In the name of Allah, the Merciful, the Compassionate

Statement of the Delegation of The Republic of Iraq

In the World Summit for Social Development
Copenhagen. 6-12 March 1995

 Mr. Chairman,

 On behalf of the Delegation of the Republic of Iraq to the World Summit 
for Social Development, allow me to express to you my heartily 
congratulations on the occasion of your election for the chairmanship of 
this important conference. I would like also to express my congratulations 
to all members of the bureau. I am confident that your qualifications would 
play its part in leading this conference to success in order to achieve its 
noble aims. I would like also to extend my deep thanks for the Kingdom of 
Denmark for the friendly hospitality of this beautiful country.

 Mr. Chairman,

 His Excellency, the Foreign Minister of Iraq assured, in his letter to Mr. 
Somavia, the Chairman of the Preparatory Committee of the World Summit for 
Social Development, that Iraq is keen to seriously participate in all 
preparatory activities of the Summit. My country's delegations did actively 
participate in all these activities, whether in the three sessions of the 
preparatory committee in 1994 and at the beginning of this year or during 
informal consultations in the framework of the United Nations, the Group-77 
or the regional framework when Iraq participated in the meeting of Arab 
experts in social development which was organized by ESCWA in cooperation 
with the League of Arab Countries held at Amman in October 1994, which 
resulted in the endorsement of the draft of Arab Declaration for Social 
Development presented to this Summit, which express the views of the Arab 
Countries vis-a-vis the subjects being dealt with in the conference.

 Iraq's interest in this Summit is part of its efforts in the intentional 
arena, specially in the framework of the Non-aligned Movement to achieve a 
democratic and equitable intentional order to deal with social matters and 
in its forefront the three subjects which our Summit is dealing with, 
namely; enhancing social integration, eradication of poverty and the 
expansion of productive employment. In the light of these three subjects, 
my country's delegation, in the framework of the second session of the 
Preparatory Committee held in New York from 22/8/1994 to 2/9/1994, 
distributed a paper dealing with development of social strategy in Iraq and 
the effects of economic sanctions on this strategy. For it is not rational 
to talk about development in Iraq without mentioning the subject of 
economic sanctions imposed on it as a negative factor which resulted in 
halting development process and destroyed its basis.

  Mr. Chairman,

International instruments, and in its forefront the U.N. Charter and the 
two intentional conventions concerning human rights, stated that the right 
of development is, no doubt, one  - of these inalienable rights which is 
underlined by the final declaration of the Intentional Conference on Human 
Rights held in Vienna in 1993. The U.N. Charter also stated that one of its 
aims is achieving international cooperation in resolving economical, social 
humanitarian nature, equality of rights of men and women, enhancing social 
development and improving standards of living in a free climate.

 That is why we believe our Summit must reach practical results that 
enhance the principle of the right in development as an unalienable right 
originating in the right of people to use their wealth and resources, a 
right that became an interdependent part of basic human rights based on the 
linkage between economical, social and cultural rights on one side and 
civil and - political rights on the other side. Any-separation of these 
rights have adverse effects on the process of development.

 In this light, we must deal with the problems of external debts, poverty, 
economical and social backwardness and whatever cause suffering for 
developing countries whether due to shortages of resources, scientific and 
technical abilities, or resulting from structural adjustment programmes and 
their effects on development, or as a result of economic sanctions which 
are imposed on this or that country. Is it allowed to undermine the 
principles of humanity when imposing economic sanctions?

 Mr. Chairman,

My country's delegations presented in the framework of consultations during 
the sessions of the Preparatory Committee some elements that can form a 
proposal which might find its way to the Programme of Action to be adopted 
by this summit. This proposal takes into consideration the highly impeding 
effects of economic sanctions on prosperity and social progress, and that 
the intentional community should carefully study, from both legal and 
political aspects, the serious effects that result from imposing such 
sanctions and search for a mechanism to reduce these dangers to the society 
as much as possible, not only because of the serious reflections of the 
sanctions on development but also because it reduces the opportunities for 
progress and stability of the society which are essential factors for 
international peace and security.

 Despite the agreement of Group-77 to include an article in the Programme 
of Action to deal with this serious subject, some Western countries 
insisted on objecting to deal with it on the pretext that economic 
sanctions is a political matter that has no connection to social 
development! We find this pretext illogical and has no realistic or legal 
basis, in addition to its clear contradiction with the aims of the U.N. 
Charter. Such a position originates in the selfish and illegal political 
aims of these countries.

 Mr. Chairman,

 The Iraqi Delegation to the Summit has also drawn the attention of the 
Main Committee to the serious matter of neglecting to deal with the subject 
of brain-drain which has been adversely affecting the social development 
process in the developing countries. Unfortunately some advanced countries 
are using legislations and other means of enticement to attract qualified 
persons from developing nations.

 The Iraqi delegation feels very deeply that this Summit should deal with 
this serious problem and has presented a proposal to the Main Committee 
aiming at stopping the brain-drain process and encouraging the repatriation 
of qualified people to their home countries.

 Mr. Chairman,

 In recent years the cases of economic sanctions have been on the increase, 
all are directed towards Third World Countries. This phenomenon that harms 
Third World Countries mostly in their living standard of their people and 
their economy, which neither comply with the spirit of the Charter, nore 
with the humanitarian principles upon which the U.N. was formed, and, 
without any doubt, in contradiction with the aims of this Conference. In 
our opinion, this phenomenon would lead to weakening the effectiveness and 
world confidence in the U.N.

 The dangerous situation caused by economic sanctions has urged the U.N. 
Secretary General to reflect on the subject in details in his report 
(document 5/199511) annexed to (Agenda for Peace), in which he pointed out 
the legal and moral aspects of imposing economic sanctions in addition to 
underlining the difficulties that are specially linked to the aims of 
sanctions and monitoring its application and its unintended consequences.

 We must point out here that the moral question and whether the imposed 
suffering on the vulnerable groups (the most disadvantaged) in the targeted 
countries is a legal means to practice political pressure, in addition to 
the destructive consequences of these sanctions on the whole process of 

 The document of the U.N. Secretary General contains opinions and ideas 
which can be utilized by our conference in formulating a balanced item 
concerning economic sanctions and its effects on development. We believe 
that this subject is within the core of the work of our Conference due to 
its direct connection to the three subjects in whose light this Conference 
is held.

 Thank you.

The electronic version of this document was prepared at the World Summit for Social Development by the United Nations Development Programme in collaboration with the United Nations Department for Public Information.This version has been posted online by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA). Reproduction and dissemination of the document - in electronic and/or printed format - is encouraged, provided acknowledgement is made of the role of the United Nations in making it available.

Date last posted: 25/01/2000 15:35:30
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