Commission on Sustainable Development Background Document No. 19 Sixth Session 20 April - 1 May 1998 Report of the Consultative Meeting among Regional Institutions 4-6 February 1998, New York I. Introduction 1. The UN General Assembly Special Session to review and appraise the implementation of Agenda 21, called upon the Commission on Sustainable Development to: "promote increased regional implementation of Agenda 21 in cooperation with relevant regional and subregional organizations and the UN regional commissions, in accordance with the results of their priority-setting efforts, with a view to enhancing the role such bodies play in the achievement of sustainable development objectives agreed at the international level." It further recommended that CSD, "take into account regional developments related to the implementation of the outcomes of the UNCED. It should provide a forum for the exchange of experience on regional and subregional initiatives and regional collaboration for sustainable development. This could include the promotion of the voluntary regional exchange of national experience in the implementation of Agenda 21 and, inter alia, the possible development of modalities for reviews within regions by and among those countries that voluntarily agree to do so." 2. In the furtherance of this decision, the Department for Economic and Social Affairs convened the second consultative meeting among regional institutions 1/ in New York in order to: (1) examine major trends and innovative practices in regional cooperation; (2) review regional priorities in relation to the CSD work programme for the period 1998 to 2002; and (3) consider modalities for the proposed exchange of national experience in the implementation of Agenda 21 and the possible role of regional institutions in such exchanges. 3. The consultative meeting met from 4 to 6 February and elected Mr. Kazi Jalal, Chief, Office of Environment and Social Development, the Asian Development Bank (ADB), as its Chairman. The meeting was opened by Mr. Nitin Desai, Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs. The Agenda, Work Programme and List of Participants are attached as annexes to the present report. Also annexed to the report are several matrices which reflect the goals, priorities and programmes of most of the regional institutions participating in the meeting. 4. The meeting held two plenary sessions where the main topics of the meeting were introduced and initially discussed. The second day was devoted to small working group discussions organized on a regional basis. The conclusions and recommendations of these individual regional discussions are attached as an annex to the report. The final plenary session was devoted to discussion and adoption of the report. 5. While there are differences in regional priorities, approaches and problems that are reflected in the individual regions, there are broad areas of agreement which are reflected in the main conclusions and recommendations outlined below. The main conclusions of the discussion are organized according to the principal agenda items, utilizing several of the sub-headings that emerged during the discussion or were suggested as issues to be addressed. II. Major Trends and Innovative Practices in Regional/Sub-regional Cooperation A. Difficulties in cooperation and coordination among regional institutions 6. Problems identified include the complexity and different fora for policy making and implementation at the regional level. For example, some regional institutions are largely concerned with hemispheric or continent-wide issues, while others have more specific mandates for the implementation of policies and programmes or the allocation of financial resources. Changes in the legislative framework in countries, the differing constituencies of regional institutions and a variety of multilateral environmental conventions were also cited as factors that must be taken into account to achieve meaningful regional cooperation. 7. There is a need to better integrate at the national and regional level, the economic, social and environmental strands of sustainable development both in terms of information and analysis as well as policy formulation. In some regions, there are strong ministerial mechanisms for the environment, but few comparable mechanisms for sustainable development to focus on the cross-sectoral issues. Better organized cross-sectoral and thematic dialogues at the regional level would be beneficial as well as improved expert networks focused on thematic issues. 8. An increasing number of institutions, at all levels, are playing a role and having positive impacts on the implementation of Agenda 21. At the same time, the proliferation of actors is making it increasingly difficult to monitor the results and effectiveness of these efforts. Joint programming and inter-agency coordination groups at the regional and national level can help to streamline the involvement of different agencies and to ensure the coherence of efforts. 9. Financial resources were mentioned frequently by regional institutions as a constraining factor. Many regional institutions have their own programmes of work and resources are allocated according to regional priorities. It is often difficult to mobilize additional resources to address sustainable development issues and priorities identified at the international level if these do not correspond to regionally identified priorities. B. Special features of recent trends in regional/sub-regional cooperation 10. The driving forces behind regional initiatives in sustainable development and the implementation of Agenda 21 programmes include: (1) the decisions of national governments and the higher national priority given to sustainable development issues,(2) regional trading partnerships and economic integration, (3) the actions and activities of NGO■s and major groups, (4) the fuller integration of environment into economic and social policy planning and the (5) actions and decisions of intergovernmental bodies, including the multilateral convention COPs. 11. Economic and social development was also mentioned by several participants as the key driving force for the realization for sustainable development emphasizing (1) integration of environmental and social development policies into all sectors of the economy, (2) development and implementation of integrated sectoral policies, (3) population control or planning, (4) poverty reduction, (5) sustainable use of natural resources, (6) sound economic pricing policy and (6) participation of all relevant stakeholders. 12. Cross-sectoral linkages, shared natural resources and common challenges to sustainable development (e.g. water, biodiversity and the particular vulnerability of small island states) as well as innovations in trade and energy regimes have helped to stimulate new forms of regional, subregional and inter-regional cooperation, greater interaction among regional institutions and common action by national governments. Partnerships with NGOs and major groups have been increasingly emphasized by many regional institutions, including the regional development banks. 13. Several participants mentioned the emergence and increasing prevalence of regional electronic networks and information sources as an instrument that can further improve the linkages among regional institutions with organizations outside the region and the promotion of joint activities and initiatives. 14. The importance of adopting a thematic approach to regional cooperation was frequently stressed in the discussion. By identifying key themes and sub-themes, regional consultation becomes more focused, making it easier to define and act on common initiatives. III. Regional Priorities and the CSD Work Programme A. Role of Regional Institutions 15. Regional institutions, in most cases, play a catalytic role in providing a means for inter-governmental, expert or multistakesholders■ dialogues and consultations and for the integration of environmental issues with social and economic ones both at the regional and national level. In all the regions, the regional institutions facilitate ministerial conferences where regional priorities are identified, regional programmes reviewed, the state of the environment in the region assessed. In recent years, the involvement of local authorities, business, NGOs and other civil society representatives, in the regional consultative processes is increasing. 16. A key task of regional institutions is to link the global agenda with regional priorities and to achieve integrated delivery of programmes to add value to national efforts in implementing the Rio accords. The main focus there should be on those subjects or themes pertaining to regional priorities already identified. In this regard, an important role for regional institutions is to further define and identify concrete problems in the region in keeping with the thematic areas of Agenda 21. This includes helping countries to focus on common issues, needs and problems of a regional nature such as transboundary pollution and regional dimensions of various multilateral environmental agreements, UN global conferences and platforms for action on sustainable development, information collection, sharing of best practices. 17. It was recognized that regional institutions carry out a wide range of functions in promoting sustainable development in their respective regions which include, for example, providing support to capacity building, promotion of information exchanges, formulation of programmes, catalysing networks and dialogues, stimulating cross- sectoral initiatives, guideline formulation, project development, reporting on and evaluating the effectiveness of national and regional policies in achieving sustainable development objectives, facilitating the development of negotiating positions, analysis of international decisions and agreements in relation to regional priorities/positions, developing information management systems, promoting economic growth under a set of new policy paradigms, providing direct funding and/or a foundation to attract further investments. In undertaking such activities, regional institutions have differing, but complementary roles to play. 18. All regional institutions have adopted priorities related to the implementation of Agenda 21, however not all of these priorities correspond to nor are they on the same time sequence as the next five year programme of work of the CSD. Certain regional priorities, such as waste management issues, while covered under Agenda 21 are not explicitly taken up in CSD■s new programme of work. In this regard, it was suggested that the work of regional institutions on such issues could provide an important input and source of supplementary information under the main themes being discussed by CSD. It was recommended that the CSD Secretariat should continue its identification, compilation and comparison of regional priorities in close consultation with the relevant regional and sub-regional organizations. 19. New and emerging environmental and/or economic problems, require flexibility on the part of regional institutions to adjust their priorities as required. For example, the smoke and haze problem which has beset the ASEAN region has required new regional initiatives on the part of several institutions. It is moreover the type of problem that requires a regionally coordinated response because both the cause and effects of the problem are regional in scope. B. Enhancing Regional Cooperation 20. The ways in which the present forms of cooperation can be enhanced vary from region to region. What seems to be common in some regions is the need to strengthen the cooperation between the regional UN entities, including UNDP, UNEP Regional Offices, Regional Commissions, as well as regional operations of the World Bank■s on one hand, and non-UN regional bodies such as the Regional Development Banks and regional intergovernmental organizations. There are parallel processes of regional policy making, priority-setting and fund allocation, which while not necessarily conflicting are not complementary either. The regional institutions are also in a position to bring civil society into the intergovernmental dialogues through, for example, organizing cooperation between national and regional Sustainable Development Councils. C. Strengthening CSD/Regional Links 21. Participants recognized the need to strengthen the links between the CSD process and the regional and subregional processes. One way would be to contribute more directly to the work of the CSD through participating in the consultative processes of drafting Secretary- General reports. Inputs could be solicited and comments on drafts could be sought by the Task Managers through the CSD Secretariat, perhaps using the informal network of regional and subregional institutions represented by the current Meeting. 22. Another way could be to organize timely regional meetings focused on specific themes to be discussed at the forthcoming sessions of the CSD where the particular regions might interact with the CSD Bureaux and other CSD members, wherever possible. Regional and subregional institutions in addition to the Regional Commissions should be encouraged to participate as observers in the CSD discussions, and explore, through the CSD Secretariat, the possibility of organizing regional interactive fora with CSD delegates or some other -window■ where regional experiences and innovative practices in implementing Agenda 21 of relevance to specific issues under consideration, can be shared. Another way would be to provide a means for regional expression of the CSD process, perhaps through involving regional commissions and intergovernmental regional and subregional bodies in the consultative process of CSD. 23. Participants felt that CSD has an important role to play by promoting a thematic focus, catalysing linkages between key institutions at the national and regional level and responding to thematic priorities through consultations with interested regional organizations and agencies. Networking contacts and relations among regional institutions to promote implementation of Agenda 21 was seen as an important function to be performed by the CSD. It was recommended that CSD undertake periodic consultations, electronic conferencing, and other contacts as a way to promote regional and sub-regional cooperation. 24. In some regions, the CSD process, including the concept of sustainable development, is not fully understood, not only at the grassroots level but also at certain policy levels. The regional institutions can play a larger role in promoting the understanding of the concept of sustainable development and linking their respective mandates and regional processes to CSD decisions. D. Other Issues 25. CSD should do more to mobilize financial resources for regional cooperation. Maximum use will be made of existing fora and consultations based on regional thematic priorities thereby making the best use of available resources. IV. Modalities for Exchanges of National Information and the Role of Regional Institutions A. The Objectives of Such Exchanges 26. The participants generally agreed that the exchange of information at the regional and sub-regional levels benefits countries, regional and inter-regional institutions, and the CSD. Countries are assisted in formulating their policies and plans, in building capacity, in learning from the exchange of good practices and in developing national plans for the implementation of priority actions related to Agenda 21. 27. Cooperation among regional and interregional institutions is fostered through information exchange, and the institutions themselves are better able to assist countries in the regions in policy development, the establishment and implementation of regional plans of action, capacity-building, and support for priority projects and programmes. 28. Adding value to national information through regional and subregional analysis and exchange can also assist the work of the Commission on Sustainable Development in monitoring implementation of Agenda 21 and in evaluating the effectiveness of national and regional policies in achieving sustainable development objectives. B. The Kinds of Information to be Exchanged 29. For several regional institutions, issues of data availability and the development of information management systems at the country level are a major concern. It was therefore felt that an important prerequisite to any exchange of information, would be an assessment by national governments and regional/sub-regional institution of the availability of information and data bases on different disciplines related to sustainable development. In Africa, in particular, it was suggested that a consolidated directory and roster of experts would be the first step to establish what types of information could most productively be exchanged. 30. Overall, the information to be exchanged should be relevant both to the agenda of the CSD and to regional priorities. These could be both sectoral and cross-sectoral, and they would likely vary to some extent by region. Consensus on regional priorities should involve, in some regions, further consultations to actively engage finance ministries and development banks. 31. Sources of information would include, in addition to country- specific data, national reports to the CSD, national and regional State of the Environment reports, reviews of regional and sub-regional work programmes, and, in the case of Europe, Environmental Performance Reviews. The possibility of sharing national information held by the regional development banks should also be investigated. No new or additional reporting was suggested. C. Lead Organizations 32. In all cases, it was recommended that participation in exchanges of information should broadly include all intergovernmental regional and sub-regional organizations, United Nations organizations active in the region, regional development banks, and civil society. Nevertheless, there was considerable variety of opinion about which regional organizations might play a key role in helping to promote national exchanges of information. Considerable emphasis was given to the role of regional and sub-regional intergovernmental organization in this regard, particularly those that have specific mandates for the organization of data collection and information management systems. In some cases, UNEP regional offices might take the lead while in other circumstance, the UN Regional Commissions might be appropriate, given their broader membership within their respective regions. UNDP■s Sustainable Development Networks, such as the one in the Americas, could also prove useful in this regard. It was also suggested that the lead organization or focal point for consultation could be chosen on an ad hoc basis, depending on the specific issue. D. Modalities for Information Exchange 33. Information can be exchanged through a number of different mechanisms, both sequentially and in parallel, depending upon the capacity of specific countries and regions. All participants agreed on the importance of continuing to use workshops, technical meetings and seminars for this purpose. 34. These may take place at both regional and sub-regional levels and should involve all stakeholders. Considerable emphasis was placed on developing electronic networks on issues related to Agenda 21, in order to exchange best practices and other experience, to establish rosters of experts and focal points, and to push for the further organization of data bases at the national level. Where applicable, existing networks (e.g., NESDA in Africa) could be used and strengthened for this purpose. 35. It was agreed that the submission of national reports to the CSD should continue to be a high priority means of exchanging national information and is an important source of information for other national governments, regional institutions and civil society as a whole. In this regard, the African Development Bank expressed willingness to consider means to assist those countries within its region who have difficulty for financial or institutional reasons to respond to the voluntary reporting procedures of the CSD in this regard. 36. Country peer reviews are currently undertaken mainly in the European region. While these are evaluations of -environmental performance,■ participants from that region indicated that the scope in which they take place is increasingly being related to broader issues of sustainable development. The region of Asia and the Pacific suggested that country reviews could take place there as well, but not on the basis of a peer review. Rather, national experts could work with their respective Governments to conduct such studies, and these could then be reviewed at the regional level. None of the other regions proposed country reviews as a feasible modality in the foreseeable future. In this connection, the meeting was informed that the Asian Development Bank has developed a methodology to measure environmental performance of its developing member countries. 37. Participants endorsed a pilot project which ECE proposed to undertake, in cooperation with the other regional institutions of Europe, including non-governmental organizations. Through this project, the ECE would organize a regional workshop for the exchange of national experiences. Other relevant organizations and institutions, including NGOs, within the region, and the other Regional Commissions would be invited to participate in this Workshop. 38. The ECE would take responsibility for an ongoing process of analysis which would: (a) review all country and EU reports submitted to the CSD and other relevant document, as noted above; (b) define an appropriate modality for a comparative analysis of the progress made by the countries; (c) provide an inventory of best practices and, if appropriate, an assessment; (d) review national priorities and provide analysis as to the extent that national priorities coincide with regional priorities and concur with priorities of the CSD. 39. The Workshop, which should be organized in the fourth quarter of 1998, would discuss the background analysis and recommend actions to be taken, with a particular emphasis on policy formulation and capacity-building. The Workshop would also assess the value of the pilot project and suggest the next steps, including, for example, the establishment of a mechanism to assure ongoing implementation and periodicity of the review. 40. The results of the Workshop would be submitted to the seventh session of the CSD, in 1999 and would be shared with other regional institutions. Governments and other donors are invited to support the implementation of the pilot project. V. Arrangements for Follow-Up 41. Participants agreed on the importance and usefulness of holding meetings among regional institutions at the global level on a periodic basis, perhaps every two years or so, with the aim of strengthening global-regional linkages. Meetings at the regional level among regional and subregional institutions are encouraged to be held more frequently, once a year for example, back-to-back with planned regional fora such as ministerial meetings, to the greatest extent possible. In parallel to such meetings, informal networking among the participants of the current meeting should continue, through electronic and other means. ADDENDUM REPORTS OF THE REGIONAL BREAK-OUT GROUPS I. AFRICA/WEST ASIA GROUP Chairperson: Ms. Paulina Makinwa-Adbusoye (ECA) Rapporteur: Mr. Yogesh Vyas (AfDB) Participants: Ms. Maria de Amorim(UNEP-ROA) Mr. Edward Clinton (OAU) Mr. Makram Gerges (UNEP-ROWA) Mr. B. Leleka (SADC) Mr. Ejeviome Eloho Otobo (ECA) Mr. Omar Touqan (ESCWA) Ms. Lowell Flanders (DESA/DSD) Regional Priorities and the CSD Work Programme Role of regional institutions - Help countries establish their local "Agenda 21" Plan of Actions; - Follow-up on their implementation including strengthening/capacity-building; - Assist with development of national information systems; - Help countries with their reporting obligations; - (However), to achieve above, funds will be needed by regional institutions. Enhancing regional cooperation - By greater involvement of existing national focal points (OAU, ECA, ESCWA, UNEP-Ros, UNDP, etc.) to help countries with implementation of Agenda 21; - To help sub-regional organization elaboration of their action plan; - (However), the regional institutions would need to be financially supported and strengthened. Strengthening CSD-regional links - CSD to promote better networking of regional/sub-regional institutions through periodic consultations, electronic conferencing and other means. Other issues - CSD to do more in mobilising financial resources for regional cooperation. Modalities for exchanges of national information (ref. Draft Report/rev.1) 1. What are the most important objectives for exchanging national information at the regional or subregional level? a) For Countries - To assist countries in formulating their policies and plans; - To assist countries in capacity-building; - To exchange good practices and lessons learned; and - To develop national plans for implementation of priority actions related to Agenda 21. b) For Regional Institutions - To assist countries in formulating policies and plans; - To follow-up implementation of regional plans of actions at the national levels; - To identify individual country■s need for capacity-building; - To identify strengths/weaknesses of a country related to sustainable development; and - To identify (for regional banks) priority projects/programmes to fund. - To develop regional plans of actions c) For Inter-Regional Institutions - To foster inter-regional cooperation d) For CSD - To monitor implementation of Agenda 21; - To determine impact of Agenda 21 on country■s sustainable development objectives. 2. In order to accomplish (1), what kind of information should be exchanged? As a prerequisite, an assessment needs to be carried out by national governments/regional and sub-regional organizations of the availability of information and databases on different disciplines related to sustainable development. A consolidated directory and roster of experts would be the first step to establish what types of information to be exchanged. Additionally, the Group felt that the following types of information should be exchanged: - State of environmental/sustainable development legislative framework and associated decisions taken by intergovernmental bodies; - Regional plans of actions related to Agenda 21 and implementation status; - National institutions participating and human resources available; - "Best practices" related to various sectors and sub-sectors; - Harmonization of terminologies and standardization of data collection methodologies; and - Lines and structures of reporting between national governments and regional institutions. The Group felt that the information exchange should be related to regional priorities. 3. What is the most effective modality to carry out information exchange? - Seminars, workshops, technical committee meetings, and advisory services by specialists was viewed as the most effective and politically accepted modality for information exchange; - Regional institutions should facilitate the process, particularly networking, technology transfer and training of trainers (TOTS) should be promoted; - Regional, sub-regional institutions such as NESDA (Network for Environmental and Sustainable Development in Africa), an international NGO housed at the African Development Bank (AfDB) can be used for networking, capacity building, database maintenance, etc. SADC is another such institution which would facilitate the process for Southern African countries; - Other institutions may need to be strengthened to offer similar services for other regions of Africa. 4. Should these modalities be undertaken at the regional or sub- regional level? What would be the logistical implications in each case? These modalities can be undertaken at both the regional or sub- regional level. - The group felt that annual regional/sub-regional consultation meetings can be organized by regional organizations to assist countries to prepare national reports. It was, however, emphasized that the regional institution will need to receive funding for their assistance role. - The ADB representative stated that the Bank can consider, at CSD■s request, to assist African countries to strengthen their capacity to meet CSD■s reporting requirements related to the implementation of Agenda 21. II. ASIA AND THE PACIFIC GROUP Chairman: Mr. Guangchang Shi (ESCAP) Rapporteur: Mr. Gerald Miles (SPREP) Participants: Mr. Apichai Sunchindah (ASEAN) Mr. Kazi Jalal (ADB) Ms. Lee Kimball Mr. Hussain Shihab (SACEP) Ms. Hiroko Morita-Lou (DESA/DSD) Regional Priorities and the CSD Work Programme Role of regional institutions The group discussed the wide range of roles for regional institutions in relation to the work of the CSD. It was agreed that, while the role in general was to assist/build the capacity of countries to implement and participate in agreements adopted at the international level, specific roles varied according to mandates. The different roles could be summarised as follows: Regional commission (ESCAP) facilitate capacity building, promotion of information exchanges, catalysing networks, stimulating cross-sectoral initiatives, guidelines formulation, project development, reporting formulation of policies and programmes, Ministerial Meetings Regional/sub-regional intergovernmental bodies (SACEP, ASEAN, SPREP) as above plus facilitating the development of negotiating positions, analysis of international decisions and agreements in relation to region positions/priorities Regional development bank (ADB) capacity building, promoting economic growth under a new set of policy paradigm, promoting sector policies on sustainable development, providing foundation to attract further investment. Enhanced regional cooperation It was agreed that enhanced regional cooperation should be on the basis of clear priorities, thematic or sectoral consultations/cooperation and be based on the political and economic realities or coordinating mechanisms of sub-groupings within the region. In Asia and the Pacific an over-riding priority was the need for economic development within a new policy paradigm. This paradigm would include: - development of socially and environmentally sound sector policies - increased investment and technical assistance targeting economic growth and capacity building for sustainable development - strengthening intra-, and where appropriate inter- (e.g. small islands), regional cooperation focusing e.g. on transboundary pollution - integrated planning and management of land and water resources - reduction of poverty through targeted interventions (e.g. women) - participation of all stakeholders in policy development and implementation - enforcing environmental regulations There was a clear need to integrate different priorities, improve links between different sectoral interests, in particular, increased collaboration between finance, development planning, environment and social development ministries in any priority setting process and in the development of responses to international agreements. Strengthening CSD-regional links To strengthen links between the CSD and the Asia Pacific a number of suggestions were made. These included: - the identification of focal points, in particular in non-UN institutions, for key thematic/sectoral issues relevant to the region and CSD priorities; - reviewing the mandates and work programmes of the regional institutions and relating these to the CSD work programme as a basis for effective outreach and partnerships; - identifying the issues where the regional processes can add value to the CSD■s work; - informally institutionalize a network of key institutions/focal points, specifically non-UN institutions, to be used by task managers in the preparation of reports; - reporting on funding of regional priorities by regional institutions, in particular development banks, to the CSD; - a regional forum of relevance to CSD could be convened on the basis of priorities/thematic issues identified at sub-regional levels. Modalities for exchanges of national information As discussed above the most important objective in relation to exchanges of national experiences is capacity building on a specific thematic or sectoral basis. The kind of information that need to be exchanged was both sectoral and cross-sectoral and based on regional priorities that could be related to the CSD where possible. The establishment of regional priorities required further consultation that actively engage finance ministries and development banks. Effective modalities for the exchange of national experiences included: - seminars and meetings of experts and senior officials that included all relevant stakeholders and focused in particular at the sub-regional level - networks on a sector or cross-sectoral basis - clearinghouses based on databases of best practices - review of national policies the national experts or institutes and further exchange at regional/subregional level. These exchanges would be timed to coincide with relevant elements of regional and sub-regional work programmes and also such that these exchanges would facilitate country participation in the work of the CSD. The organisations and secretariats involved would vary from sub- region to region depending on the thematic/sectoral issue. The secretariats would include: Pacific - South Pacific Organisations Coordinating Committee (Forum Secretariat) (all issues) South Asia - South Asia Cooperative Environment Programme (SACEP) South East Asia - Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) Asia-Pacific - Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) Other issues 1) Under the auspices of the ADB a new regional policy on freshwater management is emerging through a process of intensive regional consultations among all stakeholders (i.e. governments, the private sector, NGOs, ESCAP., UNEP, UNDP, and the World Bank). There has been agreement to seven principles for the sustainable management of freshwater resources in Asia and the Pacific. These are: Principles for essential water sector functions: 1. National water resources development and management should be undertaken in a holistic, determined, and sustained manner to meet national development goals and protect the environment. 2. Planning, development, and management of specific water resources should be decentralized to an appropriate level responding to basin boundaries. 3. Delivery of specific water services should be delegated to autonomous and accountable public, private, or cooperative agencies providing measured water services in a defined geographical area to their customers and/or members for an appropriate fee. Crosscutting principles for successful water sector activities: 4. Water use in society should be sustainable - with incentives, regulatory controls, and public education promoting economic efficiency, conservation of water resources, and protection of the environment - within a transparent policy framework. 5. Shared water resources within and between nations should be allocated efficiently for the mutual benefit of all riparian users. 6. Water sector development activities should be participatory and consultative at each level, leading to commitment by stakeholders and action that is socially acceptable. 7. Successful water sector development requires a commitment to sustained capacity building, monitoring, evaluation, research, and learning at all levels, to respond effectively to changing needs at the national, basin, project, service entity, and community level. In this regard, a document will be submitted to the forthcoming session of the CSD. 2) It is important to recognise that specific and unpredictable catastrophes such as the Asian currency crisis have significant social and environmental implications. These may include the delay in project start-up, cancellation of projects, project re-formulation and design of new projects, as appropriate. The ADB is monitoring the situation as it further develops. Additional Remarks The group expressed that the presence of representatives for UNEP and UNDP in the regional breakout discussions would have contributed significantly to the conclusions of the meeting. III. EUROPE GROUP Chairman: Mr. Robert Hull (EC) Rapporteur: Mr. Kaj Barlund (ECE) Participants: Mr. David Dreiblatt (ECE) Ms. Mary Pat Silveira (DESA/DSD) Role of Regional Institutions In the area of sustainable development, the primary role of the institutions in the European region is that of a catalyst, particularly for integration of environmental issues with the social and economic, through Ministerial meetings and other regional fora, as well as at the national level. Changes to the European treaties should further strengthen commitment to sustainable development. The regional organizations are also in a position to bring civil society into the intergovernmental dialogues, through, for example, organizing cooperation between national and regional sustainable development councils. Enhancing regional cooperation In general, in Europe, there is considerable regional cooperation, through the Environment for Europe process, through the ECE Committee on Environment Policy, within the EU framework, and through the ECE regional conventions, as well as on a bilateral basis. Possibilities for strengthening cooperation among United Nations institutions working within the region should be pursued. OECD and UNEP activities on Sustainable Development facilitate regional cooperation. Sub-regional cooperation is increasing and adopting an approach that takes into account, and integrates, environmental, economic and social issues. Strengthening CSD-regional links Many of the items on the agenda of the CSD are also issues of priority for the European region. Where the interests are in parallel, there is a conscious effort to further preparations for the CSD sessions, for example, current support of the EU to prepare for the industry, freshwater and education segments of CSD VI, and of both the ECE and the EU in the areas of capacity-building and transport. More efforts could be made to synchronize or set priorities in the region consistent with the work programme of the CSD. Modalities for exchanges of national information Objective: The most important objective for exchanging national information at the regional level is to add value to the current CSD reporting process, to provide feedback to countries on ways to move forward, and to lay a foundation for further policy formulation and capacity-building. Kind of Information Information to be exchanged would consist of a regional analysis of the national information provided annually to the CSD, coupled with an analysis of other relevant information in the region, such as the Environmental Performance Reviews and the Pan European State of Environment Report. It would NOT involve additional national reporting. Modality This is proposed as a pilot project not only for the European region but also, if possible, for all of the regions. The project would entail the following: ECE, acting as lead organization in cooperation with the other regional organizations of Europe, including non-governmental organizations, would engage the services of a consultant to prepare a background paper for a regional workshop on the exchange of experiences. In addition to the organizations within the region, all of the other Regional Commissions would be invited to participate in this Workshop. The ECE would take responsibility for an ongoing process of analysis. The consultant would: (a) review all country and EU reports submitted to the CSD and other relevant document, as noted above; (b) define an appropriate modality for a comparative analysis of the progress made by the countries; (c) provide an inventory of best practices and, if appropriate, an assessment; (d) review national priorities and provide analysis as to the extent that national priorities coincide with regional priorities and concur with priorities of the CSD. The Workshop, which should be organized in the fourth quarter of 1998, would discuss the background analysis and recommend actions to be taken, with a particular emphasis on policy formulation and capacity-building. The Workshop would also assess the value of the pilot project and suggest the next steps, including, for example, the establishment of a mechanism to assure ongoing implementation and periodicity of the review. The results of the Workshop would be submitted to the seventh session of the CSD, in 1999. IV. LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN GROUP Participants: Ms. Alicia Barcena (UNDP) Ms. Beatrice Edwards (OAS) Ms. Helga Hoffmann (ECLAC) Ms. Len Ishmael (ECLAC-Caribbean) Mr. Arsenio Rodriguez Mercado (UNEP-ROLAC) Mr. Kirk Rodgers (OAS) Ms. Karina Gerlach (DESA/DSD) Role of regional institutions in furthering the implementation of Agenda 21 Enhancing regional cooperation Strengthening CSD-regional links 1. The role of actors at the regional level is to: a. link the global agenda with regional prioraties;. b. to support the various regional fora in further defining the priorities set out in Agenda 21 and to operationalize them; c. to achieve integrated delivery of programmes so as to provide more added value at the national level from the existing efforts. 2. To enhance regional cooperation: a. existing fora should be re-oriented and optimized rather than establishing any new ones; b. the integration and connection of the economic and social aspects of sustainable development should be supported and improved; 3. To strengthen the CSD-regional links the Commission should open a space/"window" for reporting on regional and subregional cooperation. To facilitate this process, those issues of the Commission■s work programme that coincide with regional and sub-regional innovative approaches to the implementation of sustainable development should be identified. The organization in question could then be called upon to report on behalf of its members. 4. A regional CSD forum could be convened by ECLAC; there is a need to decentralize the CSD process. 5. It is suggested that before having another meeting of all regional institutions; preliminary meetings be held in the regions (at the Regional Commissions HQ) with a CSD presence. Modalities for exchanges of national information (ref: Draft Report/rev.1) The ECA/ECE proposal was endorsed with ECLAC acting as a focal point on the understanding that the timing and organizations to be involved might differ from region to region. ANNEX I ILLUSTRATIVE OVERVIEW OF INSTITUTIONAL AND POLICY FRAMEWORKS FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT Asia and the Pacific Policy-making bodies: - Ministerial Conference on Env.& Dev. in Asia and the Pacific (every 5 years); - ESCAP annual sessions at the Ministerial level; - ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Environment; - SACEP Governing Council, SouthPacific Forum-annual Head of Government Meeting, SPC, SPREP, FFA, SOPAC, TCSP annual governing councils -Ministerial Conference of Greater Mekong Subregion Subregional cooperative schemes: - Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN); - South Asia Cooperative Env. Prog. (SACEP); - South Pacific Reg. Env. Prog (SPREP); - North-East Asian Sub-regional Prog. of Env. Cooperation; - Mekong River Commission; - South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) - Interstate Council for the Aral Sea; - Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) Working Group on Environment; - Global Water Partnership-Southeast Asia Technical Advisory Committee; - Coastal and Marine Resources Management in South China Sea Action plans & strategies: -ASEAN Cooperation Plan on Transboundary Pollution (ACPTP); - Regional Haze Action Plan (RHAP); - Regional Action Prog. For Env. Sound and Sust. Dev., 1996-2000; - ASEAN Strategic Plan of Action on the Env. ('94); - South Asian Seas Action Plan; - Framework for North-East Asian Sub-regional Prog. Of Env. Cooperation (SACEP); - 1997-2000 Action Plan for SPREP - Pacific Regional Development Strategy for Forum Island Countries - South Asian Action Plan on Faunal Biodiversity Inter-agency committee: - Inter-agency Committee on Environment and Sustainable Development in Asia and the Pacific; - South Pacific Organisations Coordinating Committee Regional financial institutions/schemes : - Asian Development Bank - South Asian Development Fund Regional centres: - ASEAN Regional Center for Biodiversity Conservation (ARCBC); - ASEAN Specialised Meteorological Center (ASMC) - Asian and Pacific Dev. Centre (APDC); - Asian and Pacific Centre for Transfer of Tech. (APCTT); - Centre for Integrated Rural Dev. for Asia and the Pacific (CIRDAP); - Int■l Centre for Integrated Mountain Dev. (ICIMOD); - UN Centre for Reg. Dev. (UNCRD); - Int■l Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management (ICLARM) - SACEP Environment and Natural Resource Information Center (SENRIC); -Asia-Pacific Center for Environmental Law (APCEL), Singapore; -Center for the Transfer of Environmentally Sound Technology, PRC Regional networks: - Asia Pacific Regional Environmental Network; - Reg. Network of Research and Training Centres on Desertification Control in Asia and the Pacific (DESCONAP); - Asia-Pacific Forum of Env. Journalists (AFEJ); - Reg. Network of Local Authorities for the Management of Human Settlements (CITYNET); - Network for Industrial Env. Management (NIEM); - South Pacific Forum Fisheries Agency (FFA); - Coordinating Body for Southeast Asian Seas (COBSEA); - Pacific Sustainable Development Network Programme (PSDNP) West Asia Policy-making bodies: - Council of Arab Ministers Responsible for the Environment (CAMRE); - the Arab League; - Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC); - Arab Ministerial Conference on Environment and Development Subregional cooperative schemes: - Red Sea and Gulf of Aden Environment Programme Action plans & strategies: - Arab Programmes for Sustainable Development; - Arab Declaration on Environment and Development and Future Projects (1991) - Regional Plan of Action for the Implementation of the Global Programme of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment from Land-Based Activities Joint committee: - Joint Committee on Environment and Development in the Arab Region (JCEDAR) -UN Interagency Meetings active in Western Asia -Committee on Water resources -Committee on Energy -Committee on Social issues -Committee on Transport -Committee on Statistics Regional financial institutions/schemes : - Islamic Development Bank; - Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development; - Arab Monetary Fund; - Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development Regional centres: - Centre for Environment and Development in the Arab Region and Europe (CEDARE); - Arab Centre for the Study of Arid Zones and Dry Lands (ACSAD); Regional networks: - Arab Regional Environment Information Network (AREIN) - ESCWA Regional Water Training Network Africa Policy-making bodies: - Organization of African Unity at the Heads of State level; - African Ministerial Conference on Environment (AMCEN); - African Economic Community Subregional cooperative schemes: - Southern African Development Community (SADC); - Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS); - Economic Commission of Central African States (CEEAC); - Permanent Inter-State Committee for Combating Desertification in the Sahel (CILSS); - Common Market for Eastern and S. Africa (COMESA); - Arab Maghreb Union (AMU) Action plans & strategies: - African Common Position for UNCED; - African Strategies for the implementation of Agenda 21; - African Common Perspectives and Position on the Convention on Biological Diversity; Inter-institutional cooperation: - Joint secretariat for AMCEN: UNEP, ECA and OAU; - Annual meetings of the Chief Executives of OAU, ECA and ADB Regional financial institutions/schemes : - African Development Bank Regional centres: - African Regional Centre for Technology Transfer (ARCTT); - Regional Coordinating Unit for the implementation and follow-up of the International Convention to Combat Desertification Regional networks: - Network for Environment and Sustainable Development in Africa (NESDA); - AMCEN Network on Environmental Education and Training ; - African Network of Environmental Impact Assessment Experts Latin America and the Caribbean Policy-making bodies: - Hemispheric Summit on Sustainable Development - Meetings of Ministers of Environment of LA and the Caribbean (Forum of Ministers) - Inter-American Council for Integral Development (CIDI)/Inter-American Committee for Sustainable Development Subregional cooperative schemes: - Central American Alliance for Sustainable Development; - Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC) based on the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation; - Treaty for Amazonian Cooperation; Action plans & strategies: - Action for the Sustainable Development of the Americas - Inter-American Program for Sustainable Development; - Greater Amazonia Agenda 21 Inter-agency cooperation: - Inter-Agency Task Force to Support Implementation of the Plan of Action of the Summit on Sustainable Development Regional financial institutions/schemes : - Inter-American Development Bank; - Caribbean Development Bank; - Andean Development Cooperation; - Central American Bank for Economic Integration; - Regional Fund for Agricultural Technology Regional institutions: - Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture Regional networks: - Hemispheric Network for Sustainable Development in the Americas Europe Policy-making bodies: - Ministerial Conference on Pan European Environment; - EU Council of Ministers Advisory bodies: - Committee on Environmental Policy of ECE; - High-level Advisory Group on the Environment of OECD; - Advisory Board to the ECE Committee on Human Settlements Subregional cooperative schemes: - Mediterranean Commission on Sustainable Development; - Black Sea Environmental Program (BSEP); - Baltic 21; - Nordic Council of Ministers - The Helsinki Commission for the Protectino of the Baltic Sea Action plans & strategies: - EU's Fifth Programme of Policy and Action in Relation to the Environment and Sustainable Development; - Environmental Programme for Europe (EPE) Inter-agency cooperation: - European Environmental and Health Committee; - Task Force for Implementation of National Environmental Action Plans Regional financial institutions/schemes: - European Investment Bank; - Nordic Investment Bank - EU Structural Funds and Cohesion Programmes; - European Bank for Reconstruction and Development Regional institutions: - European Commission (EC); - European Environment Agency; - Regional Environmental Center Regional fora & networks: - EU■s European Consultative Forum on the Environment and Sustainable Development; - EU Sustainable Cities Network Annex II ASIA AND THE PACIFIC Priorities identified through different mechanisms Regional Action Prog. adopted by the Ministerial Conference on Env. & Dev. Objectives: 1) Pollution reduction, prevention and control, and enhancement of environmental quality 2) Conservation and management of natural resources and ecosystems 3) Sustainable development policy improvement 4) Sustainable development indicators and assessment Programme areas: - Air quality - Water quality - Toxic chemicals & hazardous wastes - Urban environmental issues - Energy - Forests - Biodiversity - Coastal and marine env. - Desertification and land degradation - Wetlands and lakes - Integrated mountain dev. - Imp. of env. conventions - Institutions and legislation - Environmental standards - Env. Impact and risk assess. - Use of economic instruments - Trade and env. policies - Natural resource accounting - Combating poverty - National strategies & action plans - Environmental education, awareness & training - SD indicators - Environment & natural resource ASEAN Strategic Plan of Action on Environment (1994-1998) Objectives: 1) To respond to specific recommendations of Agenda 21 requiring priority action in ASEAN 2) To introduce policy measures and promote institutional development that encourage the integration of environmental factors in all developmental processes both at the national and regional level; 3) To establish long-term goals on environmental quality and work towards harmonised environmental quality standards for the ASEAN region; 4) To harmonise policy directions and enhance operational and technical cooperation on environmental matters, and undertake joint actions to address common environmental problems; 5) To study the implications of AFTA on the environment and take steps to integrate sound trade policies with sound environmental policies. Strategies: 1) Dev. of regional framework for integrating env. and dev. concerns in decision-making; 2) Promotion of gov-private sector interactions; 3) Strengthening knowledge and information data bases; 4) Strengthening of institutional and legal capacities for implementation; 5) Establishment of a regional framework on biodiversity conservation; 6) Promotion and management of coastal zones; 7) Development of environmentally sound technologies. 8) Promotion of environmentally sound management of toxic chemicals and hazardous wastes, and control of transboundary movement of hazardous waste; 9) Promotion of regional activities that strengthen the role of major groups in sustainable development. 10)Strengthening of the coordinative mechanism for the implementation and management of regional environment programmes. SACEP Programme Activities Objectives: 1) To promote and support the protection, management and enhancement of the environment, both natural and human, of the countries of South Asia, individually, collectively, and cooperatively; 2) To make judicious use of the resources of the environment towards removal of poverty, reduction of socio-economic disparity, improve the quality of life, and prosperity on a containing basis; 3) To make the fullest use of the organizational arrangements and facilities for cooperation under SACEP. Broad priority areas: 1) Capacity building and awareness raising; 2) Systematic information exchange and intra-regional technology transfer; 3) Environmental management for training and institutional development for training; 4) Regional cooperation in management plans for mountain ecosystems/watersheds and coastal resources; 5) Wildlife and wildlife habitat conservation in the region. Priority subject matter areas: - Env. impact assess. & cost/benefit analysis - Env. quality standards - Technology for development of renewable and reusable resources - Environmental legislation - Conservation of montane ecosystems and watersheds - Social forestry - Regional cooperation in wildlife and genetic resources conservation - Conservation of coral, mangroves, deltas, coastal areas - Island ecosystems - Tourism and environment - Desertification - Regional Seas Programme - Energy and environment - Education and training - Training in wildlife management 1997-2000 Action Plan of SPREP Objectives: 1) To build national capacities in environment and resource management to improve and protect the environment; 2)To achieve rapid progress on economic reform and the sustainable management of natural resources. Focused areas: -Conservation of biological diversity; -Climate change and integrated coastal zone management; -Waste management and pollution emergencies; -Environmental management; planning and institutional strengthening; - Environmental education, information and training. Other priorities of the region: -Protection of oceans and seas; -Freshwater resources; -Natural disaster reduction; -Sustainable tourism; -Renewable energy North-East Asian sub-regional environmental cooperation Objectives: 1) Energy and air pollution; 2) Ecosystem management, in particular deforestation and desertification 3) Capacity building Annex III WEST ASIA Priorities identified through different mechanisms Arab Programmes for Sustainable Development Objectives: - To develop institutional and human resource capacities; - To improve the level of development sustainability. Programme areas: - Combating desertification and increasing the Green area in the Arab region; - Combating industrial pollution; - Environmental education and awareness; - Marine environment and coastal areas; - Development and rational use of water resources; - Sustainable development of nomadic areas; - Human settlements; - Institutional dev. and capacity building; - Establishment of environmental information network; - Human resources development and institutional support; - Conservation of biodiversity; - Development of environmentally sound technologies; - Protection of historical monuments and cultural heritage. Joint Committee on Environment and Development in the Arab Region (JCEDAR) Objectives: - Enhancing cooperation and achieving the highest degree of coordination between the League of Arab States and its specialized organizations, the UN and international organizations; - Achieving the objectives set out in the Arab Declaration on Environment and Development Areas of joint activities: - Desertification; - Industrial pollution; - Environmental education and awareness Annex IV LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN Priorities identified through different mechanisms Plan of Action for the Sustainable Development of the Americas. Aims: 1) Building partnerships among the countries of the Americas to address pressing needs; 2) Investing in the natural capital to ensure healthy and steady economic growth; 3) Building strong institutions to ensure competitiveness and enhance efficiency; 4) Strengthening human assets by constantly creating and improving opportunities to elevate the quality of life. Areas for specific initiatives for action: - Health and education - Sustainable agriculture and forests - Sustainable cities and communities - Water resources and coastal areas - Energy and Minerals - Strengthening institutional arrangements and legal frameworks - Financing - Science and technology transfer - Public participation Inter-American Program for Sustainable Development Objectives: - Serving as a hemispheric forum for promoting dialogue and coordinating advances in the area of sustainable development; - Supporting the exchange of information on matters relating to sustainable development and facilitating the direct exchange of experiences among countries, institutions, and organizations that are working in these areas; - Acting as a partner in cooperation matters relating to sustainable development in areas where it has comparative advantage. Priority areas at the sectoral level: - Health and education - Sustainable agriculture and forests - Sustainable cities and communities - Water resources and coastal areas - Energy and Mining Implementation and follow-up mechanisms: - Financing - Science and technology transfer - Public participation Greater Amazonia Agenda 21 Objectives: - To generate priority initiatives containing the changes in legislation and regulations, and proposals of new plans, programs and projects, selected by the relevant parties engaged in the process; - To stimulate the building up of national Agendas 21 in the Amazonian Cooperation Treaty countries, as well as local Agendas 21 in the Region. Priority initiatives: IN THE PROCESS OF IDENTIFICATION Central American Alliance for Sustainable Development General Objectives: - To build a model of sustainable political, economic, social, cultural and env. dev. within the framework of Agenda 21; - To manage the territory in a sustainable and integrated manner to ensure the conservation of the region■s biodiversity; - To inform the int■l community of the Alliance and of the importance and reciprocal benefits of supporting this sustainable Central American model; - To foster conditions for capacity-building and participation of society in improving the quality of life. Environmental objectives: - To harmonize and modernize env. parameters, legislation and pertinent national institutions; - To lower the levels of air, water and soil pollution; - To save, study and use the biodiversity of the region and to promote dev. of biological corridors and protected areas; - To enhance capabilities for regulating, monitoring and enforcing env. norms and for classifying env. violations; - To incorporate env. Issues into formal and informal education systems for awareness-raising; - To reduce deforestation and promote reforestation; - To manage watersheds to protect the quality and supply of water resources; - To foster regionwide discussion of common policies on env. sound products, green stamps and env. Impact studies; - To promote SD projects in border areas. North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation Aims: - To complement the environmental provisions established in the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA); - To address regional environmental concerns; To help prevent potential trade and environmental conflicts; - To promote the effective enforcement of environmental law. Annex V AFRICA Priorities identified through different mechanisms African Ministerial Conference on Environment (AMCEN) Objectives: - To provide a continent-wide political leadership on environmental issues in furtherance of the goals and objectives of the Treaty establishing the African Economic Community by promoting the implementation of major sustainable development initiatives; - To play dynamic role and acting as a coordinating institution for discussing, monitoring and reviewing national, subregional, regional and international efforts relating to environment and sustainable development; and - To provide policy impetus for addressing the environmental aspects of the decisions of key African organizations such as the OAU and ECA and major global bodies on the environment. Priorities agreed in 1997 for addressing poverty and environmental degradation: - Capacity-building at national level; - Environmentally sound management of terrestrial ecosystems and their resources; - Environmentally sound management of freshwater resources; - Environmentally sound management of hazardous and all types of waste and toxic chemicals; - Environmentally sound management of marine and coastal areas, including island ecosystems; - Promoting human welfare, environment and development; - Managing the environmental impacts of climate change and climate variability; - Securing greater energy efficiency and sufficiency; - Monitoring and assessing the state of the African environment; - Promotion of subregional and regional cooperation; - Promoting the role of major groups in Africa■s environmental management; - Mobilization of support for the implementation of Africa■s environment programme at the national subregional and regional levels. South African Development Community (SADC) Objectives: - Achieve development and economic growth, alleviate poverty, enhance the standard and quality of life of the peoples of Southern Africa and support the socially disadvantaged through regional integration; - Achieve complementarity between national and regional strategies and programmes; - Achieve sustainable utilization of natural resources and effective protection of the environment; - Evolve common political values, systems and institutions; - Promote self-sustaining development on the basis of collective self-reliance, and the inter-dependence of member states; - Promote and maximize productive employment and utilization of the resources of the region; - Strengthen and consolidate the long-standing historical, social and cultural affinities and links among the peoples of the region; - Promote and defend peace and security. Priorities (each member state oversees an economic sector): - Energy; - Agricultural research, livestock production and animal disease control; - Tourism, environment and land management; - Inland fisheries, forestry and wildlife; - Culture and information, transport and communications; - Marine fisheries and resources; - Finance and investment; - Human resources development; - Industry and trade; - Mining, employment and labour; - Food, agriculture and natural resources. Annex VI EUROPE Priorities identified through different mechanisms Fifth EC Environmental Action Programme Broad Objectives: -Integration of environment into other policies; -Focus on agents and activities which deplete natural resources and damage the environment; -Initiate changes in trends and practices detrimental to the environment; -Achieve changes through optimum involvement of all sectors of society in spirit of shared responsibility; -Broaden range of instruments used to address problems Based on long-term objectives, targets and time tables. Required instruments: -Legislation to set environmental standards; -Economic instruments to encourage responsible use of natural resources, avoidance of pollution and waste; -Horizontal support measures (information, education, research); -Financial support measures Priority areas (1997-200) -Improved integration of environment into other policies e.g. agriculture, transport,energy, industry and tourism; -Use of wider range of policy instruments like market-based instruments or horizontal instruments; -Increased implementation and enforcement measures by improved and simplified legislation; -Additional action in the field of communication and information to raise the public awareness; -Reinforcement of the Union■s role in international action. Environmental Programme for Europe Objectives: -To act as a model of efficient, cooperating actions and integrated approaches to the objectives of sustainable development; -To raise awareness of the various social actors regarding the sustainability issues at stake; -To help catalyse progress towards the goals, objectives and targets presented in the European Fifth Environmental Programme. 4 key modules of focus up to 1996: AFR-agriculture, food, retail and solid waste; SMAI-sustainability management and audit instruments; TCU-private-public transport, communications, urban issues; TLN-tourism, leisure, nature protection, agritourism Current focus: -Environmental management; -European multi-stakeholder alliances. Modules on: -Environmental management; -Transport; -Tourism; -Public procurement; -Trade; -Agri-food; -Water; -Building quality; -Employment... Agenda MED 21 of Mediterranean Commission on Sustainable Development Objectives: -To draw up a strategic assessment of the implementation of Agenda MED 21 by the Contracting Parties over a four-year period. (1st assessment expected in the year 2000) Focus for 1997-1999: -Sustainable management of coastal zones; -Sustainable indicators; Eco-tourism; -Information; -Promotion of awareness and involvement; -Free trade and the environment; -Industry and sustainable development; -Water resource management; -Management of urban and rural development; Baltic 21 Mandates: -To develop an Agenda 21, a common regional action programme for sustainable development, for the Baltic Sea Region; -To assist governments to develop a suitable framework for evolving a Baltic 21, with a focus of seven main sectors emphasizing the environmental and regional perspective Aims for Action Programmes: -Increased people-to-people cooperation and civic security; -Economic co-ordination and co-operating; -Strengthened environmental protection Sectors of focus: -Agriculture; -Energy; -Fisheries; -Forestry; -Industry; -Tourism; -Transports Other sectors covered: -Urban environment -Coastal zones; -Water; -Health,etc. Annex VII LIST OF PARTICIPANTS Regional Commissions 1) Ms. Paulina Makinwa-Adebusoye Chief, Food Security and Sustainable Development Div. ECA Africa Hall P.O. Box 3001 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Fax: (251 1) 514416/515832; Tel: (251 1) 51 04 06/ 517200-33437 e-mail: Makinwa-Adebusoye@un.org 2) Mr. Ita Ekanem Senior Economic Affairs Officer Food Security and Sustainable Development Division ECA Fax: (251 1) 514416; Tel: (251 1) 516230 e-mail: Ita_Ekanem@un.org 3) Mr. Kaj Barlund Director, Environment and Human Settlements Division ECE Palais des Nations 1211 Geneva 10 Switzerland Fax: (41 22) 917 0107; Tel: (4122) 9172370 e-mail: barlund@unece 4) Mr. David Dreiblatt Senior Economic Affairs Officer Environment and Human Settlements Division ECE Fax:(4122) 907 0107; Tel: (4122) 917 2359 e-mail: dreiblatt@unece 5) Dr. Len Ishmael Director ECLAC Subregional Headquarters for the Caribbean 63 Park Street P.O. Box 1113 Port-of-Spain Trinidad and Tobago Fax: (868) 623 8485 / 627 8249; Tel: (868) 623 5595 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org 6) Dr. Helga Hoffmann Chief, Environment and Development Div. ECLAC Casilla 179-D Santiago, Chile Fax: (562) 208 1946/8485; Tel: (562) 210 2291 e-mail: email@example.com 7) Mr. Omar Touqan Officer-in-Charge Energy, Natural Resources and Environment Division ESCWA P.O. Box No. 11-8575 Beirut, Lebanon Fax: (961 1) 981510/11/12; Tel: (961 1) 981301 /311 /401 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org 8) Mr. Guangchang Shi Director, Environment and Natural Resources Management Division ESCAP Rajdamnern Avenue Bangkok, Thailand Fax: (66 2) 288-1059/288-1000; Tel: (66 2) 2881510 / 2829617 e-mail: email@example.com UNEP Regional Offices 9) Ms. Joanne Fox-Przeworski Director UNEP Regional Office for North America (RONA) 2 UN Plaza, Room DC2-0803 New York, NY 10017 Fax: (212) 963 4114/6/734; Tel: (212) 963-8138 e-mail:3310) Mr. Makram Gerges Director and Regional Representative UNEP Regional Office for West Asia (ROWA) P.O. Box 10880 Manama, State of Bahrain Fax: (973) 276 075; Tel: (973) 276 072 e-mail:firstname.lastname@example.org 11) Mr. Arsenio Rodriguez Mercado Director and Regional Representative UNEP Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean (ROLAC) Blvd. De los Virreyes No. 155 Lomas Virreyes 111000 Mexico D.F. Fax: (52 5) 202 0950; Tel: (52 5) 202 6913 e-mail: email@example.com 12) Ms. Maria da braca de Amorim Director and Regional Representative UNEP Regional Office for Africa (ROA) P.O. Box 30552 Nairobi, Kenya Fax: (254 2) 623 928 / 226 886; Tel: (254 2) 624283/4 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org UNDP Regional Bureaux 13) Mr. Gana Fofang Policy Adviser on Environmental Protection and Regeneration UNDP Africa 1 UN Plaza 24 Fl., New York, NY Fax: (212) 906-5423/5974; Tel: (212) 906-5989 e-mail:email@example.com 14) Mr. Jerzy Szeremeta Chief, Division for Regional Programme, Policy Analysis and Support UNDP Regional Bureau for Arab States One UN Plaza, Rm. DC1-2230, New York, NY 10017 Fax: (212) 906-5487/6926; Tel: (212) 906-5477 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org 15) Mr. Stephen Browne Head, Regional Programme and Policy division of the Asia and Pacific Bureau UNDP Asia Pacific 1 UN Plaza, Rm. 2304, New York, NY 10017 Fax: (212) 906-5825 / 5898; Tel: (212) 906-5849 e-mail:email@example.com 16) Ms. Josyane Chapelier Chief, Division for Eastern and Central Europe UNDP Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 304 East 45th Street, 4th Fl., New York, NY Fax: (212) 906-6267 / 6595; Tel: (212) 906-5469 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org 17) Ms. Alicia Barcena Chief, Technical Adviser for the Regional Environment Programme for RBLAC UNDP Latin America and Caribbean Boulevard de Virreyes 155 Lomas de Virreyes 11000 Mexico D.F. Fax: (525) 2024841; Tel: (525) 2020950 e-mail:abarcena@ROLAC.UNEP.MX or alicia.BARCENA@UNDP.ORG.MX 18) Ms. Karen Jorgensen Assistent Director, Sustainable Environment and Energy Division UNDP New York 304 East 45 th Street, Rm FF-1010, New York Fax: (212) 906 6973; Tel: (212) 906-5008 e-mail: email@example.com 19) Mr. Sean Southey SEED/Capacity21 UNDP New York Rm FF 1026 Fax: (212) 906 6973 e-mail:firstname.lastname@example.org World Bank 20) Ms. Joan Martin-Brown Adviser, Office of the Vice President Environmentally Sustainable Development The World Bank Room S-7039, 1818 H Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20433 Fax: (202) 473 3112; Tel: (202) 473-2310 e-mail:email@example.com Regional Development Banks 21) Mr. Gil Nolet Legal Specialist, Environment Division Inter-American Development Bank (IADB) 1300 New York Ave., Washington, D.C. 20577 Fax: (202) 623 1708; Tel: (202) 623 1786 22) Mr. Yogesh Vyas Principal Environmentalist African Development Bank 01 B.P. 1387 Abidjan 01, Cote d■Ivoire Fax: (225) 20 50 33; Tel: (225) 20 48 26 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org 23) Dr . Kazi F. Jalal Chief, Office of Environment and Social Development Asian Development Bank P.O. Box 789 0980 Manila, Philippines Fax: (63 2) 741-7961; Tel: (63-2) 632-5531/5533 e-mail: Regional IGOs 24) Mr. Kirk Rodgers Director, Unit for Sustainable Development Organization of American States (OAS) Washington, D.C. Fax: (202) 458 3560; Tel: e-mail:K.Rodgers@OAS.ORG 25) Dr. Beatrice Edwards Senior Specialist, Unit for Social Development and Education Organization of American States (OAS) Washington, D.C. Fax: (202) 458 3149; Tel: (202) 458-3301 e-mail: BEdwards@oas.org 26) Mr. Edward E. Clinton Head, Environment and the Conservation of Natural Resources Division Organization of African Unity (OAU) P.O. Box 3243 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Fax: (251-1)512622; Tel: (251-1) 151587 / 517700 ext. 180 e-mail: 27) Mr. B. Leleka Environment and Land Management Sector Unit Southern African Development Community (SADC) Maseru100, Lesotho Fax: (266) 312158/311312; Tel: (266) 310190 e-mail:email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org 28) Mr. Apichai Sunchindah Environment Functional Cooperation Bureau Assistant Director Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) P.O. Box 2072 Jakarta, Indonesia Fax: (62 21) 739 8234 / 724 3504; Tel: (62 21) 726 2991 / 724 3372, ext. 339 e-mail: email@example.com 29) Mr. Gerald Miles Head, Environmental Management and Planning South Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) P.O. Box 240 Apia, Western Samoa Fax: (685) 20231; Tel: (685) 21929 e-mail:SPREP@samoa.net 30) Mr. Hussain Shihab Director South Asia Cooperative Environment Programme (SACEP) 10 Anderson Road, Off Dickmans Road Colombo 5, Sri Lanka Fax: (94 1) 589 369; Tel: (94 1) 596 442 e-mail: hs firstname.lastname@example.org 31) Mr. Robert Hull Head of Unit, Environment Policy Coordination, integration of environment into other policies, environmental action programmes European Commission Rue de la Loi 200 (BU-5) B-1049 Brussels Fax: 32-2-299-0895; Tel: 32-2-299-2263 e-mail:email@example.com 32) Ms. Lee A. Kimball Consultant 1517 P Street, NW #3 Washington, D.C. 20005 Fax: 202-234-0112; Tel: 202-234-6264 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org UN Secretariat 33) Mr. Kenneth G. Ruffing, Officer-in-Charge Division for Sustainable Development, DESA United Nations, 2 UN Plaza, Rm. 2210 New York, NY 10017 Fax: (212) 963-4260; Tel: (212) 963-4669 e-mail: email@example.com 34) Mr. Lowell Flanders, Assistant Director INIMG Br., Div. For Sustainable Development,DESA United Nations, 2 UN Plaza, Rm. 2242 New York, NY 10017 Fax: (212) 963-1267; Tel: (212) 963-8792 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org 35) Ms. Mary Pat Silveira, Chief National Information Analysis Unit DSS/DESA United Nations, 2 UN Plaza, Rm. 2234 New York, NY 10017 Fax: (212) 963-1267; Tel: (212) 963-8428 e-mail: email@example.com 36) Ms. Hiroko Morita-Lou, Sustainable Development Officer DSD/DESA United Nations, 2 UN Plaza, Rm. 2250 New York, NY 10017 Fax: (212) 963-1267; Tel: (212) 963-8813 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org 37) Ms. Karina Gerlach, Environmental Affairs Officer DSD/DESA United Nations, 2 UN Plaza, Rm. 2236 New York, NY 10017 Fax: (212) 963-1267; Tel: (212) 963-5858 Notes 1/ In the context of this meeting, -regional institutions included regional, sub-regional organizations, both within and outside the UN system, and other actors at the regional level.
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Date last posted: 8 December 1999 15:15:30