GENERAL INFORMATION ON THE WORK OF THE COMMITTEE
The work of the Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 1267 (1999) concerning Al-Qaida and the Taliban and Associated Individuals and Entities, also known as the Al-Qaida and Taliban Sanctions Committee
Background: establishment and mandate
The Al-Qaida and Taliban Sanctions Committee was established on 15 October 1999 by the Security Council with the adoption of resolution 1267 for the purpose of overseeing the implementation of sanctions on Taliban-controlled Afghanistan for its support of Usama bin Laden. The sanctions regime has been modified and strengthened by subsequent resolutions, including resolutions 1333 (2000), 1390 (2002), 1455 (2003), 1526 (2004), and 1617 (2005), so that the sanctions now cover individuals and entities associated with Al-Qaida, Usama bin Laden and/or the Taliban wherever located. The Security Council will review the current sanctions measures by December 2006.
The resolutions have all been adopted under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter and require all States to: freeze the assets of, prevent the entry into or transit through their territories by, and prevent the direct or indirect supply, sale and transfer of arms and military equipment to any individual or entity associated with Al-Qaida, Usama bin Laden and/or the Taliban as designated by the Committee. It is important to note that the primary responsibility for the implementation of the sanctions measures rests with the Member States. Effective implementation is mandatory.
The Committee and its work
The Committee is made up of all 15 members of the Security Council and holds regular meetings in both formal and informal sessions. Its first Chairman was the Permanent Representative of Argentina to the United Nations, and since January 2005 Argentina again holds this position through its current Permanent Representative His Excellency César Mayoral. The two Vice-Chairs for 2006 are Greece and Ghana. The Committee takes all its decisions by consensus.
In addition to overseeing States’ implementation of the sanctions measures, the Committee
Another task of the Committee is to consider submissions from States concerning exemptions to the assets freeze under resolution 1452 (2002) and for the travel ban under paragraph 1 (b) of resolution 1617 (2005). When making all such requests, States are called upon to submit identifying information and the statement of the case describing the basis of the proposal.
Finally, the Committee regularly reports about its activities and makes recommendations to the Security Council with a view to improve the sanctions regime, including proposing additional measures.
The Committee publishes annual reports of its activities which are placed on its website (http://www.un.org/Docs/sc/committees/1267Template.htm). The Committee’s guidelines for the conduct of its work, including on the listing and de-listing procedures, can also be found there.
The UN Secretariat assists the work of the Committee by providing substantive support and secretariat services. It also helps the Committee maintain its website by updating the Consolidated List as soon as changes are made (including additions and deletions). The Secretariat of the Committee can be contacted by email at: email@example.com.
The Monitoring Team
The Committee is also supported by the Analytical Support and Sanctions Monitoring Team (the ‘Monitoring Team’), which is composed of independent experts, appointed by the Secretary-General, with expertise in counter-terrorism, financing of terrorism, arms embargoes, travel bans and related legal issues. The Coordinator for the Team is Mr. Richard Barrett who can be contacted by Tel: (917) 367-9436 or by email: firstname.lastname@example.org. The Team assists the Committee in evaluating the implementation of the sanctions regime by Member States, including on the ground, as well as by reporting on developments that have an impact on the effectiveness of the sanctions regime, such as the changing nature of Al-Qaida and its continued threat.
The Team’s reports can be found at: http://www.un.org/Docs/sc/committees/1267/1267mg.htm. The Monitoring Team operates under the direction of the Committee, but the views and recommendations expressed in its reports do not necessarily reflect the views of the Committee or the United Nations.
The Committee’s work with Member States
By resolutions 1455 (2003) and 1617 (2005) States are called upon to inform the Committee on the actions they have taken to implement the sanctions regime against the individuals and entities placed on the List. Reports submitted pursuant to resolution 1455 (2003) are available on the Committee’s website. In addition to gathering information from these reports, the Committee ngages in direct dialogue with States through country visits and meetings with their representatives in New York. Member States are provided with the opportunity, at the Committee’s request, to send representatives to meet with the Committee for more in-depth discussion of relevant issues.
Based on the submitted reports and the direct dialogue with States the Committee provided to the Security Council an analytical assessment on implementation of the sanctions measures, including States’ successes and challenges in implementing them. This report was published as document S/2005/761 and is available on the Committee’s website.
The significance of the Consolidated List
As noted, the Committee, under its mandate, has established and maintains the Consolidated List. The List currently contains nearly 500 names and is split into four sections covering (1) individuals and (2) entities associated with the Taliban, and (3) individuals and (4) entities associated with Al-Qaida. The List also has a section containing the names of individuals and entities that have been removed from the List (frequently referred to as ‘de-listed’). The Consolidated List serves as the foundation for the implementation and enforcement of sanctions against Al-Qaida and the Taliban. The Committee is continuously seeking to improve the information on the List to ensure that the sanctions measures can be implemented effectively.
Focusing on a new generation of Al-Qaida
The Security Council strengthened the sanctions regime with resolution 1617 (2005), adopted on 29 July 2005, which renewed the mandate of the Monitoring Team. The resolution clarified the acts and activities that indicate that an individual or entity is associated with Al-Qaida, Usama bin Laden or the Taliban, and thus also be subject to the three sanctions measures. The resolution specifically states that such acts or activities include:
Al-Qaida, Usama bin Laden or the Taliban, or any cell, affiliate, splinter group or derivative thereof.
The new resolution reflects the efforts of the Security Council to adapt the sanctions regime tothe changing nature of the threat posed by an evolving Al-Qaida.
The Al-Qaida and Taliban Sanctions Committee and the UN’s work against terrorism
The Committee is one of three counter-terrorism bodies established by the Security Council. The Council has been dealing with terrorism issues since the early 1990s, but following the September 11 terrorist attacks in the United States in 2001, the Security Council, by resolution 1373 (2001), established the Counter-Terrorism Committee (CTC) which is also made up of all Council members. By the same resolution the Security Council requires States to take a number of measures to prevent terrorist activities and to criminalize various forms of terrorist actions. The CTC facilitates the provision of assistance to States to build capacity to counter terrorism on a national, regional and global level. Its work is assisted by a Counter-Terrorism Committee Executive Directorate (CTED) established by the Security Council in 2004. More information about this Committee is available on its website: http://www.un.org/sc/ctc/.
In 2004 the Security Council, through resolution 1540, established the 1540 Committee, again made up of all Council members, with the task to monitor Member States’ compliance under the resolution, which aims to prevent the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction to non-state actors, including terrorist groups. More information about this Committee is available on its website: http://disarmament2.un.org/Committee1540/index.html.
The three Committees and their experts coordinate their work and cooperate closely. The Committees brief the Security Council on their activities in joint meetings, when possible, and coordinate common issues such as their travel programmes and other means of gathering information. They also share information on the assistance needs of Member States.
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