United Nations

A/CONF.167/L.4/Rev.1 


General Assembly

Distr. LIMITED  

5 May 1994 

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


 CONSIDERATION OF PLANS AND PROGRAMMES TO SUPPORT THE SUSTAINABLE  
 DEVELOPMENT OF SMALL ISLAND DEVELOPING STATES AND THE   
UTILIZATION  
 OF THEIR MARINE AND COASTAL RESOURCES, WHICH INCLUDES MEETING  
 ESSENTIAL HUMAN NEEDS, MAINTAINING BIODIVERSITY, AND IMPROVING  
 THE QUALITY OF LIFE FOR ISLAND PEOPLE, AS WELL AS MEASURES THAT  
 WILL ENABLE SMALL ISLAND DEVELOPING STATES TO COPE EFFECTIVELY,  
 CREATIVELY AND IN A SUSTAINABLE MANNER WITH ENVIRONMENTAL   
CHANGES  
 AND TO MITIGATE THE IMPACTS ON AND REDUCE THE THREATS POSED TO  
 MARINE AND COASTAL RESOURCES: CONSIDERATION OF PROPOSALS FOR A  
BARBADOS DECLARATION  
  
Barbados: draft declaration  
  
DECLARATION OF BARBADOS  
  
We the States participating in the Global Conference on the   
Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States,  
  
Having met at Bridgetown, Barbados, from 25 April to 6 May 1994,  
  
Reaffirming the principles and commitments to sustainable   
development embodied in the Rio Declaration on Environment and   
Development,  /  
Agenda 21  / and the Non-legally Binding Authoritative Statement   
of Principles for a Global Consensus on the Management,   
Conservation and Sustainable Development of All Types of   
Forests,  / which were adopted by the nations of the world at the   
United Nations Conference on Environment and Development on   
14 June 1992, as well as in the United Nations Framework   
Convention on Climate Change  / and the Convention on Biological   
Diversity,  /   
  
Recognizing that the Global Conference on the Sustainable   
Development of Small Island Developing States translates Agenda   
21 into specific policies, actions and measures to be taken at   
the national, regional and international levels to enable small   
island developing States to achieve sustainable development,  
  
Part One  
  
Affirm that:  
  
I  
  
1.The survival of small island developing States is firmly rooted   
in their human resources and cultural heritage, which are their   
most significant assets; those assets are under severe stress and   
all efforts must be taken to ensure the central position of   
people in the process of sustainable development.  
  
2.Sustainable development programmes must seek to enhance the   
quality of life of peoples, including their health, well-being   
and safety.  
  
3.Full attention should be given to gender equity and to the   
important role and contribution of women, as well as to the needs   
of women and other major groups, including children, youth and   
indigenous people.  
  
II  
  
Small island developing States have sovereign rights over their   
own natural resources. Their biodiversity is among the most   
threatened in the world and their ecosystems provide ecological   
corridors linking major areas of biodiversity around the world.   
They bear responsibility for a significant portion of the world's   
oceans and seas and their resources. The efforts of small island   
developing States to conserve, protect and restore their   
ecosystems deserve international cooperation and partnership.  
  
III  
  
1.Small island developing States are particularly vulnerable to   
natural as well as environmental disasters and have a limited   
capacity to respond to and recover from such disasters.  
  
2.While small island developing States are among those that   
contribute least to global climate change and sealevel rise, they   
are among those that would suffer most from the adverse effects   
of such phenomena and could in some cases become uninhabitable.   
Therefore, they are among those particularly vulnerable States   
that need assistance under the United Nations Framework   
Convention on Climate Change, including adaptation measures and   
mitigation efforts.  
  
3.Small island developing States share with all nations a   
critical interest in the protection of coastal zones and oceans   
against the effects of land-based sources of pollution.  
  
4.Limited freshwater resources, increasing amounts of waste and   
hazardous substances, and limited facilities for waste disposal   
combine to make pollution prevention, waste management and the   
transboundary movement of hazardous materials critical issues for   
small island developing States.  
  
IV  
  
Small island developing States are limited in size, have   
vulnerable economies and are dependent both upon narrow resource   
bases and on international trade, without the means of   
influencing the terms of that trade.  
  
V  
  
To enhance their national capacities and self-reliance, small   
island developing States, with the assistance and support of the   
international community, should actively promote human resources   
development programmes, including education, training and skills   
development. Their institutional and administrative capacity to   
implement the programme of action must be strengthened at all   
levels by supportive partnerships and cooperation, including   
technical assistance, the further development of legislation and   
mechanisms for information sharing.  
  
VI  
  
There is an urgent need in small island developing States to   
address the constraints to sustainable development, including   
scarce land resources, which lead to difficult land and   
agriculture use decisions; limited fresh water; education and   
training needs; health and human settlement requirements;   
inordinate pressures on coastal and marine environment and   
resources; and limited means available to exploit natural   
resources on a sustainable basis.  
  
VII  
  
1.The special role of non-governmental organizations and the   
importance of a partnership between Governments,   
intergovernmental organizations and agencies, non-governmental   
organizations and other major groups in implementing Agenda 21   
and the programme of action at the national, subregional,   
regional and international levels should be recognized.  
  
2.That partnership should include efforts to increase public   
awareness of the outcomes and follow-up of the Global Conference   
on the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States   
through all available means of communication.   
  
Part Two  
  
Declare that:  
  
I  
  
Based on the principle of the right to development, small island   
developing States should, in accordance with their own   
priorities, endeavour to achieve the goals of sustainable   
development by, inter alia, formulating and implementing   
policies, strategies and programmes that take into account   
development, health and environmental goals, strengthening   
national institutions, and mobilizing all available resources,   
all of which are aimed at improving the quality of life.  
  
II  
  
Through regional and subregional cooperation, small island   
developing States and the international community should   
encourage strong functional cooperation in the promotion of   
sustainable development by sharing information and technology,   
strengthening institutions and building capacity.  
  
III  
  
1.The international community should cooperate with small island   
developing States in the implementation of the programme of   
action by providing effective means, including adequate,   
predictable new and additional financial resources in accordance   
with chapter 33 of Agenda 21; facilitating the transfer of   
environmentally sound technology, including on concessional and   
preferential terms as mutually agreed, taking into account the   
need to protect intellectual property rights as well as the   
special needs of developing countries; and promoting fair,   
equitable and non-discriminatory trading arrangements and a   
supportive international economic system.  
  
2.The international community has a responsibility to facilitate   
the efforts of small island developing States to minimize the   
stress on their fragile ecosystems, including through cooperative   
action and partnership.  
  
3.To achieve sustainable development and a higher quality of life   
for all people, including people of small island developing   
States, all States should reduce and eliminate unsustainable   
patterns of production and consumption, and should promote   
appropriate demographic policies.  
  
4.The international community should build new and equitable   
partnerships for the sustainable development of small island   
developing States through the implementation of the programme of   
action and should send a powerful message to the world's peoples   
on the possibilities of joint action undertaken with a sense of   
common purpose and partnership.  
  
-----  
	1/	Report of the United Nations Conference on Environment and   
Development, Rio de Janeiro, 3-14 June 1992, vol. I, Resolutions Adopted by the   
Conference (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.93.I.8 and corrigendum),   
resolution 1, annex I.  
	2/	Ibid., annex II.  
	3/	Ibid., annex III.  
  
  
	/...  
	 /	A/AC.237/18 (Part II)/Add.1, annex I.  
	 /	See United Nations Environment Programme, Convention on Biological   
Diversity (Environmental Law and Institutions Programme Activity Centre),   
June 1992. 
 
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Date last posted: 16 February 2000 14:26:35
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