United Nations Development for Social Policy
  and Development, Programme on ageing

United Nations Division for the Advancement of Women

International Institute on Ageing

              Caregiving and Older Persons - Gender Dimensions              

                           Expert Group Meeting

                   Malta, 30 Novemver - 2 December 1997                  



     With the ageing of populations, the issue of caregiving for dependent
older persons has become increasingly important.  Most older persons and
most of their caregivers are women.  However,  many policies and programmes
addressing the issue ignore the gender specific needs and interests of
women and men. 

     In March 1997, the United Nations Commission on the Status of Women
recognized the importance of analysing the situation of older persons from
a gender perspective.  The Commission decided to consider the status of
older women as an emerging issue at its 42nd session in 1998 (resolution
41/2).  The United Nations Programme on ageing of the Division for Social
Policy and Development and the Division for the Advancement of Women
organized this meeting in order to provide the Commission on the Status of
Women with a thorough analysis and suggestions for gender-sensitive
policies.  Furthermore, the results of the meeting will be used to
highlight  the importance of gender in the International Year of Older
Persons in 1999.

      The Expert Group Meeting focussed on informal caregiving for
dependent older persons, which is almost always provided by women. Informal
caregiving has become an important issue as many governments make cut-backs
in the formal support systems.  Policies that are not based on a gender
analysis of the situation tend to discriminate against women.  This Expert
Group Meeting is a first step in the international arena to explore the
issue of caregiving from a gender perspective. 

      The Meeting took place from 30 November - 2 December 1997 and was
hosted by the International Institute on Ageing in Malta. 


                                                     Paras      Page

PREFACE.........................................                  i


I.   ORGANIZATION OF WORK ......................      1- 6        1

     A.   Attendance............................       1          1
     B.   Documentation.........................       2          1
     C.   Adoption of the agenda ...............       3          1
     D.   Election of officers..................       4          1
     E.   Opening and closing of ceremony.......       5          2
     F.   Working groups .......................       6          2

II.  SUMMARY OF THE GENERAL DEBATE .............    7 - 24      2 - 4

III. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS ...........   25 - 33      5 - 9

     A.   Support policies in the workplace for caregivers 
          and care recipients ..................      26          5
     B.   Social security.......................      27        5 - 6
     C.   Care support policies through fiscal 
          measures .............................      28          6
     D.   Community-based services .............      29        6 - 7
     E.   Research .............................      30          7
     F.   Education and training ...............      31        7 - 8
     G.   Empowerment ..........................      32        8 - 9
     H.   Disease prevention and health of care 
          givers and receivers..................      33          9


I.   Papers .........................................           10 -11

II.  List of participants ...........................           12 - 14

                  I.     ORGANIZATION OF WORK

                       A.     Attendance

1.   The Meeting was attended by 11 experts, representing all geo-political
regions, and 7 observers (see annex 2 for a full list of participants and

                      B.    Documentation

2.   The Documentation of the Meeting comprised two background papers
prepared by the United Nations Division for Social Policy and Development
and by the Division for the Advancement of Women,  9 expert's papers, one
paper prepared by the International Institute on Ageing,  and two papers
from observers (see annex 1).

                 C.     Adoption of the agenda

3.   At its opening session on 30 November 1997, the Meeting adopted the
agenda as follows: 

          Opening ceremony
          Election of officers
          Adoption of agenda
          Plenary session: The Situation of Caregivers and Carerecipients
          Plenary session: Policy Approaches to Caregiving - Analysis 
                           from a Gender Perspective
          Working groups on policy recommendations
          Plenary session: discussion of recommendations
          Adoption of the report
          Closing ceremony

                  D.     Election of officers

4.        At its opening session, participants elected the following

     Chairperson:        Dr. Hana Hermanova (Czech Republic)
     Vice-Chairperson:   Dr. Tan Poo Chang (Malaysia)
     Rapporteur:         Ms. Irene Hoskins (USA)

              E.     Opening and closing ceremony

5.   The following persons made statements at the opening ceremony:

          Ms. Dorota Gierycz, Officer-in-Charge, Gender Analysis Section,
          United Nations Division for the Advancement of Women
          Ms. Rosemary Lane, Social Affairs Officer, Programme on Ageing,
          United Nations Division for Social Policy and Development
          Dr. George Hyzler, Director, the International Institute on
          The Hon. Dr. Michael Farrugia, Minister of Health, Care for the
          Elderly and Family Affairs, Malta
          Dr. Nina Hill, Director, Civic Affairs, Corporate Affairs
          Division, Pfizer Inc.

     The Meeting was closed by the Hon. Dr. Louis Buhagiar, Parliamentary
Secretary for the Elderly, Malta. 

                     F.     Working groups

6.        At the second day of the meeting, participants split into two
informal working groups to deliberate action oriented recommendations.


7.        The debate focused on how to change the traditional roles and
expectations of men and women in the workplace and home with regard to care
giving.  It recognized that womens' participation in the labour market,
occurring increasingly in all world regions, has outpaced adjustments in
perceptions, attitudes and expectations, and in the organization and
infrastructure of societies, especially with regard to caring for older

8.        This discrepancy is out of step with the fast-changing
demographic reality whereby the numbers and proportions of older persons
are increasing in both industrialized and developing countries, with this
increase occurring at an even faster rate in developing countries.  It is
estimated that by the year 2025, over 70 percent of the world's older
population will be living in developing countries.  Moreover, since women
live longer than men, women make up the majority of older persons all over
the world.

9.        While the vast majority of older persons continue to be a vital
resource for their families and communities and lead healthy and productive
lives, the risk of dependency grows with increasing age.

10.       Within the older population age 60 and above, older persons aged
80 and over are the fastest growing group in the world, with women
generally surviving to older ages than men. Indeed, among people over age
75, almost two-thirds are women. Considering that persons in the age 80 and
older group may be most often in need of support and care, the rapid
increase in the world's very old obviously has implications for policies
intended to assist family caregivers, the majority of whom are also women.

11.       Further, traditional support systems of older persons are
severely challenged today.  Due to demographic development, including
falling birth rates, the ratio between older persons and available younger
family caregivers is declining.  In addition, many developing countries are
experiencing rural/urban migration, urbanization and industrialization,
which often result in an erosion of traditional family support patterns.

12.       At the same time, faced with increased spending for public
pensions and health care due to population ageing, many industrialized
countries are searching for cost-saving measures and have already made or
contemplate cut-backs in their public welfare systems.  One of the
prevailing  trends is to shift responsibilities from public support
policies back to the families, which means mostly to women.

13.       The Expert Group Meeting affirmed that it remains the
responsibility of governments to design policies and programmes to provide
care for dependent older persons and to support those who provide such
care.  Such public policy should build supportive environments, reduce
inequities, and enhance coping and control through a care giving mix which
involves government programmes, and civil society such as NGOs, religious
organizations and community.  Most importantly, cost savings should not be
undertaken to the detriment of dependent older persons or the caregivers on
whom they depend.

14.       The Meeting also noted that, according to the latest Review and
Appraisal of the International Plan of Action on Ageing of January 1997
carried out by the United Nations every four years, a continuing trend has
been noted that governments and many (but not all) older persons themselves
often tend to prefer care by the family, whether in their own homes, with
assistance from family members, or in the home of kin.

15.       Participants recognized the very different care giving systems in
industrialized and developing countries.  It was noted that in developing
countries, the older population growth had not yet reached its peak, and
therefore, now was an opportune time to develop innovative care giving
policies which are more gender-sensitive and which provide a range of
benefits and good quality services.  In developing countries, informal
familial and community systems prevailed, and were, in some places, 
exclusively the concern of women.  In fact, in some countries, men could
lose prestige by caring for dependent relatives.

16.       Therefore, caregiving needs to be restructured by removing gender
biases and adding value and recognition to caring.  Caregiving also needs
to be structured as a multi-generational enterprise, with life-span stages
which recognizes the assistance that children, youth, adults and older
persons can give each other in the creation and maintenance of a caring
society, which takes into account that everyone can become a caregiver and
care recipient.  This would ensure the preservation of the social capital
which is so important to the well being and functioning of society.

17.       Parallel with the ageing of populations, women are entering the
labour force in growing numbers worldwide - both by choice and by
necessity.  The interaction of the ageing of populations, differential
longevity for women and men, and women's increased labour force
participation will inevitably lead to conflicting demands and increased
stress placed on women. 

18.       Expectations of the tasks of women at mid-life, in particular,
are often unsustainable - with double and triple burdens of child care,
elder care and personal career occurring simultaneously.  These
expectations combined with historical and cultural factors, as well as the
process of the differential socialization of boys and girls, promote
women's low status and low self-esteem.  Women therefore, themselves often
add to already difficult situations because they may be reluctant to ask
for support or redistribute household responsibilities more equally among
other members of  the family.

19.       The concept of active ageing to promote positive self-perception
among older persons and a positive attitude to older persons by the general
population is a popular philosophy.  An emphasis on  active and healthy
ageing perpetuates a sense of well-being that promotes physical and mental
health.  Thus, active ageing was seen as an important concept in the
prevention and delay of the onset of disability.  At the same time, Working
Group participants expressed some concern that this attitude, while
beneficial, should be counterbalanced with the recognition that dependence
may increase eventually,  particularly for the very old.

20.       The Expert Group considered it essential to analyse the situation
and formulate policy recommendations from a gender perspective taking into
account differences in the socially constructed roles of women and men,
their different needs and interests, both as caregivers and as recipients
of care.

21.       When analysing the situation of older persons from a
gender-perspective, it becomes obvious that women are at a disadvantage in
many ways: Older women are more likely to lack family support than men,
they are more vulnerable to poverty than men, and they face a higher risk
of being ill or disabled.  However, based on their experience and wisdom
older women are also a resource for the well being of their families and
communities as leaders and decision-makers as well as for providing care to
both younger and older family members.

22.       The Expert Group further considered that while older persons
enjoy both rights and responsibilities, the rights of the (mostly female)
carers of dependent older persons are often unrecognized and neglected.  It
therefore considered it essential to balance the rights of the dependent
older person and his/her caregivers in a fair and equitable manner. 
Independent older persons should not be excluded from care giving. 

23.       The Expert Group Meeting considered a variety of policies which
provide choices between a range of benefits and services, such as day care,
domiciliary care and, where feasible and desirable, direct cash payments to
dependent elders to pay for care.  The question of whether cash benefits
devalue family care provoked differing views among the participants.  Many
developing countries and countries in transition lack the resources to
implement such policies, but have, nevertheless, to  rethink current
systems of health and social service delivery.

24.       Participants recognized that the Meeting was a first exploration
of the issue that needed to lead to a more focused and comprehensive
examination in which gender, geographic and sectoral aspects of care giving
for dependent older persons are analysed from an intergenerational,
inter-cultural and interdependent perspective.  Such an examination should
lead policy makers towards a plan of action in which all sectors of society
will be sensitized toward a new philosophy of care, in which men and women
are partners in designing and actively implementing policies for care
giving within the family, as well as other institutions.


25.       The Expert Group Meeting formulated policy recommendations in the
following general areas: Support policies in the workplace for care givers
and care recipients; Social security; Carer support policies through fiscal
measures; Community-based services; Research; Education and training;
Empowerment; Disease prevention and health care of care givers and

A.     Support policies in the workplace for care givers and care

26.       The workplace was recognized a critical site in providing
assistance to employees who are also care givers.   It was, therefore,
recommended that through employment and personnel policies, governments,
NGOs,  and in particular the private sector (employers), should assist care
givers in their efforts to care for family members.   Family friendly and
gender-sensitive workplace policies aimed at reconciling work and care
giving for both men and women carers should include:

     -    improving pay scales in the caring professions (nurses, etc.) as
a clear signal regarding the true value of care giving to society;

     -    expanding parental leave to family leave in order to include care
for other dependent family members;

     -    enacting policies for equal pay for work of equal value between
men and women;

     -    establishing flexible work arrangements;

     -    providing workplace care services for older persons;

     -    providing workplace stress management training for care givers;

     -    enacting policies to reintegrate the carers of older persons into
the workforce after a career break;

     -    establishing personal leave policies, (preferably with benefits,
such as medical and pension coverage).

     -    urging governments to ratify and implement ILO Convention 156,
and Recommendation 165, on Workers with Family Responsibilities. 

                     B.     Social security

27.       The Expert Group Meeting highlighted the importance of social
security as a basic form of income security for both care givers and care
recipients.  It is recommended that governments adopt the following

     -    awarding social security credits to carers for periods devoted to
care giving ;

     -    providing equal access to social security and pension systems for
women and men;

     -    redressing past pay inequalities to enable women to have access
to social security and pension benefits irrespective of their former labour
market position;

     -    where appropriate, providing alternatives to formal social
security systems, including, the promotion of income generating projects to
assist older persons to remain self-sufficient;

     -    providing care givers with options with respect to work and
retirement such as flexible, phased and partial retirement programmes.

     C.     Carer support policies through fiscal measures

28.       The Expert Group Meeting noted that many governments provide
assistance to care givers through fiscal policies - and in particular
through tax credits. However, in many cases, "dependents" are only
recognized to be children.  Therefore, the Meeting recommended that
governments should:

     -    expand tax deductions for carers by expanding the dependent
category from child care to "dependent care", which would include care for
the dependent elderly. 

                D.     Community-based services

29.       The Meeting noted that the level and quality of community-based
services are particularly important in supporting care givers and
recipients, and thus allowing older persons to remain in their own homes.  
The Expert Group Meeting recommended that governments, local authorities
and NGOs should:

     -    examine all services to eliminate gender-biases and gender
stereotyping  (for example, setting different standards of qualification
for services between male and female care givers);

     -    include in all programmes and policies the vital aspects of care:
physical, psychological, cultural and economical;

     -    provide good quality and gender-sensitive services for dependent
older persons as a continuum, from in-home household help to visiting
nurses and day care to institutional care;

     -    provide adequate and gender-sensitive services for the care
giver, including housekeeping help, respite care, self-help groups, care
giving instruction, and specialised counselling.;

     -    ensure that gender-sensitive services reach ethnic minorities,
particularly ethnic women;

     -    offer a choice to older persons for care, either in their own
home, in the home of  a relative or friend, or if necessary and desirable,
in an institution.

     -    provide support systems which enable families to continue being
care providers for dependent older persons.  This may take the form of
local, intergenerational community support centres which cater to the needs
of both young and old (educational, social, recreational, economic, health

     -    target and publicize available care services more specifically to
reach care givers who are also in paid employment.

     -    provide payments and benefits in cash and/or in-kind to either
care givers or receivers in order to ensure choice of services by either

                        E.     Research

30.       As in any policy area, data is vital to successful policy
applications. In the case of women and care givers, it was noted that there
is often a lack of useful and detailed data. Therefore, in order to better
identify and assist care givers, the Meeting recommended that national and
international statistical and research institutions, as appropriate,

     -    collect gender-specific data regarding employment in both the
formal and informal sector, income distribution, participation in
decision-making, life expectancy and morbidity, as well as psycho-social

     -    carry out research to identify the gender differences in care
giving and care receiving, and its differential impact on women and men;

     -    conduct research on the value of unpaid care giving work in
accordance with the goals and principles stated in the Platform for Action
adopted at the Beijing Conference on Women, and reviewing concepts such as
productivity and economic activity;

     -    conduct cross-cultural and inter-disciplinary research about
holistic care (physical, psychological, cultural and economic) and holistic
prevention strategies taking into account the life-span perspective;

                 F.     Education and training
31.       The Experts recognized that healthy intergenerational and gender
relations are a prerequisite for sustainable human development.  Therefore,
they recommended that governments, intergovernmental and non-governmental
organizations, including educational institutions and mass media, should:

     -    sensitize young people to intergenerational values;

     -    build-up and/or support local, regional, national and
international networks of older persons in pursuit of  the  goals of
education, training, work and companionship;

     -    facilitate opportunities for gender-sensitive education, work and
leisure throughout the entire life span with special attention to mid-life
so as to enable individuals to realise their full potential in later years;

     -    organize and/or support training and retraining to involve older
persons in the mainstream of society through education, skill development
and the introduction to modern and traditional technologies, with special
emphasis on enabling women to undertake non traditional work, and men to
undertake  care giving;

     -    provide public education aimed at awareness raising regarding
care giving, its importance to society, and the contribution of women in
this area;

     -    support organizations that function at the grassroots community
levels and their activities related to education, awareness raising and
organization of self-help, focussed on older citizens, their
gender-specific needs and contributions to society.  The infrastructure of
existing groups could be the vehicle for educational programmes;

     -    offer gender sensitive carer training to formal and informal care

                       G.     Empowerment

32.       The Meeting stressed that the achievement of equality between
women and men in all spheres of life, including sharing responsibilities in
caring for dependent individuals,  is critical not only for their enjoyment
of human rights, but also for their well-being and sustainable development
of society.  Therefore, jointly with civil society, governments should:

     -    enact legislation which ensures that women and men enjoy equal
rights and opportunities           throughout the life course, including
periods of dependency and care giving;

     -    ensure the participation of older persons and their carers in
society by promoting autonomy and

     -    ensure that the rights and needs of care givers are more
explicitly recognized and addressed, including those to pursue a career, as
well as to receive  adequate rest and leisure;

     -    sustain gender equality by sharing responsibilities and
opportunities in the various social, political and economic structures of
society. Empowerment of women should start as early as possible, including 
through education;

     -    ensure that governmental and non-governmental organizations, as
well as the private sector continue to enable older citizens to participate
creatively in the home, society and the economy;

     -    empower older persons who need care, in cooperation with civil
society,  by ensuring that older dependent persons have access to gender
and culture sensitive services that respect their own choices;

     -    ensure that policy makers, service providers and researchers take
into consideration the voice of  both older persons and their family care
givers in designing care-related policies and projects.

H.     Disease prevention and health of care givers and receivers

33.       The Meeting noted that ageing is a life-long process.  The
disadvantages older women face are rooted in the discrimination they
suffered earlier.  The health of older women requires specific attention to
factors such as prevention and alleviation of chronic disabling diseases. 
Care giving can have a negative impact upon the emotional and physical
well-being of care givers since care giving can be of several years
duration, demand many hours per day, and involve considerable physical and
emotional strain. It also noted the importance of responsive and adequate
policies, legislation and services to protect the health of care givers and
receivers.  Ultimately, this would be a more cost-effective approach for
governments. Therefore, the Meeting recommended that:

     -    to prevent poverty and illness in old age, girls, young and
middle-aged women need equal access to education, income, health care and
nutrition.  The Beijing Platform for Action provides concrete goals and
strategies to achieve women's equality in these areas, which should be
implemented by governments, international organizations and NGOs;

     -    gender-specific health promotion strategies should be developed
by governments and civil society to ensure that the years added to life are
disability-free years.  Health promotion strategies should include: better
nutrition, health checks, exercise programmes and information on healthier

     -    the health of older women, as (both care givers and care
receivers, should receive  more attention in preventing, postponing, and
alleviating both acute and chronic health problems;

     -    care giving households should receive more community-based health
care, including rehabilitation treatment, especially since older women and
men are being discharged from hospital quicker and sicker;

     -    the living environment of dependent older women and men should be
improved in order to support activities of daily living and care in the

                           ANNEX   1



EGM/COP/1977/EP.1     Ms. Marie-Jo Guisset
  -  Caregiving and Older Persons: Gender Dimensions 

EGM/COP/1997/EP.2     Dr. Kathleen Hall
  -  Caring for the Elderly. The Family and Policy Perspectives in Study
Sites of the Indiana University Comparative Epidemiological Studies Group

EGM/COP/1997/EP.3     Ms. Lilian Mapati
  -  Caregiving for Older Persons: Gender Dimensions

EGM/COP/1997/EP.4     Dr. Tan Poo Chang
  -  Caregiving in Asia: The Need for Community Support

EGM/COP/1997/EP.5     Dr. Elisa Dulcey-Ruiz
  -  Caregiving for Older Persons: Gender Dimensions

EGM/COP/1997/EP.6     Dr. Judith Healy
  -  Is Community Care in the UK "Family Friendly"?

EGM/COP/1997/EP.7     Dr. Hana Hermanova
  -  Caregiving and Older Persons; Gender Perspectives with Main Focus on
Older Women's Health

EGM/COP/1997/EP.8     Dr. Ella Libanova
  -  The Demographic Crisis and Social and Economic Problems of Ukrainian

EGM/COP/1997/EP.9     Ms. Irene Hoskins
  -  Gender Equality and Elder Care: International Instruments and
Perspectives for NGO Advocacy

United Nations Secretariat

EGM/COP/1997/BP.1     United Nations Division for the Advancement of Women
  -  Older Women and Support Systems: New Challenges

EGM/COP/1997/BP.2     United Nations Programme on Ageing
  -  Background Paper

International Institute on Ageing, Malta

EGM/COP/1997/EP.10    Dr. James Calleja and Dr. Maja Miljanic Brinkworth
  -  A Gender Perspective on Ageing. Eight Propositions for the 21st

                            ANNEX  2

                       List of Participants


Ms. Marie-Jo Guisset (France)
Fondation de France
40, avenue Hoche
75008 Paris, France

Dr. Kathleen S. Hall (USA)
Assistant Professor of Psychiatry
Department of Psychiatry
Indiana University
541 Clinical Drive, Suite 395
Indianapolis, IN 46202-5111

Dr. Judith M. Healy (Australia)
Programme Director
Policy Studies Institute
100 Park Village East
London, NW1 3SR, United Kingdom

Dr. Hana Hermanova (Czech Republic)
Center on Aging
West Virginia University
Robert C. Byrd Health Sciences Center
3408 Health Sciences South
PO Box 9123
Morgantown, WV 26506-9123

Ms. Irene Hoskins (USA)
American Association of Retired Persons
Representative to the United Nations at Geneva
20, Chemin de Valerie
1292 Chambesy, Switzerland

Dr. Ella Libanova (Ukraine)
Council of Productive Forces Study
National Academy of Sciences
blvd. Strevichenko 60
Kiev, Ukraine 252032

Ms. Lilian Mapati (Zimbabwe)
Training Officer
HelpAge Zimbabwe
PO Box CY 2032
Harare, Zimbabwe

Professor Tan Poo Chang (Malaysia)
Associate Professor
Faculty of Economics and Administration
University of Malaya
50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Dr. Elisa Dulcey-Ruiz (Colombia)
Directora del Centro de Psicologi'a
Calle 62 No 3-58
Apartado 52366
Santafe' de Bogota', D.C. Colombia

Observers from Governments

Ms. Jane Spiteri
Holy See
Aposlic Nunzjatore
Cor Gesu' Tal-Virtu
Rabat, Malta

Observers from Non-governmental

Ms. Helen Borg Bonnici
Vice Chairman/Co-Coordinator 
University of the Third Age
31, St. Christopher Street
Valletta, Malta

Ms. Lina Bugeja
National Council for the Elderly
76 Capuchins Street
Floriana, Malta

Dr. Francis Cachia
Flat 4, Block B Perry Courts
Birkirkara Road
St Julians, SLM 13, Malta

Ms. Gilda Estipona
Student of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Chantilly Court
University Street
Msida, Malta

Mr. Marvin Formosa
Senior Technical Officer
International Institute on Ageing
117, St. Paul Street
Valletta, Malta

Ms. Lily Gauci
International Confederation of Christian Family
Parish Street
Melieha, Malta SPB14

Ms. Amanda Heslop
Training and Research Officer
HelpAge International
67-74 Saffron Hill
London EC1N 8QX, United Kingdom

Ms. Marie Lautier
Action Committee on Elder Abuse

Ms. Josephine Mahoney
PRO, National Council for the Elderly
76 Capuchins Street
Floriana, Malta

Mr. German Montevilla
Student in Gerontology and Geriatrics
Chantilly Court
University Street
Msidad, Malta

Dr. Leyla Pappalettera
Soroptimist International
80 Triq Matty Grima
Bormla CSP 09, Malta

Ms. Joyce Pullicino
President General
Catholic Action
Catholic Institute
Floriana, Malta

Ms. Maria Ruggier
University of the Third Age

Mr. Ricardo Sandoval
Student in Gerontology and Geriatrics
Chantilly Court
University Street
Msida, Malta

Dr. Mercedes Schembri Wismayer
National Council of Women
25 St. Andrew's Street
Valletta, Malta

United Nations Secretariat

Ms. Brigid Donelan
Social Affairs Officer
Programme on ageing
Division for Social Policy and Development
Department for Economic and Social Affairs
Room DC2-1330
New York, NY 10017

Ms. Dorota Gierycz
Gender Analysis Section
Division for the Advancement of Women
Department of Economic and Social Affairs
Room DC2-1230
New York, NY 10017

Ms. Christina Janssen
Associate Expert
Division for the Advancement of Women
Gender Analysis Section
Department for Economic and Social Affairs
Room DC2-1208
New York, NY 10017

Ms. Rosemary Lane
Associate Social Affairs Officer
Programme on ageing
Division for Social Policy and Development
Department for Economic and Social Affairs
Room DC2-1340
New York, NY 10017

International Institute on Ageing, Malta

Dr. James Calleja
Principal Technical Officer
International Institute on Ageing
117, St. Paul Street
Valletta VLT 07, Malta

Ms. Maja Brinkworth Miljanic
Central Office of Statistics
Auberge D'Italie
Merchants Street
Valletta, Malta

Representative of Corporate Sponsors

Dr. Nina M. Hill
Director, Civic Affairs
Corporate Affairs Division
Pfizer Inc.
235 East 42nd Street
New York, NY 10017-5755



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Date last updated: 06 December 1999 by DESA/DAW
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