United Nations

E/CN.9/1996/CRP.1


Economic and Social Council

 Distr. GENERAL
4 January 1996
ORIGINAL: ENGLISH


COMMISSION ON POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT
Twenty-ninth session
26 February - 1 March 1996
Item 5 (b) of the provisional agenda*


                  PROGRAMME QUESTIONS:  PROGRAMME OF WORK FOR     
                       THE BIENNIUM 1996-1997

     Programme of work for the biennium 1996-1997: population     
     Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy
           Analysis of the United Nations Secretariat

                  Note by the Secretary-General


      *E/CN.9/1996/1.                                             
===================================================================

                                 INTRODUCTION

1.The present programme of work is an elaboration of the activities
in population to be carried out by the Population Division of the
Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis
of the United Nations Secretariat during the biennium 1996-1997. 
The programme was formulated within the general terms of the
programme of the medium-term plan for the period 1992-1997, as
revised (A/47/6/Rev.1).  It will be the last formulated within the
framework of that medium-term plan.  The programme of work is also
designed to take into account the Programme of Action of the
International Conference on Population and Development 1/ (Cairo,
September 1994).

2.The programme of work for 1996-1997 was reviewed by the Committee
for Programme and Coordination, the Advisory Committee on
Administrative and Budgetary Questions, and the Fifth Committee,
and approved by the General Assembly at its fiftieth session. 
However, later adjustments had to be made to the work programme to
take into account the outcomes of the World Summit for Social
Development (Copenhagen, March 1995) and the Fourth World
Conference on Women (Beijing, September 1995), as well as other
relevant considerations, including the general measures taken by
the Secretary-General on the serious financial situation of the
Organization.  This document reflects those adjustments.

3.For the biennium 1996-1997, the programme to be implemented by
the Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy
Analysis is organized into five subprogrammes.  They are:

  Subprogramme 1.  Analysis of demographic variables at world
level.  This includes the analysis of fertility, mortality and
migration.

  Subprogramme 2.  World population projections.  This involves the
preparation of estimates and projections of population for all
countries and regions, and urban, rural and city population
estimates and projections.

  Subprogramme 3.  Population policy and socio-economic
development.  Included in this programme is the analysis of
population policy and the relationships among population,
resources, environment and development.

  Subprogramme 4.  Monitoring, review and appraisal, coordination
and dissemination of population information.

  Subprogramme 5.  Technical cooperation in population.

4.Reports on the monitoring of world population trends and policies
within the context of the implementation of the Programme of Action
of the International Conference on Population and Development will
be undertaken, building upon and synthesizing the research carried
out in subprogrammes 1, 2 and 3 above.  Reports will be prepared to
provide the basis for the coordination of population activities
within the United Nations system, and of intergovernmental and non-
governmental organizations.  The dissemination of population
research findings produced in subprogrammes 1, 2 and 3 will be
carried out in subprogramme 4, as will the coordination of
population information activities at the global level through the
Population Information Network (POPIN).  The substantive and
administrative management of the Population Division will also be
carried out under this subprogramme.  Technical cooperation in
population will be carried out in subprogramme 5.

5.During the biennium 1996-1997, the work programme will be
oriented towards the implementation of the recommendations in the
Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population
and Development.

6.Activities of importance planned for the biennium include the
biennial revisions of estimates and projections of national, urban,
rural and city populations, including demographic indicators and
age structure; a study of the family-building process as an
approach to the evaluation of the impact of family planning
programmes; a study of the determinants of fertility behaviour; a
study of nuptiality, adolescents and child-bearing; studies of the
methodological aspects of estimating adult mortality; research on
the components of urban growth; a study on the measurements of
international migration and its causes; a study on world population
policies with a special in-depth study on international migration
policies; research on population, resources, environment and
development; and a study on the relationship between population and
poverty.

7.Findings of various research activities, including information
from the databases, will be issued in machine-readable format,
especially on microcomputer diskettes.  Coordination of population
information activities through global POPIN will again be carried
out as part of the work programme of the Population Division.  A
major source of data for many of the studies is the population
statistics regularly assembled by the Statistics Division of the
Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis
of the United Nations Secretariat.

8.Details of the proposed programme of work are given below.


PROGRAMME OF WORK FOR THE BIENNIUM 1996-1997:  POPULATION

                         Subprogramme 1
        Analysis of demographic variables at world level

8.1.The objective of the subprogramme is to provide scientific
assessment of the levels and trends of the components of population
change and the factors that affect them.

8.2.In the biennium 1996-1997, increased emphasis will be placed on
the study of methodological aspects of the estimation of adult
mortality, the measurement of levels and trends of international
migration, the analysis of its causes and its relationship with
development, and the contribution of net rural-urban migration to
urban growth.  The subprogramme will also examine the determinants
of fertility behaviour, nuptiality and child-bearing, the family-
building process and the quality of family planning services.  In
undertaking these studies, the subprogramme will be guided by the
recommendations of the Programme of Action of the International
Conference on Population and Development.

  Activities

    1. Published material:

       (a)Two issues of a recurrent publication on the measurement
of international migration, its causes and its relationship with
development;

       (b)Five non-recurrent publications: the family-building
process - an approach to the evaluation of the impact of family
planning programmes; the determinants of fertility behaviour;
nuptiality, adolescence and child-bearing; mortality; and the
components of urban growth;

       (c)Technical material.  Databases on contraceptive use,
fertility levels and trends, mortality and international migration.

    2. Information material and services:

       Booklets, pamphlets, fact-sheets, wall charts and
information kits.  Provision of adhoc information services and data
on contraceptive use, fertility, internal migration and
urbanization, international migration and mortality; a wall chart
on evolving patterns of fertility behaviour in developing countries.

    3. Operational activities:

       Advisory services.  Advisory missions to Member States and
provision of technical support on reproductive health programmes,
including family planning; and in thefields of mortality and
internal and international migration.

    4. Coordination, harmonization and liaison:

       Contribution to activities of inter-agency task forces, for
example, on population and development, environment and women's
issues.


                         Subprogramme 2
           World population estimates and projections

8.3.The objective of the subprogramme is to make estimates and
projections of population size and growth and other major
demographic indicators, including those for urban and rural
population for all countries.

8.4.In the biennium 1996-1997, the 1996 revision of the World
Population Prospects will be completed and work on the 1998
revision will be initiated.  The population estimates and    
projections and demographic indicators will provide a standard and
consistent set of population figures for use throughout the United
Nations system for activities requiring population information. 
They will also serve as inputs to estimates and projections
undertaken by the specialized agencies in such areas as labour
force, school enrolment and agriculture.  These activities will be
coordinated system-wide under the auspices of the Administrative
Committee on Coordination (ACC), with a view to maintaining
consistency among the sectoral population estimates and projections
made by other entities of the United Nations system.

  Activities

    1. Published material:

    (a)Eight recurrent publications:  World Population Prospects,
annex tables (1996 revision); World Population Prospects (1996
revision); Sex and Age Distribution of World Populations       
(1996 revision); world population chart, 1996; World Urbanization
Prospects, annex tables (1996 revision); World Urbanization
Prospects (1996 revision); urban agglomerations chart, 1996; report
of the ACC Subcommittee on Demographic Estimates and Projections at
its nineteenth session;

    (b)Technical material.  Databases on world population;
demographic indicators; sex and age quinquennial (1996 revision);
annual populations (l996 revision); sex and age annual (l996
revision); age patterns of fertility (l996 revision); urban and
rural areas (l996 revision); urban agglomerations (l996 revision).

    2. Information material and services:

       Provision of ad hoc information services on national, urban,
rural and city estimates and projections and demographic
indicators.

    3. Coordination, harmonization and liaison:

       Contribution to activities of the ACC Subcommittee on
Demographic Estimates and Projections (nineteenth session).

    4. Operational activities:

       Advisory services.  Advisory missions to Member States and
provision of technicalsupport for projects in the field of
population estimates and projections.


                         Subprogramme 3
        Population policy and socio-economic development

8.5.The objective of this subprogramme is to assess the
interrelationships between population and development and
governmental policies intended to influence these
interrelationships.

8.6.During the biennium 1996-1997, the subprogramme will focus on
the interrelationships between population trends and policies and
major issues of socio-economic development.  Among some of the
areas to be studied are emerging trends in national fertility,
mortality and migration policies and the significance and impact of
international migration policies on sending and receiving
countries.  The relationships among population dynamics, poverty,
sustained economic growth and environmentally sustainable
development will also be studied.


  Activities

    1. Published material:

       (a) Three recurrent publications:  Global Population Policy
Database, 1997; Population Policy Diskette Documentation, 1997; and
Population and Resources Database;

       (b) Six non-recurrent publications:  World Population
Policies, volume II; international migration policies; relationship
between  population and poverty; policies on mortality; policies on
reproductive behaviour; trends in population and land use;

       (c) Technical material.  Databases on global review and
inventory of population policies; and population, resources,
environment and development.

    2. Information material and services:

       Provision of ad hoc information services and data on
population policies and on interrelationships between population
and development trends.

    3. Operational activities:

       Advisory missions to Member States to advise on
implementation ofpopulation policies and integration of population
into development policies and programmes.


                         Subprogramme 4
         Monitoring, review and appraisal, coordination
  and dissemination of population information

8.7.The objectives of this subprogramme are to assess, prepare,
coordinate and disseminate information on the world demographic
situation, monitor population trends and policies, and review and
appraise, quinquennially, the implementation of the Programme of
Action of the International Conference on Population and
Development.

8.8.During the biennium 1996-1997, the subprogramme will focus on
activities related to the follow-up to the International Conference
on Population and Development, including the strengthening and
expansion of POPIN to enable it to respond effectively to requests
for information and to support coordination among United Nations
entities in the field of population.

  Activities

    1. International cooperation:

       External relations.  Liaison with governmental and non-
governmental organizationsworking in the field of population in
relation to the implementation of the Programme ofAction   of the
International Conference on Population and Development.

    2. Parliamentary services:

       (a) Parliamentary documentation.  Six reports to the
Commissions on Population and Development at its twenty-ninth and
thirtieth sessions:  on world population monitoring; progress
report on activities in the field of population; and proposed
programme of work in the field of population for 1998-1999;

       (b) Substantive services to the Commission on Population and
Development at its twenty-ninth and thirtieth sessions.

    3. Published material:

       (a) Thirteen issues of recurrent publications:  two
summaries of world population monitoring; concise report on the
world population situation in 1997; two reports on world population
monitoring; Population Bulletin of the United Nations (semi-
annual); Population Newsletter (semi-annual);

       (b) Four non-recurrent publications:  activities of the
POPIN Advisory Committee and the Coordinating Committee (annual);
activities of the POPIN Working Group on the Management of the
Population Multilingual Thesaurus; and activities of the  POPIN   
Information Technology Working Group;

       (c) Technical material.  Training guide to networking for
population information centres.

       4.  Information material and services

           Booklets; pamphlets; fact-sheets; wall charts;
information kits; catalogue of Population Division publications,
databases and software; global directory of population
institutions;   documentation on POPIN and the POPIN gopher; and  
population reference centre acquisition list (monthly).

       5.  Operational activities:

           (a) Advisory services.  Provision of advice to Member
States on information technologies in the field of population
policy formulation and implementation;

           (b) Field projects.  Field projects on information
technologies to Member States and regional support teams in the
field of population.

       6.  Coordination, harmonization and liaison

           Contribution to activities of the POPIN Advisory
Committee and the Coordinating Committee; collaboration with
organizations of the United Nations system in the           
preparation of reports to the Commission on Population and
Development on the activities of the United Nations system in the
field of population and on the follow-up to the Programme of Action
of the International Conference on Population and Development.


                         Subprogramme 5
               Technical cooperation in population

8.9. The objective of the subprogramme is to strengthen national
capabilities for training in population and demography and in the
analysis of population data with a view to optimizing population
planning and related national policies.

8.10.In the biennium 1996-1997, the subprogramme will continue to
provide, upon request and on a priority basis, advisory services to
Member States and regional support teams in the areas of     
population training, analysis of population data and population
policies, fertility and family planning, as well as population and
development within the context of the Programme of Action of the
International Conference on Population and Development.  Technical
cooperation activities will be enhanced by the preparation of
technical materials.

  Activities

     1.Published material:

       Four non-recurrent publications:  guidelines for the
improvement of teaching methods, curricula and teaching/learning
materials in the field of population; analytical studies on       
updated techniques of demographic analysis; guidelines for the
conceptualization and design of methodologies for incorporation of
population variables into developmentplanning, including  
resources and the environment; and guidelines for the evaluation
ofthe demographic impact of family planning programmes within
general population policy.

     2.Operational activities:

       (a) Advisory services.  Provision of advice to Member States
and regional support teams in the formulation and implementation of
population policy; teaching demography and population studies;
demographic analysis and research; population and development; and
evaluation of the demographic impact of family planning programmes;

       (b) Group training.  Short-term training workshops,
seminars, study tours, degree and non-degree programmes and
fellowships for population studies abroad;

       (c) Field projects.  Technical support to country and
intercountry projects to assist developing countries in developing
and/or strengthening national capacities and capabilities in the
areas of institutionalized training/research, demographic analysis, 
population policies, family planning and population and
development.


                                     Note

     1/  Report of the International Conference on Population and
Development, Cairo, 5-13 September 1994 (United Nations
publication, Sales No. E.95.XIII.18), chap. I, resolution 1.                    

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