In 2004, multilateral efforts towards the total elimination of biological and chemical weapons continued. Addressing the threat of WMD terrorism continued to occupy a top place on the international disarmament agenda. The outcome of the second Meeting of States Parties to the BWC formed an integral part of the process leading up to the Sixth Review Conference of the BWC in 2006.
Further progress was achieved in both the implementation of the CWC, particularly chemical weapons disarmament, and its universalization. By the end of 2004, 167 States parties had ratified the Convention. The OPCW continued to make progress in implementations of the CWC, in particular, in the destruction of declared chemical arsenals.
UNMOVIC continued to operate under the assumption that the possibility of future redeployment to Iraq and other ongoing work necessitated a sustained level of readiness to resume its operations there.
The Australia Group stepped up its efforts in preventing chemical and biological weapons proliferation, including to non-State actors, through measures such as expanding control lists and dealing with brokering issues aimed at tightening the export control systems of its members States' in those two fields.