United Nations

E/CN.9/1995/8 - E/1995/27


Commission on Population and Development

 

 


Commission on Population and Development

              Report on the twenty-eighth session
                  (21 February-2 March 1995)


                 Economic and Social Council
                   Official Records, 1995
                        Supplement No.7

                  United Nations * New York, 1995


                                  NOTE

      Symbols of United Nations documents are composed of capital
letters combined with figures. Mention of such a symbol indicates a
reference to a United Nations document.

                             ISSN 0251-7760


                                 SUMMARY


      At its twenty-eighth session, the Commission on Population and
Development (a) reviewed population trends, policies and programmes,
(b) considered follow-up action to be taken by the United Nations to the
recommendations of the International Conference on Population and
Development and (c) reviewed programme implementation and the proposed
programme of work for the biennium 1996-1997.

      The Commission held a general debate, during which members
exchanged views and national experiences in the area of population.
Information was exchanged related to population trends, policies and
programmes, the integration of population and development, and
international cooperation and assistance.  The general debate provided
a useful context for a further review of current trends, policies and
national programmes as well as multilateral population assistance.

      The Commission considered the follow-up action to be taken by the
United Nations to the recommendations of the International Conference
on Population and Development.  Discussions were held on the
functioning of the Commission on Population and Development, proposed
terms of reference, secretariat support, management, inter-agency
coordination and resource base, and work programme of the Commission,
including proposed agenda and documentation.  The Commission
transmitted its views on those issues to the Economic and Social
Council for consideration at its substantive session of 1995.

      The Commission reviewed programme implementation and the programme
of work for the biennium 1996-1997.  It expressed its appreciation for
the high quality of work of the Population Division of the Department
for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis and adopted a
draft decision for consideration by the Economic and Social Council
concerning the programme of work to be carried out by the Population
Division during the biennium 1996-1997.



                                     CONTENTS

Chapter                                                     Paragraphs  Page

INTRODUCTION .............................................        1      1

  I.     MATTERS CALLING FOR ACTION BY THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL
         COUNCIL OR BROUGHT TO ITS ATTENTION ...............    2 - 3    2

         A.    Draft decision ...............................     2      2
         B.    Matters brought to the attention of the Council .  3      2

 II.     REVIEW OF POPULATION TRENDS, POLICIES AND PROGRAMMES    4 - 15  4

         A.    General debate on national experience in population
               matters .......................................   4 - 5   4
         B.    Monitoring of world population trends and policies6 - 8   4
         C.    Monitoring of multilateral population assistance  9 - 11  4
         D.    Activities of the United Nations Population Fund 12 - 15  4

III.     INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT:
         FOLLOW-UP ACTION TO BE TAKEN BY THE UNITED NATIONS ....16 - 23  6

 IV.     PROGRAMME QUESTIONS .................................  24 - 29  7

  V.     PROVISIONAL AGENDA FOR THE TWENTY-NINTH SESSION ........  30    8

 VI.     ADOPTION OF THE REPORT OF THE COMMISSION ON ITS
         TWENTY-EIGHTH SESSION ................................ 31 - 32  9

VII.     ORGANIZATION OF THE SESSION .......................... 33 - 40 10

         A.    Opening and duration of the session .............33 - 35 10
         B.    Attendance .......................................  36   10
         C.    Election of officers .............................  37   10
         D.    Agenda ............................................ 38   10
         E.    Documentation ..................................... 39   11
         F.    Consultation with non-governmental organizations .  40   11


                                      Annexes

  I.     VIEWS OF THE COMMISSION ON POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT ON THE
         IMPLICATIONS FOR THE COMMISSION OF FOLLOW-UP TO THE INTERNATIONAL
         CONFERENCE ON POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT ............               12

 II.     VIEWS OF THE COMMISSION ON POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT ON PROGRAMME
         QUESTIONS .........................                                 18

III.     ATTENDANCE......................................                    20

 IV.     LIST OF DOCUMENTS BEFORE THE COMMISSION AT ITS TWENTY-EIGHTH
         SESSION                                                             22


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                              INTRODUCTION


1.    The General Assembly, in its resolution 49/128 of 19 December
1994, decided that the Population Commission should be renamed the
Commission on Population and Development and that it should meet on an
annual basis.  The Economic and Social Council, in its decision
1995/209 of 10 February 1995, having taken note of General Assembly
resolution 49/128, endorsed the decisions in paragraphs 24 and 25
therein.  The Commission on Population and Development held its twenty-
eighth session at United Nations Headquarters from 21 February to
2 March 1995.



                                Chapter I

          MATTERS CALLING FOR ACTION BY THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL
                   COUNCIL OR BROUGHT TO ITS ATTENTION


                           A.  Draft decision

2.    The Commission on Population and Development recommends to the
Economic and Social Council the adoption of the following draft
decision:


              Report of the Commission on Population and Development
              on its twenty-eighth session and provisional agenda for
               the twenty-ninth session of the Commission

      The Economic and Social Council:

      (a) Takes note of the report of the Commission on Population and
Development on its twenty-eighth session;

      (b) Approves the provisional agenda for the twenty-ninth session
of the Commission set out below.


         Provisional agenda for the twenty-ninth session of the
                Commission on Population and Development

      1.  Election of officers.

      2.  Adoption of the agenda and organization of work.

      3.  Follow-up action to the recommendations of the
          International     Conference on Population and Development,
          1994.

      4.  Programme questions.

      5.  Adoption of the provisional agenda for the thirtieth session
          of the Commission.

      6.  Adoption of the report of the Commission on its twenty-ninth
          session.


           B.  Matters brought to the attention of the Council

3.    The following decisions adopted by the Commission are brought to
the attention of the Council:


          Decision 1995/1.  Follow-up to the International Conference on
                             Population and Development

      The Commission on Population and Development, welcoming the
results of the International Conference on Population and Development
and the adoption of its Programme of Action,1/  bearing in mind
Economic and Social Council resolutions 3 (III) of 3 October 1946 and
150 (VII) of 10 August 1948, which established the Population
Commission and defined its terms of reference, as well as Council
decision 87 (LVIII) of 6 May 1975 and resolutions 1985/4 of 28 May 1985
and 1986/7 of 21 May 1986, which expanded the mandate of the Commission,
taking also into account General Assembly resolution 49/128 of
19 December 1994 on the report of the International Conference on
Population and Development, in which the Assembly decided, inter alia,
to rename the Population Commission the Commission on Population and
Development and that the revitalized Commission should meet on an
annual basis, having reviewed, at its twenty-eighth session, within its
area of competence, the Programme of Action and its implications,
decides to transmit its views on the implications for the Commission of
the follow-up to the Conference to the Economic and Social Council for
consideration at its substantive session of 1995 (see annex I to the
present report).

------------------------
      1/Report of the International Conference on Population and
Development, Cairo, 5-13 September 1994 (A/CONF.171/13 and Add.1),
chap. I, resolution 1, annex.

                  Decision 1995/2.  Programme questions

      The Commission on Population and Development, bearing in mind the
results of the International Conference on Population and Development
and the adoption of its Programme of Action, 1/ taking into account
General Assembly resolution 49/128 of 19 December 1994 on the report of
the International Conference on Population and Development, having
reviewed, at its twenty-eighth session, within its area of competence,
the Programme of Action and its implications,   recalling Economic and
Social Council resolution 1994/2 of 14 July 1994 on the work programme
in the field of population and noting with satisfaction the progress
made in implementing the work programme for the biennium 1994-1995,
decides to transmit its views on programme questions to the Economic
and Social Council for consideration at its substantive session of 1995
(see annex II to the present report).






                               Chapter II

          REVIEW OF POPULATION TRENDS, POLICIES AND PROGRAMMES


                   A.  General debate on national experience in
                       population matters

4.    The Commission on Population and Development held a general
discussion of item 3 (a) of its agenda at its 1st meeting, on 21
February 1995.

5.    Statements were made by the representatives of China, India, the
Russian Federation and Pakistan.


         B.  Monitoring of world population trends and policies

6.    The Commission on Population and Development held a general
discussion of item 3 (b) of its agenda at its 1st meeting, on 21
February.  It had before it the concise report of the Secretary-General
on the monitoring of world population trends and policies
(E/CN.9/1995/2).

7.    The Assistant Director of the Population Division made an
introductory statement.

8.    Statements were also made by the representatives of the Russian
Federation, Canada, Germany, France, the United States of America,
Jamaica and China.


          C.  Monitoring of multilateral population assistance

9.    The Commission on Population and Development held a general
discussion of item 3 (c) of its agenda at its 2nd meeting, on 21
February.  It had before it the report of the Secretary-General on the
monitoring of multilateral population assistance (E/CN.9/1995/3).

10.   The Deputy Executive Director of the United Nations Population
Fund made an introductory statement.

11.   Statements were also made by the representatives of the Russian
Federation, India, China, Germany and the United States of America and
the observer for the Holy See.


          D.  Activities of the United Nations Population Fund

12.   The Commission on Population and Development held a general
discussion of item 3 (d) of its agenda at its 2nd and 3rd meetings, on
21 and 22 February.  It had before it the report of the Executive
Director of the United Nations Population Fund on the activities of the
Fund (E/CN.9/1995/4).

13.   At the 2nd meeting, on 21 February, the Deputy Executive Director
of the United Nations Population Fund made an introductory statement.

14.   At the same meeting, statements were made by the representatives
of the United States of America, India, Jamaica, Poland and the United
Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

15.   At the 3rd meeting, on 22 February, statements were made by the
representatives of Japan, Mexico and Colombia and the observer for
Norway.


                               Chapter III

         INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT:
           FOLLOW-UP ACTION TO BE TAKEN BY THE UNITED NATIONS


                         A.  General discussion

16.   The Commission on Population and Development held a general
discussion of item 4 of its agenda at its 3rd to 5th, 8th and 9th
meetings, on 22, 27 and 28 February 1995.  It had before it the
following documents:

      (a) Report of the Secretary-General on the implications of the
recommendations of the International Conference on Population and
Development for the work programme on population (E/CN.9/1995/5);

      (b) Report of the International Conference on Population and
Development (Cairo, 5-13 September 1994) (A/CONF.171/13 and Add.1).

17.   At the 3rd meeting, on 22 February, the Director of the Population
Division made an introductory statement.

18.   At the same meeting, statements were made by the representatives
of France (on behalf of the European Union), China, Japan, Canada, the
Netherlands, the United States of America, Bangladesh, the Russian
Federation, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
and Pakistan and the observer for Norway.  Statements were also made by
the representatives of the International Labour Organization, the
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization and
the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

19.   At the 4th meeting, on 22 February, statements were made by the
representatives of India, France (on behalf of the European Union),
Germany, Belgium and Mexico.  The representative of the International
Organization for Migration made a statement.  The representative of the
International Union for the Scientific Study of Population, a non-
governmental organization in consultative status with the Economic and
Social Council, category II, also made a statement.

20.   At the 5th meeting, on 27 February, the representative of the
World Health Organization made a statement.

21.   At the 8th meeting, on 28 February, with the permission of the
Commission,  statements were made by the Co-Chairmen of the NGO
Planning Committee for the International Conference on Population and
Development.

22.   At the 9th meeting, on 28 February, the representative of
Population Communications International, a non-governmental
organization in consultative status with the Economic and Social
Council, Roster, made a statement.


                   B.  Action taken by the Commission

23.   At the 10th meeting, on 2 March, the Commission adopted a draft
decision (E/CN.9/1995/L.2), entitled "Follow-up to the International
Conference on Population and Development", submitted by the Chairman
on the basis of informal consultations (see chap. I, sect. B, decision
1995/1).

                               Chapter IV

                           PROGRAMME QUESTIONS


                         A.  General discussion

24.   The Commission on Population and Development held a general
discussion of item 5 of its agenda at its 8th and 9th meetings, on 28
February 1995.  It had before it the following documents:

      (a) Report of the Secretary-General entitled "Progress of work in
the field of population, 1994:  Department for Economic and Social
Information and Policy Analysis" (E/CN.9/1995/6);

      (b) Note by the Secretary-General on the programme of work in
population for the biennium 1996-1997 (E/CN.9/1995/7);

      (c) Note by the Secretary-General entitled "Proposed programme of
work for the biennium 1996-1997:  population (Department for Economic
and Social Information and Policy Analysis)" (E/CN.9/1995/CRP.1).

25.   At the 8th meeting, on 28 February, the Director of the Population
Division made an introductory statement.  Statements were also made by
the Chief of the Fertility and Family Planning Section, the Chief of the
Mortality and Migration Section and the Chief of the Estimates and
Projections Section of the Population Division.

26.   At the same meeting, statements were made by the representatives
of the United States of America, China, the Russian Federation,
Pakistan, Germany, Japan, Bangladesh, India, France, Canada, the United
Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and the Netherlands and
the observers for Austria and Norway.

27.   At the 9th meeting, on 28 February, statements were made by the
Chief of the Population Policy Section of the Population Division, the
Assistant Director-in-Charge of the Population Division, the Assistant
Director of the Population Division, the Director of the Population
Division and the Chief of the Demographic and Social Statistics Branch
of the Statistical Division.

28.   At the same meeting, statements were made by the representatives
of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Canada,
Germany, France, the United States of America, Japan, Pakistan and
India and the observer for Norway.  Statements were also made the
representatives of the Economic Commission for Africa, the Economic
Commission for Europe, the Economic Commission for Latin America and
the Caribbean and the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the
Pacific.


                   B.  Action taken by the Commission

29.   At the 10th meeting, on 2 March, the Commission adopted a draft
decision entitled "Programme questions", submitted by the Chairman on
the basis of informal consultations (see chap. II, sect. B, decision
1995/2).



                                Chapter V

             PROVISIONAL AGENDA FOR THE TWENTY-NINTH SESSION


30.   At the 10th meeting, on 2 March, the Commission approved the draft
provisional agenda for its twenty-ninth session (see chap. I, sect. A),
which was drawn up on the basis of annex I, section III, to the present
report.



                               Chapter VI

             ADOPTION OF THE REPORT OF THE COMMISSION ON ITS
                          TWENTY-EIGHTH SESSION


31.   At the 10th meeting, on 2 March, the Vice-Chairman-cum-Rapporteur
introduced and orally revised the draft report of the Commission on its
twenty-eighth session (E/CN.9/1995/L.3 and Add.1).

32.   At the same meeting, the Commission adopted the draft report, as
revised and amended during the discussion.


                               Chapter VII

                       ORGANIZATION OF THE SESSION


                 A.  Opening and duration of the session

33.   The Commission on Population and Development held its twenty-
eighth session at United Nations Headquarters from 21 February to 2
March 1995.  The Commission held 10 meetings (1st to 10th).

34.   The session was opened by the Under-Secretary-General for Economic
and Social Information and Policy Analysis.

35.   Introductory statements were made by the Under-Secretary-General
for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis, the Executive
Director of the United Nations Population Fund and the Director of the
Population Division.


                             B.  Attendance

36.   The session was attended by 22 States members of the Commission.
Observers for other States Members of the United Nations and two non-
member States also attended.  Representatives of specialized agencies,
intergovernmental organizations and non-governmental organizations
also attended.  A list of participants is given in annex III to the
present report.


                        C.  Election of officers

37.   At the 1st, 6th and 7th meetings, on 21 and 27 February 1995, the
Commission elected the following officers by acclamation:

      Chairman:  Ruth Archibald (Canada)

      Vice-Chairmen:  Jose Gomez de Leon (Mexico)
                     Jerzy Z. Holzer (Poland)
                      Abderrazak Azaiez (Tunisia)

      Vice-Chairman- cum-Rapporteur:  V. K. Shunglu (India)


                               D.  Agenda

38.   At the 1st meeting, on 21 February, the Commission adopted the
provisional agenda contained in document E/CN.9/1995/1, as orally
revised.  The agenda was as follows:

      1.  Election of officers.

      2.  Adoption of the agenda and other organizational matters.

      3.  Review of population trends, policies and programmes:

          (a)General debate on national experience in population
             matters;

          (b)Monitoring of world population trends and policies;

          (c)Monitoring of multilateral population assistance;

          (d) Activities of the United Nations Population Fund.

      4.  International Conference on Population and Development:
          follow-up action to be taken by the United Nations:

          (a)Consideration of the recommendations of the International
             Conference on Population and Development;

          (b)Implications of the recommendations of the International
             Conference on Population and Development for the work programme
             on population.

      5.  Programme questions:

          (a)Programme performance and implementation;

          (b)Proposed programme of work for the biennium 1996-1997.

      6.  Provisional agenda for the twenty-ninth session of the
          Commission.

      7.  Adoption of the report of the Commission on its twenty-eighth
          session.


                            E.  Documentation

39.   The documents before the Commission are listed in annex IV to the
present report.


          F.  Consultation with non-governmental organizations

40.   In accordance with rule 76 of the rules of procedure of the
functional commissions of the Economic and Social Council,
representatives of the following non-governmental organizations in
consultative status with the Council made statements in connection with
agenda item 4.

      Category II:  International Union for the Scientific Study of
Population

      Roster:  Population Communications International.




                                 Annex I

          VIEWS OF THE COMMISSION ON POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT
          ON THE IMPLICATIONS FOR THE COMMISSION OF FOLLOW-UP
          TO THE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON POPULATION AND
                               DEVELOPMENT


     I.  FUNCTIONING OF THE COMMISSION ON POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT

1.    In the context of the role of the Economic and Social Council in
overall guidance and coordination, the Commission on Population and
Development should have primary responsibility for reviewing the
follow-up and implementation of the Programme of Action of the
International Conference on Population and Development, reporting
through the Council to the General Assembly, in accordance with General
Assembly resolution 49/128.  It will also be necessary to keep in mind
the need to develop a common framework for a coherent follow-up to
United Nations summits and conferences.

2.    The Secretary-General is requested to ensure that the Inter-Agency
Task Force for the Implementation of the Programme of Action of the
International Conference on Population and Development, set up by the
Secretary-General, be established on a permanent basis and be
accountable, through the Commission, for system-wide coordination and
that any other coordination mechanism be so accountable.

3.    In view of the increasing importance of intergovernmental
organizations, non-governmental organizations and international
financial institutions in population activities, they should be invited
to participate in the Conference monitoring and evaluation process to
the maximum extent possible.


                     A.  Proposed terms of reference

4.    The Commission on Population and Development shall assist the
Council by:

      (a) Arranging for studies and advising the Council on:

         (i)   Population issues and trends, including determinants and
               consequences;
        (ii)   Integrating population and development strategies;

       (iii)   Population and related development policies and
               programmes;

        (iv)   Provision of population assistance, upon request, to
               developing countries and, on a temporary basis, to
               countries with economies in transition;

         (v)   Any other population and development questions on which
               either the principal or the subsidiary organs of the
               United Nations or the specialized agencies may seek
               advice;

    (b)        Monitoring, reviewing and assessing the implementation
of the Programme of Action of the International Conference on
Population and Development at the national, regional and global levels,
identifying reasons for success and failure, and advising the Council
thereon.  Such considerations shall include:

        (i)    Adopting a topic-oriented and prioritized multi-year work
               programme, culminating in a quinquennial review and
               appraisal of the Programme of Action of the International
               Conference on Population and Development. That work
               programme, inter alia, will provide a framework to assess
               the progress achieved in the implementation of the
               Programme of Action;

        (ii)   Monitoring the implementation of the Programme of Action
               through periodic reports on population trends and
               policies, population programmes and population and
               related development activities;

        (iii)  Reviewing on a regular basis the flow of financial
               resources and the funding mechanisms to achieve the goals
               and objectives of the Programme of Action;

        (iv)   Undertaking a quinquennial review and appraisal of the
               progress made in achieving the goals and objectives of
               the Programme of Action and in implementing its
               recommendations, and reporting its findings to the
               Council;

        (v)    Maintaining and enhancing public attention and support
               for the implementation of the Programme of Action,
               through the dissemination of its monitoring, review and
               assessment reports in a concise and clear format;

        (vi)   Considering the reports of the meetings of inter-agency
               mechanisms established by the Secretary-General to ensure
               coordination, collaboration and harmonization in the
               implementation of the Programme of Action;

        (vii)  Considering reports on the activities of
               intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations for
               the implementation of the Programme of Action, in
               accordance with the arrangements adopted by the Economic
               and Social Council for consultation with those
               organizations;

    (c)        Providing appropriate recommendations to the Economic and
Social Council, on the basis of an integrated consideration of the
reports and issues related to the implementation of the Programme of
Action.


           B.  Membership, composition and term of office

                        C.  Duration of meetings

5.      The Commission on Population and Development shall meet once a
year, beginning in 1996, normally for a period of five working days.


         II.  SECRETARIAT SUPPORT, MANAGEMENT, INTER-AGENCY COORDINATION
              AND RESOURCE BASE

6.      The responsibility for the servicing of the Commission should
be with the Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Information
and Policy Analysis.  While the Population Division of the Department
for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis is the body
with the competency to cover the monitoring and appraisal of the broad
range of areas covered by the Programme of Action of the International
Conference on Population and Development, other United Nations bodies,
including the regional commissions, and agencies have the leading role
in critical areas of national, regional and programmatic implementation
of the Programme of Action and should be given appropriate
responsibility for providing the relevant information to enable the
Commission to make informed judgements about progress.  In particular,
it is essential that the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
collaborate closely with the Population Division in this regard.

7.      The Commission should continue to act as the governing body for
the Population Division.  A reassessment of priorities and internal
organization of the Division in response to the Programme of Action is
necessary.  Work in the Division on basic population trends, on the
evolution of population policies, on understanding links between
population and development and on the crucial underpinnings of
population estimates and projections will need to continue.

8.      The Population Division is in a unique position to access,
analyse and evaluate comparative international information and its
international staff play a crucial role in understanding global
population and development issues.  In doing so, the Division should
continue to take maximum advantage of relevant research work being
undertaken at universities, research centres and other institutions.

9.      In order to augment its own activities and better serve the
Commission, the Population Division should consider the establishment
of ad hoc working groups, in collaboration with relevant bodies of the
United Nations system, intergovernmental and non-governmental
organizations and international financial institutions.

10.     The Commission should address ways of ensuring that the
Population Division has adequate staff of high quality in specialist
areas.  A high-quality professional multidisciplinary team of
policy-oriented and informed researchers is required, inter alia, for
the Division's role in monitoring and appraisal of the International
Conference on Population and Development.  Increasing staff
effectiveness in the work programme and its execution is necessary for
success.

11.     The monitoring and appraisal of the implementation of the
Programme of Action has to be resourced at an appropriate level.

12.     All documentation should be kept concise, crisp and clear, with
a focus on relevant issues.  It must be available in all official
languages in accordance with the rules of the United Nations and in no
instance later than two weeks before the start of meetings.


                     III.  WORK PROGRAMME OF THE COMMISSION ON
                           POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT

                    Proposed agenda and documentation

        1.     Election of officers.

        2.     Adoption of the agenda and other organizational matters:

               (a)     Provisional agenda (E/CN.9/year/1);

               (b)     Organization of the work of the session
                       (E/CN.9/year/L.1).

        3.     Follow-up actions to the recommendations of the
               International Conference on Population and Development,
               1994:

        In the light of paragraph 4 (b) (i) above, calling for a topic-
        oriented and prioritized multi-year work programme, the
        following thematic calendar is proposed:

               1996:  Reproductive rights and reproductive health,
               including population information, education and
               communication (chap. 7, including relevant aspects of
               chaps. 4, 5, 8, 11 and 12);

               1997:  International migration, with special emphasis on
               the linkages between migration and development, and on
               gender issues and the family (chap. 10, with special
               emphasis on relevant aspects of chaps. 4, 5 and 12);

               1998:  Health and mortality, with special emphasis on the
               linkages between health and development, and on gender
               and age (chap. 8, with special emphasis on relevant
               aspects of chaps. 4, 5, 6 and 12);

               1999:  Population growth, structure and distribution,
               with special emphasis on sustained economic growth and
               sustainable development, including education (chaps. 3
               and 9 and relevant aspects of chaps. 4, 5, 6, 11 and 12).
               In addition, in 1999, the Commission will consider the
               quinquennial review and appraisal of the implementation
               of the Programme of Action (all chapters, see report (8)
               below).

        The following reports, (3), (4), (5), (6) and (7), will be
        prepared annually.  Report (8) will be prepared quinquennially.
        Reports (3), (4), (5) and (6) will focus on selected themes.
        Reports (7) and (8) will cover all aspects of the Programme of
        Action.  Based on experience, the status of reports (4), (5) and
        (6) and their relationship to report (3) will be reassessed with
        the aim of achieving a holistic, integrated monitoring of the
        implementation of the Programme of Action.

               (3)     World Population Monitoring.  This will be an
               annual report on a special set of themes of the Programme
               of Action.  Its preparation will be coordinated by the
               Population Division.  In their in-depth consideration of
               the annual set of themes, each of these reports could be
               structured so as to give adequate attention to, inter
               alia, the following items:  (a) issues and trends, with
               appropriate attention to progress to date, cross-cutting
               concerns and problems of different regions and
               subregions, including developing countries; (b) relevant
               policies, plans, programmes and activities of
               Governments, the United Nations system and non-
               governmental organizations, and what is known about
               their impact; (c) priority areas for future action; and
               (d) requirements for data, indicators and future
               research.  A concise summary of the report will be made
               available in all the official languages.

               (4)     Report of the Secretary-General on the monitoring
               of population programmes.  This report will review
               progress with respect to population programmes and
               related development activities.  In particular, it will
               focus on country-level implementation of the Programme
               of Action.  It is suggested that UNFPA coordinate the
               preparation of this report on an annual basis.

               (5)     Report of the Inter-Agency Task Force for the
               Implementation of the Programme of Action.  The General
               Assembly, in its resolution 49/128, called upon the
               organs and organizations of the United Nations system
               and the specialized agencies to undertake actions
               required to give full and effective support to the
               implementation of the Programme of Action (para. 10).
               It requested the specialized agencies and all related
               organizations of the United Nations system to review
               and, where necessary, adjust their programmes and
               activities in line with the Programme of Action and take
               appropriate measures to ensure its full and effective
               implementation, taking into account the specific needs
               of developing countries (para. 22).  It also requested
               the Council to consider the submission of
               recommendations to the Secretary-General regarding the
               establishment of an appropriate inter-agency
               coordination, collaboration and harmonization mechanism
               for the implementation of the Programme of Action (para.
               28 (c)).  At the request of the Secretary-General, the
               Administrator of the United Nations Development
               Programme asked the Executive Director of UNFPA, who
               served as Secretary-General of the International
               Conference on Population and Development, to convene and
               chair an inter-agency task force to develop a
               coordinated approach for the implementation of the
               Programme of Action.  It is the view of the Commission
               that the Task Force's work should be expanded to include
               migration issues.  This report would review progress and
               action of the Inter-Agency Task Force in ensuring
               system-wide collaboration in the implementation of the
               Programme of Action, with special emphasis on the theme
               of the year. It would also identify any areas where
               collaboration has met with difficulties.

               (6)     Report of the Secretary-General on the activities
               of intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations
               for the implementation of the Programme of Action of the
               International Conference on Population and Development.
               The format and modalities for the preparation of this
               report will be the subject of further discussions.

               (7)     Report of the Secretary-General on the flow of
               financial resources for assisting in the implementation
               of the Programme of Action.  This report has been
               requested by the General Assembly in its resolution
               49/128 (para. 18).  The proposed report would review and
               analyse the flow of financial resources for assisting in
               the implementation of the Programme of Action.  It would
               provide data on levels and trends in population
               assistance and would report on efforts undertaken among
               members of the donor community to fulfil recommendations
               specified in paragraph 14.11 of the Programme of Action.
               It would review the flow of financial resources and the
               funding mechanisms to achieve the goals and objectives
               of the Programme of Action.  It would also cover the
               results of the efforts made to exchange information on
               the requirements for international assistance among
               members of the donor community and other consultations
               held.  It is suggested that UNFPA coordinate the
               preparation of the report, taking into account the
               inputs of all member States and of relevant parts of the
               United Nations system and of intergovernmental and non-
               governmental organizations.

               (8)     Report of the Secretary-General on the review and
               appraisal of the Programme of Action of the
               International Conference on Population and Development.
               The General Assembly, in its resolution 49/128,
               requested the Council to consider a quinquennial review
               and appraisal of the progress made in achieving the goals
               and objectives of the Programme of Action.  A similar
               quinquennial assessment was requested by the World
               Population Conference, in 1974, as it has been the
               practice of major conferences organized by the United
               Nations.  The Population Division has coordinated the
               preparation of the quinquennial report for 1979, 1984,
               1989 and 1994, with the participation of all relevant
               units, bodies and organizations of the United Nations
               system, as well as selected intergovernmental and
               non-governmental organizations.

        4.     Programme questions:

               (9)     Report of the Secretary-General on progress of
               work in the field of population, [corresponding
               biennium] (including special technical studies as
               requested by the Commission).

               (10)    Note by the Secretary-General on proposed
               programme of work for the [corresponding biennium].
               Both reports, on the work accomplished during the
               previous biennium and on the proposed programme of work
               for the next biennium, refer exclusively to the
               activities of the Population Division and correspond to
               the specifications of the population programme that are
               contained in the corresponding medium-term plan.

        5.     Provisional agenda for the [next] session of the
               Commission:

               (11) Draft provisional agenda for the [next] session of
               the Commission on Population and Development.  At the end
               of each session, the Commission prepares a draft
               provisional agenda for its next session.  The draft
               provisional agenda is submitted to the Council, as part
               of the report of the Commission.  The Council, then,
               makes a decision on the proposed text and it is issued as
               the provisional agenda for the next session of the
               Commission.


                                Annex II

                VIEWS OF THE COMMISSION ON POPULATION AND
                   DEVELOPMENT ON PROGRAMME QUESTIONS


1.      The Commission has reviewed the work programme for the biennium
1996-1997.  It underlines the need for the work programme to take fully
into account the outcome of the International Conference on Population
and Development and forthcoming conferences and summits such as the
World Summit for Social Development, the Fourth World Conference on
Women and the Second United Nations Conference on Human Settlements
(Habitat II), and the ongoing consideration of an agenda for
development, as well as annex I to the present report.  It suggests that
the work programme:

        (a)    Continue to give high priority to the monitoring of
population trends and policies;

        (b)    Undertake biennial preparation of estimates and
projections of global, national, urban, rural and city populations,
including demographic indicators and age structure, in order to provide
internationally comparable data as the basis for policy and programme
formulation and implementation;

        (c)    Conduct studies on population and related development
policies;

        (d)    Prepare studies on interactions of population change,
including ageing and changing family structures, and social, economic
and environmental factors;

        (e)    Carry out analyses of mortality, in particular
differentials between population subgroups, including gender and age
differentials, and factors underlying such differentials;

        (f)    Contribute to and coordinate in-depth studies on
fertility and nuptiality and reproductive rights and health, including
family planning;

        (g)    Undertake studies to improve the understanding of the
causes and consequences of (i) internal migration and (ii)
international migration and to document trends and policies related to
migration;

        (h)    Disseminate information on and promote the understanding
of population and development issues;

        (i)    Utilize new communication and information technologies
to further strengthen and expand the Population Information Network
(POPIN) in order to increase public awareness and information exchange
on population and development issues;

        (j)    Make the necessary arrangements for coordinating the
review and appraisal of the Programme of Action;

        (k)    Provide technical cooperation support to developing
countries, particularly the least developed countries, and, on a
temporary basis, to countries with economies in transition in the light
of the economic and social problems these countries face at present;

        (l)    Ensure that all the above activities give due
consideration to gender-disaggregation, enhancing knowledge on the
position and role of gender in social and demographic processes.

2.      The Commission stressed that the Population Division should
continue to work closely with States, organizations of the United
Nations system, other intergovernmental organizations and
non-governmental organizations, as appropriate, in the implementation
of programmes.

3.      The Commission noted that the follow-up to the International
Conference on Population and Development would require the Population
Division to be involved in new work such as the elaboration of
reproductive health indicators and the interrelationship between
migration and development.  The Commission recommends the strengthening
of the Secretariat in the field of population, from within existing
resources, in order to ensure adequate preparation and support for the
Commission on Population and Development.




                                Annex III

                               ATTENDANCE


                                Members*

Bangladesh:            Syed Ahmed

Belgium:               R. L. Cliquet, Ronald Schoenmaeckers, M. Loriaux

Cameroon:

Canada:                Ruth Archibald, Claude Baillargeon, Pam Devine,
                       Daniele Testelin,  Marina Laker

China:                 Peng Yu, Cong Jun, Zhao Zhipei, Li Yong, Yang
                       Yanyi, Zhang Xiaoan

Colombia:              Julio Londono-Paredes, Rafael Echeverri, Rafael
                       Ramirez,           Magdalena Pinzon, Alexandra
                       Kling Mazuera

France:                Frederic Wormser, Jacques Veron, Laurent Contini

Germany:               Wolfgang Runge, Charlotte Hohn, Christian Helmut
                       Neumann, Jutta Schmitz

Honduras:

Hungary:               Andras Klinger, Andras Lakatos

India:                 V. K. Shunglu, Mitra Vasisht, T. V. Antony

Jamaica:               Pauline Knight

Japan:                 Makoto Atoh

Madagascar:            Jocelyne Lingaya, Martin Rakotonaivo, Claude
                       Randriamalala

Mexico:                Jose Gomez de Leon, Gerardo Lozano, Norberto
                       Terrazas

Netherlands:           J. Gierveld, E. J. N. Brouwers, A. de Jong

Nicaragua:             Erich Vilchez Asher, Grethel Vargas, Myrna Pena

Pakistan:              Abdul Hakim

Poland:                Jerzy Z. Holzer, Anna Raduchowska-Brochwicz

Russian
Federation:            Yevgeni B. Michaelov, Nikolai V. Chulkov, Yuri N.
                       Isakov,          Aleksandr A. Pankin, Igor A.
                       Alekseyev

Rwanda:

________________

* Cameroon, Honduras, Rwanda and Sudan were not represented at the
session.

Sudan:

Tunisia:               Abderrazak Azaiez

United Kingdom of Great
Britain and Northern Ireland:  Ann Grant, Robin Barnett, John Hobcraft,
                               David Pearce

United Republic of Tanzania:  D. N. Mwakawago, U. P. K. Tenende, Radhia
                              N. Msuya

United States of America:  Victor Marrero, Ellen Marshall, Judith
                           Banister,
                           Barbara Crane, Bisa Williams-Manigault,
                           Kathy A. Johnson


      States Members of the United Nations represented by observers

                       Algeria, Austria, Gambia, Italy, Malaysia,
Norway, Philippines, Portugal, Romania, South Africa, Spain, Turkey


               Non-member States represented by observers

                       Holy See, Switzerland


                       United Nations Secretariat

      Department of Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis
(Population Division and Statistical Division), Economic Commission
for Africa, Economic Commission for Europe, Economic Commission for
Latin America and the Caribbean, Economic and Social Commission for
Asia and the Pacific


                          United Nations bodies

      United Nations Population Fund


                          Specialized agencies

        International Labour Organization, Food and Agriculture
Organization of the United Nations, United Nations Educational,
Scientific and Cultural Organization, World Health Organization,
International Monetary Fund


                     Intergovernmental organizations

        League of Arab States, International Organization for Migration


                     Non-governmental organizations

        Category I:  International Confederation of Free Trade Unions

        Category II:  International Union for the Scientific Study of
Population

        Roster:  Population Communications International, National
Audubon Society


                                Annex IV

                 LIST OF DOCUMENTS BEFORE THE COMMISSION
                      AT ITS TWENTY-EIGHTH SESSION


Document number       Agenda item    Title or description

E/CN.9/1995/1               2        Provisional agenda

E/CN.9/1995/2               3        Concise report on the monitoring of
                                     world population trends and
                                     policies:  report of the Secretary-
                                     General

E/CN.9/1995/3               3        Monitoring of multilateral
                                     population assistance:  report of
                                     the Secretary-General

E/CN.9/1995/4               3        Activities of the United Nations
                                     Population Fund:  report of the
                                     Executive Director of the United
                                     Nations Population Fund

E/CN.9/1995/5               4        Implications of the
                                     recommendations of the
                                     International Conference on
                                     Population and Development for the
                                     work programme on population:
                                     report of the Secretary-General

E/CN.9/1995/6               5        Progress of work in the field of
                                     population, 1994:  Department for
                                     Economic and Social Information and
                                     Policy Analysis:  report of the
                                     Secretary-General

E/CN.9/1995/7               5        Programme of work in population for
                                     the biennium 1996-1997:  note by
                                     the Secretary-General

E/CN.9/1995/CRP.1           5        Proposed programme of work for the
                                     biennium 1996-1997:  population
                                     (Department for Economic and Social
                                     Information and Policy Analysis):
                                     note by the Secretary-General

E/CN.9/1995/L.1             2        Organization of the work of the
                                     session

E/CN.9/1995/L.2             4        Follow-up to the International
                                     Conference on Population and
                                     Development:  draft decision
                                     submitted by the Chairman

E/CN.9/1995/L.3 and Add.1   7        Draft report of the Commission on
                                     its twenty-eighth session

A/CONF.171/13 and Add.1     4        Report of the International
                                     Conference on Population and
                                     Development (Cairo, 5-13 September
                                     1994)                       

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