations on the comprehensive  test-ban treaty, and  other issues,  such
as the  prohibition of production of  fissile materials  for nuclear weapons
and  other  nuclear explosive  devices,  negative  security  assurances  and
transparency in armaments.


C.  United Nations regional centres for peace and disarmament

7.    As in  the past,  the United  Nations regional  centres for  peace and
disarmament organized and/or  co-sponsored various events during the  annual
commemoration  of Disarmament Week.   At the  Regional Centre  for Peace and
Disarmament in  Africa, for  example, the  Week was  observed in  1994 in  a
joint venture with the United Nations Information Centre in Lome, by  making
a  tour  through  the   important  towns  of  Togo.    In  each  town,   two
presentations were made to  the public; one on  the structure of  the United
Nations and the other on  the United Nations efforts in  the field of  peace
and  disarmament.     These   presentations  were   followed  by   intensive
discussions with participants, who had  been designated by  their respective
local officials  in accordance with the  instructions given  by the Minister
of Education and Scientific Research of Togo.


D.  United Nations information centres and services

8.    The United  Nations  information  centres  and  services continued  to
participate in  the international commemoration of  the Week  by arranging a
variety of  events and activities  at the local  level.   The Centres issued
special backgrounders  for radio, television  and press services,  organized
exhibits and cooperated  with local NGOs in  the planning and organizing  of
their special observances.  In 1992,  a 15-minute radio documentary entitled
"Disarmament   and  peace"  was   produced  by   the  Department  of  Public
Information in English and French.  In 1994, the Department also produced  a
video documentary entitled "Enough is enough", which focused on  disarmament
in the  post-cold-war era.   The  video, along  with the  issuance of  press
releases and  the dissemination  of information  regarding the  work of  the
First  Committee,   the  Disarmament  Commission   and  the  Conference   on

Disarmament,  were  all part  of  the  Department's  information  activities
relating to  disarmament.   The directors  and staff  members of  the United
Nations  information centres  and services  also  continued the  practice of
addressing special ceremonies and providing articles and  interviews for the
local media during the Week.

9.  In addition  to their close  cooperation with the print and  audiovisual
media, the information  centres, in order to promote  the Week as widely  as
possible, also worked  with foreign ministries of Member States,  government
agencies   and   offices,   United    Nations   associations,    educational
institutions, research centres and NGOs.


Notes

  1/  A/47/321.

  2/  A/C.1/47/7.

  3/  A/47/277-S/24111.


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