United Nations

E/CN.9/1995/1


Economic and Social Council

 Distr. GENERAL
4 January 1995
ORIGINAL: ENGLISH


POPULATION COMMISSION
Twenty-eighth session
21 February-2 March 1995
Item 2 of the provisional agenda


        ADOPTION OF THE AGENDA AND OTHER ORGANIZATIONAL MATTERS

                         Provisional agenda


1.   Election of officers.

2.   Adoption of the agenda and other organizational matters.

3.   Review of population trends, policies and programmes:

     (a)  General debate on national experience in population     
          matters;

     (b)  Monitoring of world population trends and policies;

     (c)  Monitoring of multilateral population assistance.

4.   International Conference on Population and Development: 
follow-up action to be taken by the United Nations:

     (a)  Consideration of the recommendations of the International
          Conference on Population and Development;

     (b)  Implications of the recommendations of the International
          Conference on Population and Development for the work
          programme on population.

5.   Programme questions:

     (a)  Programme performance and implementation;

     (b)  Proposed programme of work for the biennium 1996-1997.


Provisional agenda for the twenty-ninth session of the Commission.

7.   Adoption of the report of the Commission on its twenty-eighth
session.


                          Annotations

1.   Election of officers

     Rule 15 of the rules of procedure of the functional
commissions of the Economic and Social Council stipulates that at
the commencement of its first meeting of a regular session the
Population Commission shall elect, from among the representatives
of its members, a Chairman, one or more Vice-Chairmen and such
other officers as may be required.

     At past sessions, the Commission has elected a Chairman, three
Vice-Chairmen and a Rapporteur.

2.   Adoption of the agenda and other organizational matters

     Rule 7 of the rules of procedure requires that the Population
Commission shall, at the beginning of each session, after the
election of its officers, adopt the agenda for that session on the
basis of the provisional agenda.

     On the recommendation of the Commission at its twenty-seventh
session, the Economic and Social Council, by decision 1994/227,
approved the provisional agenda and documentation for the
twenty-eighth session of the Commission.

3.   Review of population trends, policies and programmes

     (a)  General debate on national experience in population
matters

     At its twenty-seventh session, the Population Commission
concluded that it would be useful to continue making provision in
its agenda for a general debate, during which members would be able
to exchange views and national experience in the area of
population.  That conclusion was approved by the Economic and
Social Council in decision 1994/227.

     (b)  Monitoring of world population trends and policies

     The Secretariat is carrying out a number of activities in
response to resolutions and decisions adopted by the Economic and
Social Council at its fifty-eighth session concerning the
implementation of the World Population Plan of Action.  The
Council, in its decision 87 (LVIII) on the role of the Population
Commission in the implementation of the World Population Plan of
Action, requested the Population Commission to examine on a
biennial basis the results of the continuous process of monitoring
of population trends and policies, in accordance with paragraph 107
of the Plan of Action, and to bring its findings to the attention
of the Council.

     The General Assembly, in resolution 39/228, endorsed the
recommendation of the International Conference on Population, 1984,
that the monitoring of population trends and policies and the
review and appraisal of the World Population Plan of Action
continue to be undertaken by the Secretary-General, as specified in
the Plan of Action.  The request for a report on the monitoring of
population trends and policies was reiterated by the Economic and
Social Council in its resolution 1985/4.

     In resolution 49/128 of 19 December 1994, the General
Assembly, in endorsing the recommendations of the International
Conference on Population and Development held in Cairo in 1994,
decided that "the revitalized Population Commission, as a
functional commission assisting the Economic and Social Council,
will monitor, review and assess the implementation of the Programme
of Action at the national, regional and international levels and
advise the Council thereon".

     The Population Commission has reviewed eight reports of the
Secretary-General on the monitoring of population trends and
policies - in 1977, 1979, 1981, 1984, 1987, 1989, 1991 and 1994. 
Its review of the eighth report was delayed by one year beyond the
normal two-year cycle as a result of the postponement of the
twenty-seventh session of the Population Commission so that it
could act as the intergovernmental preparatory committee for the
International Conference on Population and Development.  The delay
was also necessary in order that the findings of the eighth round
of monitoring could provide up-to-date input into the review and
appraisal of progress made in the implementation of the World
Population Plan of Action.

     In 1995, the Population Commission resumes its normal biennial
cycle of meetings.  However, less than one year has elapsed since
its most recent session, when a full-scale report on the monitoring
of population trends and policies was presented.  In view of that
brief interval, the Commission, at its twenty-seventh session,
agreed that an addendum to the eighth report on monitoring of
population trends and policies should be submitted to it at its
twenty-eighth session rather than a completely new report.

     (c)  Monitoring of multilateral population assistance

     In resolution 1987/72 on the follow-up to the recommendations
of the International Conference on Population, 1984, the Economic
and Social Council requested the Secretary-General to prepare, on
a regular basis, reports on, among other things, monitoring of
multilateral population assistance.  In the same resolution, the
Council requested the Executive Director of the United Nations
Population Fund (UNFPA) to continue to submit to the Population
Commission, on a regular basis, a report on the activities of the
Fund, and invited the Population Commission to review those
reports, within its competence, and to transmit its views to the
Council at its second regular session.  Less than a year has
elapsed since the Commission's most recent session, when such
full-scale reports were presented.  In view of that brief interval,
the Commission will have before it, at its twenty-eighth session,
addenda to the report on the monitoring of multilateral population
assistance and to the report of the Executive Director of UNFPA on
the activities of the Fund, rather than completely new reports.

Documentation

     Concise report of the Secretary-General on the monitoring of
population trends and policies (E/CN.9/1995/2)

     Report of the Secretary-General on the monitoring of
multilateral population assistance (E/CN.9/1995/3)

     Report of the Executive Director of the United Nations
Population Fund on the activities of the Fund (E/CN.9/1995/4)

4.   International Conference on Population and Development: 
follow-up action to be taken by the United Nations

     (a)  Consideration of the recommendations of the International
Conference on Population and Development

     On the recommendation of the Population Commission at its
twenty-fifth session, the Economic and Social Council decided, by
its resolution 1989/91, to convene in 1994, under the auspices of
the United Nations, an "international meeting on population". 
Pursuant to that resolution, the Council, in its resolution
1991/93, decided to call the meeting the International Conference
on Population and Development and, in its resolution 1992/37,
accepted with gratitude the offer of the Government of Egypt to
host the Conference in Cairo from 5 to 13 September 1994.  The
report of the Conference (A/CONF.171/13 and Add.1) is available to
the Commission for its consideration.   

     The report of the Conference was considered by the General
Assembly at its forty-ninth session.  In its resolution 49/128 of
19 December 1994, the General Assembly took note of the report of
the Conference, endorsed the Programme of Action as adopted by the
Conference on 13 September 1994 and requested the Population
Commission, at its twenty-eighth session, to review, within its
area of competence, the Programme of Action and its implications
and to transmit its views to the Economic and Social Council at its
substantive session of 1995.

     In the same resolution, the General Assembly decided that the
Assembly through its role in policy formulation, the Economic and
Social Council, through its role in overall guidance and
coordination, in accordance with Assembly resolution 48/162, and a
revitalized Population Commission shall constitute a three-tiered
intergovernmental mechanism that will play the primary role in the
follow-up to the implementation of the Programme of Action, keeping
in mind the need to develop a common framework for a coherent
follow-up to United Nations summits and conferences, and to this
end:  (a) the General Assembly, being the highest intergovernmental
mechanism for the formulation and appraisal of policy on matters
relating to the follow-up to the International Conference on
Population and Development, will organize a regular review of the
implementation of the Programme of Action; (b) the Economic and
Social Council, in assisting the Assembly, will promote an
integrated approach, provide system-wide coordination and guidance
in the monitoring of the implementation of the Programme of Action
and make recommendations thereon; (c) the revitalized Population
Commission, as a functional commission assisting the Council, will
monitor, review and assess the implementation of the Programme of
Action at the national, regional and international levels and
advise the Council thereon.

     The General Assembly also decided that, in order to emphasize
the new and comprehensive approach to population and development
embodied in the Programme of Action, the revitalized Population
Commission shall be renamed the Commission on Population and
Development, which shall meet on an annual basis beginning in 1996.

It recommended that the Council review, at its substantive session
of 1995, the Commission's terms of reference and mandate so as to
bring them fully into line with the provision of operative
paragraph 23 (c) of the resolution.

     Further, the Assembly requested the Economic and Social
Council, at its substantive session of 1995, to review the
reporting procedures within the United Nations system regarding
population and development issues, including a quinquennial review
and appraisal of the progress made in achieving the goals and
objectives of the Programme of Action, in order to ensure full
support for its implementation, bearing in mind the reporting
procedures for all United Nations conferences in the economic and
social field.

     (b)  Implications of the recommendations of the International
Conference on Population and Development for the work programme on
population

     In connection with the United Nations work programme on
population, chapter 18 of the medium-term plan for the period
1992-1997, which was later revised by the Assembly at its
forty-seventh session (A/47/6/Rev.1), serves as the framework for
the formulation of the programme budgets for the biennium
1996-1997.  Further revisions to the plan would be required if it
were determined that the recommendations of the International
Conference on Population and Development, as endorsed by the
General Assembly, call for new or substantially modified
subprogrammes.  Those revisions would then be reflected in
succeeding biennial work programmes.

     In commenting on specific substantive issues dealt with in the
recommendations of the Conference, the General Assembly fully
acknowledged that the factors of population, health, education,
poverty, patterns of production and consumption, empowerment of
women, and the environment are closely interconnected and should be
considered through an integrated approach and that the follow-up to
the Conference must reflect this fact.

     To assist the Commission in its consideration of these and
other issues referred to in the recommendations of the Conference,
the Secretary-General has prepared a report that focuses on the
work of the Department for Economic and Social Information and
Policy Analysis, the population activities of which are directly
guided by the Population Commission.  Time constraints did not
permit the preparation of a fully integrated report in which due
attention could be given to all concerned units of the United
Nations system.

     Documentation

     Report of the Secretary-General on the implications of the
International  Conference on Population and Development for the
work programme on  population (E/CN.9/1995/5)

     Report of the International Conference on Population and
Development (Cairo, 5-13 September 1994) (A/CONF.171/13 and Add.1)

5.   Programme questions

     (a)  Programme performance and implementation

     On the recommendations of the Population Commission at its
twenty-seventh session, the Economic and Social Council, in
resolution 1994/2, requested the Secretary-General, inter alia, to
continue to give high priority to the monitoring of world
population trends and policies, including in-depth consideration of
special topics, and to continue to work on the biennial revisions
of estimates and projections of national, urban, rural and city
populations, including demographic indicators and age structure;
studies on the interrelationships between population and
development; studies on the interrelationship between the status
and role of women and population; comparative analysis of
population policies; analysis of mortality; studies on family
formation reproductive behaviour and family planning and also on
their demographic impact; studies to measure and understand changes
in population distribution, including internal migration,
urbanization and displaced persons; studies on levels, trends,
policies, determinants and consequences of international migration,
including refugee-related issues; dissemination of population
information and further strengthening of the Population Information
Network at the national, regional and global levels; and provision
of technical cooperation support in response to requests from
developing countries and economies in transition.

     The Council also requested the Secretary-General to continue
to work closely with Member States, organizations of the United
Nations system, other intergovernmental organizations and
non-governmental organizations, as appropriate, in the
implementation of programmes; and to further improve communication
and coordination among the Population Division of the Department
for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis of the
Secretariat, the regional commissions and Governments, particularly
in order to prepare the most accurate population estimates and
projections possible, an activity in which the Population Division
should continue to play a leading role. 

     In addition, the Council requested the Secretary-General to
give high priority to strengthening multilateral technical
cooperation programmes in the field of population, including the
utilization of technical cooperation in and among developing
countries, as necessary.

     Finally, the Council re-emphasized the importance of
maintaining the scope, effectiveness and efficiency of the global
population programme and of continuing to strengthen coordination
and collaboration among the Department for Economic and Social
Information and Policy Analysis of the Secretariat, the regional
commissions, the United Nations Population Fund, the World Bank,
and other organizations and bodies of the United Nations system in
the planning and execution of their population programmes, as well
as the need for organizations of the United Nations system to
strengthen coordination and collaboration with Member States, other
intergovernmental organizations and non-governmental and national
organizations, as appropriate.

     For its consideration of those activities, the Commission will
have before it a report on the progress of work in the field of
population since its twenty- seventh session.

     (b)  Proposed programme of work for the biennium 1996-1997

     At its forty-fifth session, the General Assembly adopted the
proposed medium-term plan for the period 1992-1997 and reaffirmed
that the plan was the principal policy directive of the United
Nations and should serve as a framework for the formulation of the
biennial programme budget (resolution 45/253).  The plan was later
revised by the Assembly at its forty-seventh session
(A/47/6/Rev.1).  The plan includes a programme on population
(programme 18) which serves as the legislative authority for the
activities under that heading.  This will again be made available
to the Commission as a background document.

     The Commission will have before it, for discussion, a note by
the Secretary-General on the proposed work programme on population
of the United Nations Secretariat in New York for the biennium
1996-1997, drawn up in accordance with the strategy described in
the programme on population of the medium-term plan for the period
1992-1997, as revised.  The proposed work programme also attempts
to take into account the Programme of Action adopted at the
International Conference on Population and Development held in
Cairo in September 1994.

     Documentation

     Report of the Secretary-General on progress of work in the
field of population, 1994-1995 (E/CN.9/1995/6)

     Note by the Secretary-General on the proposed programme of
work for the biennium 1996-1997 (E/CN.9/1995/7)

6.   Provisional agenda for the twenty-ninth session of the
Commission

     In accordance with rule 9 of the rules of procedure, the
Commission will have before it the draft provisional agenda for its
twenty-ninth session, together with an indication of the documents
to be submitted under each item and the legislative authority for
their preparation in order to enable the Commission to consider
those documents from the point of view of their contribution to the
work of the Commission and their urgency and relevance in the light
of the current situation.

     The attention of the Commission is drawn to Economic and
Social Council resolutions 1979/41 and 1981/83 on the control and
limitation of documentation and, in particular, 1982/50 on the
revitalization of the Council.  In paragraph 1 (j) of resolution
1982/50, the Council urged all its subsidiary bodies to exercise
the utmost restraint in making requests of the Secretary-General
for new reports and studies and to implement fully the decisions of
the Council and of the General Assembly with respect to the control
and limitation of documentation.

     The attention of the Commission is drawn in particular to
paragraph 4 of the annex to Council resolution 1982/50, in which it
is stated that the documentation and programme of work of the
subsidiary bodies of the Council and the Assembly should be
streamlined in order to enable them to perform effectively the
functions entrusted to them; that the Council and the Assembly
should continue to review the provisional agenda for their
subsidiary bodies, together with the list of requested
documentation, in order, inter alia, to establish greater
consistency in the overall request for documentation and its
orderly consideration at the intergovernmental level, taking fully
into account the medium-term plan and the programme budget; and
that, in doing so, the Council and the Assembly should also take
into account the need for the consolidation of items and
documentation of their subsidiary machinery. 

     Further, the Council, in resolution 1981/83, instructed its
subsidiary bodies to take urgent measures to streamline their
agenda and programmes of work and to bring about a substantial
reduction in their requests for documents, bearing in mind the
duration and cycles of their meetings, and to report to the Council
on measures adopted, taking strictly into account the guidelines
set forth in the pertinent resolutions and decisions of the Council
and the General Assembly.

     In decision 1983/163, the Council requested the
Secretary-General to bring to the attention of intergovernmental
and expert bodies, before decisions were adopted, any request for
documentation that exceeded the ability of the Secretariat to
prepare and process on time and within its approved resources; and
to draw the attention of intergovernmental bodies to areas where
duplication of documentation was likely to occur and/or where
opportunities for integrating or consolidating documents that dealt
with related or similar themes might exist, with a view to
rationalizing documentation.

     Documentation

     Draft provisional agenda for the twenty-ninth session of the
Population Commission

7.   Adoption of the report of the Commission on its twenty-eighth
session

     In accordance with rule 37 of the rules of procedure, the
Commission shall submit to the Economic and Social Council a report
on the work of each session.                       

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