The year 2004 saw the United Nations and regional organizations continue to work together, with increased levels of coordination and cooperation, in order to address current security and disarmament challenges. Through the adoption of several resolutions in support of the regional approach to security and disarmament, the General Assembly continued to recognize the indispensable role of regional and subregional organizations in enhancing regional security. The Assembly also noted that measures adopted in one region tended to encourage efforts in other regions. The UN Security Council was joined by a number of key regional organizations in considering "Cooperation between the United Nations and Regional Organizations in Stabilization Processes", which marked another significant step by the UN and regional organizations to further strengthen coordination and cooperation in their common efforts to seek peace and development in various regions and the world at large.
As an ongoing effort, consolidation of the existing NWFZs and further expansion of such zones to other parts of the world will continue. Measures at the regional and subregional levels to tackle the proliferation of SALW remained an important part of international efforts in related areas such as conflict prevention and resolution, post-conflict peace-building as well as fighting organized crime and drug trafficking. In light of the growing awareness of the security threat posed by the presence of illegal and excessive armaments, intensive efforts will continue to address that threat.
The United Nations, through its three regional disarmament centres, accelerated assistance to States in their efforts to consolidate peace and security. The Regional Centres work involved addressing issues related to WMD disarmament and non-proliferation, conventional arms control, especially SALW and landmines, and promoting openness and transparency on military and security issues.