Bilateral agreement and other issues
On 1 June 2003, the SORT Treaty, between the Russian Federation and the United States, entered into force. Article I of the Treaty establishes that each Party shall reduce and limit strategic nuclear warheads so that by 31 December 2012 the aggregate number of such warheads does not exceed 1700-2200 for each Party. Article I further provides that each Party shall determine for itself the composition and structure of its strategic offensive arms, based on the established aggregate limit for the number of such warheads. The Treaty also establishes a Bilateral Implementation Commission that will meet twice a year to discuss issues related to the Treaty. The Treaty will remain in force until December 2012 and may be extended or superseded earlier by a subsequent agreement.
On that occasion, a Joint Statement1
was issued by President Bush and President Putin in which they reiterated their commitment contained in the Joint Declaration on the New Strategic Relationship of 24 May 2002.2
The Joint Statement also stated that both parties would intensify efforts to confront global threats of terrorism and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and their means of delivery. It also declared the intention of both parties to advance concrete joint projects in the area of missile defence.
White House Office of the Press Secretary, "Text: Joint Statement", 1 June 2003, available from www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/06 [accessed 18 August 2004].
"Text: Joint Declaration of new US-Russian relationship", 24 May 2002, available from www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/05 [accessed 18 August 2004].