United Nations

A/50/215-S/1995/475


General Assembly
Security Council

Distr. GENERAL  

12 June 1995

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


GENERAL ASSEMBLY  SECURITY COUNCIL
Fiftieth session  Fiftieth year
Items 70, 80, 86, 97 (a), 97 (i),
  107, 109, 110, 112, 114 and 149
  of the preliminary list*
GENERAL AND COMPLETE DISARMAMENT
CONVENTION ON THE PROHIBITION OF THE
  DEVELOPMENT, PRODUCTION AND
  STOCKPILING OF BACTERIOLOGICAL
  (BIOLOGICAL) AND TOXIN WEAPONS
  AND ON THEIR DESTRUCTION
COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW OF THE WHOLE
  QUESTION OF PEACE-KEEPING
  OPERATIONS IN ALL THEIR ASPECTS
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND INTERNATIONAL
  ECONOMIC COOPERATION:  TRADE AND
  DEVELOPMENT; INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION
  FOR THE ERADICATION OF POVERTY IN
  DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT, INCLUDING QUESTIONS
  RELATING TO THE WORLD SOCIAL SITUATION
  AND TO YOUTH, AGEING, DISABLED PERSONS
  AND THE FAMILY
ADVANCEMENT OF WOMEN
INTERNATIONAL DRUG CONTROL
PROMOTION AND PROTECTION OF THE RIGHTS
  OF CHILDREN
HUMAN RIGHTS QUESTIONS
MEASURES TO ELIMINATE INTERNATIONAL
  TERRORISM






________________________

  *  A/50/50/Rev.1.


95-17469 (E)   140695/...

*9517469*
Letter dated 8 June 1995 from the Permanent 
Representative of India to the United Nations
addressed to the Secretary-General


  I have the honour  to transmit herewith the  text of the Delhi Declaration
issued at  the eighth  meeting of the  Heads of State  or Government of  the
member countries  of the  South Asian Association  for Regional  Cooperation
(SAARC), held at New Delhi from 2 to 4 May 1995 (see annex).

  I  should be grateful if the text  of the present letter and  its annex is
circulated as  an official document of  the fiftieth session  of the General
Assembly,  under items 70, 80, 86,  97 (a) and  (i), 107, 109, 110, 112, 114
and 149 of the preliminary list, and of the Security Council.


(Signed)  Prakash SHAH
ANNEX

Delhi Declaration, issued at the eighth meeting of the
Heads of State or Government of the member countries of
the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, 
held at New Delhi from 2 to 4 May 1995


Introduction

1.    The  Prime  Minister  of  the  People's  Republic of  Bangladesh,  Her
Excellency Begum Khaleda Zia, the King of  Bhutan, His Majesty Jigme  Singye
Wangchuck, the  Prime Minister of the Republic of India,  His Excellency Mr.
P.  V.  Narasimha Rao,  the  President  of the  Republic  of  Maldives,  His
Excellency Mr.  Maumoon Abdul Gayoom,  the Prime Minister of  Nepal, the Rt.
Hon. Manmohan Adhikari, the President of  the Islamic Republic of  Pakistan,
His  Excellency Mr.  Farooq Ahmad  Khan  Leghari  and the  President of  the
Democratic Socialist  Republic of Sri Lanka,  Her Excellency Mrs.  Chandrika
Bandaranaike  Kumaratunga,  met at  the  Eight  Summit  of  the South  Asian
Association  for Regional Cooperation  (SAARC) at  New Delhi,  India, on 2-4
May 1995.

SAARC decade

2.   The Heads  of State  or Government expressed their  satisfaction on the
achievements of  the first  decade of  SAARC and resolved  to celebrate  its
completion of  the first  decade both  in the  individual member States  and
collectively.  They  endorsed the proposal  of the  Council of Ministers  to
convene a  commemorative session  of the  Council on  the theme:   "SAARC  -
Vision of  the second decade"  to identify the  areas on  which SAARC should
focus in its second decade.

Regional cooperation

3.  The Heads  of State or Government reaffirmed their resolve to  intensify
regional  cooperation in order  to accelerate  the process  of promoting the
welfare and  improving the  quality of  life of  the peoples of  South Asia.
They reiterated their  commitment to the principles and objectives enshrined
in  the  SAARC  charter,  particularly,   to  the  principles  of  sovereign
equality,  territorial integrity,  national independence,  non-use of  force
and non-interference in each other's internal  affairs.  They recalled their
conviction   that   in  an   increasingly  interdependent   world,  regional
cooperation  was a  dynamic instrument  for promoting  economic  prosperity,
mutual  understanding  and   good  neighbourly  relations  to  achieve   the
objectives of  peace and  stability  in South  Asia.    In that  context,  a
climate of peace and stability would contribute to the economic growth.

Eradication of poverty in South Asia

4.   The Heads  of State  or Government  reaffirmed their commitment  to the
eradication of  poverty in  South Asia,  preferably  by the  year 2002  A.D.
through an agenda of action.
  5.   The  leaders  endorsed the  recommendations  of  the Finance/Planning
Ministers'  Meeting held  at Dhaka  in July 1994,  which recommended  that a
mechanism should  be set  up that would act  as a forum for  the exchange of
information  on  poverty  eradication  programmes,  in  the  context of  the
policies and  strategies adopted,  particularly exchange  of information  on
technologies  that were relevant  to efforts  at poverty  eradication.  They
agreed that  the process  could be  strengthened by  sharing and  exchanging
relevant  studies  carried out  by  independent  research  institutions  and
experts.  The mechanism would be in the  form of a three-tier  institutional
structure  as recommended  in the report and  would meet once a  year.  They
noted that  such a  mechanism had  been set  up enabling  the procedures  of
exchange of information to commence and welcomed the  offer of India to host
the first round of the three-tier mechanism.

6.   The Heads  of State  or Government directed  that the  next meeting  of
Finance/  Planning Ministers consider the efficacy of such mechanism towards
eradicating poverty in  the region and  report on the  progress achieved  to
the ninth SAARC summit, through the Council of Ministers.

7.   In that context,  they decided to  declare 1995 as  the "SAARC Year  of
Poverty Eradication".

8.   Acknowledging that the abiding  human qualities  of dignity, creativity
and  productive potential were eroded by chronic poverty, the Heads of State
or  Government  reiterated  their  commitment to  empowering  the  poor  for
enhanced growth consistent with human development and equity.

9.   Recognizing that poverty was  a complex  multi-dimensional problem with
origins   in  both  national  and  international  domains,  country-specific
programmes to tackle  poverty and international efforts supporting  national
efforts and  the parallel  process  of creating  a supportive  international
environment  conducive  to   economic  growth  and  social  development   of
developing countries,  were crucial  for a  solution to  the  problem.   The
World  Summit for Social  Development recognized  the need  for focusing the
attention of  the  international  community on  and supporting  the  special
needs   of  countries   and  regions   in   which  there   were  substantial
concentrations  of people living  in poverty,  in particular  those in South
Asia and which faced serious difficulties  in achieving social and  economic
development.  The Heads of State  or Government reiterated their  commitment
to eradicate poverty  and noted with appreciation  the outcome of the  World
Summit for Social Development

10.  The  Heads of State  or Government  committed themselves to  addressing
the fundamental  causes of  poverty and to  provide for the  basic needs  of
all.    They  reaffirmed  their  commitment  to  work  for  guaranteeing the
realization of the rights of all, in particular those of the poor, to  food,
work, shelter, health, education, resources and information.

11.   The  Heads of  State  or  Government  reaffirmed their  commitment  to
provide  expanded  opportunities  to  the  poor  to  enhance  their  overall
capacities  and improving  living conditions  and to  adequate economic  and
social  protection  during unemployment,  disability  and  old age.    While
recognizing the  need to improve, expand  and deregulate  markets to promote
sustained economic  growth,  they felt  it  was  essential to  mitigate  any
negative features created by  the market forces and make all efforts to make
the  market  friendly to  the  poor.    The Heads  of  State  or  Government
reaffirmed the necessity to ensure that  financial systems and other  public
policies are geared towards  poverty eradication and warned against increase
in socially divisive disparities.

12.   The Heads of State or Government agreed  that the Governments of SAARC
countries  would  have  to  play  a  lead  role  in  promoting  the  support
structures needed for poverty  eradication, including people's  institutions

and  non-governmental organizations in  the context of organizing the people
and  fostering decentralization  and local  self-governance and  encouraging
organization of thepoor, in thecontext oftheir socialand economicinterests.

SAARC Preferential Trading Arrangement (SAPTA)

13.    The  Heads  of  State  or  Government  noted with  satisfaction  that
subsequent  to  the  signing  of  the   Framework  Agreement  on  the  SAARC
Preferential  Trading Arrangement  (SAPTA) during  their seventh  summit  at
Dhaka  in April  1993, the  first round  of trade  negotiations to  exchange
trade concessions  among member States have  been completed.   They directed
that all necessary steps  should be taken to  facilitate ratification by all
member States and operationalize SAPTA by the end of 1995 as mandated.

14.   The leaders reiterated their  firm belief  that the operationalization
of SAPTA  would herald  the beginning  of a  new and significant  process of
regional cooperation and  would lend strength to SAARC as an institution for
promoting the welfare of the peoples of South Asia.

15.    In  view  of the  fast-changing  international  economic environment,
creation  of  major trading  and  economic  groupings, establishment  of the
World Trade Organization (WTO)  subsequent to the  successful conclusion  of
the  Uruguay  Round  of  multilateral  trade  negotiations  and   unilateral
economic  liberalization measures  being adopted  by member  countries,  the
Heads of  State  or Government  emphasized  the  urgency of  broadening  and
deepening  cooperation within a  specific and  rapid time-frame  in the core
areas  of trade  and economic relations  in the region.   Those developments
called   for    added   urgency   to    achieve   more   progress    towards
operationalization of  SAPTA and  intensification of  cooperation to  expand
regional trade.    To that  end,  they  decided  that the  "components"  and
"additional  measures" identified in  articles 4  and 6  respectively of the
SAPTA Agreement should be implemented.

Integrated Programme of Action

16.  The  Heads of State or Government  noted the progress made through  the
Integrated Programme  of  Action covering  a  number  of crucial  areas  and
activities.

Regional centres

17.   The  leaders welcomed  the  establishment  of the  SAARC Documentation
Centre (SDC) at New  Delhi in May 1994 and the SAARC Meteorological Research
Centre (SMRC) at Dhaka in January 1995.

 Women in development

18.  Noting that increased political and social consciousness in the  region
had  highlighted   the  issues  of   elimination  of  gender-disparity   and
empowerment  of  women,  which  were  essential  for  their   socio-economic
development, the  Heads of  State or  Government underlined  the urgency  of
addressing those issues through further affirmative action.

19.   The leaders  endorsed the "Kathmandu  resolution on  women and  family
health", adopted  by the Ministerial Conference  on Women  and Family Health
at Kathmandu in  November 1993, and  expressed satisfaction that appropriate
programmes  were  being  undertaken  to  implement  the  resolution  at  the
national level by the member States.

20.   The leaders  noted the progress in  the implementation of the  plan of
action  to  mark  1991-2000  as  the SAARC  Decade  of  the Girl-Child,  and
requested  the Council of  Ministers to  conduct a  comprehensive mid-decade
review for presentation to the ninth SAARC summit.

21.    Recognizing the  serious  threat  faced by  certain  groups  of  girl
children in  especially difficult  circumstances  including those  orphaned,

disabled and exploited, the  leaders decided that an urgent appraisal of the
situation of those  children be undertaken  by the  Council of Minister  and
specific recommendations be presented to the ninth SAARC summit.

22.   Considering  that the  exploitation of  the girl  child was  a  direct
reflection of the  status of women in  society, the leaders reaffirmed their
resolve to take necessary measures to  eliminate all forms of discrimination
against women and girl children.

Children

23.   The  Heads  of  State or  Government expressed  satisfaction  that the
annual reviews  of the  situation of  children  in SAARC  countries for  the
years 1993  and 1994  had been  completed, which  indicated  a reduction  in
infant mortality  and significant progress in the immunization programme for
children in the region.

24.  Recalling the  mid-decade goals of the  World Summit for  Children, the
Heads  of State or  Government resolved to  intensify their  efforts both at
the national and regional levels for attainment of those goals.

25.  The leaders  welcomed that all  member States  had become party to  the
Convention on  the Rights of the  Child.  They felt  that the recently  held
Cairo International  Conference on Population  and Development in  September
1994 and  the Copenhagen World  Summit on Social  Development in  March 1995
had  imparted  fresh  impetus  to  the  ongoing  efforts  for  the survival,
protection and development of children in South Asia.

Youth

26.  The Heads of State or Government endorsed the Male resolution on  youth
adopted by  the Ministerial Conference on  Youth in South  Asia held in  the
Maldives in May 1994 and noted that the  Conference had, inter alia,  served
to focus  attention on the  status of the youth and  the challenges faced by
them.  The  leaders noted  with  satisfaction  that  the  agenda for  action
incorporated in the resolution was being  implemented by member States  with
a view to  integrating the youth into  the process of national  development.
They noted  with  satisfaction that  the  SAARC  youth resolution  had  been
adopted and the SAARC youth awards scheme had been established.

27.  The  leaders expressed satisfaction on  the implementation of  the plan
of  action to mark 1994 as the SAARC Year of the  Youth in member States and
resolved to continue the momentum generated in member States.

Persons with disability

28.   The Heads  of State  or Government  noted with  satisfaction that  the
Ministerial  Conference  on  Disabled  Persons  was  held  at  Islamabad  in
December 1993.  They endorsed the  Islamabad resolution on disabled  persons
and the recommendations  of the Conference and noted that the Conference had
further increased  awareness among the peoples  of South  Asia regarding the
needs and problems  of the disabled persons.   They welcomed  the activities
and programmes launched by the member States in pursuance  of the resolution
for the protection and promotion of persons with disability.

Shelter

29.  The Heads of  State or Government, recognizing that housing was a basic
right for all people and that, in addition to governmental efforts,  private
initiatives  of   the  people  and   non-governmental  agencies  should   be
supported, reaffirmed their commitment  to work towards the global objective
of "Shelter for All by the Year 2000".

Literacy

30.  The Heads  of State or Government noted  that illiteracy was one of the

major causes of poverty, backwardness and  social injustices and called upon
the member States to initiate more  concrete programmes aimed at eradicating
illiteracy in the  region, preferably by the year 2000 A.D.  They decided to
observe 1996 as the "SAARC Year of Literacy".

Environment

31.   Reaffirming the  need for a  concerted action for  the protection  and
preservation of the environment, the Heads  of State or Government expressed
their  satisfaction over  the formulation  of  a  common position  by member
States prior  to the World Conference  on Natural Disaster Reduction and the
presentation of  the collective position at  the Yokohama  Conference.  They
recognized  that  international  cooperation  was  vital  for  building   up
national capabilities, transfer  of appropriate technology and promotion  of
multilateral projects and research efforts in natural disaster reduction.

32.  The  Heads of State or Government  expressed their deep  concern at the
unabated  degradation  of the  environment  and  recurrence  of  devastating
natural disasters.  They also underscored the  risks and dangers involved in
overlooking  the challenge posed  by those  problems.   They expressed their
commitment to implementing  at all  levels -  national, bilateral,  regional
and  global  programmes  for   the  protection  and   preservation  of   the
environment  and prevention  of  its  degradation.   The Heads  of  State or
Government  stressed  the   importance  of  continuing  the  ongoing   SAARC
activities in the field of environment.

33.   The Heads  of State  or Government  noted that although  some work had
been carried out  in the area  of disseminating information on  the problems
of  environmental degradation and  their impact  on the  region, progress in
the  implementation of the  recommendations of  the SAARC  regional study on
the causes  and consequences  of natural  disasters and  the protection  and
preservation of the environment and the  regional study on greenhouse effect
and its  impact on the region, which were completed in  1992, had been slow.
They stressed the importance of effective  and speedy implementation of  the
recommendations of the two studies and  requested member States to  take all
necessary steps  without further delay  in vital areas  such as  sharing and
developing scientific  capabilities to protect  and manage the  environment.
They further directed the Technical Committee  on Environment to monitor the
progress made  in  the implementation  of  the  recommendations of  the  two
studies, and  submit a  report to  the ninth  summit through the  Council of
Ministers.

34.  The Heads  of State or  Government recalled the decisions expressed  in
the Dhaka  Declaration of April 1993  on the outcome  of the United  Nations
Conference on  Environment and Development of  June 1992  and reiterated the
urgent  need to ensure  the flow  of new and additional  resources that were
adequate and predictable  to implement successfully the programmes of Agenda
21.   They also  recalled the United  Nations minimum  target for  developed
countries  of 0.7 per cent of gross national product as official development
assistance,  a target  which was  yet to  be approximated by  most developed
countries.  The Heads of  State or Government also  noted that international
actions  in  the  area  of  environmental  protection  should  be  based  on
partnership  and collective  endeavours  and should  reflect  the  principle
enunciated in the United Nations Conference on Environment and  Development,
of  common but  differentiated responsibilities.   Integral to  such actions
was the promotion of  economic growth in developing  countries that was both
sustained and sustainable and direct action in eradicating poverty.

35.   The Heads of  State or Government  also noted  that the  Commission on
Sustainable Development  set up  to monitor  the implementation  of the  Rio
agreements had  met thrice  since their  earlier meeting  and expressed  the
hope that the Commission  would be able to facilitate the necessary flow  of
resources and technology.

36.   The  Heads of State  or Government also  noted that the  Convention on
Biological Diversity and the United  Nations Framework Convention on Climate

Change had both come  into force and  the first meetings of the  conferences
of parties to each Convention had  been held.  Welcoming those developments,
they  urged that developing  countries should  be assisted  in meeting their
commitments under the Conventions.   The establishment  of the  restructured
Global  Environment Facility was  a beginning  in that  direction.  However,
the Heads  of State or  Government urged  that funds of a  much larger order
would be necessary if the needs of the Conventions were to be met.

Terrorism

37.   The Heads  of State  or Government  expressed serious  concern on  the
spread  of  terrorism  in  and  outside  the  region  and  reiterated  their
unequivocal condemnation of all acts, methods  and practices of terrorism as
criminal.   They deplored all such  acts for their  ruinous impact on  life,
property, socioeconomic  development and political  stability, as well as on
regional and international peace and cooperation.

38.   The Heads of  State or Government  once again  emphasized that highest
priority should be accorded to the enactment  of enabling legislation at the
national  level  to  give  effect  to   the  SAARC  Regional  Convention  on
Suppression of Terrorism.   They urged member States  that had not  yet done
so to  enact expeditiously  enabling legislation  at the  national level  to
implement  the Convention and  reiterated the  need for  a constant dialogue
and interaction  among the  concerned agencies  of member States,  including
submission of periodic recommendations to the Council of Ministers.

39.   They underlined  that cooperation among SAARC  member States was vital
if the scourge of terrorism was to be eliminated from the region.

Drug trafficking

40.  The Heads of  State or Government  recognized that drug abuse and  drug
trafficking with its linkages with organized  crime, illicit arms trade  and
terrorism continued to pose  a serious threat to  the security and stability
in the region.

41.  While noting the efforts made by Member States as well as the  regional
cooperation under way to combat that  pernicious trade, the leaders stressed
the urgency of further strengthening the process of cooperation.

42.    The leaders  welcomed the  ratification  of  the SAARC  Convention on
Narcotic Drugs  and Psychotropic Substances by  all member  States and entry
into force  of the  Convention in  September 1993.   They  urged all  member
States to take  necessary follow-up action  for effective  implementation of
the Convention.

Science and technology

43.   The Heads  of State  or Government reiterated that  cooperation in the
area of science  and technology  should be accorded  high priority.   Noting
that  some  progress  had  been  made towards  establishment  of  networking
arrangements,  inter   alia,  in  the   fields  of  biotechnology,   genetic
engineering, energy modelling  techniques and low-cost housing and  building
technologies, the leaders called for further acceleration of that process.

 People-to-people contact

44.   Reiterating their earlier resolve to  promote further people-to-people
contact through increased  involvement of the peoples  of South Asia in  the
process of  regional cooperation,  the Heads  of State  or Government  noted
with satisfaction  that  such  interaction  had been  taking  place  through
various  fora  both  within  and  outside   the  SAARC  framework  and   had
contributed to the promotion of mutual understanding in the region.

45.   The  leaders  noted that  the Association  for  Persons of  the  Legal
Communities of SAARC Countries (SAARCLAW)  had been accorded  recognition by

SAARC.   The leaders  hoped that  SAARCLAW would  play an effective  role in
fostering closer cooperation among the legal communities in the region.

46.  The leaders  noted with satisfaction that the SAARC Chamber of Commerce
and Industry  (SCCI) had  been functioning satisfactorily.   They  expressed
hope that  SCCI and  its constituent  units in  the member  States would  do
their utmost to promote trade  and economic cooperation in the SAARC region.
The leaders  commended  SCCI for  disseminating  information  on the  scope,
content  and  potentials  of  the  SAARC  Preferential  Trading  Arrangement
(SAPTA) among the business community in the region.

47.  The Heads of State or Government  expressed satisfaction that the SAARC
Visa Exemption  Scheme was being implemented  smoothly and  had enhanced the
scope of people-to-people contacts.

South Asian Development Fund (SADF)

48.   The  Heads of  State or  Government  endorsed  the establishment  of a
threewindow  South Asian Development  Fund (SADF)  with the  merger of SAARC
Fund for Regional  Projects and the SAARC Regional  Fund and a third  window
for social development and infrastructure development.

Projection of collective positions

49.   The Heads of State or Government recalled  their decision taken at the
seventh  SAARC  summit regarding  development  of  collective  positions  in
international  forums on  such issues  as  would enhance  the  international
profile  of South  Asia  and would  enable the  member States  to articulate
their position  on them more effectively.   They noted  that the Council  of
Ministers had formulated a procedure for  the projection of SAARC collective
positions at such international forums.

50.   They noted  with satisfaction  that pursuant  to the  decision at  the
seventh SAARC  summit, collective  positions had  been formulated  by member
States and presented at the World  Conference on Natural Disaster  Reduction
and the World Summit  for Social Development.   The leaders also  noted with
satisfaction  that a SAARC  collective position  would also  be presented at
the Fourth World Conference on Women at Beijing in September 1995.

 Security of small States

51.   The  Heads of  State or  Government, reaffirming  their  commitment to
universally accepted principles and  norms relating to  the sovereign rights
and territorial  integrity  of all  States,  recognized  that small  States,
because of their  particular problems, required special measures of  support
for  safeguarding  their  independence  and  territorial  integrity.    They
reiterated that real protection of small and weaker  States should be firmly
rooted in  the rule of  law.  This, they stressed, should  be ensured by all
countries  either   severally  or  collectively   through  the  pursuit   of
appropriate actions.

International political developments

52.  The  Heads of State or  Government noted that the  end of the  cold war
had resulted  in fundamental  changes in  the political landscape.   It  was
therefore important that a new idiom be found  to address new concerns.  The
disappearance of the confrontation between the  two Power blocs presented an
opportunity towards  building a genuine  consensus for  a new  international
order.

53.  The Heads  of State or  Government had wide-ranging discussions on  the
current global  political trends  and future  prospects, particularly  those
issues that concerned  South Asia.  In  that context, they  reiterated their
deep commitment to the  purposes and principles of the Charter of the United
Nations  and reaffirmed their  resolve to  strengthen the  United Nations as
the central  instrument for  peace, security,  disarmament, development  and

cooperation among the nations  of the world.   While pledging their  support
to all constructive  initiatives aimed at  strengthening the United Nations,
the  leaders emphasized that  such initiatives  must be  undertaken with the
sole  objective of  rendering the  United Nations  and all  its organs  more
democratic,  efficient  and effective  and not  to  limit the  focus of  its
attention to a narrow and isolated range of objectives.

54.   Appreciating the role of  some SAARC member  States in United  Nations
peacekeeping  operations in various parts  of the world, the  Heads of State
or  Government  felt   that  such  participation  had  contributed   towards
maintenance of peace and security in the world.

55.  The Heads  of State or  Government reiterated their firm commitment  to
the principles and objectives of the  Movement of Non-Aligned Countries  and
underlined the  continued  validity and  relevance of  these principles  and
objectives in  the contemporary world.   They recalled  the stabilizing role
played  by  the  Movement  in  global affairs  since  its  inception.   They
expressed  their  deep  conviction  that  the  Movement's  innate   strength
equipped it  to continue  to play  a most  constructive role  in laying  the
foundations  of  a  new  world  order  based  on  the  rule  of  law,   non-
discrimination, equity and cooperation.

56.   The Heads of State  or Government noted  that while the  international
community had  successfully created the norm against chemical and biological
weapons, it had, unfortunately,  been unable to  do the same with regard  to
nuclear weapons.   The leaders were  convinced that more  needed to be  done
and at  a far greater pace.   Reiterating that the utmost priority was to be
given  to nuclear disarmament,  given the  danger posed  by nuclear weapons,
they urged  the  Conference  on Disarmament  to negotiate  an  international
convention  prohibiting the use  or threat of  use of  nuclear weapons under
any  circumstances   and  to   undertake  negotiations   for  the   complete
elimination of all nuclear weapons within a time-bound framework.

57.  The Heads  of State or Government  expressed their strong commitment to
the promotion  and protection  of human  rights.   They agreed  to take  all
necessary steps to achieve that objective.

International economic and social issues

58.  The Heads  of State or Government welcomed the successful conclusion of
the Uruguay  Round of multilateral trade  negotiations and reaffirmed  their
commitment to implement fully and as scheduled the  Final Act of the Uruguay
Round  of multilateral trade  negotiations.   They also  welcomed the coming
into existence  of the  WTO and  expressed the hope  that it  would help  to
expand international trade,  particularly that of the developing  countries.
They   reaffirmed  the  immediate  need  to  elaborate  policies  to  enable
developing countries  to take  advantage of  expanded international  trading
opportunities,  in the  context of  the  full  implementation of  the Round.
They  called upon all  countries to refrain from  any unilateral measure not
in accordance with  international law, the Charter of the United Nations and
enlightened  regionalism  and globalism  that  created  obstacles  to  trade
relations among  States and thereby impeded  the full  realization of social
and economic development.

59.    Recognizing that  the promotion  of mutually  reinforcing broad-based
sustained  economic  growth  on   a  global  scale,   as  well  as  a   non-
discriminatory  and  multilateral  rule-based international  trading system,
provided a basis for  social development, the Heads  of State or  Government
called  for  the  establishment  of  an  open,  equitable,  cooperative  and
mutually beneficial  international economic environment.   They also  called
for a  reduction  of  trade barriers  and promotion  of  expanded access  to
global markets.

60.    The Heads  of  State or  Government  reaffirmed  their  commitment to
safeguard the  basic interests of  workers.  They  called upon countries  to
refrain  from  erecting  trade  barriers  in  the  guise  of  promotion  and

protection  of workers' rights.   They  deplored the tendency  to impose any
conditionalities on international trade, whether as  a "social clause" or as
the "environmental clause",  while reiterating their commitment to  ensuring
workers' rights as well as protection of the environment.

Special measures for the least developed and land-locked countries

61.   The Heads of State or Government noted with deep concern that economic
growth in  the least developed countries  and land-locked  countries was not
satisfactory   and  emphasized  the   need  to  take  special  measures  for
accelerating the  process  of development.    They  reiterated the  need  to
fulfil the internationally agreed aid  targets for the  developing countries
and  the least  developed  countries.    They  emphasized  on the  need  for
exceptional  finance  to   facilitate  implementation  of  economic   reform
programmes in SAARC countries.

 Dates and  venue  of the  ninth meeting  of  the  SAARC Heads  of State  or
Government

62.   The Heads of State or Government gratefully accepted  the offer of the
Government of  Maldives to host the ninth  SAARC summit.  The dates would be
finalized in consultation with member States.

63.   The Heads  of State  or  Government of  Bangladesh, Bhutan,  Maldives,
Nepal, Pakistan  and Sri  Lanka expressed  their deep  appreciation for  the
exemplary manner  in which the  Prime Minister of  India had discharged  his
responsibilities as Chairman of the meeting.   They expressed their profound
gratitude  for the  warm and  gracious hospitality  extended to them  by the
Government and  the people of the  Republic of India  and for the  excellent
arrangements made for the meeting.


-----



 

This document has been posted online by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA). Reproduction and dissemination of the document - in electronic and/or printed format - is encouraged, provided acknowledgement is made of the role of the United Nations in making it available.

Date last posted: 18 December 1999 16:30:10
Comments and suggestions: esa@un.org