Economic and Social Council
13 January 1999
Commission on Population and Development
2224 March 1999
Item 6 of the provisional agenda*
Programme implementation and future programme of work of the
Secretariat in the field of population
Programme implementation and progress of work in the
field of population in 1998: Population Division, Department
of Economic and Social Affairs
Report of the Secretary-General
The present report reviews the progress achieved by the Population Division of the
Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat in implementing
its programme of work in the field of population in 1998. It covers the activities of the
Population Division dealing with the analysis of demographic variables at the world level;
world population projections; population policy and socio-economic development; monitoring,
review and appraisal, coordination and dissemination of population information; and technical
cooperation in population. Other continuing activities of the Population Division are also
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Analysis of demographic variables at world level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fertility and family planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mortality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
International migration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
World population projections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
World population estimates and projections: the 1998 and 2000 Revisions . .
Urban, rural and city population estimates and projections: the 1998 and
2000 Revisions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Technical Meeting on the Demographic Impact of HIV/AIDS . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Administrative Committee on Coordination (ACC) Subcommittee on
Demographic Estimates and Projections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Population policy and socio-economic development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Population policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Population and development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Monitoring, review and appraisal, coordination and dissemination of population
information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Monitoring of population trends and policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Review and appraisal of the implementation of the Programme of Action of
the International Conference on Population and Development . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Population information and publication and dissemination of research studies
Technical cooperation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Publications, expert group meetings and other materials prepared or organized by the Population
Division, 1998 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Population activities in the United Nations Secretariat
are centred in the Population Division of the Department of
Economic and Social Affairs. As described in the Secretary-
Generals bulletin on the organization of the Department of
Economic and Social Affairs (ST/SGB/1997/9), the core
functions of the Division are as follows:
Providing accurate and timely data, information
and analyses of population trends and policies; and identifying
new and emerging issues, and initiating studies thereof, in
support of the Commission on Population and Development,
the Economic and Social Council and the General Assembly,
other intergovernmental bodies and the international
Serving as substantive secretariat to the
Commission on Population and Development, including the
monitoring and review and appraisal of the implementation
of the Programme of Action of the International Conference
on Population and Development;1
Promoting coordination among United Nations
entities in the field of population;
Preparing the official United Nations population
estimates and projections, which serve as the standard figures
on population for use throughout the United Nations system;
Taking the lead in the development and
maintenance of population information systems and networks;
Providing advisoryservices to assist Governments
in improving their institutional and technical capabilities for
the analysis of population data and related information, the
formulation of national policies and the implementation and
evaluation of programmes;
Preparing reports of the Secretary-General to the
Commission on Population and Development, the Economic
and Social Council and the General Assembly;
Preparing analytical reports, in-depth studies,
background papers, briefing notes and talking points on
population-related issues before the international community
for the Secretary-General and his senior officials;
Maintaining contacts with non-governmental
organizations and academic institutions throughout the world;
organizing working groups, meetings of experts, and
symposia on population issues; and participating in seminars
and professional meetings relating to the mandate of the
The present report deals with the research and technical
cooperation work and information activities carried out by the
Population Division during 1998. The work programme for
the biennium 19981999 was formulated and implemented
within the basic framework set forth in the medium-term plan
for the period 19982001, taking into account the
recommendations of the International Conference on
Population and Development 1994 and other relevant
The Population Division of the Department of
Economic and Social Affairs continued to collaborate closely
with agencies, programmes and other bodies of the United
Nations system in the implementation of the work programme
and in connection with the follow-up activities to the
International Conference on Population and Development. In
addition, the Division maintained close collaboration with the
United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) in carrying out
technical assistance activities within the technical support
services/country support team (TSS/CST) system.
I. Analysis of demographic variables
at world level
A. Fertility and family planning
A wall chart entitled World Contraceptive Use, 1998,2
which shows the most recent data on levels of contraceptive
use among currently married couples, has been issued. The
wall chart presents data separately for all countries and by
regions, more and less developed areas and for the world as
a whole. Where data for more than one point in time are
available for a country, trend information is included. The
chart also includes a classification by type of contraceptive
The wall chart highlights results from the report entitled
Levels and Trends of Contraceptive Use as Assessed in
1998. The information on contraceptive use presented in that3
report is based primarily on data obtained from national
sample surveys. Over the past few years, data coverage on
contraceptive prevalence has improved remarkably in the
developing world, especially in Africa. As a result, the
number of countries covered in this study has increased to
142, covering up to 92 per cent of the population of the world.
The report shows that the level of current use of
contraception in countries of the developed regions is 70 per
cent of currently married women compared with 55 per cent
in the less developed regions. Among the less developed
regions, the average level of current use of contraception is
60 per cent in Asia, 66 per cent in Latin America and the
Caribbean and about 20 per cent in Africa. Eastern Asia has
the highest regional level of contraceptive use in the world
adult mortality on the basis of indirect information or deficient
83 per cent; that level is strongly influenced by prevalence
data. Detailed examples are provided of the application of
in China, estimated at 83.4 per cent in 1992. In the more
each method together with a discussion of the strengths and
developed regions, current use of contraception varies within
limitations of its use. Given the paucity of adequate data for
a narrow range, from 69 to 78 per cent.
the estimation of adult mortality in developing countries, the
Among the countries in the less developed regions,
contraceptive prevalence ranged from 12 per cent to over
80 per cent of currently married couples. Among the most
populous developing countries, prevalence is above 75 per
cent in Brazil and China, between 40 and 55 per cent in
Bangladesh, India and Indonesia, and below 20 per cent in
Nigeria and Pakistan. In most developed countries, however,
contraceptive prevalence ranges between 70 and 80 per cent
of currently married women.
Contraceptive prevalence has increased substantially
over the past 1015 years by at least 1020 percentage
points in a large number of developing countries. Between
1988 and 1998, prevalence rose from 27 to 39 per cent in
Kenya, from 32 to 49 per cent in Bangladesh and from 36 to
46 per cent in the Philippines. Even in some of the least
developed countries, the level of use has recently doubled or
tripled. For example, since 19881991, contraceptive
prevalence has increased from 12 to 24 per cent in Togo, from
2 to 15 per cent in Uganda and from 4 to 8 per cent in the
Sterilization, especially female sterilization, is the most
prevalent method of family planning in the world. With 19 per
cent of currently married women and 4 per cent of currently
married men sterilized, this method accounts for two fifths of
world contraceptive use. Sterilization is widely used as a
method of contraception in much of Asia, Latin America and
the Caribbean, Northern Europe, Northern America, and
Australia and New Zealand. The next most prevalent method
is the intrauterine device (IUD), which is used by 13 per cent
of currently married women, followed by the pill, used by 8
per cent. While the pill is more common in more developed
regions, the IUD is more frequently used in developing
countries. Condoms, rhythm and withdrawal are used by 34
per cent of currently married women. Those three methods
are more widely used in the developed countries than in
developing countries. In a majority of countries, the rise in
overall contraceptive prevalence has been mainly due to an
increase in modern methods.
10. A manual on the estimation of adult mortality is in
preparation. The manual describes the theoretical
underpinnings of each of the methods available to estimate
manual is expected to fill an important gap by making
accessible to analysts information on methodological
developments discussions of which have hitherto been
scattered in the literature and on methodologies that have only
recently been developed.
C. International migration
11. The Population Division played an active role in the
organization of the Technical Symposium on International
Migration and Development which was held in The Hague,
the Netherlands, from 29 June to 3 July 1998. A paper
entitled International migration levels and trends: what
existing data can tell us was prepared for presentation at the
Symposium and will be published in a special issue of the
journal International Migration that will be devoted to the
Symposium. A revised version of the paper has been
published in the journal Population and Development
Review. Preparation of the Symposium involved close
collaboration with the international organizations, agencies
and United Nations bodies that are members of the Working
Group on International Migration of the Administrative
Committee on Coordination (ACC) Task Force on Basic
Social Services for All. The report of the Symposiums
deliberations (E/CN.9/1999/3) was issued in February 1999.
12. Another important development in the area of
Recommendations on Statistics of International Migration:
Revision 1. The Population Division collaborated with the4
United Nations Statistics Division, in the Department of
Economic and Social Affairs, and the Statistical Office of the
European Communities (Eurostat) in the preparation of those
13. Lastly, the database on South-to-North migration has
been updated to cover the period 19651995. In addition, a
database on East-to-West migration is in preparation.
II. World population projections
A. World population estimates and
projections: the 1998 and 2000 Revisions
Work has been completed on the 1998 Revision of the
Eastern Asia (except Mongolia). The rapid fertility transition
world population estimates and projections. The results were
in South-eastern Asia and Latin America and the Caribbean
officially announced in October 1998. There is one series of
brings an increasing number of developing countries close
demographic estimates for the period 19501995, and four
to that threshold: currently the TFR is below 3 (but higher
projection variants for the period 19952050. For the first
than 2.1) and decreasing in 34 countries with a combined
time, the sex and age distribution of the population is
population of 930 million people.
provided up to age 100. The number of countries for which
the demographic impact of acquired immunodeficiency
syndrome (AIDS) is explicitly incorporated was increased
from 28 in the 1996 Revision to 34 in the 1998 Revision.
The results of the 1998 Revision will be published
persons (those aged 60 years or over). Overall in the world,
during 1999 as a three-volume set entitled World Population
there are still three times as many children (30 per cent of the
Prospects: The 1998 Revision, comprising Volume I,
world population) as older persons (10 per cent of the world
Comprehensive Tables; Volume II, The Sex and Age
population). However, in the more developed regions, in
Distribution of the World Populations; and Volume III,
1998, the number of older persons exceeded that of children
Analysis. The results are also made available in a wall chart
for the first time. The population aged 80 years or over is
and in a series of databases. The findings were announced
projected to increase almost sixfold to reach 370 million in
through press releases and a media briefing packet.
At mid-1998, world population stood at 5.9 billion
persons, with 80 per cent residing in the less developed
regions. The world population is growing at a rate of 1.3 per
cent per year, which is significantly less than the peak growth
rate of 2.0 per cent in 19651970, and less than the rate of
1.5 per cent in 19901995. The annual population increment
also declined from its peak of 86 million in 19851990 to the
current 78 million. In the mid-twenty-first century, world
population will be in the range of 7.3 billion to 10.7 billion,
depending on the assumed future fertility trends. In the
medium-fertility variant, the world population reaches 8.9
billion in 2050.
The 1998 Revision shows a devastating toll from AIDS
with respect to mortality and population loss. In the 29
African countries in which the impact of AIDS was studied,
life expectancy at birth is projected to decrease to 47 years
in 19952000, whereas it would have been expected to reach
54 years in the absence of the AIDS epidemic. There is thus
a loss of seven years. In the nine hardest-hit countries, with
an adult human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence of
10 per cent or more, the average life expectancy at birth is
projected to be 10 years less than it would have been in the
absence of AIDS.
In all countries of the more developed regions, fertility
is significantly below the level necessary for the replacement
of generations (total fertility rate (TFR) of approximately
2.1). In 20 of the more developed countries, the TFR has
stayed at below-replacement level for at least two decades.
In the 1980s and 1990s, fertility has decreased to levels below
replacement in several countries from the less developed
regions, including all countries in the populous region of
As a result of the combined effects of the decrease in
fertility and the increase in life expectancy, the population of
the world is becoming older, with a diminishing proportion
of children (those under age 15) and an increase of older
B. Urban, rural and city population estimates
and projections: the 1998 and 2000
Work is in progress on the 1998 Revision of urban,
rural and city population estimates and projections. The wall
charts Urban and Rural Areas, 1998, and Urban
Agglomerations, 1998 are expected to be issued in 1999. The
results of the 1998 Revision will also be made available on
diskettes for IBM-compatible computers. The report entitled
World Urbanization Prospect: The 1998 Revision will also
be available in 1999.
C. Technical Meeting on the Demographic
Impact of HIV/AIDS
The Population Division, in cooperation with the Joint
United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS),
convened a Technical Meeting on the Demographic Impact
of HIV/AIDS on 10 November 1998 at United Nations
Headquarters, New York. AIDS has become one of the
biggest challenges to development for the coming decades.
In many countries, AIDS has erased decades of progress in
reducing child mortality and increasing life expectancy.
Participating in the Meeting were representatives of United
Nations organizations and prominent international experts
from around the world. The report of the Meeting, which
includes the background paper entitled AIDS, mortality and
population change prepared by the Population Division, is
available as a printed document and on the Internet.
The Technical Meeting had two main purposes. One
purpose was to review the results, methodology, data and
assumptions concerning the levels and trends of HIV
infections and their demographic impact. The second purpose
was to review existing knowledge on factors related to the
epidemiology and demography of HIV/AIDS and to make
recommendations on methodological issues, approaches to
sharing information and future research needs in order to
improve future estimates and projections.
recommendations for future action. For example, the experts
agreed that, even though the data are uncertain, it is important
to continue the effort to make national estimates of HIV/AIDS
and its demographic impact, since such information is vital
in helping decision makers to understand the magnitude of the
AIDS problem and in supporting efforts to improve
prevention and care programmes.
D. Administrative Committee on
Coordination (ACC) Subcommittee on
Demographic Estimates and Projections
The twentieth session of the ACC Subcommittee on
Demographic Estimates and Projections was held at United
Nations Headquarters in New York from 23 to 25 June 1998
(see ACC/1998/16). At that session, the Subcommittee
successfully arranged a schedule for coordination and
dissemination of the 1998 rounds of consistent demographic
and sectoral estimates and projections, which had been
undertaken by the Population Division in collaboration with
the regional commissions (for demographic estimates and
projections), the International Labour Organization (ILO) (for
labour-force estimates and projections), the Food and
Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) (for
agriculture population estimates and projections) the United
Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
(UNESCO) (for literacy estimates and projections) and the
World Health Organization (WHO) (for mortality parameters
Subcommittee also discussed arrangements for the
coordination of the 2000 rounds of estimates and projections.
III. Population policy and socio-
A. Population policies
One of the major activities of the work programme in
1998 was data processing and analysis of the United Nations
Eighth Population Inquiry Among Governments on
Population and Development. In addition to the core
questions, the Eighth Inquiry contains a number of questions
to assess the extent to which the Programme of Action of the
International Conference on Population and Development1
has been translated into population policies. While a
preliminary report has been completed, additional completed
questionnaires from countries are being sought.
In the area of abortion policies, a wall chart entitled
World Abortion Policies, 1999, and the corresponding
publication entitled Abortion Policies: An International
Overview have been prepared. The publication contains a
review of recent changes in the abortion laws and policies of
the developed and developing countries. The wall chart and
publication update an earlier study carried out in 1994.
The report finds that nearly all countries (97 per cent)
have policies that permit legal abortions to be performed to
save the womans life. The proportions of countries with
policies that permit legal abortion for other reasons vary: 63
per cent permit legal abortion to preserve the womans
physical health; 51 per cent to preserve the womans mental
health; 43 per cent for rape or incest; 42 per cent when there
is a possibility of foetal impairment; 31 per cent for economic
or social reasons; and 25 per cent upon request.
During 1998, a volume entitled National Population
Policies was revised and completed. The volume consists of
a consolidated overview of trends in population policies for
190 countries. The volume includes data sheets showing
trends in national population policies from 1976 to 1996 for
each of the 190 countries, as well as an overview chapter
describing and analysing trends in population policy at the
regional and global levels.
The study shows that in the past two decades, the
number of countries that consider both their rate of population
growth and their fertility rates to be too high has increased
significantly. A large majority of these countries have
established policies aimed at lowering their fertility rates. A
particular concern has been expressed by Governments
regarding the level of fertility among adolescents and many
Governments have adopted policies to address this issue.
Despite the considerable progress that has been made in
combating morbidity and mortality, the percentage of
countries that consider their level of mortality to be
unacceptable has decreased very little. In the developing
countries, infant and child survival and maternal mortality are
the principal concerns. Government concerns over the level
publication. The report grew out of the participation of the
and consequences of immigration have greatly increased,
Population Division in activities aimed at ensuring a
particularly in the developed world. Also, population
coordinated and system-wide implementation of the goals and
distribution has consistently been the area of most concern
commitments adopted by the recent global conferences,
to Governments, especially in the developing countries.
including the International Conference on Population and
30. The sixth edition of the population policy database
Global Population Policy Database, 1997 (GRIPP:1998),5
was completed in 1998, along with an accompanying diskette
and diskette documentation. In addition, a computerized
database on population policies is currently being designed
and programmed to enable user interfaces for data entry,
information search and tabulation.
B. Population and development
31. In the area of population ageing and its consequences,
a wall chart on world population ageing has been prepared
for release in 1999, to coincide with the International Year
of Older Persons. The chart features new statistical data on
ageing and older persons from the 1998 Revision of
population estimates and projections, including previously
unpublished estimates of life expectancy at age 60. The chart
also includes selected information from other United Nations
and outside sources regarding marital status, labour force
participation of older persons and statutory retirement ages.
Many of the statistics are provided separately for women and
32. Based on estimated mortality rates for the period
19952000, those who survive to age 60 can expect to live
18 more years 20 years for women and 17 years for men.
For both sexes combined, there is a three-year gap in life
expectancy at age 60 between the more developed and the less
developed regions. In absolute terms, this three-year
difference is considerably smaller than the corresponding
difference in life expectancy at birth between more and less
developed regions, which amounts to nearly 12 years.
33. There is a very large difference in marital status
between older men and women. On average, 21 per cent of
men aged 60 years or over are not married (including those
who are widowed, separated or never married), while 57 per
cent of older women have no spouse. This difference is
attributable mainly to the combined effects of the fact that
women live longer than men, and of the circumstance that
wives are typically younger than their husbands. Both factors
contribute to womens greater likelihood of outliving their
34. A report entitled Charting the Progress of Populations
has been issued as a working paper and will be revised for
Development. In 1997, the Population Division issued a wall
(ST/ESA/SER.A/160) as a contribution to the work of the
system-wide ACC Task Force on Basic Social Services for
All. The chart brought together key quantitative indicators
relevant to the goals adopted at the recent conferences.
Recognizing the desirability of an accessible and concise
analytic summary of these key indicators, the Population
Division prepared the new report featuring graphical and
tabular summaries for 12 key socio-economic indicators
related to the goals of the conferences. The Population
Division received active assistance from other United Nations
offices and specialized agencies in preparing the report.
35. In most areas covered by the indicators, significant
progress has been made in many regions in recent decades.
The growth rate of the worlds population is estimated to have
peaked in the 1960s, and has declined significantly since then.
Important advances have been made in making accessible the
means to combat the most common diseases of childhood, and
an increasing number of children are routinely immunized
against major disease. Improvements in life expectancy at
birth in the past half century, for both developing and
developed countries, represent a remarkable social and
demographic achievement. In the area of education, the
absolute number of illiterate adults in the world has, since the
early 1990s, begun to decline. Access to safe water and
sanitation facilities significantly increased during the 1980s.
36. At the same time, progress has been quite uneven across
the worlds region. The indicators show substantial variations
between regions and countries in respect of their past
achievements. Some countries have already surpassed most
of the conference goals, while others have yet to make
significant progress. Some countries or regions perform very
well in one area but poorly in others. In general, most African
countries are currently far from reaching goals identified at
the recent United Nations conferences. Asian and Oceanic
countries fare better, but tend to have larger intraregional
variations than other major regions. Also in Asia and Oceania,
progress is not consistent across different indicators. In these
countries, progress in some areas such as access to health
services has been substantial but is lagging for others
including access to sanitation and child malnutrition. Among
the less developed regions, the countries of Latin America and
the Caribbean are the closest to achieving the conference
goals for most of the 12 indicators. Their achievements in the
per cent and the number of megacities of 10 million persons
field of education are particularly noteworthy.
or more has increased manyfold from 5 to 18. The number of
37. Work is ongoing on the scheduled revision of the data
bank on Population, Resources, Environment and
Development (PRED Bank). The new version will have a
global coverage, and will include selected indicators from the
1998 Revision of the population estimates and projections and
other Population Division data, as well as economic, social
and environmental indicators from other United Nations
offices and other international organizations.
IV. Monitoring, review and appraisal,
coordination and dissemination of
A. Monitoring of population trends and
38. During 1998, the Population Division completed the
fourth of the annual edition of the World Population
Monitoring Report. The 1999 edition focuses on population
growth, structure and distribution, as endorsed by the
Economic and Social Council in its resolution 1995/55 of 28
July 1995. Also as endorsed by the Council in that resolution,
the full report (ESA/WP/147) is accompanied by a
summarized concise report (E/CN.9/1999/2).
39. The report covers such topics as population growth and 42. The Population Division was responsible for preparing
its components; changing population age structures;
the review and appraisal of the progress made in achieving
population distribution; urbanization and internal migration;
the goals and objectives of the Programme of Action of the
and the interrelationship of population growth, economic
International Conference on Population and Development.
growth, poverty, food provision and the environment. The
The results of the first quinquennial review and appraisal
report also reviews the population policies that Governments
were presented in two documents: the full report, which is
have adopted in response to their concerns about national
distributed as a working paper (ESA/P/WP.148), and a
aspects of population and development. In light of the
summary of the results, which is presented as a concise report
comments made at the thirty-second session of the
for consideration by the Commission on Population and
Commission on Population and Development and by scholars
Development (E/CN.9/1999/PC/2). The reports provide an
elsewhere, both the full report and the concise report will be
overall assessment of the implementation of the Programme
revised and published.
of Action, particularly as regards population growth, structure
40. The report highlights the striking demographic changes
that have taken place during the quarter-century since the
1974 World Population Conference in Bucharest. World
population size has increased from 4 billion persons then to
nearly 6 billion today. At the same time, the world population
growth rate has fallen from about 2 per cent per year in
19701975 to 1.3 per cent today, the average number of
children has fallen from 4.5 to 2.7 and life expectancy at birth
has risen from 56 to 65 years. The share of the worlds
population living in urban areas has increased from 36 to 47
persons who have moved to another country has risen to over
125 million. The report shows that, although in 1998 the
demographic transition has occurred or is occurring in nearly
every country, the timing and pace of the transition vary; and
in some regions and countries, steps backward are occurring.
For example, AIDS and other emerging diseases in some
countries, and economic and political dislocations in others,
have reversed past progress in improving health and reducing
41. The report concludes with a review of latest findings
concerning the interrelationship of population growth and
economic growth, poverty, food provision and the
environment. The report finds that poverty reduction, food
provision and environmental maintenance are integrally
linked with demographic, economic and political change. As
a result, population policies are an important element of the
policy-making components needed to advance social and
economic development, eliminate poverty and foster long-run
B. Review and appraisal of the
implementation of the Programme of
Action of the International Conference on
Population and Development
and distribution; reproductive rights and reproductive health;
health and mortality; international migration and
development; and, as prepared by the United Nations
Population Fund (UNFPA), issues on population programmes
and resources. The results will be discussed at the thirty-
second session of the Commission acting as the preparatory
committee for the special session of the General Assembly
for the review and appraisal of the implementation of the
Programme of Action of the International Conference on
Population and Development.
43. Among the outcomes of the review and appraisal is the
capacity-building and creation of developing country
conclusion that progress has been achieved, but has been
institution Web sites for the dissemination of local population
uneven, and that a great deal remains to be done. The report
publications. During the past year, Internet Web sites were
emphasizes that government leadership, priorities and
created in Benin, Egypt, Kenya, Latvia, Poland, Malaysia,
commitment are the critical variables for successful
Bulgaria and the Czech Republic. Home pages were also
implementation of the Programme of Action. The concise
created for POPIN Europe, which is hosted by the Economic
version of this report, along with the report of the
Commission for Europe (ECE), Population Activities Unit,
international forum on the operational review and appraisal
and for each of the 177 family planning associations that are
of the implementation of the Programme of Action of the
affiliated with the International Planned Parenthood
International Conference on Population and Development
(E/CN.9/1999/PC/3), provides input into the report of the
Secretary-General for the special session of the General
Assembly, containing draft measures for the further
C. Population information and publication
and dissemination of research studies
44. The Population Division continues to publish the results
of its research studies in a variety of formats so as to meet the
needs of different audiences. Those results are widely
disseminated to Governments; national and international
organizations; research and educational institutions;
individuals engaged in social and economic planning,
research and training; and the general public. It also continues
to develop and maintain databases and software, which are
made available on magnetic tape and/or diskette(s). During
1998, the Population Division prepared an updated catalogue
of its publications, covering the period 1996 to 1998. In
addition, a list of the Population Divisions publications and
other material issued in 1998 is given in the annex to the
45. The Population Division continues to receive and
respond to numerous requests for population information
from United Nations organizations, research institutions and
individual scholars. It also provides background information
to and participates regularly in international conferences and
meetings of the inter-agency groups and professional
societies. Information from the Population Division has
appeared prominently in a number of publications and reports
of other United Nations bodies and international conferences
46. In 1998, the Population Divisions Population
Information Network (POPIN) project, funded by UNFPA,
continued to promote use of the Internet and compact disk
read-only memory (CD-ROM) to increase the worldwide
availability and accessibility of substantive population
information. POPIN focuses in particular on information
47. Documentation is now available on the Internet Web
sites of the Economic Commission for Latin America and the
Caribbean (ECLAC); the Economic and Social Commission
for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP); and the ECE Population
Activities Unit. Documentation is also expected to be made
available on the Web sites of the Economic and Social
Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA) and the Economic
Commission for Africa (ECA).
48. The Population Division through POPIN also uses the
Internet as workplace in cyberspace interregional initiatives
such as the Worldwide Directory of Population Institutions.
For countries and regions where the Internet is not yet
available or not readily accessible, a CD-ROM version of the
POPIN Web site and the Worldwide Directory of Population
Institutions was included on a CD-ROM published in March
and again in December 1998. Another joint initiative, the
Dictionary of Demographic and Reproductive Health
Terminology, was launched in November 1998 as a
cooperative venture with the regional commissions, the
Population Division and various non-governmental
organizations. The Dictionary consists of population
terminology and definitions in English, French and Spanish
from the Users Guide to POPLINE Keywords. POPLINE is
the worlds largest bibliographic database of population
literature, consisting of over 200,000 documents and
49. In the area of capacity-building, a workshop on Internet
training for members of the Latin American POPIN, la Red
de Información sobre Población para América Latina y el
Caribe (IPALCA), was organized by the ECLAC, Centro
Latinoamericano de Demografía (CELADE). The Workshop,
which was co-sponsored by the Population Division, resulted
in the creation of 12 new multi-page Web sites for population
institutions in the ECLAC region placed on the server of the
University of Costa Rica.
V. Technical cooperation
50. The Population Division provided technical assistance
services during 1998 in the areas of population and
development training; analysis and research on socio-
economic and demographic data obtained from population
censuses, surveys and vital registration systems; population
policy; and population and development.
51. The Interregional Adviser in Population and the two
TSS specialists carried out various country assistance
missions during 1998, including missions to (a) Turkey, to
assist the Haceteppe Institute of Population Studies review
and update its population and development curriculum at all
levels; (b) Belize, to assist in the preparation and discussion
of a population policy draft document; (c) Honduras, to assist
the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Honduras in the
preparation of a Masters degree programme in social
demography, Honduras; and (d) Honduras, to assist in the
preparation of the mid-term review of the population
programme of Honduras. In addition, substantive support was
provided to the eight country support teams and to national
projects, and two papers were produced in the areas of
reproductive health and mortality.
See Report of the International Conference on Population
and Development, Cairo, 513 September 1994 (United
Nations publication, Sales No. E.95.XIII.18), chap. I,
resolution 1, annex.
Population Studies, No. 175 (United Nations publication,
Sales No. E.99.XIII.4).
United Nations, forthcoming.
Statistical Papers, No. 58, Rev.1 (United Nations
publication, Sales No. E.98.XVII.14).
United Nations publication, Sales No. E.98.XIII.11.
Publications, expert group meetings and other materials
prepared or organized by the Population Division, 1998
Adolescent reproductive behaviour: regional variations and global perspectives.
Charting the progress of populations. ESA/P/WP.149.
Health and Mortality: A Concise Report. ST/ESA/SER.A/172. Sales No. E.99.XIII.2.
Population Distribution and Migration. Proceedings of the United Nations Expert Group
Meeting on Population Distribution and Migration, Santa Cruz, Bolivia, 1822 January
1993. ST/ESA/SER.R/133. Sales No. E.98.XIII.12.
Population Policy Diskette Documentation,
1997. ST/ESA/SER.R/150. Sales
Review and appraisal of the progress made in achieving the goals and objectives of the
Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development.
The State matters: immigration control in developed countries. ESA/P/WP.146.
Too Young to Die: Genes or Gender? ST/ESA/SER.A/155. Sales No. E.98.XIII.13.
World Population Monitoring 1997: International Migration and Development.
ST/ESA/SER.A/169. Sales No. E.98.XIII.4.
World Population Projections to 2150. ST/ESA/SER.A/173. Sales No. E.98.XIII.14.
World Population Prospects: The 1996 Revision. ST/ESA/SER.A/167. Sales
World Population Prospects: The 1998 Revision, Volume I: Comprehensive Tables.
World Urbanization Prospects: The 1996 Revision. ST/ESA/SER.A/170. Sales
Expert group meetings
Technical meeting on the demographic impact of HIV/AIDS (New York, 10 November
World Contraceptive Use, 1998. ST/ESA/SER.A/175. Sales No. E.99.XIII.4.
World Population, 1998. ST/ESA/SER.A/176. Sales No. E.99.XIII.6.
World Abortion Policies, 1999. ST/ESA/SER.A/178. Sales No. E.99.XIII.5.
Global Population Policy Database, 1997. ST/ESA/SER.R/149. Sales No. E.98.XIII.11.
World Population, 19502050 (The 1998 Revision).
Annual Populations, 19502050 (The 1998 Revision).
Demographic Indicators, 19502050 (The 1998 Revision).
Sex and Age Quinquennial, 19502050 (The 1998 Revision).
Sex and Age Annual, 19502050 (The 1998 Revision).
Age Patterns of Fertility, 19952050 (The 1998 Revision).
Population Newsletter, Nos. 65 and 66.
The Newsletter is issued biannually to provide, to a wide readership, information on
the programme activities of the Population Division; on action taken by legislative bodies
with competence in the population field; and on meetings on population and related issues
organized by the Population Division and other United Nations organizations, as well as on
recent and forthcoming publications of the Population Division.