E/CN.9/1997/CRP.1: Prog. of work 1998-1999, DESIPA (English)

************************************************************************
This document is being made available by the Population Information
Network (POPIN) Gopher/Web site of the United Nations Population Division
(DESIPA), with financial support from the United Nations Population Fund
(UNFPA).
*************************************************************************



                                                  E/CN.9/1997/CRP.1
                                                  3 January 1997

                                                  ORIGINAL:  ENGLISH



COMMISSION ON POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT
Thirtieth session
24-28 February 1997
Item 5 (b) of the provisional agenda*


        PROGRAMME QUESTIONS:  PROPOSED PROGRAMME OF WORK FOR
                       THE BIENNIUM 1998-1999

Proposed programme of work for the biennium 1998-1999:
population (Department for Economic and Social
Information and Policy Analysis of the United Nations
Secretariat)

             Note by the Secretary-General


                         SUMMARY


     The present document contains the proposed programme of work
in the field of population of the Department for Economic and
Social Information and Policy Analysis of the United Nations
Secretariat for the biennium 1998-1999.

     The proposed work programme was formulated within the
framework of the medium-term plan for the period 1998-2001,
adopted by the General Assembly at its fifty-first session
(resolution 51/219, sect. I).  The activities include follow-up
activities relating to the International Conference on Population
and Development (Cairo, September 1994); estimates and projections
of population for all countries; studies of mortality, fertility,
migration, population policies, and population and development;
monitoring of world population trends and policies; coordination
and dissemination of population information; and technical
cooperation.

-----------------
* E/CN.9/1997/1
------------------------------------------------------------------


                            INTRODUCTION


1.   The present programme of work is an elaboration of the
activities in population to be carried out by the Population
Division of the Department for Economic and Social Information and
Policy Analysis of the United Nations Secretariat during the
biennium 1998-1999.  The programme of work is formulated within
the framework of the medium-term plan for the period 1998-2001,
which was adopted by the General Assembly at its fifty-first
session (resolution 51/219, sect. I).  The programme of work is
also designed to take into account the Programme of Action of the
International Conference on Population and Development (Cairo,
September 1994)1/ and other relevant conferences.


2.   For the biennium 1998-1999, the programme of work will be
dealing with:

     (a) Analysis of demographic variables at world level.  This
includes the analysis of fertility, mortality and migration.

     (b) World population projections.  This involves the
preparation of estimates and projections of population for all
countries and regions, and urban, rural and city population
estimates and projections.

     (c) Population policy and socio-economic development.
Included in this programme is the analysis of population policy
and the relationships among population, resources, environment and
development.

     (d) Monitoring, review and appraisal, coordination and
dissemination of population information.

     (e) Technical cooperation in population.

3.   Reports on world population monitoring and the review and
appraisal of the Programme of Action will build upon and
synthesize the research carried out under (a), (b) and (c).  The
dissemination of population research findings produced under (a),
(b) and (c) will be carried out under (d), as will the
coordination of population information activities at the global
level, through the Population Information Network (POPIN).  The
substantive and administrative management of the Population
Division will also be carried out under (d).  Technical
cooperation in population, under (e), will draw upon the research
and methodological work carried out under (a)-(d) above.

4.   Activities planned for the biennium include the biennial
revisions of estimates and projections of national, urban, rural
and city populations, including demographic indicators and age
structure; a study of levels and trends of contraceptive use; a
study of nuptiality and child-bearing among adolescents; a study
of levels and trends of adult mortality; studies on the
measurement of international migration and its causes; a study on
emerging trends in national population policies, including
fertility, mortality and migration policies; research on the
relationships between population dynamics and economic
development, as well as on such issues as ageing.

5.   Findings of various research activities, including
information from the databases, will be issued in machine-readable
format, especially on microcomputer diskettes.  Results of
research and technical cooperation activities will also continue
to be disseminated through the global Population Information
Network (POPIN).  A major source of data for many of the studies
is the population statistics regularly assembled by the Statistics
Division of the Department for Economic and Social Information and
Policy Analysis of the United Nations Secretariat.

6.   Details of the proposed programme of work are given below.

(a)  Analysis of demographic variables at world level

7.   The objective of the subprogramme is to provide scientific
assessment of the levels and trends of the components of
population change and the factors that affect them.

8.   During the biennium 1998-1999, emphasis will be placed on the
measurement of levels and trends of international migration, the
analysis of its causes and its relationship with development.
Other areas to be studied are levels and trends of adult
mortality, contraceptive use and nuptiality and child-bearing
among adolescents.  Substantial contributions will also be made to
the world population monitoring reports and the review and
appraisal of the Programme of Action of the International
Conference on Population and Development.

     Activities

     1.  Published material:

         (a)  Two issues of a recurrent publication entitled
              International Migration:  the first on levels and
              trends of international migration in a particular
              region of the world and the second on methodological
              issues related to the study of the determinants of
              international migration;

         (b)  Four non-recurrent publications:  mortality;
              nuptiality and child-bearing among adolescents;
              contraceptive use; and wall chart on contraceptive
              use;

         (c)  Technical material.  Databases on contraceptive use;
              fertility levels and trends; mortality; and
              international migration.

     2.  Information material and services:

         Wall chart on contraceptive use, provision of ad hoc
         information services and data on contraceptive use,
         fertility, international migration and mortality.

     3.  Operational activities:

         Advisory missions to Member States and provision of
         technical support on fertility and reproductive health
         programmes, including family planning; and in the fields
         of mortality, internal migration and international
         migration.

     4.  Coordination, harmonization and liaison:

         Contribution to inter-agency and interdepartmental
         activities and task forces, on international migration,
         mortality, fertility, reproductive health and family
         planning.

(b)  World population projections

9.   The objective is to make estimates and projections of
population size and growth and other major demographic indicators,
including those for urban and rural population for all countries.

10.  In the biennium 1998-1999, the 1998 revision of World
Population Prospects will be completed and work on the 2000
revision will be initiated.  The population estimates and
projections and demographic indicators will provide a standard and
consistent set of population figures for use throughout the United
Nations system for activities requiring population information.
They will also serve as inputs to estimates and projections
undertaken by the specialized agencies in such areas as labour
force, school enrolment and agriculture.  These activities will be
coordinated system-wide under the auspices of the Administrative
Committee on Coordination (ACC), with a view to maintaining
consistency among the sectoral population estimates and
projections made by other entities of the United Nations system.
The subprogramme will also make substantial contributions to the
world population monitoring reports and the review and appraisal
of the Programme of Action of the International Conference on
Population and Development.

     Activities

     1.  Published material:

         (a)  Nine recurrent publications:  World Population
              Prospects, annex tables (1998 revision); World
              Population Prospects (1998 revision); Sex and Age
              Distribution of World Populations (1998 revision);
              world population chart, 1998; World Urbanization
              Prospects, annex tables (1998 revision); World
              Urbanization Prospects (1998 revision); urban
              agglomerations chart, 1998; urban and rural areas
              chart, 1998; report of the ACC Subcommittee on
              Demographic Estimates and Projections on its
              twentieth session;

         (b)  Technical material.  Databases on world population;
              demographic indicators; sex and age, quinquennial
              (1998 revision); annual populations (1998 revision);
              sex and age, annual, (1998 revision); age patterns
              of fertility (1998 revision); urban and rural areas
              (1998 revision); urban agglomerations (1998
              revision).

     2.  Information material and services:

         Provision of ad hoc information services on national,
         urban, rural and city estimates and projections and
         demographic indicators.

     3.  Operational activities:

         Advisory missions to Member States and provision of
         technical support for projects in the field of population
         estimates and projections.

     4.  Coordination, harmonization and liaison:

         Contribution to activities of the ACC Subcommittee on
         Demographic Estimates and Projections (twentieth
         session).

(c)  Population policy and socio-economic development

11.  The objective of this subprogramme is to assess the
interrelationships between population and development and
governmental policies intended to influence these
interrelationships.

12.  During the biennium 1998-1999, the subprogramme will focus on
the interrelationships between population trends and policies and
major issues of socio-economic development.  Among the areas to be
studied are emerging trends in national population policies,
including fertility, mortality and migration policies.  The
relationships among population dynamics and economic development,
as well as issues such as population ageing, will also be
considered.  Substantial contributions will also be made to the
world population monitoring reports and the review and appraisal
of the Programme of Action of the International Conference on
Population and Development.

     Activities

     1.  Parliamentary services:

     One ad hoc expert group meeting on population ageing


     2.  Published material:

         (a)  Three recurrent publications:  Global Population
              Policy Database, 1999; Population Policy Diskette
              Documentation, 1999; Population, Resources,
              Environment and Development Database Documentation,
              1999;

         (b)  Three non-recurrent publications: results of the
              Eighth Population Inquiry Among Governments;
              emerging issues in population policy; population and
              development;

         (c)  Technical material:  Databases on global review and
              inventory of population policies; and population,
              resources, environment and development.

     3.  Information material and services:

         Provision of ad hoc information services and data on
         population policies and on interrelationships between
         population and development trends.

     4.  Operational activities:

         Advisory missions to Member States to advise on
         implementation of population policies and population and
         development issues.

     5.  Coordination, harmonization and liaison:

         Contributions to inter-agency and interdepartmental
         activities regarding the provision of basic social
         services for all, population policies, the status of
         women, and population and sustainable development.

(d)  Monitoring, review and appraisal, coordination and
     dissemination of population information

13.  The objectives are to assess, prepare, coordinate and
disseminate information on the world demographic situation,
monitor population trends and policies, and review and appraise,
quinquennially, the implementation of the Programme of Action of
the International Conference on Population and Development.

14.  During the biennium 1998-1999, the work will focus on
activities related to the follow-up to the International
Conference on Population and Development, including the
strengthening and expansion of POPIN to enable it to respond
effectively to requests for information and to support
coordination among United Nations entities in the field of
population.


     Activities

     1.  International cooperation:

         External relations.  Liaison with governmental and
         non-governmental organizations working in the field of
         population in relation to the implementation of the
         Programme of Action of the International Conference on
         Population and Development.

     2.  Parliamentary services:

         (a)  Parliamentary documentation.  Seven reports to the
              Commission on Population and Development at its
              thirty-first and thirty-second sessions:  on world
              population monitoring; review and appraisal of the
              Programme of Action of the International Conference
              on Population and Development; progress report on
              activities in the field of population; and proposed
              programme of work in the field of population for
              2000-2001;

         (b)  Substantive services to the Commission on Population
              and Development at its thirty-first and
              thirty-second sessions.

     3.  Published material:

         (a)  Thirteen issues of recurrent publications:  two
              summaries of world population monitoring; two
              reports on world population monitoring; review and
              appraisal of the Programme of Action;  Population
              Bulletin of the United Nations (semi-annual);
              Population Newsletter (semi-annual);

         (b)  Four non-recurrent publications:  activities of the
              POPIN Advisory and Coordinating Committee (annual);
              and activities of the POPIN Information Technology
              Working Group.

     4.  Information material and services

         Catalogue of Population Division publications, databases
         and software; brochure on activities of the Population
         Division; documentation on POPIN and the POPIN
         Gopher/World Wide Web site;* and population reference
         centre acquisition list (monthly).

     5.  Operational activities:

         (a)  Advisory services.  Provision of advice to member
              States on information technologies in the field of
              population policy formulation and implementation;

         (b)  Field projects on information technologies to member
              States and regional support teams in the field of
              population.

     6.  Coordination, harmonization and liaison

         Collaboration with organizations of the United Nations
         system in the preparation of reports to the Commission on
         Population and Development on the activities of the
         United Nations system in the field of population and on
         the follow-up to the Programme of Action of the
         International Conference on Population and Development;
         contribution to activities of the POPIN Advisory and
         Coordinating Committee and collaboration with
         organizations of the United Nations system and
         non-governmental organizations in the dissemination of
         population information through the POPIN Gopher/World
         Wide Web site.*

(e)  Technical cooperation in population

15.  The objective of the subprogramme is to strengthen national
capabilities for training in population and development and in the
analysis of population data with a view to optimizing population
planning and related national policies.

16.  In the biennium 1998-1999, the subprogramme will continue to
provide, upon request and on a priority basis, advisory services
to member States and regional support teams in the areas of
population training, analysis of population data and population
policies, as well as population and development within the context
of the Programme of Action of the International Conference on
Population and Development.  Technical cooperation activities will
be enhanced by the preparation of technical materials.

     Activities

     1.  Information materials:

         State-of-the-art reports in the areas of population and
         development strategies; evaluation of population and
         reproductive health programmes; population data analysis
         and research; and training in population and
         development.

     2.  Operational activities:

         (a)  Advisory services.  Provision of advice to member
              States and regional support teams in the formulation
              and implementation of population and development
              strategies; training in population and development;
              population data analysis and research; and
              evaluation of population and reproductive health
              programmes;*

         (b)  Group training.  Short-term training workshops,
              seminars, study tours, degree and non-degree
              programmes and fellowships for population studies
              abroad;

         (c)  Field projects.  Technical support to country and
              intercountry projects to assist developing countries
              and, on a temporary basis, countries with economies
              in transition in strengthening national capacities
              in the areas of demographic analysis, population
              projections, population policy and socio-economic
              development.


                                Notes

     1/ Report of the International Conference on Population and
Development, Cairo, 5-13 September 1994 (United Nations
publication, Sales No. E.95.XIII.18), chap. I, resolution 1.


                           --------------


For further information, please contact: popin@undp.org
POPIN Gopher site: gopher://gopher.undp.org/11/ungophers/popin
POPIN WWW site:http://www.undp.org/popin