Economic and Social Council
47th plenary meeting
31 July 1998
1998/46 Further measures for the restructuring and revitalization
of the United Nations in the economic, social and related fields
The Economic and Social Council,
Recalling General Assembly resolutions 50/227 of 24 May 1996 and 52/12 B of 19 December
1. Adopts the texts contained in annexes I, II and III to the present resolution;
2. Expresses its appreciation to the functional commissions for the interest they have
taken in reviewing their working methods and encourages them to continue to do so, taking
into account the suggestions and recommendations appearing in annex II to the present
resolution and to adopt practices best suited to their mandates, priorities and
3. Welcomes the reform measures undertaken by the regional commissions and encourages
them to continue to undertake, under the aegis of their respective intergovernmental
bodies, further measures to enhance their efficiency and effectiveness as presented in
annex III to the present resolution;
4. Decides to continue its deliberations on pending issues pursuant to the mandates
given to it, as contained in General Assembly resolutions 50/227 and 52/12 B;
5. Also decides to hold, at its resumed substantive session of 1998, elections for the
composition of the bodies as laid down in annex I to the present resolution, so that these
bodies are fully constituted from 1 January 1999, and requests its Bureau to work out
appropriate mechanism for the holding of the elections for this purpose;
6. Further decides to bring the present resolution to the attention of the General
Assembly in pursuance of paragraph 70 of annex I to Assembly resolution 50/227 and
paragraphs 9 and 10 of Assembly resolution 52/12 B.
Subsidiary bodies identified for restructuring and revitalization
Commission on Science and Technology for Development
1. The Commission on Science and Technology for Development shall remain a functional
commission of the Economic and Social Council, and shall continue to meet biennially for
2. The Commission is encouraged to sharpen the focus of its work, devoting particular
attention to the issues of transfer of technology and capacity-building, in particular of
the developing countries. In regard to technology transfer, examination of concrete
applications/activities is encouraged.
3. Effective coordination shall be established with all other functional commissions
and with the Economic and Social Council. The Commission should concentrate in particular
on working closely with the Commission on Sustainable Development and with the United
Nations Conference on Trade and Development/Trade and Development Board. Methods to be
employed to enhance these linkages should include the following:
(a) Closer communication should be established between the Bureaux of the Commission on
Science and Technology for Development and the Commission on Sustainable Development as
well as with other Bureaux of the functional commissions, as appropriate;
(b) Regular communication should take place between the secretariats/offices servicing
the Commission on Science and Technology for Development, the Commission on Sustainable
Development and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development/Trade and
(c) The outcome of the meetings of the Commission on Science and Technology for
Development should continue to be made available to the States Members of the United
Nations, including through briefings to delegations in Geneva and New York by the Bureau
and secretariat of the Commission;
(d) The outcome of the meetings of the Commission on Science and Technology for
Development should be shared for information purposes with all relevant functional
commissions and other relevant United Nations bodies.
4. The coordination between the Commission on Science and Technology for Development
and other relevant United Nations bodies, including the regional commissions, should be
improved and made more effective.
5. The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development shall continue to serve as
the secretariat of the Commission on Science and Technology for Development. The
Commission should make maximum use of the expertise that the secretariat of the Conference
can offer, while also drawing, as appropriate, on expertise from elsewhere in the United
Nations system, including the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the Secretariat
and relevant specialized agencies.
6. The membership of the Commission is to be reduced from fifty-three to thirty-three
with the following geographical distribution: eight members from African States; seven
members from Asian States; six members from Latin American and Caribbean States; four
members from Eastern European States; and eight members from Western European and other
States. The term of office is to be four years.
Committee for Development Planning
7. The Committee for Development Planning shall be renamed the Committee for
Development Policy and shall continue to be a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social
8. It shall comprise twenty-four independent experts with a good mix of expertise, who
are to be drawn from the fields of economic development, social development and
environmental protection, in order to avoid the need to engage the assistance of
consultants and so as to reflect an adequate geographical and gender balance. Membership
should include those who are able to contribute on emerging issues and to the multilateral
process. The experts should be nominated by the Secretary-General, after consultation with
interested Governments, and approved by the Economic and Social Council. The term of
office is to be three years.
9. The Committee shall continue the triennial review of the status of least developed
countries, and shall meet on this issue once every three years.
10. The Economic and Social Council should decide on an appropriate work programme for
the Committee for Development Policy. In January/February of each year, the Council, at
the time of deciding the themes for its substantive session, should advise the Committee
about the theme(s) to be considered at the Committeežs annual session, not to exceed five
working days, to be held in April/May. The Committee will submit its report to the Council
at its substantive session in July. The report will also include the Committee's proposals
to the Council concerning its work programme for the following year, for consideration and
approval at the next organizational session of the Council in January/February.
11. The General Assembly, the Secretary-General and the subsidiary bodies of the
Economic and Social Council can also propose, through the Council, issues for
consideration by the Committee for Development Policy.
12. Dissemination of information on the Committeežs work should be improved,
including, inter alia, by establishing an Internet Web site and through a presentation by
its Bureau on the outcome of its deliberations.
13. In undertaking its responsibilities, the Committee on Development Policy should, in
addition to holding its formal meetings, explore the scope for effective preparations for
their deliberations via informal networking arrangements. The Secretariat should provide
assistance in this regard.
Committee on New and Renewable Sources of Energy and on Energy for Development
Committee on Natural Resources
14. The two Committees shall be merged into a single expert body to be named the
Committee on Energy and Natural Resources for Development which shall serve as a
subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council.
15. The Committee on Energy and Natural Resources for Development should comprise, with
due attention to geographical representation and gender balance, two sub-groups of twelve
experts nominated by Governments and approved by the Economic and Social Council. One
sub-group should deal with issues relating to energy, the other with issues relating to
water resources. The geographical distribution is to be as follows: six members from
African States; five members from Asian States; four members from Latin American and
Caribbean States; three members from Eastern European States; and six members from Western
European and other States. The term of office is to be four years.
16. The Committee on Energy and Natural Resources for Development shall meet biennially
for two weeks on the understanding that the days available should be divided evenly in a
flexible manner between the two sub-groups.
17. Upon the recommendation of both or either of the expert groups of the Committee on
Energy and Natural Resources for Development, the Economic and Social Council may decide
modalities for the establishment of ad hoc expert groups, when necessary, to consider
issues relating to minerals.
18. In addition, the General Assembly may invite the United Nations Industrial
Development Organization, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development and the
regional commissions to consider effective ways to address, within their respective
competences, relevant aspects of this issue.
19. In formulating its programme of work, to be presented to the Economic and Social
Council for consideration and decision, the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources for
Development should take into full account the multi-year programme of work of the
Commission on Sustainable Development, so as to ensure that its own work programme will be
structured in a manner that could enable it to contribute to the work of the Commission.
The Council, in considering and deciding on the work programme of the Committee, should
ensure the special relationship between the Committee and the Commission and a coherence
between their respective work programmes. For its part, the Commission is requested to
consider which aspects of its multi-year work programme the Committee can usefully
20. The Committee on Energy and Natural Resources for Development should maintain close
links with the United Nations Environment Programme, the United Nations Development
Programme, the United Nations Industrial Development Organization, the United Nations
Conference on Trade and Development, the regional commissions and the specialized
agencies, as appropriate.
Functional commissions of the Economic and Social Council with specific
responsibilities for the follow-up to the major United Nations conferences
1. The General Assembly in its resolutions 50/227 and 52/12 B mandated review by the
Economic and Social Council of the Councilžs functional commissions. 1/ In recent years,
the functional commissions have taken an interest in reviewing their own working methods
and should continue to do so, benefiting from the experience gained. Each commission
should be encouraged to adopt practices best suited to its mandate and responsibilities.
In this respect, the following general suggestions and recommendations are provided by the
Council to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the functional commissions.
2. Bearing in mind the interlinkages of issues and their cross-cutting nature, there is
a need for the functional commissions to strengthen their coordination, while paying
careful attention to the mandates and terms of reference of each commission. The Economic
and Social Council has to play a key role in this process. In this context, adoption of
multi-year thematic programme for the functional commissions responsible for follow-up to
the major conferences can be helpful.
3. For those functional commissions that have more than one theme for discussion,
sufficient time should be allocated for each of the priority themes so as to enable Member
States to have focused and in-depth discussions, bearing in mind the interlinkages between
the priority themes.
4. Inter-sessional meetings can help to focus a commission's work by identifying key
elements to be discussed and important problems to be addressed within a specific item
pertaining to that work. These meetings should contribute to the preparations for the
meeting of a functional commission, but should not be a substitute for intergovernmental
debates in the context of the meeting of the commission itself.
5. Meetings hosted and funded by Governments can also provide useful inputs to the work
of functional commissions, in relation to their respective work programmes.
6. The work of the commission should be organized in such a way as to enable agenda
items that may lead to negotiated outcomes to be introduced early, so that there is
sufficient time for informal consultation on the outcomes.
7. To avoid duplication or overlap, functional commissions may also be encouraged to
request through the Economic and Social Council, as appropriate, that another functional
commission be charged to look into an issue under consideration by the commission making
the request, without overloading the other commission's work programme. Functional
commissions may be encouraged to request through the Council, as appropriate, additional
inputs from other functional commissions on issues of interest to the commission making
8. Functional commissions should make better use of panels of experts which should have
balanced representation so as to facilitate consideration of substantive issues. As far as
possible, synopses of statements that panellists propose to make should be circulated to
Member States sufficiently in advance to facilitate a well-prepared dialogue. Care should
be taken to ensure that panel members focus their presentations on the agenda item(s)
under discussion, and not on a related subject, so that adequate time is available for
dialogue. Bureaux should ensure that the time allocated to the intergovernmental debate is
9. Functional commissions should also explore ways to exchange national experiences and
best practices in the implementation of effective conference follow-up, including through
voluntary national presentations of country experiences and interactive dialogues. The
dialogues should focus in particular on lessons learned from national-level conference
follow-up. It is also necessary that the Secretariat provide Member States with the
highlights of such best practices and lessons learned.
10. Bearing in mind the importance of the general debate in providing useful input for
the themes under discussion, the functional commissions should ensure that the debate is
focused, adds value and contributes to action-oriented outcomes of the session.
11. Functional commissions must ensure that they add value to the process of
implementing the programmes of action adopted by the major global conferences. The
commissions should therefore focus on:
(a) Deliberating on the progress achieved and constraints faced as well as
action-oriented recommendations on the conference outcomes at the national and
(b) Fostering the exchange of local, national and regional experiences on implementing
(c) Reviewing progress achieved at the national and international levels on specific
issues under their multi-year work programmes through appropriate reporting systems, so as
to draw attention to common experiences, successful approaches and areas of particular
difficulty, and to identify new and emerging issues that require priority attention;
(d) Producing clear, concise and action-oriented outcomes of their deliberations.
12. The voluntary submission of national information, including, for example,
information in the form of periodic communications or national reports by Governments,
represents a valuable contribution to the follow-up to and review of the implementation of
the recommendations of relevant conferences. The Economic and Social Council should
reiterate its request to the Secretary-General to prepare a standardized and simplified
format, which could be used by Governments in preparing information on a single subject or
on clusters of subjects.
13. Functional commissions should mainstream a gender perspective in their work by
fully implementing agreed conclusions 1997/2 of the Economic and Social Council, 2/ in
particular the sixteenth paragraph thereof.
Role of the Bureau
14. The Bureau plays a crucial role in the successful outcome of, and in facilitating
the preparation for, the meeting. The incoming Bureau should preferably be elected
immediately after the conclusion of the previous session of the commission, as
appropriate. Therefore, early designation by regional groups of their candidatures,
especially for the position of Chairman, is important.
15. Inter-sessional meetings of the Bureau are very useful and important in preparing
for the upcoming session. Regular and informal open-ended briefings by the Bureau, in
conjunction with the Secretariat and the Member States, on the preparation for the
session, need to be further encouraged. In order to enable the Bureau to carry out its
functions effectively, consideration should be given to providing appropriate financial
support, through extrabudgetary contributions, to members of the Bureau, particularly from
the developing countries, so as to enable them to participate in the meetings of the
Bureau, in inter-sessional meetings of the commission and in the sessions of the
16. The Bureaux of the functional commissions, along with the Bureau of the Economic
and Social Council, are encouraged to enhance coordination, in particular through regular
meetings whenever necessary. In addition to meetings, Bureaux should explore the scope for
coordination via informal networking arrangements. The Secretariat should provide
assistance in this regard.
17. The Bureaux of the functional commissions should conduct transparent and open-ended
consultations with Member States, with a view to seeking guidance from, and ensuring
greater involvement of, Member States in the preparatory work of the sessions of the
18. The participation of officials from capitals responsible for the specific follow-up
to United Nations conferences, as well as experts, should be encouraged. High-level
participation is desirable and will be facilitated by enhancing the quality of
deliberations in the functional commissions.
19. Participation of other relevant entities of the United Nations system, including
the Bretton Woods institutions and other specialized agencies, should be encouraged, where
20. Functional commissions entrusted with conference follow-up have benefited from the
breadth of expertise of non- governmental organizations and the capacity of those
organizations to support the work of the United Nations. Bearing in mind Economic and
Social Council resolution 1996/31 of 25 July 1996, functional commissions should take into
account in their deliberations the full diversity of the views of non-governmental
organizations at the national, regional and international levels. Efforts should be made
to facilitate the balanced participation of non-governmental organizations from developed
and developing countries.
21. Reports should be concise, coherent and analytical in order to facilitate a focused
discussion and a productive outcome.
22. Reports should contain clear and action-oriented recommendations, which would
enhance effective implementation of the outcomes of the United Nations conferences.
23. The availability of reports through electronic format, though desirable, should not
substitute for hard-copy reports which must be made available in a timely manner in all
official United Nations languages, in accordance with General Assembly resolution 52/214 B
of 22 December 1997.
24. In the preparatory process, the convening of workshops, seminars, round tables and
panel of experts focusing on the priority themes may provide many useful ideas in the
preparation of documentation and therefore should be given appropriate consideration. In
this context, it is important that efforts should be made to facilitate the participation
of experts from developing countries in such forums. Consultations with other relevant
actors, including non-State actors, when possible and as appropriate, can be useful in the
preparation of reports.
25. In the preparation of reports by the Secretariat for the General Assembly, the
Economic and Social Council and the Council's subsidiary bodies, the Secretary-General
should continue to make use, when appropriate, of the practice of designating task
managers, so that a particular United Nations agency would be responsible for coordinating
the response of the entire United Nations system on a given subject, including the
formulation of recommendations for future action. All relevant bodies in the United
Nations system should be involved in the preparatory process, as appropriate. Where
necessary, task forces, reporting to an assigned manager, should be established to
facilitate coordination of inputs.
26. An early exchange of views by/with the Secretariat and Member States on the
preparation of reports can be helpful in strengthening their content. The Bureau should
monitor timely preparation.
27. To allow more time for the Member States to interact with each other, the
introduction of the reports by the Secretariat should be kept to the minimum length
necessary and, whenever possible, a group of related documents should be introduced
28. Recommendations in the reports should focus on steps taken and measures required to
enhance the full implementation of conference outcomes at the national and international
levels, and clearly identify those actions that are required for a coordinated United
Nations system-wide response. In preparing such reports, the Secretariat should draw on
the experiences gained by Member States in their national implementation of follow-up to
conferences, bearing in mind that the reporting on national implementation of conference
outcomes is the responsibility of Governments. In this regard, support provided by the
international community should also be included. The Secretariat should also draw on the
experience gained by the United Nations system in assisting implementation at the field
level, including through the resident coordinator system. Input from the resident
coordinator system should be prepared in full consultation with the national Government.
29. The Secretariat is requested to present issues and approaches in a gender-sensitive
manner when preparing reports so as to provide the intergovernmental machinery with an
analytical basis for gender-responsive policy formulation and to ensure that the
intergovernmental machinery is made aware of the decisions and recommendations of the
relevant bodies in relation to gender mainstreaming.
30. Functional commissions, at the conclusion of each session, should consider and
decide, upon recommendation of their Bureaux, whether their outputs might be relevant to
the work of other functional commissions and, if so, request the Bureau of the Economic
and Social Council to arrange for this material to be brought to the attention of the
other commissions in a timely manner. Functional commissions could also consider whether
the reports of other functional commissions are relevant to their work and, if so, request
the Bureau of the Council to arrange for this material to be made available to them.
31. The format of the outcomes of the meetings will vary from one functional commission
to another, but the outcome should be focused and concise, should contain concrete
recommendations and actions, based on intergovernmental deliberations and negotiations,
and should not be intended as a redefinition of the already agreed documents of the major
32. The Secretariat should produce a consolidated report for the consideration of the
Economic and Social Council that looks at linkages between the functional commissions.
This report should highlight the key points on which the Council needs to consider taking
33. The Economic and Social Council should, for its part, ensure that it reviews the
above-mentioned recommendations, concentrating in particular on horizontal or
cross-cutting issues, with a view in particular to ensuring consistency between
recommendations presented by different functional commissions. Within the agreed outputs,
the functional commissions should clearly identify any recommendations that have
coordination, programmatic or budgetary implications for the United Nations.
34. The Member States should be given ample time to negotiate the outcome of the
35. While recognizing the right of any Member State to introduce draft resolutions or
decisions that it deems necessary, functional commissions should be encouraged to utilize
agreed outputs that serve to integrate the particular sectoral concerns that may arise
within the overall framework of the follow-up to a global conference, as appropriate.
Relations with the Economic and Social Council
36. The Economic and Social Council should focus on improving the effectiveness of the
functional commissions, including their role as instruments for conference follow-up,
through better working methods and harmonization of their multi- year work programmes. The
Council should monitor on a yearly basis the steps taken by functional commissions in
response to Council recommendations on the harmonization of work programmes. The Council
should also monitor annually the way in which its functional commissions mainstream a
gender perspective on the basis of the report on the follow-up to the Fourth World
Conference on Women.
37. The Economic and Social Council should ensure that general discussion in the
functional commissions on cross-cutting issues common to major United Nations conferences
should be within their respective areas of competence and within their multi-year
programmes of work in order to foster the discussion of such issues by the Council and the
38. The Economic and Social Council needs to be fully informed of the coordinating work
of the Administrative Committee on Coordination so that it can ensure that the functional
commissions are aware in a timely manner of the work of the Committee related to the
follow-up to the major global conferences.
Interrelationship between functional commissions
39. As agreed in Economic and Social Council resolution 1997/61 of 25 July 1997,
cooperation among functional commissions should be supported and enhanced by the Bureau of
the Council with the assistance of the respective secretariats of the functional
Relations with the regional commissions and other relevant regional bodies
40. The regional commissions have been given specific mandates for the follow-up to the
major global conferences, and they have an important role to play in this regard.
41. Bearing in mind the important role of the regional commissions and other regional
bodies in implementing the outcome of the major global conferences, their contribution
should be reflected in the work of the functional commissions.
1. The General Assembly, in its resolutions 50/227 and 52/12 B, mandated a review by
the Economic and Social Council of the regional commissions. The commissions, in response
to Assembly resolution 50/227 and Council resolution 1996/41 of 26 July 1996, as well as
on their own initiatives, have carried out reforms with differences in content and scope,
in accordance with specificities of each region, aimed at achieving greater relevance,
efficiency and effectiveness.
2. The Economic and Social Council welcomes the reform measures undertaken by the
commissions and encourages them to continue to undertake, as appropriate, under the aegis
of their respective intergovernmental bodies, further measures in this regard.
3. The Economic and Social Council recognizes that each regional commission operates in
a different economic and institutional environment and that regional commissions should
therefore continue to respond to regional needs as reflected in the priorities set by
members of the respective commissions.
4. Bearing this in mind, as well as the role of the regional commissions within the
United Nations system in their respective regions as mandated in section IV of the annex
to General Assembly resolution 32/197 of 20 December 1977, the following guidance is
provided by the Economic and Social Council with respect to improving the commissionsž
contributions and relevance in the reform process of the United Nations, in accordance
with the mandates and priorities of each of the commissions.
The regional commissions as regional outposts of the United Nations
5. According to regional needs and circumstances, the regional commissions fulfil
norm-setting, dissemination and analytical functions as well as undertake operational
activities that are complementary and mutually reinforcing. The regional commissions
provide an important forum for articulating regional perspectives on global issues, and
for building consensus within their respective regions. This capacity should be utilized
more fully by United Nations bodies, funds and programmes, as appropriate.
6. Linking the activities of the regional commissions more effectively with the overall
activities of the United Nations in the economic and social sectors should be pursued
vigorously. The active involvement and participation of the Executive Secretaries of the
commissions, or their representatives, in the Executive Committee on Economic and Social
Affairs and the United Nations Development Group should be effectively ensured.
7. The undertaking of joint exercises in accordance with their respective mandates and
priorities should be encouraged between each of the secretariats of the commissions, the
Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the Secretariat and the United Nations
Conference on Trade and Development secretariat on the basis of memoranda/letters of
understanding and should be reflected in their respective programmes of work.
8. An important role has been given to the regional commissions in the preparations for
and follow-up to major United Nations conferences in accordance with their respective
mandates and priorities. The Economic and Social Council should provide overall guidance
for the work of the regional commissions in this area, bearing in mind the need for a
9. The Economic and Social Council welcomes the ongoing exercises in some of the
regional commissions on priority-setting, and encourages the other regional commissions to
carry out similar activities. The involvement of Governments in this process should help
the commissions achieve greater effectiveness and efficiency.
10. Improving coordination of the activities of the regional commissions and various
United Nations entities operating at the regional level, in particular the United Nations
Development Programme, within their respective mandates and priorities, is particularly
important. This should be further addressed through the following concrete measures:
(a) Reactivation of the United Nations Development Programme/regional commissions task
force for the purpose of addressing, more effectively, issues of common concern;
(b) Closer consultation of the regional commissions by the United Nations Development
Programme during the programming stages of its regional activities, with the Programme
considering the commissions to be partners in the undertaking of those activities. The
secretariats of the regional commissions should make available to the relevant offices of
the Programme, in particular the regional bureaux, their respective programmes of work.
11. The potential for active involvement of the regional commissions in the United
Nations Development Assistance Framework should be reviewed in the ongoing pilot phase of
The regional commissions as part of their respective regional institutional landscape
12. The role of the regional commissions as part of the institutional landscape of
their respective regions calls for close cooperation between the commissions and other
relevant regional bodies in order to reinforce synergies and complementarities between
their respective programmes of work. The regional commissions are encouraged to intensify
their cooperation and regular exchange of information, as determined by their respective
intergovernmental bodies, with relevant regional bodies, institutions and networks. When
holding meetings with their respective regional bodies and institutions, the regional
commissions should ensure that such meetings concentrate on specific issues for which a
regional coordinated approach is desirable and reflect the mandates and priorities of the
13. The team leadership role of the regional commissions calls for their holding
regular inter-agency meetings in each region with a view to improving coordination among
the work programmes of the organizations of the United Nations system in that region. In
this respect, the Economic and Social Council welcomes the efforts by the
Secretary-General to improve coordination within the United Nations system, including his
proposal of yearly meetings, to be chaired by the Deputy Secretary-General in each
geographical area, among the relevant entities of the United Nations system engaged in
regional and intercountry activities. These meetings should be cost-effective and built up
on already existing coordination mechanisms and should focus on specific issues requiring
coordination at the regional level. The outcome of these meetings should be reported to
the Council through the respective intergovernmental bodies of the regional commissions,
as appropriate. In this regard, the Council encourages the Secretary-General to take into
account these measures in his report under the agenda item on regional cooperation in
Role of the Economic and Social Council
14. The Economic and Social Council should encourage the regular exchange of
information, as appropriate, between the bureaux of the regional commissions and its own
Bureau. Whenever possible, the participation of the chairpersons of the regional
commissions in the relevant deliberations of the Council should be welcomed. The Council
should also encourage the participation of the Executive Secretaries, when feasible, in
its high-level debates and should further encourage inputs from the regional commissions
in its substantive consideration of global issues with a regional dimension, including
through the utilization of the Regional Commissions New York Office. Regular briefings of
the Council by the Executive Secretaries should be organized during the meetings of the
Executive Committee on Economic and Social Affairs and the United Nations Development
Group. The Council should also encourage better two-way flow of information on activities
of the regional commissions, including through simultaneous launching of the economic and
social surveys, in New York and at the seats of the regional commissions.
15. The Economic and Social Council should also encourage regular interaction between
the regional commissions in order for them to share each otheržs best practices,
experiences and concrete achievements. The Council should also encourage interregional
cooperation involving two or more regional commissions, as well as the United Nations
Development Programme, when appropriate.
16. The Economic and Social Council should promote greater cooperation between the
regional commissions and its functional commissions through regular exchange of
information supported by their respective secretariats, as appropriate.
17. The Economic and Social Council should maintain its oversight and coordination role
to ensure that decisions taken by the intergovernmental bodies of the regional commissions
and the United Nations funds and programmes are complementary and mutually supportive.
18. The Economic and Social Council should encourage the exchange of information and
cooperation between the regional commissions and the Bretton Woods institutions and the
World Trade Organization on issues of common interest.
1/ The functional commissions of the Economic and Social Council entrusted with the
follow-up to major United Nations conferences are the Commission on Sustainable
Development, the Commission on Human Rights, the Commission for Social Development, the
Commission on the Status of Women, the Commission on Population and Development, and the
Commission on Human Settlements. Although the Commission on Human Settlements is a
standing committee, the collective term "functional commissions" is used
throughout the present annex.
2/ See A/52/3, chap. IV, sect. A, para. 4.
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