Continuing CHAPTER V Related issues and approaches


Recommendations by the High-level Panel on issues related to disarmament and non-proliferation1

On 2 December 2004, the High-level Panel on Threats, Challenge and Change presented its report "A More Secure World: Our Shared Responsibility" to the Secretary General.2 The report generated new ideas about the kinds of policies and institutions required to make the United Nations effective in the 21st century.
According to the report, the world was faced with new and evolving threats that could not have been anticipated when the United Nations was founded in 1945 - like nuclear terrorism and State collapse from the "witch's brew" of poverty, disease and civil war. In tDDAy's world, a threat to one was a threat to all. Globalization meant that a major terrorist attack anywhere in the industrial world would have devastating consequences for the well-being of millions in the developing world. Any one of 700 million international airline passengers every year could be an unwitting carrier of a deadly infectious disease. The erosion of State capacity anywhere in the world weakened the protection of every State against transnational threats such as terrorism and organized crime. Every State required international cooperation to make it secure.
The Secretary-General gave strong support to the report and wholly endorsed its core arguments for a broader, more comprehensive system of collective security. He planned to submit his own report in March 2005, factoring in the panel's recommendations which would help set the agenda for the 2005 summit on implementing the United Nations Millennium Declaration.
Among the Panel's 101 recommendations, 18 were directly related to disarmament and non-proliferation and are listed below:
They must honour their commitments under Article VI of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (1968) (NPT) to move towards disarmament and be ready to undertake specific measures in fulfillment of those commitments;
They should reaffirm their previous commitments not to use nuclear weapons against non-nuclear-weapon States. (Recommendation 21)

Recommendations by the Advisory Board on Disarmament Matters as its contribution to the work of the High-level Panel

In response to a request by the Secretary-General to contribute to the work of the High-level Panel, the Advisory Board on Disarmament Matters, under the chairmanship of Harald Müller, undertook intensive deliberations in 2004 on issues relating to weapons of mass destruction, small arms and light weapons, landmines, export controls, and ways and means to strengthen the United Nations role in disarmament and non-proliferation.
The discussions resulted in a comprehensive document containing an in-depth analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of current disarmament and non-proliferation regimes, an insightful evaluation of old and new challenges, and practical recommendations on how to meet those challenges, with a particular emphasis on the dangerous combination of weapons of mass destruction and terrorism.3 The Board's recommendations were presented to the High-level Panel and to the Secretary-General directly. (The recommendations by the Advisory Board are reproduced in Annex I of this chapter.)

1The High-level Panel was established by the Secretary-General in September 2003 to examine the current challenges to peace and security and to recommend collective action to address those challenges and ways and means to strengthen the United Nations.
2The full text is available from http://www.un.org/secureworld.
3The outcome was published in DDA Occasional Paper, No. 8, October 2004, available from http://disarmament.un.org/DDApublications/op8.htm.