United Nations


General Assembly

17 May 1996

     Ad Hoc Open-ended Working Group of the General Assembly
                  on An Agenda for Development 

               Submitted by the two Vice-Chairmen


     We, the two vice-chairmen for the Open-ended Working Group on an Agenda
for Development have, with the valuable support from the Secretariat, prepared
this revised synthesis text on Chapter III of the Agenda for Development as
the basis for our continued negotiations.

     The text is based on the earlier synthesis, our consultations in
January-February 1996 and additional proposals put forward by March 15.  It
was, to a large extent, prepared before the final outcome of the negotiations
on the follow-up to resolution 48/162 was known.  There might therefore be
need for some adjustments in the text to make it conform to the results of the
48/162 process.  This could be done during the forthcoming negotiations.

     There might also be some overlap between the revised synthesis text and
the resolution on follow-up to 48/162.  In view of the chair this is not
necessarily a problem, since it will enable the Agenda for Development, with
its three chapters, to stand on its own.

Ren‚ Val‚ry Mongb‚                      Peter Osvald
Permanent Representative of                  Permanent Representative
the Republic of Benin to                     Sweden to the United
the United Nations


     1.   Strengthening of international cooperation for development

212. The international community is entering a new and challenging phase in
invigorating the institutions in support of international cooperation for
development.  Globalization and interdependence have become key features of
the world economy as fewer problems can be solved by national efforts alone. 
International cooperation for development is more than ever acknowledged as a
necessity, that derives from recognized mutual interest.  Therefore, it is
necessary that such cooperation be strengthened.  In this effort the United
Nations occupies a central position and key role.

213. There is an increasing acceptance of a common concept of development,
centered on human beings fostered by sustained economic growth and sustainable
development and supported by a revitalized and enhanced system of
international cooperation.  The major international conferences held over the
last five years, have played a key role in building this common concept and in
identifying the actions needed to fulfill common goals.  Fulfilling the goals
and commitments reached at major international conferences is essential if
development is to materialize to its fullest extent and in all its facets. 
Therefore, a multidimensional approach to development is essential.  Promoting
development based on a comprehensive and integrated approach should guide
bilateral and multilateral development cooperation and should serve as a
guiding organizing principle for the United Nations development system.

214. Among the many actors in international development, the United Nations,
because of its unique universal character and impartiality and because of its
physical presence in many parts of the world, plays a central role in
promoting international development cooperation.  This central role should be
reinforced.  Therefore, through this Agenda, recommendations are made for a
stronger, more effective and efficient United Nations so that it, and the
United Nations system as a whole may contribute better to economic
development, social development and environmental protection as interdependent
and mutually reinforcing components of sustainable development in all
countries, in particular in developing countries, and respond to the ever-
changing economic and social world conditions in a more effective and flexible
way.  This requires that a number of institutional issues be addressed while
safeguarding the transparent, democratic and truly universal character of the
Organization and taking into account the overall ongoing processes of reform
of the United Nations.

     2.   Role of the United Nations in development in its various functions

215. The United Nations Charter calls upon the Organization to achieve
international co-operation in solving international problems of an economic,
social and related character, and to create conditions of stability and
economic and social well being that are necessary for friendly and peaceful
relations among nations based on the principle of the sovereign equality of
all its Member States.  Consequently, the role and functions of the United
Nations in development range wide and deep.

216. The key characteristics of the United Nations are its universal
membership and comprehensive mandate.  The United Nations constitutes a unique
forum for building international consensus on global priorities for which
there exists no substitute.  Forging consensus and commitments, through
deliberation and negotiation at, inter alia, various international
conferences, on international economic social and related issues is one of the
most important functions of the United Nations system.  To this end, the
capacity of the United nations and its various bodies to undertake analytical
and policy-oriented work in the economic and social fields must be realized.

217. The United Nations is also singularly well placed for developing
international law and establishing norms and standards as well as treaties and
conventions.  Furthermore, the United Nations plays a prominent role in
raising public awareness, in promoting and advocating the implementation of
internationally agreed principles and commitments through concrete development
programmes, in responding to humanitarian needs, in collecting and
disseminating information, and through its presence in the field.

218. The United Nations has the unique and fundamental mandate to address
issues of peace and development in an integrated manner, through appropriate
institutions, and to operationalize their interlinkages.  The United Nations 
should play a leading role in formulating and implementing policies concerning
conflict resolution, including post conflict peace-building, emergency
assistance, and the continuum from relief to rehabilitation and long-term
development.  At the same time, these activities should not be to the
detriment of the Organization's consideration of and actions on development

219. The United Nations, in cooperation with the Bretton Woods Institutions,
other bodies of the United Nations system, including its specialized agencies,
and the WTO, has a leading role in fostering greater coherence,
complementarity and coordination in global economic policy making and in
ensuring the effective implementation of internationally agreed policies and
goals.  It must do so both in facilitating the establishment of international
development priorities and in promoting coordination and cooperation between
the many development actors.  It is essential for the United Nations to
harness as effectively as possible the complementary and mutually reinforcing
roles and capacities of the various parts of the system, both at headquarters
and in the field.

220. An important feature of the United Nations is its operational activities
for development in the field.  The United Nations should continue to provide
assistance and advice in a neutral manner and without preconceptions. 
Furthermore, because of its wide-ranging mandate, the Organization is well
suited to promote a comprehensive and balanced approach to economic
development, social development and environmental protection as components of
sustainable development.  Therefore, the challenge for the United Nations and
its funds and programmes is to play a leading role in supporting governments,
particularly those of the developing countries, in their efforts to address
increasingly complex issues of development in an interdependent world.

221. The United Nations performs various functions in the economic, social
and related fields.  The Organization will remain effective and relevant only
as a result of high quality performance, avoidance of overlap and duplication,
responsiveness to changing conditions and trends, transparency in its
operations and being fully accountable for its actions.  However, enhancing
its performance depends not only on reform of its institutional structures,
capabilities and functions but equally on adequate and predictable financial
resources.  Reforming and revitalizing the United Nations should not be an
exercise based on cost-cutting only.  Savings, realized as a result of reform,
should be reinvested in the Organization so that it can effectively implement
the mandates called for by its member States.

     3.   Enhancing the role, capacity, effectiveness and efficiency of the
          UN system in development

222. Over the last fifty years the United Nations system has grown and
expanded in the economic, social and related sectors.  Through its activities
the system has contributed significantly to the development process.  The
Organization is, however today, being called upon to respond more effectively
to the changing development needs and demands.  Streamlining, consolidating,
rationalization and coordination of activities and institutions will
contribute to enhancing the role, capacity, effectiveness and efficiency of
the United Nations system in development.

223. Efforts are needed with respect to the General Assembly, especially its
Second and Third committees, ECOSOC and its subsidiary bodies, United Nations
Secretariat and reporting arrangements.  Achieving greater coherence and
complementarity among related activities and/or improving linkages between
them will also contribute to improving the United Nations system's
organizational structure.

224. Essential to improving the coordination and focus of the United Nations
system's development activities is to ensure that it is guided by a clear set
of priorities and strategies identified by the General Assembly, with the
support of ECOSOC, and that incorporate the outcomes of recent major
international conferences.  Also essential is that ECOSOC has the capacity to
fulfill its role in overall coordination in the economic, social and related
sectors, and in guidance of operational activities.

          - General Assembly

225. The General Assembly is the highest intergovernmental mechanism for the
formulation and appraisal of policies in the economic, social and related
fields, and the main forum where Governments pursue the development dialogue
in its political context.   This dialogue aims at both promoting an integrated
view of matters relating to the economic, social and related fields, thus
fostering the deeper political understanding needed for enhanced international
development cooperation, and at generating impulses for action and launching

226. Measures have to be identified to enhance the ability of the General
Assembly debate to generate substantive solutions to specific policy problems
and to take an integrated approach to development.  A more focussed General
Debate and a thorough evaluation of a reduced number of themes by the
Assembly's committees might contribute to improving the coherence of the
Assembly's work, in particular of its second, third and fifth committees, and
would facilitate the consideration of development in an integrated manner. 
Greater coherence and complementarity between the work of the Second and Third
Committees needs to be promoted.  For this purpose, the General Committee of
the General Assembly should ensure better coordination of the agendas of the
Second and Third Committees.  Also, the bureaux of the Second and Third
Committees should review their respective programmes of work in order to
exchange information on the issues discussed in each and identify potential
areas of overlap and duplication.  

226bis A necessary corollary to revitalizing the role of the General Assembly
is to assess possibilities to increase the efficient involvement of relevant
non state actors in its work, in accordance with its rules of procedure, such
as panel discussions with delegations and interactive debates with the active
participation of Secretariat and agency representatives as well as outside
experts.  With such improvements, better use would be made of the forum of the
General Assembly to deal with major economic, social or other issues, which
are now largely addressed by separately organized major international

227. At the same time, for the General Assembly to fully perform its Charter
role, measures also have to be taken in addition to the strengthening of the
General Assembly itself, to ensure that priorities set by the General Assembly
are transmitted to the entire United Nations system for full implementation
and follow-up, as appropriate.  The policy-making and policy guidance role of
the General Assembly should be reaffirmed in the area of macroeconomic

228. An essential aspect of the transmission of priorities is to achieve
better coherence among the substantive, programming, coordination and
budgeting processes.  The current intergovernmental machinery for priority
setting should be reviewed, to ensure that sufficient flexibility exists to
realign programmes as priorities evolve, including the role and working
methods of the Committee for Programme and Coordination, with a view of
finding ways of improving programme coordination functions throughout the
United Nations system. 

          - ECOSOC

229. ECOSOC must continue to strengthen its role as the central mechanism for
coordination of the United Nations system and its specialized agencies and
supervision of subsidiary bodies, in particular its functional commissions in
the economic and social fields.  ECOSOC must also promote a coordinated
follow-up to the outcomes of major international conferences in the economic,
social and related fields.  The on-going efforts to reform ECOSOC have already
produced significant improvements in its functioning.  These reforms should be
allowed to take root and be built on.  At the same time, further efforts are
required to increase the capacity of ECOSOC to monitor and coordinate the
United Nations development system.  This calls for more effective procedures
and further review of the work programme and working methods of the Council
with a view to better fulfilling its responsibilities for overall guidance,
coordination and conference follow-up.  Enhancing the capacity of ECOSOC, in
accordance with the relevant provisions of the Charter, to furnish information
on development trends to the Security Council and the General Assembly, would
contribute to strengthening the UN capability in social and economic


230. The organization and preparation of the high-level segment should be
improved, in particular the selection of its main theme which should be
topical, cross-sectoral and of global interest.  The duration of the segment
should be of an adequate length to allow for a meaningful dialogue.  The
segment should be used to improve the synergy between the social and economic
sectors and to strengthen the dialogue and active cooperation on development
issues between the UN, the Bretton Woods institutions and the WTO.  The
dialogue with the heads of the international financial and trade institutions
should be more focussed on issues of common interest.  To this end, the
possibility should be explored of having a joint report prepared by the
Secretariats of the United Nations, UNCTAD, the Bretton Woods institutions and
the World Trade Organization.  To reinforce the role of the high level
segment, more weight should be given to its outcome, which should normally be
in the form of agreed conclusions and which should be followed up by all
relevant bodies and organizations of the United Nations system.  
231. The coordination segment of the Council provides the opportunity to
examine cross cutting themes common to major conferences and to contribute to
an overall review of the implementation of the programme of action of a United
Nations conference.  Consideration should also be given to examine a theme
dealing with concrete sectoral issues.  A more focussed dialogue on the theme
or themes should be developed with the funds and programmes, the regional
commissions and the relevant specialized agencies, including the Bretton Woods
institutions, as well as the World Trade Organization, as appropriate.  The
agreed conclusions of the segment should be strengthened and be made more

231bis  The joint meetings of the Administrative Committee on Coordination and
the Committee on Programme and Coordination shall be discontinued and their
functions shall be assigned to the coordination segment.

232. The role of ECOSOC in providing coordination and guidance  particularly
in the context of the policies formulated by the General Assembly through the
triennial policy reviews of operational activities, should be reinforced. 
ECOSOC's role as the overall coordinating body in development programmes also
needs to be enhanced.  Towards that end the operational activities segment
should provide guidance to the Boards of the Funds and Programmes and should
monitor the implementation of General Assembly guidelines, including
operational aspects of the follow-up to major international conferences and by
establishing objectives, priorities and strategies in the implementation of
the policies formulated by the General Assembly.  ECOSOC should receive
objective and in-depth evaluations of country level performance by the Funds
and Programmes and the organizations of the UN system, prepared under the
authority of the Secretary-General.  The high-level session of the operational
activities segment should deal with emerging requirements of developing
countries on the basis of the report prepared by the  Secretary-General. 
Heads of Funds and Programmes should, through the Secretary-General, bring to
the attention of the Council particular areas requiring guidance and
intergovernmental support.

233. The agenda of the general segment should be radically streamlined.  The
primary function of the segment should be to conduct an action-oriented review
of the activities, reports and recommendations of ECOSOC's subsidiary bodies. 
ECOSOC should avoid repetition of debates  held in these bodies and focus its
attention on major policy issues that require a prioritized and coordinated
response from the UN system as a whole.  The reports of subsidiary bodies
should identify clearly conclusions and recommendations and the issues that
may require the attention of and/or action by the Council.

                     Functional commissions and expert groups

234. The extent to which ECOSOC may have ceded too much of its authority and
functions to its subsidiary bodies, or weakened its standing within the UN
system by having marginalized itself, is an issue that requires examination. 
Better guidance by ECOSOC to its functional commissions and expert groups and
bodies is particularly important.  The functional commissions should be able
to give the best possible support to ECOSOC in its role of providing overall
coordination and guidance, and in the follow-up of major UN conferences.  It
is therefore crucial to ensure the continuing technical credibility of these
commissions, groups and bodies so that they can effectively serve as catalysts
for action.

234bis The ECOSOC should undertake a review of the mandates, composition,
functions and working methods of its functional commissions and expert groups
and bodies, to ensure more effective and coordinated discussions and outcomes
of their work.  Such a review should be completed by the fifty-second session
of the General Assembly and should, as a matter of priority, consider the
role, working methods and relationships with other bodies of the Commission
for Science and Technology for Development, the Committee for Development
Planning, the Committee on New and Renewable Sources of Energy and the
Committee on Natural Resources.  The World Food Council should be discontinued
and its functions should be absorbed by FAO and WFP.

234ter In case of the functional commissions with primary responsibility for
the follow-up and review of the implementation of a major conference, ECOSOC
shall ensure the harmonization and coordination of their agendas and multi-
year work programmes, by promoting a clearer division of labour among them and
providing clear policy guidance to them.  If an effective and coordinated
follow-up process suggests the need, then the consolidation of activities of
subsidiary bodies may be considered as appropriate.

                     Regional commissions

235. The regional commissions play an important role in bringing the work of
the United Nations closer to the specific development situations and concerns
of countries and regions, including fostering economic cooperation, economic
integration and economic development, in providing the General Assembly,
through ECOSOC, with substantive analytical and policy oriented work, and in
assisting countries in each region in the implementation and monitoring of
recommendations of conferences and of other commitments.  In order to enhance
their role, consideration should be given to decentralization of activities
and resources from headquarters to the regions and a stronger focus on
regional problems such as poverty eradication, statistical data collection,
policy analysis and recommendations, and other related research activities.

235bis  ECOSOC should provide for the review of the regional commissions with
a view to strengthening and enhancing their effectiveness as action-and
policy-oriented bodies in the economic and development fields. The Council
should ensure better coordination of the regional commissions with the United
Nations system as a whole as well as among themselves, thereby eliminating
unnecessary duplication or overlapping of work.  ECOSOC should also ensure the
active participation of the regional commissions in the Council's examination
of the chosen theme for the follow-up of major conferences.  The regional
commissions are encouraged to undertake their own management and functional
assessment for adjusting their priorities, mandates, tasks and structures
taking into account that numerous other regional institutions have been

                     Funds and programmes

236. United Nations Funds and Programmes are important vehicles for advancing
development cooperation.  There is need for a substantial increase in
resources for operational activities for development on a predictable,
continuous and assured basis commensurate with the increased needs of
developing countries.  The urgent and specific needs of the low-income
countries, in particular the least developed countries, should receive
priority allocation of grant resources of programmes and projects provided
through the Funds and Programmes.  The United Nations operational activities
for development should be implemented by the funds and programmes in
accordance with General Assembly resolutions adopted particularly in the
context of the triennial policy review of operational activities.  In this
implementation the funds and programmes should take advantage of the expertise
of the specialized agencies.  Memoranda of Understanding clearly outlining
individual responsibilities and areas of cooperation should be encouraged
between related funds, programmes and agencies, in particular with respect to
humanitarian assistance.   

237. The continuing process of assessments of the Funds and Programmes' roles
and profiles needs to be supported and encouraged with the view of improving
the quality and impact of the United Nations operational activities.  The
efficiency and effectiveness of the Funds and Programmes should be further
improved to achieve greater relevance and coherence by adopting improved
working methods and adjusting the various mission statements of respective
organizations in accordance with changing requirements.  The guidelines for
programming, formulation, appraisal, implementation, monitoring, evaluation
and administration of operational activities should be simplified and
harmonized to facilitate the integration of development assistance with
national programmes. The desirability of merging certain administrative
functions of UNDP, UNICEF and UNFPA including at the field level should be
explored.   The question of integrating and consolidating the activities of
individual organs, bodies, and programmes in order to avoid overlap of tasks
and to ensure the clear establishment of priorities should be further examined
by the Council.  

238. Operational activities should be country-driven, carried out for the
benefit of developing countries at their request and in accordance with their
own policies and priorities. Increased emphasis on the quality of field level
performance is therefore important.  The Resident Coordinator for the
Operational Activities of the UN system must therefore be strengthened to
respond effectively to the changing requirements of developing countries,
including through the more effective use of the country strategy note as a
common framework for country programmes of the organizations of the UN system,
as well as by  ensuring in all countries a more coherent response by the
system to the national plans and priorities of the recipient government.  The
resident coordinator system, in full consultation with the governments, should
facilitate a coherent, effective and coordinated United Nations implementation
of policies adopted by the General Assembly and the Economic and Social
Council and follow-up to major international conferences at the field level.

239. [deleted, see para 236]

           Specialized Agencies

240. Specialized agencies play a vital role in furthering the analytical work
of relevance to the implementation of various aspects of the global consensus
on international economic cooperation, and in promoting and securing the
international cooperation needed.  The functioning and mandates of these
agencies, including the Bretton Woods institutions, should be assessed in
order to take the necessary steps to sharpen their priorities and adjust their
activities accordingly.    Agencies should build their potential as centres of
excellence in their respective fields, and be encouraged to enhance their
normative and technical functions, rather than focus primarily on aid
management.  Mechanisms should be elaborated to enable ECOSOC, within its
mandate, to provide guidance to specialized agencies, to transmit
institutional priorities and recommend institutional adjustments in order to
ensure coherence and complementarity of efforts of all bodies, including the
funds and programmes.

241. The purpose and functions of specialized agencies as well as the clear
definition of their respective roles and tasks need to be periodically
examined in the governing bodies to ensure that their activities, priorities
and basic programmes remain relevant to the preoccupations of the
international community and with a clear focus on the eradication of poverty. 
Further efforts are also called for to enhance the transparency of the
operations of the agencies.  Cooperation and coordination with the specialized
agencies on themes of common interest need to be strengthened.  At the
intergovernmental level, ECOSOC has special responsibilities which it should
fully exercise in accordance with article 63 of the Charter.  At the
Secretariat level, the relation of the Secretary-General with the Agencies is
crucial and needs to be further enhanced.


242. The Bureau of the Council should play an active role by meeting
regularly, especially between sessions.  The Bureau should assist the Council
in identifying economic, social and related issues for international
cooperation, maintain close contacts with the bureaux of the functional
commissions and other subsidiary bodies as well as with those of the
specialized agencies and the executive boards of the funds and programmes and
thus allow for a better interaction between ECOSOC and these bodies and
contribute by assisting ECOSOC to better fulfil its role.

     - UNCTAD [the contents of this section depends on the outcome of UNCTAD

242bis UNCTAD plays an important role in providing the General Assembly,
through ECOSOC, with the substantive inputs it needs to undertake analytical
and policy-oriented work on development issues.  Consequently UNCTAD has an
important role to play in the implementation of the Agenda for Development. 

          - Secretariat

243. The effectiveness of the United Nations in the economic, social and
related fields is closely related to the transparency, accountability, and
efficient functioning of the Secretariat.  Although progress has been
achieved, further reform of the Secretariat should be considered to enhance
the role of the United Nations in development.  The structure and functioning
of departments in the economic, social and related fields should be further
reviewed in order to improve coherence, coordination and complementarity
within the Secretariat in support of development.  To this end the creation of
the post of Deputy Secretary-General for International Cooperation and
Development should be considered.

          - Reporting

244.  Reports to intergovernmental bodies should be limited in numbers,
concise and action-oriented.  They should highlight critical areas requiring
action by intergovernmental bodies and, where appropriate, make specific
recommendations.  Greater use could be made of the practice of tasks managers,
whereby a given agency is responsible for coordinating the response of the
entire UN system on a subject.  Efforts should be made to rationalize and
simplify reporting procedures and, where possible, consolidate reports
requested by Governments, thereby avoiding duplication to the maximum extent
possible.  Specific measures to achieve these goals should be adopted.

          - Interagency coordination

245. Better inter-agency coordination within the UN system is essential to
support the goals of the Agenda for Development.  This includes coordination
and cooperation on themes of common interest and identification of respective
strengths and weaknesses in order to ensure a more effective and efficient
role of the United Nations system while taking into account respective
mandates.  This requires making better use of a strengthened Administrative
Committee on Coordination.  ACC should bring system wide coordination issues
to the attention of ECOSOC and make recommendations thereon.  Further efforts
should be made to enhance the role of ACC and its standing committees to
ensure that the United Nations system operates in a coherent, coordinated and
complementary manner.  A systematic exchange of information and an appropriate
distribution of tasks should be ensured within the ACC machinery and with any
specific inter-agency mechanism, including ad hoc inter-agency thematic task
forces set up in the context of the follow-up to individual conferences.  Full
information of the Member States on the work of ACC should be made available
and a wider distribution of the report of the ACC should be pursued.  

     - Non-state actors

245bis The existing mechanisms for the involvement and participation of non-
state actors in United Nations activities should be fully utilised and
improved.  The contribution of transnational corporations to intergovernmental
discussions and their involvement in United Nations activities should be
strengthened in view of their major role in stimulating innovation and
entrepreneurship worldwide as well as within domestic economies.

245ter The possibility of periodic informal meetings on specific topics
between appropriate UN bodies, especially ECOSOC, and the private sector,
parliamentarians, the academic community and NGOs could be explored.  The
Secretary-General should be invited to make proposals to this end.

     4.   Interaction between the United Nations and other multilateral
          development institutions, including the Bretton Woods institutions
          and the WTO

246. The United Nations, the Bretton Woods institutions, other parts of the
UN system, as well as the regional development banks and the WTO should
strengthen their interaction, cooperation and coordination in order that they
can build on and benefit more from their respective strengths.  Existing
working relations between the UN and other international organizations should
also be strengthened through, inter alia, the sharing of information on their
work in specific areas of common interest.

247. Enhancing the interaction between the United Nations, the Bretton Woods
institutions and the World Trade Organization at the global, regional,
subregional, national and sectoral levels is particularly important for
international cooperation to respond effectively to the growing interaction
between trade, money, finance and development.  UNCTAD and the WTO should
further enhance their working relationship, mutual cooperation and

248. The importance of strengthening the relationship between the United
Nations and the Bretton Woods institutions has been repeatedly recognized by
the General Assembly and the Economic and Social Council.  The interaction
between the United Nations and the Bretton Woods institutions should be
further enhanced by honouring the relationship agreements with these
institutions while respecting their mandates.

249. [deleted: see para 246]

250. One means of increasing the interaction between the United Nations, the
Bretton Woods institutions, and the regional development banks is by deepening
their connections with each other in a more systematic way.  Consideration
should be given to strengthening existing  as well as establishing new
mechanisms, as needed, for cooperation and coordination at the
intergovernmental, country and Secretariat levels.

251. [deleted see paras 252 and 170]

252. At the intergovernmental level the United Nations and the Bretton-Woods
institutions should identify, through constructive dialogue, areas for joint
efforts to reach the goals and objectives crucial to development.  The
respective memberships of the United Nations and the Bretton Woods
institutions should work together to ensure that sustained economic growth and
sustainable development are central goals of their policies and programmes. 
This will also require increased interaction by the secretariats of the UN
system, including the funds and programmes and specialized agencies, and the
Bretton Woods institutions and regional development banks.

253. Closer relationships should be developed in particular between the
General Assembly and ECOSOC on the one hand, and the IMF Interim Committee and
the joint World Bank/IMF Development Committee on the other, with a view to
achieving maximum complementarity.  There should also be a more active
participation of the Bretton Woods institutions in the work of the
Organization and its relevant bodies and vice versa.

254. The interaction between the United Nations and the Bretton Woods
institutions must not only be at the headquarters but also at field level. 
The United Nations and the Bretton Woods institutions could cooperate more
closely in the areas of capacity building and field operations, particularly
for projects and programmes requiring decentralized implementation.  Closer
links could be developed between the country strategy note and the policy
framework papers of the Bretton Woods institutions if the country in question
so decides.  In channelling financial and technical assistance through
multilateral development finance institutions, donor countries are encouraged
to take into account the respective roles and functions of the United Nations
programmes and funds and the Bretton Woods institutions so as to ensure
coherence of development assistance and minimal overlap and duplication among

255. NO AMENDMENTS In post-emergency situations, the United Nations and the
Bretton Woods institutions must support the transition from emergency to
rehabilitation, reconstruction and long-term development.  To this end, new
coordination procedures between the United Nations and the Bretton Woods
institutions should be developed.
256. At the Secretariat level improved arrangements for consultations,
including making better use of the United Nations' Administrative Committee on
Coordination as well as rationalized analysis and reporting functions, should
be explored.  The Secretary-General is requested to examine in consultation
with the Executive Heads of the Bretton Woods Institutions and the WTO ways
and means of intensifying interaction and cooperation between the United
Nations, the Bretton Woods institutions and the WTO at all levels.  Joint
meetings between the Secretary General, the Executive Heads of the United
Nations funds and programmes, and of the Bretton Woods institutions and other
relevant organizations on selected themes should be encouraged, in order to
achieve a greater coherence and complementarity in their activities. 
Increased cooperation and transparency for collecting and dissemination of
data, analyses, economic projections as well as the possible preparation of
joint reports should also be considered.

257. Notwithstanding these calls for greater interaction, it should be
recognized that close relationships already exist between the United Nations
and the Bretton Woods institutions.  Cooperation between the United Nations
entities and the World Bank in relation to aid coordination, project execution
and task forces on substantive subjects is of long standing.  Innovative
approaches to cooperation, such as the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and
the Special Initiative for Africa should be built upon.  The GEF provides a
promising example of cooperation between the United Nations and the Bretton
Woods institutions in jointly tackling environmental problems.  Such a form of
cooperation, could be considered and adjusted to specific tasks in other areas
of common concern.

     5. Follow-up and implementation

257bis [former para 260] A strong political commitment by the international
community is needed to implement a strengthened international cooperation for
development as reflected in this Agenda.  

257ter [based on former paras 261 and 262] The intergovernmental follow-up of
the Agenda for Development shall be undertaken by the General Assembly as the
highest intergovernmental mechanism and the principal policy-making and
appraisal organ of the United Nations system.  The General Assembly has called
for the renewal of the dialogue on strengthening international cooperation for
development through partnership.  Such dialogue should serve as an important
mechanism through which the intergovernmental follow-up and assessment of this
Agenda and its implementation will be conducted.  The ECOSOC, within its
mandate, shall assist the General Assembly in overseeing system-wide
implementation of the Agenda and by providing recommendations in this regard. 
At the same time, governments as well as regional economic integration
organizations have an important role in the follow-up of the Agenda.

258. Closely related to the follow-up and implementation of this Agenda is
the urgent need for an integrated, interrelated and coherent implementation
and follow up at the national, subregional, regional and international level
of the recommendations and commitments of recent UN major conferences and
agreements on development.  While governments have the primary responsibility
for the implementation of the declarations and programmes of action adopted by
international conferences, the international community, in particular the
United Nations system, including the Bretton Woods institutions as well as the
regional development banks, has an important role in contributing to,
assisting in, facilitating and reviewing the progress of the implementation of
the results of those conferences at all levels and in further promoting their
goals and objectives.  Compiling these commitments, recommendations, and
agreements, estimating their costs, ordering and sequencing their
implementation, and proposing schedules for putting them into effect would
greatly contribute to this task.

259. Within the United Nations system, the Economic and Social Council
promotes a coordinated and integrated follow-up to and implementation of major
international conferences.  ECOSOC should continue to improve the ways in
which it draws together in a coherent way the outcomes of the major
conferences and summits, so as to ensure that they guide the activities of the
United Nations system.

260. [see para 257bis]

261. [see para 257ter]

262. [see para 257ter]

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Date last updated: 24 March 2000 by esa@un.org
Copyright 1999 United Nations