19 November 2003
nutritional value of the monthly food basket distributed
countrywide almost doubled between 1996 and 2002, from about 1,200
to about 2,200 kilocalories per person per day.
Between 1997 and 2002, the capacity to undertake major surgeries
increased by 40% and laboratory investigations by 25% in the
centre and south of Iraq. Communicable diseases, including
cholera, malaria, measles, mumps, meningitis and tuberculosis were
reduced in the centre/south during this period. As of 29 May 2003
there had been no cases of polio in Iraq for more than three
years. In the three northern governorates, cholera was eradicated
and the incidence of malaria reduced to the 1991 level.
Vaccinations reduced measles morbidity considerably.
Malnutrition rates in 2002 in the centre/south were half those of
1996 among children under the age of five. In the three northern
governorates, there was a 56% reduction in chronic malnutrition
and a 44% reduction in the incidence of underweight children under
Before 20 March 2003, private and public road transport was
rehabilitated to varying degrees, and safe, reliable inter-city
public passenger transportation services were restored.
deterioration of water facilities was halted. OFFP supplies and
equipment improved access to potable water, and helped to reduce
the incidence of water-borne illnesses, including diarrhea.
Agricultural improvements enabled large segments of the population
to purchase produce at affordable prices. In the centre/south,
poultry and egg production doubled. In the three northern
governorates, OFFP supplies contributed to a substantial increase
in agricultural production.
Access to electricity was extended and supply became more
reliable. During the summer of 2002, there were no planned power
cuts in Baghdad City.
Improved infrastructure in the centre/south was reflected in the
increased number of telephone calls placed successfully.
The distribution of 1.2 million school desks met 60% of the needs
at primary and secondary schools in the centre/south, where in
1996, students had sat on bare floors. In the northern
governorates, the Programme helped to increase primary school
attendance by 32% between 1996 and 2002 and secondary school
attendance by over 74%. Most schools operated in two rather than
three shifts, as a result of the greater availability of
In late 2002, housing construction in the centre/south was
expected to reach 14,432,896 square metres, compared with
13,930,490 square metres in 1990 and 347,892 square metres in
1996. This includes 19,051 dwelling units constructed between 1996
and early 2003 to house some 114,300 internally displaced and
otherwise vulnerable persons. Over the same period, some 685
schools were built or repaired, benefiting 190,000 students, as
well as 127 health centres; 99 agricultural and veterinary
facilities; 49 civic buildings; 853 kilometres of water systems
and 2,800 kilometres of roads and bridges.
Between 1998 and 2002, the UNOPS Mine Action Programme cleared
some 76,500 mines from 9.1 million square metres of land, of which
3.95 million square metres were returned to the local population
for productive use. The programme also worked with some 2,000 mine
accident and war victims, providing surgery, prosthetics and other
rehabilitation services. Tens of thousands of women and children
received Mine Risk education. Mined areas yet to be cleared were
marked with warning signs.
information please contact: Ian Steele Tel. 212 963 1646 email: