COMMISSION ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT Fourth Session 18 April - 3 May 1996 BACKGROUD PAPER No. 11 Report of the Meeting of Regional Institutions (New York, 6-7 December, 1995) 1. The Meeting of Regional Institutions on matters related to sustainable development and the follow-up to UNCED was organized by the DPCSD and was held at the United Nations Headquarters on 6-7 December, 1995. The list of participants and annotated agenda of the meeting are contained in Annexes III and IV to this report. 2. The meeting was opened by Mr. Nitin Desai, Under-Secretary- General for Policy Coordination and Sustainable Development. Ms. Joke Waller-Hunter, Director of the Division for Sustainable Development, chaired the meeting. 3. The following are the main conclusions and agreements reached at the meeting. Regional follow-up to UNCED 4. The Chairman summarized the discussion by noting that there have been ministerial level meetings in all of the regions as follow-up to UNCED and as a means to identify regional priorities for programmes, including at the national level to implement the UNCED outcomes and the results of the various meetings of the Commission on Sustainable Development. These are mainly meetings of ministers concerned with the environment. There are also initiatives to convene meetings of ministers for sustainable development, e.g. in Africa where these meetings will alternate with meetings of environment ministers. More important than the ministerial composition of these meetings, however, is the way the agenda is shaped and focused. It is important that the agenda go beyond environmental issues to include those of sustainable development when dealing with resource management issues, e.g. through a change of emphasis from conservation of resources to their sustainable use. While the importance of the larger, high profile ministerial meetings was recognized by all participants, the large number of smaller, less visible meetings taking place in all regions, particularly at the technical level, to foster concrete implementation of regional projects and programmes was considered equally important. 5. The need for a regional focus for sustainable development was well recognized and the importance of the regional commissions and the regional offices of UNEP in providing such a regional focus was acknowledged. All the Regional Commissions have programmes for the environment or sustainable development resulting from various ministerial meetings. There is increasing integration of activities at the regional level with more active cooperation among various international and regional institutions. Institutions appear to be more frequently working together and the levels of funding for environment and sustainable development, particularly from the regional banks are increasing. 6. Regional banks increasingly promote sustainable development objectives. Their funding reacts to changes in requests from national governments. Bank lending polices appear to be only indirectly linked to the various ministerial conferences, with the exception in the ECE region of the implementation of the Environment for Europe Programme and the Action Programme for Central and Eastern Europe.The policy directives of the ministerial conferences are generally aimed at promoting institutional development and capacity building at the national level whereas bank funding is more frequently also directed towards infrastructural projects. 7. It was also felt that the regional ministerial conferences have frequently addressed problems at the national level. Problems that are regional in scope are taken up through other mechanisms, e.g. regional and sub-regional conventions and programmes such as the regional seas programme and agreements for transboundary pollution control. The importance of sub-regional cooperation, particularly in a large region like ESCAP, was stressed. Environmental side agreements to subregional agreements (e.g. NAFTA) provided another new means for cooperation. 8. It was noted that monitoring of environmental performance is fairly well developed in the ESCAP and ECE regions which produce periodic State of the Environment Reports, but is less systematically pursued in other regions. It was felt that there is need for a new approach to systematic data collection by all countries in the respective regions. It was noted that the State of the Environment Report for the ECE region is done by an organization outside the UN, i.e., the European Environment Agency. 9. Concern was expressed by various participants about the proliferation of national reporting requirements at the regional and international level under the various conventions, as a result of follow-up to the many UN conferences and in the CSD process itself. The Chairman noted that as regards the reporting to the CSD and reporting requirements to other UN governing bodies and under the UNCED related Conventions, concerted efforts are being made through IACSD and other fora to find ways to streamline national reporting requirements in order to avoid duplication and overlap and to reduce the burden on countries. Much more work and subsequent consultation is needed however to define modalities for national reporting and it is hoped that by the 1997 review some definite decisions could be made by CSD and other organs in this regard. 10. Several participants noted that while many of their activities are related to UNCED follow-up, not all of them derive from that process. Many programmes were either initiated or ongoing before UNCED. The Rio process was in some cases a pause to take stock. It was felt however that UNCED provided an important impetus for the entire system and marked a real qualitative shift in the emphasis of UN system projects and programmes. Links between the work of the regions and the CSD process are rather limited, with the exception of ESCAP where the agenda of its Commission on Environment and Sustainable Development follows closely the CSD agenda. Regional issues 11. In summarizing the discussion on regional cooperation, the Chairman noted that there are many activities at the sub-regional level that address transboundary issues. They pertain inter alia to desertification, ocean and sea related issues, shared river basins and transboundary air pollution. Activities are aimed at rehabilitation of environmental degradation or and increasingly so - at the joint management of natural resources. Regional conventions are important tools for these initiatives and provide a means for addressing transboundary problems. 12. Action related to oceans and regional seas is often of a regional character. In addition to regional conventions, UNEP's Regional Seas Program is an important basis for action and cooperation among various institutions. Funding of the regional seas programme is problematic. It was felt that the experience with GEF-funding for international waters and its impact on the funding for the regional seas programmes, often through trust funds, should be closely monitored. The recently adopted Washington Programme of Action on Land Based Sources of Marine Pollution will undoubtedly provide a strong incentive for enhanced regional activities. 13. Various new initiatives related to shared ecosystems were mentioned e.g. with respect to the Caspian and Aral seas. The approach builds upon the experience gained with the joint management of river basins. The main constraints when dealing with programmes aimed at joint management of transboundary resources were identified as the difficulty of reaching a political consensus and financing. To be successful, it was felt that these activities should be focused on a small cluster of countries, should identify a common interest or common resource among the countries and should have a clear national focus in terms of the interests of each participating country. 14. Transboundary air pollution has been successfully addressed by ECE through a variety of protocols to the Convention on Long Range Transboundary Air Pollution and cooperation is proceeding between ECE and ESCAP (which have also overlapping membership) on this issue. Transboundary air pollution was not identified as a particular priority in regions other than ECE and ESCAP, warranting a regional convention to deal with the issues. 15. It was noted that there are regional cooperation activities underway to advance the implementation of global conventions, but that the global conventions should include specific provisions to facilitate action at the regional level. This problem needs attention in the CSD context. The Basel convention and the Montreal Protocol were cited as two examples where regional cooperation is playing an important role in their implementation. 16. The regional commissions and the regional offices of UNEP were invited to submit brief relevant case studies on experience they have related to the chapters of Agenda 21 on oceans and atmosphere that will be discussed at the forthcoming session of the CSD. These case studies have been compiled and attached as Annex I to the present report. Good examples of regional cooperation on other issues are reflected in Annex II. 1997 Special Session of the General Assembly 17. The participants were briefed on the current state of the preparations for the Special Session and the expected results of the discussions at the t session of the General Assembly on the format, scope and preparatory arrangements for the Special Session. The meeting took note that the draft resolution on that issue calls for "relevant regional and sub-regional organizations to consider undertaking reviews of progress achieved since UNCED at the national, sub-regional, regional and interregional levels with a view to contributing to the preparations for the special session" and "welcomes the preparation of hemispheric, regional and sub-regional conferences on sustainable development, and in this context invites the governments concerned to contribute to the special session the outcomes of these conferences". 18. It was felt that the regional institutions could and should contribute to the preparations of the special session. However, due to current budgetary constraints, this process would need to rely largely on recent, on-going and planned activities, processes and conferences. 19. In Europe and North America, the outcome of the Sofia Ministerial Meeting of Countries of the ECE region will be considered at the January, 1996 meeting of Committee on Environmental Policy, inter alia, from the point of view of making a contribution to the preparations for 1997. 20. In the Latin America and Caribbean Region the contribution to the special session would be considered in the context of the follow-up to the Havana Meeting held in September, 1995. It would also be important to coordinate relevant work with the preparations for the Hemispheric Summit in Bolivia in the Fall of 1996 under the auspices of OAS. 21. In Western Asia contacts will be made with ESCWA and the League of Arab States to explore possible contribution of the region to the special session, possibly through organizing in early 1996 a special meeting devoted to this issue. 22. In Africa the issue will be brought to the attention of forthcoming Ministerial Conferences in December, 1995 and in February, 1996 with a view to elaborating a common approach to the special session. It was suggested that ECA could coordinate this work with UNEP's ROA, AfDB and OAU. 23. In the ESCAP region the issue will be considered in the context of the recently concluded Ministerial Conference on Environment and Sustainable Development and the preparations for the next meeting of ESCAP Committee on Environment and Sustainable Development in October 1996. 24. It was agreed that the next meeting of IACSD that will be held in February, 1996 in New York and will discuss in detail the preparations for the 1996 will provide a good opportunity to decide on ways and means of integrating the regional experiences and perspectives in the documentation for the Special Session. In this context it was felt that it would be essential for the UN Regional Commissions to be represented at this meeting. 25. The fourth session of the CSD in April 1996 could be also informed of the relevant regional initiatives. 26. It was also felt that it would be important to ensure that all regional inputs in the special session be available in advance of the 1997 sessions of the CSD's Working Group and CSD itself (February and April respectively) that will serve as an intergovernmental preparatory mechanism for the Special Session with a view to enhancing their impact on the discussions of the final document of the special session. 27. Concern was raised on the need to avoid in the future the situation which occurred in 1994 when the reports prepared by the Regional Commissions for the CSD in accordance with the request of the GA, where not processed as official documents and their impact was thus marginalized. Follow-up to 1997 28. The participants identified the need for a more decentralized approach after 1997, so that regional priorities can be better pursued. Reinforcement of efforts which have started or were enhanced after UNCED is needed, and this must be carried out in a more coordinated manner within the UN system as well as with outside partners. 29. In some regions where Regional Action Plans have been adopted on the basis of Agenda 21, follow-up efforts would be focused on the implementation of such Plans which stipulate regional priorities and actions to be taken. In other regions, better defining of the issues and outlining regional priorities are still part of the ongoing process and require a major effort in capacity building. 30. Regional Commissions may wish to take the lead after 1997 in monitoring national progress in the implementation of Agenda 21 and related agreements, and report these to the CSD. The Environmental Performance Reviews undertaken by OECD could serve as a model for monitoring progress in individual countries. The Sofia Declaration invites ECE to undertake similar exercise for non-OECD countries in Europe. This exercise, however, is time- and resource-intensive. For other regions, alternative models might need to be explored. Peer review is an important element of the review process. Indicators for sustainable development 31. Monitoring and evaluation of the progress in implementing Agenda 21 is closely related to the work on developing indicators for sustainable development. The meeting was informed about the CSD programme of work on indicators and of regional initiatives. 32. ECE is closely monitoring the OECD work on indicators. After a recently finished 3 years programme, ECLAC wishes to link future work in this field to that of the CSD work programme on indicators and with such issues as economic instruments. ESCAP has recently formulated a project document on environmentally sustainable development indicators, which is designed to develop and test indicators for the region using inputs from the UN system. An inter-agency working group meeting is foreseen in June 1996 and a regional workshop in August 1996. In Africa, work on indicators would require substantial capacity building efforts. 33. Regional Commissions generally wish to closely follow future developments in the work related to indicators for sustainable development. It was felt that indicators for sustainable development could provide a framework for a regional role in the Rio follow-up. Their work on and the implementation of the CSD work programme could be made mutually reinforcing. Future interaction 34. This meeting was considered a good starting point for strengthening contacts and cooperation in the future. The participants agreed to continue the exchange of views both in formal and informal ways. One possibility could be if each regional institution would post one page project profiles in the Internet to keep others informed and to allow for compilation (cf the World Bank model). 35. The regional institutions present at the meeting are encouraged to be represented at the CSD and IACSD sessions. 36. It was agreed that this report will be made available to the IACSD and the Bureau of CSD, and subsequently, if appropriate, to the CSD. ANNEX I REGIONAL CASE STUDIES ON ATMOSPHERE ESCAP region 1) Asia Least-Cost Green House Gas Abatement Strategy (ALGAS) The ALGAS project, carried out in cooperation with the Asian Development Bank (ADB), is designed to assist the 12 participating countries in preparing an inventory of man-made emissions and sinks of greenhouse gases (GHGs), evaluating the costs and effectiveness of measures available to reduce greenhouse gas emissions or enhance sinks, and developing national action plans and policy responses that will be required to implement the measures that are identified. The ALGAS project is assisting the countries (Bangladesh, China, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, India, Indonesia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Pakistan, Philippines, Republic of Korea, Thailand and Viet Nam) in improving estimates of the emissions and sinks of the principal greenhouse gases, and in undertaking economic, technological, and environmental analyses of options for reducing future emissions and enhancing sinks. The training of professionals in the countries to carry out the work is an important element of the project. The project commenced in 1995 and is expected to be completed by 1997. 2) Energy and Air Pollution The main objective of the project undertaken in North-East Asia, is to enhance human and organizational capacities for the protection of the atmosphere by improving the efficiency and operational management of coal fired power plants and environmental monitoring. It is also intended to promote regional cooperation on energy and air pollution issues among the countries of the region. The thrust of the project is to improve efficiency of power plants, reduce air pollutants from coal-fired power plants and enhance environmental monitoring capabilities through regional cooperation. The implementation of the project will be in a series of steps as follows: a) Organize conference to electric utility plant operation experts to identify policies to encourage pre-combustion sulphur removal and coal preparation, technical and policy constraints to coal preparation, principal problems of operation, maintenance and equipment shortage and specific power plants for study and demonstration; b) Undertake remedial action to improve coal quality and maintenance problems at each selected power plant campuses and training of trainers; c) Introduce appropriate efficiency improving and anti- pollution upgrade and retrofit equipments and train operation and maintenance technicians; d) Prepare an inventory of demonstrated technologies, encourage countries to adopt clean coal combustion and post combustion technologies for air pollution abatement and accelerate the pace of technology transfer and operations know how; e) Improve environmental monitoring by augmenting and standardizing the collection and intercalibration of air and water pollution data through development of approaches to ensure international comparability, identification of data gaps and ways to augment data collection, training of technical and scientific personnel, identifying equipment needs and funding sources and selecting models to represent regional transport and deposition of pollutants. 3) Case study on Urban Air Pollution ESCAP has initiated a case study to review air pollution status in the major cities of the region. The study is to analyze the data on air pollution collected from selected major cities of the region, identify the gaps in data collection, assess impacts of air pollution on economy, human health and develop guideline and methodologies for mitigation options and framework for establishment of network on data and information dissemination to promote awareness and to enhance capacities of the countries in the region. The findings of the case study will be published and distributed to the member countries for awareness and action. REGIONAL CASE STUDY ON OCEAN ESCAP region: Coastal industrial development In 1990-91, ESCAP conducted a pilot project in the Eastern Sea Board of Thailand. The project involved the application, calibration and validation of a state-of-the-art model for coastal water quality, with the ultimate objective of simulating the impact of different pollution loads from a major industrial estate on the environmental quality of the gulf. A follow-up regional project was implemented in 1994-95 and a feasibility study has been prepared and submitted for funding to extend the same activities to other countries of the region (Malaysia, Philippines, Pakistan and China) through the development of case studies on water quality modeling. ANNEX II EXAMPLES OF REGIONAL COOPERATION ECE region: Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution and its related Protocols Under the Convention, Parties are invited to cooperate in the research on air pollutant effects in order to establish a scientific basis for dose-effect relationships designed to protect the environment. To this end five international cooperative programmes have been established under the Working Group on Effects to study the effects of air pollution on forests and agricultural crops, on surface waters, on selected ecosystems and on materials and historic and cultural monuments. Their main objective is to assess the present status of the environment, evaluate occurring changes and their trends and to establish relevant dose/effect relationships, thus substantiating and providing for an effect-based approach to controlling emissions of air pollutants. The programme have already yielded a number of important results/reports, e.g. annual reports on forest condition in Europe; an interim report on cause-effect relationships in forest decline; a report on the acidification of surface water in Europe and North America; reports on the evaluation of corrosion attach on economically important materials in the European region; derivation of critical levels of ozone for agricultural crops; and annual synoptic reports on the results of integrated monitoring in selected ecosystems. ECLAC region 1) Natural Gas The agreements on natural gas supply both from Argentina to Chile and from Bolivia to Brazil could be classified as cooperation in the energy sector towards the use of cleaner sources of energy. In the first case, for the chilean market, it is expected that natural gas could be able to substitute coal and oil products in the electric supply industry and in the industrial sector by 1997. According to the Chile's authority, the 90% of the additional capacity power plants for 1997-2005 will be natural gas in combined cycle turbines. 2) Hydropower The hydropower development in the Rio de la Plata basin countries has contributed to significant reductions in greenhouse gas emissions and other emissions that produce acid rain. Four countries involved in the Latin American Energy Organization, have bilateral cooperation agreements: Brazil-Paraguay (Itaipu' power plant), Uruguay-Argentina (Salto Grande) and Paraguay-Argentina (Yacireta'). They have been successful in significantly reducing greenhouse gas emissions and other emission that produce acid rain as follows: ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1970 1980 1990 1993 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Argentina 771 504 423 346 Brazil 115 47 33 33 Paraguay 234 96 0 0 Uruguay 409 197 87 40 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ ESCAP region: 1) Regional cooperation in South Asian Seas ESCAP has executed a technical assistance project aimed at reassessing a possible cooperative framework in the region. The project, entitled "Capacity Building in the Field of Planning and Management of Coastal Areas of the South Asian Region: Phase I" was funded by the UNEP through its Ocean and Coastal Areas Programme Activity Centre and was executed by ESCAP during 1993 and 1994 in cooperation with SACEP. The project involved the assessment of existing capabilities and capacity building requirements in the countries of the region (Bangladesh, Maldives, India, Sri Lanka and Pakistan) in the field of coastal and marine environmental management. The priority areas for regional cooperation were identified as: integrated coastal zone management, capacity building and marine pollution contingency planning. The proposed priority strategy was incorporated in the revised regional Action Plan adopted for implementation in 1995 by the governments of the five countries, laying the foundation for effective regional cooperation. 2) Regional Cooperation for Coastal Environmental Management in South China Sea In the context of the ADB-funded Regional Technical Assistance project entitled "Coastal and Marine Environmental Management in the South China Sea", participating countries have developed common understanding of the coastal and marine environmental problems and related constraints in the South China Seas region; assessed the successes and failures of previous technical assistance and investments in coastal and marine environmental management in the region and identify additional requirements for technical assistance and investment; exchanged experiences gained in the region; and generated databases. 3) Regional Cooperation for Sustainable Coastal Tourism Development On the basis of country case studies in six countries (Fiji, Indonesia, Malaysia, Maldives, Philippines and Thailand), a regional guideline was developed to integrate environmental consideration into coastal tourism development planning. An audio- visual module developed on the basis of the guideline was reviewed by an expert group meeting which also developed an Action Framework for Tourism Development in line with Agenda 21. Sub-regional follow up is now planned starting with South Asia. 4) Ozone Coordinated project In order to strengthen the capacity of developing country governments to phase out the consumption of ozone depleting substances (ODS) rapidly and efficiency, a network of ODS Officers in the Southeast Asian/Pacific region called ODSONET/SEAP is being implemented jointly by UNEP/ROAP Bangkok and UNEP IE Paris with the funding from SIDA. The project aims: a) to develop a framework for efficient exchange of experience among ODS Officers; b) to improve access to available information; c) to facilitate feedback, in particular to UNEP, on difficulties encountered by the developing countries and the need for further support in terms of information, training materials and workshops ; d) to promote sharing of information materials; and to initiate relevant joint activities among network countries. The network currently consists of ten developing countries (Brunei Darussalam, Fiji, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam) and three developed countries (Australia, New Zealand and Sweden). It has succeeded in including participation of representatives from trade and industry sectors, chemical and equipment suppliers, and also from academic and training institutes. ANNEX III MEETING ON REGIONAL IMPLEMENTATION OF AGENDA 21 New York 6-7 DECEMBER 1995 Chairperson: Ms. Joke H. Waller-Hunter, Director Division for Sustainable Development, UNDPCSD LIST OF PARTICIPANTS ADB Mr. Oumar Aw Principal Environmentalist Central Projects Department African Development Bank DPI Ms. Julie I. Thompson Project Manager for Sustainable Development Department of Public Information United Nations ECA Mr. Lucas T. Tandap Chief, Environment Unit Natural Resources Division Economic Commission for Africa ECE Mr. Kaj Ba"rlund Director Environment and Human Settlements Division Economic Commission for Europe ECLAC Ms. Helga Hoffmann Chief, Environment and Natural Resources Division Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean ESCAP Mr. Guangchang Shi Director, Environment and Natural Resources Management Division Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific IADB Mr. Carlos Lopez Ocan~a Environment Division Inter-American Development Bank UNDP Ms. Karen Jorgensen Acting Assistant Director Division for Sustainable Energy and Environment United Nations Development Programme UNEP United Nations Environment Programme Mr. Hans Alders Director UNEP, Regional Office for Europe Ms. Joanne Fox-Przeworski Director UNEP Regional Office for North America Mrs. Maria da Grac'a de Amorim Regional Director and Representative UNEP, Regional Office for Africa Dr. Adel Orabi Deputy Director and Officer-in-Charge UNEP Regional Office for West Asia Mr. Arsenio Rodriguez Director UNEP Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean Mr. Suvit Yodmani Regional Director and Representative UNEP Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific DSD/DPCSD Ms. Joke H. Waller-Hunter Director, DSD/DPCSD Mr. Shem Arungu Olende DSD/DPCSD Mr. Lowell Flanders DSD/DPCSD Mr. Lars Hyttinen DSD/DPCSD Mr. Jagmohan Maini DSD/DPCSD Ms. Hiroko Morita-Lou DSD/DPCSD Mr. Kenneth Ruffing DSD/DPCSD Ms. Mary Pat Silveira DSD/DPCSD Mr. Andrey Vasilyev DSD/DPCSD ANNEX IV MEETING OF REGIONAL INSTITUTIONS 6 and 7 December 1995 Annotated Agenda and Proposed Programme of Work The objectives of the meeting are to determine, through an open exchange of experiences and information: 1. the impact of the Rio commitments at the regional level on * national policies * regional/transboundary issues * regional cooperation 2. regional activities aimed at * preparing for the 1997 Special Session of the General Assembly * follow-up after 1997 3. methods to strengthen links between the CSD process and the regional processes To this effect the following draft annotated agenda and programme of work are proposed: 6 December 1995 - 10.00 a.m. - Conference Room B, UN Secretariat Building (Upon confirmation) 1. Welcome and opening by Nitin Desai, Under-Secretary- General for Policy Coordination and Sustainable Development 2. Introduction by Joke Waller-Hunter, Director of the Division for Sustainable Development: brief overview of developments in CSD and IACSD since 1993 3. Regional follow-up to UNCED After UNCED most of the regions have set up follow-up mechanisms, both at the intergovernmental level and at the regional institutional level. (For an overview of regional institutional arrangements see information document 1, based on information received in reply to the request for input for the report to CSD 4 on international institutional arrangements (Chapter 38).) At the intergovernmental level various mechanisms are in place: - permanent regional committees on sustainable development (ESCAP); - periodic ministerial meetings, covering all sustainable development issues (ESCAP, ECA, ECE) or thematic (UNEP/ACMEN, ECLAC, UNEP LA): - period expert meetings Participants may wish to address the following questions: a. to what extent have those meetings identified regional priorities b. have those meetings led to concrete action plans, if so - is there a monitoring mechanism in place - are financial resources available for their implementation - do they address action at the national level or regional, transboundary problems c. participation in the meetings: - ministers/ministries for the environment - other ministers/ministries - major groups d. to what extent are/were those meetings related to the rolling workprogramme of the CSD 6 December 1995 - 3.00 p.m. 4. Regional issues/regional cooperation So far, the CSD has paid relatively little attention to regional/transboundary problems, despite the report presented by the regional commissions in 1994, with the exception of desertification. The 1996 session of CSD has on its agenda the sectoral issues of oceans and atmospheric pollution, both of which have a definite regional component. Among the other issues where a regional approach has merit are: transportation, fresh water management and managing fragile ecosystems (desertification, mountains). The meeting could, based on successful examples (such as Mekong, Amazon, Caspian Sea, Zambesi river basin), discuss the merits of a regional approach, including the potential for cooperation of the regional institutions, by addressing the following issues: a. policy basis for regional actions (e.g. Agenda 21, regional action plans, (regional) conventions) b. regional and national actors involved as - initiators - providers of expertise - providers of funding what are the mechanisms for cooperation? c. lessons learned from ongoing programmes/projects d. what should be the message to CSD 4 on regional cooperation related to atmospheric pollution and oceans (and inland seas) 6.00 p.m. Cocktails, Conference Room DC2 22nd Floor 7 December 1995 - 10.00 a.m. 5. 1997 Special Session In 1997 the General Assembly will hold a special session with a view to reviewing progress achieved in the implementation of Agenda 21 and the other Rio commitments. A report of the SG on the modalities of the Special Session is currently under discussion in the Second Committee of the GA. Regional preparations were addressed in many interventions and in the draft resolution. At the meeting an update of the Second Committee deliberations will be given. The meeting could address: a. regional preparations b. the role of the regions after 1977 also taking into account the outcome of the discussions under agenda items 3 and 4. Special attention could be given to the possibility of the regional commissions being more involved in monitoring progress at the national level. It may be expected that monitoring of national progress will play an increasingly important role. So far, progress is monitored directly by the CSD. It could be envisaged that the regional commissions would carry out performance reviews of their member countries, analogous to the performance reviews currently undertaken by the OECD and envisaged by the ECE. The regional commission would perform a peer review and report to the CSD on their findings. 7 December 1995 - 3.00 p.m. 6. Indicators for sustainable development At its third session the CSD adopted a work programme on indicators for sustainable development. At the same time many activities are underway in the regional context. The meeting could explore possibilities for enhanced cooperation. 7. Other matters 8. Report of the meeting The participants may wish to decide that the report of the meeting will be forwarded to the IACSD and the CSD.
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Date last posted: 3 December 1999 10:27:35