United Nations

E/CN.6/1995/3


Commission on the Status of Women

 Distr. GENERAL
10 January 1995
ORIGINAL: ENGLISH




COMMISSION ON THE STATUS OF WOMEN
Thirty-ninth session
New York, 15 March-4 April 1995
Item 2 of the provisional agenda*

      *  E/CN.6/1995/1.


           SECOND REVIEW AND APPRAISAL OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE
           NAIROBI FORWARD-LOOKING STRATEGIES FOR THE ADVANCEMENT  
                                   OF WOMEN

Report of the Secretary-General**


                                 INTRODUCTION

1.   By its resolution 36/8 on the preparations for the Fourth World
Conference on Women:  Action for Equality, Development and Peace, the
Commission on the Status of Women decided that the agenda for the Fourth World
Conference on Women shall include the second review and appraisal of the
implementation of the Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies for the Advancement
of Women.  The Commission requested the Secretary-General to submit to the
Commission, at its thirty-seventh session, a report containing information on
data that would be used in the formulation of the second report on the
implementation of the Strategies and an outline of the second report, in which
special emphasis should be given to the recommendations and conclusions
arising from the first review and appraisal - particularly those referring to
the condition of women in developing countries - contained in the annex to
Council resolution 1990/15.  

2.   In its resolution 45/129, the General Assembly urged Governments,
international organizations and non-governmental organizations to implement
the recommendations and conclusions.  It also reaffirmed paragraph 2, on the
improvement of the pace of implementation of the Strategies in the crucial
last decade of the twentieth century.  It stated that the cost of failing to
implement the Strategies would be high in terms of slowed economic and social
development, misuse of human resources and reduced progress for society as a
whole and, for that reason, that immediate steps should be taken to remove the
most serious obstacles to the implementation of the Strategies.

3.   The Economic and Social Council acknowledged the obstacles encountered
in the preparation of the first review and appraisal, in particular the
inadequate response to the questionnaire sent out to all member States.  By
its resolution 1990/9 of 24 May 1990, the Economic and Social Council
requested that the second review and appraisal should be based on national
reports and available analysis of statistical data in the United Nations
system and in other pertinent governmental and non-governmental organizations.

As stated in the report of the Secretary-General on the preparations for the
Fourth World Conference on Women:  Action for Equality, Development and
Peace, 1/ the preparatory process should be utilized to develop new and
innovative approaches to statistics, to be ultimately reflected in the review
and appraisal, which should compare women with men and show changes occurring
over time.

4.   At its thirty-seventh session, the Commission considered a report by the
Secretary-General on the second review and appraisal.  In its resolution 37/7,
the Commission urged Governments to initiate preparations for their national
reports as soon as possible and to ensure that they were submitted to the
regional conferences in time to serve as contributions to the regional reviews
and appraisals and to the Conference secretariat in time to serve as
contributions to the global review and appraisal.  It recommended that at all
levels the review and appraisal focus on priorities of Governments and
highlight the critical areas of concern identified in the structure of the
platform for action.  It requested the secretariat to prepare a list of the
most significant indicators on the basis of the critical areas of concern
identified in the structure of the platform for action, taking into account
the availability of reliable national statistics, and to circulate the list to
national committees and focal points to initiate and promote preparations for
the Fourth World Conference.  It also requested the secretariat to use the
necessary machinery to include the results of the regional conferences in the
second report on the review and appraisal.

5.   As requested, the Secretary-General of the Conference circulated, in a
note verbale, a model structure for national reports, including the list of
indicators.  (See annex I.)

6.   The second review and appraisal, also as requested, has been prepared on
the basis of information contained in national reports, the results of the
regional conferences and information provided by specialized agencies of the
United Nations system.  It draws heavily on gender statistics assembled by the
Statistical Division of the Department for Economic and Social Information and
Policy Analysis, in Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (WISTAT),
version 3. 2/  It has made use of information provided by other governmental
and non-governmental organizations.  A first draft of the document was
circulated to all organizations of the United Nations system for comments in
their respective areas of competence.

7.   As mandated by the Commission at its thirty-eighth session, the review
and appraisal is structured around the platform for action.  It should be seen
as the factual support for the conclusions and recommendations found in the
platform.

8.   Chapter III of the review and appraisal follows the general structure of
part V of the Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies for the Advancement of Women
and reviews international action.

9.   The review and appraisal has been able to make use of the 130 national
reports that were received by the Conference secretariat by 1 December 1994. 
The table below shows the distribution of reports by region.


             Table.  National reports received and used in the review
                     and appraisal 


                     Region                                   Number

     Africa                                                     41

     Asia and the Pacific                                       20

     Latin America and the Caribbean                            29

     Western Asia                                                9

     Western Europe and Other                                   31


                                     Notes

     **  The present document contains the introduction to the report of the
Secretary-General.  Chapters I-III will be issued as addenda.

     1/  "Preparations for the Fourth World Conference on Women:  Action for
Equality, Development and Peace" (E/CN.6/1992/3).

     2/  The development of WISTAT was made possible by support from the
United Nations Population Fund.  The statistics are being made available to
the Conference in the update of The World's Women:  Trends and Statistics.


                                     -----


    	

 


This document has been posted online by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA). Reproduction and dissemination of the document - in electronic and/or printed format - is encouraged, provided acknowledgement is made of the role of the United Nations in making it available.

Date last updated: 06 December 1999 by DESA/DAW
Copyright 1999 United Nations