United Nations

E/1992/24
E/CN.6/1992/13


Commission on the Status of Women

 Distr. GENERAL
21 May 1992
ORIGINAL: ENGLISH






Substantive session of 1992



           REPORT OF THE COMMISSION ON THE STATUS OF WOMEN ON ITS
                            THIRTY-SIXTH SESSION*

                         (Vienna, 11-20 March 1992)


    *    The present document is a mimeographed version of the report of the
Commission on the Status of Women on its thirty-sixth session.  The final
report will be issued as Official Records of the Economic and Social Council,
1992, Supplement No. 4 (E/1992/24).



                                   SUMMARY


    At its thirty-sixth session, the Commission on the Status of Women
recommended seven draft resolutions and two draft decisions for adoption by
the Economic and Social Council.

    In draft resolution I, entitled "Improvement of the status of women in the
Secretariat", the Council would, inter/alia, strongly urge the
Secretary-General to increase the number of women in senior policy-level and
decision-making posts in order to achieve an overall participation rate of
35/per/cent by 1995, with 25/per/cent of that rate in posts at the D-1 level
and above.

    In draft resolution II, entitled "Women and children under apartheid", the
Council would, inter/alia, demand the immediate unconditional release of all
political prisoners and detainees, and request the Centre against Apartheid to
widen and strengthen its cooperation with the Division for the Advancement of
Women, with a view to creating specific programmes of assistance to South
African women to participate fully in the process of transition of their
country towards a non-racist democracy.

    In draft resolution III, entitled "Situation of and assistance to
Palestinian women", the Council would demand that Israel, the occupying power,
accept the de jure applicability of the Geneva Convention, demand an end to
the Israeli violation of human rights in the occupied Palestinian territory,
including an immediate halt to the Israeli settlement activities, and request
the Secretary-General to continue his efforts in monitoring the implementation
of the recommendations contained in the report of the mission of experts.

    In draft resolution IV, entitled "Convention on the Elimination of All
Forms of Discrimination against Women", the Council would propose that the
twelfth session of the Committee should be of three weeks' duration and
recommend that three weeks be allocated for each subsequent session until the
Committee removes its backlog in considering reports.

    In draft resolution V, entitled "Violence against women in all its forms",
the Council would call on Governments to recognize that the elimination of
violence against women is essential to the achievement of equality for women
and is a requirement for the full respect of human rights, and decide to
convene an inter-sessional working group of the Commission, open to all Member
States and observer States, to further develop a draft declaration on violence
against women, with a view to recommending a draft declaration to the General
Assembly through the Economic and Social Council.

    In draft resolution VI, entitled "Communications on the status of women",
the Council would reaffirm that the Commission on the Status of Women is
empowered to make recommendations to the Council on what action should be
taken on emerging trends and patterns of discrimination against women revealed
by such communications, and would request the Commission to consider, as
appropriate, ways of making the existing procedure for receiving and
considering communications more transparent and efficient.

    In draft resolution VII, entitled "Advancement of women and human rights",
the Council would call upon the Preparatory Committee for the World Conference
on Human Rights to take into account the existence of de facto as well as
de/jure discrimination, which continue to impede women's full enjoyment of
their economic, social and cultural rights, as well as their civil and
political rights, and would request the Commission to establish, during its
thirty-seventh session, an open-ended working group to consider its
contribution to the World Conference.

    In draft decisions I and II, the Council would take note of the
provisional agenda and documentation for the thirty-seventh session of the
Commission on the Status of Women and would approve the convening of four
additional meetings during the session for preparations for the Fourth World
Conference on Women:  Action for Equality, Development and Peace.

    The Commission also adopted eight resolutions.

    In resolution 36/1, entitled "Advancement of women and the family", the
Commission recommended to the Commission for Social Development that it take
into account a number of elements when preparing for the 1994 International
Year of the Family.

    In resolution 36/2, entitled "Inclusion of the question of women in the
agendas of forthcoming international meetings", the Commission recommended to
Member States that they include the question of women in the agendas of the
World Conference on Human Rights and the International Conference on
Population and Development, to be held in 1993 and 1994 respectively.

    In resolution 36/3, entitled "Women in decision-making bodies", the
Commission urged Governments to appoint women to all executive decision-making
bodies and requested the Secretary-General to disseminate information on the
composition of high-level decision-making bodies at the national level,
regional and international levels, disaggregated by sex.

    In resolution 36/4, entitled "Integration of elderly women into
development", the Commission invited the competent organs of the United
Nations to adopt an approach that would take into account all stages of life;
requested the Preparatory Committee for the World Conference on Human Rights
and the International Conference on Population and Development to include in
their respective agendas discrimination on grounds of age and sex and the
situation of elderly women and their integration in development.

    In resolution 36/5, entitled "Women and development", the Commission urged
Governments to foster women's full participation in all areas of development.

    In resolution 36/6, entitled "Women and the environment", the Commission,
inter/alia, urged Governments to adopt laws, policies and programmes to
promote women's participation in the preservation of the environment and
requested the Preparatory Committee for the United Nations Conference on
Environment and Development at its fourth session to give full and substantive
consideration to the recommendations of the Commission concerning women and 
the environment, in accordance with General Assembly resolution 46/167.

    In resolution 36/7, entitled "Advancement of women and acts of terrorism
against women", the Commission strongly condemned the acts of violence
perpetrated by armed groups and by drug traffickers who terrorize and threaten
the safety and lives of women.

    In resolution 36/8, entitled "Preparations for the Fourth World Conference
on Women:  Action for Equality, Development and Peace", the Commission decided
to accept the offer of the Government of China to act as host for the
Conference, and also decided that the Conference should be of a duration of 10
working days, and should be held at Beijing from 4 to 15/September/1995.  The
Commission made recommendations regarding participation in the Conference,
recommended that the Secretary-General appoint a woman as Secretary-General of
the Conference, not later than 1992, and also recommended the staff for the
Conference include persons from the developing countries.  The Commission also
recommended items for inclusion in the agenda of the Conference and outline
reports to be prepared for the Conference as well as draft rules of procedure
for consideration by the Commission at its thirty-seventh session.  The
Commission also made recommendations for the preparatory process of the
Conference at the national and regional levels, as well as for the
non-governmental organizations forum.  The Commission requested the Economic
and Social Council to reconsider the budget envisaged for the Conference.



                                  CONTENTS

Chapter                                                       Paragraphs  Page

I.  MATTERS CALLING FOR ACTION BY THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL
    COUNCIL OR BROUGHT TO ITS ATTENTION ................         1 - 3      8

    A.  Draft resolutions ..............................           1        8

        I.  Improvement of the status of women in the
            Secretariat ................................                    8

       II.  Women and children under apartheid .........                    9

      III.  Situation of and assistance to Palestinian
            women ......................................                   12

       IV.  Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of
            Discrimination against Women ...............                   13

        V.  Violence against women in all its forms ....                   14

       VI.  Communications on the status of women ......                   16

      VII.  Advancement of women and human rights ......                   18

    B.  Draft decisions ................................            2      20

        I.  Report of the Commission on the Status of Women
            on its thirty-sixth session and provisional
            agenda and documentation for the thirty-seventh
            session of the Commission ..................                   20

       II.  Request for additional conference facilities
            during the thirty-seventh session of the
            Commission on the Status of Women ..........                   23

    C.  Resolutions of the Commission brought to the
        attention of the Council .......................            3      23

        36/1.  Advancement of women and the family .....                   23

        36/2.  Inclusion of the question of women in the
               agendas of forthcoming international meetings ...           24

        36/3.  Women in decision-making bodies ..........                  25

        36/4.  Integration of elderly women into development ...           26

        36/5.  Women and development ....................                  29

        36/6.  Women and the environment ................                  32

        36/7.  Advancement of women and acts of terrorism against
              women ........................................               34

        36/8.  Preparations for the Fourth World Conference on Women:
              Action for Equality, Development and Peace ...               35

  II.   PROGRAMMING AND COORDINATION MATTERS RELATED TO THE
        UNITED NATIONS AND THE UNITED NATIONS SYSTEM .......    4 - 15     43

 III.   MONITORING THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NAIROBI
        FORWARD-LOOKING STRATEGIES FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF
        WOMEN ..............................................   16 - 68     47

  IV.   PRIORITY THEMES ....................................   69 - 128    62

    A.  Equality:  Elimination of de jure and de facto
        discrimination against women .......................   71 - 78     62

    B.  Development ........................................   79 - 92     64

        1.     Integration of women in the process of
               development ................................    79 - 83     64

        2.     Women and the environment ..................    84 - 92     65

    C.  Peace:  Equal participation in all efforts to
        promote international cooperation, peace and
        disarmament .......................................    93 - 100    66

   V.   PREPARATIONS FOR THE FOURTH WORLD CONFERENCE ON
        WOMEN:  ACTION FOR EQUALITY, DEVELOPMENT AND PEACE .. 129 - 149    77

  VI.   PROVISIONAL AGENDA FOR THE THIRTY-SEVENTH SESSION OF
        THE COMMISSION ...................................    150 - 155    89

 VII.   ADOPTION OF THE REPORT OF THE COMMISSION ON ITS
        THIRTY-SIXTH SESSION .............................       156       90

VIII.   ORGANIZATION OF THE SESSION ......................    157 - 168    91

    A.  Opening and duration of the session .............     157 - 159    91

    B.  Attendance ......................................        160       91

    C.  Election of officers ............................        161       91

    D.  Agenda and organization of work .................     162 - 163    92

    E.  Appointment of the members of the Working Group
        on Communications ...............................        164       92

    F.  Friends of the Rapporteur .........................      165       93

    G.  Consultation with non-governmental organizations ..      166       93

                                   * * * 
        Situation in South Africa .........................   167 - 168    93

                                   Annexes

 I. ATTENDANCE ............................................                95

II. LIST OF DOCUMENTS BEFORE THE COMMISSION AT ITS
    THIRTY-SIXTH SESSION ..................................               100


                                  Chapter I


        MATTERS CALLING FOR ACTION BY THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL
                         OR BROUGHT TO ITS ATTENTION


                            A.  Draft resolutions

1.  The Commission on the Status of Women recommends to the Economic and
Social Council the adoption of the following draft resolutions:


                             DRAFT RESOLUTION I

           Improvement of the status of women in the Secretariat*

    *   For the discussion, see chap. II.


    The Economic and Social Council,

    Recalling Articles 8 and 101 of the Charter of the United/Nations, and
recalling also the Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies for the Advancement of
Women,/1/ in particular paragraphs 79, 306, 315, 356 and 358, in which
importance is attached to the appointment of women in the Secretariat at
senior decision-making and managerial levels,

    Recalling also the relevant resolutions and decisions of the General
Assembly, the Economic and Social Council and other bodies that have been
adopted since Assembly resolution 2715 (XXV) of 15 December 1970, in which the
question of the employment of women in the Professional category was first
addressed,

    Noting with concern that the goal of a 30 per cent participation rate of
women in posts subject to geographical distribution by the end of 1990 had not
been achieved by the end of 1991,

    Bearing in mind the goal of achieving by 1995 an overall participation
rate of women of 35 per cent of all posts subject to geographical
distribution, set by the General Assembly in resolutions 45/125 of
14/December/1990 and 45/239 C of 21/December 1990, and a participation rate of
women in posts at the D-1 level and above, set by the Assembly in resolution
45/239 C, at 25 per cent of the total within the overall participation rate of
women of 35 per cent in posts subject to geographical distribution,

    Also bearing in mind that a visible commitment of the Secretary-General is
essential to the achievement of the targets set by the General Assembly of an
overall participation rate of women of 35 per cent, and, at the D-1 level and
above, of 25 per cent by 1995,

    Welcoming the progress report of the Secretary-General concerning the
comprehensive study of the barriers to the advancement of women and elements
of the action programme for the advancement of women in the Secretariat for
the period 1991-1995,/2/

    1.  Strongly urges the Secretary-General to increase the number of women
in posts subject to geographical distribution, particularly in senior
policy-level and decision-making posts, in order to achieve an overall
participation rate of 35/per/cent by 1995, and a goal of 25/per/cent of the
total within the overall participation rate of 35 per cent in posts at the D-1
level and above, taking into consideration the need to increase the
representation of women from countries with a low or no representation of
women, especially from the developing countries;

    2.  Urges the Secretary-General to appoint women to senior policy-level
and decision-making posts in his next appointments, and to achieve the targets
set for the Secretariat by 1995;

    3.  Urges the Secretary-General to ensure that achievement of these goals
will not be impeded by the temporary suspension of regular recruitment imposed
in the context of the current restructuring;

    4.  Calls upon all Member States to contribute fully to increasing the
participation rate of women in the Professional category and above throughout
the United Nations system by, inter alia, nominating more women candidates,
especially for senior policy-level and decision-making posts:  encouraging
women to apply for vacant posts and by creating national rosters of women
candidates to be shared with the Secretariat and the executive bodies of the
specialized agencies and related organizations, taking into consideration the
need to increase the representation of women from countries with a low or no
representation of women, especially from the developing countries;

    5.  Recommends that all organizations of the United Nations system accord
priority to increasing the numbers of women in Professional and senior
policy-level and decision-making posts to achieve the same targets set for the
Secretariat by 1995;

    6.  Welcomes the decision of the Secretary-General to regularize the post
of Focal Point in the Office of the Assistant Secretary-General for Human
Resources Management, as well as the establishment of an additional General
Service post to assist her;

    7.  Requests the Secretary-General to ensure that the findings of the
comprehensive study of the barriers to the advancement of women and a full
action programme for the advancement of women in the Secretariat for the
period 1991-1995 are submitted to the General Assembly at its forty-seventh
session;

    8.  Further requests the Secretary-General to ensure that his annual
report on the status of women in the Secretariat includes strategies and
modalities for implementing the action programme and the relevant mandates
adopted by the General Assembly and the Economic and Social Council, and to
submit the report to the Commission on the Status of Women at its
thirty-seventh session and to the General Assembly at its forty-seventh
session, as well as to those bodies that have administrative, budgetary and
personnel responsibilities for the improvement of the status of women in the
Secretariat.


                             DRAFT RESOLUTION II

                     Women and children under apartheid*

    *   For the discussion, see chap. III.

    The Economic and Social Council,

    Recalling its resolution 1991/20 of 30 May 1991,

    Reaffirming the provisions of the Declaration on Apartheid and its
Destructive Consequences in Southern Africa, contained in the annex to General
Assembly resolution/S-16/1 of 14/December/1989,

    Recalling General Assembly resolution/46/79 of 13/December/1991,

    Alarmed by the grave socio-economic deprivation to which the majority of
the people, especially the women and children, are subjected as a direct
consequence of apartheid,

    Deeply concerned about the alleged State complicity in politically
motivated violence that has to date claimed thousands of lives and has left
hundreds of thousands homeless, the majority of whom are women and children,

    Noting the positive changes initiated by the South African authorities
aimed at dismantling apartheid, which were the result of the relentless
struggle waged by the people of South Africa as well as the pressure exerted
by the international community,

    Noting with satisfaction the signing of the National Peace Accord in
September/1991 and the convening of the Convention for a Democratic South
Africa in December/1991, and expressing the hope that this will constitute a
major contribution towards the final ending of violence in South/Africa,

    Welcoming the holding of the Convention for a Democratic South/Africa as
an attempt to resolve the problems of South Africa by peaceful means as
envisaged in the Declaration on Apartheid,

    Recognizing that the equality of women and men cannot be achieved without
the success of the struggle towards a united, non-racist, non-sexist and
democratic South Africa,

    Aware of the attention given by the United/Nations and particularly its
Centre against Apartheid and the Division for the Advancement of Women to the
issue of assisting South African women to participate fully in the process of
establishing a non-racist democracy in their country,

    1.  Commends those women both inside and outside South Africa who have
resisted oppression and have remained steadfast in their opposition to
apartheid;

    2.  Demands the immediate unconditional release of all political prisoners
and detainees, among whom are women and children, in accordance with the
undertaking of the South African authorities;

    3.  Urges those involved in the Convention for a Democratic South/Africa
to place high on their agenda issues concerning women such as freedom, justice
and equality, development and the environment;

    4.  Also urges the South African authorities to ratify the Convention on
the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, adopted by the
General Assembly in its resolution/34/180, annex, of 18/December/1979, at the
earliest possible opportunity;

    5.  Appeals to all countries and United/Nations bodies, in conformity with
General Assembly resolution/46/79 and in consultation with liberation
movements, to increase their support for educational, health, vocational
training and employment opportunities for women and children under apartheid;

    6.  Requests the Centre against Apartheid to widen and strengthen its
cooperation with the Division for the Advancement of Women, with a view to
creating specific programmes of assistance to South African women to
participate fully in the process of transition of their country towards a
non-racist democracy;

    7.  Appeals to the international community to give its full and concerted
support to the vulnerable and critical process now under way in South Africa
through a phased application of appropriate pressures on the South African
authorities as warranted by developments, and to provide assistance to the
opponents of apartheid and the disadvantaged sectors of society in order to
ensure the rapid and peaceful attainment of the objectives of the Declaration
on Apartheid and its Destructive Consequences in Southern Africa;

    8.  Decides to remain seized of the issue of women and children living
under apartheid;

    9.  Requests the Secretary-General to submit a report on the
implementation of the present resolution to the Commission on the Status of
Women at its thirty-seventh session.



                            DRAFT RESOLUTION III

              Situation of and assistance to Palestinian women*

    *   For the discussion, see chap. III.

    The Economic and Social Council,

    Having considered the reports of the Secretary-General/3/ and the notes by
the Secretary-General/4/ concerning the situation of Palestinian women living
inside and outside the occupied Palestinian territory,

    Recalling the Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies for the Advancement of
Women,/5/ in particular paragraph 260 thereof,

    Recalling also its resolutions 1988/25 of 26 May 1988, 1989/34 of
24/May/1989, 1990/11 of 24/May 1990 and 1991/19 of 30/May 1991,

    Deeply alarmed by the deteriorating condition of Palestinian women and
children in the occupied Palestinian territory, including Jerusalem, as a
result of the continued Israeli violation of Palestinian human rights and
oppressive measures, including collective punishments, curfews, demolition of
houses, closure of schools and universities, deportation, confiscation of land
and settlement activities, which are illegal, and controversies over the
relevant provisions of the Geneva Convention relevant to the Protection of
Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 12 August 1949,/6/

    1.  Reaffirms that the basic improvement of the living conditions of the
Palestinian women, their advancement, full equality and self-reliance, can
only be achieved by an end to the Israeli occupation and the attainment of the
inalienable rights of the Palestinian people;

    2.  Demands that Israel, the occupying power, accept the de jure
applicability of the Geneva Convention relevant to the Protection of Civilian
Persons in Time of War, of 12 August 1949, to the occupied Palestinian
territory, including Jerusalem, and to respect the Convention provisions;

    3.  Also demands an end to the Israeli violation of human rights in the
occupied Palestinian territory, including an immediate halt to the Israeli
settlement activities that have harmful effects on Palestinian women and their
families;

    4.  Calls upon governmental, non-governmental and intergovernmental
organizations, including organizations of the United Nations system, to assist
Palestinian women in the occupied Palestinian territory in developing
small-scale industry and creating vocational training and legal consultation
centres;

    5.  Requests the Commission on the Status of Women to monitor the
implementation of the Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies for the Advancement
of Women, in particular paragraph 260 concerning assistance to Palestinian
women;

    6.  Requests the Secretary-General to continue his efforts in monitoring
the implementation of the recommendations contained in the report of the
mission of experts to Jordan and the Syrian Arab Republic to investigate the
condition of Palestinian women and children/7/ in order to improve the
condition of Palestinian women and children;

    7.  Also requests the Secretary-General to review the situation of
Palestinian women and children in the occupied Palestinian territory and in
the refugee camps, and to submit a report to the Commission on the Status of
Women at its thirty-seventh session, using all available sources.


                             DRAFT RESOLUTION IV

                Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of
                        Discrimination against Women*

    *   For the discussion, see chap. III.

    The Economic and Social Council,

    Welcoming the fact that there are now 112 States parties to the Convention
on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women,/8/

    Noting the importance of the monitoring function of the Committee on the
Elimination of Discrimination against Women, as demonstrated most recently in
its general recommendation 19 on violence against women, adopted at its
eleventh session,/9/

    Recalling its resolution 1991/25 of 30 May 1991 and other relevant
resolutions adopted by the General Assembly and the Economic and Social
Council relating to support for the Committee,

    Concerned that the duration of the annual session of the Committee, which
is considerably less than that of other treaty bodies, has prevented the
timely consideration by the Committee of many of the reports submitted to it
by States parties,

    Noting with concern that the Convention is the human rights instrument
with the most reservations, and welcoming the decision by a number of States
parties to withdraw their reservations to the Convention,

    1.  Supports the request of the Committee on the Elimination of
Discrimination against Women for additional meeting time and also supports the
proposal that the twelfth session of the Committee should be of three weeks'
duration;  

    2.  Recommends that three weeks be allocated for each subsequent session
until the Committee removes its backlog in considering reports;

    3.  Strongly supports general recommendation 19 on violence against women
adopted by the Committee at its eleventh session, and calls on States parties
to prepare their reports in accordance with this and other general
recommendations of the Committee;

    4.  Welcomes other general recommendations adopted by the Committee at its
previous sessions;

    5.  Urges the Secretary-General to continue to widely publicize the
decisions and recommendations of the Committee.


                             DRAFT RESOLUTION V

                  Violence against women in all its forms*

    *   For the discussion, see chap. III.

    The Economic and Social Council,

    Recalling its resolution 1991/18 of 30 May 1991, in which it requested
that an expert group meeting be held to address the issue of violence against
women and to discuss the possibilities of preparing an international
instrument on this subject and the elements to be contained therein,

    Bearing in mind that the Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies for the
Advancement of Women/10/ identify violence against women as a major obstacle
to the achievement of the objectives of the United Nations Decade for Women: 
Equality, Development and Peace,

    Noting that, in general recommendation 19, adopted by the Committee on the
Elimination of Discrimination against Women at its eleventh session,/11/ the
Committee recognized that gender-based violence was a form of discrimination
that seriously inhibited the ability of women to enjoy rights and freedoms on
a basis of equality with men,

    Noting also the response of the Committee to the report of the
Secretary-General on violence against women in all its forms,/12/ the annex to
which contained the recommendations and a summary of the discussion of the
Expert Group Meeting on Violence against Women, held at Vienna from 11 to
15/November/1991,

    1.  Calls on Governments to recognize that the elimination of violence
against women is essential to the achievement of equality for women and is a
requirement for the full respect of human rights;

    2.  Urges Member States to adopt, strengthen and enforce legislation
prohibiting violence against women and to take all appropriate administrative,
social and educational measures to protect women from all forms of physical
and mental violence, in accordance with its resolution/1991/18;

    3.  Calls on States parties to the Convention on the Elimination of All
Forms of Discrimination against Women/13/ to take the steps necessary to
implement general recommendation/19, adopted by the Committee on the
Elimination of Discrimination against Women at its eleventh session;

    4.  Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General on violence against
women in all its forms;

    5.  Decides to convene an inter-sessional working group of the Commission
on the Status of Women, open to all Member States and observer States, to
further develop a draft declaration on violence against women, taking into
account the draft declaration contained in the annex to the report of the
Secretary-General and to report to the Commission, at its thirty-seventh
session, with a view to recommending a draft declaration to the General
Assembly through the Economic and Social Council;

    6.  Requests Governments, international organizations, non-governmental
organizations, other relevant bodies and academics to continue to undertake
research into the causes of violence against women;

    7.  Urges Governments to address violence against women at the Fourth
World Conference on Women:  Action for Equality, Development and Peace, to be
held in 1995, as one of the major obstacles to women's advancement.



                             DRAFT RESOLUTION VI

                   Communications on the status of women*

    *   For the discussion, see chap. III.

    The Economic and Social Council,

    Recalling its resolutions 76 (V) of 5 August 1947 and 304 I (XI) of 14/and
17/July 1950, which form the basis for the mandate of the Commission on the
Status of Women to receive at each of its regular sessions a list of
confidential and non-confidential communications relating to the status of
women,

    Taking into consideration its resolution 1983/27 of 26/May/1983, in which
it reaffirmed the mandate of the Commission to consider confidential and
non-confidential communications on the status of women and authorized the
Commission to appoint a working group to consider communications, with a view
to bringing to the attention of the Commission those communications, including
the replies of Governments, which appear to reveal a consistent pattern of
reliably attested injustice and discriminatory practices against women,

    Reaffirming that discrimination against women is incompatible with human
dignity and that women and men should participate on the basis of equality,
irrespective of race or creed, in the social, economic and political processes
of their countries,

    Recalling its resolution 1990/8 of 24/May/1990, by which it requested the
Secretary-General to examine, in consultation with Governments, the existing
mechanisms for communications on the status of women, in order to ensure that
such communications receive effective and appropriately coordinated
consideration in view of the role of communications in the work of the
Commission, and to report thereon to the Commission at its thirty-fifth
session,

    Taking note of the report of the Secretary-General on examining existing
mechanisms for communications on the status of women,/14/ and the various
views expressed by Governments,

    Noting the conclusion of the Working Group on Communications, in its
report to the Commission at its thirty-fifth session/15/ that, while the
communications procedure provided a valuable source of information on the
effects of discrimination on the lives of women, it should be improved to make
it more efficient and useful, and that clear criteria for receiving
communications should be given,

    1.  Reaffirms that the Commission on the Status of Women is empowered to
make recommendations to the Economic and Social Council on what action should
be taken on emerging trends and patterns of discrimination against women
revealed by such communications;

    2.  Requests the Secretary-General to publicize widely among international
and national organizations, in particular women's groups, the existence and
scope of the communication mechanisms of the Commission;

    3.  Further requests the Secretary-General to support the activities of
the Commission with regard to its consideration of communications and to
ensure proper coordination of the activities of the Commission in this area
and those of the other bodies of the Council, by taking the following action:

    (a) Ensuring that the Division for the Advancement of Women of the
United/Nations/Office at Vienna and the Centre for Human Rights coordinate
closely so that all communications received are sent as soon as possible to
the appropriate United/Nations body and to each concerned Member State, and
that the respective offices are informed of the disposition of the
communications;

    (b) Encouraging the specialized agencies of the United/Nations to provide
to the Commission, through the Division for the Advancement of Women,
communications or other information in their possession that is relevant to
discrimination against women;

    (c) Making available to authors of communications any recommendations by
the Commission to the Council on situations brought to the attention of the
Commission by the Working Group on Communications;

    4.  Reaffirms that the consideration by the Commission of the
communications shall remain confidential until such time as the Commission may
decide to make recommendations to the Council;

    5.  Requests the Commission, in order to avoid duplication of work, to
determine whether a trend or pattern of discrimination against women revealed
by communications should be brought to the attention of another United/Nations
body or specialized agency that might be better able to take appropriate
action;

    6.  Further requests the Commission to consider, as appropriate, ways of
making the existing procedure for receiving and considering communications,
including the standard of admissibility, more transparent and efficient,
taking into account the report of the Secretary-General on examining
mechanisms for communications on the status of women,/14/ which was submitted
to the Commission at its thirty-fifth session;

    7.  Requests the Secretary-General to ensure that any costs resulting from
the activities set out in the present resolution are kept to a minimum and
that the activities are carried out within existing resources.


                            DRAFT RESOLUTION VII

                   Advancement of women and human rights*

    *   For the discussion, see chap. IV.

    The Economic and Social Council,

    Recalling General Assembly resolution/45/155 of 18 December 1990, in which
it was decided to convene a World Conference on Human Rights in 1993 and to
establish a Preparatory Committee for it,

    Noting that the General Assembly, in resolution/46/116 of
17/December/1991, requested concerned United/Nations bodies and specialized
agencies, among others, to submit recommendations on the World Conference to
the Preparatory Committee for the Conference,

    Also noting General Assembly resolution 46/98 of 16/December/1991, in
particular paragraph/8 thereof,

    Bearing in mind its resolution 1990/15 of 24/May/1990, in which it
approved the recommendations and conclusions arising from the first review and
appraisal of the implementation of the Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies for
the Advancement of Women annexed to that resolution, and in particular those
related to the maintenance of de/facto discrimination, which prevents women
from achieving effective equality,

    Taking into account the fact that the Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies
for the Advancement of Women/16/ have identified violence against women as one
of the major obstacles to the achievement of the objectives of the
United/Nations Decade for Women:  Equality, Development and Peace,

    Welcoming general recommendation/19, adopted by the Committee on the
Elimination of Discrimination against Women at its eleventh session,/17/ and
the recommendations of the Expert Group Meeting on Violence against Women,
held at Vienna from 11 to 15 November/1991,/18/

    Affirming that various forms of violence against women are violations of
human rights,

    1.  Calls upon the Preparatory Committee for the World Conference on Human
Rights, when preparing the agenda and studies for the World Conference, to
take into account the existence of de/facto as well as de/jure discrimination,
which continue to impede women's full enjoyment of their economic, social and
cultural rights, as well as their civil and political rights;

    2.  Further calls upon the Preparatory Committee, in preparing for the
examination by the World Conference of the main obstacles to the
implementation of international human rights instruments, to pay adequate
attention to the global problem of violence against women;

    3.  Invites the Centre for Human Rights and Member States, in preparing
for the World Conference, to make use of gender disaggregated data, which
identify situations of inequality between women and men;

    4.  Requests the Secretary-General, in accordance with General Assembly
resolution/46/98, to guarantee the participation of the secretariats of the
Commission on the Status of Women and the Committee on the Elimination of
Discrimination against Women in the preparatory process for the World
Conference as well as in the Conference itself;

    5.  Requests the Division for the Advancement of Women, as the secretariat
of the Commission, to report to the Commission, at its thirty-seventh session,
on the state of the preparatory process for the World Conference and the
related activities of the Division, in accordance with General Assembly
resolution/46/98;

    6.  Requests the Commission to establish, during its thirty-seventh
session, an open-ended working group to consider its contribution to the World
Conference;

    7.  Urges Member States to consider, when preparing for the World
Conference at the national level, to integrate fully into the scope of the
Conference issues related to women's rights, and to respect the principle of
equal participation of women and men in their delegations.



                             B.  Draft decisions

2.  The Commission on the Status of Women recommends to the Economic and
Social Council the adoption of the following draft decisions:


                              DRAFT DECISION I

           Report of the Commission on the Status of Women on its
           thirty-sixth session and provisional agenda and
           documentation for the thirty-seventh session of the
                                 Commission*

    *   for the discussion, see chap. VI.

    The Economic and Social Council takes note of the report of the Commission
on the Status of Women on its thirty-sixth session and approves the
provisional agenda for the thirty-seventh session of the Commission, set out
below, and the relevant documentation:


         PROVISIONAL AGENDA AND DOCUMENTATION FOR THE THIRTY-SEVENTH
              SESSION OF THE COMMISSION ON THE STATUS OF WOMEN

    1.  Election of officers.

        (Legislative authority:  rule 15 of the rules of procedure of the
        functional commissions of the Economic and Social Council)

    2.  Adoption of the agenda and other organizational matters.

        (Legislative authority:  Economic and Social Council resolution
        1894/(LVII); rules/5 and 7 of the rules of procedure of the functional
        commissions of the Council)

    3.  Programming and coordination matters related to the United Nations and
        the United Nations system.

        (Legislative authority:  Programme planning regulation/4.12; General
        Assembly resolution/46/100; Economic and Social Council resolutions
        1988/60, 1989/30, 1989/105)

        Documentation

        Report of the Secretary-General containing updated information on the
        status of women in the Secretariat

        Report of the Secretary-General on the preparation of the system-wide
        medium-term plan for the advancement of women for the period 1996-2000

        Note by the Secretariat on programme proposals for the biennium
        1994-1995

        For information

        Report of the Secretary-General on the status of women in the
        Secretariat/(A/47/...)

    4.  Monitoring the implementation of the Nairobi Forward-looking
        Strategies for the Advancement of Women

        (Legislative authority:  General Assembly resolutions/40/108, 41/111,
        42/62, 43/101, 44/77, 45/124, 45/129; Economic and Social Council
        resolutions/1988/22, 1990/5, 1990/15; Commission on the Status of
        Women resolution/34/1)

        Documentation

        Report of the Secretary-General on the preliminary version of the
        update of the World Survey on the Role of Women in Development

        Report of the Secretary-General on statistical indicators relating to
        the implementation of the Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies for the
        Advancement of Women

        Report of the Secretary-General on the situation of and assistance to
        Palestinian women

        Report of the Secretary-General on women and children under apartheid

        Report of the Secretary-General on violence against women

        Report of the Secretary-General on women and the United Nations Decade
        against Drug Abuse

        Report of the Secretariat on activities related to preparations for
        the World Conference on Human Rights

        Note by the Secretary-General transmitting a list of confidential and
        non-confidential communications concerning the status of women

        For information

        Report of the Secretary-General on the implementation of the Nairobi
        Forward-looking Strategies for the Advancement of Women/(A/47/...)

        Report of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against
        Women on its eleventh session (A/47/38)

        Report of the Secretary-General on the status of the Convention on the
        Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women/(A/47/...)

    5.  Priority themes:

        (Legislative authority:  Economic and Social Council resolution
        1990/15)

        (a)    Equality:  Increased awareness by women of their rights,
               including legal literacy

        (b)    Development:  Women in extreme poverty:  integration of women's
               concerns in national development planning

        (c)    Peace:  Women and the peace process

        Documentation

        Report of the Secretary-General on increased awareness by women of
        their rights, including legal literacy

        Report of the Secretary-General on women in extreme poverty: 
        integration of women's concerns in national development planning

        Report of the Secretary-General on women and the peace process

    6.  Preparations for the Fourth World Conference on Women:  Action for
        Equality, Development and Peace

        (Legislative authority:  General Assembly resolutions/45/129, 46/98;
        Economic and Social Council resolutions 1987/20, 1990/9, 1990/12,
        1990/15; Commission on the Status of Women resolution/35/4)

        Documentation

        Report of the Secretary-General on preparations for the Fourth World
        Conference on Women:  Action for Equality, Development and Peace

        Report of the Secretary-General on a first draft that will serve as a
        working document for the elaboration of the Platform for Action

        Report of the Secretary-General on the outline and contents of the
        second report on the implementation of the Nairobi Forward-looking
        Strategies

        Report of the Secretary-General on the planning and implementation of
        the information campaign

    7.  Provisional agenda for the thirty-eighth session of the Commission

    8.  Adoption of the report of the Commission on its thirty-seventh session



                              DRAFT DECISION II

          Request for additional conference facilities during the
          thirty-seventh session of the Commission on the Status
                                  of Women*

    *   For the discussion, see chap. VI. 

    The Economic and Social Council decides to approve the convening of four
additional meetings, with interpretation services, to be held simultaneously
with the plenary meetings of the Commission on the Status of Women during its
thirty-seventh session, for the purpose of considering, in informal meetings,
the preparations for the Fourth World Conference on Women:  Action for
Equality, Development and Peace.


         C.  Resolutions of the Commission brought to the attention
               of the Council

3.  The following resolutions adopted by the Commission are brought to the
attention of the Council:


           Resolution 36/1.  Advancement of women and the family**

    **  For the discussion, see chap. III.


    The Commission on the Status of Women,

    Recalling its resolution 34/7 of 8 March 1990, in which the Commission
decided to give further consideration to the question of the International
Year of the Family at subsequent sessions,

    Recommends to the Commission on Social Development that the following
elements be taken into account at its thirty-third session when preparing for
the 1994 International Year of the Family:

    (a) That families are changing systems of relationships between
individuals, and that society and policies must therefore be responsive and
receptive to their needs;

    (b) That individual rights of women and men should be respected equally
and they should have equal opportunities to assert those rights;

    (c) That, as regards equality of women and men, the concept of equality
must be understood as expressed in the Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies for
the Advancement of Women/19/ and in the Convention on the Elimination of All
Forms of Discrimination against Women,/20/ and must be taken into account in
all policies and programmes for the International Year of the Family;

    (d) That it is vital for women to participate in decision-making at all
levels and spheres, in particular with regard to the formulation of family
policies;

    (e) That violence in families violates human rights, especially those of
women and children;

    (f) That the need to develop communication skills and positive attitudes
towards truly equal partnership should be emphasized;

    (g) That the raising and upbringing of new generations in families are not
only the responsibilities of women, but also of men, who should play their
role as equal responsible partners;

    (h) That, bearing in mind the needs of workers with family
responsibilities, Governments and other appropriate bodies should introduce
appropriate measures to assist the reconciliation between family and working
responsibilities, whether paid or unpaid;

    (i) That family policies should take into account the findings of
gender-sensitive research, based on information gathered from all family
members;

    (j) That the planning of activities and programmes for the
International/Year of the Family should be elaborated and implemented at
international, regional and national levels in close cooperation with the
existing mechanisms for the advancement of women and interested women's
non-governmental organizations.


       Resolution 36/2.  Inclusion of the question of women in the
                        agendas of forthcoming international
                          meetings*

    *   For the discussion, see chap. III.

    The Commission on the Status of Women,

    Considering that, in accordance with General Assembly resolution/45/129 of
14 December 1990, the Fourth World Conference on Women:  Action for Equality,
Development and Peace, which will examine the main obstacles that account for
the persistence of inequality and discrimination affecting women, is to be
held in 1995, 

    Recognizing that the manifestations of inequality and discrimination are
present in the main themes that are of fundamental interest to the
United/Nations,

    Recalling the need for system-wide institutional coordination on issues
relating to women, as indicated in paragraphs 338 to 344 of the Nairobi
Forward-looking Strategies for the Advancement of Women;/21/

    Further recalling that, prior to the Fourth World Conference on Women, the
United/Nations will be holding important conferences and other meetings on
issues that are unquestionably linked with and important for the living
conditions and situation of women, 

    Taking into account General Assembly resolution 46/98 of 16/December/1991,
in which the Commission was requested, when considering the priority theme
relating to development during its thirty-sixth and subsequent sessions, to
ensure its early contribution to the work of forthcoming international
conferences,

    1.  Recommends to Member States that they include the question of women in
the agendas of the World Conference on Human Rights and the International
Conference on Population and Development, to be held in 1993 and 1994
respectively;

    2.  Also recommends that the same procedure be followed for the national,
regional and international preparatory meetings for the above-mentioned
Conferences.


             Resolution 36/3.  Women in decision-making bodies*

    *   For the discussion, see chap. IV.

    The Commission on the Status of Women,

    Recalling the Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies for the Advancement of
Women,/22/ in particular paragraphs 86 to 92 thereof,

    Recalling also the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of
Discrimination against Women,/23/ in particular articles 7 and 8,

    Noting the recommendations contained in the reports of the
Secretary-General on various aspects of the participation of women in public
life, submitted to the Commission on the Status of Women at its thirty-third,
thirty-fourth and thirty-sixth sessions, as well as the recommendations and
conclusions arising from the first review and appraisal of the implementation
of the Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies, contained in the annex to Economic
and Social Council resolution 1990/15 of 24 May 1990,

    Gravely concerned that women continue to be generally underrepresented in
key areas of national, regional and international decision-making,

    Convinced that no true democracy can be achieved without the full
participation and contribution of women, including their contribution to
decision-making, in all spheres of life,

    1.  Urges Governments to increase their efforts to appoint women to all
executive decision-making bodies in political, economic and cultural life, as
well as to advisory boards and councils, so as to incrementally achieve full
gender equality;

    2.  Also urges political parties, trade unions and non-governmental
organizations to encourage women to use their rights, to promote women, to put
forward women as candidates to all elective posts and actively to support
their election to such posts;

    3.  Requests the Secretary-General to update and disseminate, on a regular
basis, information on the composition of the high-level decision-making bodies
at the national, regional and international levels, disaggregated by sex;

    4.  Encourages institutes of the United Nations system, especially the
International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women, to
undertake research on the participation of women in decision-making in public
life, highlighting the continuing obstacles to such participation, the
positive effects of the increased participation of women and the mechanisms
for achieving such increased participation of women.


           Resolution 36/4.  Integration of elderly women into
                               development*

    *   For the discussion, see chap. IV.

    The Commission on the Status of Women,

    Recalling paragraph 286 of the Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies for the
Advancement of Women,/24/ concerning elderly women, and the pertinent
recommendations of the International Plan of Action on Ageing,/25/ and also
recalling the terms of Economic and Social Council resolution 1989/38 of
24/May/1989, according to which women constitute a majority of the elderly
population, and that in the twenty-first century the number of elderly women
will increase more rapidly in the developing countries,

    Aware of the fact that the obstacles to their advancement encountered by
young women and the decisions concerning their instruction, education, family
life, health, and employment will have important consequences in their future
lives,

    Emphasizing the consequent need to adopt an approach for the advancement
of women that takes into account all stages of life, so as to identify
measures that respond to women's needs,

    Equally aware of the fact that elderly women, in all regions of the world,
represent an important human resource, and that their contribution to society
and development in the economic, cultural, political and social fields often
remains unseen or unrecognized,

    Calling attention to the urgent need to develop and improve the
publication of statistics by sex and by age, and to identify and evaluate the
different forms of activities of elderly women which are not normally
recognized as having an economic value, in particular in the informal sector,

    1.  Invites the competent organs of the United/Nations to adopt an
approach that, in all their strategies and programmes for the advancement of
women, takes into account all stages of life; this approach must envisage the
advancement of young women, while bearing in mind the subsequent consequences
of decisions taken on their account;

    2.  Calls upon the Secretary-General to compile within existing resources
a comprehensive annotated bibliography on the status of elderly women so that
research already being conducted world wide can be incorporated in future
assessments;

    3.  Welcomes the efforts of the Division for the Advancement of Women of
the Centre for Social Development and Humanitarian Affairs of the Secretariat
to establish, in cooperation with non-governmental organizations, model
profiles of the present situation of elderly women that will permit all
countries, whatever their level of development, to make the necessary
projections;

    4.  Encourages Member States to utilize these model profiles to compile
and analyse information on the situation of present and future generations of
elderly women, and invites contributing organizations to provide to Member
States, in collaboration with them, financial and technical assistance for
this purpose;

    5.  Notes with appreciation the work of the Statistical Office and the
Population Division of the Secretariat and of the International Research and
Training Institute for the Advancement of Women, and encourages them to
develop a statistical methodology to enable the quantification and evaluation
of the contribution of women, which does not generally appear at the present
time, in the national accounts of States;

    6.  Invites international development agencies and organizations,
including the United/Nations Development Fund for Women and the United Nations
Development Programme, to take account of the potential of elderly women as a
human resource for development and to include elderly women in their
development strategies and programmes, and encourages Governments to ensure
the inclusion of women, regardless of age, in development projects covered by
national and multilateral financial institutions;

    7.  Requests the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against
Women to pay particular attention to discrimination on grounds of age when
evaluating national reports on the implementation of the Convention on the
Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women; 26/

    8.  Invites the Preparatory Committee for the World Conference on Human
Rights, to be held in 1993, to include in the agenda of that Conference
discrimination on grounds of age and sex;

    9.  Invites the Preparatory Committee for the International Conference on
Population and Development, to be held in 1994, to include in the agenda of
that Conference the situation of elderly women and their integration in
development;

    10. Encourages Governments, non-governmental organizations and other
bodies to involve women, including elderly women, in their development
activities;

    11. Invites the Secretary-General to report to the Commission at its
thirty-eighth session on the following matters:

    (a) The establishment, on a country-by-country basis, of profiles
concerning the present and future situation of women at all stages of their
lives;

    (b) An evaluation of analytical methods permitting the establishment of
strategies and programmes for the integration of women in development;

    (c) The inclusion of gender criteria in numerical targets concerning
ageing being prepared by the Centre for Social Development and Humanitarian
Affairs of the Secretariat, and to report on the implementation of these
programmes and targets to the International Conference on Population and
Development, in 1994, and to the Fourth World Conference on Women:  Action for
Equality, Development and Peace in 1995.


                  Resolution 36/5.  Women and development*

    *   For the discussion, see chap./IV.

    The Commission on the Status of Women,

    Recalling Economic and Social Council resolution 1990/15 of 24/May/1990
and Commission resolutions 34/3 of 8 March 1990 and 35/7 of 8/March/1991,

    Reaffirming the principles contained in the Declaration on the Right to
Development, adopted by the General Assembly in its resolution 41/128, annex,
of 4/December/1986,

    Convinced that the effective mobilization of women is an essential element
to achieving the objectives of the Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies for the
Advancement of Women/27/ and the International Development Strategy for the
Fourth United/Nations Development Decade,/28/

    Aware that the slow progress in the implementation of the Forward-looking
Strategies as related to development necessitates urgent action to be taken by
all the parties concerned,

    Aware also of the need to recognize the importance of gender in all areas
of social, economic and political life in order to bridge the gap between the
roles of men and women in development and to train planners, policy makers,
decision makers and relevant staff in gender analysis,

    Reaffirming that the full integration of women in development, both as
agents and beneficiaries, should concern all sectors of society,

    Convinced that improving the distribution between both sexes of the tasks
related to productive and reproductive functions is an essential strategy for
development and has to be reflected in the implementation of concrete economic
and social policies,

    Further convinced that international cooperation for development has a
fundamental role in the creation of proper conditions that allow women to
achieve full integration in development,

    Deeply concerned about the worsening situation of women in developing
countries, particularly in the least developed countries,

    Expressing special concern about women living in extreme poverty, in rural
as well as in urban areas,

    Expressing deep concern that, despite the fact that poor rural women
contribute to all aspects of the well-being of rural families and account for
more than half of the food production of developing countries, they are often
the most vulnerable and disadvantaged group in society,

    Aware of the need for women, as agents and beneficiaries of development,
to be empowered to define their own means of development, as well as of the
need to guarantee them access to services, such as education, health,
maternity and child care and credit, among others, in order to fully integrate
women into the development process,

    Keeping in mind the fact that the impact of structural adjustment
policies, adverse terms of trade and the growing foreign debt on developing
countries, particularly the least developed countries, has had a negative
effect on efforts for the full integration of women in development,

    1.  Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General entitled
"Development:  integration of women in the process of development",/29/ which
contains the conclusions and recommendations of the Seminar on the Integration
of Women in Development;

    2.  Urges Governments to foster women's full participation in the
elaboration, planning, execution and evaluation of development policies and
projects so that they can be agents and beneficiaries of development;

    3.  Also urges Governments to adopt policies to promote economic
development that will ensure the full and explicit integration of women's
needs and concerns;

    4.  Further urges Governments to include gender perspectives in the major
guidelines for economic and social policies and to increase their capacities
and capabilities in gender-responsive and gender-sensitive planning of
development programmes;

    5.  Urges Governments to foster the access of women to income-generating
activities as a means of stimulating economic independence, a basic
requirement for women's self-sufficiency;

    6.  Urges Governments to identify their own quantitative and qualitative
national targets in such fields as education and training, employment, income
generation, health and women in public life with regard to the full
integration of women in development and to commit adequate resources to women
and development programmes;

    7.  Recommends that Governments create or strengthen national machinery
for the advancement of women, placing it at the highest level, and ensure its
greater involvement in the political, economic and social planning processes;

    8.  Also recommends that Governments, international donors and
non-governmental organizations develop gender-oriented research in all
development areas, particularly by the involvement of national research
institutes, and promote specific measures in the field of training in gender
analysis programmes for development decision makers and the relevant staff
involved in the policy and programme areas, in addition to implementation
processes;

    9.  Calls upon Governments, international financial and other relevant
institutions and non-governmental organizations to promote measures to
stimulate the economies of developing countries and the full integration of
women in the development process and to provide financial services on the
basis of equal opportunity for women and men, while avoiding adverse effects
on their well-being, particularly that of vulnerable groups;

    10. Calls upon donor Governments and international financial institutions
to provide adequate and timely support for the efforts of the developing
countries, particularly the least developed countries, in reducing the
negative effects of the external debt burden, structural adjustment policies
and adverse terms of trade, with a view to integrating women in mainstream
development;

    11. Appeals to Governments, donor countries, international organizations
and appropriate financial institutions to make greater efforts to support the
establishment of cooperative rural banks and other development-related
institutions to assist women, particularly those engaged in small- and
medium-scale productive activities;

    12. Requests Member States to make provision for specific training
programmes for women in rural and urban areas aimed at developing their
technical and management skills and to give financial support, fellowships or
both for training women, particularly those from developing countries, in
science, technology, agriculture and management;

    13. Calls upon Governments, donor countries and relevant international
organizations to take further coordinated measures to facilitate the access of
women, particularly rural and urban poor women, to basic education and health
and child-care facilities;

    14. Requests the Secretary-General, in reporting on the implementation of
the present resolution in his biennial monitoring report on the implementation
of the Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies for the Advancement of Women, to
include policy and programme recommendations on the basis of gender analysis;

    15. Also requests the Secretary-General to ensure that the issues of women
and development and of the integration of women in development programmes are
an integral part of the International Development Strategy for the Fourth
United Nations Development Decade.



                Resolution 36/6.  Women and the environment*

    *   For the discussion, see chap. IV.


    The Commission on the Status of Women,

    Recalling the Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies for the Advancement of
Women,/30/ in particular paragraphs 224 to 227, which emphasize the impact
upon women of environmental degradation and the importance of the awareness of
women and women's organizations of environmental issues and of the enhancement
of women's capacity to participate at all levels in the management of their
environment,

    Recalling also Economic and Social Council resolution 1990/15 of
24/May/1990, in which the Council adopted the recommendations and conclusions
arising from the first review and appraisal of the implementation of the
Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies for the Advancement of Women contained in
the annex to that resolution,

    Bearing in mind the preparations for the United Nations Conference on
Environment and Development, to be held at Rio de Janeiro in June/1992, on the
basis of General Assembly resolution 44/228 of 22 December 1989,

    Taking into account all relevant resolutions of the General Assembly, in
particular resolution 46/167 of 19/December 1991 on women, environment,
population and sustainable development,

    Taking note of the conclusions and recommendations of the Global Assembly
of Women and the Environment:  Partners in Life, held at Miami, Florida, from
4/to/8/November 1991,

    Expressing its concern about the global environmental crisis and its
conviction that women have an important role to play in the protection of the
environment and natural resources and in the promotion of sustainable
development,

    Gravely concerned that major causes of the continuing deterioration of the
global environment are the unsustainable pattern of production and
consumption, particularly in developed countries, and increasing poverty in
many developing countries,

    Aware that traditional and advanced technologies are needed to implement
programmes and projects aimed at the promotion of environmentally sound
development,

    Stressing the importance of the international transfer of appropriate
technologies to the promotion of sound environment and sustainable
development,

    Recognizing that the cooperation and assistance of as well as the work
performed by the non-governmental organizations are efficient mechanisms in
the struggle for protecting and preserving the environment and for promoting
the full participation of women in the management of the environment,

    1.  Urges Governments to adopt laws, policies and programmes to promote
women's participation in the preservation of the environment in their
countries, in the interest of present and future populations and of humankind;

    2.  Also urges national, State and local governments, as well as
governmental and non-governmental organizations and the private sector, to
promote a higher level of involvement of women in the planning, implementation
and evaluation of policies, programmes and action aiming at environmental
protection, the conservation of natural resources and economic development;

    3.  Urges Governments to promote within their programmes of environmental
management, specific activities aimed at the education, and professional and
leadership training of women in environmental issues;

    4.  Requests Governments and multilateral financial institutions to
provide new and additional financial resources for the promotion of women's
participation in sustainable development in the developing countries in
general and in the least developed countries in particular, channelled by
means of democratic and appropriate institutional mechanisms responsive to the
priorities of women in the target communities;

    5.  Calls for the active participation of women in the management of funds
allocated to the protection of the environment and to sustainable development;

    6.  Calls upon Governments, non-governmental organizations and other
social groups, women's organizations in particular, to promote the necessary
changes in production policies and consumption habits, mainly in developed
countries, and also to promote the development of effective international
cooperation in the areas of research, development and the application of
environmentally sound technologies;

    7.  Reminds Governments, governmental and non-governmental organizations,
as well as transnational corporations, of the necessity of facilitating the
access of women in developing countries to environmentally sound appropriate
technologies;

    8.  Invites the Governments of donor countries, international
organizations and relevant non-governmental organizations to ensure that
greater attention is given to women's contributions to environmental
protection and management in their cooperation with and assistance to
developing countries, with a view to preserving the environment and promoting
sustainable development in those countries;

    9.  Urges Governments to put greater emphasis on linkages between
environmental management and underlying problems, such as poverty, population
growth and distribution, unsanitary living conditions and lack of water, and
on action to deal with such problems;

    10. Requests national Governments and all governmental and
non-governmental organizations to ensure the equitable participation of women
in their delegations to the United Nations Conference on Environment and
Development;

    11. Requests the Preparatory Committee for the United/Nations Conference
on Environment and Development, at its fourth session, to give full and
substantive consideration to the recommendations of the Commission concerning
women and the environment, in accordance with General/Assembly resolution
46/167;

    12. Requests the Secretary-General to monitor the progress made in the
area of women and the environment and to submit a report on the review and
appraisal of that subject to the Commission at its thirty-eighth session, to
serve as a working document in the preparations for the Fourth World
Conference on Women:  Action for Equality, Development and Peace, in 1995.


        Resolution 36/7.  Advancement of women and acts of terrorism
                            against women*

    *   For the discussion, see chap. IV.

    The Commission on the Status of Women,

    Taking into account the fact that the Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies
for the Advancement of Women have identified violence against women as one of
the major obstacles to the achievement of the objectives of the United Nations
Decade for Women:  Equality, Development and Peace,/31/

    Recalling Commission on Human Rights resolution 1992/82 of 5/March/1992,
concerning the promotion and furtherance of human rights and fundamental
freedoms,/32/

    Profoundly concerned about the persistent acts of violence perpetrated in
various countries by armed groups and by drug traffickers who terrorize the
population and threaten in particular the safety and lives of women and
children,

    Reaffirming that such acts prevent the full exercise of civil and
political rights, such as participation in free elections, the right to
peaceful assembly, freedom of association and trade union rights, as well as
the exercise of economic, social and cultural rights, thus undermining the
welfare of the people and seriously harming the economic infrastructure and
production,

    1.  Strongly condemns the acts of violence perpetrated by armed groups and
by drug traffickers who terrorize and threaten the safety and lives of the
population, especially women, and, in particular, women who have been
democratically elected to public office, or who are leaders of community
organizations or welfare associations, or who have been appointed by the
Government to positions of responsibility;

    2.  Expresses its profound concern about the adverse effect on the
enjoyment of human rights caused by armed groups and by drug traffickers who
terrorize the population and threaten the safety and lives of women;

    3.  Requests governmental and non-governmental organizations to pay
particular attention to these violations of human rights;

    4.  Decides to consider this question under the priority theme "Peace" at
its thirty-seventh session.


        Resolution 36/8.  Preparations for the Fourth World Conference
                           on Women:  Action for Equality, Development
                           and Peace*

    *   For the discussion, see chap./V.

    The Commission on the Status of Women,

    Recalling the Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies for the Advancement
of/Women,/33/ endorsed by the General Assembly in its resolution/40/108 of
13/December/1985,

    Recalling also Economic and Social Council resolution 1987/20 of
26/May/1987, in which the Council decided that the Commission on the Status of
Women should be designated as the preparatory body for world conferences on
women,

    Recalling further Economic and Social Council resolution 1990/15 of
24/May/1990 on the recommendations and conclusions arising from the first
review and appraisal of the implementation of the Nairobi Forward-looking
Strategies for the Advancement of Women to the year 2000,

    Recalling also its resolution 35/4 of 8/March/1991 on preparations for the
world conference on women in 1995 and its decision 35/101 of 8/March/1991 on
the title of the Conference,

                                      A

                       Organization of the Conference

    Noting with appreciation the offers made by the Governments of Austria and
China to act as host for the Fourth World Conference on Women:  Action for
Equality, Development and Peace, and the forum for non-governmental
organizations,

    Taking into consideration General Assembly resolution 46/98 of 16/December
1991, in which the Assembly requested the Commission to decide on the venue of
the Fourth World Conference on Women not later than at its thirty-sixth
session, in accordance with Commission decision 35/102 of 8/March/1991,
bearing in mind that preference should be given to the region that had not yet
hosted a world conference on women,

    Considering the duration of previous world conferences on women, as well
as similar United Nations conferences,

    Bearing in mind that the Conference in 1995 coincides with the fiftieth
anniversary of the United Nations,

    Affirming the importance to the success of the Conference of the maximum
participation of Governments at the highest possible level, of
intergovernmental organizations, organizations of the United Nations system
and interested non-governmental organizations, as well as other regional
organizations acting through their representatives to the Commission,

    Recalling that the General Assembly, in its resolution 46/98, requested
the Secretary-General to appoint not later than 1992 the Secretary-General of
the Conference,

    Recalling its resolution 35/4, in which the Commission decided to prepare
a programme of action for consideration by the Conference,

    1.  Decides 

    (a) To accept the offer of the Government of China to act as host for the
Fourth World Conference on Women:  Action for Equality, Development and Peace,
in accordance with General Assembly resolution 40/243 of 18/December/1985;

    (b) That the Conference should be of a duration of ten working days;

    (c) That the Conference should be held at Beijing from 4 to
15/September/1995;

    2.  Also decides to recommend that participation in the Conference should
be open to:

    (a) All States Members of the United/Nations or of any of the specialized
agencies or of the International Atomic Energy Agency;

    (b) Representatives of organizations that have received a standing
invitation from the General Assembly to participate in the sessions and the
work of all international conferences convened under its auspices in the
capacity of observers to participate in the Conference in that capacity, in
accordance with Assembly resolutions 3237 (XXIX) of 22/November/1974 and
43/177 of 15/December/1988;

    (c) Representatives of the national liberation movements recognized in its
region by the Organization of African Unity to participate in the Conference
in the capacity of observers, in accordance with General/Assembly resolution
3280 (XXIX) of 10/December/1974;

    (d) The executive heads of the specialized agencies and the International
Atomic Energy Agency, as well as interested organizations of the United
Nations system;

    (e) Other interested intergovernmental organizations, to be represented by
observers at the Conference;

    (f) Interested non-governmental organizations in consultative status with
the Economic and Social Council, to be represented by observers at the
Conference;

    (g) Individuals who, in recognition of their personal contributions to the
advancement of women, are invited by the Secretary-General;

    (h) Members of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against
Women;

    3.  Requests the Economic and Social Council to request the Committee on
Non-Governmental Organizations to consider on a priority basis, in advance of
the Conference, the granting of consultative status to more non-governmental
organizations concerned with the advancement of women, with particular
attention being given to applications from non-governmental organizations from
developing countries, and also requests that the Committee on Non-Governmental
Organizations be provided with additional resources to deal with the
additional workload;

    4.  Recommends that the arrangements for consultation with
non-governmental organizations, as approved by the Economic and Social Council
in its resolution 1296/(XLIV) of 23/May/1968, be reviewed to make consultative
status more accessible to non-governmental organizations, particularly those
from developing countries;

    5.  Recommends that the Secretary-General appoint a woman as
Secretary-General of the Conference, not later than 1992, who should have
international stature in relation to the advancement of women and experience
in the United Nations system, and who would assume primary responsibility for
the preparation of the Conference;

    6.  Also recommends that, in appointing the necessary staff for the
Conference, the Secretary-General include persons from the developing and the
least developed countries, taking into consideration equitable geographical
distribution;

    7.  Decides that the agenda for the Conference shall include:

    (a) The second review and appraisal of the implementation of the Nairobi
Forward-looking Strategies for the Advancement of Women to the year 2000;

    (b) The Platform for Action;

    (c) The main conclusions and recommendations of regional preparatory
conferences;

    (d) Institutional arrangements for the implementation of the Platform for
Action;

    8.  Requests the Secretary-General to submit a report to the Commission,
at its thirty-seventh session, continuing a first draft, which will serve as a
working document for the elaboration of the Platform for Action, taking as a
basis all guidelines contained in Commission resolution 35/4, the impact of
the changes that have taken place in the international community on the status
of women, the importance of integrating gender perspectives in policy-making
in all areas and at all levels, the need to give priority to the situation of
rural women, in particular in developing countries, and differences in
priorities among regions, based on a full input from the organizations of the
United Nations system, as well as other regional organizations acting through
their representatives to the Commission;

    9.  Also requests the Secretary-General to submit to the Commission at its
thirty-seventh session a report containing (a) information on data that would
be used/in the formulation of the second report on the implementation of the
Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies and (b) an outline of the second report,
in/which special emphasis should be given to the recommendations and
conclusions arising from the first review and appraisal of the implementation
of the Strategies, contained in the annex to Council resolution/1990/15, in
particular those referring to the condition of women in developing countries;

    10. Further requests the Secretary-General to prepare draft rules of
procedure for consideration by the Commission at its thirty-eighth session;

                                      B

                             Preparatory process

    Emphasizing the importance of national preparatory activities in focusing
national attention on the issue of the status and advancement of women, and of
national machinery to assess the situation and mobilize national
non-governmental organizations and individuals, with a view to improving
national performance in the advancement of women,

    Considering the importance of activities for the advancement of women that
have taken place at the regional level since International Women's Year and
recognizing the necessity of providing for an exchange of national experiences
and the elaboration of regional priorities and perspectives for the Fourth
World Conference on Women:  Action for Equality, Development and Peace, and to
the year 2000,

    Recalling Economic and Social Council resolution 1990/9 of 24/May/1990 on
the second report on the implementation of the Nairobi Forward-looking
Strategies for the Advancement of Women,

    Recognizing the importance of non-governmental organizations in the
preparations for the Conference at the national, regional and global levels,
especially the forum for non-governmental organizations, which will take place
prior to and partially simultaneously with the Conference,

    Acknowledging the important role of women entrepreneurship, notably in
small and medium-sized enterprises, in mobilizing resources and in promoting
economic growth and socio-economic development,

    Convinced that promotion of the Conference requires the creative and
effective use of public information, 

    1.  Recommends that Governments establish a national committee or
designate a national focal point to initiate and promote preparations for the
Fourth World Conference on Women:  Action for Equality, Development and Peace,
by organizing and coordinating national activities, including assembling
information and gender-disaggregated statistics for the elaboration of
national reports on the situation of women, and increasing public awareness
about the Conference, and requests that reports on such activities be made
available to the Secretary-General;

    2.  Urges organizations of the United Nations system, at the national
level, to cooperate with national efforts to prepare for the Conference and to
coordinate their activities through the United Nations Resident Coordinator;

    3.  Requests the Secretary-General to inform Governments about the
recommendation regarding national committees or focal points;

    4.  Recommends that the national reports cited in paragraph 1 above cover
the period from 1985 to the present;

    5.  Urges the organizations of the United Nations system to provide
support, on request, to the preparation of national reports;

    6.  Recommends that regional conferences already scheduled include in
their agendas preparations for the World Conference and suggests that, in
those regions that have not yet scheduled them, regional conferences to
prepare for the World Conference be organized under the auspices of the
corresponding regional commission;

    7.  Requests the regional conferences to identify regional trends,
priorities, obstacles and innovative suggestions for future action and that
the results of those regional conferences be provided to the Commission not
later than at its thirty-ninth session;

    8.  Recommends that regional conferences include in their agendas the
issue of women in public life, emphasizing their role in politics and
decision-making;

    9.  Requests the Secretary-General to include information on women in
public life in the preparations of the priority theme on peace:  women in
international decision-making, for the Commission at its thirty-ninth session;

    10. Recommends that a public information strategy for the Conference be
designed, using information mechanisms that reach the greatest number of
people and based on the Conference themes, in particular those related to
development;

    11. Also recommends that regional conferences include in their agendas the
issue of entrepreneurship and the advancement of women, emphasizing the need
to facilitate an overall entrepreneurial activity through appropriate economic
policies, training, access to credit, information and other support systems;

    12. Requests the Secretary-General to plan and implement an information
campaign and to issue a new bulletin entitled Conference 95 twice a year to
disseminate information on preparatory activities for the Conference at all
levels in all official languages;

    13. Also requests the Secretary-General to provide Governments with a
concise set of guidelines for public information campaigns at the national
level and with periodic information packages that can be made available to
national mass media and non-governmental organizations;

    14. Further requests the Secretary-General to report to the Commission at
its thirty-seventh session on the planning and implementation of the complete
information campaign, including its priorities and resource needs;

    15. Requests the Secretary-General to include the Conference as part of
the celebrations for the fiftieth anniversary of the United Nations;

                                      C

                  Forum for non-governmental organizations

    Recalling successful forums for non-governmental organizations held in
Mexico, Copenhagen and Nairobi,

    Acknowledging the offer made by the host Government to all
non-governmental organizations and individuals wishing to attend the forum in
Beijing,

    1.  Emphasizes the importance of close proximity between the forum and the
Fourth World Conference on Women:  Action for Equality, Development and Peace,
as well as some concurrence in time;

    2.  Invites the committee of non-governmental organizations arranging the
forum and national and regional activities to provide information, including
media arrangements, to the Commission through a report of the
Secretary-General on preparations for the Conference;

    3.  Emphasizes the importance of unrestricted participation by the media
in covering the forum;

                                      D

              Resources for the Conference and its preparations

    Recalling General Assembly resolution 46/98 of 16/December/1991, in which
concern was expressed that the resources for the Fourth World Conference on
Women:  Action for Equality, Development and Peace, were not sufficient, and
Assembly resolution 46/185 of 20/December/1991, in which the Assembly
requested the Secretary-General to ensure that adequate resources were
provided for the preparation of the Conference during the biennium 1992-1993,

    Desiring to ensure the maximum representation by Governments, especially
of the least developed countries, in the regional preparatory process and in
the Conference,

    1.  Requests the Economic and Social Council to reconsider the budget
envisaged for the Fourth World Conference on Women:  Action for Equality,
Development and Peace, on the basis of a report of the Secretary-General
outlining resource requirements for regional and interregional preparatory
activities, public information activities and for the Conference itself;

    2.  Urges Governments, intergovernmental organizations, non-governmental
organizations and individuals to contribute extrabudgetary resources to the
trust fund established by the Secretary-General for the preparations of the
Conference, especially for the participation of representatives of the least
developed countries in regional meetings and in the Conference;

    3.  Urges Governments, international organizations and multilateral
financial institutions to provide assistance to the least developed countries
for their preparatory activities at the national level;

                                      E

                                Documentation

    1.  Decides that the documentation for the Fourth World Conference on
Women:  Action for Equality, Development and Peace, will include:

    (a) Report of the Secretary-General on the second review and appraisal of
        the implementation of the Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies for the
        Advancement of Women;

    (b) Draft final document (Platform for Action);

    (c) Update of the World Survey on the Role of Women in Development;

    (d) Update of The World's Women:  Trends and Statistics;

    (e) Updated compendium on the implementation of the Convention on the
        Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women;

    (f) Report of the Secretary-General on the outcome of regional preparatory
        meetings for the Fourth World Conference on Women:  Action for
        Equality, Development and Peace;



    (g) Relevant sections of final documents emanating from the United Nations
        Conference on Environment and Development, the World Conference on
        Human Rights and the International Conference on Population and
        Development.



                                 Chapter II

             PROGRAMMING AND COORDINATION MATTERS RELATED TO THE
                UNITED NATIONS AND THE UNITED NATIONS SYSTEM


4.  The Commission considered item 3 of its agenda at its 1st, 4th and
6th/meetings, on 11, 13 and 16/March/1991.  It had before it the following
documents:

    (a) Report of the Secretary-General on the preparation of the system-wide
medium-term plan for the advancement of women for the period/1996-2001
(E/1992/6);

    (b) Report of the Secretary-General on improvement of the status of women
in the Secretariat (E/CN.6/1992/11);

    (c) Note by the Secretary-General on proposed revisions to the medium-term
plan for the period/1992-1997 (E/CN.6/1992/12).

In addition the Commission had before it for information the report of
the/Secretary-General on the improvement of the status of women in the
Secretariat (A/46/377).

5.  In introducing the item, the Director of the Division for the Advancement
of Women stated that, as the period of the medium-term plan had just begun,
the Secretariat had proposed only minor technical revisions to the plan (see
E/CN.6/1992/12).  She explained that the organizations of the United Nations
system coordinated their work substantively through a system-wide medium-term
plan for women and development, which had been agreed upon by the Economic and
Social Council in its resolution/1987/86 and covered the period 1990-1995. 
The outline for the next plan, covering the period 1996-2001, was before the
Commission.

6.  The Coordinator, Focal Point for Women, Office of Human Resources
Management, informed the Commission of the progress made towards improving the
status of women in the Secretariat, including findings by an external
consultant relating to barriers to the advancement of women and elements of an
action programme to improve their status.  She noted that her post had been
regularized and her office reinforced by the addition of a staff member at the
General Service level.

Improvement of the status of women in the Secretariat

7.  Several representatives expressed their concern that, although the
statistical update contained in the report of the Secretary-General
(E/CN.6/1992/11) showed that the number of women in the Secretariat had
increased, the target set for 1990 had not been achieved by the end of 1991
and women were not being recruited at a sufficient rate to meet the United
Nations target of 35 per cent of women in/Professional posts by 1995, as
called for by the General Assembly in its resolutions/45/125 and 45/239/C. 
Several representatives welcomed the study of the barriers to the advancement
of women in the United Nations, the findings of which would be made available
to the General Assembly at its forty-seventh session, and the programme of

action for the advancement of women in the Secretariat for the period
1991-1995.  They noted the underrepresentation of women, particularly from
certain regions.  One representative, on behalf of a group of countries, noted
that her region was not mentioned in the report of the Secretary-General
(E/CN.6/1992/11).  There existed a level - in practice the/P-4 level - above
which Professional women found it difficult to advance within the Secretariat.

Representatives expressed their wish to examine the study and the detailed
programme activities, including monitoring procedures and a timetable for
their completion.

8.  Several representatives suggested that Member States promote and nominate
women for high-level posts.  To identify qualified female candidates, the
creation of a national roster for women candidates was suggested.  One
representative stressed that child-care facilities, parental leave and
flexible working hours were prerequisites for establishing equal opportunities
for women.  For the successful implementation of the new action plan for
1991-1995, a visible commitment by the Secretary-General was needed.

9.  Several representatives expressed their concern that there was a need for
the post of the head of the Centre for Social Development and Humanitarian
Affairs to be filled and expressed the hope that the post would be filled by a
woman.

10. Several representatives expressed concern that the first phase of the
reorganization of the Secretariat being undertaken by the Secretary-General
had not increased the number of women at higher decision-making levels.  They
noted that the restructuring of the Secretariat should also aim at improving
the representation and the status of women in the Secretariat.  One
representative expressed the hope that the current recruitment freeze would
not be a barrier for women from non-represented and underrepresented
countries.  Representatives expressed the hope that more women would be
appointed to senior positions in the Secretariat in the next stage of
restructuring.

11. One representative, speaking on behalf of a group of countries, suggested
changes to the outline of the system-wide medium-term plan for the advancement
of women for the period 1996-2001, proposed by the Secretary-General
(E/1992/6).  Issues of national machinery should be placed under programme/1
(Elimination of legal and attitudinal forms of discrimination);
subprogramme/1.2 should be entitled "Strengthening the role and status of
women in the family and society"; and the issue of equal pay should be dealt
with under programme/2 (Productive resources, income and employment).




                       ACTION TAKEN BY THE COMMISSION

            Improvement of the status of women in the Secretariat

12. At the 4th meeting, on 13/March, the representative of Finland, on behalf
of Australia,/34/ Austria, the Bahamas, Belgium,/34/ Brazil, Canada, Cyprus,
Denmark,/34/ Ecuador, Egypt, Finland, Greece,/34/ the Netherlands,
New/Zealand,/34/ Nigeria, Poland, Portugal,/34/ Spain, Sweden,/34/ the United
States of America and Venezuela, subsequently joined by Norway,/34/ introduced
a draft resolution (E/CN.6/1992/L.4) entitled "Improvement of the status of
women in the Secretariat".

13. At the 6th meeting, on 16/March, the Commission had before it a revised
draft resolution (E/CN.6/1992/L.4/Rev.1), entitled "Improvement of the status
of women in the Secretariat", submitted by the original sponsors joined by
Algeria/34/ and Morocco, and which included the following changes:

    (a) The fourth and fifth preambular paragraphs, which had read:

        "Bearing in mind the goal of achieving by the end of 1995 and overall
    participation rate of women of 35/per/cent of all posts subject to
    geographical distribution, set in General Assembly resolutions 45/125 of
    14/December/1990 and 45/239/C of 21/December/1990, and a 25/per/cent
    participation rate of women in posts at the D-1 level and above, set in
    resolution 45/239/C,

        "Also bearing in mind that the visible commitment of the
    Secretary-General is essential to the achievement of the targets set by
    the General Assembly on the overall participation of women of 35/per/cent
    by the end of 1995, as well as the target of 25/per/cent at the D-1 level
    and above".

were revised to read:

        "Bearing in mind the goal of achieving by 1995 an overall
    participation rate of women of 35/per/cent of all posts subject to
    geographical distribution, set by the General Assembly in resolutions
    45/125 of 14/December/1990 and 45/239/C of 21/December/1990, and a
    participation rate of women in posts at the D-1 level and above, set by
    the Assembly in resolution 45/239/C, at 25/per/cent of the total within
    the overall participation rate of women of 35/per/cent in posts subject to
    geographical distribution;

        "Also bearing in mind that a visible commitment of the
    Secretary-General is essential to the achievement of the targets set by
    the General Assembly of overall participation rate of women of
    35/per/cent, and, at the D-1 level and above, of 25/per/cent by 1995"; 

    (b) Operative paragraph/2, which had read:

        "2.    Calls upon the Secretary-General to appoint women to senior
    policy-level and decision-making posts in his next appointment";

was revised to read:

        "2.    Urges the Secretary-General to appoint women to senior
    policy-level and decision-making posts in his next appointments, and to
    achieve the targets set for the Secretariat by 1995";

    (c) In operative paragraph/3, the words "Calls upon" were replaced by the
word "Urges";

    (d) In operative paragraph/4, the words "taking into consideration the
need to increase the representation of women from countries with a low or no
representation of women, especially from the developing countries" were added
at the end of the paragraph;

    (e) In operative paragraph/7, the words "the findings of" were inserted
between the words "ensure that" and "the comprehensive study".

14. At the same meeting, Indonesia and Ireland/34/ joined in sponsoring the
revised draft resolution.

15. Also at the same meeting, the Commission adopted the revised draft
resolution (see chap./I, sect./A, draft resolution/I).


                                 Chapter/III

        MONITORING THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NAIROBI FORWARD-LOOKING
                   STRATEGIES FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF WOMEN


16. The Commission considered item 4 of its agenda jointly with agenda item/6
(Preparations for the Fourth World Conference on Women:  Action for Equality,
Development and Peace)/35/ at its 1st to 6th, 8th and 12th to 14th meetings,
from 11 to 13, 16, 17, 19 and 20/March/1992.  It had before it the following
documents:

    (a) Report of the Secretary-General on the system-wide monitoring of
progress made in the implementation of the Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies
for the Advancement of Women (E/CN.6/1992/2);

    (b) Report of the Secretary-General on violence against women in all its
forms (E/CN.6/1992/4);

    (c) Report of the Secretary-General on physical violence against detained
women that is specific to their sex (E/CN.6/1992/5);

    (d) Note by the Secretary-General on the situation of Palestinian women
and children (E/CN.6/1992/6);

    (e) Draft resolution entitled "Communications concerning the status of
women" (E/CN.6/1992/L.2);

    (f) Note by the Secretariat on communications concerning the status of
women (E/CN.6/1992/CRP.3).

17. In addition, the following documents were available to the Commission for
its information:

    (a) Report of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against
Women on its tenth session (A/46/38);

    (b) Report of the Human Rights Committee (A/46/40);

    (c) Report of the Secretary-General on progress made in the preparations
for the International Year of the Family (A/46/362 and Corr.1);

    (d) Report of the Secretary-General on the implementation of the Nairobi
Forward-looking Strategies for the Advancement of Women to the year 2000
(A/46/439);

    (e) Report of the Secretary-General on the Convention on the Elimination
of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (A/46/462);

    (f) Report of the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights on its
fifth session (E/1991/23 and Corr.1);

    (g) Note by the Secretary-General on the results of the eleventh session
of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women
(E/CN.6/1992/CRP.2).

18. The Director of the Division for the Advancement of Women introduced the
item.  She stressed in particular the need to review the preparation of the
reports of the Secretary-General on the system-wide monitoring of progress
made in the implementation of the Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies for the
Advancement of Women (E/CN.6/1992/2) and on physical violence against detained
women that is specific to their sex (E/CN.6/1992/5).

19. A few representatives expressed interest in the wide variety of
information contained in the report of the Secretary-General on the
system-wide monitoring of progress made in the implementation of the Nairobi
Forward-looking Strategies for the Advancement of Women (E/CN.6/1992/2) but
suggested that it would be more useful if the report were more focused and
forward-looking.  Several representatives expressed their support for
effective coordination between organizations of the United Nations system in
the implementation of the Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies.

Violence against women in all its forms

20. Many representatives expressed concern about violence against women.  Some
spoke of its consequences, while others described measures undertaken to
combat the problem.  It was mentioned that violence against women was among
the major obstacles for the advancement of women and for equality, and that
the Fourth World Conference on Women:  Action for Equality, Development and
Peace, should be asked to include the issue of violence in setting specific
goals to be achieved by the year 2000.  Some representatives said that it
would be dangerous to separate violence from the overall context of other
equally important factors that undermined the status of women in society.

21. Most of the representatives considered violence against women within the
context of human rights violations.  Several representatives noted that the
recommendation of the Expert Group Meeting on Violence against Women for the
appointment of a special thematic rapporteur (see E/CN.6/1992/4, annex) was
interesting, and would require close collaboration between the Commission and
the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women.  Whereas one
representative took the view that a rapporteur could report to both the
Commission on the Status of Women and the Commission on Human Rights, thus
stressing that violence against women also violated human rights, others said
that the prerequisite for such a mandate was consensus support.

22. Many representatives referred to and supported the draft declaration on
violence against women proposed by the Expert Group Meeting (see
E/CN.6/1992/4, appendix).  Many were of the view that the declaration required
further elaboration and revision.  Some expressed the view that the definition
of violence required further work in order to eliminate inconsistencies and
ambiguities.  Some representatives considered that a working group should be
formed to continue the work on a draft declaration, taking into account the
text proposed by the Expert Group Meeting.


Physical violence against detained women specific to their sex

23. A number of representatives drew attention to the importance of the issue
of physical violence against detained women.  Some stated that the necessary
measures had been taken in their countries to prevent such occurrences.  One
representative noted that, in her country, not all visitors, as mentioned in
the report of the Secretary-General (E/CN.6/1992/5, para./5.3), but only male
visitors who visited female prisoners, had to be accompanied by an officer
throughout the visit.

Situation of and assistance to Palestinian women

24. Many representatives and observers referred to the prevailing difficult
situation of Palestinian women in the occupied territories.  A few
representatives expressed concern that the occupying power had not accepted
the visit of a consultant to study the actual conditions of Palestinian women,
thus impeding the preparation of the report requested by the Economic and
Social Council in its resolution 1991/19.  One representative stated that the
occupying power should be called upon to review its position and join the
current international efforts to improve the situation of Palestinian women
and to bring peace to the region.  Another representative considered that the
issue should be addressed in accordance with the United Nations practice of
addressing violations of human rights, which included, for example, the
appointment of a special rapporteur, the establishment of a group of experts
or hearings.  One observer stressed the need for more information on the
situation.  

Women and children under apartheid

25. Several representatives mentioned the positive changes in dismantling the
apartheid regime in South Africa, but drew the attention of the Commission to
the continuation of double discrimination affecting women.  They appealed to
the international community to continue to stand against apartheid until a
united, democratic South Africa was achieved and to encourage the Government
of South Africa to take measures to ensure that women were included in the
development process of their country.

International Year of the Family

26. Several representatives expressed concern about the International Year of
the Family and urged the Commission to put forward the concept of equality of
men and women in the family as a basic concept, since the family was
undergoing evolutionary changes and should be considered in its variety of
forms and present day realities.  The International Year of the Family should
focus on the relationship between men and women both within the family unit
and within the concept of partnership.  In addition, the concept of the
socialization process in childhood with regard to gender-based biases could be
taken into consideration.  One representative, on behalf of a group of
countries, stressed the need for responsible fatherhood, while focusing on
equality and measures to conciliate family and working life for the benefit of
women and men.  


Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women

27. Many representatives stated that the Convention on the Elimination of All
Forms of Discrimination against Women contained a set of principles to
safeguard the rights of women and were of direct relevance to the
implementation of the Forward-looking Strategies.  A few representatives and
observers considered that reservations to the substantial provisions of the
Convention demonstrated a lack of responsibility on the part of Governments
and suggested that the Commission might consider the idea of seeking an
advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice on the compatibility of
reservations with the object and purpose of the Convention.  Many
representatives said that the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination
against Women had made a positive contribution to the policy of the
advancement of women and supported/its request for extended or additional
meeting time and for increased resources to deal with the backlog of reports
awaiting consideration.  A few non-governmental organizations stressed the
need for raising awareness of the Convention at the grass-roots level and
suggested a stronger role for the Commission regarding the Convention.

World Conference on Human Rights

28. As part of mainstreaming women's concerns, many representatives urged the
Commission to make its contribution to the agenda of the World Conference on
Human Rights, to be held in 1993 and supported the recommendations of the
Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women on the
preparations for the World Conference on Human Rights.  One representative
stated that the issue of violence against women should be included in the
World Conference on Human Rights.  Another stated that the World Conference on
Human Rights was relevant to the preparations for the Fourth World Conference
on Women.  Still another stated that an assessment of key issues from a gender
perspective would be an important step towards the integration of women's
rights into the human rights work of the United Nations.  One representative
supported the request of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination
against Women that the issue of reservations to human rights conventions be
raised at the World Conference on Human Rights. 

Communications concerning the status of women

29. On 11 and 12 March 1992, a list of confidential communications on the
status of women (S./W. Communications list No./26 and Add.1) was distributed
in a sealed envelope to the representatives of each State member of the
Commission.

30. At its 6th/meeting, on 16/March, the Commission appointed a Working Group
on Communications concerning the Status of Women.  The Working Group held
three closed meetings.  

31. The Working Group submitted its report to the Commission at a closed
meeting.

32. Many representatives considered the communications procedure a useful
mechanism for identifying discrimination against women and for monitoring the
observance of the rights of women and stated that it should be reviewed with a
view to strengthening it and making it more transparent, rather than creating

a new procedure.  They also considered that, through an enhanced
communications procedure, the Commission could develop appropriate measures to
prevent and remedy discrimination.  Other representatives suggested more
publicity for this mechanism, the possibility of arranging for the meetings of
the Working Group on Communications before the Commission's sessions and
closer cooperation with States, greater coordination between the bodies of the
United Nations system and more clearly defined criteria for the selection of
communications.  

33. On 18 March, the representative of Chile, on behalf of the members of the
Working Group on Communications concerning the Status of Women, introduced the
report of the Working Group in a closed meeting of the Commission.  At the
same meeting, the Commission decided to adopt the report of the Working Group,
as orally amended, and to include it in its entirety in the report of the
Commission.

34. The report of the Working Group read as follows:

        "The Working Group on Communications concerning the Status of Women
    was guided in its deliberations by the mandate given in Economic and
    Social Council resolution 1983/27 of 26/May 1983.

        "The Group had before it all communications received by the Division
    for the Advancement of Women, United Nations Office at Vienna, as well as
    those that had been extracted from the confidential list of communications
    concerning human rights received by the Division from the Centre for Human
    Rights, United Nations Office at Geneva.

        "The Working Group noted among the communications received cases of
    violence against women, exercised especially by the army, security and
    occupation forces, and discrimination with regard to equality in women's
    working life.

        "Having considered the small number of communications contained in the
    confidential list, namely five, the Working Group took the view that the
    number was not sufficient to enable it to identify trends that revealed a
    consistent pattern of reliably attested injustice and discriminatory
    practices against women.  However, when account was taken of the reports
    of the Working Group on Communications at previous sessions, a recurrence
    of violence against women and discrimination with regard to equality in
    women's working life was observed.  It was also noted that only some
    Governments provided replies.

        "The Working Group drew the Commission's attention to the current
    communications procedure and proposed that the Commission consider ways of
    improving the mechanism.  It also proposed increased publicity for the
    existing communications mechanism within the Commission on the Status of
    Women.  Furthermore, the Working Group drew the Commission's attention to
    the importance of concerned Governments providing replies to the
    communications they received."


                       ACTION TAKEN BY THE COMMISSION

                     Women and children under apartheid

35. At the 6th meeting, on 16 March, the observer for Algeria,/36/ on behalf
of the African States that are members of the Commission, introduced a draft
resolution (E/CN.6/1992/L.5) entitled "Women and children under apartheid".

36. At the 13th meeting, on 20 March, it was announced that the draft
resolution (E/CN.6/1992/L.5) had been submitted by Nigeria, on behalf of the
States Members of the United Nations that are members of the Group of/77.

37. At the same meeting, the representative of Nigeria, on behalf of the
sponsors, orally revised the draft resolution, as follows:

    (a) In the ninth preambular paragraph and in operative paragraph/6, the
word "non-racial" was replaced by the word "non-racist";

    (b) In operative paragraph 5, the words "under apartheid" were added at
the end of the paragraph.

38. At the same meeting, the Deputy Director of the Division for the
Advancement of Women made a statement on the programme budget implications of
the draft resolution.

39. Also at the same meeting, the Commission adopted the draft resolution, as
orally revised, by a roll-call vote of 26 to 1, with 14 abstentions (see
chap./I, sect./A, draft resolution/II).  The voting was as follows:

    In favour:   Bangladesh, Brazil, Chile, China, Cyprus, Egypt, Ghana,
                 India, Indonesia, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Madagascar,
                 Malaysia, Mexico, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, Peru,
                 Philippines, Sudan, Thailand, Uganda, United Republic of
                 Tanzania, Venezuela, Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

    Against:     United States of America.

    Abstaining:  Austria, Bulgaria, Canada, Co^te d'Ivoire, Czechoslovakia,
                 Finland, France, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Russian
                 Federation, Rwanda, Spain.

40. Before the draft resolution was adopted, statements were made by the
representative of the United States of America and the observer for Portugal
(on behalf of the States Members of the United Nations that are members of the
European Economic Community); after it was adopted the representative of
Austria made a statement.


              Situation of and assistance to Palestinian women

41.  At the 6th meeting, on 16 March, the representative of the Sudan, on
behalf of Algeria,/36/ Bangladesh, Cuba,/36/ Cyprus, Egypt, India, Indonesia,
the Islamic Republic of Iran, Lebanon,/36/ Madagascar, Malaysia, Morocco, the
Philippines, the Sudan, Tunisia,/36/ the United Republic of Tanzania,
Yemen,/36/ Zambia and Zimbabwe, subsequently joined by Uganda, introduced a
draft resolution (E/CN.6/1992/L.6) entitled "The situation of and assistance
to Palestinian women".

42.  At the 13th meeting, on 20 March, it was announced that the draft
resolution (E/CN.6/1992/L.6) had been submitted by Nigeria, on behalf of the
States Members of the United Nations that are members of the Group of 77.

43.  At the same meeting, the Commission adopted the draft resolution, by a
roll-call vote of 29 to 1 with 11 abstentions (see chap. I, sect. A, draft
resolution III).  The voting was as follows:

     In favour: 
     Austria, Bangladesh, Brazil, Chile, China, Cyprus, Ecuador, Egypt,
     Finland, Ghana, India, Indonesia, Iran (Islamic Republic of),
     Madagascar, Malaysia, Mexico, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, Peru,
     Philippines, Spain, Sudan, Thailand, Uganda, United Republic of
     Tanzania, Venezuela, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

     Against:    United States of America.

     Abstaining:
     Bulgaria, Canada, Co^te d'Ivoire, Czechoslovakia, France, Italy, Japan,
     Netherlands, Poland, Russian Federation, Rwanda.

44.  Before the draft resolution was adopted, statements were made by the
representative of the United States of America and the observer for Israel;
after it was adopted, statements were made by the representatives of the
Netherlands, Japan, Italy and France.

45.  The representative of Brazil, speaking on behalf of the Latin American
and Caribbean States that are members of the Commission, expressed their
support for the process of negotiations on peace in the Middle East and
emphasized that they would have liked an explicit reference to that effect
included in the resolution.


          Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination
                                against Women

46.  At the 8th meeting, on 17 March, the representative of Italy, on behalf
of Australia,/36/ Austria, Denmark,/36/ Egypt, Finland, Ghana, Italy, the
Philippines, Portugal,/36/ Thailand and Venezuela, subsequently joined by
Canada, Chile, Ecuador, Germany,/36/ Greece,/36/ Mexico, New Zealand,/36/,
Norway,/36/ Spain, Sweden/36/ and Tunisia,/36/ introduced a draft resolution
(E/CN.6/1992/L.7) entitled "Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of
Discrimination against Women", which she orally revised by changing the number
"111", in the first preambular paragraph, to "112" and by replacing, in
operative paragraph 4, the words "Also strongly supports" by the word
"Welcomes".

47. At the 13th meeting, on 20 March, the Secretary of the Commission informed
the Commission that, as a result of informal consultations, the words "until
the Committee removes its backlog in considering reports" were to be added at
the end of operative paragraph 2.

48. At the same meeting, the observer for Yemen proposed an amendment to the
last preambular paragraph, namely, that the words "some of which were made by
Islamic countries" be inserted between the words "reservations" and "and
welcoming".

49. Following statements by the representative of Italy and the Chairperson,
the observer for Yemen withdrew his amendment.

50. At the same meeting, the Deputy Director of the Division for the
Advancement of Women stated that an extension of the twelfth session of the
Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women from 10 days to
three weeks would involve conference-servicing requirements in the amount of
$77,200, at full cost, the actual costs of which would be set against the
provision already made under section 32 of the programme budget for the
biennium 1992-1993, in accordance with the existing methodology for budgeting
for conference-servicing requirements in relation to the inclusion of
additional meetings in the calendar of meetings and conferences.  It would
also require additional travel requirements for experts, consisting of daily
subsistence allowance in the amount of $40,000 for 1993.  Additional
requirements arising from the draft resolution to the extent that they
affected future periods would be dealt with in the context of the respective
proposed programme budgets.

51. At the same meeting, the Commission adopted the draft resolution, as
orally revised (see chap. I, sect. A, draft resolution IV).

52. After the draft resolution was adopted, the representative of the United
States of America made a statement.


                   Violence against women in all its forms

53. At the 8th meeting, on 17 March, the representative of Canada, on behalf
of Australia,/36/ Canada, Czechoslovakia, Finland, Hungary,/36/ Lebanon,/36/
Morocco, the Netherlands, Norway,/36/ the Philippines, Portugal,/36/ the
Republic of Korea, 36/ Spain, Sweden,/36/ Switzerland,/36/ Thailand,
Turkey,/36/ the United Republic of Tanzania, Venezuela and Zambia, introduced
a draft resolution (E/CN.6/1992/L.8) entitled "Violence against women in all
its forms".

54. At the 13th meeting, on 20 March, the Commission had before it a revised
draft resolution, which was submitted by the original sponsors joined by
Argentina,/36/ Austria, the Bahamas, Bangladesh, Brazil, Bulgaria, Chile,
Co^te/d'Ivoire, Cyprus, Denmark,/36/ Ecuador, France, Greece,/36/ Jamaica,
Peru, Poland, the United States of America and Zimbabwe, and which included
the following changes:

    (a)  In operative paragraph 2, the words "to adopt, strengthen and enforce
legislation prohibiting violence against women and" were inserted between the
words "Urges Member States" and "to take all";

    (b)  In operative paragraph 4, the word "Welcomes" was replaced by the
words "Takes note of";

    (c)  In operative paragraph 5, the words "in New York" between the words
"to convene" and "an inter-sessional working group" and the words "at its
forty-eighth session" after the words "to the General Assembly" were deleted;

    (d)  Operative paragraph 6, which had read:

         "6.  Requests the Secretary-General to present a report to the
    thirty-seventh session of the Commission on the implications and options
    of appointing, if necessary, a special thematic rapporteur on violence
    against women, including outlining possible terms of reference";

was replaced by the following text:

         "6.  Requests Governments, international organizations,
    non-governmental organizations, other relevant bodies and academics to
    continue to undertake research into the causes of violence against women";

    (e)  Operative paragraph 7, which had read:

         "7.  Urges Governments to address violence against women at the
    Fourth World Conference on Women:  Action for Equality, Development and
    Peace (1995) as one of the key obstacles to women's advancement, including
    the consideration of medium- and longer-term measures to eradicate all
    forms of violence against women";

was revised to read:

         "7.  Urges Governments to address violence against women at the
    Fourth World Conference on Women:  Action for Equality, Development and
    Peace, to be held in 1995, as one of the major obstacles to women's
    advancement".

55. At the same meeting, the Deputy Director of the Division for the
Advancement of Women stated that the convening of a five-day inter-sessional
working group of the Commission before the end of 1992 (operative para./5 of
the draft resolution) would involve conference-servicing requirements in the
amount of $146,400, at full cost, the actual costs of which would be set
against the provision already made under section 32 of the programme budget
for the biennium 1992-1993, in accordance with the existing methodology for
budgeting for conference-servicing requirements in relation to the inclusion
of additional meetings in the calendar of meetings and conferences.  It would
also require costs estimated at $140,000 to cover the travel of participants
in the working group if they are nominated and confirmed in accordance with
established procedure.  It would also require travel of one staff member from
New York to service the meeting, at a cost of $5,000.

56. At the same meeting, the Commission adopted the revised draft resolution
(see chap. I, sect. A, draft resolution V).


                    Communications on the status of women

57. The Commission had before it a draft resolution (E/CN.6/1992/L.2) entitled
"Communications concerning the status of women", which the Commission, in its
decision 35/103 of 8 March 1991, had decided to defer for consideration at its
thirty-sixth session.

58. At the 8th meeting, on 17 March, the representative of the United States
of America, on behalf of Australia,/36/ Austria, Belgium,/36/ Bulgaria,
Canada, Co^te d'Ivoire, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark,/36/ Finland, Morocco,
the Netherlands, New Zealand,/36/ Norway,/36/ Poland, the Russian Federation,
Sweden,/36/ Switzerland,/36/ Thailand, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Northern Ireland,/36/ the United States of America and Zaire, subsequently
joined by Germany, 36/ and Rwanda, introduced a revised draft resolution
(E/CN.6/1992/L.2/Rev.1) entitled "Communications on the status of women",
which read as follows:

         "The Economic and Social Council,

         "Recalling its resolutions 76/(V) of 5 August 1947 and 304/I (XI) of
    14 and 17/July 1950, which form the basis for the mandate of the
    Commission on the Status of Women to receive at each of its regular
    sessions a list of confidential and non-confidential communications
    relating to the status of women,

         "Taking into consideration its resolution 1983/27 of 26/May/1983, in
    which it reaffirmed the mandate of the Commission to consider confidential
    and non-confidential communications on the status of women and authorized
    the Commission to appoint a working group on communications to consider
    and prepare a report to the Commission on such communications,

         "Recalling its resolution 1986/29 of 23 May 1986, in which it invited
    Member States to report to the Secretary-General on legislative and other
    measures they have taken to prevent physical violence against detained
    women that is specific to their sex, and requested the Commission to
    continue to consider communications relating to the status of women and to
    make recommendations to the Economic and Social Council, if necessary,

         "Reaffirming that discrimination against women is incompatible with
    human dignity and that women and men should participate on the basis of
    equality, irrespective of race or creed, in the social, economic and
    political processes of their countries,

         "Recognizing that the mandate of the Commission to consider
    communications is crucial to its central role in monitoring and
    formulating recommendations to implement the Nairobi Forward-looking
    Strategies for the Advancement of Women, and promotes its ability to

    fulfil other aspects of its mandate regarding the elimination of
    discrimination against women,

         "Recalling its resolution 1990/8 of 24/May/1990, by which it
    requested the Secretary-General to examine, in consultation with
    Governments, the existing mechanisms for communications on the status of
    women, in order to ensure that such communications receive effective and
    appropriately coordinated consideration in view of the role of
    communications in the work of the Commission, and to report thereon to the
    Commission at its thirty-fifth session,

         "Having considered the report of the Secretary-General on examining
    existing mechanisms for communications on the status of women, which
    contains a number of valuable suggestions for improving the efficiency and
    usefulness of those mechanisms,

         "Noting the conclusion of the Working Group on Communications in its
    report to the thirty-fifth session of the Commission that while the
    communications procedure provided a valuable source of information on the
    effects of discrimination on the lives of women, it should be improved to
    make it more efficient and useful, and that clear criteria for receiving
    communications should be given,

         "Having considered the report of the Secretary-General on violence
    against women in all its forms (E/CN.6/1992/4), which states that through
    an enhanced communication procedure, the Commission could be better
    advised on the many manifestations of violence against women and develop
    appropriate measures to encourage Governments to accelerate their work to
    prevent and remedy violence,

         "1.  Reaffirms that the Commission on the Status of Women is
    empowered to make recommendations to the Economic and Social Council on
    what action should be taken on emerging trends and patterns of
    discrimination against women revealed by such communications;

         "2.  Requests the Secretary-General to publicize widely among
    international and national organizations, in particular, women's groups,
    the existence and scope of the communication mechanisms of the Commission;

         "3.  Further requests the Secretary-General to support the activities
    of the Commission with regard to its consideration of communications and
    to ensure proper coordination of the activities of the Commission in this
    area and those of the bodies of the Council, by taking the following
    action:

         "(a) To ensure that the Division for the Advancement of Women of the
    United/Nations/Office at Vienna and the Centre for Human Rights coordinate
    closely so that all communications received are sent as soon as possible
    to the appropriate United/Nations body and to each concerned Member State,
    and that the respective offices are informed of the disposition of the
    communications;

         "(b) To encourage the specialized agencies of the United/Nations to
    provide to the Commission, through the Division for the Advancement of
    Women, communications or other information in their possession that is
    relevant to discrimination against women;

         "(c) To make available to authors of communications any
    recommendations by the Commission to the Council on situations brought to
    the attention of the Commission by the Working Group on Communications;

         "4.  Reaffirms that the consideration by the Commission of the
    communications shall remain confidential until such time as the Commission
    may decide to make recommendations to the Council;

         "5.  Requests that the Commission, in order to avoid duplication of
    work, determine whether a trend or pattern of discrimination against women
    revealed by communications should be brought to the attention of another
    United/Nations body or specialized agency that might be better able to
    take appropriate action;

         "6.  Further requests the Commission to establish an open-ended
    working group during its thirty-seventh session to recommend:

         "(a) Ways of making the existing procedure for receiving and
    considering communications, including the standard of admissibility, more
    transparent and efficient, taking into account the report of the
    Secretary-General to the thirty-fifth session of the Commission;

         "(b) Ways of requesting additional information on a trend or pattern
    of discrimination against women when it is needed to enable the Commission
    to recommend appropriate action to the Council so that the Commission at
    its thirty-seventh session may make appropriate recommendations on these
    points to the Council;

         "7.  Requests the Secretary-General to ensure that any costs
    resulting from the activities set out in the present resolution are kept
    to a minimum and that the activities are carried out within existing
    resources."

59. At the 13th meeting, on 20 March, the representative of China, on behalf
of China, the United Republic of Tanzania and Zimbabwe, introduced and orally
revised amendments (E/CN.6/1992/L.19) to the revised draft resolution
contained in document E/CN.6/1992/L.2/Rev.1.  The amendments called for:

    (a)  The replacement, in the second preambular paragraph, of the words "on
communications to consider and prepare a report to the Commission on such
communications" by the words "to consider communications, with a view to
bringing to the attention of the Commission those communications, including
the replies of Governments, which appear to reveal a consistent pattern of
reliably attested injustice and discriminatory practices against women";

    (b)  The deletion of the third and fifth preambular paragraphs;

    (c)  The replacement of the seventh preambular paragraph by the following
text:

          "Taking note of the report of the Secretary-General on examining
    existing mechanisms for communications on the status of women and the
    various views expressed by Governments";

    (d)  The deletion of the ninth preambular paragraph;

    (e)  The deletion of operative paragraphs 3 (c) and 6.

60. At the 14th meeting, on 20 March, the Secretary of the Commission read out
the following changes to the revised draft resolution (E/CN.6/1992/L.2/Rev.1),
agreed upon during informal consultations:

    (a)  In the second preambular paragraph, the words "on communications to
consider and prepare a report to the Commission on such communications" were
replaced by the words "to consider communications, with a view to bringing to
the attention of the Commission those communications, including the replies of
Governments, which appear to reveal a consistent pattern of reliably attested
injustice and discriminatory practices against women";

    (b)  The third and fifth preambular paragraphs were deleted;

    (c)  The seventh preambular paragraph was replaced by the following text:

         "Taking note of the report of the Secretary-General on examining
    existing mechanisms for communications on the status of women and the
    various views expressed by Governments";

    (d)  The ninth preambular paragraph was deleted;

    (e)  Operative paragraph 6 was reworded to read as follows:

         "6.  Further requests the Commission to consider, as appropriate,
    ways of making the existing procedure for receiving and considering
    communications, including the standard of admissibility, more transparent
    and efficient, taking into account the report of the Secretary-General on
    examining existing mechanisms for communications on the status of women,
    which was submitted to the Commission at its thirty-fifth session."

61. At the same meeting, the Commission adopted the revised draft resolution
(E/CN.6/1992/L.2/Rev.1), as orally revised (see chap. I, sect. A, draft
resolution VI).

62. In the light of the adoption of draft resolution E/CN.6/1992/L.2/Rev.1,
the amendments contained in document E/CN.6/1992/L.19 were withdrawn by the
sponsors.

63. After the draft resolution was adopted, statements were made by the
representatives of the United States of America and China.


                     Advancement of women and the family

64. At the 8th meeting, on 17 March, the observer for Belgium,/36/ on behalf
of Australia,/36/ Austria, Belarus,/36/ Belgium,/36/ Bulgaria, Canada,
Czechoslovakia, Denmark,/36/ Ghana, Greece,/36/ Italy, the Netherlands, the
Philippines, Poland, Portugal,/36/ Spain, Switzerland,/36/ the Russian
Federation, Thailand, Venezuela, Zaire and Zambia, introduced a draft
resolution (E/CN.6/1992/L.9) entitled "The advancement of women and the
family".

65. At the 12th meeting, on 19 March, the Commission had before it a revised
draft resolution (E/CN.6/1992/L.9/Rev.1), which was submitted by the original
sponsors joined by Argentina,/36/ Japan, Rwanda and Zimbabwe.  The changes in
the revised draft resolution were as follows:

    (a)  Subparagraph 2 (a), which had read:

         "(a) That the family is a changing system of relationships between
    individuals, and that society and policies must therefore remain open and
    adaptable to different forms of the family";

was revised to read:

         "(a) That families are changing systems of relationships between
    individuals, and that society and policies must therefore be responsive
    and receptive to their needs";

    (b)  Subparagraph 2 (b), which had read:

         "(b) That individual rights of women, men and children should be
    respected equally and that, in cases of conflict, they should have equal
    opportunities to assert those rights";

was revised to read:

         "(b) That individual rights of women and men should be respected
    equally and they should have equal opportunities to assert those rights";

    (c)  Subparagraph 2 (f), which had read:

         "(f) That partnerships between individuals should be based on
    flexible and appropriate forms";

was deleted and subparagraphs/(g) to (k) were relettered (f) to (j).

66. At the same meeting, the Commission adopted the revised draft resolution
(see chap. I, sect. C, resolution 36/1).


            Inclusion of the question of women in the agendas of
                     forthcoming international meetings

67. At the 8th meeting, on 17 March, the representative of Brazil, on behalf
of the Latin American and Caribbean States that are members of the Commission,
subsequently joined by Egypt, Indonesia, Italy, Morocco, the Philippines and
Rwanda, introduced a draft resolution (E/CN.6/1992/L.10) entitled "Women on
the agenda of forthcoming international meetings".

68. At the 12th meeting, on 19 March, the Commission adopted the draft
resolution (see chap. I, sect. C, resolution 36/2).


                                 Chapter IV

                               PRIORITY THEMES


69. The Commission considered item 5 of its agenda at its 5th to 10th, 12th
and 14th/meetings, on 13 and 16 to 20/March/1992.  It had before it the
following documents:

    (a)  Report of the Secretary-General on the elimination of de jure and
de/facto discrimination against women (E/CN.6/1992/7);

    (b)  Report of the Secretary-General on the integration of women in the
process of development (E/CN.6/1992/8);

    (c)  Report of the Secretary-General on women and the environment
(E/CN.6/1992/9);

    (d)  Report of the Secretary-General on equal participation in all efforts
to promote international cooperation, peace and disarmament (E/CN.6/1992/10).

70. The Director of the Division for the Advancement of Women introduced the
item.  Under the priority theme of development, she emphasized that there was
a need for new approaches to improve the participation of women and their
integration into the development process.


               A.  Equality:  Elimination of de jure and de facto
                   discrimination against women

71. Many representatives stated that in spite of considerable achievements in
the elimination of de jure discrimination in many countries, discrimination
continued to exist in practice in all countries.  Discriminatory practices
prevented women from realizing their potential and affected society as a
whole.  Many representatives emphasized the recent achievements in legal
equality, including the abolition of discriminatory provisions in existing
laws, the introduction of corresponding amendments and new anti-discriminatory
laws relating to different spheres of life.  Several representatives
emphasized that adherence to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of
Discrimination against Women was a signal to countries to review their
legislation according to international standards.

72. Many representatives emphasized that there existed widespread disregard
for laws that protected women's rights.  Many representatives and observers
emphasized that the laws needed to be consistently enforced throughout the
legal and judicial systems.  An important step in the enforcement of legal
rights of women was to increase the knowledge and awareness of those rights
among women themselves, as well as among men.  Several representatives
stressed the necessity of organizing nationwide campaigns on legal literacy,
including establishing legal services for women.

73. Several representatives noted that the obstacles to achieving real
equality were rooted in existing stereotypes concerning the role of women in

society and in the persistence of traditional norms.  In that respect, many
representatives emphasized that active measures should be taken to eliminate
traditional stereotyping from textbooks and educational curricula.  Special
attention should be given to the mass media, which had a critical role in
changing people's attitudes.  To achieve real equality a different
understanding of parental responsibilities and the equitable sharing of work
in the household was as necessary as child-care facilities.  Many
representatives emphasized the importance of diversification of women's
choices in education, training and employment. 

74. Many representatives stressed that the concept of equality as expressed in
legislation mainly prohibited present discrimination, but ignored the effects
of past discrimination.  Many representatives noted that special temporary
measures could be undertaken to counterbalance the effects of past
discrimination in order to reduce or eliminate discrimination and to
facilitate the enforcement of existing anti-discriminatory legislation.

75. Several representatives noted that in order to help the progressive
development of policy-making in regard to positive action, systematic data
collection and exchange of information on the effectiveness of various
programmes and policies was needed.  It was suggested that the Economic
Commission for Europe might take new initiatives.

76. Many representatives described their experiences in implementing positive
action programmes.  Several representatives stressed that each step in the
implementation process should be matched by careful information campaigns,
especially at the community level.  It might be necessary to give greater
emphasis to developing educational strategies to ensure that positive action
was properly understood and implemented.  Several representatives noted that
obstacles to achieving de facto equality might, however, not be the same in
all countries.  A regional approach should be considered.

77. Several representatives reaffirmed the basic role of national and
international machinery in stimulating the implementation of positive action
in the framework of their equality programmes and policies.  Positive action
programmes should complement, but not substitute, action aimed at removing the
underlying causes of discrimination.

78. Many representatives stressed that the gap between de jure and de facto
equality existed, particularly in the area of decision-making, and especially
at the highest levels.  The introduction of quotas or targets was considered
an efficient way to close the gap.  Several representatives mentioned that the
introduction of quotas was considered a form of political manipulation and a
non-democratic practice.  Instead, the issue could be highlighted through
public debates, increased public awareness and information campaigns.


                               B.  Development

           1.  Integration of women in the process of development

79. Many representatives recalled the crucial importance of the contributions
of women of all ages in all aspects of development.  Women's contribution,
especially in food and agriculture, the allocation of women's earnings to the
basic needs of their families, and participation in production and government
service, was acknowledged.  It was stated that it would not be possible to
solve global problems without improving the role of women in development and
giving due recognition to their contribution.

80. Many representatives stressed the need to take into account the existing
interrelations between women and development and other issues, since women's
problems could not be solved in isolation of those fundamental issues. 
Several representatives emphasized the importance of specific interrelations,
not only at the macro level such as poverty, population issues, human rights
and democratization, but also at the micro level such as the productive and
nurturing roles of women, or the question of violence.  Many representatives
recognized the magnitude of the task and the complexity of integrating women
in development.  Concern was expressed about the decade already lost, the
slowness of implementing the Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies and the
rapidly increasing numbers of women in poverty.  In that connection, many
representatives stressed the efforts that would be required to ensure that 
peace and human rights were attained to enable women to participate fully in
development.  Improving the education of women and ensuring their
participation at all levels and in all areas of decision-making were often
considered essential conditions for women to fulfil their potential in
development.

81. Many representatives identified a number of continuing major obstacles to
the effective contribution of women to development.  In addition to the
problems of the lack of peace and of structural adjustment, the burden of
debt, the continuous deterioration of commodity prices, and protectionist
measures that had resulted in diminishing the availability of national and
international resources for the advancement of women, the current fundamental
changes in a number of societies had to be added.  The feminization of poverty
was an issue of growing concern.  In rural areas, it was due to the lack of
access to land and credit, and in urban areas to sex segregation in the labour
market or to uncontrolled migration.  Those questions were aggravated by
health problems and insufficient education, including the effects of the AIDS
epidemic.

82. Many representatives considered it important to strengthen both
governmental and non-governmental institutions concerned with the advancement
of women.  The strengthening should be carried out at all levels by training,
particularly in entrepreneurship for women.  Cooperation between institutions
should be enhanced to ensure greater effectiveness in their action.

83. Many representatives stressed the increasing need to develop policies and
programmes to rethink the concept of women in development, particularly in
relation to the empowerment of women.  That could be assisted by improving the
collection of gender-sensitive and disaggregated statistics and training in
gender analysis.  Several representatives stressed the usefulness of
incorporating into such efforts a life-course approach for the advancement of
women. 


                        2.  Women and the environment

84. Many representatives emphasized the strong linkage between the status of
women and their central role in environmental management and development, and
considered that women's contribution to environmental protection and
conservation had not been given sufficient recognition nor accorded the value
it deserved.  Some representatives recognized that sound environmental
management and conservation was the basis for sustainable development for
present and future generations.  Several representatives noted that, in rural
areas, women were the primary managers of natural resources and had developed
extensive traditional knowledge and skills through daily interaction with the
environment.

85. Many representatives stated that international cooperation was essential,
and concerted and determined efforts on the part of Governments and
intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations were necessary to meet
the challenge of environmentally sustainable development.  Many
representatives considered it essential that women's needs, concerns and
contributions were fundamentally incorporated into the planning for the United
Nations Conference on Environment and Development and in all its
documentation, in particular, Agenda 21.  Some representatives urged
Governments to ensure that women were included in the delegations being sent
to that Conference.  Other representatives stressed that future research
should be gender-sensitive, and that gender-impact analysis was important.  

86. Many representatives stressed that activities subsequent to the
Environment Conference should be coordinated with the monitoring mechanisms of
the Forward-looking Strategies, the preparations for the Fourth World
Conference on Women and the implementation of the Convention on the
Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women.  The Commission
should ensure that women's concerns were taken into account in all
multilateral bodies, and that the relevant parts of its report should be sent
by the Commission to the Preparatory Committee for the United Nations
Conference on Environment and Development, in accordance with General Assembly
resolution 46/167.

87. Many representatives observed that women were underrepresented at all
levels of decision-making and lacked the power to affect policies, at either
the micro or the macro level.  One representative stated that women's
perspective, needs and priorities should be reflected in the planning and
implementation of policies for the environment and development and that women
should participate in debates on the environment.

88. Several representatives considered that development and the alleviation of
poverty should be high priorities for the international community.  Poverty
continued to restrict women's capacities to take control of their lives and
make a positive contribution to ecologically sustainable development,
particularly in the developing countries, where environmental degradation had
been mainly a function of poverty and lack of information.

89. While one representative considered that donor aid agencies could
reinforce action for sustainable development and for the development of women
by linking aid to the level of the participation of women and to improvement
in their status, another representative was concerned about imposing more

conditions on development assistance.  Another representative said that
attention should also be given to the level of the participation of women
during the designing and planning of projects and programmes aimed at
protecting and improving the environment.

90. Several representatives stressed the importance of and access to formal
and informal education, vocational training and retraining at all ages,
environmentally sound working conditions, health-care education and hygiene. 
A few representatives stated that programmes for environmental protection and
women in development should be suited to local circumstances.  Some
representatives reported on the existing programmes for afforestation and
waste land development and on the efforts made to deal with desertification,
erosion and pollution, and on research into alternative energy sources to
reduce the use of fuelwood in rural areas.  Others informed the Commission of
legal reforms and the establishment of committees to monitor
pollution-producing industries.  

91. Some representatives said that women should have access to finances,
credit and equal employment opportunities, equal rights to ownership, access
to and control over land and other natural resources and access to information
and to environmentally sound technology.  One representative said that the
benefits derived by women from programmes directed at conservation, such as
new skills, income generation, confidence-building and improvement in the
standard of living and status, should be documented, shared and disseminated
to the Environment Conference.  One observer stressed that the utilization of
women's knowledge in animal husbandry, the use of medicinal plants and the use
of land was essential.

92. One representative commented that the growing world population had
contributed to the loss of natural resources.  Another observer emphasized the
importance of the role of women and their right to make decisions in
population planning.  As activists and leaders, women were involved in
campaigns to promote environmental awareness and protection and that should be
extended to all countries.  A few representatives commented on the imbalance
in consumption of global resources and the practice of dumping toxic wastes in
developing countries.  Some observers encouraged research in and fairer
distribution and transfer of alternative cleaner technologies, and access by
women to those technologies was considered important.  One observer reported
on the ecological, genetic, psychological and biological effects of the
Chernobyl nuclear disaster that still affected women and families in the area;
others referred to the effects on the environment of forced migrations and the
conditions during armed conflicts, such as water and energy shortages and
destruction of arable land. 


           C.  Peace:  Equal participation in all efforts to promote
               international cooperation, peace and disarmament

93. Many representatives referred to women's underrepresentation in
decision-making bodies, including those of the United Nations system, and in
international negotiations, and stressed that rapid change was needed to
redress the situation.  

94. A few representatives emphasized the relationship between women's low
participation in public life and decision-making at the national level and the
absence of women from the peace process at the international level.  One
representative stated that women could make a difference in the peace process
by creating a more collaborative, less confrontational atmosphere, according
to the findings of a study on women and arms control in her country.  

95. A few representatives agreed that when women's participation reached what
was referred to as a critical mass they could change the substance and style
of politics.  One representative stated that more research was needed to find
a sound basis for enlarging the access of women to decision-making and to
analyse the question of the difference an increased participation of women
would make to the outcome of politics.  A few representatives noted that,
owing to the unavailability of data, the report was based mainly on the
experience of women from developed countries, and more information on women in
developing countries would be helpful in the future.  One representative
stressed in that connection the importance of women's active participation in
elections as both candidates and voters, political education for women,
enjoyment of civil rights and responsibilities, and training contestants for
participation in political parties.  Another representative noted important
correlations between the participation of women in decision-making and
education, transparency of the political system, democracy, and clear criteria
for selecting candidates and officials.

96. Many representatives referred to new dimensions and major changes in
international relations.  They were characterized on the one hand by
disintegration of political systems, formation of new States, emerging
problems related to external debt, threats to the environment, unemployment,
unusual numbers of refugees, AIDS, prostitution of minors, drug trafficking,
terrorism, armed conflicts, and poverty, and on the other hand by democratic
changes in some parts of the world, optimism accompanying the end of the cold
war and peace efforts in the Middle East, and attempts to establish a just new
international order, based on law, peace, stability and social progress. 
Women should be fully involved in ongoing processes, reforms and
democratization. 

97. Many representatives stressed the need for women's equal participation in
all peace efforts, including national and international decision-making,
enabling women's contribution to conflict resolution, security, applicability
of the principles of the Charter of the United Nations and international law,
policy formulation and creation of democratic systems.  Attention should be
given to measures aimed at accelerated participation of women in resolving
global problems, such as sustainable development, environment, population,
science and technology, and poverty alleviation, in order to make a decisive
contribution to world peace and decision-making by the year 2000.  One
representative noted the 30 per cent involvement of female United Nations
staff in the peace process in Namibia, and expressed the hope that women would
continue to play important roles in future United Nations peace-keeping
missions.  One representative referred to the World Conference on Human
Rights, to be held in 1993, as a good opportunity for raising that issue at
the international level.  Some representatives mentioned the new commitments
to women's equality that had been introduced at the Conference for Security
and Cooperation in Europe.

98. Attention was drawn by many representatives to the situation of women and
children in the areas affected by armed conflicts, foreign occupation, civil
unrest, violations of human rights, oppression and drought.  One
representative expressed concern about the fact that women local leaders,
administrators and social workers were victims of direct acts of violence
related to drug trafficking.  Many representatives stated that women's rights
could not be realized under foreign domination as it hindered women's
advancement.  One representative referred to the situation of Palestinian
women and children, and women and children in South Africa and southern
Lebanon.  One representative addressed the shortage of food and medicine in
Iraq, owing to economic sanctions, and its consequences for women and
children.  One representative requested the Secretary-General to send a group
of experts to southern Lebanon and to report on the situation of women and
children to the Commission at its thirty-seventh session.  Some
representatives referred to the new roles that women were assuming under
emergency situations:  assisting their families, contributing to the national
economy, and participating in political life, including decision-making bodies
and negotiations at a high level.

99. Many representatives noted women's important role in economic and social
restructuring as times of transformation and economic crisis require the
utilization of all human resources.  Although democratic evolution should, by
definition, allow the full participation of women, the experience in Eastern
Europe had shown that women's participation in peace, disarmament and
international cooperation remained very low.  It was stated that some women
were tired by daily hardship and stress, and were therefore reluctant to
participate in politics, decision-making bodies, trade unions or cultural
associations.  However, many representatives noted the various women's
activities emerging under new circumstances, such as new lobbies, pressure
groups and citizens' movements, acting towards transparency of the
administration, direct democracy, free choice of school system, reform of
institutions, empowerment of women, encouragement of female political
candidates and elaboration of new laws.  Some representatives referred to
income-generating projects that were helping to develop managerial skills and
sensitize policy makers to gender equality, and to train for decision-making
and for education on peace and equality within families.  Some obstacles to
the participation of women in decision-making, such as the lack of education,
multiple roles, archaic attitudes, traditions, and limited access to health
and income, were mentioned in that connection.

100.     Many representatives stressed that peace should be given special
attention as one of the priority themes of the forthcoming World Conference on
Women.  One representative suggested that studies should be undertaken to
evaluate the impact of women on peace-making by the year 2000.


                       ACTION TAKEN BY THE COMMISSION

                    Advancement of women and human rights

101.     At the 10th meeting, on 18 March, the representative of Spain, on
behalf of Australia,/37/ Belgium,/37/ Czechoslovakia, Denmark,/37/ Ecuador,
Egypt, Finland, France, Germany, 37/ Ghana, Greece, 37/ Italy, the
Netherlands, Norway, 37/ the Philippines, Portugal, 37/ the Russian
Federation, Spain, Sweden 37/ and Switzerland, 37/ subsequently joined by
Austria, Canada, Ireland, 37/ Morocco, Peru, Poland, Thailand and Venezuela,
introduced a draft resolution (E/CN.6/1992/L.14) entitled "Advancement of
women and human rights".

102.     At the 13th meeting, on 20 March, the Secretary of the Commission
informed the Commission that, as a result of informal consultations, it had
been agreed to replace the word "particular" in operative paragraph 2 by the
word "adequate".

103.     At the same meeting, the Deputy Director of the Division for the
Advancement of Women stated that the conference-servicing costs at full cost
for four meetings of an open-ended in-session working group would amount to
$99,500, the actual costs of which would be set against the provision already
made under section 32 of the programme budget for the biennium 1992-1993, in
accordance with the existing methodology for budgeting for
conference-servicing requirements in relation to the inclusion of additional
meetings in the calendar of meetings and conferences.

104.     At the same meeting, the Commission adopted the draft resolution, as
orally revised (see chap. I, sect. A, draft resolution VII).


                       Women in decision-making bodies

105.     At the 10th meeting, on 18 March, the representative of Italy, on
behalf of Austria, Denmark,/37/ Egypt, France, Germany,/37/ Ghana, Greece,/37/
Italy, Jamaica, Mexico, the Philippines, Portugal,/37/ Spain, Switzerland,/37/
Venezuela and Zambia, subsequently joined by the Bahamas, Belarus,/37/ Chile,
Co^te d'Ivoire, Czechoslovakia, Ecuador, Indonesia, Japan, Lebanon,/37/
Malaysia, Morocco, Nigeria, Thailand, Turkey,/37/ the United Republic of
Tanzania, the United States of America, Yemen/37/ and Zaire, introduced a
draft resolution (E/CN.6/1992/L.15) entitled "Women in decision-making
bodies".

106.     At the 12th meeting, on 19 March, the Secretary of the Commission
read out the following revisions to the draft resolution agreed upon during
informal consultations:

    (a)  In the fourth preambular paragraph, the words "absent from" were
replaced by the words "underrepresented in";

    (b)  In operative paragraph 1, the word "gender" was inserted between the
words "full" and "equality" and the words "for women" at the end of the
paragraph were deleted;

    (c)  In operative paragraph 2, the word "provide" was replaced by the
words "put forward";

    (d)  In operative paragraph 3, the word "highest" was replaced by the word
"high-level".

107.     At the same meeting, the Commission adopted the draft resolution, as
orally revised (see chap. I, sect. C, resolution 36/3).


                Integration of elderly women into development

108.     At the 10th meeting, on 18 March, the representative of France, on
behalf of Austria, Co^te d'Ivoire, France, Ghana, Greece,/37/ Italy, Malaysia,
Morocco, Pakistan, Poland, Portugal,/37/ Rwanda, Spain, Tunisia/37/ and Zaire,
introduced a draft resolution (E/CN.6/1992/L.16) (reissued) entitled
"Integration of elderly women into development".

109.     At the 13th meeting, on 20 March, the Commission had before it a
revised draft resolution (E/CN.6/1992/L.16/Rev.1) sponsored by the Bahamas,
Co^te d'Ivoire, Czechoslovakia, Egypt, France, Ghana, Greece,/37/ Italy,
Malaysia, Morocco, Pakistan, Poland, Portugal,/37/ Rwanda, Spain, Tunisia,/37/
the United States of America and Zaire, subsequently joined by Australia,/37/
the United Republic of Tanzania and Yemen/37/ which included the following
change:

    Operative paragraph 2, which had read:

         "Also invites the Secretary-General to undertake a study of the
    condition of elderly women, to be incorporated in future appraisals of the
    implementation of the International Plan of Action on Ageing and the
    Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies",

was revised to read:

         "Calls upon the Secretary-General to compile within existing
    resources a comprehensive annotated bibliography on the status of elderly
    women so that research already being conducted world wide can be
    incorporated in future assessments".

110.     At the same meeting, the Deputy Director of the Division for the
Advancement of Women stated that the implementation of operative paragraph 11
of the draft resolution would require nine work-months of consultancy, at a
cost of $45,000, of which $15,000 could be absorbed within consultancy
provisions already made under section 21C of the programme budget for the
biennium 1992-1993.

111.     At the same meeting, the Commission adopted the revised draft
resolution (see chap. I, sect. C, resolution 36/4).


                            Women and development

112.     At the 10th meeting, on 18 March, the representative of Nigeria, on
behalf of the States Members of the United Nations that are members of the
Group of 77, introduced a draft resolution (E/CN.6/1992/L.11) entitled "Women
and development".

113.     At the 14th meeting, on 20 March, the representative of Nigeria, on
behalf of the sponsors, made a statement.

114.     At the same meeting, Australia, 37/ Italy, New Zealand, 37/ and
Turkey,/37/ joined in sponsoring the draft resolution.

115.     Also at the same meeting, the Commission adopted the draft
resolution, by a roll-call vote of 42 to 1 (see chap. I, sect. C, resolution
36/5).  The voting was as follows:

    In favour:   Austria, Bangladesh, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, China,
                 Colombia, Co^te d'Ivoire, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Ecuador,
                 Egypt, Finland, France, Ghana, India, Indonesia, Iran
                 (Islamic Republic of), Italy, Japan, Madagascar, Malaysia,
                 Mexico, Morocco, Netherlands, Nigeria, Pakistan, Peru,
                 Philippines, Poland, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Spain,
                 Sudan, Thailand, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania,
                 Venezuela, Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

    Against:     United States of America.

    Abstaining:  None.

116.     Before the draft resolution was adopted, the representative of the
United States of America made a statement.

117.     The Chairperson of the Commission made a statement.


                          Women and the environment

118.     At the 10th meeting, on 18 March, the representative of Nigeria, on
behalf of the States Members of the United Nations that are members of the
Group of 77, introduced a draft resolution (E/CN.6/1992/L.12) entitled "Women
and the environment", which read as follows:

         "The Commission on the Status of Women,

         "Recalling the Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies for the Advancement
    of Women, in particular paragraphs 224 to 227, which emphasize the impact
    upon women of environmental degradation and the importance of the
    awareness of women and women's organizations of environmental issues and
    of the enhancement of women's capacity to participate at all levels in the
    management of their environment,



         "Recalling also Economic and Social Council resolution 1990/15, in
    which the Council adopted the recommendations and conclusions arising from
    the first review and appraisal of the implementation of the Nairobi
    Forward-looking Strategies for the Advancement of Women,

         "Bearing in mind the preparations for the United Nations Conference
    on Environment and Development, to be held at Rio de Janeiro from 1 to
    12/June/1992, on the basis of General Assembly resolution 44/228,

         "Taking into account all relevant resolutions of the General
    Assembly, in particular resolution 46/167 on women, environment,
    population and sustainable development,

         "Taking note of the conclusions and recommendations of the Global
    Assembly of Women and the Environment:  Partners in Life, held at Miami,
    Florida, from 4/to/8/November 1991,

         "Expressing its concern about the global environmental crisis and its
    conviction that women have a very important role to play in the protection
    of the environment and of natural resources and in the promotion of
    sustainable development,

         "Gravely concerned that the major cause of the continuing
    deterioration of the global environment is an unsustainable pattern of
    production and consumption, particularly in developed countries,

         "Aware of the high level of resources and technology needed to
    implement programmes and projects aimed at the promotion of
    environmentally sound development,

         "Stressing the importance of the international transfer of
    appropriate technologies to the promotion of sound environment and
    sustainable development,

         "Recognizing that the cooperation and assistance of as well as the
    work performed by the non-governmental organizations are efficient
    mechanisms in the struggle for protecting and preserving the environment
    and for promoting the full participation of women in the management of the
    environment,

         "1.  Urges Governments to adopt laws, policies and programmes to
    promote the preservation of the environment in their countries, in the
    interest of present and future populations and of humankind;

         "2.  Also urges national, State and local governments, as well as
    governmental and non-governmental organizations and the private sector, to
    promote a higher level of involvement of women in the planning,
    implementation and evaluation of policies, programmes and action aiming at
    environmental protection, the conservation of natural resources and
    economic development;

         "3.  Urges Governments to promote within their programmes of
    environmental management, specific activities aimed at the education and
    professional and leadership training of women in environmental issues;

         "4.  Calls for new and additional funds to finance the promotion of
    sustainable development in developing countries in general and in the
    least developed countries in particular, channelled by means of democratic
    and appropriate institutional mechanisms and serving the local and
    domestic environmental issues of those countries;

         "5.  Also calls for the active participation of women in the
    management of funds allocated to the protection of the environment and to
    economic development;

         "6.  Calls upon Governments, mainly in developed countries, as well
    as governmental and non-governmental organizations, to promote change in
    production policies and consumption habits and to promote the development
    and transfer of less polluting technologies that make more efficient use
    of energy and non-renewable resources;

         "7.  Reminds Governments, governmental and non-governmental
    organizations, as well as transnational corporations, of the necessity of
    facilitating the access of women in developing countries to
    environmentally friendly appropriate technologies;

         "8.  Invites the Governments of donor countries, international
    organizations and relevant non-governmental organizations to strengthen
    their cooperation with and assistance to developing countries, with a view
    to the preservation of the environment and the promotion of sustainable
    development in those countries;

         "9.  Urges Governments to put more emphasis on linkages between
    environmental management and underlying problems (poverty, population
    growth and distribution, unsanitary living conditions, and lack of water,
    among others) and on action to deal with such problems;

         "10. Requests national Governments and all governmental and
    non-governmental organizations to ensure the equitable participation of
    women in their delegations to the United Nations Conference on Environment
    and Development;

         "11. Requests the Secretary-General to monitor the progress made in
    the area of women and the environment and to submit a review and appraisal
    on the subject to the Commission at its thirty-eighth session, to serve as
    a working document in the preparations for the Fourth World Conference on
    Women:  Action for Equality, Development and Peace, in 1995."

119.     At the 13th meeting, on 20 March, the Commission had before it a
revised draft resolution (E/CN.6/1992/L.12/Rev.1), which included the
following changes:

    (a)  The seventh preambular paragraph was replaced by the following text:

         "Gravely concerned that major causes of the continuing deterioration
    of the global environment are the unsustainable pattern of production and
    consumption, particularly in developed countries, and increasing poverty
    in many developing countries";

    (b)  The eighth preambular paragraph was replaced by the following text:

         "Aware that traditional and advanced technologies are needed to
    implement programmes and projects aimed at the promotion of
    environmentally sound development";

    (c)  In operative paragraph 1, the words "women's participation in" were
inserted between the words "to promote" and "the preservation";

    (d)  Operative paragraph 4 was replaced by the following text:

         "4.  Requests Governments and multilateral financial institutions to
    promote new and additional financial resources for the promotion of
    women's participation in sustainable development in the developing
    countries in general and in the least developed countries in particular,
    channelled by means of democratic and appropriate institutional mechanisms
    responsive to the priorities of women in the target communities";

    (e)  In operative paragraph 5, the word "economic" was replaced by the
word "sustainable";

    (f)  Operative paragraph 6 was replaced by the following text:

         "6.  Calls upon Governments, non-governmental organizations and other
    social groups, women's organizations in particular, to promote the
    necessary changes in production policies and consumption habits, mainly in
    developed countries, and also to promote the development of effective
    international cooperation in the areas of research, development and the
    application of environmentally sound technologies";

    (g)  Operative paragraph 8 was replaced by the following text:

         "8.  Invites the Governments of donor countries, international
    organizations and relevant non-governmental organizations to ensure that
    greater attention is given to women's contributions to environmental
    protection and management in their cooperation with and assistance to
    developing countries, with a view to preserving the environment and
    promoting sustainable development in those countries";

    (h)  A new operative paragraph 11 was inserted, which read as follows:

         "11. Requests the Preparatory Committee for the United Nations
    Conference on Environment and Development, at its fourth session, to give
    full and substantive consideration to the recommendations of the
    Commission concerning women and the environment, in accordance with
    General Assembly resolution 46/167";

    (i)  Existing operative paragraph 11 was renumbered accordingly.

120.     Also at the 13th meeting, the representative of Nigeria, on behalf of
the sponsors, made the following oral revisions:


    (a)  In operative paragraph 4, the word "promote" was replaced by the word
"provide";

    (b)  In operative paragraph 7, the word "friendly" was replaced by the
word "sound";

121.     At the same meeting, the Deputy Director of the Division for the
Advancement of Women stated that the Division had been informed that the
United Nations Environment Programme might provide support and, on that
assumption, the draft resolution would not have programme budget implications.

122.     Also at the same meeting, the Commission adopted the revised draft
resolution, as orally revised (see chap. I, sect. C, resolution 36/6).

123.     After the draft resolution was adopted, the representative of the
United States of America made a statement.


          Advancement of women and acts of terrorism against women

124.     At the 10th meeting, on 18 March, the representative of Peru, on
behalf of Argentina,/37/ the Bahamas, Bolivia,/37/ Chile, Ecuador, Peru, the
Philippines, Poland, Uruguay/37/ and Venezuela, introduced a draft resolution
(E/CN.6/1992/L.17).

125.     At the 12th meeting, on 19 March, the Commission had before it a
revised draft resolution (E/CN.6/1992/L.17/Rev.1) entitled "Terrorism and the
status of women", which was submitted by the original sponsors joined by
Colombia, India, Lebanon, 37/ Pakistan and Spain, and which included the
following changes:

    (a)  A new first preambular paragraph was inserted, which read:

         "Taking into account the fact that the Nairobi Forward-looking
    Strategies for the Advancement of Women have identified violence against
    women as one of the major obstacles to the achievement of the objectives
    of the United Nations Decade for Women:  Equality, Development and Peace";

    (b)  Operative paragraph 2, which had read:

         "Expresses its profound concern at the persistent violation of human
    rights by armed groups and by drug traffickers who terrorize the
    population and threaten the safety and lives of women";

was revised to read:

         "Expresses its profound concern about the adverse effect on the
    enjoyment of human rights caused by armed groups and by drug traffickers
    who terrorize the population and threaten the safety and lives of women".

126.     At the same meeting, the Secretary of the Commission read out the
following changes to the revised draft resolution, agreed upon during informal
consultations:

    (a)  The title of the revised draft resolution was changed to read
"Advancement of women and acts of terrorism against women";

    (b)  Operative paragraph 4, which had read:

         "Agrees to examine this issue as part of item 4 of the agenda for the
    next meeting of the Commission";

was revised to read:

         "Decides to consider this question under the priority theme "Peace"
    at its thirty-seventh session.

127.     Also at the same meeting, the Commission adopted the revised draft
resolution, as orally revised (see chap. I, sect. C, resolution 36/7).

128.     Before the draft resolution was adopted, the representative of France
made a statement.



                                  Chapter V

           PREPARATIONS FOR THE FOURTH WORLD CONFERENCE ON WOMEN:
                 ACTION FOR EQUALITY, DEVELOPMENT AND PEACE


129.     The Commission considered item 6 of its agenda jointly with agenda
item/4 (monitoring the implementation of the Nairobi Forward-looking
Strategies for the Advancement of Women) 38/ at its 1st to 5th, 11th and 14th
meetings, on 11/to/13, 18 and 20 March 1992.  It had before it the report of
the Secretary-General (E/CN.6/1992/3).

130.     The Director of the Division for the Advancement of Women introduced
the item.  She noted that the report of the Secretary-General had been
prepared in collaboration with the organizations of the United Nations system
as well as non-governmental organizations.  The report contained a number of
specific proposals and identified issues on which the Commission was expected
to take action.  She emphasized that the question of resources was of
considerable importance for the Conference.  

131.     Most representatives reaffirmed the importance and unique role of the
Conference.  Others noted that 1995 was a good time for holding the Conference
as it coincided with the fiftieth anniversary of the United/Nations, the
twentieth anniversary of International Women's Year and the tenth anniversary
of the Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies.  Many representatives also stressed
the impact of the ongoing changes at the international level.  Preparations
for the Conference were beginning at a time of new opportunities and
challenges, as well as of new threats to the advancement of women.  The
Conference was an opportunity to demonstrate the relationship of the
advancement of women to the political, economic and social issues relevant to
the development of societies and communities.  

132.     Many representatives noted that the implementation of the Nairobi
Forward-looking Strategies had been slowing down.  That constituted a cost to
society as a whole, as was noted by 28/specialized agencies and organizations
of the United/Nations system in a joint statement to the Commission, as well
as by a few representatives.  It was hoped, therefore, that the World
Conference itself, and the entire preparatory process leading up to 1995,
would give a new impetus/to the implementation of the Nairobi Forward-looking
Strategies, to/the renewal of political commitment and to the identification
of gender-responsive development strategies, public policies and
gender-sensitive monitoring and evaluation systems.  Many representatives
emphasized that the process leading to the Conference, as well as the
Conference itself, should be forward-looking and action-oriented.  Several
representatives stated that the entire process would enhance global awareness
of the status of women, especially in developing countries, and would identify
the major obstacles to women's advancement.  They called for a broad
information campaign on the Conference and its preparations.  

133.     The platform for action should comprise only a few issues and
establish concrete, achievable and measurable goals to accelerate equality by
the year/2000.  Innovative statistical data should be used to illustrate the
situation of women as compared to men.  Several representatives, including
some from the specialized agencies, agreed that the platform for action should
deal with emerging world issues, including human development issues, and
problems linked to the international economic order, terms of trade, debt and
structural adjustment.  Others stressed that the platform should address
obstacles to the advancement of women.  Under equality, a few representatives
mentioned the unequal distribution of paid and unpaid work and the continuing
stereotyping of roles by the media and society.  A few representatives
stressed the persistence or re-emergence of those attitudes that constituted
an obstacle to the advancement of women.  Violence against women and the low
numbers of women in decision-making were mentioned under peace. 
Discrimination in the labour market, poverty and women's health, including
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), were highlighted as major obstacles
under development. 

134.     Several representatives stressed that a strong focus of the World
Conference should be on the girl child and the different stages of women's
lives.  They also identified positive goals, such as the establishment of a
caring society, and true partnership and sharing of responsibilities inside
the family, calling for the involvement of men in preparing for the
Conference.  The economic empowerment of women in general, and of rural women
in particular, was stressed.  Several representatives called for the increased
participation of women in peace-keeping.  

135.     Regarding preparations for the Conference, several representatives
expressed support for the establishment of national committees to serve as
catalysts for the preparations.  Others considered that effective national
machinery for the advancement of women was important, especially in gathering
information on the local situation and bringing national priorities into
regional and international activities; they expressed the hope that the
Conference would be influential in strengthening such machinery.  A few
representatives suggested that national-level action plans be developed in the
context of preparations for the Conference.  Many representatives noted the
important role of non-governmental organizations, and stated that local
non-governmental organizations and grass-roots women's organizations also had
a role to play and should be equipped to do so.  

136.     Many representatives reaffirmed the important role of the regional
commissions and supported the idea of regional technical meetings.  A few
representatives stated that regional activities should consolidate national
experience and identify common issues in the region.  Some representatives
indicated that a key issue in Africa was education, together with
entrepreneurship, as proposed by the Secretary-General in his report.  

137.     At the international level, several representatives proposed ensuring
that major international events leading up to 1995, such as the United/Nations
Conference on Environment and Development, the World Conference on Human
Rights, the International Conference on Population and Development and the
International Year of the Family, would have a gender perspective and include
the question of women on their agendas.  Many representatives of agencies and
organizations stressed the importance of inter-agency collaboration and of
cooperation with non-governmental organizations.  Some representatives
supported holding the postponed Interregional Consultation on Women in Public
Life in preparation for the Conference.

138.     On the issue of venue, the representative of China renewed the
invitation of his country to act as host for the Conference.  The
representative of Austria reported that informal consultations had been held
in New York with regard to the venue of the Conference.  He wished it to be
noted that, should the Commission decide to hold the 1995 Conference in China,
his country would be willing to act as host for a world conference in the year
2000.  Another representative welcomed that proposal.  

139.     Several representatives expressed the hope that the Secretary-General
of the Conference would be appointed without delay; one representative,
speaking on behalf of the State Members of the United Nations that are members
of the  European Economic Community, said that the Secretary-General should
work full-time on preparations for the Conference.  Some representatives
stated that the duration proposed for the Conference was too short.

140.     Many representatives expressed the need for greater participation of
non-governmental organizations, individuals, professional associations, groups
and the media in the Conference itself, as well as in the associated forum for
non-governmental organizations.  Several representatives suggested that
participation in the Conference should be extended beyond non-governmental
organizations in consultative status with the Economic and Social Council. 
Many representatives stated that the forum was important for creating
networks, cooperation and sharing of experience among non-governmental
organizations and for the future success of initiatives taken by the
Conference.  They stressed the need for all facilities to be made available to
it, and for close links to be established with the Conference itself,
substantially and organizationally.

The representative of China said that his country was prepared to play host to
non-governmental organizations in consultative status with the Economic and
Social Council for participation in the Conference and in the forum. 
Non-governmental organizations without such status and individuals wishing to
attend the forum were also welcome to attend.  

141.     Several representatives stressed the importance of extensive media
build-up and coverage of the Conference.   The possibility of using satellite
transmission was mentioned as a means of bringing the Conference to the
attention of the world.  

142.     Many representatives raised the issue of resources.  Others recalled
that the Conference had been expected to be held at the lowest possible cost,
and expressed the hope that resources for the 1995 Conference would not be
lower than those made available for other United Nations world conferences. 
Several representatives stated that United/Nations bodies involved in
preparing the Conference, such as the regional commissions and the Conference
secretariat, should be provided with financial and human resources
commensurate with their responsibilities and expressed the hope that the
Commission would take action on the issue of resources.  A few representatives
stressed the need for efficient and effective use of resources made available
for the Conference.  It was considered that extrabudgetary resources should be
mobilized for the Conference.  Additional resources had already been made
available by certain Member States.  Support was also expressed for the
proposal made by the

Secretary-General in his report that voluntary contributions could help to
finance the travel of representatives.  The proposal to mobilize bilateral and
multilateral assistance for preparations in developing countries, especially
in the least developed countries, was also welcomed.  


                       ACTION TAKEN BY THE COMMISSION

           Preparations for the Fourth World Conference on Women:
                 Action for Equality, Development and Peace

143.     At the 11th meeting, on 18 March, the Vice-Chairperson of the
Commission, Mrs. Olga Pellicer (Mexico), introduced a draft resolution
(E/CN.6/1992/L.18) entitled "Preparations for the Fourth World Conference on
Women:  Action for Equality, Development and Peace", submitted on the basis of
informal consultations, which read as follows:

         "The Commission on the Status of Women, as the preparatory body for
    the Fourth World Conference on Women, 

         "Recalling the Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies for the Advancement
    of/Women, endorsed by the General Assembly in its resolution/40/108 of 13
    December 1985,

         "Recalling also Economic and Social Council resolution 1987/20 of
    26/May/1987, in which the Council decided that the Commission on the
    Status of Women should be designated as the preparatory body for world
    conferences on women,

         "Recalling further Economic and Social Council resolution 1990/15 of
    24/May/1990 on the recommendations and conclusions arising from the first
    review and appraisal of the implementation of the Nairobi Forward-looking
    Strategies for the Advancement of Women to the year 2000,

         "Recalling also its resolution 35/4 of 8 March 1991 on preparations
    for the world conference on women in 1995 and its decision 35/101 of
    8/March/1991 on the title of the Conference and of national committees,

                                     "A

                       "Organization of the Conference

         "Noting with appreciation the offers made by the Governments of
    Austria and China to act as host for the Fourth World Conference on Women:

    Action for Equality, Development and Peace, and the forum for
    non-governmental organizations, 

         "Taking into consideration General Assembly resolution 46/98 of
    16/December 1991, in which the Assembly requested the Commission to decide
    on the venue of the Fourth World Conference on Women not later than at its
    thirty-sixth session, in accordance with Commission decision 35/102 of 8
    March 1991, bearing in mind that preference should be given to the region
    that had not yet hosted a world conference on women,


         "Considering the duration of previous world conferences on women, as
    well as similar United Nations conferences,

         "Bearing in mind that the Conference in 1995 coincides with the
    fiftieth anniversary of the United Nations,

         "Affirming the importance to the success of the Conference of the
    maximum participation of Governments at the highest possible level, of
    intergovernmental organizations, organizations of the United Nations
    system and interested non-governmental organizations, as well as other
    regional organizations acting through their representatives to the
    Commission,

         "Recalling that the General Assembly, in its resolution 46/98,
    requested the Secretary-General to appoint not later than 1992 the
    Secretary-General of the Conference,

         "Recalling its resolution 35/4, in which the Commission decided to
    prepare a programme of action for consideration by the Conference,

         "1.  Decides 

         "(a) To accept the offer of the Government of China to act as host
    for the Fourth World Conference on Women:  Action for Equality, Develoment
    and Peace, in accordance with General Assembly resolution 40/243 of 18
    December 1985;

         "(b) That the Conference should be of a duration of ten working days;

         "(c) That the Conference should be held at Beijing from 5/to
    16/September 1995;

         "2.  Also decides that participation in the Conference will be open
    to:

         "(a) All States Members of the United/Nations or of a specialized
    agency of the United/Nations;

         "(b) Representatives of all organizations that have received a
    standing invitation from the General Assembly to participate in the
    sessions and the work of all international conferences convened under its
    auspices in the capacity of observers to participate in the Conference in
    that capacity, in accordance with Assembly resolutions 3237 (XXIX) on
    22/November/1974 and 43/177 of 15 December 1988;

         "(c) Representatives of the national liberation movements recognized
    in its region by the Organization of African Unity to participate in the
    Conference in the capacity of observers, in accordance with
    General/Assembly resolution 3280 (XXIX) of 10 December 1974;

         "(d) The specialized agencies and the International Atomic Energy
    Agency, as well as interested organizations of the United Nations system;

         "(e) Other interested intergovernmental organizations, to be
    represented by observers at the Conference;

         "(f) Interested non-governmental organizations in consultative status
    with the Economic and Social Council, to be represented by observers at
    the Conference;

         "(g) Individuals who, in recognition of their personal contributions
    to the advancement of women, are invited by the Secretary-General;

         "(h) Members of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination
    against Women;

         "3.  Requests the Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations to
    consider, on a priority basis in advance of the Conference, giving
    consultative status to a more representative number of non-governmental
    organizations concerned with the advancement of women;

         "4.  Recommends to the Secretary-General to appoint the
    Secretary-General of the Conference, not later than 1992, taking into
    account the desirability that the individual appointed should be a woman,
    should have international stature in relation to the advancement of women,
    and experience in the United/Nations system;

         "5.  Decides that the agenda for the Conference shall include:

         "(a) The second review and appraisal of the implementation of the
    Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies for the Advancement of Women to the
    year 2000;

         "(b) The Platform for Action;

         "(c) The main conclusions and recommendations of regional preparatory
    conferences;

         "(d) Institutional arrangements for the implementation of the
    Platform for Action;

         "6.  Requests the Secretary-General to submit a report to the
    Commission, at its thirty-seventh session, containing a first draft, which
    will serve as a working document for the elaboration of the Platform for
    Action, taking as a basis all guidelines contained in Commission
    resolution 35/4, the impact of the changes that have taken place in the
    international community on the status of women, the importance of
    integrating gender perspectives in policy-making in all areas and at all
    levels, the need to give priority to the situation of rural women, in
    particular in developing countries, and differences in priorities among
    regions, based on a full input from the organizations of the United
    Nations system, as well as other regional organizations acting through
    their representatives to the Commission;

         "7.  Also requests the Secretary-General to submit to the Commission
    at its thirty-seventh session a report containing (a) information on data
    that would be used/in the formulation of the second report on the

    implementation of the Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies and (b) an
    outline of the second report, in/which special emphasis should be given to
    the recommendations and conclusions arising from the first review and
    appraisal of the implementation of the Strategies, contained in the annex
    to Council resolution/1990/15, in particular those referring to the
    condition of women in developing countries;

         "8.  Further requests the Secretary-General to prepare draft rules of
    procedure for consideration by the Commission at its thirty-eighth
    session;

                                     "B

                            "Preparatory process

         "Emphasizing the importance of national preparatory activities in
    focusing national attention on the issue of the status and advancement of
    women, and of national machinery to assess the situation and mobilize
    national non-governmental organizations and individuals, with a view to
    improving national performance in the advancement of women,

         "Considering the importance of activities for the advancement of
    women that have taken place at the regional level since International
    Women's Year and recognizing the necessity of providing for an exchange of
    national experiences and the elaboration of regional priorities and
    perspectives for the Fourth World Conference on Women:  Action for
    Equality, Development and Peace, and to the year 2000,

         "Recalling Economic and Social Council resolution 1990/9 of
    24/May/1990 on the second report on the implementation of the Nairobi
    Forward-looking Strategies for the Advancement of Women,

         "Recognizing the importance of non-governmental organizations in the
    preparations for the Conference at the national, regional and global
    levels, especially the forum for non-governmental organizations, which
    will take place prior to and partially simultaneously with the Conference,

         "Convinced that promotion of the Conference requires the creative and
    effective use of public information, 

         "1.  Recommends that Governments establish a national committee or
    designate a national focal point to initiate and promote preparations for
    the Fourth World Conference on Women:  Action for Equality, Development
    and Peace, by organizing and coordinating national activities, including
    assembling information and gender-disaggregated statistics for the
    elaboration of national reports on the situation of women, and increasing
    public awareness about the Conference, and requests that reports on such
    activities be made available to the Secretary-General;

         "2.  Urges organizations of the United Nations system, at the
    national level, to cooperate with national efforts to prepare for the
    Conference and to coordinate their activities through the United Nations
    Resident Coordinator;

         "3.  Requests the Secretary-General to inform Governments about the
    recommendation regarding national committees or focal points;

         "4.  Recommends that the national reports cited in paragraph 1 above
    cover the period from 1985 to the present;

         "5.  Urges the organizations of the United Nations system to provide
    support, on request, to the preparation of national reports;

         "6.  Recommends that regional conferences already scheduled include
    in their agendas preparations for the World Conference and suggests that,
    in those regions that have not yet scheduled them, regional conferences to
    prepare for the World Conference be organized under the auspices of the
    corresponding regional commission;

         "7.  Requests the regional conferences to identify regional trends,
    priorities, obstacles and innovative suggestions for future action and
    that the results of those regional conferences be provided to the
    Commission not later than at its thirty-ninth session;

         "8.  Recommends that regional conferences include in their agendas
    the issue of women in public life, emphasizing their role in politics and
    decision-making;

         "9.  Requests the Secretary-General to include information on women
    in public life in the preparations of the/priority theme on peace:  women
    in international decision-making, for the Commission at its
    the/thirty-ninth session;

         "10. Recommends that a public information strategy for the Conference
    be designed, using information mechanisms that reach the greatest number
    of people and based on the Conference themes, in particular those related
    to development;

         "11. Requests the Secretary-General to plan and implement an
    information campaign and to issue a new bulletin entitled Conference 95
    twice a year to disseminate information on preparatory activities for the
    Conference at all levels in all official languages;

         "12. Also requests the Secretary-General to provide Governments with
    a concise set of guidelines for public information campaigns at the
    national level and with periodic information packages that can be made
    available to national mass media and non-governmental organizations;

         "13. Further requests the Secretary-General to report to the
    Commission at its thirty-seventh session on the planning and
    implementation of the complete information campaign, including its
    priorities and resource needs;

         "14. Requests the Secretary-General to include the Conference as part
    of the celebrations for the fiftieth anniversary of the United Nations;


                                     "C

                  "Forum for non-governmental organizations

         "Recalling successful forums for non-governmental organizations held
    in Mexico, Copenhagen and Nairobi,

         "Acknowledging the offer made by the host Government to all
    non-governmental organizations and individuals wishing to attend the forum
    in Beijing,

         "1.  Emphasizes the importance of close proximity between the forum
    and the Fourth World Conference on Women:  Action for Equality,
    Development and Peace, as well as some concurrence in time;

         "2.  Invites the committee of non-governmental organizations
    arranging the forum and national and regional activities to provide
    information, including media arrangements, to the Commission through a
    report of the Secretary-General on preparations for the Conference;

                                     "D

             "Resources for the Conference and its preparations

         "Recalling General Assembly resolution 46/98 of 16 December 1991, in
    which concern was expressed that the resources for the Fourth World
    Conference on Women:  Action for Equality, Development and Peace, were not
    sufficient, and Assembly resolution 46/185 of 20 December 1991, in which
    the Assembly requested the Secretary-General to ensure that adequate
    resources were provided for the preparation of the Conference during the
    biennium 1992-1993,

         "Desiring to ensure the maximum representation by Governments,
    especially of the least developed countries, in the regional preparatory
    process and in the Conference,

         "1.  Requests the Economic and Social Council to reconsider the
    budget envisaged for the Fourth World Conference on Women:  Action for
    Equality, Development and Peace, on the basis of a report of the
    Secretary-General outlining resource requirements for regional and
    interregional preparatory activities, public information activities and
    for the Conference itself;

         "2.  Urges Governments, intergovernmental organizations,
    non-governmental organizations and individuals to contribute
    extrabudgetary resources to the trust fund established by the
    Secretary-General for the preparations of the Conference, especially for
    the participation of representatives of the least developed countries in
    regional meetings and in the Conference;


                                     "E

                               "Documentation

         "1.  Decides that the documentation for the Fourth World Conference
    on Women:  Action for Equality, Development and Peace, will include:

         "(a) Report of the Secretary-General on the second review and
    appraisal of the implementation of the Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies
    for the Advancement of Women;

         "(b) Draft final document (Platform for Action);

         "(c) Update of the World Survey on the Role of Women in Development;

         "(d) Update of The World's Women:  Trends and Statistics;

         "(e) Updated compendium on the implementation of the Convention on
    the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women;

         "(f) Report of the Secretary-General on the outcome of regional
    preparatory meetings for the Fourth World Conference on Women:  Action for
    Equality, Development and Peace;

         "(g) Relevant sections of final documents emanating from the United
    Nations Conference on Environment and Development, the World Conference on
    Human Rights and the International Conference on Population and
    Development."

144.     Also at the 11th meeting, the representative of Austria proposed that
a new subparagraph be inserted in section A, operative paragraph 1, between
subparagraphs (a) and (b), which would read as follows:

         "To take note of the interest of Austria to host a world conference
    on women in the year 2000".

145.     This amendment was subsequently withdrawn by Austria.

146.     At the 14th meeting, on 20 March, the Chairperson read out changes to
the draft resolution agreed upon during further informal consultations.  The
changes were as follows:

    (a)  In section A, subparagraph 1 (c), the dates 5 to 16 September 1995
were changed to 4 to 15 September 1995;

    (b)  The chapeau of operative paragraph 2 was revised to read as follows:

         "Also decides to recommend that participation in the Conference
    should be open to";

    (c)  Subparagraph 2 (a) was revised to read as follows:

         "(a) All States Members of the United Nations or of any of the
    specialized agencies or of the International Atomic Energy Agency";

    (d)  In subparagraph 2 (b), the word "all" was deleted;

    (e)  In subparagraph 2 (d), the words "The executive heads of" were added
before the words "the specialized agencies";

    (f)  Operative paragraph 3 was replaced by the following two paragraphs:

         "3.  Requests the Economic and Social Council to request the
    Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations to consider on a priority
    basis, in advance of the Conference, the granting of consultative status
    to more non-governmental organizations concerned with the advancement of
    women, with particular attention being given to applications from
    non-governmental organizations from developing countries, and also
    requests that the Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations be provided
    with additional resources to deal with the additional workload";

         "4.  Recommends that the arrangements for consultation with
    non-governmental organizations, as approved by the Economic and Social
    Council in its resolution 1296 (XLIV) of 23 May 1968, be reviewed to make
    consultative status more accessible to non-governmental organizations,
    particularly those from developing countries";

    (g)  Operative paragraph 4 (para. 5 of the final text) was revised to read
as follows:

         "Recommends that the Secretary-General appoint a woman as
    Secretary-General of the Conference, not later than 1992, who should have
    international stature in relation to the advancement of women and
    experience in the United Nations system, and who would assume primary
    responsibility for the preparation of the Conference";

    (h)  A new operative paragraph (para. 6 of the final text) was inserted
after operative paragraph 4 (para. 5 of the final text), which read as
follows:

         "Also recommends that, in appointing the necessary staff for the
    Conference, the Secretary-General include persons from the developing and
    the least developed countries, taking into consideration equitable
    geographical distribution";

    (i)  Operative paragraphs 5 to 8 of section A were renumbered 7 to 10;

    (j)  In section B, a new penultimate preambular paragraph was inserted,
which read as follows:

         "Acknowledging the important role of women entrepreneurship, notably
    in small and medium-sized enterprises, in mobilizing resources and in
    promoting economic growth and socio-economic development";

    (k)  A new operative paragraph was inserted after operative paragraph 10,
which read as follows:

         "11. Also recommends that regional conferences include in their
    agendas the issue of entrepreneurship and the advancement of women,
    emphasizing the need to facilitate an overall entrepreneurial activity

    through appropriate economic policies, training, access to credit,
    information and other support systems";

    (l)  Operative paragraphs 11 to 14 of section A were renumbered 12/to/15;

    (m)  In section C, a new operative paragraph was added, which read as
follows:

         "3.  Emphasizes the importance of unrestricted participation by the
    media in covering the forum";

    (n)  In section D, a new operative paragraph was added, which read as
follows:

         "3.  Urges Governments, international organizations and multilateral
    financial institutions to provide assistance to the least developed
    countries for their preparatory activities at the national level".

147.     Also at the 14th meeting, the Deputy Director of the Division for the
Advancement of Women stated that, after reviewing the draft resolution, it
appeared that the modalities for the preparation and holding of the Conference
differed substantially from those reported to the Economic and Social Council
at its first regular session of 1990.  The proposed new modalities would
result in additional requirements for (a) travel of participants who are
entitled to travel at the expense of the United Nations; (b) regional
activities in the course of preparations for the Conference; (c) an
information campaign to be conducted by the Department of Public Information; 
and (d) additional conference-servicing requirements.  A preliminary review
indicated that overall additional costs could reach $1 million.  Most of the
additional requirements would be related to the biennium 1994-1995.  For 1993,
the proposal to issue a new bulletin, entitled "Conference 1995", would
require an additional provision of $30,000 for external printing and binding.

148.     At the same meeting, the Commission adopted the draft resolution, as
orally revised  (see chap. I, sect. C, resolution 36/8).

149.     After the draft resolution was adopted, the representative of the
United States of America made a statement.



                                 Chapter VI

              PROVISIONAL AGENDA FOR THE THIRTY-SEVENTH SESSION
                              OF THE COMMISSION


150.     The Commission considered item 7 of its agenda at its 14th meeting,
on 20/March 1992.  It had before it the following documents:

    (a)  Note by the Secretary-General on the proposed work programme required
to prepare for the in-depth consideration of the priority themes scheduled for
the thirty-seventh session of the Commission (E/CN.6/1992/CRP.1);

    (b)  Note by the Secretariat containing the draft provisional agenda and
documentation for the thirty-seventh session of the Commission on the Status
of Women (E/CN.6/1992/L.20).

151.     The Deputy Director of the Division for the Advancement of Women made
an introductory statement.

152.     At the same meeting, the Commission approved the provisional agenda
for the thirty-seventh session for submission to the Economic and Social
Council and requested the secretariat of the Commission to complete it in the
light of decisions taken by other organs (for the text of the draft decision,
see chap./I, sect. B, draft decision I).


             Request for additional conference facilities during
                the thirty-seventh session of the Commission

153.     At the 14th meeting, on 20 March, on the proposal of the Chairperson,
the Commission decided to recommend that the Economic and Social Council
approve the convening of four additional meetings, with interpretation
services, during the thirty-seventh session of the Commission; those meetings
would be held simultaneously with the plenary meetings of the Commission for
the purpose of considering in informal meetings the preparations for the
Fourth World Conference on Women:  Action for Equality, Development and Peace,
in 1995 (see chap. I, sect. B, draft decision II).

154.     At the same meeting, the Deputy Director of the Division for the
Advancement of Women stated that the provision of additional meetings would
involve additional conference-servicing costs at full cost estimated at
$65,900, but the actual cost would be set against the provision already made
under section 32 of the programme budget for the biennium 1992-1993, in
accordance with existing methodology for budgeting for conference-servicing
requirements in relation to the inclusion of additional meetings in the
calendar of meetings and conferences.

155.     After the draft decision was adopted, the representative of the
United States of America made a statement.


                                 Chapter VII

               ADOPTION OF THE REPORT OF THE COMMISSION ON ITS
                            THIRTY-SIXTH SESSION


156.     At its 14th meeting, on 20 March 1992, the Commission adopted the
report on its thirty-sixth session (E/CN.6/1992/L.3 and Add.1-4), as orally
amended.

                                Chapter VIII

                         ORGANIZATION OF THE SESSION


                   A.  Opening and duration of the session

157.     The Commission on the Status of Women held its thirty-sixth session
at the Vienna International Centre from 11 to 20 March 1992.  The Commission
held 14 meetings.

158.     The session was opened by the Director of the Division for the
Advancement of Women, on behalf of the Director-General of the United Nations
Office at Vienna.  In her introductory statement, she said that it was
important to reaffirm the goal of equality between women and men and its
inseparability from the objectives of development, democracy, human rights and
justice.  Preparations for the Fourth World Conference on Women:  Action for
Equality, Development and Peace, to be held in 1995, presented a good
opportunity for the Commission to give impetus to efforts for the advancement
of women.  The main issues relating to the Conference were the allocation of
adequate resources and the provision and dissemination of information.

159.     National efforts, through close collaboration between Governments and
non-governmental organizations, were of key importance for a successful
Conference.  The Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies provided a sound
foundation on which the Conference could build a concrete programme of action
and highlight linkages between the advancement of women and global debates and
objectives.  She stated that the Commission might consider developing an
international instrument on violence against women and providing an input to
the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development.


                               B.  Attendance

160.     The session was attended by representatives of 45 States members of
the Commission.  Observers for other States Members of the United Nations and
for non-member States also attended, as well as representatives of
organizations of the United Nations system and observers for
intergovernmental, non-governmental and other organizations.  A list of
participants is contained in annex I to the present report.


                          C.  Election of officers

161.     At its 1st meeting, on 11 March, the Commission elected the following
officers by acclamation:

    Chairperson:  Mervat Tallawy (Egypt)

    Vice-Chairpersons:  Achie Luhulima (Indonesia)
                        Olga Pellicer (Mexico)
                        Joke Swiebel (Netherlands)

    Rapporteur:  Ireneusz Matela (Poland)


                     D.  Agenda and organization of work

162.     At its 1st meeting on 11 March, the Commission adopted the
provisional agenda contained in document E/CN.6/1992/1, as follows:

    1.  Election of officers.

    2.  Adoption of the agenda and other organizational matters.

    3.  Programming and coordination matters related to the United Nations and
        the United Nations system.

    4.  Monitoring the implementation of the Nairobi Forward-looking
        Strategies for the Advancement of Women.

    5.  Priority themes:

        (a)  Equality:  Elimination of de jure and de facto discrimination
             against women;

        (b)  Development:

        (i)  Integration of women in the process of development;

       (ii)  Women and the environment;

        (c)  Peace:  Equal participation in all efforts to promote
             international cooperation, peace and disarmament.

    6.  Preparations for the Fourth World Conference on Women:  Action for
        Equality, Development and Peace.

    7.  Provisional agenda for the thirty-seventh session of the Commission.

    8.  Adoption of the report of the Commission on its thirty-sixth session.

163.    Also at its 1st meeting, the Commission approved the organization of
the work of the session (E/CN.6/1992/1, annex I).


           E.  Appointment of the members of the Working Group
               on Communications

164.    At its 6th meeting, on 16 March, the Commission decided to establish a
Working Group to consider, under agenda item 4, communications regarding the
status of women, pursuant to Economic and Social Council resolution 1983/27. 
The following five members, nominated by their regional groups, were
appointed:

    Auwa Mai Ali (Nigeria)
    Boris Avramenko (Russian Federation)
    Aurelio Fernandez (Spain)
    Linglingay F. Lacanlale (Philippines)
    Maria Angelica Silva (Chile)

                        F.  Friends of the Rapporteur

165.     The Commission also decided to establish an informal group of Friends
of the Rapporteur, comprising the following five members, nominated by their
regional groups, to assist the Rapporteur in completing the report of the
Commission on its thirty-sixth session:

    Brigitte Brenner (Austria)
    Zdenka Dahinterova (Czechoslovakia)
    Fatimah Hamid-Don (Malaysia)
    Jacqueline Petersen (Venezuela)
    Abdellah Wadi (Sudan)


            G.  Consultation with non-governmental organizations

166.     Written statements submitted by non-governmental organizations in
accordance with rule 76 of the rules of procedure of the functional
commissions of the Economic and Social Council are listed in annex II to the
present report.

                                   *  *  *

Situation in South Africa

167.     At the 6th meeting, on 16 March, one representative, on behalf of a
group of countries that are members of the Commission, made a proposal to
issue on behalf of the Commission a statement on the whites-only referendum in
South Africa, held on 17 March 1992.  By the statement, the Commission would
express "grave concern that a section of the white population of South Africa
was bent on registering a negative vote in an attempt to sabotage the
negotiation process and reverse the process towards the dismantling of
apartheid".

168.     Several representatives noted that the Commission was not the
appropriate forum to deal with that issue.  The observer for the African
National Congress (South Africa) explained that the intent was to send a
message on the eve of the referendum and the Commission was the only major
United Nations body holding a session at that time.  At the 8th meeting on 17
March, the Commission decided to include the following statement on behalf of
the African States that are members of the Commission:

    "Statement of the African States on the whites-only referendum in South
    Africa on Tuesday, 17 March 1992

         "The African group, meeting during the thirty-sixth session of the
    Commission on the Status of Women, held in Vienna from 11 to
    20/March/1992, took note that the South African regime had decided to call
    a referendum on 17/March 1992 to canvass the views of the white population
    of that country on the ongoing negotiations under the auspices of the
    Convention for a Democratic South Africa (CODESA).

         "The group is of the view that the holding of separate referendums
    based on ethnicity or race is not consistent with democratic practice and
    that, in the context of South Africa, it gives the minority white

    population in that country the power of veto on an important matter that
    rightly concerns the totality of the population of South Africa.

         "The group expresses grave concern that a section of the white
    population of South Africa is bent on registering a negative vote in the
    referendum in an attempt to sabotage the negotiation process, aimed at
    ending the obnoxious system of apartheid in South Africa.

         "The African group would have wished to see the whole population of
    South Africa - both black and white - participate in the referendum to
    reflect the true meaning of the principles underlying the concept of
    democracy.  It therefore calls upon the white people of South Africa, who
    have arrogated to themselves the right to continue to determine the fate
    of the millions of South Africans, to act in a manner that will ensure
    that the process of negotiations is not truncated and reversed.

         "The African group wishes to take this opportunity to reaffirm its
    firm solidarity with, and unflinching support for, the oppressed people of
    South Africa, particularly the women and children who bear the brunt of
    the struggle in their continued fight against the scourge of apartheid."


                                 Notes

    1/   Report of the World Conference to Review and Appraise the
Achievements of the United Nations Decade for Women:  Equality, Development
and Peace, Nairobi, 15-26 July 1985 (United Nations publication, Sales
No./E.85.IV.10), chap./I, sect. A.

    2/   E/CN.6/1992/11; see also A/46/377.

    3/   E/CN.6/1988/8 and Corr.1 and E/CN.6/1989/4 and Corr.1.

    4/   E/CN.6/1990/10, E/CN.6/1991/9 and E/CN.6/1992/6.

    5/   Report of the World Conference to Review and Appraise the
Achievements of the United Nations Decade for Women:  Equality, Development
and Peace, Nairobi, 15-26 July 1985 (United Nations publication, Sales
No./E.85.IV.10), chap. I, sect. A.

    6/   United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 75, No. 973.

    7/   E/CN.6/1990/10, annex I.

    8/   General Assembly resolution 34/180, annex.

    9/   See Official Records of the General Assembly, Forty-seventh session,
Supplement No. 38 (A/47/38), sect. I.

    10/  Report of the World Conference to Review and Appraise the
Achievements of the United Nations Decade for Women:  Equality, Development
and Peace, Nairobi, 15-26 July 1985 (United Nations publication, Sales
No./E.85.IV.10), chap. I, sect. A.

    11/  See Official Records of the General Assembly, Forty-seventh Session,
Supplement No. 38 (A/47/38), sect. I.

    12/  E/CN.6/1992/4.

    13/  General Assembly resolution 34/180, annex.

    14/  E/CN.6/1991/10.

    15/  See Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1991,
Supplement No. 8 (E/1991/28), para./48.

    16/  Report of the World Conference to Review and Appraise the
Achievements of the United Nations Decade for Women:  Equality, Development
and Peace, Nairobi, 15-26 July 1985 (United Nations publication, Sales
No./E.85.IV.10), chap. I, sect. A.

    17/  See Official Records of the General Assembly, Forty-seventh Session,
Supplement No. 38 (A/47/38), sect. I.

    18/  E/CN.6/1992/4, annex.

    19/  Report of the World Conference to Review and Appraise the
Achievements of the United Nations Decade for Women:  Equality, Development
and Peace, Nairobi, 15-26 July 1985 (United Nations publication, Sales
No./E.85.IV.10), chap. I. sect. A.

    20/  General Assembly resolution 34/180, annex.

    21/  Report of the World Conference to Review and Appraise the
Achievements of the United Nations Decade for Women:  Equality, Development
and Peace, Nairobi, 15-26 July 1985 (United Nations publication, Sales
No./E.85.IV.10), chap. I. sect. A.

    22/  Report of the World Conference to Review and Appraise the
Achievements of the United Nations Decade for Women:  Equality, Development
and Peace, Nairobi, 15-26 July 1985 (United Nations publication, Sales
No./E.85.IV.10), chap. I. sect. A.

    23/  General Assembly resolution 32/180, annex.

   24/   Report of the World Conference to Review and Appraise the
Achievements of the United Nations Decade for Women:  Equality, Development
and Peace, Nairobi, 15-26 July 1985 (United Nations publication, Sales
No./E.85.IV.10), chap. I. sect. A.

    25/  Report of the World Assembly on Ageing, Vienna, 26/July to
6/August/1982 (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.82.I.16), chap. VI,
sect./A.

    26/  General Assembly resolution 34/180, annex.

    27/  Report of the World Conference to Review and Appraise the
Achievements of the United Nations Decade for Women:  Equality, Development
and Peace, Nairobi, 15-26 July 1985 (United Nations publication, Sales
No./E.85.IV.10), chap. I. sect. A.

    28/  General Assembly resolution 45/199, annex.

    29/  E/CN.6/1992/8.

   30/   Report of the World Conference to Review and Appraise the
Achievements of the United Nations Decade for Women:  Equality, Development
and Peace, Nairobi, 15-26 July 1985 (United Nations publication, Sales
No./E.85.IV.10), chap. I. sect. A.

    31/  Report of the World Conference to Review and Appraise the
Achievements of the United Nations Decade for Women:  Equality, Development
and Peace, Nairobi, 15-26 July 1985 (United Nations publication, Sales
No./E.85.IV.10), chap. I. sect. A.

    32/  See Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1992,
Supplement No. 2 (E/1992/22).

   33/   Report of the World Conference to Review and Appraise the
Achievements of the United Nations Decade for Women:  Equality, Development
and Peace, Nairobi, 15-26 July 1985 (United Nations publication, Sales
No./E.85.IV.10), chap. I, sect. A.

    34/  In accordance with rule 69 of the rules of procedure of the
functional commissions of the Economic and Social Council.

    35/  See chap./V.

    36/  In accordance with rule/69 of the rules of procedure of the
functional commissions of the Economic and Social Council.

    37/  In accordance with rule 69 of the rules of procedure of the
functional commissions of the Economic and Social Council.

    38/  See chap. III. 


                                   Annex I

                                 ATTENDANCE


                                   Members

Austria:        Johanna Dohnal, Richard Wotava, Brigitte Brenner,
                Christine/Schneider, Edda Weiss, Ewald Jaeger,
                Gertraud/Pichler, Theodora Graugober, Sabine M. Brodtrager,
                Dorothea Gaudart, Birgit/Stimmer, Ida Leeb-Jordanits,
                Doris/Ranftl-Gugenberger, Helga Pegac, Renate Dorfmeister,
                Heidemarie Fenzl

Bahamas:        A. Missouri Sherman-Peter

Bangladesh:     Nasim Firdaus

Brazil:         Thereza Maria Machado Quintella,
                Antonio/Humberto/C./A./F./Braga

Bulgaria:       Rossen Popov

Canada:         Kay Stanley, Valerie Raymond, Rhonda Ferderber,
                Vivian/Collins, Sherry Greaves, Stephen Moran

Chile:          Mare'a Angœlica Silva, Jose' Miguel de la Cruz Cross,
                Marcelo/Aguirre Dumay, Roberto Alvarez Henriquez

China:          Wang Shuxian, Chen Shiqiu, Du Qiwen, Du Yong, Lin Chongfei,
                Chen Yongling, Zhuang Chenying, Zhang Dan

Colombia:       Alfonso Gomez Mendez, Mare'a Teresa Betancur de Gonza'lez,
                Mare'a/Isabel Segura

Co^te d'Ivoire: Akoua Deza Malik

Cyprus:         Athena Mavronicolas

Czechoslovakia: Milan Jurza, Zdenka Dahinterov, Zuzana Vranov,
Eva/Drdkov,
                Jan Prusak

Ecuador:        Jorge Pareja C., Ximena Verdesoto C.

Egypt:          Mervat Tallawy, Taher Farahat, Ahmed Ezzat

Finland:        Tuulikki Peta"ja"niemi, Hannu Halinen, Leila Ra"sa"nen,
                Hanni/Koljonen, Aino-Maija Hiltunen, Anja-Riitta Ketokoski,
                Merja Lindroos-Binham, Anne Huhtama"ki

France:         Pierrette Biraud, Marcel Tremeau, Olivier Maitland Pelen,
                Eliane Rinaldo, Caroline Mechin, Brigitte Collet,
                Miche`le/Audeoud

Ghana:          Charlotte Abaka, Clifford N. A. Kotey

India:          K. N. Bakshi, Saurabh Kumar, T. K. Sarojini, D. R. Pradhan

Indonesia:      Ani Subjartani Santhoso, Achie S. Luhulima,
                J./P./Louhanapessy, Syamsiah Achmad, Saodah B. A. Syahruddin,
                Ghaffar Fadyl, Yasril A. Baharuddin, Andi Rita Nurhaida

Iran (Islamic   Seyed Mojtaba Arastou, Farideh Hassani, Zahra Hadjabbas
Republic of):   Gholi, Masoud Nili

Italy:          Ivanka Corti, Alberto Schepisi, Francesco di Maggio,
                Maria/Letizia Polastro

Jamaica:        Beverley Manley

Japan:          Makiko Sakai, Mitsuko Horiuchi, Ryuko Fujii, Eiko Nakamura,
                Satoru Miyata, Harumi Katsumata

Madagascar:     Andreas Monique

Malaysia:       Fatimah Hamid Don, Lailatool Badriah Mahmood,
                Md./Hussin/B./Nayan, Zuraidah Amiruddin

Mexico:         Olga Pellicer, Eduardo Avila, Ana Ma. Marte'nez Lavin

Morocco:        Mohamed El Habib Fassi Fihri, Aicha Kabbaj,
                Ahmed/El/Ghernougui

Netherlands:    Joke Swiebel, H. J. Regeur, Enrik C. H. A. Plug,
                Susan/Blankhart, Margriet Landman, Claudia Tempelman

Nigeria:        Hauwa Ali, Maryam Yunusa, Hassan Jega, Rosemary Dajo

Pakistan:       Naeem Hussain Chatta, Begum Salma Ahmad, Farman Ullah

Peru:           Alberto Salas Barahona, Paul Paredes Portella,
                Aele'n/Pœrez/Ramirez

Philippines:    Patricia B. Licuanan, Linglingay F. Lacanlale,
                Thelma/R./Castillo

Poland:         Maria Lubera, Ireneusz Matela, Ewa Calczlynska, Urszula Pac,
                Ewa Lipska

Russian         E. F. Lakhova, M. P. Beliakov, V. B. Kornyak,
Federation:     B./S./Avramenko, V. F. Belov, M. O. Korunova

Rwanda:         Louise Antoinette Mukasine

Spain:          Jose' Ignacio Pe'rez Infante, Fernando Arias-Salgado,
                Purificacio'n/Gutiœrrez/Lo'pez, Aurelio Fernndez,
                Isabel/Codc'n/Barrigc'n, Consuelo Valdœs del Toro,
                Isabel/Pastor Garce'a Moreno, Julia Tercero Valente'n

Sudan:          Ali Khalid El-Hussein, Abdalla M. A. Wadi, Rabab Elgenaid,
                Ragaa El-Teriefi

Thailand:       Saisuree Chutikul, Somboon Sangiambut, Benjamas Marpraneet,
                Siriboon Boonpiam

Uganda:         Rosemary Semafumu

United Republic Anne Makinda, Maria Kisanga, T. A. F. Killenga, F. Temu,
of Tanzania:    J. Mrutu, Dora Msechu

United States   Juliette Clagett McLennan, Jane E. Becker, 
of America:     Gwendolyn Marie Boeke, Patricia S. Harrison,
                Gwendolyn/S./King, Elsie Vartanian, Shirin R. Tahir-Kheli,
                Jackie Wolcott, Robert T. Anthony, John A. Buche,
                Barbara/Ferris, Mary Fran Freedman, John Knox,
                Sharon/B./Kotok, Gregory B. Sprow, Richard W. Hoover,
                Sura/Johnson, Esther Coopersmith

Venezuela:      Evangelina Garce'a Prince, Jacqueline Petersen Parra

Zaire:          Bagbeni Assumani Nzengeya, Bokonga Ekanga Botombele,
                Okitundu/Ayaki Omba, Lulu Mulasi

Zambia:         Florence Mumba, T. Kambobe

Zimbabwe:       Salome Nyoni, Sibusiso D. Khumalo


              States Members of the United Nations represented
                                by observers

    Algeria, Argentina, Australia, Belarus, Belgium, Bolivia, Cuba, Democratic
People's Republic of Korea, Denmark, Gabon, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iraq,
Ireland, Israel, Kuwait, Lebanon, Lesotho, Luxembourg, Namibia, New Zealand,
Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Sweden, Tunisia,
Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Viet
Nam, Yemen, Yugoslavia.


                 Non-member States represented by observers

    Holy See, Switzerland.


                         United Nations Secretariat

    Economic Commission for Africa, Economic Commission for Latin America and
the Caribbean, Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia.


                            United Nations bodies

    United Nations Children's Fund, United Nations Development Programme,
United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations Population Fund, United
Nations University, World Food Programme, Office of the United Nations High
Commissioner for Refugees, World Food Council, International Research and
Training Institute for the Advancement of Women, International Trade Centre,
United Nations Development Fund for Women.


                            Specialized agencies

    International Labour Organisation, Food and Agriculture Organization of
the United Nations, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural
Organization, World Health Organization, International Maritime Organization,
International Fund for Agricultural Development, United Nations Industrial
Development Organization.


          Intergovernmental organizations represented by observers

    Commonwealth Secretariat, Council of Europe, European Economic Community,
League of Arab States, Organization of African Unity, Organization of American
States (Inter-American Commission of Women).


                Other organization represented by an observer

    Palestine.

                            Liberation movements

    African National Congress (South Africa), Pan Africanist Congress of
Azania.


                       Non-governmental organizations

    Category I:  International Alliance of Women - Equal Rights, Equal
Responsibilities, International Confederation of Free Trade Unions,
International Council of Women, International Council on Social Welfare,
International Federation of Business and Professional Women, International
Planned Parenthood Federation, League of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies,
Soroptimist International, Women's International Democratic Federation, World
Federation of Trade Unions, World Federation of United Nations Associations,
World Veterans Federation, Zonta International.

    Category II:  American Association of Retired Persons, Associated Country
Women of the World, Bah'i International Community, Caritas Internationalis
(International Confederation of Catholic Charities), Christian Democratic
International, Disabled Peoples' International, Friends World Committee for
Consultations, International Abolitionist Federation, International
Association of Women in Radio and Television, International Council of Jewish

Women, International Federation for Home Economics, International Federation
of University Women, International Federation of Women Lawyers, Medical
Women's International Association, National Council of German Women's
Organizations - Federal Union of Women's Organizations and Women's Groups of
German Associations, Pan-Pacific and South-East Asia Women's Association, Pax
Romana (International Catholic Movement for Intellectual and Cultural Affairs)
(International Movement of Catholic Students), Socialist International Women,
World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts, World Federation of
Methodist Women, World Union of Catholic Women's Organizations, Worldview
International Foundation.

    Roster:  Brahma Kumaris World Spiritual University, Commonwealth Medical
Association, European Union of Women, International Inner Wheel, International
Peace Research Association, International Women's Tribune Centre.



                                  Annex II

                   LIST OF DOCUMENTS BEFORE THE COMMISSION
                         AT ITS THIRTY-SIXTH SESSION


Document symbol         Agenda item            Title or description

E/1992/6                 3           Preparation of the system-wide
                                     medium-term plan for the advancement of
                                     women for the period 1996-2001:  report
                                     of the Secretary-General

E/CN.6/1992/1            2           Provisional agenda

E/CN.6/1992/2            4           System-wide monitoring of progress made
                                     in the implementation of the Nairobi
                                     Forward-looking Strategies for the
                                     Advancement of Women:  report of the
                                     Secretary-General

E/CN.6/1992/3            6           Preparations for the Fourth World
                                     Conference on Women:  Action for
                                     Equality, Development and Peace:  report
                                     of the Secretary-General

E/CN.6/1992/4            4           Violence against women in all its forms: 
                                     report of the Secretary-General

E/CN.6/1992/5            4           Physical violence against detained women
                                     that is specific to their sex:  report
                                     of the Secretary-General

E/CN.6/1992/6            4           The situation of Palestinian women and
                                     children:  note by the Secretary-General

E/CN.6/1992/7            5 (a)       Priority themes:  Equality:  Elimination
                                     of de jure and de facto discrimination
                                     against women:  report of the
                                     Secretary-General

E/CN.6/1992/8            5 (b)       Priority themes:  Development: 
                                     Integration of women in the process of
                                     development:  report of the
                                     Secretary-General

E/CN.6/1992/9            5 (b)       Priority themes:  Development:  Women
                                     and the environment:  report of the
                                     Secretary-General

E/CN.6/1992/10           5 (c)       Priority themes:  Peace:  Equal
                                     participation in all efforts to promote
                                     international cooperation, peace and
                                     disarmament:  report of the
                                     Secretary-General

E/CN.6/1992/11           3           Improvement of the status of women in
                                     the Secretariat:  report of the
                                     Secretary-General

E/CN.6/1992/12           3           Proposed revisions to the medium-term
                                     plan for the period 1992-1997:  note by
                                     the Secretary-General

E/CN.6/1992/CRP.1        7           Proposed work programme required to
                                     prepare for the in-depth consideration
                                     of the priority themes scheduled for the
                                     thirty-seventh session of the
                                     Commission:  note by the
                                     Secretary-General

E/CN.6/1992/CRP.2        4, 6        Results of the eleventh session of the
                                     Committee on the Elimination of
                                     Discrimination against Women:  note by
                                     the Secretary-General

E/CN.6/1992/CRP.3        4           Communications concerning the status of
                                     women:  note by the Secretariat

E/CN.6/1992/INF.1                    Information for participants

E/CN.6/1992/INF.2                    Provisional list of participants

E/CN.6/1992/L.1          2           Status of documentation for the session:
                                     note by the Secretariat

E/CN.6/1992/L.2          4           Communications concerning the status of
                                     women (draft resolution
                                     E/CN.6/1991/L.14, as orally revised)

E/CN.6/1992/L.2/Rev.1    4           Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,
                                     Canada, Co^te d'Ivoire, Cyprus,
                                     Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Finland,
                                     Morocco, Netherlands, New Zealand,
                                     Norway, Poland, Russian Federation,
                                     Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, United
                                     Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern
                                     Ireland, United States of America and
                                     Zaire:  revised draft resolution

E/CN.6/1992/L.3          8           Draft report of the Commission on its 
and Add.1-4                          thirty-sixth session

E/CN.6/1992/L.4          3           Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Belgium,
                                     Brazil, Canada, Cyprus, Denmark,
                                     Ecuador, Egypt, Finland, Greece,
                                     Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria,
                                     Poland, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, United
                                     States of America and Venezuela:  draft
                                     resolution

E/CN.6/1992/L.4/Rev.1    3           Algeria, Australia, Austria, Bahamas,
                                     Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Cyprus,
                                     Denmark, Ecuador, Egypt, Finland,
                                     Greece, Morocco, Netherlands,
                                     New/Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Poland,
                                     Portugal, Spain, Sweden, United States
                                     of America and Venezuela:  revised draft
                                     resolution

E/CN.6/1992/L.5          4           Algeria, on behalf of the African States
                                     that are members of the Commission on
                                     the Status of Women:  draft resolution

E/CN.6/1992/L.6          4           Algeria, Bangladesh, Cuba, Cyprus,
                                     Egypt, India, Indonesia, Iran (Islamic
                                     Republic of), Lebanon, Madagascar,
                                     Malaysia, Morocco, Philippines, Sudan,
                                     Tunisia, United Republic of Tanzania,
                                     Yemen, Zambia and Zimbabwe:  draft
                                     resolution

E/CN.6/1992/L.7          4           Australia, Austria, Denmark, Egypt,
                                     Finland, Ghana, Italy, Philippines,
                                     Portugal, Thailand and Venezuela:  draft
                                     resolution

E/CN.6/1992/L.8          4           Australia, Canada, Czechoslovakia,
                                     Finland, Hungary, Lebanon, Morocco,
                                     Netherlands, Norway, Philippines,
                                     Portugal, Republic of Korea, Spain,
                                     Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey,
                                     United Republic of Tanzania, Venezuela
                                     and Zambia:  draft resolution

E/CN.6/1992/L.8/Rev.1    4           Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Bangladesh,
                                     Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Co^te
                                     d'Ivoire,
                                     Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Finland,
                                     Hungary, Jamaica, Lebanon, Morocco,
                                     Netherlands, Norway, Philippines,
                                     Portugal, Republic of Korea, Spain,
                                     Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey,
                                     United Republic of Tanzania, United
                                     States of America, Venezuela, Zambia and
                                     Zimbabwe:  revised draft resolution

E/CN.6/1992/L.9          4           Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium,
                                     Bulgaria, Canada, Czechoslovakia,
                                     Denmark, Finland, Ghana, Greece, Italy,
                                     Netherlands, Philippines, Poland,
                                     Portugal, Spain, Switzerland, Russian
                                     Federation, Thailand, Venezuela, Zaire
                                     and Zambia:  draft resolution

E/CN.6/1992/L.9/Rev.1    4           Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belarus,
                                     Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada,
                                     Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Ghana, Greece,
                                     Italy, Netherlands, Philippines, Poland,
                                     Portugal, Spain, Switzerland, Russian
                                     Federation, Rwanda, Thailand, Venezuela,
                                     Zaire, Zambia and Zimbabwe:  revised
                                     draft resolution

E/CN.6/1992/L.10         4           Brazil, on behalf of the Latin American
                                     and Caribbean States that are members of
                                     the Commission on the Status of Women: 
                                     draft resolution

E/CN.6/1992/L.11         5 (b)       Nigeria, on behalf of the States Members
                                     of the United Nations that are members
                                     of the Group of 77:  draft resolution

E/CN.6/1992/L.12         5 (b)       Nigeria, on behalf of the States Members
                                     of the United Nations that are members
                                     of the Group of 77:  draft resolution

E/CN.6/1992/L.12/Rev.1   5 (b)       Nigeria, on behalf of the States Members
                                     of the United Nations that are members
                                     of the Group of 77:  revised draft
                                     resolution

E/CN.6/1992/L.13                     [Not circulated]

E/CN.6/1992/L.14         5 (a)       Australia, Belgium, Czechoslovakia,
                                     Denmark, Ecuador, Egypt, Finland,
                                     France, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Italy,
                                     Netherlands, Norway, Philippines,
                                     Portugal, Russian Federation, Spain,
                                     Sweden and Switzerland:  draft
                                     resolution

E/CN.6/1992/L.15         5 (a)       Austria, Denmark, Egypt, France,
                                     Germany, Ghana, Greece, Italy, Jamaica,
                                     Philippines, Portugal, Spain,
                                     Switzerland, Venezuela and Zambia: 
                                     draft resolution

E/CN.6/1992/L.16         5 (b)       Austria, Co^te d'Ivoire, France, Ghana,
                                     Greece, Italy, Malaysia, Morocco,
                                     Pakistan, Poland, Portugal, Rwanda,
                                     Spain, Tunisia and Zaire:  draft
                                     resolution

E/CN.6/1992/L.16/Rev.1   5 (b)       Bahamas, Co^te d'Ivoire, Czechoslovakia,
                                     Egypt, France, Ghana, Greece, Italy,
                                     Malaysia, Morocco, Pakistan, Poland,
                                     Portugal, Rwanda, Spain, Tunisia, United
                                     States of America and Zaire:  revised
                                     draft resolution

E/CN.6/1992/L.17         5           Argentina, Bahamas, Bolivia, Chile,
                                     Ecuador, Peru, Philippines, Poland,
                                     Uruguay and Venezuela:  draft resolution

E/CN.6/1992/L.17/Rev.1   5           Argentina, Bahamas, Bolivia, Chile,
                                     Ecuador, Peru, Philippines, Poland,
                                     Uruguay and Venezuela:  revised draft
                                     resolution

E/CN.6/1992/L.18         6           Draft resolution submitted by the
                                     Vice-Chairperson of the Commission,
                                     Mrs./Olga Pellicer (Mexico)

E/CN.6/1992/L.19         4           China, United Republic of Tanzania and
                                     Zimbabwe:  amendments to the revised
                                     draft resolution contained in document
                                     E/CN.6/1992/L.2/Rev.1

E/CN.6/1992/L.20         7           Draft provisional agenda and
                                     documentation for the thirty-seventh
                                     session of the Commission on the Status
                                     of Women:  note by the Secretariat

E/CN.6/1992/NGO/1        4           Statement submitted by the following
                                     non-governmental organization in
                                     consultative status with the Economic
                                     and Social Council:  Socialist
                                     International Women (category II)

E/CN.6/1992/NGO/2        5 (c)       Statement submitted by the following
                                     non-governmental organizations in
                                     consultative status with the Economic
                                     and Social Council:  Zonta International
                                     (category I); International Council of
                                     Jewish Women, International Federation
                                     of University Women, Pan-Pacific and
                                     South-East Asia Women's Association and
                                     Women's International League for Peace
                                     and Freedom (category II)

E/CN.6/1992/NGO/3        5 (b)       Statement submitted by the following
                                     non-governmental organizations in
                                     consultative status with the Economic
                                     and Social Council:  Soroptimist
                                     International (category I); Associated
                                     Country Women of the World,
                                     International Federation for Home
                                     Economics, World Union of Catholic
                                     Women's Organizations (category II);
                                     European Union of Women and
                                     International Inner Wheel (roster)

E/CN.6/1992/NGO/4        5 (b)       Statement submitted by the following
                                     non-governmental organization in
                                     consultative status with the Economic
                                     and Social Council:  Soroptimist
                                     International (category I)

E/CN.6/1992/NGO/5        6           Statement submitted by the following
                                     non-governmental organizations in
                                     consultative status with the Economic
                                     and Social Council:  International
                                     Council of Women (category I);
                                     Associated Country Women of the World,
                                     International Council of Jewish Women,
                                     International Federation of University
                                     Women, International Movement for
                                     Fraternal Union among Races and Peoples
                                     and World Union of Catholic Women's
                                     Organizations (category II)

E/CN.6/1992/NGO/6        4           Statement submitted by the following
                                     non-governmental organizations in
                                     consultative status with the Economic
                                     and Social Council:  International
                                     Council of Women (category I);
                                     Associated Country Women of the World,
                                     International Council of Jewish Women,
                                     International Federation of University
                                     Women, International Movement for
                                     Fraternal Union among Races and Peoples
                                     and World Union of Catholic Women's
                                     Organizations (category II)

E/CN.6/1992/NGO/7        5 (b)       Statement submitted by the following
                                     non-governmental organizations in
                                     consultative status with the Economic
                                     and Social Council:  International
                                     Organization of Consumers Unions,
                                     International Planned Parenthood
                                     Federation, Soroptimist International,
                                     Women's International Democratic
                                     Federation, Zonta International
                                     (category I); Caritas Internationalis
                                     (International Confederation of Catholic
                                     Charities), Disabled Peoples'
                                     International, International Federation
                                     of University Women, International
                                     Abolitionist Federation, International
                                     Council of Jewish Women, Italian Centre
                                     of Solidarity, Pax Romana (International
                                     Catholic Movement for Intellectual and
                                     Cultural Affairs) (International
                                     Movement of Catholic Students), Women's
                                     International Zionist Organization,
                                     World Association of Girl Guides and
                                     Girl Scouts, World Young Women's
                                     Christian Association (category II);
                                     International Inner Wheel, International
                                     Association of Charities and World Peace
                                     Council (roster)

E/CN.6/1992/NGO/8        6           Statement submitted by the following
                                     non-governmental organizations in
                                     consultative status with the Economic
                                     and Social Council:  International
                                     Organization of Consumers Unions,
                                     International Planned Parenthood
                                     Federation, Women's International
                                     Democratic Federation, Soroptimist
                                     International, Zonta International
                                     (category I); Disabled Peoples'
                                     International, International
                                     Abolitionist Federation, International
                                     Council of Jewish Women, International
                                     Federation for Home Economics,
                                     International Federation of University
                                     Women, Italian Centre of Solidarity, Pax
                                     Romana (International Catholic Movement
                                     for Intellectual and Cultural Affairs)
                                     (International Movement of Catholic
                                     Students), Socialist International
                                     Women, Women's International Zionist
                                     Organization, World Association of Girl
                                     Guides and Girl Scouts, World Union of
                                     Catholic Women's Organizations, World
                                     Young Women's Christian Association
                                     (category II); European Union of Women,
                                     International Inner Wheel, International
                                     Association of Charities and World Peace
                                     Council (roster)

E/CN.6/1992/NGO/9        4           Statement submitted by the following
                                     non-governmental organization in
                                     consultative status with the Economic
                                     and Social Council:  International
                                     Alliance of Women (category I)

E/CN.6/1992/NGO/10       5 (b)       Statement submitted by the following
                                     non-governmental organization in
                                     consultative status with the Economic
                                     and Social Council:  Bah'e'
                                     International Community (category II)

E/CN.6/1992/NGO/11       5 (c)       Statement submitted by the following
                                     non-governmental organization in
                                     consultative status with the Economic
                                     and Social Council:  European Union of
                                     Women (roster)

E/CN.6/1992/NGO/12       5 (a), (b)  Statement submitted by the following
                                     non-governmental organizations in
                                     consultative status with the Economic
                                     and Social Council:  International
                                     Alliance of Women, International Council
                                     on Social Welfare, Soroptimist
                                     International, Zonta International
                                     (category I); All-India Women's
                                     Conference, Associated Country Women of
                                     the World, Bah'e' International
                                     Community, International Commission of
                                     Jurists, International Council of Jewish
                                     Women, International Federation of
                                     University Women, International
                                     Federation of Women Lawyers, Socialist
                                     International Women, World Federation of
                                     Methodist Women and World Union of
                                     Catholic Women's Organizations (category
                                     II)

E/CN.6/1992/NGO/13       5 (b)       Statement submitted by the following
                                     non-governmental organizations in
                                     consultative status with the Economic
                                     and Social Council:  International
                                     Alliance of Women - Equal Rights, Equal
                                     Responsibilities, International
                                     Federation of Business and Professional
                                     Women, Soroptimist International
                                     (category I); American Association of
                                     Retired Persons, Bah'e' International
                                     Community, International Association for
                                     Religious Freedom, International
                                     Association of Women in Radio and
                                     Television, International Federation 
                                     for Home Economics, International
                                     Federation of University Women,
                                     Pan-Pacific and South-East Asia Women's
                                     Association, Women's International
                                     League for Peace and Freedom, World
                                     Federation of Methodist Women, World
                                     Movement of Mothers (category II);
                                     International Institute of Rural
                                     Reconstruction (roster)

E/CN.6/1992/NGO/14       5 (a)       Statement submitted by the following
                                     non-governmental organization in
                                     consultative status with the Economic
                                     and Social Council:  World Veterans
                                     Federation (category I)

E/CN.6/1992/NGO/15       5 (b)       Statement submitted by the following
                                     non-governmental organization in
                                     consultative status with the Economic
                                     and Social Council:  American
                                     Association of Retired Persons (category
                                     II)


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