Economic and Social Council
3 May 1996
Resumed organizational session for 1996
2 and 3 May 1996
Agenda item 8*
* E/1996/2 and Add.1 and 2.
ELECTIONS, NOMINATIONS AND CONFIRMATIONS
Election of members of the International Narcotics Control Board
under the provisions of article 9, paragraph 1 (b), of the
Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961, as amended
by the 1972 Protocol
Note by the Secretary-General
Election of five members from candidates nominated by Goverments
1. The Secretary-General informed the Economic and Social Council, at
its organizational session for 1996, of the conditions under which the
forthcoming election of members to the International Narcotics Control
Board would be held. The present note contains information on
candidates nominated by Governments. Information on candidates
nominated by the World Health Organization is contained in document
2. In accordance with established procedure, the Secretary-General,
in a note dated 7 August 1995 (NAR/CL.18/1995), invited States Members
of the United Nations and those States parties to the Single
Convention on Narcotic Drugs of 1961 as amended by the 1972
Protocol 1/ which were not members of the United Nations to propose
candidates with a view to filling the five posts which would become
vacant on 1 March 1997 on the expiration of the term of office of five
members of the International Narcotics Control Board who had
originally been nominated by Governments. The five posts are
currently occupied by Dil Jan Khan (Pakistan), Gottfried Machata
(Austria), Bunsom Martin (Thailand), Herbert S. Okun (United States)
and Manuel Quijano (Mexico).
3. As at 3 May 1996, 28 candidates had been proposed by Governments.
The names of the 28 candidates for whom biographical information has
been submitted are given below in alphabetical order.
Name Nominating Government
ABDEL-RAHMAN, Ammar Osman Sudan
ABDUL-RAZZAQ, Jassim A. Iraq
CHAKRABARTY, C. India
CHAUDHURY, Faizur Rahman Bangladesh
COULIBALY, Sinaly Mali
DABEE, Dheerendra Kumar Mauritius
DAYAL, Jayeshwur Raj Mauritius
DIARRA, M'Pe're` Mali
DORE, Glenys New Zealand
DRAGAN, Jenica Romania
FRANQUET, Jacques France
GO'MEZ ME'NDEZ, Alfonso Colombia
HAKIM, Souheila Syrian Arab Republic
HUQ, M. Enamul Bangladesh
IRSAN, Koesparmono Indonesia
KHAN, Dil Jan Pakistan
LAZAROV, Philip Bulgaria
LOTTER Gabriel South Africa
MACHATA, Gottfried Austria
MARTIN, Bunsom Thailand
MOTOHASHI, Nobuo Japan
NORMAH, Haji Naim Malaysia
OKUN, Herbert S. United States of America
PEREIRA DE CASTILHO NETO, Arthur Brazil
RANDRIANAME, Maurice Madagascar
ROIBU, Ion Romania
SCICLUNA, David Malta
SKRLJ, Milan Slovenia
4. The biographical information which Governments transmitted with
their communications proposing the candidates is contained in annex I.
Information on meetings of the Board in 1995, on payments to members
and on present membership is contained in annex II.
5. The Secretary-General has also received the nomination of Darko
Maver from the Ministry of Interior of Slovenia. When confirmation of
his nomination through official channels has been received, it will be
brought to the attention of the Council.
1/ United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 976, No. 14152.
BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION ON CANDIDATES FOR ELECTION TO THE
INTERNATIONAL NARCOTICS CONTROL BOARD
Ammar Osman Abdel-Rahman (Sudan)
Date of birth: 1953.
Education: Bachelor of Law, Cairo University, Khartoum (1984); course
in legal studies, Omdurman Islamic University; Higher Diploma in Law,
University of Khartoum (1989); human rights workshop, Human Rights
Institute, Strasbourg (1992).
Present post: Police officer holding the rank of Colonel, Drug Combat
Administration, Ministry of Interior of the Sudan.
Previous posts: Deputy Director, Narcotics Division, Khartoum;
lecturer on the subject of narcotics, Police College and Police
Publications: Author of various publications related to narcotics.
Membership: National Committee for the Combat of Narcotics.
Meetings attended: World Ministerial Conference on Organized
Transnational Crime, Naples (1994); Seminar on Narcotics Problems and
Solutions, National Assembly, Khartoum (1992); United Nations
Conference for the Adoption of a Convention against Illicit Traffic in
Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances (1988); Seminar on the
Dangers of Narcotics, Khartoum (1986).
Jassim A. Abdul-Razzaq (Iraq)
Date of birth: 1948.
Education: B.A. in Law; B.A. in English Lit.; B.A. in Media; M.Phil.
(Honours) in Social Policy, Cranfield, United Kingdom of Great Britain
and Northern Ireland.
Present post: Director of Police Research and Studies, Head of the
National Bureau of Narcotics.
Previous posts: Researcher.
Publications: Author of more than 25 papers and articles in the field
of social policy and crime prevention and detection.
C. Chakrabarty (India)
Date of birth: 1935.
Education: Bachelor of Arts (Honours) in History, Economics and
English Literature, Calcutta University; recipient of fellowships to
study drug law enforcement techniques in various cities in the United
States of America (1990) and in Australia, Hong Kong and Thailand
Present post: Director General (retired), Narcotics Control Bureau,
Government of India; resource person for training courses, workshops
and seminars for law enforcement officers, as well as voluntary
Previous posts: Leader of the Inter-Ministerial Task Force of the
Government of India for preparation of the Seven-Year National Master
Plan for Drug Abuse Control (1993-1994); Deputy Director General and
thereafter Director General, Narcotics Control Bureau, Ministry of
Finance (1988-1992); Deputy Director and thereafter Director in the
Directorate General of Security, Cabinet Secretariat (1984-1988);
Deputy Inspector General of Police, Orissa State Police headquarters
and Sambalpur Range (1979-1984); Deputy Secretary and thereafter
Director, Police Division, Ministry of Home Affairs (1973-1979).
Honours: Indian Police Medal for Meritorious Service on Independence
Day (1977); President's Police Medal for Distinguished Service on
Republic Day (1990).
Meetings attended: Leader of the delegation of India at bilateral
talks at the official level on drug smuggling, Nigeria (1989); leader
of the delegation of India, South Asian Association for Regional
Cooperation (SAARC) Conference of Legal Experts for drafting a
regional convention against illicit drug trafficking, Sri Lanka
(1990); member of the delegation of India to the General Assembly of
the International Criminal Police Organization (ICPO/Interpol),
Ottawa (1990), Punta del Este (1991) and Dakar (1992); member of the
delegation of India, Asian Pacific Regional Conference of
ICPO/Interpol, Canberra (1991); leader of the delegation of India at
bilateral talks at the official level on combating illicit drug
trafficking, Islamabad (1991); member of the delegation of India to
the Commission on Narcotic Drugs (1992).
Faizur Rahman Chaudhury (Bangladesh)
Date of birth: 1938.
Education: Bachelor of Arts (Honours); M.A.; Post-Graduate Course in
Public Administration, American University of Beirut.
Present post: Additional Secretary, Ministry of Home Affairs of
Previous posts: Joint Secretary, Economic Relations Division
(1989-1992); Director-General, N.G.O. Affairs Bureau (1992-1993).
Publications: IMF and Bangladesh, Dhaka.
Honours: Second highest Scouts Award of Bangladesh Scouts.
Meetings attended: International Conference on the Relationship
between Disarmament and Development, New York (1987).
Sinaly Coulibaly (Mali)
Date of birth: 1947.
Education: Degree in law, University of Leipzig, Germany (1973);
Certificate in diplomatic studies, Yaounde' (1975); Certificate,
National Institute of Industrial Property, Paris (1977).
Present post: Director of Political, Legal and Consular Affairs,
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Malian Citizens Abroad and African
Previous posts: Assistant Head of the Section of Disputed Claims,
Legal Division, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Mali (1974); Head of
the Section of Accords and Disputed Claims, Legal Division (1976);
Second Counsellor at the Embassy of Mali at Brussels (1977-1978);
First Counsellor at the Embassy of Mali at Beijing (1979) and at the
Embassy of Mali in Paris (1980-1982); Head of the Legal Division,
Ministry of Foreign Affairs (1983); Legal Adviser to the Minister of
Foreign Affairs (1983-1985); Secretary-General, Ministry of Foreign
Affairs and International Cooperation (1986-1989); Ambassador of Mali
in Algeria, Tunisia, Mauritania and Cyprus (1989-1992) and in
Honours: Silver Star with Bee Effigy, Mali (1981); Order of the
National Flag, Third Class, Democratic People's Republic of Korea.
Meetings attended: Seminar, International Law Commission, Geneva
(1976); General Conference of the Food and Agriculture Organization of
the United Nations (1981); Governing Council of the International Fund
for Agricultural Development, Rome (1982); member of the presidential
delegation to the meetings of the Non-Aggression and Defence
Assistance Agreement (1983-1985); member of the Malian delegation to
the International Court of Justice in the case of the border dispute
between Mali and Burkina Faso (1986); member of the government
delegation to the negotiations for the settlement of the North Mali
Conflict (1991-1992); ministerial session and summit meeting of the
Organization of African Unity (1994-1995); Conflict Prevention: An
African Perspective, Ottawa (1995).
Dheerendra Kumar Dabee (Mauritius)
Date of birth: 1956.
Education: Bachelor of Law (LLB Honours, Upper Second Class,
University of Birmingham, United Kingdom; Barrister-at-Law (Council of
Legal Education, United Kingdom and Member of Middle Temple);
Certificate of Attendance (2 months Legislative Drafting Course -
Royal Institute of Public Administration, United Kingdom.
Present post: Parliamentary Counsel (responsible for drafting of
Legislation comprised in Government's Legislative programme).
Previous posts: Crown Counsel (1982-1984); Senior Crown Counsel
(1985-1989); Principal Crown Counsel (1989-1994); Assistant Solicitor
Practical relevant experience: Assisted in drafting the Mauritian
Dangerous Drugs Act 1995 along the lines of the 1988 United Nations
Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic
Substances; also acted as prosecuting Counsel in several Court cases
against accused charged with drug trafficking offences; also
participated between 19 to 21 June 1989 in the Meeting of Senior
Officials from Law Ministries at which meeting one of the topics dealt
with was the relationship of the Mutual Assistance provisions of the
United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs
and Psychotropic Substances with the Commonwealth Scheme relating to
Mutual Assistance in criminal matters.
Jayeshwur Raj Dayal (Mauritius)
Date of birth: 1949.
Education: Higher School Certificate; Helicopter Training Course at
Heli-Union; International Helicopter Training School, France; Senior
Command Course, College of Combat, India; Defence Services Staff
College, Camberley, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern
Ireland; Counter Disaster Staff Training Course, Royal Military
College of Science, Shrivenham, Faculty of Military Science,
Technology and Management at Cranfield, Oxford, United Kingdom.
Present post: Commissioner of Police, Mauritius Police Force.
Previous posts: Commanding Officer, Special Mobile Force (1986-1994);
Deputy Commanding Officer, Special Mobile Force (1985-1986); Officer
holding various ranks, Special Mobile Force (1972-1974 and 1983-1985);
Pilot and Pilot-in-Command, Helicopter Section of the Police Force
Publications: Author of The Whys and Wherefores of the Military
Build-up in the Indian Ocean, New Policing Concepts to Combat Crime
and Rehabilitation of Drug Addicts in the Island State Context.
Honours: Various awards, including Police Good Conduct and Long
Service Medal (1989); Queen's Police Medal (1991); President's
Distinguished Service Medal (1994); Diamond Insignia from
Aerospatiale, France; Commander of the Order of the Star and Key
Membership: Fellow of the British Institute of Management; member of
the American Institute of Management Science; member of St. John
Council (Mauritius); member of the Society for the Prevention of
Alcoholism and Drug Addiction.
Meetings attended: Various seminars and conferences on International
Humanitarian Law, Committee of the Red Cross, Ansirabe, Madagascar
(1990), Nairobi (1991 and 1993), Harare (1994); World Conference on
Natural Disaster Reduction, Yokohama, Japan (1994).
M'Pe're` Diarra (Mali)
Date of birth: 1955.
Education: Legal Sciences, National School of Administration, Mali
(1975-1979); magistracy, National School of Magistracy, International
Section, France (1980-1981).
Present post: Technical adviser responsible for criminal matters and
monitoring of international human rights instruments, General
Secretariat, Ministry of Justice of Mali.
Previous posts: Judge at the Court of First Instance, Gao
(1981-1984); justice of the peace with extended competence at Bourem
(1984-1989) and at San (1989-1991); Deputy Attorney-General of the
Republic at the Court of First Instance at Se'gou (1991-1993) and at
the Court of First Instance at Bamako (1993-1994).
Meetings attended: Regional seminar on the technique of preparing and
presenting periodic reports on the implementation of international
legal instruments dealing with human rights, Abidjan (1994); seminar
on the judge and human rights, National School of Magistracy, Paris
(1994), Ninth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and
the Treatment of Offenders, Cairo (1995).
Glenys Dore (New Zealand)
Date of birth: 1959.
Education: MbChB, University of Otago (1983); Fellow, Royal
Australian New Zealand College of Psychiatrists (1991).
Present posts: Consultant Psychiatrist, Director of Postgraduate
Training, HealthCare Otago, Dunedin; Coordinator of Alcohol and Drug
Teaching, University of Otago, Medical School; Independent Medical
Reviewer, New Zealand Police Undercover Programme, National Bureau of
Previous posts: Medical Director, HealthCare Otago Alcohol and Drug
Services (1992-1994); Medical Director, HealthCare Otago Methadone
Programme (1991-1994); Registrar in Psychological Medicine, Alcohol
and Drug Services, Dunedin Hospital (1989-1991).
Publications: Co-author of "Alcohol and drug misuse and affective
disorders" (1995), "A case of dextropropoxyphene dependence treated
with methadone" (submitted), "Life without heroin: the New Zealand
approach to injecting drug use" (in preparation) and "The management
of opioid dependence in pregnancy" (in preparation).
Meetings attended: National Cannabis Conference, Wellington (1993);
National Methadone Conference, (1992-1994); Women and Drugs
Conference, Sydney (1994); Alcohol Treaters Conference, Alcohol
Advisory Council of New Zealand (1995); Australian meeting of
Coordinators of Alcohol and Drug Education in Medical Schools (1995).
Jenica Dragan (Romania)
Date of birth: 1949.
Education: Master, International Relations, Faculty of Law; Doctorate
Present posts: Director of the Firearms, Explosives, Toxic Substance
and Narcotic Drugs Directorate, General Police Inspectorate.
Previous posts: Head of Drugs Control Service; Head of Drugs Control,
Arms and Explosives Directorate.
Publications: Co-author of Encyclopaedic dictionary of drugs (1991)
and Drugs Control Police Manual (1993); author of Almost Everything
One Needs to Know about Drugs (1994), Essential Chemicals and
Precursors (1995) and Drugs in the life of the Romanian people (1995).
Honours: Merit Diploma conferred by the Romanian police.
Membership: Executive President of the Romanian Drugs Control
Meetings attended: First Meeting of Heads of National Drug Law
Enforcement Agencies, Europe, Moscow (1990); member of the Romanian
delegation to the Commission on Narcotic Drugs (1994-1995);
Twenty-third ICPO/Interpol European Regional Conference, Romania
(1994); Fifth International Meeting on the Traffic in Psychotropic
Substances, Precursors and Essential Chemicals, Lyons (1995).
Jacques Franquet (France)
Date of birth: 1941.
Education: Master of Law; diploma in criminology; diploma in
languages and civilization of the southern Slav world - Croatian.
Present posts: General Inspector of the National Police, reporting to
the General Director of the National Police; external consultant to
the United Nations International Drug Control Programme.
Previous posts: Central Director of the Judicial Police, National
Directorate for Criminal Police, Economic and Financial Police and
Technical and Scientific Police Services, Head of the National Central
Bureau, Interpol France (1993-1994); Director, Police International
Technical Cooperation Service (1990-1992); Head of the Anti-Terrorist
Coordination Unit, reporting to the General Director of the National
Police (1988-1989); Head of the National Central Office for Illicit
Drug-Traffic Control (1983-1989); Head of the Regional Judicial Police
Service, Ajaccio, Corsica (1981-1982); Head of the Economic and
Financial Section, Regional Judicial Police Service, Lyons
Publications: Author of a number of articles on narcotic drugs.
Honours: Officer of the Legion of Honour and the National Order of
Merit; Commander of the Luxembourg Order of Merit; seven other French
or foreign honours.
Meetings attended: Among others, International Criminal Police
Organization (ICPO/Interpol) meetings on narcotic drugs and sessions
of the ICPO/Interpol General Assembly; Trevi Group and Schengen
meetings, as leader of the French delegation in the working groups on
terrorism or narcotic drugs; meetings of the Heads of National Drug
Law Enforcement Agencies; meetings of the Drug Enforcement
Administration in the United States of America, the Star Group and the
France-United States-Canada-Italy Cooperation Group; member of the
French delegation to the Commission on Narcotic Drugs.
Alfonso Go'mez Me'ndez (Colombia)
Date of birth: 1949.
Present posts: Practising lawyer, university teacher.
Previous posts: Bogota circuit court judge for criminal actions
(1973-1975); member of the Chamber of Deputies (1986-1989);
Attorney-General of the Republic of Colombia (1989-1990); Colombian
Ambassador to Austria and to the United Nations (Vienna) (1991-1993);
judge, criminal division, Supreme Court of Justice (1984-1985 and
Publications: Author of Continuing Crime (1974) (in Spanish) and
Special Criminal Law: Offenses against the Public Administration
(1987) and of various articles in specialized criminal law journals.
Meetings attended: Member of the Colombian delegation to the
Commission on Narcotic Drugs (1991-1992)
Souheila Hakim (Syrian Arab Republic)
Date of birth: 1946.
Present post: Director, Pharmaceutical Affairs, Ministry of Health of
the Syrian Arab Republic, Damascus.
Previous posts: Technical Manager, Ministry of Defence (1975-1980);
Inspector, Central Board of Inspection and Control (1980-1993);
Technical Manager, Scientific Office (1973-1975).
Meetings attended: Drugs regulation, Tunisia (1993); ICDRA, The
Netherlands (1994); several medical and pharmaceutical conferences in
the Syrian Arab Republic (1993-1995).
M. Enamul Huq (Bangladesh)
Date of birth: 1938.
Education: Bachelor of Arts (Honours), Master, University of
Rajshagi; LLB, University of Dhaka; Diploma, International Police
Academy, Washington D.C.; Doctor in Criminal Justice Administration,
Western Pacific University, California.
Present posts: National Policy/Planning Consultant, United Nations
International Drug Control Programme, Dhaka; Director, Asia Crime
Prevention Foundation; Visiting Professor, Asia and Far East Institute
for the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders.
Previous posts: Member of the Executive Committee, International
Criminal Police Organization (ICPO/Interpol); Inspector General of
Police, Government of Bangladesh; Director-General, Department of
Narcotics Control, Bangladesh; Expert, Bangladesh Public Service
Commission; Project Director, World Health Organization, Bangladesh;
Director, External Assistance and Coordination, Prime Minister's
Publications: Author of Practical Handbook of Law, Organized Crime
and Law Enforcement, Drug Menace: Bangladesh Global Perspective, Drug
Awareness and Anti-Smoking, Problems of Drug Trafficking and Criminal
Honours: Interpol Medal; "Motorola" Merit Certificate presented by
the International Association of Chiefs of Police; Award presented by
the Asia Crime Prevention Foundation.
Meetings attended: Chairperson, Asia and Pacific Regional Drug
Seminar, Beijing; Chairperson, Finance, ICPO/Interpol General
Assembly, Ottawa; Chairperson, Drugs, ICPO/Interpol General Assembly,
Lyons; Guest Speaker, Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention
of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, Tokyo; Guest Speaker, Asia
Crime Prevention Foundation, Japan, Malaysia and the Philippines;
Ninth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the
Treatment of Offenders, Cairo (1995).
Koesparmono Irsan (Indonesia)
Date of birth: 1940.
Education: Graduate from the Institute for Higher Police Science,
Jakarta (1967); graduate from the International Golden Institute (IGI)
for Magister Management, Jakarta (1995); graduate from Faculty of Law
Pancasila University, Jakarta (1996); graduate from Staff and Command
College Indonesia Armed Forces/Police II, Indonesia (1976); graduate
from Indonesian National Defence College KRA XXI, Jakarta (1986);
graduate from Crime Investigation Course, Tokyo (1979).
Present post: Rector, Bhayangkara University, Jakarta.
Previous posts: Director of Criminal Investigation Indonesian
National Police, with the rank of Brigadier General, Jakarta; Chief of
East Java Regional Police, with the rank of Major General, Surabaya;
Governor of Indonesian Police Academy with the rank of Major General,
Semarang; Deputy Chief of Operation, Indonesia National Police, with
the rank of Major General.
Publication: Indonesian Penal Law (three volumes); Narcotic and
Psychotropic in Indonesia.
Meetings attended: Several Interpol meetings; several seminars on
narcotic and drug abuse; several international seminars on crime.
Dil Jan Khan (Pakistan)
Date of birth: 1934.
Education: Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Laws, Master of Arts
Present post: Member of the International Narcotics Control Board
(INCB); Member of the INCB Standing Committee on Estimates.
Previous posts: Secretary, Narcotics Control Division, Government of
Pakistan; Secretary, States and Frontier Regions, Government of
Pakistan (1990-1993); Secretary, Interior Division, Government of
Pakistan (1990); Additional Secretary, Ministry of Interior of
Pakistan (1986-1990); Counsellor, Embassy of Pakistan, Kabul
(1973-1978); First Secretary, Embassy of Pakistan, Kabul (1972).
Membership: President of the International Club, Kabul; Dean of the
Counsellor/Administration Corps, Afghanistan; Member of the
Asian-African Legal Consultative Committee.
Meetings attended: Inter alia, seminar on replacement of opium poppy
cultivation, Bangkok (1978); head of the delegation of Pakistan to the
Executive Committee of the Office of the United Nations High
Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Geneva (1990-1993); workshop of the
UNHCR Asian-African Legal Consultative Committee (1991); Asian-African
Legal Consultative Committee, New Delhi (1991); World Food Programme
Authority (1992); talks on relief assistance for Afghan refugees,
Geneva and Washington, D.C. (1993); head of the delegation of Pakistan
to the Commission on Narcotic Drugs at its reconvened thirty-sixth
session (1993) and at its thirty-seventh session (1994); technical
consultation between Pakistan and India under the auspices of the
United Nations International Drug Control Programme (UNDCP) to
cooperate in drug control activities, Vienna (1994); First Policy-
Level Meeting on Technical Cooperation between Pakistan and India
(1994); head of the delegation of Pakistan to the meeting to sign the
memorandum of understanding and project on strengthening law
enforcement capacity in border areas of south-west Asia between
Pakistan, the Islamic Republic of Iran and UNDCP (1994).
Philip Lazarov (Bulgaria)
Date of birth: 1941.
Education: M.D., Medical Academy, Sofia (1968); Psychiatrist, Medical
Academy, Sofia (1968-1971); Ph.D., Medical Academy, Sofia (1978-1982).
Present post: Associate Professor, Director National Center for
Addictions, Sofia (since 1994).
Previous posts: Associate Professor, Head, Psychiatry of Addictions
Clinic, Medical Academy, Sofia (1985-1994); Assistant Professor,
Psychiatry of Addictions Clinic, Medical Academy, Sofia (1976-1985);
Head of the Clinical Unit, Psychiatry Dispensary, Sofia (1974-1976);
Head of the Clinical Unit, Psychiatric Hospital, Karlukovo
(1971-1974); Psychiatrist, Hospital Karlukovo (1968-1971).
Membership: Bulgarian Psychiatric Association; American Polish
Psychiatric Association; National Interministerial Drug Council;
President "Society against Drugs" Association; President, "Antidroga"
Other activities: Head of the National Team for PHARE, Drug Demand
Reduction Programme, European Union; National Coordinator,
International European Training for Treatment of Drug Addictions;
Counterpart in Bulgaria, Alcohol Action Plan, World Health
Organization; Coordinator for Bulgaria, the multi-city network study
of the Pompidou Group of the Council of Europe.
Gabriel Lūtter (South Africa)
Date of birth: 1933.
Education: BA in Sociology combined with Psychology and Criminology,
University of Stellenbosch.
Present post: Retired; Member of the Board of Staanvas Treatment
Previous posts: Superintendent of Northlea Rehabilitation Centre
(1964-1971); Head of the Court Section in Cape Town (1972-1973); Head
of the National Assessment of Professional Welfare Services
(1976-1984); Director of Rehabilitation Services (1985-1989); Member
of the Scheduling Committee of the Medicines Control Council
(1989-1993); Deputy Director of the Directorate of the Family and
Community Care and Head of the Subdirectorates of Drug Dependency and
Care of the Offender (1989-1993); Personal adviser to the Director-
General and Minister of Health and Welfare on drug-related matters
(1985-1993); trainer of social workers and judicial staff, as well as
other professionals, regarding the implementation of different acts on
drug trafficking, prevention and treatment of drug dependency, and
rehabilitation of drug abusers.
Publications: Author of more than 80 articles, including "Integration
of treatment services", Psychiatry in Practice, and "Practical
Implication of the Prevention and Treatment of Drug Dependency Act
(Act 20 of 1992)", Social Work Practice.
Meetings attended: Participant at the South African conference on
Dagga (1983); member of the National Advisory Board on Rehabilitation
Matters (Act 41 of 1971) (later the Drug Advisory Board (Act 20 of
1992) (1985-1993); Chairman, working group to revise drug legislation
(1991); Chairman, Planning Committee of the conference on the
implementation of the National Plan to Combat Drug Abuse in South
Africa (1991); Chairman, research committee on street children;
participant at the International Research Conference on the
Bio-medical Approaches to Drug Demand Reduction, Sea Island,
Gottfried Machata (Austria)
Date of birth: 1925.
Education: Chemistry, University of Vienna (1946-1951); Ph.D. (1951).
Present post: Member of the International Narcotics Control Board
(INCB) (since 1992).
Previous posts: Head of the Chemical Laboratory, Institute of
Forensic Medicine, Vienna (1955-1990); Associate Professor (1962) and
Professor (since 1968), University of Vienna.
Publications: Author of 150 publications on chemical toxicology,
narcotic drugs and criminalistics.
Honours: Gold Medal of the Republic of Austria for Scientific
Research; International Widmark Award; Fritz Pregl Prize;
Theodor Kūrner Prize; International Jean Servais Stas Me'daille.
Meetings attended: Several United Nations meetings, including
sessions of the Disarmament Commission (1983-1985) and the Commission
on Narcotic Drugs (since 1977); INCB missions to Iran (Islamic
Republic of), Pakistan, Poland, Switzerland and the United Arab
Emirates; training courses in China on analysis of narcotic drugs and
Bunsom Martin (Thailand)
Date of birth: 1922.
Education: Doctor of Medicine, University of Medicine, Siriraj
Hospital (1945); Master's Degree in Public Health and Tropical
Medicine, Tulane University, United States of America (1949).
Present posts: Member of the International Narcotics Control Board;
adviser to Saint Louis Nursing College and many other universities;
adviser, Subcommittee on Drug Prevention, Narcotics Control Board
Previous posts: Medical doctor, Office of the Permanent Secretary,
Ministry of Education of Thailand (1951); Director, Department of
Physical Education, Physical Education College (1955); Director-
General, Department of Physical Education (1968); Rector, Chiang Mai
University (1970); Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Education (1980);
Deputy Minister of Education (1972-1974); Minister of Education and
member of the Narcotics Control Board (1977-1980); Minister of Public
Health (1979-1980); Chairman, Subcommittee on Drug Prevention,
Narcotics Control Board (1970-1992).
Publications: Author of various class books and handbooks on public
health and physical education.
Honours: Knight Grand Commander of the Most Illustrious Order of
Chula Chom Klao.
Membership: President, Medical Council of Thailand; Member of the
Thai Red Cross; Member of the Sports Promotion Organization of
Thailand; Member of the National Youth Bureau; Chairman, Committee to
draft the National Education Plan; Member of the National
Socio-Economic Board; Member of the Special Committee to Consider and
Review the Acts.
Nobuo Motohashi (Japan)
Date of birth: 1927.
Education: Bachelor of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Medicine,
University of Tokyo (1945-1948); postgraduate studies, University of
Tokyo (1948-1953); Doctor of Pharmaceutical Sciences (1958).
Present posts: Director and Adviser to the Board, Boehringer
Ingelheim Corporation East Asia; Special Adviser, Nippon Boehringer
Ingelheim Co., Ltd; Director, Drug Abuse Prevention Centre.
Previous posts: Assistant Professor, Department of Legal Medicine,
Tokyo Medical and Dental University (1955-1964); Assistant Professor,
Department of Biochemistry, Albert Einstein College of Medicine,
United States of America (1963-1965); Director of Narcotics Division,
Bureau of Pharmaceutical Affairs, Ministry of Health and Welfare of
Japan (1971-1975); Councillor for Pharmaceutical Affairs, Ministry of
Health and Welfare (1975-1979); Member of the International Narcotics
Control Board (INCB) (1981); President and Representative Director,
Nippon Boehringer Ingelheim Co., Ltd. (1985-1987); Chairman and
Director, Nippon Boehringer Ingelheim Co., Ltd. (1987-1994).
Publications: Author of, inter alia, Guidebook to the Handling of
Poisonous and Deleterious Substances (1975), The Countermeasures for
Dependence-producing Drugs in Japan (1974), Drug Abuse in Japan (1977)
and Chemistry and Licit Drug Use (1978).
Meetings attended: Representative of the Government of Japan at
various sessions of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs (1973-1979);
meetings of Heads of National Drug Law Enforcement Agencies, Asia and
the Pacific (1974-1977); twenty-ninth session of INCB (1981).
Haji Naim Normah (Malaysia)
Date of birth: 1941.
Education: Bachelor of Pharmacy, University of Singapore (1966);
Certificate, Institute of Purchasing and Supply and Institute of
Material Handling, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern
Present post: Director of Pharmaceutical Services, Ministry of Health
Previous posts: Deputy Director of Pharmaceutical Services, Ministry
of Health of Malaysia (1993); Director, National Pharmaceutical
Control Bureau, Ministry of Health of Malaysia (1990).
Honours: AMN, KMN.
Meetings attended: International Conference on National Medicinal
Drug Policies, Sydney, Australia (1995); ASEAN/European Union follow-
up meeting on precursors control, Yogyakarta, Indonesia (1994);
Commission on Narcotic Drugs (1994); International Conference of Drug
Regulatory Authorities, Amsterdam (1994); ASEAN Working Group Meeting
and Bi-Regional TCDC Meeting, Kuala Lumpur (1994); ASEAN/European
Union Seminar on Precursors, Europe (1993); Asia-Pacific workshops on
pharmaceuticals for health ministry officials, Colombo (1992);
Temporary Adviser and Speaker for the Study Programme in Manufacturing
Central or Essential Drugs, Tokyo (1992); Actim Familiarisation
Programme on French Pharmaceutical Quality Control Standards, France
(1992); ASEAN working group meetings on technical cooperation in
pharmaceuticals, Singapore and Bangkok (1991).
Herbert S. Okun (United States of America)
Date of birth: 1930.
Education: Bachelor of Arts, Stanford University (Honours); MPA in
Public Administration, Harvard University.
Present posts: Member, International Narcotics Control Board;
Executive Director, Financial Services Volunteer Corps, United States
of America; visiting lecturer, Yale University Law School.
Previous posts: United States Foreign Service (1955-1991); United
States Deputy Permanent Representative and Ambassador to the United
Nations (1985-1989); representative to the Security Council, the
Committee for Programme and Coordination of the Economic and Social
Council, the Disarmament Commission and other United Nations bodies;
Ambassador-in-Residence at the Aspen Institute, Washington, D.C.
(1983-1985); United States Ambassador to the German Democratic
Republic (1980-1983); Vice-Chairman of the United States delegation to
SALT II (1978-1980); various foreign service assignments in Belo
Horizonte, Brasilia, Geneva, Lisbon, Moscow, Munich, Naples and Rio de
Memberships: Phi Beta Kappa; World Rehabilitation Fund; Member of the
Advisory Board, Chazen Institute of International Business, Graduate
School of Business, Columbia University; Member of the Advisory Board,
Portuguese-American Leadership Council of the United States;
Commissioner, U.S.-Poland Action Commission; National Committee on
American Foreign Policy; Washington Institute of Foreign Affairs;
Council on Foreign Relations; American Academy of Diplomacy.
Honours: Presidential Meritorious Award (1983); Department of State
Superior Honour Award (1980); Meritorious Honour Award (1972).
Meetings attended: Meeting of the Group of Experts to advise and
assist the Secretary-General on the enhancement of the efficiency of
the United Nations structure for drug abuse control (1990); sessions
of the International Narcotics Control Board (1992-1995).
Arthur Pereira de Castilho Neto (Brazil)
Date of birth: 1942.
Education: Law graduate and Doctor in Public Law, School of Law of
the Federal University of the State of Rio de Janeiro.
Present posts: Technical Assistant to the Federal Senate of Brazil
and practising lawyer before the superior Courts of the Federal Union
and member of the Federal Public Prosecution Office (Deputy Attorney-
General of the Republic) (retired); Professor of Administrative Law at
the Integrated Bennet Faculties (currently on leave).
Previous posts: Secretary to the drafting committees for the Penal
Procedure Code, the Penal Procedure Military Code, the Penal Military
Code and the Civil Code; member of the National Commission for Drug
Control and of the Technical Chamber of Drugs, both linked to the
Ministry of Health of Brazil; member of the administrative commission
that created the Federal Counsel of Drugs, having been its first
President; Secretary-General at the Ministry of Justice (Vice-
Minister) and acting Minister of Justice; member of the Commission of
Notables of the Presidency of the Republic during the process of
Constitutional Revision; member of the Federal Prosecuting Office;
acting Attorney-General of the Federal Union and Prosecutor-General of
the Federal Union.
Publications: Author of collection of laws on drugs and of several
papers published in specialized journals, as well as in the
proceedings of conferences held in Brazil and abroad on drugs and
other matters of interest to the Federal Prosecuting Office.
Meetings attended: Participant in several congresses, seminars and
conferences in Brazil; President and/or head of Brazilian delegations
to meetings of the South American Agreement on Narcotic Drugs and
Psychotropic Substances, to sessions of the Commission on Narcotic
Drugs and to meetings on bilateral agreements with South American
Maurice Randrianame (Madagascar)
Date of birth: 1935.
Education: Aix-en-Provence University; Antananarivo Law School
(Degree in Law - Public Law and Political Sciences) (Honours),
University of Madagascar; Higher National Police School (diploma);
International Police Academy, Washington, D.C. (diploma); Customs and
Border Police Academy of Los Fresnos, Texas (diploma).
Present post: Coordinator of National Drug Policy for the Government
(1992-1994) and the Presidency of the Republic of Madagascar
Previous posts: Superintendent of the Public Security Police and
Criminal Investigation Department; Technical Adviser to the Ministry
of the Interior of Madagascar; Head of the Guided Research Public Law
Section, University of Madagascar; Director of the Economic Police;
Director of the Judicial Police; head of mission at the Ministry of
Honours: Grand Officer of the Malagasy National Order; Chevalier of
the Malagasy Order of Merit.
Meetings attended: Head of the Malagasy delegation to several
sessions of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs (1976-1995) and
Rapporteur, First and Second Vice-Chairman and Chairman (1985) of the
Commission; international expert meeting on assets associated with
illicit drug trafficking, under the sponsorship of the International
Criminal Police Organization (ICPO/Interpol); international expert
meeting on the evaluation of the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs
of 1961 and the Convention on Psychotropic Substances of 1971, Vienna
(1985); rapporteur, First Interregional Meeting of Heads of National
Drug Law Enforcement Agencies, Vienna (1986); representative of the
Malagasy delegation to the International Conference on Drug Abuse and
Illicit Trafficking, Vienna (1987); representative of the Malagasy
delegation, intergovernmental expert group to consider the draft
Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic
Substances, Vienna (1987); trainer, seminars for agents in law
enforcement and prevention in the area of drugs, sponsored by the
International Council on Alcohol and Addictions and by the Government
of Co^te d'Ivoire, Abidjan (1987); seminar for directors of criminal
investigation departments, organized by the International Technical
Cooperation Service of the Police, Vienna (1990); seventeenth special
session of the General Assembly (1990); meetings of Heads of National
Drug Law Enforcement Agencies, Africa, Abidjan (1993) and
Ion Roibu (Romania)
Date of birth: 1954.
Education: B.A. Faculty of Law, University of Bucharest; Postgraduate
course: "Drug Smuggling in Romania: particularities and tendencies".
Present post: Chief Service, Anti-Drugs Service, Anti-organized Crime
Brigade, Department of Police, Ministry of Interior.
Previous posts: Police officer, Department of Police (1978-1982);
Police officer, Arms, Explosives and Drugs Service (1982-1992); Chief
Service, Anti-Drugs Service.
Training: Responsible for training at the Academy of Police; also
involved in training of judicial staff, as well as other professionals
regarding anti-drug activities.
Publications: Participated in the preparation of the Anti-drug Police
Officer Handbook, as well as in the preparation of the draft law on
activities against drug smuggling and the Decision of the Government
of Romania concerning the creation of the Inter-ministerial Committee
against drug smuggling; various articles published in international
David Scicluna (Malta)
Date of birth: 1952.
Education: Diploma, Notary Public, LL.D., University of Malta;
Fellow, Seminar in American Studies, Salzburg.
Present post: Magistrate; Chairman, National Commission against Drug
and Alcohol Abuse; Lecturer, University of Malta, the Institute of
Forensic Studies and the Academy of Criminal Justice.
Previous post: Private legal practice.
Publications: Author of various monographs in law journals and
publications, including studies on: "Short-term treatment of adult
offenders", "Work in penal institutions" and "Legal aspects of drug
abuse and illicit trafficking".
Membership: Member of the Commonwealth Magistrates and Judges
Association; Member of the International Society for Criminology.
Meetings attended: Tenth International Congress on Criminology,
Hamburg (1988); United Nations Conference for the Adoption of a
Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic
Substances, Vienna (1988); Wilton Park Conference on Fighting the Drug
Problem, Steyning, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern
Ireland (1989); World Ministerial Summit to Reduce the Demand for
Drugs and Combat the Cocaine Threat, London (1990); Thirteenth
Congress of the International Association of Juvenile and Family Court
Magistrates, Turin (1990); special session of the General Assembly,
New York (1993); Commission on Narcotic Drugs (1989-1995); Pompidou
Group of the Council of Europe.
Milan Skrlj (Slovenia)
Date of birth: 1935.
Education: Pharmaceutical Faculty; Master's Degree in Pharmaceutical
Present post: Adviser to the Minister, Ministry of Health of
Previous posts: Director, Department for Pharmaceuticals, Narcotics
and Poisons, Federal Ministry of Health of Yugoslavia (1977-1991);
Director, Pharmaceutical Production, Pharmaceutical Industry,
Lek-Ljubljana (1976-1977); Director, Quality Control Sector,
Pharmaceutical Industry, Sarajevo (1967-1976).
Publications: Author of over 40 articles dealing with narcotic drugs,
dangerous chemicals, environmental protection and pharmaceuticals, in
national and international publications, inter alia, "Programme base
for the prevention of drug abuse in Yugoslavia", Bulletin on Narcotics
(1986) and "Gli interventi nel settore della tossicodependenza in
Yugoslavia", Comunicazione e droga 2 (1986).
Meetings attended: Head or member of the national delegation to
various sessions of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs (since 1979);
alternate representative of the national delegation to the
International Conference on Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking (1987);
deputy head of the national delegation to the United Nations
Conference for the Adoption of a Convention on Illicit Traffic in
Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances (1988); national
representative at meetings of the Pompidou Group of the Council of
Europe; national representative at the high-level meetings of the
Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development Chemical Group;
participant in World Health Organization meetings dealing with drug
dependency and chemical control.
Number, length and place of meetings, payments and present
membership of the International Narcotics Control Board
"The Board shall meet as often as, in its opinion, may be
necessary for the proper discharge of its functions, but shall hold at
least two sessions in each calendar year" (Single Convention, art. 11,
The duration of each session varies from one to three weeks. In
1995 its sessions were as follows:
Fifty-eighth session, 8-19 May 1995
Fifty-ninth session, 30 October-16 November 1995
The sessions are normally held in the headquarters of the Board's
secretariat at Vienna, Austria (Vienna International Centre).
In accordance with General Assembly resolution 2491 (XXIII) of
21 December 1968, the members of the Board receive a per diem
allowance while participating in Board sessions or in official
missions. As of January 1996, this allowance at Vienna is US$ 303 per
day. Members' travelling expenses are defrayed by the United Nations
according to current administrative practice.
In accordance with General Assembly resolution 35/218 of
17 December 1980, members of the Board receive honoraria on the
following annual basis:
President US$ 5 000
Vice-Presidents US$ 4 000
Members US$ 3 000
The present membership of the International Narcotics Control
Board is as follows: a/
Sirad Atmodjo (1997) b/
Edward A. Babayan (2000)
Alfredo Pemjeau (2000) b/
A. Hamid Ghodse (1997) b/
Dil Jan Khan (1997)
Gottfried Machata (1997)
Mohammed Abbas Mansour (2000)
Bunsom Martin (1997)
Anto'nio Lourenc'o Martins (2000)
Herbert S. Okun (1997)
Manuel Quijano (1997)
Oskar Schroeder (2000)
Elba Torres Graterol (2000)
a/ The year given after each name indicates the end of the
member's term of office, that is, 1 March 1997 or 1 March 2000,
b/ Members elected from among candidates submitted by WHO.
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Date last posted: 24 November 1999 11:15:45
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