Address by Rt. Hon’ble Man Mohan Adhikari
Prime Minister of Kingdom of Nepal 

to the World Summit for Social Development
(Copenhagen, March 12, 1995)

Mr. Chairman, 
Your Excellency Secretary-General of the United Nations 
Distinguished Delegates 
Ladies and Gentlemen.

 Let me, first of all, congratulate you; Mr. Chairman, on our election to 
the Chair of this Summit.

 I would also like to express my cordial thanks to the people and the 
Government of Denmark for the warm hospitality accorded tO US at this 
beautiful capital city of Denmark ,Copenhagen.

 Mr. Chairman,

 In the latter half of this century, dramatic political and social changes 
occurred. New social values emerged, government's social policies changed, 
new cultural values arose out of awareness of the interdependence of 
nations, and at the same, new values created social responsibility, social 
responsiveness and social involvement. Government and other organizations, 
recognised the ethics of social responsibility. In this very context I 
would like to take the liberty to express the feelings of CPN (UML) 
government towards national development.

 First of all, we are committed tO the evolution of a prosperous and 
dignified Nepal by consolidating multiparty democracy. Therefore, we think 
supremacy of the Constitution, rule of law. protection and promotion of 
Human Rights are of vital importance to achieve our aim of creating a 
competitive, dynamic society oriented to people's welfare. For this, we are 
trying to cause a basic change on all fronts of including social 
development. By change we expect to translate democratic philosophical 
thrust into action. We are trying to establish a societv based on social 
justice by uplifting the standard of living of the people who are 
illiterate, poor and down-trodden. We emphasize on the implementation of an 
open and liberal but balanced economic programmes.

 Mr. Chairman,

 In our case, the basic economic problems are the problem of poverty, rapid 
population growth and environmental degradation. To tackle these problems, 
economic development has become the main thrust of our national planning . 
But, because of the marginal economic growth, higher population growth rate 
and various developmental constraints, majority of our population are under 
below poverty line. On top of that even in today's industrial and business 
world our economy is still predominantly an agricultural one. This 
objective reality calls for us to end of dual ownership of land and 
safeguard peasants' tenancy right through proper land reform measures? 
eradication of bonded labor (Kamazva Pratha), optimum use of land and 
increment in productivity.

 To shoulder these tasks, efforts are underway towards formulating and 
implementing agricultural development programmes on the basis of local 
requirement and participation of farmers. Agro-based industries, animal 
husbandry, horticulture development will be stressed. Our government has 
given special importance tO creating employment opportunities in 
agricultural sector ensuring increase in agricultural productivity, 
appropriate use and distribution of lands.

 To make our society economically more open to enter into global economy, 
we are committed to follow the concept of liberalization. We will protect 
and encourage private sector as much as it plays a significant role in the 
national economy. It cannot be a trade off between profit and social 
injustice. Mobilization of foreign investment and transfer of appropriate 
technologies will be welcomed.

 Mr. Chairman,

 For poverty alleviation, education for all and easy access to economy for 
all would be our basic guidelines. As unemployment has become a burning 
problem and a hindrance to social development, we are emphasizing to 
generate employment by imparting vocational and technical training to the 
people belonging to low-income groups, backward communities and poor 
Nepalese women as well.

 Mr. Chairman,

 On social welfare side, the government has brought out various provisions 
for relief measures to the poverty-ridden people. The government is 
initiating different measures to encourage talents in the fields of 
literature, arts and culture, has been given to the protection and 
conservation of historical and ancient temples and monasteries, monuments 
and places of importance while making efforts for the development of 
various languages. religions. art and culture.

 Mr. Chairman,

 We are doing every efforts for the full implementation of the laws 
regarding children to ensure their rights. Programmes are expanded to 
protect orphan children and aged citizens and to make disabled people self-
reliant . On health sector, we provide basic primary health services and 
medical facilities upto the village level. Family planning, maternity and 
child care measures are to be further expanded for reducing the child 
mortality rate. Effective management of Primary health centres and sub-
health posts has been stressed. Public hospitals are to be upgraded and 
better equipped with facilities.

 This is what we are trying to solve the challenges faced by our country. 
But, as you all know in today's dynamic and globalised world, many of the 
challenges have to be faced not only within the national boundaries but 
also with a concerted effort carried out by the international community. As 
we all know, the world is standing on the verge of this century 
enthusiastically waiting to step in the twenty-first century, but the irony 
is that the least developed and underdeveloped countries are still crippled 
by escalating poverty amidst growing population, burgeoning unemployment, 
shrinking job markets, widespread environmental degradation, increasing 
ethnic conflicts and communal strafes, and health problems as well as 
violence against and exploitation of women and children. These challenges 
against human civilization need joint endeavour to meet.

 Mr. Chairman,

 However, in the process of cooperation, underdeveloped countries like ours 
have the imperatives to plan for our own destiny. We have to plan for 
specific development approaches. Our societies can not afford to the 
prescriptions originated in the highly developed societies. Structured pro-
rich policies always can not be a medicine for all diseases and a balanced 
pro-poor people approach is a must to provide the dividend of development 
to the commen people. We are highly motivated towards this end. We urge the 
developed countries to increase their share of contribution more to the 
landlocked and least developed countries understanding our problems 
objectively and realistically. 
 Although International Convention, in accordance with the international 
law, has accepted the principle of freedom of transit, many countries are 
still facing difficulties regarding free and fare access to seas and thus 
their international trade has been badly affected. Similarly special and 
Preferential treatment to less developed countries on tariff and trade has 
not yet been materialised. In such a situation, we, therefore, expect from 
the concerned countries more lenient reasonable approach and cooperation It 
is the high time to urge the developed countries and the international 
financial institutions, agencies and donor countries to recognize the debt 
burden of the least developed countries and to be more considerate while 
prescribing burdensome conditionalities that affect the country's abilities 
to invest on social development.

 Mr. Chairman,

 This World Conference for Social Development marks the fiftieth 
anniversary of the birth of the United Nations. On this occasion, I take 
pleasure to recall the contributions made by the UN towards creating and 
upholding the feeling of togetherness among the people of the world and at 
the same time I would like to reiterate my sincere appreciation for its 
creative endeavour especially to the cause of the Third World people.

 I have every hope that this august congregation of world Leaders and 
dignitaries will all the more come up with a proclamation for the 
protection of environment in global scale and proper as well as justified 
use of natural resources more imperative to contribute to the sustained 
social progress. Greater social interaction and stability, I believe, is 
required for this noble cause of the development of societies we are 
globally concerned about.

 Finally, I think that the realisation of the fact that the Third World 
countries have tremendously contributed for the progress of the developed 
countries and this beautiful world of ours cannot be prosperous without the 
development of underdeveloped ones.

 Thank you.

The electronic version of this document was prepared at the World Summit for Social Development by the United Nations Development Programme in collaboration with the United Nations Department for Public Information.This version has been posted online by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA). Reproduction and dissemination of the document - in electronic and/or printed format - is encouraged, provided acknowledgement is made of the role of the United Nations in making it available.

Date last posted: 25/01/2000 15:35:30
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