United Nations

E/CN.6/1997/8


Commission on the Status of Women

 Distr. GENERAL
28 February 1997
ORIGINAL: ENGLISH


COMMISSION ON THE STATUS OF WOMEN
Forty-first session
10-21 March 1997
Item 3 (a) of the provisional
agenda


         FOLLOW-UP TO THE FOURTH WORLD CONFERENCE ON WOMEN:
              REVIEW OF MAINSTREAMING IN ORGANIZATIONS OF
                  THE UNITED NATIONS SYSTEM

       Implementation of General Assembly resolution 50/166
       on the role of the United Nations Development Fund
       for Women in eliminating violence against women

                   Note by the Secretary-General


1.      In its resolution 50/166 on the role of the United
Nations Development for Women in eliminating violence against
women, the General Assembly requested the Fund to include in its
regular reports information regarding its activities to eliminate
violence against women and girls and to provide such information
to the Commission on the Status of Women and the Commission on
Human Rights.  It also requested the Fund to include in its
regular reports information, inter alia, on the establishment of
a trust fund in support of national, regional and international
actions to eliminate violence against women and to provide such
information to the Commission on the Status of Women and the
Commission on Human Rights.

2.      The report of the Fund, as transmitted by the
Administrator of the United Nations Development Programme, is
annexed to the present note.



                               Annex

      Role of the United Nations Development Programme for Women
              in eliminating violence against women


                           INTRODUCTION

 1.      In its resolution 50/166, the General Assembly welcomed
the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action agreed upon at
the 1995 Fourth World Conference on Women which called for the
prevention and elimination of all forms of violence against women
and girls.  In the same resolution, the Assembly recalled its
resolutions 48/104, proclaiming the Declaration on the
Elimination of Violence against Women, and 48/107 in which it had
reaffirmed the catalytic role that the United Nations Development
Fund for Women (UNIFEM) had played in facilitating the efforts of
Governments and non-governmental organizations to support
innovative activities that directly benefited and empowered
women.  In its resolution 50/166, the Assembly also urged
Governments to allocate adequate resources for activities related
to the elimination of violence against women, including resources
for the implementation of plans of action at all appropriate
levels, as called for in paragraph 124 (p) of the Platform for
Action.

2.      The General Assembly, in paragraph 1 of its resolution
50/166, reiterated the Assembly's appreciation for the advocacy
initiatives of UNIFEM, including its contribution to and
participation in the follow-up to the Vienna Declaration and
Programme of Action, adopted by the World Conference on Human
Rights on 25 July 1993, in particular with respect to efforts to
combat violence against women.

3.      The General Assembly, in its resolution 50/166, requested
the Fund, as one of the operational bodies of the United Nations,
to take into account the need to strengthen its activities to
eliminate violence against women as part of system-wide efforts
of the United Nations towards that goal, in accordance with the
measures set out in the Beijing Declaration and Platform for
Action and the Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against
Women and focusing on activities, particularly at the national
and community levels.


          I.  ROLE OF THE UNITED
              NATIONS DEVELOPMENT FUND FOR
              WOMEN
              IN THE ELIMINATION OF
              VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN

4.      UNIFEM's role in the elimination of violence against
women was described in a report submitted to the Commission on
the Status of Women at its fortieth session (E/CN.6/1996/11). 
During 1996- 1997, while the establishment of the Trust Fund has
been under way, UNIFEM has continued its work in the regions to
facilitate initiatives to eliminate violence against women.  Some
of these efforts include the following:

    (a)     UNIFEM has provided support for the Council for
Women's Rights of Brasilia in their preparation of a model
campaign to eliminate violence against women;

    (b)     Also in Brazil, UNIFEM has been developing a project
that will train police officers on the effects of violence
against women;

    (c)     UNIFEM has assisted the women's national machinery of
Ecuador in the production and dissemination of information to
popularize the contents of the new law on violence against women;

    (d)     In Senegal, UNIFEM has supported public awareness
initiatives on violence against women, involving ministers, heads
of United Nations agencies and non-governmental organizations.


                 II.  STEPS TAKEN TO IMPLEMENT THE
                      TRUST FUND
 5.      In March 1996, UNIFEM organized two initial
consultations on the establishment and terms of reference of the
Trust Fund.  One consultation was with partners from
non-governmental organizations who specialize in work to
eradicate violence against women.  In accordance with General
Assembly resolution 50/166, the second consultation was organized
at the request of the Administrator of the United Nations
Development Programme in consultation with the Secretary-
General.  The consultation was held, as requested, with the
competent United Nations organs and bodies, in particular with
representatives from the Division for the Advancement of Women,
the Centre for Human Rights, the Crime Prevention and Criminal
Justice Branch, the Office of the United Nations High
Commissioner for Refugees and the United Nations Children's Fund.

6.      In these meetings, the terms of reference for the Trust
Fund were developed.  They specify that the Fund will support
national, regional and international actions, including those
taken by Governments and non-governmental organizations.  The
following types of activities will be undertaken:  awareness-
raising (for men, women and youth on the issue of violence
against women, including efforts to work with the media and
support efforts to expand public understanding, perception and
definition of and responsibility for gender-based violence, its
causes and consequences); capacity-building (building
institutional capacity to respond to the effects of gender-based
violence); legal literacy (ensuring women's awareness of their
rights and how to exercise them); training (including training of
governmental and non- governmental personnel to increase the
capacity for provision of services to women who have experienced
violence, policy development around gender- based violence,
general public understanding of such violence and understanding
of the issue among those responsible for policy implementation);
action- related research; and innovative and catalytic support
(for efforts geared towards the development of innovative
approaches for the prevention and deterrence of violence against
women).

7.      The financial and organizational mechanisms for
administering the Trust Fund have now been established at UNDP
and UNIFEM.  Contributions have been received from the
Governments of Japan, the Republic of Korea and Denmark, and
Italy has pledged a contribution.  The pledges and actual monies
received are now in excess of $1 million.

8.      UNIFEM staff in the field, a total of 11 regional
programme advisers, have been gathering information from
governmental and non-governmental organizations working in the
area of violence against women on the types of interventions they
are planning in order to make significant progress towards the
elimination of violence against women.

9.      Project proposals for consideration under the Trust Fund
from all the regions have begun to arrive at UNIFEM headquarters. 
A concerted effort to widely disseminate information about the
existence of the Trust Fund to a broad constituency continues in
order to elicit a significant number of innovative and
representative projects.  Review of the proposals already
received for support from the Trust Fund is now under way.

10.     UNIFEM will have selected and commenced funding of
projects at the grass-roots, national regional and international
levels by July 1997.

11.     UNIFEM will engage in dialogue with its partners in the
system, in particular the Division for the Advancement of Women,
the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on
violence against women, the Centre for Human Rights, the Crime
Prevention and Criminal Justice Branch and the United Nations
Children's Fund in order to ensure that its activities form part
of the system-wide efforts of the United Nations to eliminate
violence against women.

12.     UNIFEM will also continue to support the mandate of the
Special Rapporteur on violence, its causes and consequences,
where appropriate.


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