The United Nations and other international and regional organizations stepped up their collective efforts to deal with all aspects of terrorism. The danger of acquisition and use of WMD by terrorists was underlined and a number of measures were formulated to prevent nuclear, biological and chemical materials or technology which could be used for weapons purposes from falling into the wrong hands. These concerns underscored the urgent need to further strengthen the multilateral disarmament and non-proliferation regimes so as to contribute to the global efforts against terrorism and to prevent terrorists from acquiring WMD.
A majority of Member States reaffirmed that multilateralism was the core principle of disarmament and non-proliferation. Despite the continuing concern about a possible arms race in outer space, divergent views among States again prevented the CD from starting substantive work on PAROS.
States and the United Nations system continued to underline the inherent link between disarmament, human security and the protection of human rights. The threat to fundamental human rights posed by WMD and other types of weapons with indiscriminate effect or causing superfluous injury, as well as small arms and light weapons (SALW) was further examined in the Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights.
Growing concerns over the potential impact on international security emanating from the rapid developments in the field of information security and telecommunications prompted the General Assembly again to adopt a resolution on the topic. A Group of Governmental Experts will be convened in 2004 and 2005 to carry out a study on the relevant concepts aimed at strengthening the security of global information and telecommunications systems.
The Group of Governmental Experts established pursuant to General Assembly resolution 57/65, began its work on undertaking a reappraisal of the relationship between disarmament and development in the current international context as well as the future role of the United Nations in this regard.