United Nations

E/1997/27 CSW


Commission on the Status of Women

 Distr. GENERAL



E/1997/27 CSW - Report of the forty-first session

                        2.  Resolutions and decisions

5.   The following resolutions and decisions adopted by the Commission are
brought to the attention of the Council:


         Resolution 41/1.  Release of women and children taken hostage in
                           armed conflicts, including those subsequently
                           imprisoned*

     The Commission on the Status of Women,

     Recalling its resolutions 39/2 of 31 March 1995 and 40/1 of 22 March
1996,

     Recalling the relevant provisions contained in the instruments of
international humanitarian law relative to the protection of women and
children in areas of armed conflict,

     Welcoming the adoption of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for
Action by the Fourth World Conference on Women,17/ including the
provisions regarding violence against women and children,

     Expressing grave concern at the continuation of armed conflicts in
many regions throughout the world and the human suffering and humanitarian
emergencies they have caused,

     Emphasizing that all forms of violence committed against the civilian
population, including women and children in areas of armed conflict,
including capturing them as hostages, seriously contravene international
humanitarian law, in particular the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949
for the protection of victims of war,

     Expressing its strong belief that the rapid and unconditional release
of women and children taken hostage in areas of armed conflict will promote
the implementation of the noble goals enshrined in the Beijing Declaration
and Platform for Action,

     1.   Condemns violent acts in contravention of international
humanitarian law against civilian women and children in areas of armed
conflict, and calls for an effective response to such acts, including the
immediate release of such women and children taken hostage, including those
subsequently imprisoned, in armed conflict;

     2.   Strongly urges all parties to armed conflicts to respect fully
the norms of international humanitarian law in armed conflict and to take
all necessary measures for the protection of these women and children, as
well as for their immediate release;

     3.   Urges all parties to conflicts to provide unimpeded access to
specialized humanitarian assistance for these women and children;

     4.   Requests the Secretary-General, and all relevant international
organizations to use their capabilities and efforts to facilitate the
release of these women and children;

     5.   Requests the Secretary-General to prepare, taking into account
the information provided by States and relevant international
organizations, a report on the implementation of the present resolution,
for submission to the Commission on the Status of Women at its forty-second
session.


        Resolution 41/2.  Older women, human rights and development*

     The Commission on the Status of Women,

     Recalling its resolution 36/4 of 20 March 1992, in which it emphasized
the need to adopt an approach for the advancement of women that takes into
account all stages of life, so as to identify measures that respond to
women's needs,18/

     Recalling also General Assembly resolution 49/162 of 23 December 1994,
in which the Assembly called attention to the fact that the United Nations
had estimated that there were 208 million women aged 60 and above in 1985,
of which about half lived in the developed world and half in the developing
world, and that by the year 2025 that number had been projected to increase
to 604 million elderly women for the world as a whole, of which nearly
70 per cent would be living in the developing countries,

     Recalling further General Assembly resolution 40/30 of
29 November 1985, in which it was emphasized that the elderly must be
considered an important and necessary element in the development process at
all levels within a given society,

     Aware that age segregation, in addition to sex stereotyping, makes the
social and economic problems of older women even more acute and that they
are often viewed as beneficiaries only and not as contributors to
development,

     Calling attention to the urgent need to develop methodologies to
improve the collection of disaggregated statistics by gender and age and to
identify and evaluate the different forms of activities of older women that
are not normally recognized as having an economic value, in particular
their activities in the informal sector and as caregivers,

     Recognizing the importance of increasing options and opportunities for
older women's economic and social development, particularly in developing
countries,

     Taking into consideration the fact that the United Nations has
proclaimed 1999 as the International Year of Older Persons,19/

     Also taking into consideration the Secretary-General's report on the
fourth review and appraisal of the International Plan of Action on
Ageing,20/

     1.   Invites the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination
against Women to pay particular attention to discrimination on grounds of
age when evaluating national reports on the implementation of the
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against
Women;21/

     2.   Decides to ensure that the contributions and needs of women of
all ages, including those of older women, are taken into account when
monitoring the mainstreaming of a gender perspective in all policies and
programmes within the United Nations system;

     3.   Recommends that the preparations for the International Year of
Older Persons include a gender perspective;

     4.   Invites the Statistics Division of the United Nations, in
cooperation with the International Research and Training Institute for the
Advancement of Women, to expand the conceptual analysis and undertake a
follow-up study on their pioneering work on methods of compiling and
analysing statistics on older women that would provide specific techniques
to improve the use of available data;

     5.   Also invites the Institute to develop analytical tools and
methodologies for identifying options and mechanisms for evaluating and
fully recognizing the role of older women as important members of the
social, economic, political and cultural spheres and for identifying the
barriers to the participation of older women in those spheres;

     6.   Further invites the United Nations Development Fund for Women to
assist developing countries in increasing options and opportunities for
older women's economic and social development by providing technical and
financial assistance for incorporating older women's dimension into
development at all levels;

     7.   Reiterates the request made to the Division for the Advancement
of Women by the Commission in its resolution 36/4 to establish, in
cooperation with non-governmental organizations, model profiles of the
current situation of older women that will permit all countries, whatever
their level of development, to make the necessary projections;

     8.   Decides that at its forty-second session, under an agenda item
entitled "Emerging issues, trends and new approaches to issues affecting
the situation of women or equality between women and men", it will consider
the status of older women and make substantive recommendations thereon;

     9.   Also decides that at its forty-second session, in examining the
critical area of concern "Human rights of women", it will also pay
attention to the violation of older women's rights;

     10.  Requests the Secretary-General to report to the Commission at its
forty-third session on the key global issues regarding the differential
impact of population ageing on men and women as a contribution to the
International Year of Older Persons.


         Resolution 41/3.  Elaboration of a draft optional protocol to the
                           Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of
                           Discrimination against Women*

     The Commission on the Status of Women,

     Recalling Economic and Social Council resolution 1995/29 of 24 July
1995 and Commission resolution 40/8 of 22 March 1996,

     Noting the progress achieved by the Open-ended Working Group on the
Elaboration of a Draft Optional Protocol to the Convention on the
Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women,

     1.   Takes note of the reports of the Secretary-General containing a
comparative summary of existing communications and inquiry procedures and
practices under international human rights instruments and under the
Charter of the United Nations22/ and additional views of Governments,
intergovernmental organizations and non-governmental organizations on an
optional protocol to the Convention,23/ which were before the Working
Group;

     2.   Commends the representative of the Committee on the Elimination
of Discrimination against Women on her contribution to the work of the
Working Group as a resource person;

     3.   Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the Commission on the
Status of Women at its forty-second session a report containing an
annotated comparison of the draft optional protocol and the proposed
amendments thereto with the provisions of existing international human
rights instruments, taking into account the report of the Working Group to
the Commission at its forty-first session;24/

     4.   Recommends that the Economic and Social Council adopt the draft
decision entitled "Renewal of the mandate of the Open-ended Working Group
on the Elaboration of a Draft Optional Protocol to the Convention on the
Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women".25/


          Resolution 41/4.  Violence against women migrant workers*

     The Commission on the Status of Women,

     Bearing in mind the Charter of the United Nations, which reaffirms
faith in human rights and fundamental freedoms, in the dignity and worth of
the human person, and in the equal rights of women and men,

     Reaffirming the principles set forth in the Universal Declaration of
Human Rights26/ and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of
Discrimination against Women,27/

     Recalling General Assembly resolutions 47/96 of 16 December 1992,
48/110 of 20 December 1993, 49/165 of 23 December 1994, 50/168 of 22
December 1995 and 51/65 of 12 December 1996 and Commission on the Status of
Women resolutions 38/7 of 18 March 1994,28/ 39/7 of 31 March 199529/
and 40/6 of 22 March 1996,30/ as well as the Declaration on the
Elimination of Violence against Women adopted by the General Assembly at
its forty-eighth session,31/ and general recommendation 19 on violence
against women of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against
Women,

     Recalling also the conclusions and recommendations of recent
international conferences, including the World Conference on Human Rights,
held at Vienna in June 1993, the International Conference on Population and
Development, held at Cairo in September 1994, the World Summit for Social
Development, held at Copenhagen in March 1995, and the Fourth World
Conference on Women, held at Beijing in September 1995, on the promotion
and protection of the rights and fundamental freedoms of women, including
women migrant workers,

     Acknowledging the valuable contribution made by Governments and
concerned intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations to the
promotion and protection of the enjoyment by women migrant workers of their
human rights and fundamental freedoms,
     Noting the large numbers of women from developing countries and from
some countries with economies in transition who continue to venture forth
to more affluent countries in search of a living for themselves and their
families as a consequence of poverty, unemployment and other socio-economic
conditions,

     Recognizing that it is the duty of sending countries to protect and
promote the interests of their citizens who seek to receive employment in
other countries, to provide them with appropriate training and education
and to apprise them of their rights and obligations in the countries of
employment,

     Aware of the moral obligation of receiving or host countries to ensure
the human rights and fundamental freedoms of all persons within their
boundaries, including women migrant workers, who are doubly vulnerable
because of their gender and their being foreigners,

     Noting the measures adopted by some receiving States to alleviate the
plight of women migrant workers residing within their areas of
jurisdiction,

     Noting with concern, however, the continuing reports of grave abuses
and acts of violence in all its forms, committed against women migrant
workers by some of their employers in some host countries,

     Stressing that acts of violence directed against women impair or
nullify women's enjoyment of their human rights and fundamental freedoms,

     Recalling section IV of Economic and Social Council resolution 1996/6
of 22 July 1996, in which the Council decided that the Commission, as part
of its work programme for 1998, should consider the issues of women's human
rights, violence against women, women and armed conflict and the girl
child, in line with the implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action,

     1.   Notes the convening of the United Nations expert group meeting on
violence against women migrant workers, which was held at Manila from 27 to
31 May 1996;

     2.   Encourages member States to consider signing and ratifying or
acceding to the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of
All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families;32/

     3.   Requests the Secretary-General to take into account and to
reflect in his thematic report to the Commission on the Status of Women at
its forty-second session the various major findings and recommendations
from all reports of the Secretary-General submitted to the General Assembly
on the issue of violence against women migrant workers, in order for the
Commission to make recommendations on the issue;

     4.   Decides to remain seized of this matter.




                Resolution 41/5.  Traffic in women and girls*

     The Commission on the Status of Women,

     Reaffirming its faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and
worth of the human person and in the equal rights of men and women,
enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations, as well as the principles
set forth in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights,26/26/ the Convention
on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women,27/27/ the
International Covenants on Human Rights,33/ the Convention against
Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment,34/
the Convention on the Rights of the Child35/ and the Declaration on the
Elimination of Violence against Women,31/31/ 

     Recalling the Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons
and the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others,36/

     Recalling also its resolution 40/4 of 22 March 1996,30/30/ General
Assembly resolution 51/66 of 12 December 1996 and Commission on Human
Rights resolution 1996/24 of 19 April 1996,37/ as well as all previous
resolutions adopted by these three bodies on the subject of the traffic in
women and girls,

     Recalling further, and concurring with the conclusions and
recommendations of recent international conferences, including the World
Conference on Human Rights, held in Vienna in 1993, the World Summit for
Social Development, held in Copenhagen in 1994, the International
Conference on Population and Development, held in Cairo in 1994, and the
Fourth World Conference on Women, held in Beijing in 1995, on the human
rights of women and girl children, in particular with respect to the
violation of those rights for the profit of recruiters, traffickers and
crime syndicates, as well as other illegal activities related to
trafficking, such as forced domestic labour, false marriages, child
marriages, clandestine employment and false adoption,

     Recalling the Programme of Action of the International Conference on
Population and Development,38/ which, inter alia, called upon Governments
of both receiving countries and countries of origin to adopt effective
sanctions against those who organize undocumented migration, exploit
undocumented migrants or engage in trafficking in undocumented migrants,
especially those who engage in any form of international traffic in women,
youth and children, and called for Governments of countries of origin,
where the activities of agents or other intermediaries in the migration
process are legal, to regulate such activities in order to prevent abuses,
especially exploitation, prostitution and coercive adoption,

     Recognizing the link between trafficking in women and girl children
and some forms of sexual exploitation, including sex tourism, pornography,
bride markers and prostitution,

     Convinced of the need to eliminate all forms of sexual violence and
sexual trafficking, including for prostitution and other forms of
commercial sex, which are violations of the human rights of women and girl
children,

     Acknowledging that the problem of trafficking also victimizes young
boys,

     Welcoming the convening of the World Congress against Commercial
Sexual Exploitation of Children, which was held at Stockholm from 27 to
31 August 1996,39/ and other conferences on trafficking in women and
children for sexual exploitation,

     Noting with satisfaction the commemoration of the International Day
for the Abolition of Slavery on 6 December 1996 with a plenary meeting of
the General Assembly devoted to the discussion of the problem of
trafficking in human persons, in which a victim of trafficking
participated,

     Realizing the urgent need for the adoption of effective measures at
the national, regional and international levels to protect women and girl
children from this nefarious traffic,

     1.   Expresses serious concern about the unabating traffic in women
and girl children;

     2.   Calls for the acceleration of the implementation of the Platform
for Action of the Fourth World Conference on Women40/ by Governments of
countries of origin, transit and destination and regional and international
organizations as appropriate by:

     (a)  Considering the ratification and enforcement of international
conventions on trafficking in persons and on slavery;

     (b)  Taking appropriate measures to address the root factors,
including external forces, that encourage trafficking in women and girls
for prostitution and other forms of commercialized sex, forced marriages
and forced labour in order to eliminate trafficking in women, including by
strengthening existing legislation with a view to providing better
protection of the rights of women and girls and to punishing the
perpetrators through both criminal and civil measures;

     (c)  Stepping up cooperation and concerted action by all relevant law
enforcement authorities and institutions with a view to dismantling
national, regional and international networks in trafficking;

     (d)  Allocating resources to provide comprehensive programmes designed
to heal and rehabilitate into society victims of trafficking, including
through job training and the provisions of legal assistance and
confidential health care, as well as by taking measures to cooperate with
non-governmental organizations to provide for the social, medical and
psychological care of the victims of trafficking;

     (e)  Developing educational and training programmes and policies and
considering enacting legislation aimed at preventing sex tourism and
trafficking, and all forms of sexual exploitation, giving special emphasis
to the protection of young women and children;

     3.   Calls upon all Governments to criminalize trafficking in women
and girls in all its forms and to condemn and penalize all those offenders
involved, including intermediaries, whether their offence was committed in
their own or in a foreign country, while ensuring that the victims of these
practices are not penalized, and to penalize persons in authority found
guilty of sexually assaulting victims of trafficking in their custody;

     4.   Encourages Governments, relevant organizations and bodies of the
United Nations system, intergovernmental organizations and non-governmental
organizations to cooperate with one another to facilitate the development
of anti-trafficking measures, to collect and share information and to
promote a wider public awareness of the problem;

     5.   Notes the need to raise awareness of the important role of the
media, including new forms of information technology, in informing and
educating people about the causes and effects of violence against women and
in stimulating public debate on the topic;

     6.   Calls upon all Governments to take appropriate measures to
prevent misuse and exploitation by traffickers of such economic activities
as the development of tourism and the export of labour;

     7.   Encourages the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human
Rights on violence against women and the Special Rapporteur of the
Commission on Human Rights on the sale of children, child prostitution and
child pornography, as well as the Working Group on Contemporary Forms of
Slavery of the Subcommission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection
of Minorities, to continue to pay special attention to the problem of
trafficking in women and girl children, and to make available their reports
thereon to the Commission on the Status of Women at its forty-second
session;

     8.   Encourages the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal
Justice to continue to consider the problem of trafficking in human persons
in the context of its discussions on the question of organized
transnational crime;

     9.   Welcomes the proposal contained in General Assembly resolution
51/120 of 12 December 1996 for the elaboration of an international
convention against organized transnational crime;

     10.  Supports the work of the working group of the Commission on Human
Rights on the elaboration of a draft optional protocol to the Convention on
the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and
child pornography, and expresses the hope that the working group will make
further progress prior to the fifty-fourth session of the Commission with a
view to finalizing this work;

     11.  Welcomes the holding of national, regional and international
meetings on trafficking in order to propose measures to eradicate the
traffic in women and girls;

     12.  Decides to remain seized of this matter and to examine, at its
forty-second session, the reports of the Special Rapporteurs and relevant
organizations and bodies, with a view to making appropriate recommendations
to the General Assembly at its fifty-third session, through the Economic
and Social Council at its substantive session of 1998.


              Resolution 41/6.  Mainstreaming gender perspective into
                                all policies and programmes in the
                                United Nations system*

     The Commission on the Status of Women,

     Recalling the commitment made in the Beijing Platform for Action40/40/
to achieve equality between women and men,

     Recalling General Assembly resolution 50/203 of 22 December 1995 and
51/162 of 12 December 1996, 

     Recalling Economic and Social Council resolution 1996/6 of 22 July
1996, in which it was decided that the Commission on the Status of Women
would have a catalytic role in mainstreaming a gender perspective in
policies and programmes and would identify issues where United Nations
system-wide coordination needed to be improved in order to assist the
Council in its coordination function,

     Emphasizing the need for full implementation of the system-wide
medium-term plan for the advancement of women, 1996-2001,

     Having considered the question of mainstreaming in organizations of
the United Nations system and the statement in the report of the Secretary-
General that comments from the Commission on the Status of Women on
mainstreaming would provide valuable input into the preparation of the
report requested for the Economic and Social Council at its coordination
segment in 1997,41/

     1.   Reaffirms that the primary goal of mainstreaming a gender
perspective is the achievement of gender equality as affirmed in the
Beijing Platform for Action;

     2.   Also reaffirms that mainstreaming a gender perspective is
integral to the empowerment of women and achieving gender equality;

     3.   Stresses that mainstreaming does not exclude the need for
targeted, women-specific and/or positive legislation, policies or
programming and for gender focal points, whether at the national level or
within the United Nations system;

     4.   Also stresses that gender mainstreaming, as an important means of
achieving gender equality, requires the existence of effective national
machineries for the advancement of women at the highest political level,
appropriate intra- and inter-ministerial procedures and staffing, and other
institutions with the mandate and capacity to broaden women's
participation;

     5.   Welcomes the reports of the Secretary-General on the follow-up to
the Fourth World Conference on Women,42/ which underscore the importance
of mainstreaming a gender perspective by translating the concept into
practical action, including by outlining the steps required for
mainstreaming;

     6.   Reiterates that the responsibility for mainstreaming starts at
the highest levels, and in this regard, emphasizes the importance of the
role of the Special Adviser to the Secretary-General on Gender Issues and
Advancement of Women, while stressing the need for the systematic
consideration of gender mainstreaming at the highest levels;

     7.   Also reiterates the need to fully integrate a gender perspective
into the coordinated follow-up to major United Nations conferences and
summits;

     8.   Requests the Secretary-General, in the context of the review of
the system-wide medium-term plan for the advancement of women in 1998, to
give due attention to the implementation of the Beijing Platform for
Action, including mainstreaming;

     9.   Encourages the Secretary-General to continue to give full support
to coordination and policy within the United Nations for the implementation
of the Beijing Platform for Action and for the mainstreaming of a system-
wide gender perspective in all activities of the United Nations, taking
into account the mandates of the bodies concerned;

     10.  Stresses the importance of the work of the Inter-Agency Committee
on Women and Gender Equality in regularly monitoring progress made in
incorporating a gender perspective in institutional structures, policies
and programming; 

     11.  Also stresses the importance of mainstreaming a gender
perspective into the ongoing restructuring process of the Secretariat, and
welcomes the efforts already made;

     12.  Encourages further cooperation between the Division for the
Advancement of Women of the Secretariat and other parts of the United
Nations system in order to mainstream a gender perspective in areas such as
peacekeeping, political, economic and social affairs, operational
activities for development, and humanitarian affairs;

     13.  Calls upon all bodies and agencies of the United Nations system,
in the design and implementation of their programmes and assistance, to
respect fully the human rights of women and the girl child;

     14.  Invites the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, in
the execution of his/her mandate, to pay particular attention to the need
for cooperation and coordination to ensure that the equal status of all
human rights of all women and the girl child are integrated into United
Nations system-wide activities, as well as to the means of achieving this,
as noted in Commission on the Status of Women resolution 40/343/ and
Commission on Human Rights resolution 1996/48,44/ and, in particular and
in view of the critical areas of concern to be discussed by the Commission
on the Status of Women at its forty-second session, to ensure that the
reports of the Special Rapporteur on violence against women, its causes and
consequences are brought to the attention of the Commission to assist it in
its work in the area of violence against women;

     15.  Stresses the need to increase cooperation and further integration
of objectives and goals between the Commission on the Status of Women,
other functional commissions and United Nations bodies in view of the
twelve critical areas of concern in the Beijing Platform for Action;

     16.  Urges future development of inter-agency and inter-secretariat
linkages in, inter alia, mainstreaming a gender perspective, such as the
Inter-Agency Committee on Women and Gender Equality and the joint work plan
of the Division for the Advancement of Women and the Centre for Human
Rights and the need for this plan to be considered fully by the Commission
on Human Rights;

     17.  Also stresses the need for steps to be taken to integrate a
gender perspective into human rights activities and programmes, bearing in
mind the guidelines contained in the report of the expert group meeting on
this issue,45/ including reporting under international human rights
instruments and mechanisms; 
     18.  Draws attention to the need to give due consideration to the
human rights of women and the girl child in the preparations for the five-
year review of the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action46/ and the
commemoration of the fiftieth anniversary of the Universal Declaration of
Human Rights,26/26/ and in order to do so, requests that the United Nations
High Commissioner for Human Rights, the United Nations High Commissioner
for Refugees, the Special Rapporteur on violence against women, other
relevant rapporteurs and working groups, as appropriate, and treaty body
experts be invited to participate in the discussion at the forty-second
session of the Commission of the Status of Women on the critical areas of
concern "Human rights of women" and "The girl child";

     19.  Welcomes the note by the Secretary-General on agreed conclusions
1996/1 adopted by the Economic and Social Council on coordination of United
Nations system activities for poverty eradication,47/ in particular, its
emphasis on mainstreaming a gender perspective in all United Nations
activities for poverty eradication, at all levels;

     20.  Encourages the Economic and Social Council at its coordination
segment to evaluate the steps taken by the United Nations system to
implement the recommendations in its agreed conclusions 1996/1 on
mainstreaming a gender perspective in United Nations activities for poverty
eradication, including the use of data disaggregated by sex, review of
statistical indicators, gender-impact analysis, monitoring and evaluation,
and gender-sensitive training, and to present recommendations on further
steps to ensure a common United Nations system-wide approach to
mainstreaming a gender perspective in all United Nations development
activities, including those of United Nations funds and programmes and the
specialized agencies;

     21.  Emphasizes the critical role that the resident coordinator system
plays in ensuring that gender perspectives are mainstreamed in the country
programmes of United Nations operational agencies;

     22.  Requests that the United Nations Development Fund for Women work
to bring its experience in programme countries to the attention of other
organizations in the United Nations system with a view to strengthening the
gender perspective of development programmes in developing countries and
increasing synergy with other United Nations organizations;

     23.  Requests the Secretary-General, in his report for the Commission
on the Status of Women at its forty-second session on the thematic issues
of violence against women, women and armed conflict, the human rights of
women, and the girl child, to draw special attention to the full
participation of women in all aspects of humanitarian assistance
programmes, including their design, management, implementation, monitoring
and evaluation, drawing upon the reports of the agencies and bodies of the
United Nations system concerning humanitarian assistance and other reports
as necessary;

     24.  Stresses the importance of mainstreaming a gender perspective in
the individual programmes of the medium-term plan for the period 1998-2001,
as adopted by the General Assembly,48/ and encourages the Committee for
Programme and Coordination to examine this issue when reviewing the medium-
term plan;

     25.  Emphasizes that the implementation of the Platform for Action
requires the mainstreaming of a gender perspective into the design,
planning and implementation of all policies and programmes and
administrative procedures in the United Nations system, and in this regard,
notes with appreciation the conclusion of the Inter-Agency Committee on
Women and Gender Equality that mainstreaming is a responsibility of the
United Nations system as a whole and of all staff in all policy and
programme areas and in decision-making;

     26.  Encourages the Economic and Social Council, at its coordination
segment in 1997, to develop specific recommendations for mainstreaming a
gender perspective into all United Nations system activities, including by:

     (a)  Assessing the achievements and the obstacles encountered in
mainstreaming a gender perspective at the intergovernmental level,
including the General Assembly, the Economic and Social Council and the
regional and functional commissions, and in the United Nations system,
including the Secretariat, the specialized agencies and all operational
activities, including those at the field level, and making specific
recommendations thereon;

     (b)  Encouraging the development of methodologies and practical tools
for mainstreaming a gender perspective and for monitoring progress thereon
on a regular basis, especially at senior levels, through, inter alia,
performance indicators and evaluation, mechanisms for accountability,
impact analysis and identifying best practices;

     (c)  Stressing the importance of further developing and improving
training on gender issues, inter alia, through evaluation of training
practices, in order to strengthen expertise on gender issues;

     (d)  Stressing the need to draw on the considerable experience and
expertise that exists within the Division for the Advancement of Women, the
United Nations Development Fund for Women, the International Research and
Training Institute for the Advancement of Women and other gender
units/focal points to provide advice, and encouraging efforts to develop
and enhance cooperation and linkages between these units and other parts of
the system, including with the Inter-Agency Committee on Women and Gender
Equality, in order to broaden responsibility for the implementation of
mainstreaming;

     (e)  Emphasizing the importance of achieving a gender balance and the
need to implement recommendations and goals already established to increase
women's access to senior levels of decision-making in the United Nations
system, including in matters relating to peacekeeping, preventive diplomacy
and economic and social development, taking into account equitable
geographical representation in conformity with Article 101 of the Charter
of the United Nations, as a key component of mainstreaming a gender
perspective;

     (f)  Underscoring the importance of working with non-governmental
organizations and women's groups, and developing partnerships to build
capacity for progress in mainstreaming;

     (g)  Calling upon United Nations departments and bodies, in the
context of preparation of the programme budget for the biennium 1998-1999
and in budget decisions in general, to take full account of the need to
implement the Beijing Platform for Action and to mainstream a gender
perspective in their programmes, in line with the recommendations of the
Platform, and to identify clearly those activities that are necessary to
achieve that objective;

     (h)  Calling for adequate human and financial resources, including
resources for the Division for the Advancement of Women, the United Nations
Development Fund for Women and the International Research and Training
Institute for the Advancement of Women, in order to carry out all tasks
foreseen in the Beijing Platform for Action;

     27.  Stresses that mainstreaming a gender perspective into all United
Nations-system activities is an ongoing process requiring regular
assessment and commitment at the highest level, and further stresses, in
this context, the need for effective follow-up throughout the United
Nations system to the recommendations of Economic and Social Council
coordination segment;

     28.  Urges that the Economic and Social Council specifically integrate
a gender perspective into its deliberations on economic and social issues,
including the high-level segment;

     29.  Requests Governments to include information on progress in
mainstreaming when submitting their reports on national action plans for
the implementation of the commitments contained in the Beijing Platform for
Action, which are due by 30 May 1997, as input for the preparation of the
synthesis report of the Secretary-General in 1998;

     30.  Requests the Secretary-General to report on the implementation of
the present resolution.


    Decision 41/101.  Follow-up to the Fourth World Conference on Women*

     At its 15th meeting, on 21 March 1997, the Commission on the Status of
Women took note of the proposed programme of work of the Division for the
Advancement of Women of the United Nations Secretariat for the biennium
1998-199949/ and made the following comments:

     (a)  Efforts should go forward to improve service to the Committee on
the Elimination of Discrimination against Women and to hold two regular
annual sessions of the Committee, starting in 1997, in accordance with
General Assembly resolution 51/68 of 12 December 1996;

     (b)  Sufficient resources should be made available to the Division for
the Advancement of Women to provide effective substantive support to the
Special Adviser on Gender Issues and Advancement of Women, in view of the
importance placed on the work of the Special Adviser and the Division in
the follow-up to the Fourth World Conference on Women, including the work
of the Inter-Agency Committee on Women and Gender Equality;

     (c)  The Commission supports the increased efforts by the Division for
the Advancement of Women to contribute actively to mainstreaming a gender
perspective in all activities, programmes and policies of the United
Nations and supports the increased cooperation between the Division, the
functional commissions of the Economic and Social Council and United
Nations bodies and agencies, including the Centre for Human Rights, as
described in the joint work programme presented for 1997;

     (d)  The intensified activities in coordination and outreach by the
Division, including its recurrent publications, are appreciated, in
particular the proposal to continue the publication Women 2000 in its new
streamlined format as an important outlet for emerging issues in the
follow-up to the Fourth World Conference on Women, for dissemination to
Governments and non-governmental organizations, as well as the WomenWatch
Web site being developed jointly by the Division, the United Nations
Development Fund for Women and the International Research and Training
Institute for the Advancement of Women, which provides information
electronically in a timely fashion on the work of the Commission on the
Status of Women, the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against
Women, and Governments, including the texts of national action plans or
strategies.


      Decision 41/102.  Report of the Secretary-General on improvement
                        of the status of women in the Secretariat     
 
     At its 16th meeting, on 21 March 1997, the Commission on the Status of
Women took note of the report of the Secretary-General on improvement of
the status of women in the Secretariat.50/



    	

 


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