Continuing CHAPTER I

Bilateral agreement and other issues

On 1 June 2003, the Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty (SORT) - or Moscow Treaty - between the Russian Federation and the United States entered into force. According to the U.S. Department of State's 2004 annual report to Congress on SORT implementation, the Bilateral Implementation Commission, a body established under the treaty, met for the first time from 8-9 April in Geneva. In addition, senior officials from the United States and Russia met several times in the course of 2004 to discuss SORT implementation. As to the question of extending the Moscow Treaty beyond its 31 December 2012 expiration date, the two governments announced that they would continue to consider the matter within the context of START implementation over the next years.
During its fifty-ninth session, the General Assembly welcomed the Moscow Treaty's contributions to nuclear disarmament and adopted resolution 59/94 entitled "Bilateral strategic nuclear arms reductions and the new strategic framework" on 3 December.1 For the discussion and the voting of the resolution, see the General Assembly section of this chapter.