Angola ▫ Bangladesh ▫
Central African Republic ▫ Chad ▫
Chechnya & Neighbouring Republics RF ▫
Côte D'Ivoire Plus Three ▫
Democratic People's Republic of Korea ▫
Democratic Republic of the Congo ▫
Great Lakes Region and Central Africa
▫ Grenada ▫
Haiti ▫ Indonesia ▫ Iran ▫
Liberia ▫ Madagascar ▫
territory ▫ Philippines ▫
Sierra Leone ▫
Southern Africa Region ▫
West Africa ▫
EMBARGOED TO THE MEDIA UNTIL TUESDAY 18 NOVEMBER 2003, 1100 HRS NEW YORK TIME
REVISED CONSOLIDATED APPEAL
This revised appeal seeks additional resources to fund recovery and basic social services, in partnership with the Government of Zimbabwe and other humanitarian stakeholders. The appeal includes targeted food aid, nutrition programmes, basic social services, support for prevention and treatment of Human Immuno-deficiency Virus / Acquired Immuno-deficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) and agricultural recovery. If required, the Government of Zimbabwe and the UN Humanitarian Coordinator will make a request for general food aid at a later time when accurate information on the harvest for the 2003/2004 main agriculture season is available.
The five-year decline faced by Zimbabwe is multi-dimensional and the result of a number of inter-related factors, notably increased vulnerability to climatic fluctuations and the shock of drought, the HIV/AIDS pandemic and a constrained policy environment. These factors are eroding household self-reliance, economic productivity, and the quality of public services. In addition, coping mechanisms increasingly rely on the unsustainable use of natural resources. The cumulative effect is depletion of Zimbabwe’s human and natural resources and erosion of basic services and economic infrastructure. The social and economic deterioration over the past five years has resulted in a serious humanitarian situation.
The structural unemployment rate is more than 60%. An estimated five million people are unable to produce and/or purchase minimum daily food requirements and are, therefore, dependent on food aid and other social safety schemes. Agricultural recovery has been constrained by two years of successive drought and compounded by the severe economic decline. An estimated 25% of Zimbabwe’s sexually active population is HIV positive, substantially reducing human health and productivity. HIV/AIDS has increased vulnerability to opportunistic illnesses and diseases, and malnutrition has further compromised the health of the population. Cholera epidemics are occurring in areas not previously affected.
Economic conditions and policies have resulted in chronic under-funding of public services and an exodus of educated professionals or ‘brain drain’, strikes, and low morale among workers as well as equipment breakdowns and shortages of essential supplies. The spread of HIV/AIDS has contributed to further depletion of human resources. Social services, including health, education and water and sanitation facilities are deteriorating rapidly and increasingly do not meet minimum standards.
Humanitarian assistance including food aid, nutrition programmes, emergency health and education interventions has contributed to saving lives and mitigating the impact of the crisis on the most vulnerable groups. However, the weak performance of the economy combined with strained international environment means that little progress has been made on slowing social and economic decline. The result is that humanitarian costs continue to rise and the potential for recovery is undermined.
The humanitarian effort in 2004 will aim to reverse this trend. Essential humanitarian assistance will continue to be provided but with a growing emphasis on recovery initiatives to increase self-reliance and reduce dependency on international assistance. This will require both policy-level actions and targeted programme interventions.
The goal of the humanitarian effort in 2004 is to alleviate the suffering of the most vulnerable population and to give hope for a better future through the following three inter-related and mutually supportive objectives:
· Preventing loss of life, human suffering and mitigating the impact of the crisis on the most vulnerable groups, through food aid, nutrition, critical health and education interventions and protection initiatives;
· Strengthening household livelihoods, improving food security, developing minimum standards in essential services and addressing the impact of HIV/AIDS to support recovery efforts;
· Strengthening the coordination and effectiveness of humanitarian actions to develop a concerted response to the recovery needs of the country by advancing an effective and structured dialogue among humanitarian stakeholders.
To achieve these objectives, the UN Country Team (UNCT) in consultation with the Government of Zimbabwe has agreed through the Consolidated Appeals Process (CAP) mid-year review process, to revise the 2003/2004 Consolidated Appeal (CA) and extend activities to the end of 2004. Funding requirements total US$ 95.4 million, including US$ 31 million requested by local and international Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs). Of the total requirements, only US$ 10.5 million in contributions has been reported as of the publication of this revised appeal. Consequently, US$ 85 million is sought for the remainder of 2004.